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HISTORIOGRAFÍA 
POSTMODERNA 
ŽŶĐĞƉƚŽƐ͕ĮŐƵƌĂƐ͕ŵĂŶŝĮĞƐƚŽƐ 
Luis G. De Mussy 
Miguel Valderrama 
Ediciones Universidad Finis Terrae
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RIL editores 
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254Q23DN*4#/978-956-284-771-1 
1 Historiografía 2 Postmodernismo. 
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Historiografía postmoderna. 
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Primera edición: noviembre de 2010 
© Luis G. de Mussy y Miguel Valderrama, 2010 
Registro de Propiedad Intelectual 
Nº 196.373 
© RIL® editores, 2010 
Alférez Real 1464 
750-0960 Providencia 
Santiago de Chile 
Tel. (56-2) 2238100ÊUÊÝÊ2254269 
ÀˆJÀˆi`ˆÌœÀiðVœ“ÊUÊÜÜÜ°Àˆi`ˆÌœÀiðVœ“ 
Composición e impresión: RIL® editores 
“«ÀiÃœÊi˜Ê
…ˆiÊUÊPrinted in Chile 
ISBN Obra Completa: 978-956-284-771-1 
Derechos reservados. 
6
Historiografía postmoderna 
7 
Los límites de mi lenguaje 
significan los límites de mi mundo 
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Historiografía postmoderna 
A Luis e Isabella por día a día enseñarme 
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Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama
Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos   luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama

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Historiografía postmoderna. conceptos, figuras, manifiestos luis g. de mussy y miguel valderrama

  • 1. HISTORIOGRAFÍA POSTMODERNA ŽŶĐĞƉƚŽƐ͕ĮŐƵƌĂƐ͕ŵĂŶŝĮĞƐƚŽƐ Luis G. De Mussy Miguel Valderrama Ediciones Universidad Finis Terrae
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  • 8. Historiografía postmoderna ,UIS'$E-USSYs-IGUEL6ALDERRAMA Historiografía postmoderna Conceptos, figuras, manifiestos 5
  • 9. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB 907.2 EF.VTTZ3PB -VJT D )JTUPSJPHSBGÎB QPTUNPEFSOB $PODFQUPT àHVSBT NBOJàFTUPT / -VJT(%F.VTTZ .JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB. mm4BOUJBHP3*-FEJUPSFT 2010. 254Q23DN*4#/978-956-284-771-1 1 Historiografía 2 Postmodernismo. 6OJWFSTJEBE'JOJT5FSSBF Historiografía postmoderna. $÷öëíøü÷û îñïýúéû õéöñîñíûü÷û Primera edición: noviembre de 2010 © Luis G. de Mussy y Miguel Valderrama, 2010 Registro de Propiedad Intelectual Nº 196.373 © RIL® editores, 2010 Alférez Real 1464 750-0960 Providencia Santiago de Chile Tel. (56-2) 2238100ÊUÊÝÊ2254269 ÀˆJÀˆi`ˆÌœÀiðVœ“ÊUÊÜÜÜ°Àˆi`ˆÌœÀiðVœ“ Composición e impresión: RIL® editores “«ÀiÃœÊi˜Ê …ˆiÊUÊPrinted in Chile ISBN Obra Completa: 978-956-284-771-1 Derechos reservados. 6
  • 10. Historiografía postmoderna 7 Los límites de mi lenguaje significan los límites de mi mundo -VEXJH8JUUHFOTUFJO César muerto por un disparo de browning -VDJFO'FCWSF
  • 11. Historiografía postmoderna ±öìñëí Agradecimientos ...................................................................13 Advertencia ..........................................................................15 *)ñûü÷úñ÷ïúéîġéø÷ûüõ÷ìíúöé *)JTUPSJPHSBGÎBQPTUNPEFSOB VONBOJàFTUP .................19 9 **$÷öëíøü÷û 1PSVOBOVFWBHSBNÃUJDBEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB ..................39 DPOUFDJNJFOUP.........................................................43 SDIJWP ....................................................................47 DUVBMJEBE ................................................................50 OUJOPNJB ................................................................53 QPSÎB ......................................................................55 OBDSPOJTNP ............................................................57 #JPHSBGÎB ...................................................................61 #JPQPMÎUJDB ................................................................65 $BOPO ......................................................................70 $PNQSFOTJÓOIJTUÓSJDB..............................................80 %FDPMPOJ[BDJÓO QFOTBNJFOUPEFDPMPOJBM .................85 %FDPOTUSVDDJÓO .........................................................88 TUSVDUVSBMJTNP ........................................................93 'FNJOJTNP FTDSJCJSMBIJTUPSJBEFMBTNVKFSFT ..........99 )JTUPSJDJTNP ...........................................................104 .BSDP FONBSDBNJFOUP .........................................110 ***'ñïýúéû y$JUBSBMPTHSBOEFTPQSFTDJOEJSEFMPTOPNCSFT .........123 1BVM7FZOF .............................................................126 MJ[BCFUI%FFETSNBSUI .......................................129 %PNJOJDL-B$BQSB .................................................132 'SBOLOLFSTNJU ....................................................135 )BZEFO8IJUF .......................................................138 ,FJUI+FOLJOT .........................................................142
  • 12. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB .JDIFMEF$FSUFBV .......................................................145 MVO.VOTMPX .............................................................149 +PBO8BMMBDI4DPUU ......................................................151 10 *7.éöñîñíûü÷û yTMBDPOEJDJÓOQPTUNPEFSOB MBDPOEJDJÓOEFMPTNBOJàFTUPT ....................................157 )JTUPSJPHSBGÎBZQPTUNPEFSOJTNP Frank Ankersmit .....................................................159 .BOJàFTUPJOBVHVSBM Grupo de Estudios Subalternos ..............................185 -BPQDJÓOEFDPMPOJBM6ONBOJàFTUP Walter Mignolo ......................................................199 5JFNQPEFNBOJàFTUPT Hayden White ........................................................235
  • 13. Historiografía postmoderna A Luis e Isabella por día a día enseñarme la flexibilidad de las palabras y la necesidad de la adaptación. Y a María Teresa por haberme demostrado que cada despedida era el comienzo de una nueva historia. 11 -(E. A Alejandra, una vez más… .7
  • 14. Historiografía postmoderna ïúéìíëñõñíöü÷û Historiografía postmoderna. Conceptos, figuras, manifiestos FTQSPEVDUPEFVOBJOWFTUJHBDJÓOFOMBRVFDPMBCPSBSPO FOEJT- UJOUBTFUBQBT MPTBZVEBOUFTEFOVFTUSPTDVSTPTEF)JTUPSJPHSBGÎB Z5FPSÎB EF MB IJTUPSJB /FDFTBSJP FT QVFT OPNCSBSMPT B UPEPT $MBVEJP7ÊMJ[ $BSMPT3PKBTF*HOBDJP4BSNJFOUP OFMEFTBSSPMMPEFMBTFDDJÓOj$PODFQUPTvZj.BOJàFTUPTv EFHistoriografía postmodernaDPOUBNPTDPOMBDPMBCPSBDJÓOEF BDBEÊNJDPTEFTUBDBEPT RVFOPQPEFNPTEFKBSEFNFODJPOBSO FTUFTFOUJEP EFCFNPTBHSBEFDFSNVZFTQFDJBMNFOUFBMFKBOESB $BTUJMMPQPSSFTQPOEFSDPOFOUVTJBTNPBOVFTUSBJOWJUBDJÓOBDP- MBCPSBSDPOMBWP[jGFNJOJTNP FTDSJCJSMBIJTUPSJBEFMBTNVKF- SFT v FO MB TFDDJÓOconceptos EF FTUB HSBNÃUJDB IJTUPSJPHSÃàDB QSPWJTJPOBM%FJHVBMNBOFSB EFCFNPTSFDPOPDFSFMBQPZPFOUV- TJBTUBRVFOPTCSJOEBSPOFOEJTUJOUPTNPNFOUPTEFMBSFBMJ[BDJÓO EFFTUBJOWFTUJHBDJÓO)BZEFO8IJUF 'SBOLOLFSTNJU ,FJUI+FO- LJOT MVO.VOTMPX 8BMUFS.JHOPMPZ4BOUJBHP$BTUSP(ÓNF[ 13
  • 15.
  • 16. Historiografía postmoderna ìþíúüíöëñé .ñíóí #éô øúíûíöüħ ûý ôñêú÷ Conceptos viajeros en las hu-manidades DPNPVOBHVÎBEFWJBKFTBCPDFUBEB Rough Guide DPNP VO CSFWJBSJP JOEJTQFOTBCMF B MB IPSB EF JOJDJBS VO MBSHP WJBKFDPOEFTUJOPJODJFSUPQPSFMBSDIJQJÊMBHPEFMBDVMUVSBDPO- UFNQPSÃOFB4JCJFOTJFNQSFFTOFDFTBSJPUPNBSSFTHVBSEPTDPO- USBBRVFMMBTBCJEVSÎBEFBFSPQVFSUPTZDBSSFUFSBTRVFOPTFYIPSUB BBGSPOUBSWJBKFTQFMJHSPTPTZBHPUBEPSFTTJFOWFSEBERVFSFNPT PCUFOFSMBSFDPNQFOTBEFVOBFYQFSJFODJBOVFWB QFOTBNPTRVF MBJEFBNJTNBEFMWJBKF EFMWJBKFBCTPMVUP FTBRVÎMBRVFNFKPS FYQSFTB MB FYQFSJFODJB JONÓWJM EF QFOTBNJFOUP RVF CVTDBNPT SFDSFBS QBSB QSPWPDBS FM NPWJNJFOUP EF QFOTBS 1VFT MB DVFT- UJÓOQSJODJQBMEFMBRVFUSBUBFOÙMUJNBJOTUBODJBHistoriografía postmodernaFTEFDÓNPNPWFSTF EFDÓNPQFSGPSBSFMNVSPEFM QFOTBNJFOUPQBSBEFKBSTFEFHPMQFBSMBDBCF[BDPOUSBÊM2VJ[ÃT UPEPEFQFOEBEFDÓNPTFHVJSFMNPWJNJFOUPEFMBDSJTÃMJEB EF DÓNP BDUJWBS VO TBCFSMBSWB RVF OPT QFSNJUB FWJUBS MPT GBMTPT NPWJNJFOUPT RVFOPTFOTFÒFBOPNPWFSOPTEFNBTJBEPQBSBEBS MVHBSBMNPWJNJFOUP àDJPOBEPBMBIJTUPSJBVOJWFSTBM DVFOUB(JMMFT%FMFV[FRVF MFTPSQSFOEJÓVOBGSBTFEFSOPME5PZOCFFRVFQBSFDÎBSFUSBUBS DBCBMNFOUFTVFYQFSJFODJBOÓNBEBEFMWJBKFj/ÓNBEBTTPOMPT RVFOPTFNVFWFO TPOBRVFMMPTRVFBGVFS[BEFFTQFSBSTFDPO- WJFSUFOFOOÓNBEBT QPSRVFTFOJFHBOBQBSUJSv'JMÓTPGPEFMNP- WJNJFOUP B%FMFV[FMPDBVUJWBCBOMBTIJTUPSJBTZMBTOPWFMBT MB JEFBEFMWJBKFBCTPMVUPDPNPFTQFSBEFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUP OPIBZ RVFNPWFSTFNVDIP EFDÎB jQBSBOPFTQBOUBSBMPTEFWFOJSFTv DPNPQBTJÓOEFMDPODFQUP jFMFTUJMPFOàMPTPGÎBFTFMNPWJNJFO- UPEFMDPODFQUPv -PTFYUSFNPTTFUPDBO PCTFSWB+PZDFDeath is the highest form of life M WJBKF BCTPMVUP OP FT TÓMP MB WJEB NJTNB FT UBNCJÊO BRVFMMP RVF QSFDFEF Z TPCSFQBTB B MB WJEB FTMBMFDUVSBBCTPMVUB RVFTÓMPEFWJFOFQÓTUVNB ZFTUBNCJÊO 15
  • 17. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB BRVFMMPRVFJOUFSSVNQFFODBEBDBTPMBTNFNPSJBTZHFPHSBGÎBT MBTHVÎBTZDPOUSBGVFSUFTDPORVFTFCVTDBQSFQBSBSVOWJBKF BVO- RVFTFBFMEFMBMFDUVSB UBMWF[ FMNÃTQFMJHSPTPEFUPEPT $PNPTFÒBMEFUSÃàDPFTUBBEWFSUFODJBRVJ[ÃSFRVJFSBEFPUSP DPNJFO[P EFPUSBJNBHFODPORVÊEFTUBDBSFMDBSÃDUFSQSPWJTJP- OBMZGSBHNFOUBSJPEFFTUFPUSPQPTJDJPOBNJFOUPIJTUPSJPHSÃàDP MWJBKF TJOEVEB FTVOBJNBHFOQPEFSPTBQBSBJMVTUSBSFMNP- WJNJFOUPEFQFOTBSBRVFRVFSFNPTEBSMVHBS1FSP FMWJBKFOP TÓMPFTNPWJNJFOUP OPTÓMPFTUSBWFTÎB UBNCJÊOFTTJOÓOJNPEF DBSHBZTPCSFQFTP-BUBSFBEFQPOEFSBSBRVFMMPRVFTFIBEFMMF- WBSBDVFTUBTOPTJFNQSFFTGÃDJM FMDÃMDVMPTFDPOGVOEFNVDIBT WFDFTDPOMBBGFDDJÓO FMpathosZMBDPONPDJÓO/PQPSOBEBMB WJFKBSFUÓSJDBFOTFÒBCBRVFMPTPCKFUJWPTEFMBMJUFSBUVSBOPTÓMP FSBO DBVTBS QMBDFS delectare F JOTUSVJS docere B MPT MFDUPSFT TJOPUBNCJÊODPONPWFSMPT movere 1PSFTUBSB[ÓO ZBUFOEJFO- EPBMNPWJNJFOUPRVFCVTDBNPTJNQVMTBS UBMWF[TFBOFDFTBSJP PGSFDFS PUSP QVOUP EF QBSUJEB PUSP QVFSUP EF FNCBSRVF EFTEF EPOEFBDUJWBSGVUVSBTSFWVFMUBTFJOUFSWFODJPOFT OVFWBTGVHBTZ SFTJTUFODJBT OPUSBTQBMBCSBT MPTBVUPSFTEFFTUBTMFDDJPOFTEBSÎBOQPS DVNQMJEB TV UBSFB TJ B MB NBOFSB EFM MFDUPSJEFBM RVF -VEXJH 8JUUHFOTUFJOQSFàHVSBQBSBFMTractatus logico-philosophicus FM MFDUPSPMFDUPSBEFFTUBHVÎBEFWJBKFQPSMB Historiografía post-moderna TJOUJFSB MB JSSFTJTUJCMF OFDFTJEBE EF FNQSFOEFS PUSPT SFDPSSJEPT EF EBS MVHBS B OVFWPT NPWJNJFOUPT BSSPKBOEP BTÎ jMB FTDBMFSB EFTQVÊT EF IBCFS TVCJEP QPS FMMBv -B JNBHFO FT SFDVSSFOUF DBTJVOMVHBSDPNÙOFOMBEPYBDPOUFNQPSÃOFB QFSP OPIFNPTQPEJEPOJRVFSJEPEFTQSFOEFSOPTEFFMMBFODBEBNP- NFOUPEFMBFMBCPSBDJÓOEFFTUFJUJOFSBSJPEFWJBKF-BJNBHFO TJO EVEB ZB QFSUFOFDF BM BSDIJWP DVMUVSBM EF MBT IVNBOJEBEFT QPSFTUBSB[ÓOOPFTUÃEFNÃTWPMWFSBFMMBPUSBWF[BMDPNJFO[P FTEFDJS BMàOBM 16
  • 18. Historiografía postmoderna * Historiografía postmoderna 17
  • 19.
  • 20. Historiografía postmoderna *)ñûü÷úñ÷ïúéîġéø÷ûüõ÷ìíúöé ýöõéöñîñíûü÷ %íûìí õíìñéì÷û ìí ô÷û éĥ÷û ûíüíöüé EFM TJHMP QBTBEP MBT DJFODJBTTPDJBMFTTFFODVFOUSBOBUSBWFTBOEPQPSMPRVFOUIPOZ (JEEFOT IB MMBNBEP VO QFSÎPEP EF DSJTJT FTUBCMF1 /P FT GÃDJM EFUFSNJOBSMBTSB[POFTRVFBOJNBOPKVTUJàDBOFTUFMBSHPDVFT- UJPOBNJFOUP QFSP FO MP FTFODJBM FMMBT FTUÃO ÎOUJNBNFOUF SFMB- DJPOBEBTDPOMBMMBNBEBjDSJTJTEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOv'JOEFMPT NFUBSSFMBUPT RVJFCSFEFQBSBEJHNBT BHPUBNJFOUPEFMPTNBQBT DPHOJUJWPT TPOTÓMPBMHVOBTEFMBTTFÒBTDPORVFTFJOUFOUBEFT- DSJCJSFTUBQSPHSFTJWBQÊSEJEBEFGFFOMBFàDJFODJBZTVàDJFODJB EFMPTSFHJTUSPTFYJTUFOUFTEFJOUFSQSFUBDJÓOEFMBTPDJFEBEZEFMB IJTUPSJB)BZ TJOEVEB OPFTEJGÎDJMBEWFSUJSMP VOUPOPQPTUNP- EFSOPEPNJOBOEPMBFTDFOB1VFT FOVOBNFEJEBNVZBNQMJB FMQPTUNPEFSOJTNPWJFOFBSFQSFTFOUBSMBàHVSBEFMTFQVMUVSFSP QBSBUPEBTBRVFMMBTDPODFQDJPOFTEFMNVOEPZEFMBIJTUPSJBCB- TBEBTFOMBJEFBEFMBjHSBOUFPSÎBv OFMÙMUJNPDVBSUPEFMTJHMPXXTFQSPEVKP FOEFàOJUJWB VO EFTFODBOUPPEFTJMVTJÓODPOMBJEFBNPEFSOBEFDJFODJBTPDJBM -BTDBVTBTEFFMMPTPONÙMUJQMFTZEJGÎDJMFTEFJEFOUJàDBS/BUVSBM- NFOUF MBDSJTJTHFOFSBMEFMNVOEPEFMBQPTUHVFSSBTFFODVFOUSB FOMPTPSÎHFOFTEFMGFOÓNFOP$POáVZFO BEFNÃT FOFMQMBOPEF MB MFUSB Z FM TJHOP WBSJBOUFT FTQFDÎàDBT DPNP MB GVFSUF QSFTFO- DJB EFM MFOHVBKF FO MBT EJTDVTJPOFT àMPTÓàDBT DPOUFNQPSÃOFBT FMBCBOEPOPEFMFTUSVDUVSBMJTNP MBDSJTJTEFMBTJEFPMPHÎBTZFM BVHFZDPOTPMJEBDJÓOEFMPRVFTFIBEBEPFOMMBNBSMBTPDJFEBE FOSFE-BNJTNBIJQÓUFTJTRVFSFDPOPDFFOMBTTPDJFEBEFTDPO- 1 OUIPOZ (JEEFOT Modernidad e identidad del yo #BSDFMPOB 1FOÎOTVMB 19 1994.
  • 21. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB UFNQPSÃOFBTFMBWBODFEFVOQSPDFTPBDFMFSBEPEFWJSUVBMJ[BDJÓO ZNFEJBUJ[BDJÓOmWJODVMBEPBVOFTUBEJPEFMBDVMUVSBFOMBDVBM MPTQSPDFTPTEFEFTJHOBDJÓOZEFTJHOJàDBDJÓOTFTVCPSEJOBOBMB MÓHJDBEFMTJHOJàDBOUFm CJFOQVFEFTFSBQVOUBEBBRVÎDPNPVOB JOUFSQSFUBDJÓOQMBVTJCMFEFMBDSJTJTEFSFQSFTFOUBDJÓORVFBGFDUB IPZBMBTDJFODJBTTPDJBMFT QBSUJSEFFTUFDPOUFYUPEFEJTDVTJPOFT DPOTUJUVJEPQPSVO FTUJMPEFQFOTBNJFOUPRVFEFTDPOGÎBEFMBTOPDJPOFTDMÃTJDBTEF WFSEBE SB[ÓO JEFOUJEBE PCKFUJWJEBEZVOJWFSTBMJEBE2 MBQSFPDV- QBDJÓOQPSMBTJHOJàDBDJÓOBMJOUFSJPSEFMBTDJFODJBTTPDJBMFTIB EBEPMVHBSBVOFYUFOTPEFCBUFTPCSFMPTMÎNJUFTEFMBSFQSFTFOUB- DJÓOZTPCSFFMUJQPEFEFUFSNJOBDJPOFTFTUSVDUVSBMFTRVFDPOEJ- DJPOBOZMJNJUBOUPEBQSPEVDDJÓOEFDPOPDJNJFOUPOFTUFTFO- UJEP OPTÓMPTFIBWVFMUPBFYBNJOBSDSÎUJDBNFOUFFMDPNQMFKPEF SFMBDJPOFTRVFMBNPEFSOJEBEFTUBCMFDJÓCBKPMBTTJHOJàDBDJPOFT EFjTBCFSvZjQPEFSv TJOPRVF BMNJTNPUJFNQP TFIBQVFTUP FODVFTUJÓOMBQSPQJBEJTUJODJÓOFOUSFBQBSJFODJBZSFBMJEBE FOUSF JOUFSJPS Z FYUFSJPS RVF TVCZBDÎB B MPT BOÃMJTJT NPEFSOPT EF MB NÃRVJOBEFSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOEFMBJOWFTUJHBDJÓOTPDJBM 5BM WF[ QPS FMMP QPS MB JNQPSUBODJB RVF FTUBT EJTUJODJPOFT UJFOFO BM JOUFSJPS EF UPEP NPEFMP SFQSFTFOUBDJPOBM EF DPOPDJ- NJFOUP FTRVFIBTJEPFOFMÃNCJUPEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBFOEPOEF MBDSJTJTEFMBTDJFODJBTTPDJBMFTTFIBQSFTFOUBEPDPONBZPSSB- EJDBMJEBEMOVFWPIJTUPSJDJTNP MBWVFMUBEFMBOBSSBUJWB ZMBT OVFWBTGPSNBTEFFTDSJUVSBEFMBIJTUPSJB TPOTÓMPBMHVOPTEFMPT JOEJDJPTNÃTFWJEFOUFTEFMBDSJTJTRVFBGFDUBIPZBMBEJTDJQMJOB 1VFT FOFGFDUP EFTEFIBDFZBEPTEÊDBEBTFMQSPCMFNBDFOUSBMEF MBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBOPIBTJEPPUSPRVFSFTQPOEFSBMBQSFHVOUBQPS MBQPTJCJMJEBEEFSFQSFTFOUBSFMQBTBEP4VCZBDFBFTUBQSFHVOUB MBTPTQFDIBEFRVFTJFMEJTDVSTPTFDPOTUSVZFFOWJSUVEEFMBJN- QPTJDJÓOEFVOBFTUSVDUVSBEFSFMBUPBVOEFUFSNJOBEPDPOKVOUP EFBDPOUFDJNJFOUPT MBFMFDDJÓOEFMUJQPEFSFMBUPOPFTFYUFSOBP FYUFSJPSBMTJHOJàDBEPEFMPTBDPOUFDJNJFOUPT .ÃTBMMÃEFMDPOTFOTPRVFFYJTUFFOMBBDUVBMJEBEBMNPNFO- UPEFJEFOUJàDBSMPTNPUJWPTQSJODJQBMFTEFMBMMBNBEBjDSJTJTEF MBTDJFODJBTTPDJBMFTv MPDJFSUPFTRVFDPJODJEFOUFNFOUFBQBSUJS 2 5FSSZ BHMFUPO Las ilusiones del posmodernismo #VFOPT JSFT 1BJEÓT 20 1997.
  • 22. Historiografía postmoderna EFMPTBÒPTTFUFOUBEFMTJHMPQBTBEPTFIBQSPEVDJEPVOEFTQMB- [BNJFOUPFOFMÃNCJUPEFMBTQSFPDVQBDJPOFTEFMBàMPTPGÎBZMB FQJTUFNPMPHÎBEFMBIJTUPSJBTUFEFTQMB[BNJFOUPIBTJEPDBSBD- UFSJ[BEP NVDIBT WFDFT CBKP FM UÊSNJOP EF jHJSP MJOHÛÎTUJDPv FOSB[ÓOEFMBDSFDJFOUFBUFODJÓORVFFMMFOHVBKFZMBOBSSBDJÓO UJFOFO FO MPT BOÃMJTJT NFUBIJTUPSJPHSÃàDPT EF MB EJTDJQMJOB 4JO EVEBBMHVOB FTUFHJSPPWJSBKFIBDJBFMUFYUPZMBOBSSBDJÓOOP FT FYDMVTJWP EF MB EJTDJQMJOB IJTUPSJPHSÃàDB Z QVFEF NVZ CJFO TFSDBSBDUFSJ[BEPDPNPFMTÎOUPNBEFVOBNVUBDJÓOPGSBDUVSB FOFMQFOTBNJFOUPàMPTÓàDPZTPDJBMEFMTJHMPXXOMBIJTUPSJP- HSBGÎB TJOFNCBSHP FMHJSPMJOHÛÎTUJDPOPTÓMPIBTVQVFTUPVOB DSJTJTQBSBEJHNÃUJDBFOMBEJTDJQMJOB FOFMDBNQPEFQSPCMFNÃUJ- DBTRVFPSHBOJ[BCBOTVTPQFSBDJPOFTEFDPOPDJNJFOUP TJOPRVF BEFNÃTIBTVQVFTUPVOBHSBOBNFOB[BBMBJEFOUJEBEEJTDJQMJOBS EFMBIJTUPSJB*EFOUJEBEDPOTUJUVJEBBQBSUJSEFVOBGVFSUFBMJBO[B DPOMBTDJFODJBTTPDJBMFTTUBBMJBO[BDBCFSFDPSEBSMPQFSNJUJÓ FTUBCJMJ[BSMBJEFOUJEBEEJTDJQMJOBSEFMBIJTUPSJBDPNPjDJFODJB IJTUÓSJDBv BMFKÃOEPMB EF MB àMPTPGÎB MB MJUFSBUVSB Z MB àMPMPHÎB RVFBàOBMFTEFMTJHMP9*9QBSFDÎBODPOGPSNBSTVFTQBDJPOBUVSBM EFFOVODJBDJÓO-BQSPQJBEJTUJODJÓOFOUSFDJFODJBTOPNPUÊUJDBT Z DJFODJBT JEJPHSÃàDBT BDVÒBEB QPS FM OFPLBOUJTNP BMFNÃO EF àOFT EFM TJHMP 9*9 EB DVFOUB EF FTUB BMJBO[B QSJNJHFOJB FOUSF IJTUPSJBZIVNBOJEBEFTMJBO[BRVFGVFSPUBBNFEJBEPTEFMPT BÒPTDVBSFOUBEFMTJHMPQBTBEP BQBSUJSEFMBDSFDJFOUFIFHFNP- OÎBEFMBFTDVFMBEFAnnalesFOMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBNVOEJBM$BCF SFDPSEBSRVFFTUBIFHFNPOÎBFTUÃÎOUJNBNFOUFBTPDJBEBBMEFTB- SSPMMPRVFMBTDJFODJBTTPDJBMFTUVWJFSPOEVSBOUFFMDPSUPTJHMPXX ZRVFOPFTJOEJGFSFOUFBMQBQFMRVFFTUBTDJFODJBTCVTDBSPOKVHBS FOMBTHVFSSBTDVMUVSBMFTEFMTJHMP 4JFMTJHMPXXUFSNJOBDPOMBDBÎEBEFMNVSPEF#FSMÎO UBMZ DPNP BàSNB SJD )PCTCBXN P TJ QPS FM DPOUSBSJP FTUF TJHMP UFSNJOBDPOFMàOBMEFMBMBSHBEÊDBEBEFMPTTFTFOUB DPNPQJFO- TBOFOUSFPUSPT'SFESJD+BNFTPOZMBJO#BEJPV MPDJFSUPFTRVF DPJODJEFOUFNFOUFFMàOBMEFMTJHMPXXQBSFDFDPJODJEJSDPOFMàO EF MB NPEFSOJEBEUFOJÊOEPOPT B FTUB UFTJT QPESÎB BEWFSUJSTF RVFIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBNFOUFFMàOEFTJHMPTVQPOFVOBUSJQMFSVQUVSB FOFMPSEFOEFMQFOTBNJFOUPNPEFSOP3VQUVSBEFMBTBMJBO[BT RVFPSHBOJ[BSPOMBQSPEVDDJÓOEFDPOPDJNJFOUPDJFOUÎàDPFOMB 21
  • 23. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB NPEFSOJEBESVQUVSBEFMBTVOJEBEFTEFQSPEVDDJÓORVFPSHBOJ- [BSPOUBOUPMBEJWJTJÓOTPDJBMEFMUSBCBKPFOFMDBNQPDJFOUÎàDP DPNPMPTQSPDFTPTEFMFHJUJNBDJÓOEFMBQSPEVDDJÓOEFFTFDPOP- DJNJFOUPSVQUVSBEFMBDBEFOBEFDBUFHPSÎBTRVFFTUSVDUVSBCBO MBT QSPYJNJEBEFT Z EJTUBODJBT FOUSF QPEFS Z DPOPDJNJFOUP FO- USFSB[ÓOZFNBODJQBDJÓOTUBUSJQMFSVQUVSBQVFEFTFSUBNCJÊO BQSFIFOEJEBDPNPVOBNVUBDJÓOPUSBOTGPSNBDJÓO QFSPMPDJFS- UPFTRVFFMMBTFÒBMBVODBNCJPEFÊQPDBRVFIPZTFBTPDJBmZB TJOEJTDVTJÓOmDPOMBQPTUNPEFSOJEBE -JNJUBOEPFMBOÃMJTJTBMPSEFOEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB DBCFEFT- UBDBSRVFFMHJSPMJOHÛÎTUJDPFOMBEJTDJQMJOBDPJODJEFUFNQPSBM- NFOUFDPOFMàOEFTJHMPZDPOFMàOEFMBNPEFSOJEBEOFGFDUP QVFEFEFDJSTFRVFMPTPSÎHFOFTEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBQPTUNPEFSOB FTUÃOÎOUJNBNFOUFBTPDJBEPTBMBQVCMJDBDJÓOEFUSFTMJCSPTGVO- EBNFOUBMFTRVFUFOESÃOFGFDUPTEFWBTUBEPSFTTPCSFFMDBOPOEF MB SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO IJTUPSJBEPSB NPEFSOB 5SFT MJCSPT RVF EFTEF EJTUJOUPTQVOUPTEFWJTUBBCSJSÃOMBEJTDVTJÓOFQJTUFNPMÓHJDBEF MBIJTUPSJBOPTPMPBMBQSPCMFNÃUJDBEFMDBOPOIJTUPSJPHSÃàDP TJOPRVFBUSBWÊTEFFTUBQSPCMFNÃUJDB FOVOUSBCBKPEFQFSGPSB- DJÓOPEFDBQUVSBEFMFMFNFOUPJNQFOTBEPEFMBNJTNB BCSJSÃO EJDIB EJTDVTJÓO BM QSPCMFNB EF MB QSPEVDDJÓO EF WBMPS FO IJT- UPSJPHSBGÎB BMPRVFQPESÎBMMBNBSTFFMUSBCBKPEFWBMPSJ[BDJÓO IJTUPSJPHSÃàDBEFMPTPCKFUPTZMBUFNQPSBMJEBEMQSJNFSPEF FTUPTMJCSPTQFSUFOFDFB1BVM7FZOF ZMMFWBQPSUÎUVMPComment on écrit l’histoire. Essai d’epistémologie MTFHVOEPMJCSP GVF QVCMJDBEP FO JOHMÊT B DPNJFO[PT EF MPT BÒPT TFUFOUB Z FT PCSB EF VO IJTUPSJBEPS FTUBEPVOJEFOTF EF NFEJBOB FEBE DVZB UFTJT EPDUPSBM TF IBCÎB DFOUSBEP FO MPT QSPCMFNBT EFM QBQBEP SPNBOPEFDPNJFO[PTEFMTJHMP9** ZFOMBJOáVFODJBRVFàHVSBT DPNP#FSOBSEPEF$MBJSWBVYIBCÎBOUFOJEPFOMBSFGPSNBEFMB JHMFTJBSPNBOBMMJCSPFTMetahistory. The Historical Imagina-tion in Nineteenth-Century Europe ZTVBVUPS)BZEFO 8IJUF QFOBT DPO EPT BÒPT EF EJGFSFODJB QFSP FTDSJUP FO VO VOJWFSTPJOUFMFDUVBMQBSBMFMPBMEF)BZEFO8IJUF FMIJTUPSJBEPS ZQTJDPBOBMJTUBGSBODÊT .JDIFMEF$FSUFBV EBBMBTQSFOTBTFO 1BSÎT L’écriture de l’histoire -BQVCMJDBDJÓOEFFTUPTUSFT MJCSPTDPJODJEFDPOFMàOEFMBMBSHBEÊDBEBEFMPTBÒPTTFTFOUB FTEFDJS DPOFMUÊSNJOPEFMÙMUJNPDJDMPEFNPWJMJ[BDJPOFTZNP- 22
  • 24. Historiografía postmoderna WJNJFOUPTSFWPMVDJPOBSJPTRVFDJFSSBOFMTJHMPXXZMBNPEFSOJ- EBE3. %FBIÎRVFEFTEFDJFSUBQFSTQFDUJWBMBQVCMJDBDJÓOEFFTUPT USBCBKPTQVFEBMFFSTFDPNPBOUJDJQBEPSBEFVODBNCJPEFQBSB- EJHNBFOFMBOÃMJTJTEFMBUSBEJDJÓODSÎUJDB FTEFDJS DPNPUFYUPT RVF BTVNPEP CVTDBODPOEJWFSTBTIFSSBNJFOUBTBUSBWFTBSMB GBOUBTÎBJEFPMÓHJDBEFMBIJTUPSJBQBSBBEFOUSBSTFFOMPTNPEPT EFQSPEVDDJÓOZSFQSPEVDDJÓOEFTVSFQSFTFOUBDJÓO TUFNPWJNJFOUPOPFTVONPWJNJFOUPBJTMBEPFOMBEJTDJQMJ- OB QVFT QPESÎBBEWFSUJSTFRVFMPTPSÎHFOFTEFMB/VFWB)JTUPSJB FOQBÎTFTDPNP$IJMFP*OHMBUFSSB UJFOFDPNPQVOUPEFQBSUJEB MBNJTNBDBUÃTUSPGFIJTUÓSJDBRVFDBSBDUFSJ[ÓFTFTJHMPEFFYUSF- NPTSFMBUBEPQPS)PCTCBXN2VJ[ÃTMPEJTUJOUJWPEFFTUPTUSFT USBCBKPT EFTEFFMQVOUPEFWJTUBEFTVàMJBDJÓOJOUFMFDUVBM TFB MBJNQPSUBODJBRVFUVWPFODBEBVOPEFFMMPTMBPCSBEF.JDIFM 'PVDBVMU O FGFDUP FTUB BàSNBDJÓO FT WÃMJEB OP TÓMP QBSB MB PCSBEF1BVM7FZOF RVJFOEFTMVNCSBEPQPSFMQFOTBNJFOUPEF 'PVDBVMUFTDSJCJSÃBMHVOPTBÒPTNÃTUBSEF BQSPQÓTJUPEFMBQV- CMJDBDJÓOEFL’Archéologie du savoir VOFOTBZPUJUVMBEP Foucault révolutionne l’histoire4TJOPRVFUBNCJÊOQVFEFBQMJ- DBSTFDPOQSPQJFEBEBMUSBCBKPEF.JDIFMEF$FSUFBV PCSBRVF QVFEFMFFSTFDPNPVOEJÃMPHPJOJOUFSSVNQJEPDPOFMQFOTBNJFO- UPGPVDBVMUJBOPOFGFDUP ZBEFTEFFMQSJNFSZFYUFOTPDPNFO- UBSJPRVF%F$FSUFBVEFEJDBSBBLes mots et les choses IBTUB BRVFM UFYUP RVF FM IJTUPSJBEPS FTDSJCJFSB FO IPNFOBKF BM BNJHPEFTBQBSFDJEPBNFEJBEPTEFMPTBÒPTPDIFOUB5 TFPCTFSWB VOBQSFPDVQBDJÓOBGÎOQPSJOUFSSPHBSMBTQSÃDUJDBTZEJTQPTJUJWPT EFMBJOTUJUVDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSB QPSEFTDSJCJSMPTQSPHSBNBTEFQP- 3 'SFESJD+BNFTPO j1FSJPEJ[JOHUIFv The Ideologies of Theory: Essays 1971-1986 WPM The Syntax of History .JOOFBQPMJT 6OJWFSTJUZPG.JO- OFTPUB QQ 4 -BQSPYJNJEBEDPOMBTUFTJTGPVDBVMUJBOBTFTUBMRVF7FZOFBÒBEFBMBSF- FEJDJÓOEFTVPCSBEFCPMTJMMP FO FMFOTBZPFTDSJUPVOUJFNQPBOUFT TPCSF'PVDBVMU7ÊBTF 1BVM7FZOF j'PVDBVMUSÊWPMVUJPOOFMIJTUPJSFv Com-ment on écrit l’histoire 1BSÎT -F4FVJM 1PJOUTIJTUPJSF QQ TJNJTNP FT EF HSBO JOUFSÊT TV SFDJFOUF QSFTFOUBDJÓO EF 'PVDBVMU DPNP jun penseur sceptiquevM SFTQFDUP 1BVM7FZOF Foucault. Sa pensée, sa personne 1BSÎT MCJO.JDIFM 5 .JDIFMEF$FSUFBV j-FSJSFEF.JDIFM'PVDBVMUv Histoire et psychanalyse 1BSÎT ­EJUJPOT(BMMJNBSE QQ 23
  • 25. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB EFSZWFSEBERVFFTUBTQSÃDUJDBTBDUVBMJ[BOZMPTFGFDUPTRVFFTUPT QSPHSBNBTUJFOFOTPCSFMBWJEBZMPTDVFSQPT-BPCSBEF)BZEFO 8IJUF QPSPUSBQBSUF TJCJFOQPSNPNFOUPTQBSFDFPSHBOJ[BEBB QBSUJSEFVOBDPOWFSTBDJÓOBCJFSUBDPOMBHSBOUSBEJDJÓOFVSPQFB RVF WB EF7JDP B .BSY EF $SPDF B $PMMJOHXPPE EFVFSCB- DIB#BSUIFT JHVBMNFOUFQBSFDFJODPODFCJCMFTJOMBSFGFSFODJBBM NBSDPEFMBOÃMJTJTGPVDBVMUJBOP-PTMBSHPTFTUVEJPTRVF8IJUF DPOTBHSBB'PVDBVMUFOThe Content of the Form6ZFOTropics of Discourse7EBODVFOUBEFMBJNQPSUBODJBRVFFMàMÓTPGPGSBODÊT UJFOFFOFMQSPZFDUPUSPQPMÓHJDPEFMetahistoryTNÃT KVHBOEP VOQPDPDPOMPTTJHOJàDBOUFTZMPTEFTQMB[BNJFOUPT QPESÎBEF- DJSTFRVF'PVDBVMUSFQSFTFOUBQBSB8IJUFMBQPTJCJMJEBENFUPOÎ- NJDBEFVOQVOUPEFOPSFUPSOPFOFMBOÃMJTJTEFMBTQSÃDUJDBTEF MBJOTUJUVDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSB FMSFMFWPBQPUSPQBJDPRVFQFSNJUJSÎB JONVOJ[BSFMUSBCBKPEFEFDPOTUSVDDJÓOEFMBTFTUSBUFHJBTUFYUVB- MFTEFMBQSÃDUJDBIJTUPSJBEPSB GSFOUFBDVBMRVJFSUFOUBDJÓOEFMB EJTDJQMJOBQPSSFUPSOBSBMBDPODJFODJBIJTUÓSJDBEFMTJHMP9*9. -B SFMFWBODJB EFM NFUBUFYUP GPVDBVMUJBOP FO MBT USFT PCSBT TFÒBMBEBTTFBEWJFSUFDMBSBNFOUFFOMBjBQFSUVSBBSRVFPMÓHJDBv RVF MBT USFT PCSBT QPTJCJMJUBO B VO QSPHSBNB QPTUNPEFSOP EF EFDPOTUSVDDJÓO EF MB JOTUJUVDJÓO IJTUPSJBEPSB 4FB DVBM TFB TV BMDBODF TFB DVBMFT GVFSFO MPT GVOEBNFOUPT FOVODJBEPT FO FTF QSPHSBNBEFEFDPOTUSVDDJÓOEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB MPDJFSUPFTRVF TVEFTBSSPMMPIBQFSNJUJEPBEWFSUJSMBTMJNJUBDJPOFTEFUPEPUSB- CBKPDSÎUJDPBMJOUFSJPSEFMPRVF(BZBUSJ$IBLSBWPSUZ4QJWBLIB EFOPNJOBEPMBjNÃRVJOBQFEBHÓHJDBv OPUSBTQBMBCSBT FMDVFTUJPOBNJFOUPBMBJOTUJUVDJÓORVFTF BEJWJOBFOMBQSÃDUJDBEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBQPTUNPEFSOB FOUFO- EJEBFTUBDPNPQSÃDUJDBEFDPOTUSVDUJWB FTEFDJS DPNPQSÃDUJDB QBSBTJUBSJBZTVQMFNFOUBSJBBMPTEJTQPTJUJWPTEFTBCFSEJTDJQMJ- OBS OPUJFOFPUSBàOBMJEBERVFMBEFEFTNPOUBSMBTFTUSVDUVSBT EFQPEFSRVFPSHBOJ[BOMPTNPEPTEFFOVODJBDJÓOZEFSFQSFTFO- 6 )BZEFO 8IJUF j'PVDBVMUT %JTDPVSTF 5IF )JTUPSJPHSBQIZ PG OUJ)V- NBOJTNv The Content of the Form: Narrative Discourse and Historical Representation #BMUJNPSF 5IF+PIOT)PQLJOT6OJWFSTJUZ1SFTT QQ 104-141. 7 )BZEFO8IJUF j'PVDBVMU%FDPEFE/PUFTGSPN6OEFSHSPVOEv Tropics of Discourse. Essays in Cultural Criticism #BMUJNPSF 5IF+PIOT)PQLJOT6OJ- WFSTJUZ1SFTT QQ 24
  • 26. Historiografía postmoderna UBDJÓOEFMB)JTUPSJBTUPTEJTQPTJUJWPTOPTPMPFTUÃOGVOEBEPT FOSFMBDJPOFTEFQPEFSFKFSDJEBTDPOCSVUBMJEBEPSFàOBNJFOUPBM JOUFSJPSEFMBJOTUJUVDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSB TJOPRVF BEFNÃT PSHBOJ- [BOTVFàDBDJBBQBSUJSEFDJFSUBDFHVFSBTPCSFMPTQSPQJPTFGFDUPT QFSGPSNBUJWPTEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSBTUBBàSNBDJÓO PCMJHB B MFFS B 'PVDBVMU KVOUP DPO %FSSJEB8 YUSBÒB QPS FMMP RVF,FJUI+FOLJOT UBMWF[VOPEFMPTQSJODJQBMFTJNQVMTPSFTFO MFOHVB JOHMFTB EF VO QSPHSBNB EF IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB QPTUNPEFSOB HVBSEFTJMFODJPTPCSFMBJNQPSUBODJBEFMBPCSBGPVDBVMUJBOBFO MBSFEFàOJDJÓOEFMPTBOÃMJTJTEFMBTJOTUJUVDJPOFTZQSÃDUJDBTEFM TBCFS NPEFSOP9 TUF TJMFODJP TJOUPNÃUJDP EF DJFSUB MFDUVSB EF MBQSPCMFNÃUJDBQPTUNPEFSOBFOIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB QVFEFTFSJOUFS- QSFUBEP DPNP VOB DFHVFSB GSFOUF B MBT USBOTGPSNBDJPOFT EF MB SFMBDJÓOQPEFSDPOPDJNJFOUPFOFMDBNQPEFMBQPTUNPEFSOJEBE YQSFTBEPFOPUSPTUÊSNJOPT MPRVFWJFOFBTPNFUFSTFBVOBEF- DPOTUSVDDJÓOSBEJDBMFOMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBQPTUNPEFSOBOPFTTPMP MBQSPQJBOPDJÓOEF)JTUPSJB DPOTUJUVJEBÊTUBQPSGVFSBEFUPEP USBCBKPEFSFQSFTFOUBDJÓO TJOPRVFFTQPSTPCSFUPEPMBNBRVJ- OBSJB SFQSFTFOUBDJPOBM RVF PSHBOJ[B FM DVFSQP EF TBCFSFT EF MB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎBTUBEFDPOTUSVDDJÓOQBSBEÓKJDBNFOUFTVQPOFVOB IJTUPSJ[BDJÓOSBEJDBMEFMBTQSÃDUJDBTIJTUPSJBEPSBT EFMBTDBUF- HPSÎBTRVFMBDPOGPSNBO ZEFMKVFHPEFPQPTJDJPOFTZSFMBDJPOFT RVFPSHBOJ[BOFMUSBCBKPEFWBMPSJ[BDJÓOPEFDSFBDJÓOEFWBMPS FO MB JOTUJUVDJÓO IJTUPSJBEPSB 1VFT MB QSPQJB JEFB EF )JTUPSJB TVQPOFEFTEFVOQSJODJQJP VOQSPDFTPEFWBMPSJ[BDJÓOEFMBWJEB VOUSBCBKPEFDSFBDJÓOEFWBMPSRVFOPFTFYUFSOPBMBNÃRVJOB BOUSPQPHÊOJDBEFQSPEVDDJÓOEFMPIVNBOP 6OBOÃMJTJTEFDPOTUSVDUJWPEFMBTSFMBDJPOFTEFQPEFSZDP- OPDJNJFOUP BM JOUFSJPS EF MB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB SFRVJFSF QPS UBOUP FYBNJOBS FM UÎNQBOP RVF SFHVMB MP FOVODJBCMF Z MP BVEJCMF FO FMFTQBDJPEFMBEJTDJQMJOB DPNPEFTNPOUBSFMDPOKVOUPEFDBUF- HPSÎBTRVFPSHBOJ[BOFTFNJTNPUSBCBKPEFDSÎUJDBZBOÃMJTJT EF DMÎOJDBZFTDVDIB 8 (BZBUSJ$IBLSBWPSUZ4QJWBL j.PSFPO1PXFS,OPXMFEHFv Outside in the Teaching Machine -POESFT 3PVEUMFEHF Q 9 ,FJUI +FOLJOT Why History? Ethics and postmodernity -POESFT 3PVU- 25 MFEHF
  • 27. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB %FBIÎRVFMBNÃYJNBEFj`IJTUPSJ[BSTJFNQSFv Always his-toricize! RVF'SFESJD+BNFTPOQPQVMBSJ[BSBBDPNJFO[PTEFMPT BÒPT PDIFOUB EFM TJHMP QBTBEP10 OP TFB TVàDJFOUF BM NPNFOUP EF FOGSFOUBS MB DSJTJT DBUFHPSJBM EFM QFOTBNJFOUP IJTUÓSJDP NP- EFSOP Z EF MBT GPSNBT OBSSBUJWBT DMÃTJDBT RVF PSHBOJ[BCBO TV SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO O PUSBT QBMBCSBT MB IJTUPSJ[BDJÓO SBEJDBM QSP- QVFTUBQPS+BNFTPOEFCFOFDFTBSJBNFOUFTFSPCKFUPBTVWF[EF VO USBCBKP EF IJTUPSJ[BDJÓO SBEJDBM RVF CVTRVF JOUFSSVNQJS FM NJTNPUSBCBKPEFIJTUPSJ[BDJÓOSBEJDBMRVFMBEFNBOEBEFhis-torización TVQPOF TUF MMBNBEP B TBCPUFBS MB NÃRVJOB IJTUP- SJPHSÃàDB PCFEFDF B MB OFDFTJEBE EF QBSBMJ[BS P JOUFSSVNQJS FM USBCBKPSFQSFTFOUBDJPOBMEFMBJOTUJUVDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSB*OUFSSVQ- DJÓORVFTVSHFQSFDJTBNFOUFEFMBFYJHFODJBQPMÎUJDBEFTVTQFO- EFS MPT FGFDUPT OPSNBMJ[BEPSFT RVF MB SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO IJTUÓSJDB DPNQPSUBFODVBOUPPSEFOEFTJHOJàDBDJÓOQBSUJSEFMPEJDIP QVFEFBEWFSUJSTFRVFMBBUFODJÓOQSFEPNJOBOUFRVFMPTEFCBUFT IJTUPSJPHSÃàDPTBDUVBMFTEBOBMQSPCMFNBEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓO OPTPMPFTJOEJDBUJWBEFVOBDSJTJTEFMPTQBSBEJHNBTTFNJÓUJDPT DPORVFMBEJTDJQMJOBBDPTUVNCSBCBPSHBOJ[BSMBFYQFSJFODJBIJT- UÓSJDBNPEFSOB TJOPRVFFTUBBUFODJÓOFYBTQFSBEBFOUPSOPBMB SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO IJTUÓSJDB FT TÎOUPNB BEFNÃT EF VOB SVQUVSB EF MBQSPQJBFYQFSJFODJBNPEFSOB2VFFTUBSVQUVSBTFBQSPEVDUP EFUSBOTGPSNBDJPOFTUFMFUFDOPMÓHJDBTRVFBGFDUBOMBTNBOFSBTEF IBDFSZTFOUJS RVFFTUBSVQUVSBEÊDVFOUBEFVOBUSBOTGPSNBDJÓO FOFMNPEPEFQSPEVDDJÓOEFMBTIJTUPSJBT OPRVJFSFEFDJSPUSB DPTBRVFMBJOUFSQFOFUSBDJÓOFOUSFSB[ÓOEFMPTIFDIPTZSB[ÓO EFMBTIJTUPSJBTQSPQJBEFMBÊQPDBNPEFSOBIBMMFHBEPBTVàO MàOEFMBFYQFSJFODJBNPEFSOBSFBCSFMBWJFKBDVFTUJÓOEF MBTSFMBDJPOFTFOUSFBDPOUFDJNJFOUPFJOTDSJQDJÓO FOUSFMJUFSBSJF- EBE F IJTUPSJDJEBE : NÃT BNQMJBNFOUF FM àO EF MB FYQFSJFO- DJBNPEFSOBBEWJFSUFBMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBRVFMBMJUFSBSJFEBEFTMB DPOEJDJÓOBMNJTNPUJFNQPEFMBQSPEVDDJÓOEFMPTFOVODJBEPT MJUFSBSJPT Z EF MPT FOVODJBEPT IJTUPSJPHSÃàDPT -B QSÃDUJDB MJUF- SBSJB TVTSFWPMVDJPOFTQPÊUJDBTZTVTSVQUVSBTNPEFSOJTUBT OP EFàOFOTPMPFMSÊHJNFOEFMBQBMBCSBMJUFSBSJB TJOPRVFEFàOFO UBNCJÊO MPT SFHÎNFOFT EF JOUFOTJEBE TFOTJCMF MPT NBQBT EF MP 10 'SFESJD +BNFTPO The Political Unconscious *UIBDB $PSOFMM 6OJWFSTJUZ 26 1SFTT
  • 28. Historiografía postmoderna WJTJCMF MBTUSBZFDUPSJBTFOUSFMPWJTJCMFZMPEFDJCMF MBTSFMBDJP- OFTFOUSFMPTNPEPTEFTFS MPTNPEPTEFIBDFSZMPTNPEPTEF EFDJS11%FàOFO FOPUSPTUÊSNJOPT WBSJBDJPOFTEFJOUFOTJEBEFT TFOTJCMFT QFSDFQDJPOFTZDBQBDJEBEFTEFMPTDVFSQPT GPSNBTEF MPFOVODJBCMF-BJOTUJUVDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSB TJOEVEB TJFNQSFIB CVTDBEPJOEFQFOEJ[BSTFEFTVDPOEJDJÓOMJUFSBSJB TJFNQSFIBJO- UFOUBEPSFQVEJBSMBQBUFSOJEBERVFTPCSFFMMBFKFSDFMBMJUFSBUVSB 4JOFNCBSHP BUBEBBMBQBMBCSBZBMBQSPTBDPNPFTUÃ TVKFUB BVOEFUFSNJOBEPSÊHJNFOEFWFSEBERVFMFJNQPOFVONPEFMP OBSSBUJWP EF SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO IFSFEBEP EFM SFBMJTNP MJUFSBSJP EF MB HSBO OPWFMB EFM TJHMP 9*9 MB JOTUJUVDJÓO IJTUPSJBEPSB OP IB QPEJEP ZOPQVFEF EBSDVFOUBEFFTBSVQUVSBEFMBFYQFSJFODJB NPEFSOBRVFMBTUSBOTGPSNBDJPOFTTFNJÓUJDBTZUFMFUFDOPMÓHJDBT BEWJFSUFO-PTFKFNQMPTTFEFKBOWFSBRVÎZBMMÃ DPONPWJFOEPMB OPDJÓONJTNBEFjBDPOUFDJNJFOUPIJTUÓSJDPv QJFESBBOHVMBSEFM FEJàDJPEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBNPEFSOB y$ÓNPQVFEFFTUBSMBJOTUJUVDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSBSFUSBTBEBSFT- QFDUP EF TV QSPQJB NVFSUF y$ÓNP QVFEF MB QSÃDUJDB IJTUPSJP- HSÃàDBPSHBOJ[BSFMwakeEFTVFTDSJUVSB TJ BUVSEJEBQPSFMOVEP FOUSF MJUFSBSJFEBE Z BDPOUFDJNJFOUP OP MPHSB BEWFSUJS FM àO EF VOBQSÃDUJDBEFFTDSJUVSB 4FIBEJDIPRVFMBQPTUNPEFSOJEBETFDBSBDUFSJ[BQPSTFSFM jUJFNQPEFMPTNBOJàFTUPTv124JOEVEB MBBàSNBDJÓOEBDVFOUB EFMPTJOUFOUPTBDUVBMFTEFMBTQSÃDUJDBTDJFOUÎàDBTZQPMÎUJDBTQPS BQSFIFOEFSMBÊQPDB QPSBTJSMBTPNCSBRVFBDPNQBÒBMPDPO- UFNQPSÃOFP4JOEVEB MBNJTNBOPDJÓOEFj.BOJàFTUPvTFFO- DVFOUSBTVKFUBBRVÎBVOBUPSTJÓOSBEJDBM BVOBBMUFSBDJÓOFOTV GPSNBPMJUFSBSJFEBETJRVJFSFEBSDVFOUBEFMDBSÃDUFSFTQFDUSBMEF MPDPOUFNQPSÃOFP1VFTEFFTPTFUSBUB EFBTJSFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUP IJTUÓSJDP EFEBSDVFOUBEFÊMFOMBWJHJMJBEFMEVFMP 4J MB QPTUNPEFSOJEBE TF DBSBDUFSJ[B QPS MB QSPGVTJÓO EF à- MPTPGÎBT EFM BDPOUFDJNJFOUP FT QPSRVF MB NJTNB OPDJÓO EF BDPOUFDJNJFOUPRVFEFàOÎBMPNPEFSOPTFFODVFOUSBBMUFSBEBP DPONPWJEBFOMBFTQFDUSBMJEBEEFMQSFTFOUF:BTFEFàOBFMBDPO- 11 +BDRVFT3BODJÍSF Le partage du sensible 1BSÎT -B'BCSJRVF 12 )BZEFO8IJUF j.BOJGFTUP UJNFv ,FJUI +FOLJOT 4VF .PSHBOE BOEMVO .VOTMPX FET Manifestos for History -POESFT 3PVUMFEHF QQ 220-231. 27
  • 29. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB UFDJNJFOUP DPNP BMHP OP QSFTFOUF QFSP RVF CVTDB EBSTF FO MP RVFFTUÃQSFTFOUF ZBTFMPEFàOBDPNPDPOUSBSJPBMPTIFDIPT QFSPSFBMJ[ÃOEPTFFOFMMPT BERVJSJFOEPBDUVBMJEBEZQSFTFODJBFO FMMPT QFSPJOWBSJBCMFNFOUFEFGPSNBQSPWJTJPOBMZNPEJàDBCMF TJFNQSFTFUSBUBEFFMBCPSBSVODPODFQUPEFBDPOUFDJNJFOUPQPS GVFSBEFMBMFZEFMBUFNQPSBMJEBE EFVOBDPOUFDJNJFOUPTJFNQSF QPSWFOJS TJFNQSFTVTQFOEJEPFOFMNPNFOUPEFTVSFBMJ[BDJÓO -B BOHVTUJB RVF QSPEVDF MB SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO EFM BDPOUFDJNJFOUP FOMBQPTUNPEFSOJEBEFTUÃÎOUJNBNFOUFBTPDJBEBBMQSPCMFNBEF MBJOTDSJQDJÓOEFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUP BMBMJUFSBSJFEBEQPSWFOJSRVF PSHBOJ[BSÃMPTNPEPTEFTVSFQSFTFOUBDJÓO .ÃT BÙO DPNP FTDSJCF )BZEFO 8IJUF FOTropics of Dis-course FMBDPOUFDJNJFOUPIJTUÓSJDP USBEJDJPOBMNFOUFDPODFCJEP DPNPVOBDPOUFDJNJFOUPRVFGVFOPTPMPPCTFSWBCMFTJOPUBN- CJÊOPCTFSWBEP FTQPSEFàOJDJÓOVOBDPOUFDJNJFOUPRVFZBOPFT NÃTPCTFSWBCMFZ QPSUBOUP OPQVFEFTFSWJSDPNPPCKFUPEFVO DPOPDJNJFOUPUBOTFHVSPDPNPFMEFMPTBDPOUFDJNJFOUPTQSFTFO- UFT MPTDVBMFTBÙOQVFEFOTFSPCTFSWBEPT1FSPFTBRVÎ DPOUJOVB 8IJUF EPOEF MB EJTUJODJÓO FOUSF IFDIP Z BDPOUFDJNJFOUP EFCF TFSTVCSBZBEB-BOPDJÓOEFBDPOUFDJNJFOUPIJTUÓSJDPIBTVGSJ- EPVOBUSBOTGPSNBDJÓOSBEJDBMDPNPSFTVMUBEPEFMBPDVSSFODJB FOFMTJHMPXXEFBDPOUFDJNJFOUPTEFVOBMDBODF FTDBMBZQSP- GVOEJEBEJOJNBHJOBCMFTQBSBIJTUPSJBEPSFTEFPUSPTUJFNQPT%F JHVBMNPEP FMTJHMPXXIBTJEPUFTUJHPEFVOEFTNBOUFMBNJFOUP EFM DPODFQUP EF BDPOUFDJNJFOUP DPNP PCKFUP EF DPOPDJNJFOUP FTQFDÎàDBNFOUFDJFOUÎàDP13-BTUSBOTGPSNBDJPOFTUFMFUFDOPNF- EJÃUJDBTEFMBTPDJFEBEDPOUFNQPSÃOFBTVQPOFO OFDFTBSJBNFO- UF USBOTGPSNBDJPOFTPGSBDUVSBTJOJNBHJOBCMFTFOMPTNPEPTEF SFHJTUSP DPOTJHOBDJÓO àHVSBDJÓO MFDUVSBFJOUFSQSFUBDJÓOEFMPT BDPOUFDJNJFOUPT TUB BàSNBDJÓO JODVNCF QSJODJQBMNFOUF B MB IJTUPSJB TJTFIBEFBEWFSUJSRVFMBEJTDJQMJOBIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBOPFT TJOPFMSFTVMUBEPEFVOBSFWPMVDJÓOUFMFUFDOPNFEJÃUJDB 1PSPUSBQBSUF MBQSPQJBEJTUJODJÓOFOUSFMPTBTQFDUPTGFOP- NÊOJDPTEFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUP TVFYUFSJPS ZTVTFOUJEPPTJHOJàDB- EP TVJOUFSJPS IBTJEPTFSJBNFOUFDVFTUJPOBEBFOMBTEJTDVTJPOFT DPOUFNQPSÃOFBTMTJHOJàDBEPEFMPTBDPOUFDJNJFOUPTOPQVFEF 13 )BZEFO8IJUF Tropics of Discourse #BMUJNPSF +PIOT)PQLJOT6OJWFSTJUZ 28 1SFTT QQ
  • 30. Historiografía postmoderna EJTUJOHVJSTF EF TV PDVSSFODJB QFSP FTUB FT JOFTUBCMF áVJEB FT- QFDUSBM5BO FTQFDUSBM DPNP FM NPWJNJFOUP FO DÃNBSB MFOUB FM ÃOHVMPJOWFSTP FMzoomZMBSFJUFSBDJÓOEFMBTSFQSFTFOUBDJPOFT FOWJEFPEFMBUBRVFBMBT5PSSFT(FNFMBTFO/VFWB:PSLPEFM CPNCBSEFPBM1BMBDJPEFMB.POFEBFO4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 4J FTUB EFTNBUFSJBMJ[BDJÓO EFM BDPOUFDJNJFOUP NPEFSOP FT BOÃMPHBBMBEFTNBUFSJBMJ[BDJÓOEFMBPCSBEFBSUF TJFMMBFTQSP- EVDUP EF MBT USBOTGPSNBDJPOFT UFMFUFDOPMÓHJDBT Z EF MBT USBOT- GPSNBDJPOFT FO MB MJUFSBSJFEBE RVF MB MJUFSBUVSB BEFMBOUB DPNP SÊHJNFOEFMPTFOTJCMF FTBMHPRVFBÙOFTUÃQFOEJFOUFFOMBEJTDV- TJÓO4JOEVEB FO$IJMFMPTBDUVBMFTEFCBUFTTPCSFMBTSFMBDJPOFT FOUSF BSUF QPMÎUJDB F IJTUPSJB TPCSF MB SFMBDJÓO FOUSF BDPOUFDJ- NJFOUPFJOTDSJQDJÓO TJUPEBWÎBDBCFIBCMBSFOFTUPTUÊSNJOPT UJFOFO QPS DFOUSP FTUBT DVFTUJPOFT14 2VJ[Ã QPS FMMP DPOWFOHB USBFSBMBNFNPSJBVODPNFOUBSJPEF8JMMZ5IBZFSTPCSFFMBDPO- UFDJNJFOUPFOFMUJFNQPUFMFUFDOPNFEJÃUJDPEFMBFTQFDUSBMJEBE EFM QSFTFOUF j-B GPUPHSBGÎB DPO RVF FM OÙNFSP FTQFDJBM EF El MercurioEFMEFTFQUJFNCSFEFMIJ[PDJSDVMBS VOBWF[ NÃT MBJNBHFOUFMFEJHJUBMEFMDJFMPEF/VFWB:PSLRVFNBOEPMBT QBOUBMMBTZMBTQPSUBEBTEFMQMBOFUB JNBHFORVFEVSBOUFUPEPFTF BÒPOPEFKBNPTEFWFSVOBZPUSBWF[FOMB57EFMFTDBQBSBUFP EFMSFTUBVSBOUF PFOFMTPGÃEFMBDBTB PFOMBJNBHJOBDJÓOUBM GPUPHSBGÎBOPDJUBUBOUPFMFTUBMMJEPEFMBTUPSSFT TJOPFMFWFOUPEF TVNFEJBDJÓO FMBDPOUFDJNJFOUPDPNPNFEJBDJÓO MBNFEJBDJÓO DPNPBDPOUFDJNJFOUP w TUPOPRVJFSFEFDJSRVFZBOPIBZ NÃTBDPOUFDJNJFOUPBMRVFEBSÊTUFTVCTVNJEPFOMBNFEJBDJÓO 2VJFSFEFDJSRVFMBNFEJBDJÓOBDPOUFDF OPDFTBEFBDPOUFDFS OP EFKBEFDPJODJEJSMBNFEJBDJÓOFOFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUPZFMBDPOUF- DJNJFOUPFOMBNFEJBDJÓOv15. -PTQSPCMFNBTPBQPSÎBTRVFFTUBTDVFTUJPOFTQMBOUFBOBMB EJTDJQMJOB PCMJHBBIJTUPSJBEPSFTFIJTUPSJBEPSBTBSFJOJDJBSVOB DPOGSPOUBDJÓO DSÎUJDB DPO FM DPOKVOUP EF MB USBEJDJÓO IJTUPSJP- HSÃàDBPDDJEFOUBMTUBDPOGSPOUBDJÓOOFDFTBSJBNFOUFTJUÙBBMB 14 /FMMZ3JDIBSE Fracturas de la memoria #VFOPTJSFT 4JHMP99*EJUPSFT .JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB Modernismos historiográficos 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 1BMJOPEJB 8JMMZ5IBZFS Tecnologías de la crítica 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF EJDJPOFT.FUBMFTQFTBEPT 15 8JMMZ5IBZFS El fragmento repetido 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF EJDJPOFT.FUBMFT 29 QFTBEPT QQ
  • 31. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB FO VO FTQBDJP EF JOUFSSPHBDJÓO QPTUNPEFSOP ZB TFFOUJFOEBFTUBEFTJHOBDJÓOFOUÊSNJOPTQPTUOBDJPOBMFT FOVOB DMBWFEFMFDUVSBDFSDBOBB+FBO'SBOÉPJT-ZPUBSEPB'SFESJD+B- NFTPO PZBTFMBFOUJFOEBFOUÊSNJOPTQPTUDPMPOJBMFTPEFDPMP- OJBMFT FOVOBMÎOFBEFMFDUVSBRVFFODVFOUSBFOMPTUSBCBKPTEF (BZBUSJ $IBLSBWPSUZ 4QJWBL Z8BMUFS .JHOPMP EPT GVFOUFT EF QPTJDJPOBNJFOUPDFOUSBMFT 4FUSBUBFOPUSPTUÊSNJOPTEFJOTJTUJSFOSFNBSDBSFMHJSPDSÎ- UJDP RVF BGFDUB IPZ B MB EJTDJQMJOB FO BEWFSUJS DÓNP FTUF HJSP DSÎUJDP USBTUPDB Z TVCWJFSUF MPT DJNJFOUPT NJTNPT EFM PSEFO EF TVEJTDVSTP16TUFHJSPDSÎUJDPFOFMQFOTBNJFOUPIJTUPSJPHSÃàDP DPOUFNQPSÃOFP UJFOF QVOUPT EF QBSUJEB NÙMUJQMFT àMJBDJPOFT Z MFHBEPTBBNCPTMBEPTEFMUMÃOUJDP FOFM/PSUFZFOFM4VS FO VSPQB TJB ¦GSJDBZNÊSJDB-BUJOB1PSMBNJTNBSB[ÓO QVF- EF PCTFSWBSTF RVF DVBMRVJFS USBEJDJÓO DSÎUJDB QPESÎB FWFOUVBM- NFOUFTFSWJSEFQVOUPEFQBSUJEBEFMBDSÎUJDBEJTDJQMJOBS DPOUBM RVFFTUFQVOUPEFQBSUJEBTFBDBQB[EFJOUFSSPHBSZDPONPWFSMB JOGSBFTUSVDUVSB DPODFQUVBM Z NFUBGÓSJDB RVF PSHBOJ[B MBT PQF- SBDJPOFT EF DPOPDJNJFOUP EF MB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB NPEFSOB :B TF UPNFDPNPSFGFSFODJBBMBTUSBEJDJPOFTEFMQPTUFTUSVDUVSBMJTNP GSBODÊTZFTUBEPVOJEFOTF ZBTFUPNFDPNPQVOUPEFJOáFYJÓOEF MBBDUVBMEJTDVTJÓOIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBMBDSÎUJDBEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓO IJTUÓSJDB RVFUFÓSJDBTDPNP/FMMZ3JDIBSEP#FBUSJ[4BSMPIBO WFOJEP EFTBSSPMMBOEP EF MBT QSÃDUJDBT DVMUVSBMFT MBUJOPBNFSJDB- OBT EFTEF NFEJBEPT EF MPT BÒPT PDIFOUB17 TJFNQSF TF USBUB EF JOUFSSPHBSMPTFGFDUPTEFSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOEFMBSB[ÓOIJTUÓSJDB MPT NPEPTEFQSPEVDDJÓOZSFQSPEVDDJÓOEFTVTQPMÎUJDBTEFJOUFS- QSFUBDJÓO OTÎOUFTJT QPESÎBEFDJSTFRVFCBKPMBEFTJHOBDJÓOEFIJTUP- SJPHSBGÎB QPTUNPEFSOB OP TF CVTDB PUSB DPTB RVF QSFTFOUBS VO BNQMJPFTQFDUSPEFUSBCBKPTRVFUJFOFOÙOJDBNFOUFFODPNÙOMB JEFBEFRVFFTQSFDJTPBCBOEPOBS EFVOBWF[QPSUPEBT FMQSP- HSBNBNJNÊUJDPFOIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBTUFBCBOEPOPTVQPOFBCSB- 16 -VJT(EF.VTTZ FE Balance historiográfico chileno. El orden del discur-so y el giro crítico actual 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF EJDJPOFT'JOJT5FSSBF 17 1BSBFTUBDSÎUJDB WÊBTF /ÊTUPS(BSDÎB$BODMJOJ jTUVEJPT$VMUVSBMFTyVO TBCFS FO FTUBEP EF EJDDJPOBSJP v /FMMZ 3JDIBSE FE En torno a los es-tudios culturales. Localidades, trayectorias y disputas 4BOUJBHP EF $IJMF $-$40EJUPSJBM3$*4 QQ 30
  • 32. Historiografía postmoderna [BSDJFSUPmodernismo historiográfico NPEFSOJTNPRVFQPOESÎB FO DPOUBDUP B MB EJTDJQMJOB IJTUÓSJDB DPO MBT BSUFT WJTVBMFT Z MB MJUFSBUVSB DPOFMDJOFZMPTNFEJPT DPOMBTJNÃHFOFTZMPTEJT- QPTJUJWPTNFEJBMFTTUFDPOUBHJP RVFOPFTPUSBDPTBRVFMBFO- USBEBEFMBEJTDJQMJOBFOFMTJHMP99* PUSPNPEPEFQMBOUFBSFM MMBNBEPEF*NNBOVFM8BMMFSTUFJOBJNQFTBSMBTDJFODJBTTPDJBMFT FT EFDJS B TBDBSMBT EFM TJHMP 9*9 EFNBOEB FM FKFSDJDJP EF VOB QSÃDUJDB BQPSÊUJDB B MB WF[ JOEJTDJQMJOBEB Z EJTDJQMJOBS SBEJDBM ZDPOTFSWBEPSB FYQFSJNFOUBMZUSBEJDJPOBM1SÃDUJDBEFMBBQP- SÎB EFVOQBTPJNQPTJCMFRVFFOFMFYUSFNPEFTVFKFSDJDJP FO FMFYUSFNJTNPEFTVSBEJDBMJEBE QFSNJUJSÎBBCSJSMBEJTDJQMJOBB UPEPBRVFMMPRVFFOTVUSBEJDJÓOJNQJEFMBTNVUBDJPOFT MPTFO- HFOESPT MBNPOTUSVPTJEBE MBTNFUBNPSGPTJT -B BàSNBDJÓO EF VOB SFUÓSJDB EF MB GPSNB EF VO EFWFOJS cyborg IJTUPSJPHSÃàDP FT MB BàSNBDJÓO EF VOB USBOTGPSNBDJÓO ZB FO DVSTP FO MB EJTDJQMJOB FT MB BDFQUBDJÓO EFM DBNCJP EFM DBNCJPSBEJDBM DPNPWFDUPSQFSGPSNÃUJDPEFMBQSÃDUJDBIJTUP- SJPHSÃàDBTUBBàSNBDJÓOFTUÃFOMBTBOUÎQPEBTEFBRVFMMBTSFWJ- TJPOFTDPTNÊUJDBTEFMBIJTUPSJB DPOTJTUFOUFTFOBHSFHBSOVFWPT DBNQPTEFJOWFTUJHBDJÓOPOVFWBTGPSNBTEFQSFTFOUBDJÓOBMPT QSPDFEJNJFOUPT Z MBT QSÃDUJDBT FTUBCMFDJEBT EF MB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB USBEJDJPOBMPDPOWFODJPOBMOPQPTJDJÓOBMPRVFQVFEBOQFOTBS IJTUPSJBEPSFT QSPGFTJPOBMFT EF UFOEFODJB DPOTFSWBEPSB FO FQJT- UFNPMPHÎB DPNP (BCSJFM 4BMB[BS $SJTUJÃO (B[NVSJ P .BOVFM 7JDVÒB FTUBNVUBDJÓOEJTDJQMJOBSOPTVQPOFVOBNPEFSOJ[BDJÓO EF MB EJTDJQMJOB VOB QSPGFTJPOBMJ[BDJÓO EF TVT QSÃDUJDBT P VOB QSPZFDDJÓO EF jSFTQPOTBCJMJEBE TPDJBMv FO TV RVFIBDFS IJTUP- SJPHSÃàDP18.VDIPNFOPTTVQPOFSFQSPEVDJSWJFKBTGPSNBTEF IBDFSIJTUPSJBFOOVFWPTGPSNBUPTNFEJBMFT DPNPBMHVOPTIJT- UPSJBEPSFTSFDJFOUFNFOUFIBODSFÎEPBàSNBSDPODJFSUPPSHVMMP 5BNQPDPTFUSBUBEFVODBNCJPEFFTDBMBFOMPTNPEPTEFPSHB- 18 -BJEFBEFVOQSPHSBNBEFSFTQPOTBCJMJEBETPDJBMFIJTUÓSJDBQBSBMBEJT- DJQMJOB FO UBOUP jDJFODJB TPDJBMv TF SFWFMB QSPGVOEBNFOUF DPOTFSWBEPSB BMOPDVFTUJPOBSFMTVQVFTUPBOUSPQPMÓHJDPRVFMBSJHFZEFUFSNJOB MBJEFB EFIVNBOJEBE ZBMOPSFWJTBSDSÎUJDBNFOUFMPTEJTQPTJUJWPTJOTUJUVDJPOBMFT RVFMBTPQPSUBO6OàFMSFQSFTFOUBOUFEFFTUBQPTJDJÓODPOTFSWBEPSBFOMB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎBDIJMFOBFT(BCSJFM4BMB[BS7ÊBTF (4BMB[BS j)JTUPSJPHSBGÎB DIJMFOBTJHMP99*USBOTGPSNBDJÓO SFTQPOTBCJMJEBE QSPZFDDJÓOv -VJT(EF .VTTZ FE Balance historiográfico chileno PQDJU QQ 31
  • 33. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB OJ[BSZSFQSFTFOUBSMBQSÃDUJDBIJTUPSJPHSÃàDB QVFT FTUFDBNCJP EF FTDBMB BM OP DVFTUJPOBS MBT QPMÎUJDBT EF FONBSDBNJFOUP RVF EFUFSNJOBOMBQSPEVDDJÓOEFMDPOPDJNJFOUPIJTUÓSJDP EFKBàOBM- NFOUFJOUBDUPFMOÙDMFPDPODFQUVBMZNFUBGÓSJDPRVFPSHBOJ[ÓFO MBNPEFSOJEBEMBQSÃDUJDBZMBUFPSÎBIJTUPSJPHSÃàDB19. 4J MBT USBOTGPSNBDJPOFT FO FM PSEFO EFM EJTDVSTP EF MB EJT- DJQMJOB DPOTUJUVZFO EFTQMB[BNJFOUPT P SVQUVSBT FO VO EFUFSNJ- OBEPTJTUFNBEFDMBTJàDBDJÓOZSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOIJTUÓSJDB TJFTUBT SVQUVSBT P EFTQMB[BNJFOUPT CVTDBO SFEFàOJS JODFTBOUFNFOUF FM SÊHJNFOEFWJTJCJMJEBEEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSB QPESÎB BEWFSUJSTF FOUPODFT RVFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBQPTUNPEFSOBOPCVTDB TJOPMMBNBSMBBUFODJÓOTPCSFMBTQPMÎUJDBTEFFONBSDBNJFOUPZ SFFONBSDBNJFOUPEFMBEJTDJQMJOBIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBQBSBJOUFSSVN- QJSMBT EFàOJUJWBNFOUF 4J MBT USBOTGPSNBDJPOFT FO MB EJTDJQMJOB QVFEFO TFS WJTUBT DPNP jTBMJEBT EF NBSDPv DPNP RVJFCSFT Z GSBDUVSBTFOMPTTJTUFNBTEFSFGFSFODJBDPORVFMPTIJTUPSJBEPSFT ZMBTIJTUPSJBEPSBTBDPTUVNCSBOSFQSFTFOUBSFMNVOEP MPTmo-dernismos historiográficosQPSWFOJSEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBQPTUNP- EFSOB QVFEFO TFS EFTDSJUPT FOUPODFT BOÃMPHBNFOUF DPNP VO DPOKVOUPTPTUFOJEPEFFTGVFS[PTQPSWPMWFSBJOUFSSPHBSSBEJDBM- NFOUFMBIJTUPSJDJEBEEFMBIJTUPSJBOPUSBTQBMBCSBT TJOPN- CSFTQSPQJPTDPNP)BZEFO8IJUF 'SBOLOLFSTNJUZ.JDIFMEF $FSUFBV JNQPOFO B MB EJTDJQMJOB VOB SFáFYJÓO TPCSF FMmedio FTUPFT TPCSFMBFTDSJUVSBZFMUFYUPIJTUÓSJDP FMQSPQJPEFWFOJS EFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBQPTUNPEFSOBQBSFDFSÎBJNQPOFSOVFWBTSF- MBDJPOFTBOBMÓHJDBT OVFWPTDPOUBHJPT OVFWPTQVOUPTEFGVHBT OVFWPT SFQBSUPT Z USBZFDUPSJBT EF MP TFOTJCMFTÎ TJ MB QSPCMF- NÃUJDB EF MB jTBMJEB EF NBSDPv FO IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB SFNJUÎB FO MB NPEFSOJEBEBMBJEFBEFSFWPMVDJPOFTIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBT BEFTDSJCJS OVFWBTPQFSBDJPOFTEFEFTFONBSDBNJFOUPZSFFONBSDBNJFOUP EF MB SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO IJTUPSJBEPSB Z QPS MP UBOUP B JEFOUJàDBS USBOTGPSNBDJPOFTQPMÎUJDBTFOMBQSPQJBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOIJTUÓSJDB MBQSPCMFNÃUJDBEFMNBSDPFOMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBQPTUNPEFSOBSF- 19 1BSB VOB EFDPOTUSVDDJÓO EF MB USBEJDJÓO FQJTUFNPMÓHJDB EPNJOBOUF FO MB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎBNPEFSOB .JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB Posthistoria. Historiografía y comunidad 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 1BMJOPEJB -VJT(EF.VTTZ j)JTUP- SJPHSBGÎBT DPNQBSBEBT MAUPUBM DFSP EF MB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB DIJMFOB BDUVBMv ARBOR. Ciencia, pensamiento y cultura $-999*** /ž .BESJE QQ 32
  • 34. Historiografía postmoderna NJUJSÎB FODBNCJP BMBTVTQFOTJÓOEFUPEPNBSDPEFSFQSFTFOUB- DJÓOIJTUÓSJDBTUBTVTQFOTJÓOPJOUFSSVQDJÓOEFMBQSPCMFNÃUJDB EFMNBSDPFOIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBSFQFUJSÎB BMUFSÃOEPMB MBQSPCMFNÃ- UJDBEFMBQJOUVSBEFMTJHMPQBTBEP%FBIÎRVFTJMBQSFHVOUBQPS FMmedioFOQJOUVSBGVFFMNFEJPRVFMBEJTDJQMJOBEFMDBCBMMFUF TF EJP B TÎ NJTNB QBSB TBMJS EFM NBSDP Z EF MB SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO QJDUÓSJDB QVFEFEFDJSTFEFJHVBMNBOFSBRVFMBQSFHVOUBQPSFM medioFOIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBTFSÃFMNFEJPRVFMBEJTDJQMJOBTFEBSÃB TÎNJTNBQBSBBCBOEPOBSFMQSPHSBNBNJNÊUJDPZBUSFWFSTFEF VOBWF[QPSUPEBTBDPSUFKBSTVQSPQJPàO-BDSJTJTEFMBQJOUVSB EFDBCBMMFUFEFMBRVFEBDVFOUB$MFNFOU(SFFOCFSHBàOFTEFMPT BÒPTDVBSFOUBEFMTJHMPQBTBEP20 GVFBMNJTNPUJFNQPVOFTGVFS- [PEFTFTQFSBEPEFMPTBSUJTUBTQPSMMFWBSBTVTMÎNJUFTMBTQSPQJF- EBEFTEFQMBOJUVEZGSPOUBMJEBEEFMBQJOUVSBCJEJNFOTJPOBM3F- TVMUBFWJEFOUFRVFFMDPMPSZMBQJODFMBEBTFWVFMWFOJNQPSUBOUFT FOQJOUVSBTPMPDVBOEPFMJMVTJPOJTNPSFUSPDFEJÓDPNPPCKFUJWP EFMBQJOUVSBZMBNJNFTJTSFUSPDFEJÓDPNPUFPSÎBEFàOJUPSJBEFM BSUF¼OJDBNFOUFDVBOEPMBQJOUVSBFOTÎNJTNBMMFHÓBTFSVO àONÃTRVFVONFEJP ZDVBOEPMBQJODFMBEBJOEJDÓRVFTFEFCÎB NJSBSMBQJOUVSBBOUFTRVFNJSBSBUSBWÊTEFFMMB FOFMTFOUJEPFO RVFjBUSBWÊTEFvJNQMJDBUSBOTQBSFODJB MBQJOUVSBTFMJCFSÓEF MBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOZTFWPMWJÓBCTUSBDUBFOVOTFOUJEPNBUFSJBMJT- UB-BHÊOFTJTEFMPBCTUSBDUPFOMBQJOUVSBNPEFSOJTUBFTBTÎMB HÊOFTJT EF MP BCTUSBDUP NBUFSJBM EPOEF MBT QSPQJFEBEFT GÎTJDBT EFMBQJOUVSBmTVGPSNB TVTVQFSàDJFQMBOB flat surface TVNB- UFSJBmTFWVFMWFOMBFTFODJBJOFWJUBCMFEFMBQJOUVSBDPNPBSUF21. SUIVS%BOUPIBPCTFSWBEP DPODJFSUBTPSQSFTB RVFFMMFHBEP EFMNPEFSOJTNPTFIBJEFOUJàDBEPFOUJFNQPTSFDJFOUFTDPOjMB NVFSUF EF MB QJOUVSBv TUB JEFOUJàDBDJÓO OP FT B[BSPTB QVFT FMMBOPFYQSFTBTJOPDPOPUSBTQBMBCSBTMBSFWPMVDJÓONFEJBMRVF 20 $MFNFOU(SFFOCFSH j5IF$SJTJTPGUIFBTFM1JDUVSFv The Collected Essays and Criticism WPM Arrogant Purpose, 1945-1949 $IJDBHP 5IF6OJWFS- TJUZPG$IJDBHP1SFTT QQ1BSBVOBFYQPTJDJÓODSÎUJDBEFMBT UFTJTEF(SFFOCFSH WÊBTF SUIVS%BOUP j.PEFSOJTNBOEUIF$SJUJRVFPG 1VSFSU5IF)JTUPSJDBM7JTJPOPG$MFNFOU(SFFOCFSHv After the End of Art. Contemporary Art and the Pale of History 1SJODFUPO 1SJODFUPO6OJ- WFSTJUZ1SFTT QQ 21 SUIVS %BOUP j.PEFSOJTN BOE UIF $SJUJRVF PG 1VSFSU5IF )JTUPSJDBM 7JTJPOPG$MFNFOU(SFFOCFSHv After the End of Art PQDJU Q 33
  • 35. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB BGFDUBIPZBMBQJOUVSBZBMBTBSUFTWJTVBMFTZ QPSFYUFOTJÓO BMB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎBZMBTEJTDJQMJOBTTPDJBMFT OVOFTGVFS[PQPSEFTBSSPMMBSVOBOÃMJTJTEFMUFYUPIJTUÓSJDP DPNPUPUBMJEBEEFTFOUJEP 'SBOLOLFSTNJUIBQSPQVFTUPFYB- NJOBSSFDJFOUFNFOUFMBOBSSBDJÓOIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBEFTEFMBQFST- QFDUJWBEFMBTBSUFTWJTVBMFT EJGFSFODJBOEPBTÎFMBOÃMJTJTQJDUÓ- SJDPEFMUFYUPEFVOBOÃMJTJTMJUFSBSJPDFOUSBEPFOMBTFTUSVDUVSBT EFTJHOJàDBDJÓOEFMBOBSSBDJÓO1BSBFMMP EJTUJOHVFFMTJHOJàDB- EPjJOUFHSBMvEFMUFYUPIJTUPSJPHSÃàDPEFMTJHOJàDBEPQBSDJBMEF DBEB VOB EF TVT PSBDJPOFT P FTUSVDUVSBT WFSCBMFT %F BDVFSEP BFTUBEJTUJODJÓO FMTJHOJàDBEPJOUFHSBMEFMUFYUPDPOTUJUVJSÎBMB jTVTUBODJBOBSSBUJWBvEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOIJTUÓSJDB FTUBTVTUBO- DJBWFOESÎBBTFSVOanalogonEFTJHOJàDBDJÓOEFMBQJOUVSBO QBMBCSBTEFOLFSTNJU jZBRVFMBTVTUBODJBOBSSBUJWBDPNPTJH- OPEF VOBQBSUFEF MBSFBMJEBEIJTUÓSJDBFTFYQSFTBEBTPMPFO FMUFYUPIJTUÓSJDPUPUBM MBQSFHVOUBQPSMBAEFOTJEBEEFMTJTUFNB EFTJHOJàDBDJÓOIJTUÓSJDPOPFTVOBQSFHVOUBQPSMBSFMBDJÓOFO- USF EJTUJOUPT FMFNFOUPT EF VO NJTNP UFYUP IJTUÓSJDP TJOP VOB QSFHVOUBQPSFMVOJWFSTPOBSSBUJWPEFMUFYUPMFRVJWBMFOUFIJT- UPSJPHSÃàDPEFMPTTJHOPTQJDUÓSJDPTRVFDPNQPOFOMBQJOUVSBFT FMUFYUPIJTUÓSJDPJOUFHSBMv22MHJSPJOUSPEVDJEPEFFTUFNPEP FOMBUFPSÎBIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBPCMJHBSÎBBFYBNJOBSMBIJTUPSJBEFMB SFQSFTFOUBDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSBBMBMV[EFMBIJTUPSJBEFMBSFQSFTFO- UBDJÓO QJDUÓSJDB %JDIP FYBNFO EFCFSÎB QPOFS FO FM DFOUSP EFM BOÃMJTJTMBTOPDJPOFTEFjUFYUPvZjDVBESPvDPOUJOVBNFOUFWJO- DVMBEBTBFTBTIJTUPSJBTEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOTÎ ZBDPHJFOEPMB SFUÓSJDBEFMNBSDPRVFFTUBTIJTUPSJBTEFKBOFOUSFWFS MBIJTUPSJB EFMBQJOUVSBTFSÎBJOEJDBUJWBEFMBIJTUPSJBEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB: NÃTBÙO FMNJTNPDVFTUJPOBNJFOUPEFMDVBESPDPNPFTRVFNB QSPEVDUJWPEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOQJDUÓSJDBQPESÎBTFÒBMBSTFBRVÎ DPNPJOEJDBUJWPEFVODVFTUJPOBNJFOUPTJNJMBSEFMBOPDJÓOEF UFYUPDPNÙONFOUFBTPDJBEBBMBMÓHJDBEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOIJT- UPSJBEPSB 22 'SBOL OLFSTNJU j4UBUFNFOUT 5FYUT BOE 1JDUVSFTv 'SBOL OLFSTNJU Z )BOT ,FMMOFS FET A New Philosophy of History $IJDBHP 5IF 6OJWFS- TJUZ PG $IJDBHP 1SFTT QQ 'SBOL OLFSTNJU Experiencia histórica sublime 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 1BMJOPEJB 34
  • 36. Historiografía postmoderna QFTBSEFMBTJMVNJOBEPSBTDPOFYJPOFTRVFQSPNFUFFMBOÃ- MJTJT EFOLFSTNJU FTUF FO ÙMUJNB JOTUBODJB EFCF TFS TVQFSBEP QVFT OPBEWJFSUFDPODMBSJEBEMBTDPOTFDVFODJBTRVFFMHJSPBCT- USBDUPNBUFSJBMUFOESÎBQBSBMBQJOUVSBZMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBOMB QJOUVSBMBTDPOTFDVFODJBTEFFTUFHJSPZBIBOTJEPBNQMJBNFOUF TFÒBMBEBTZEJTDVUJEBT BMQVOUPEFRVFSUIVS%BOUPIBMMFHBEP BBTPDJBSFMTVSHJNJFOUPEFMNPEFSOJTNPFOMBQJOUVSBDPOjMB NVFSUFEFMBQJOUVSBvOIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB FNQFSP MBTDPOTFDVFO- DJBTEFMHJSPIBDJBMBBCTUSBDDJÓOZMBNBUFSJBMJEBEBÙOOPIBO TJEPTVàDJFOUFNFOUFUFNBUJ[BEBTFOMPTEFCBUFTEFMBQSÃDUJDBZ MBUFPSÎBIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBTUPTEFCBUFTTJCJFOFTUÃOÎOUJNBNFOUF BTPDJBEPTBMBSFWPMVDJÓONFEJBMFODVSTP ZBMBBUFODJÓOSFOP- WBEB RVF MBT USBOTGPSNBDJPOFT UFMFUFDOPMÓHJDBT QSPEVDFO FO MB JEFB EF IJTUPSJB EFM QFOTBNJFOUP IJTUPSJPHSÃàDP NPEFSOP BÙO OPQFSDJCFOMPTRVJFCSFTFQJTUFNPMÓHJDPTRVFTVQPOFJOUFSSPHBS FMUFYUPZMBFTDSJUVSBFOIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB 4JO EVEB BMHVOB FM àO EFM QSPHSBNB NJNÊUJDP UFSNJOBSÃ UBSEFPUFNQSBOP QPSQPOFSFOFMDFOUSPEFMBEJTDVTJÓOIJTUPSJP- HSÃàDBMBIJTUPSJDJEBEEFMBIJTUPSJBTUBQSFHVOUBSFOPWBEBQPS MBIJTUPSJDJEBEEFMBEJTDJQMJOBFTVOBEFMBTDPOTFDVFODJBTNÃT WJTJCMFTEFMHJSPBCTUSBDUPNBUFSJBMFOIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB HJSPRVFBM DPMPDBSFOFMGPOEPEFMBEJTDVTJÓOMBNBUFSJBMJEBEEFMBTQSÃD- UJDBTEFMBJOTUJUVDJÓOIJTUPSJBEPSB BMJOUFSSPHBSQBDJFOUFNFOUF MPTFGFDUPTRVFFTUBTQSÃDUJDBTQSPEVDFO MPTSFHÎNFOFTEFWFSEBE BRVFEBOMVHBS OPTPMPCVTDBJOUFSSPHBSFMNBSDPRVFPSHBOJ[B FTUBTQSÃDUJDBTEFTJHOJàDBDJÓO TJOPRVFBWBO[BOEPVOQBTPNÃT BMMÃ FTGPS[ÃOEPTFQPSWJTJCJMJ[BSFMNBSDPJOWJTJCMFRVFPSHBOJ- [BUPEPNBSDPWJTJCMF CVTDBàOBMNFOUFJOUFSSVNQJSZBMUFSBSMB QSÃDUJDBIJTUPSJPHSÃàDBEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓOIJTUÓSJDB M HJSP DSÎUJDP FO IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB FO TÎOUFTJT OP FT NÃT RVF PUSPNPEPEFOPNCSBSFTUBBUFODJÓOEFTWFMBEBTPCSFMPTHFTUPT NÃTTJNQMFTEFMPàDJPUFODJÓORVFIBEFWVFMUPBMBDJFODJBIJT- UÓSJDBBMBFEBEEFTVJOPDFODJB PCMJHÃOEPMBBQMBOUFBSOVFWB- NFOUFUPEBTFTBTQSFHVOUBTRVFEFTFONBTDBSBOTVJOPDFODJB MBT TJNQMFTQSFHVOUBTEFTVJOPDFODJByRVÊFTMFFS yRVÊFTFTDSJCJS 1MBOUFBSFTUBTQSFHVOUBTOPTVQPOFBàSNBSVOBFTFODJBjNÃT SFBMvEFMBIJTUPSJB OPFOUSBÒBPGSFDFSVOBSFTQVFTUBQPTUNPEFS- OBBMBDMÃTJDBQSFHVOUB¿qué es la historia?1MBOUFBSFTUBTQSF- 35
  • 37. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB HVOUBTFTTJNQMFNFOUFPUSPNPEPEFWFMBSMBWPDBDJÓOJONVOJ- UBSJBEFMBSB[ÓOIJTUPSJBEPSB1MBOUFBSFTUBTQSFHVOUBTFTRVJ[ÃT TPMPVOBNBOFSBEJGFSFOUFEFJOJDJBSFMUSBCBKPEFEFDPOTUSVDDJÓO EFMBQPMÎUJDBJEFOUJUBSJBRVFNPOUBHVBSEJBFOMBTGSPOUFSBTJOUF- SJPSFTEFMBEJTDJQMJOB WJHJMBOEPZSFQSJNJFOEPUPEPBRVFMMPRVF BNFOB[BBDUVBMPQPUFODJBMNFOUFFMPSEFOEFTVTBCFS 36
  • 38. Historiografía postmoderna ** $÷öëíøü÷û 37
  • 39.
  • 40. Historiografía postmoderna 1÷úýöéöýíþéïúéõĕüñëé ìíôéðñûü÷úñ÷ïúéîġé *öüú÷ìýëñúýöéïúéõĕüñëéQPTUNPEFSOBFOIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBFT JOUFOUBS EBS DVFOUB EF MBT NVUBDJPOFT EFM QBSBEJHNB QPMÎUJDP àMPTÓàDPIJTUPSJPHSÃàDPTPCSFMBIJTUPSJBTUBTNVUBDJPOFTEF- NBOEBOOFDFTBSJBNFOUFMBFMBCPSBDJÓOEFVOWPDBCVMBSJPIJTUP- SJPHSÃàDPDBQB[EFBQSFIFOEFSMPTRVJFCSFTZUSBOTGPSNBDJPOFT RVFMBEJTDJQMJOBTVGSFDVBOEPZBOPQVFEFBQPZBSTFFOMPTTV- QVFTUPT FQJTUFNPMÓHJDPT Z POUPMÓHJDPT RVF PSHBOJ[BSPO TV USB- CBKPFOMBNPEFSOJEBE%JTDVUJFOEPFTUBTDFTVSBTZNVUBDJPOFT JOUFOUBOEPQFOTBSFMDBNQPEFQSPCMFNÃUJDBTRVFMBQPTUNPEFS- OJEBEJNQPOFBUPEPQFOTBNJFOUPEFMPQPMÎUJDP OUPOJP/FHSJ IBEFTDSJUPFTUFUJFNQPDPNPVOUJFNQPEFUSBOTJDJÓORVFFYJHF MBFMBCPSBDJÓOEFDPODFQUPTZDBUFHPSÎBTDBQBDFTEFWJTMVNCSBS MBTUSBOTGPSNBDJPOFTRVFIPZBGFDUBOBMBTTPDJFEBEFTDPOUFN- QPSÃOFBT1OFMPSEFOEFMBTIVNBOJEBEFT JOWFTUJHBEPSBTDPNP .JFLF#BM2P%POOB)BSBXBZ3SFDMBNBO EFJHVBMNPEP MBOFDF- TJEBEEFGPSKBSOVFWBTIFSSBNJFOUBTDPODFQUVBMFTQBSBMPTDBN- CJPTFODVSTP -BUBSFBFTJONFOTBZEFNBOEBHJHBOUFTDPTFTGVFS[PTDPMFD- UJWPTEFJOWFTUJHBDJÓO DSVDFTEFGSPOUFSBT WJBKFTFOUSFDPODFQ- UPT GPSNBT JOÊEJUBT EF DPOUBHJP FOUSF EJTDJQMJOBT NVUBDJPOFT JOTPTQFDIBEBT SJUVBMFT EF QBTP TBDSJàDJPT Z USBOTàHVSBDJPOFT ZUBNCJÊOFYUJODJPOFT-BUFBUSBMJEBERVFFYJHFOFTUBTSFQSFTFO- 1 OUPOJP/FHSJ La fábrica de porcelana. Una nueva gramática de la política 39 #BSDFMPOB 2 .JFLF#BM Conceptos viajeros en las humanidades. Una guía de viaje .VS- DJB $FOEFBD 3 %POOB )BSBXBZ The Companion Species Manifesto. Dogd, People, and Significant Otherness $IJDBHP 1SJDLMZ1BSBEJHN1SFTT
  • 41. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB UBDJPOFT MBESBNBUVSHJBRVFSFDMBNBQPOFSFONPWJNJFOUP MBT performancesBRVFEBOMVHBS PCMJHBOBFMBCPSBSVOQFOTBNJFO- UPRVFCVTRVFSFTQPOEFSFOUPEPNPNFOUPBMBTFYJHFODJBTRVF JNQPOFMBDPOTUJUVDJÓOQPMÎUJDBFQJTUFNPMÓHJDBEFMQSFTFOUFTUB FYJHFODJBEFQFOTBNJFOUPIBIFDIPEFFTUFUJFNQPEFUSBOTJDJÓO VO UJFNQP EF NBOJàFTUPTTÎ MB UFNQPSBMJEBE EF un es tiem-po de decirQBSFDFDPJODJEJSDPOMBUFNQPSBMJEBEEFun decir el tiempo#BKPFMNPEPEFDMBSBUJWP TFCVTDBBàSNBSMBPTBEÎBZ MBBVEBDJBEFVOQFOTBNJFOUP TFCVTDBIBDFSMVHBSBVOBQBTJÓO EFM DPODFQUP RVF TF FKFSDF FO MB VSHFODJB EF VO DPOUSBUJFNQP DPOUSB UPEP Z UPEPT Z RVF SFDMBNB QBSB TÎ ÙOJDBNFOUF MB OP DPOUFNQPSBOFJEBEenMPDPOUFNQPSÃOFP -B QBTJÓO EFM DPODFQUP EF DPODFQUPT RVF TF FTUSVDUVSBO B USBWÊT EF BGFDUPT Z QFSDFQDJPOFT EFNBOEB OFDFTBSJBNFOUF VO USBCBKP DPO MBT QBMBCSBT RVF TJFNQSF TF QSFTFOUB CBKP GPSNBT BQPSÊUJDBT P BOUJOÓNJDBT 1VFT FTUF USBCBKP FTUB QBTJÓO FTUÃ TJFNQSFBUSBQBEBFOVOEPCMFNPWJNJFOUPEFDPOTUSVDDJÓOZEF- DPOTUSVDDJÓO EFDPSUFZDPOUJOVJEBE EFQFSNBOFODJBZUSBOTGPS- NBDJÓO EFJNQPTJCJMJEBEZQPTJCJMJEBE UFOEJFOEP B FTUBT EJàDVMUBEFT BEWJSUJFOEP MPT QSPCMFNBT RVF DPOMMFWB MB QSPQPTJDJÓO EF VOB OVFWB HSBNÃUJDB IJTUPSJP- HSÃàDBEFSBÎ[QPTUNPEFSOB FTRVFCBKPFMUÊSNJOPConceptos TFIBRVFSJEPEBSÙOJDBNFOUFÊOGBTJTEFMFDUVSB TFÒBTPNBSDBT EJTUJOUJWBTEFPUSBGPSNBEFQFOTBNJFOUP EFVOBQSÃDUJDBIJTUP- SJPHSÃàDBRVFJOUFOUBQPSUPEPTMPTNFEJPTBQSFIFOEFSMBDFTVSB EFMPQPTUNPEFSOP RVFTFFTGVFS[BQPSSFHJTUSBSMBFOVOOVFWP MFOHVBKF FOMBTJNQSFTJPOFTZTPCSFJNQSFTJPOFTEFVOBNFNPSJB OFDFTBSJBNFOUFGSBHNFOUBSJBZQBSDJBM 1BSBGSBTFBOEP B (BZBUSJ 4QJWBL4 QPESÎB BEWFSUJSTF RVF MB TFDDJÓOConceptos FOUPEPMPRVFUJFOFEFjGBDDJÓOv jCBOEBv PjFTDVFMBv FTTJNQMFNFOUFVONPEPQBSUJEJTUBEFMMBNBSBMB BDDJÓO EFJODJUBSBMPTKÓWFOFTJOWFTUJHBEPSFTFJOWFTUJHBEPSBTB RVFTFEFDJEBOEFVOBCVFOBWF[BEBSMBFTQBMEBBVOBIJTUP- SJPHSBGÎBGVOEBEBFOFMTJHMP9*9 ZDPNJFODFOBUSBCBKBSFOMB SFEBDDJÓOEFVOOVFWPWPDBCVMBSJPQPTUNPEFSOPEFMBIJTUPSJP- 4 (BZBUSJ$IBLSBWPSUZ4QJWBL Muerte de una disciplina 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 40 1BMJOPEJB
  • 42. Historiografía postmoderna HSBGÎB RVF CVTRVF SFTQPOEFS B MPT EFTBGÎPT Z MBT VSHFODJBT EFM UJFNQPQSFTFOUF TUFWPDBCVMBSJP FTUFOVFWPMÊYJDPIJTUPSJPHSÃàDPTJRVJFSF SFBMNFOUFJNQPOFSTFFOMBEJTDJQMJOBEFCFSÃDPOTUJUVJSTFBQBSUJS EF VOB PUSB HSBNÃUJDB IJTUPSJPHSÃàDB EF VOB OVFWB GPSNB EF QFOTBSDPOTUJUVJEBZPSHBOJ[BEBBUSBWÊTEFVOBQSÃDUJDBQBSB- EJHNÃUJDB RVFUFOHBQPSPCKFUJWPIBDFSJOUFMJHJCMFVOBTFSJFEF GFOÓNFOPTDVZPQBSFOUFTDPGPS[PTBNFOUFFTUÃGVFSBEFMDBNQP EFWJTJÓOEFMBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBUSBEJDJPOBM 41
  • 43.
  • 44. Historiografía postmoderna 43 ë÷öüíëñõñíöü÷ Una manera de FYQMJDBS MP RVF TJHOJàDB FM QPTUNPEFSOJT- NPFTEFDJSRVFFTVOBàMPTPGÎB EFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUP ZVONPEP EF FYQMJDBS MP RVF TJHOJàDB MB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB QPTUNPEFSOB FT EFDJSRVFFTVOBIJTUPSJPHSBGÎB EFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUPOUBMEFT- DSJQDJÓO MP GVOEBNFOUBM FT MB OPDJÓO EF jBDPOUFDJNJFOUPv RVF FO BSBT EF MB CSFWFEBE QVFEF EFTDSJCJSTF DPNP VO BDPOUFDJNJFOUP OP FT FYBDUB- NFOUFMPRVFPDVSSF RVFFTMP RVF MB QBMBCSB JOHMFTB TVHJFSF event TJOP BMHP EBEP en MP RVF PDVSSF BMHP RVF IB TJEP FYQSFTBEP P SFBMJ[BEP P B MP RVFTFMFIBEBEPGPSNBFOMP PDVSSJEP O PUSBT QBMBCSBT FM BDPOUFDJNJFOUP OP FT BMHP QSFTFOUF TJOP BMHP RVF CVTDB EBSTF FO MP RVF FTUÃ QSFTFOUF 6O BDPOUFDJNJFOUP OP FT VO IFDIP TJOP BMHP RVF BDUÙB FO VOIFDIP-PTBDPOUFDJNJFOUPT TF SFBMJ[BO FO MPT IFDIPT BE- RVJFSFOBDUVBMJEBEZQSFTFODJB FOFMMPT QFSPTJFNQSFEFGPSNB QSPWJTJPOBM Z NPEJàDBCMF EF NPEPRVFMBJORVJFUVEEFMáVJS EFMPTIFDIPTTFFYQMJDBBUSB- WÊTEFMPTBDPOUFDJNJFOUPTRVF BMCFSHBO 3FTQFDUP B TV UFN- QPSBMJEBE MPT BDPOUFDJNJFO- UPT TJO FTUBS OVODB QSFTFOUFT QBSFDFO SFDMBNBS VO QSFTFOUF CVTDÃOEPMP Z EFTCPSEÃOEPMP BMBWF[%FTEFDJFSUBQFSTQFD- UJWB EFDPOTUSVDUJWB MPT BDPO- UFDJNJFOUPT UJFOFO MB FTUSVD- UVSB EF MB QSPNFTB EF MP RVF %FSSJEB MMBNB MP JNQSFWJTJCMF jQPSWFOJSv à venir OPUSBT QBMBCSBT MBT EFMBJO #BEJPV MPTBDPOUFDJNJFOUPTTPOTJOHV- MBSJEBEFTJSSFEVDUJCMFT jGVFSB EFMBMFZv EF MBT TJUVBDJPOFT MBJO#BEJPV L’Ethique -B EJTDVTJÓO UFÓSJDB DPO- UFNQPSÃOFB TPCSF MB OPDJÓO EF BDPOUFDJNJFOUP UJFOF QPS GVFO- UFT QSJODJQBMFT MBT Tesis TPCSF MB IJTUPSJB EF8BMUFS #FOKBNJO MBT àMPTPGÎBT EF (JMMFT %FMFV[F GVOEBNFOUBMNFOUF La lógica
  • 45. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB del sentido MBJO#BEJPV QSJO- DJQBMNFOUF TPCSF UPEP TVT EPT jHSBOEFTvMJCSPTTPCSFFMBDPO- UFDJNJFOUPEl ser y el aconteci-miento y Lógica de los mundos Z +BDRVFT %FSSJEB Fuerza de ley y Espectros de Marx OMB EJTDVTJÓOIJTUPSJPHSÃàDB QVFEF DPOTJEFSBSTF RVF MB SFáFYJÓO QSJODJQBM EF )BZEFO 8IJUF Z 'SBOL OLFSNJTU IB HJSBEP FO MPT ÙMUJNPT BÒPT FO UPSOP B MB QSFHVOUBQPSFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUP FO MB OBSSBDJÓO IJTUPSJPHSÃàDB O FTUF TFOUJEP DFOUSBMFT B MB EJTDVTJÓOIJTUÓSJDBTFSÎBOMPTFO- TBZPTEF)BZEFO8IJUFDPOUFOJ- EPTFOFigural Realism ZFMUFYUPQJPOFSPEFOLFSTNJU Narrative Logic O PUSBT QBMBCSBT CJFO QVFEF BàSNBSTF RVF MB EJTUJO- DJÓO FOUSF IFDIPT Z TJHOJàDB- EPT VTVBMNFOUF DPOTJEFSBEB DPNPVOBCBTFEFMSFMBUJWJTNP IJTUÓSJDP OPUJFOFPUSPPCKFUJ- WP FO )BZEFO 8IJUF Z 'SBOL OLFSTNJU RVF EBS MVHBS B MB QSFHVOUB QPS FM BDPOUFDJNJFO- UP FO MB IJTUPSJB 1VFT FT MB NJTNB OBUVSBMF[B BOÓNBMB EF MPT BDPOUFDJNJFOUPT TV FT- UBS GVFSBEFMBMFZ EF MB TJUVB- DJÓO MB RVF PCMJHB B QMBOUFBS MB QSFHVOUB QPS MB GVODJÓO EFM TJHOJàDBEP BTJHOBEP B MPT BDPOUFDJNJFOUPT %FTEF FTUB QFSTQFDUJWBMPTIFDIPTTPOVOB 44 GVODJÓO EFM TJHOJàDBEP BTJH- OBEP B MPT BDPOUFDJNJFOUPT Z OP VO EBUP QSJNBSJP RVF EF- UFSNJOB RVÊ TJHOJàDBEPT QVF- EB UFOFS VO BDPOUFDJNJFOUP .ÃTBÙO DPNPFTDSJCF8IJUF FM BDPOUFDJNJFOUP IJTUÓSJDP USBEJDJPOBMNFOUF DPODFCJEP DPNP VO BDPOUFDJNJFOUP RVF GVF OP TPMP PCTFSWBCMF TJOP UBNCJÊOPCTFSWBEP FTQPSEF- àOJDJÓOVOBDPOUFDJNJFOUPRVF ZBOPFTNÃTPCTFSWBCMFZ QPS UBOUP OP QVFEF TFSWJS DPNP PCKFUPEFVODPOPDJNJFOUPUBO TFHVSPDPNPFMEFMPTBDPOUF- DJNJFOUPTQSFTFOUFT MPTDVBMFT BÙO QVFEFO TFS PCTFSWBEPT 1FSP FT BRVÎ DPOUJOVB 8IJUF EPOEFMBEJTUJODJÓOFOUSFFMIF- DIP Z FM BDPOUFDJNJFOUP EFCF TFS TVCSBZBEB -B OPDJÓO EF BDPOUFDJNJFOUP IJTUÓSJDP IB TVGSJEPVOBUSBOTGPSNBDJÓOSB- EJDBMDPNPVOSFTVMUBEPEFMB PDVSSFODJBFOOVFTUSPTJHMPEF BDPOUFDJNJFOUPTEFVOBMDBODF FTDBMB Z QSPGVOEJEBE JOJNBHJ- OBCMFT QBSB IJTUPSJBEPSFT EF PUSPTUJFNQPTZEFMEFTNBOUF- MBNJFOUPEFMDPODFQUPEFBDPO- UFDJNJFOUPDPNPPCKFUPEFVO UJQP FTQFDÎàDBNFOUF DJFOUÎà- DP EF DPOPDJNJFOUP )BZEFO 8IJUF El texto histórico como artefacto literario -BT USBOT- GPSNBDJPOFT UFMFUFDOPNFEJÃ- UJDBTEFMBTPDJFEBEDPOUFNQP-
  • 46. Historiografía postmoderna SÃOFBTVQPOFO OFDFTBSJBNFOUF USBOTGPSNBDJPOFT P GSBDUVSBT JOJNBHJOBCMFTFOMPTNPEPTEF SFHJTUSP DPOTJHOBDJÓO MFDUVSB F JOUFSQSFUBDJÓO EF MPT BDPO- UFDJNJFOUPT TUB BàSNBDJÓO JODVNCF QSJODJQBMNFOUF TPCSF UPEP B MB IJTUPSJB TJ TF IB EF BEWFSUJS RVF MB EJTDJQMJOB IJT- UPSJPHSÃàDB DPNPFTDSJUVSBEFM UJFNQP OPFTTJOPFMSFTVMUBEP EF VOB SFWPMVDJÓO UFMFUFDOP NFEJÃUJDB .JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB Heródoto y lo insepulto 1PS PUSB QBSUF MB QSPQJB EJTUJODJÓO FOUSF MPT BTQFD- UPT GFOPNÊOJDPT EFM BDPO- UFDJNJFOUP TV FYUFSJPS Z TV TFOUJEP P TJHOJàDBEP TV JOUFSJPS IB TJEP TFSJBNFOUF DVFTUJPOBEB FO MBT EJTDVTJP- OFTDPOUFNQPSÃOFBTMTJHOJ- àDBEPEFMPTBDPOUFDJNJFOUPT OP QVFEF EJTUJOHVJSTF EF TV PDVSSFODJB QFSPFTUBFTJOFT- UBCMF áVJEB GBOUBTNBHÓSJDB 5BO GBOUBTNBHÓSJDB DPNP FM NPWJNJFOUPFODÃNBSBMFOUB FM ÃOHVMP JOWFSTP FMzoom y MBSFJUFSBDJÓOEFMBTSFQSFTFO- UBDJPOFTFOWJEFPEFMBFYQMP- TJÓOEFMChallenger FMBUBRVF BMBT5PSSFT(FNFMBTFO/VF- WB :PSL P FM CPNCBSEFP BM 1BMBDJPEFMB.POFEBFO4BO- UJBHP EF $IJMF 5PEP JOUFOUP EFQSPQPSDJPOBSVOBDPOTJEF- SBDJÓO PCKFUJWB EFM BDPOUFDJ- 45 NJFOUP TFBPGSFDJFOEPBCVO- EBOUFT EFUBMMFT P VCJDÃOEPMP FOTVDPOUFYUP EFCFUFOFSFO DVFOUB EPT DJSDVOTUBODJBT FMOÙNFSPEFEFUBMMFTJEFOUJà- DBCMFT FO DVBMRVJFS BDPOUFDJ- NJFOUP TJOHVMBS FT QPUFODJBM- NFOUFJOàOJUPZ FMDPOUFYUP EF DVBMRVJFS BDPOUFDJNJFOUP TJOHVMBS FT JOàOJUBNFOUF FY- UFOTPPBMNFOPTOPEFUFSNJ- OBCMFEFNBOFSBPCKFUJWB O $IJMF MB EJTDVTJÓO TPCSF FM FTUBUVUP EFM BDPO- UFDJNJFOUP FO MB IJTUPSJB IB DPCSBEP FO FM ÙMUJNP UJFNQP HSBOJNQPSUBODJB1VFT EFBM- HVOBGPSNBQVFEFEFDJSTFRVF FM TVSHJNJFOUP EF MB MMBNBEB j/VFWB )JTUPSJBv OP FT TJOP FMSFTVMUBEPEFPQPOFSVOBIJT- UPSJPHSBGÎB BDPOUFDJNFOUBM B VOB IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB FTUSVDUVSBM -B WVFMUB BM jTVKFUP EF DBSOF ZIVFTPvSFDMBNBEBQPSIJTUP- SJBEPSBT F IJTUPSJBEPSFT DPNP .BSÎB OHÊMJDB *MMBOFT Z (B- CSJFM 4BMB[BS OP TPMP TVQPOF VOB PQPTJDJÓO EFUFSNJOBEB B VOB DPNQSFOTJÓO FTUSVDUVSB- MJTUB EF MB IJTUPSJB TJOP RVF BM NJTNP UJFNQP TVQPOF VOB BUFODJÓO QSJWJMFHJBEB B MB FNFSHFODJBEFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUP FOMBIJTUPSJB BBRVFMMBTTJOHV- MBSJEBEFTJSSFEVDUJCMFTBVOEF- UFSNJOBEPFTUBEPEFTJUVBDJÓO TPDJPIJTUÓSJDB
  • 47. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB OFMÃNCJUPEFMPTEFCBUFT DSÎUJDPTàMPTÓàDPT MB DVFTUJÓO EFM BDPOUFDJNJFOUP IB FODPO- USBEPVOMVHBSEFFYDFQDJÓOFO MB EJTQVUB TPTUFOJEB QPS /FMMZ 3JDIBSEZ8JMMZ5IBZFSTPCSFFM HPMQFEFTUBEPEFMEFTFQ- UJFNCSF EF TUB EJTQVUB 46 TF PSHBOJ[B FO UPSOP B MB QSF- HVOUB QPS FM BDPOUFDJNJFOUP TPCSF MB QPTJCJMJEBE EF EJTUJO- HVJS FOUSF VO BDPOUFDJNJFOUP Z VO QTFVEPBDPOUFDJNJFOUP Z BÙOIPZQFSNBOFDFTVTQFOEJEB TPCSF FM QFOTBNJFOUP IJTUPSJP- HSÃàDPZàMPTÓàDPOBDJPOBM r-FDUVSBTTVHFSJEBT/FMMZ3JDIBSE Fracturas de la me-moria #VFOPTJSFT 4JHMP 99* 8JMMZ5IBZFS El fragmento repetido. Escritos en estado de excepción 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF .FUBMFT1FTBEPT 4FSHJP3PKBT Pensar el acontecimiento. Variaciones sobre la emergen-cia 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 6OJWFSTJEBE3$*4 .BSÎB OHÊMJDB*MMBOFT j-BIJTUPSJPHSBGÎBAQPQVMBSVOBFQJTUF- NPMPHÎBEFANVKFS$IJMF EÊDBEBEFv FOSolar. Es-tudios latinoamericanos / 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF (BCSJFM4BMB[BS La historia desde abajo y desde dentro 4BOUJBHP EF $IJMF 6OJWFSTJEBE EF $IJMF .JHVFM 7BMEFSSBNB Heródoto y lo insepulto 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 1BMJOPEJB MJ[BCFUI$PMMJOHXPPE4FMCZ El filo fo-tográfico de la historia 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF EJDJPOFT.F- UBMFT1FTBEPT (JMMFT%FMFV[F La lógica del sentido .BESJE 1BJEÓT +BDRVFT%FSSJEB Decir el aconte-cimiento, ¿es posible? .BESJE SFOB-JCSPT )B- ZEFO8IJUF El texto histórico como artefacto literario #VFOPTJSFT 1BJEÓT 'SBOLOLFSTNJU Historia y tropología. Auge y caída de la metáfora .ÊYJDP '$ 'SBOL OLFSTNJU Experiencia histórica sublime 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 1BMJOPEJB %PNJOJDL-B$BQSB Historia en tránsito #VFOPTJSFT 4JHMP99*
  • 48. Historiografía postmoderna 47 úëðñþ÷ ö ûý ë÷öîñïýúéëñħö UÊDOJ- DB BSDIJWPMÓHJDB F IJTUPSJP- HSÃàDB FM BSDIJWP OPNCSB FM GPOEP EPDVNFOUBM EF VO FT- UBCMFDJNJFOUP : NÃT QSFDJTB- NFOUF EFTDSJCFVODPOKVOUPEF EPDVNFOUPT TFBO DVBMFT TFBO TVT GPSNBT P TV TPQPSUF NB- UFSJBM DVZP DSFDJNJFOUP TF IB FGFDUVBEP EF GPSNB PSHÃOJDB Z DVZB DPOTFSWBDJÓO SFTQFUB FTF DSFDJNJFOUP TJO EFTNFN- CSBSMPKBNÃTMBSDIJWPFTFO PUSPTUÊSNJOPTVOEFQÓTJUPEF FTDSJUPT VO DPOKVOUP EF UFTUJ- NPOJPT VOSFHJTUSPEFIVFMMBT JNÃHFOFTPTPOJEPTYUFSJPSJ- EBE EF VO MVHBS DPOTUJUVDJÓO EF VOB JOTUBODJB EF BVUPSJEBE Z DPOTJHOBDJÓO MB DPOEJDJÓO EFM BSDIJWP FT MB EF VO BMNB- DFOBNJFOUP EF JNQSFTJPOFT Z MBEFVOEFTDJGSBNJFOUPEFMBT NJTNBT%FBIÎRVF HVBSEBO- EP àEFMJEBE BM TFOUJEP DPN- QPSUBEP FO MB UÊDOJDB EF TV DPOàHVSBDJÓO 1BVM 3JDPFVS IB QPEJEP EFDMBSBS RVF UPEP jBSDIJWPFTFTDSJUVSBv*ODMVTP BOUFTEFRVFMBQBMBCSBBSDIJ- WPSFNJUBIBDJBFMQBTBEP BMPT JOEJDJPTEFMBNFNPSJBDPOTJH- OBEB BMBàEFMJEBEEFMBUSBEJ- DJÓO TV DPOàHVSBDJÓO UÊDOJDB ZB EFDMBSB RVF TV DPOEJDJÓO QSJNPSEJBM FT FM SFHJTUSP RVF MBGVODJÓOBSDÓOUJDBEFTVEF- DJSTPMPFTQPTJCMFBDPOEJDJÓO EFMBJOTDSJQDJÓOZMBUSBOTDSJQ- DJÓOMBSDIJWPBTÎSFTFÒBEPFT FMjIBZvEFMBSFQSFTFOUBDJÓO O PUSPT UÊSNJOPT TJ TF BDVFSEB EFàOJS QPS BSDIJWP FM GPOEPEPDVNFOUBMEFVOBJOTUJ- UVDJÓO UFOESÎBRVFSFDPOPDFS- TF EFJHVBMNPEP RVFMBTDPO- EJDJPOFT EF QSPEVDDJÓO CBKP MBTDVBMFTTFPSHBOJ[BFMBMNB- DFOBNJFOUP Z MB DPOTFSWBDJÓO EF MBT IVFMMBT EF MP ZB EJDIP DPSSFTQPOEFO HFOÊSJDBNFOUF B MBT DPOEJDJPOFT EF QSPEVD- DJÓO EF TVT FOVODJBEPT TUP BMNFOPT TJUBMZDPNPTVHJFSF +BDRVFT-F(PGG FTDJFSUPRVF USBT MB IBCMBEVSÎB MJCFSUJOB Z
  • 49. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB QBSMBODIJOB EFM EPDVNFOUP TF FODVFOUSBMBJOTUSVDDJÓOQFEB- HÓHJDBZNPSBMJ[BEPSBEFMNP- OVNFOUP -B JEFOUJEBE RVF MB DSÎUJDB DPOUFNQPSÃOFB QBSFDF FTUBCMFDFSBTÎFOUSFEPDVNFOUP Z NPOVNFOUP OP WJFOF TJOP BEFWFMBSFOPUSPTUÊSNJOPTMB FTUSVDUVSBFMFNFOUBMEFEJTUJO- DJPOFT Z PQPTJDJPOFT RVF IJT- UÓSJDBNFOUF IBO DPOTUJUVJEP B MB OPDJÓO NJTNB EF BSDIJWP TUSVDUVSB FMFNFOUBM EF TJH- OJàDBDJÓO RVF FODVFOUSB FO MB OPDJÓO EF jPCKFUJWJEBEv FM WBMPSGVOEBNFOUBMRVFIBBSUJ- DVMBEPVOTJOHVMBSSÊHJNFOEF QSPEVDDJÓO EF MB SFBMJEBE QB- TBEB VOPSEFOZVOBNFUÓEJDB EFFOVODJBDJÓOEFMB)JTUPSJB : OP PCTUBOUF MB DSÎUJDB FO WFSEBEOPEFKBEFTFSQBSBEÓKJ- DB1VFT MBQBMBCSBEPDVNFOUP QPSUBEFTEFTVPSJHFOFMTJHOP EFVOBJOTUSVDDJÓO FMJNQFSBUJ- WPUFTUBNFOUBSJPEFVOBFOTF- ÒBO[B-BEFOVODJBEFMDPOUSB- TFOUJEP OP JNQJEF DPOTJEFSBS TJOFNCBSHP BMPTFTDSJUPTEFM BSDIJWP DPNP EPDVNFOUPT FT EFDJS DPNPSFHJTUSPTPJOTDSJQ- DJPOFTQBTBEBTEFTQSPWJTUBTEF UPEBQSFUFOTJÓOFEJàDBOUF 1SFDJTBNFOUF BUFOEJFOEP B FTF DBSÃDUFS EF MPT FOVODJB- EPT EFM BSDIJWP BM NVSNVMMP BOÓOJNPFJSSFTQPOTBCMFEFTV GB[ HFTUJDVMBOUF TF IB MMFHBEP B QSFTFOUBS FM BSDIJWP DPNP 48 VOTJTUFNBEFSFMBDJPOFTRVFTF DPOTUJUVZFBQBSUJSEFMPEJDIP ZMPOPEJDIP DPNPVOFTQBDJP àOJUPZQPTJCMFEFFOVODJBDJÓO IJTUÓSJDB %F BDVFSEP B FTUB DBSBDUFSJ[BDJÓO JTPNÓSàDB EFM NBUFSJBM EPDVNFOUBM FM BS- DIJWP EFTJHOBSÎB FM NBSHFO FO RVFTFSFDPSUBZEFMJNJUBDBEB UPNB EF QBMBCSB : NÃT BN- QMJBNFOUF OPNCSBSÎB FM TJTUF- NB EF GVODJPOBNJFOUP EF VO DBNQP FOVODJBUJWP EBEP MB SFHVMBSJEBE RVF SJHF MB BQBSJ- DJÓO BDUVBMJEBEZUSBOTGPSNB- DJÓO EF VO FOVODJBEP FO VOB ÊQPDBIJTUÓSJDBEFUFSNJOBEB O MB UFPSÎB EF MB DVMUVSB QPTUNPEFSOB FM BSDIJWP FTUÃ FOFMDFOUSPEFMBTEJTDVTJPOFT EF MBT SFDJFOUFT UFPSÎBT DVMUV- SBMFTEFjMPOVFWPvPjMPDPO- UFNQPSÃOFPv%FBMHÙONPEP BRVFMMB QSFPDVQBDJÓO RVF FM IJTUPSJBEPSKVEÎPEFMBNFNP- SJB :PTFG )BZJN :FSVTIBMNJ NBOJGFTUÓ TPCSF FMdevenir ar-chivo EF MBT TPDJFEBEFT DPO- UFNQPSÃOFBTTFFODVFOUSBIPZ QSFTFOUF FO FM BDUVBM JOUFSÊT QPS MB jDVFTUJÓO EFM BSDIJWPv 4JOEVEBBMHVOB EFTQVÊTEFMB SFáFYJÓO EF .JDIFM 'PVDBVMU TPCSF FM BSDIJWP MB QSPCMF- NÃUJDB BSDIJWPMÓHJDB QBSFDJF- SB JNQMJDBS IPZ OP TPMP B MB IJQÓUFTJT RVF BEWJFSUF RVF FM BSDIJWPFTMBDPOEJDJÓOQSFWJB QBSBRVFQVFEBFYJTUJSBMHPBTÎ
  • 50. Historiografía postmoderna DPNPMBjIJTUPSJBv QVFT TPMP DVBOEP FM BSDIJWP FTUÃ EJTQP- OJCMFQVFEFMMFWBSTFBDBCPFTB DPNQBSBDJÓO EF MP OVFWP DPO MPBOUJHVPRVFQSPEVDFMBIJT- UPSJBDPNPUBM TJOPRVF BEF- NÃT MBOPDJÓONJTNBEFSFBMJ- EBEmZBTFBRVFTFMBDPOTJEFSF DPNP FYUFSJPS BM BSDIJWP ZB TFB RVF TF MB DPOTJEFSF DPNP FGFDUP EF VO PSEFO EF TJHOJà- DBDJÓOEFUFSNJOBEPmQBSFDFSÎB 49 FTUBS DPOUFOEJEB P JNQMJDBEB FO MB EJTDVTJÓO DVMUVSBM EFM BSDIJWP O QBMBCSBT EF #PSJT (SPZT FMBSDIJWPOPTPMPTFSÎB VOB NÃRVJOB EF QSPEVDDJÓO EF SFDVFSEPT VOB NÃRVJOB RVF GBCSJDB IJTUPSJB B QBSUJS EFMNBUFSJBMEFMBSFBMJEBERVF OPIBTJEPSFDPQJMBEP TJOPRVF TFSÎBVOBNÃRVJOBQSPEVDUPSB EFFTBEJGFSFODJBMMBNBEBjSFB- MJEBEv r-FDUVSBTTVHFSJEBTOESFB(JVOUB Objetos mutantes. Sobre arte contemporáneo 4BOUJBHPEF$IJMF 1BMJOPEJB DBQjSDIJWPTv.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB Posthisto-ria. Historiografía y comunidad 4BOUJBHP EF $IJMF 1B- MJOPEJB DBQ j%FM BSDIJWPv .JDIFM 'PVDBVMU La arqueología del saber .ÊYJDP '$+BDRVFT %FSSJEB Mal de archivo. Una impresión freudiana .B- ESJE 5SPUUB #PSJT(SPZT Sobre lo nuevo. Un en-sayo de economía cultural 7BMFODJB 1SF5FYUPT #PSJT (SPZT Bajo sospecha. Una fenomenología de los medios 7BMFODJB 1SFUFYUPT .JFLF #BM Concep-tos viajeros en humanidades #BSDFMPOB $FOEFBD DBQj1BTJÓOEFSDIJWPv1BVM3JDPFVS La memoria, la historia, el olvido .BESJE 5SPUUB
  • 51. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB 50 ëüýéôñìéì -é øéôéêúé éëüýéôñìéì es RVJ[ÃT VOB EF MBT NÃT EJGÎDJ- MFT EF BCPSEBS FO DVBMRVJFS TFNÃOUJDBIJTUÓSJDBMQSPCMF- NB QSJODJQBM EF TV BCPSEBKF OP SFTJEF UBOUP FO FM QFMJHSP TJFNQSF QSFTFOUF EF RVFEBS SF[BHBEP GSFOUF B FMMB NJTNB DPNP FO MBT DVFTUJPOFT RVF FM UÊSNJOP TVQPOF B MB BSRVJUFD- UVSBNJTNBEFUPEBTFNÃOUJDB UFNQPSBM 1VFT MB QBMBCSB BD- UVBMJEBEOPTPMPTVQPOFEJTUJO- HVJSDPOGVFS[BFOUSFMPBDUVBM ZMPWJSUVBM OPTPMPTVQPOFEJ- GFSFODJBSMPBDUVBMEFMPQBTB- EP TJOP RVF TVQPOF BEFNÃT GVOEBNFOUBMNFOUF EJTUJOHVJS FOUSFBDUPZQPUFODJBTUBEJT- UJODJÓO FT EF QPS TÎ DPNQMFKB QVFT FMMB UJFOEF B EFTEJCVKBS- TFFOMBFYQFSJFODJB FOMPRVF 1BPMP7JSOPIBEBEPFOMMBNBS jFMSFDVFSEPEFMQSFTFOUFv 4JO FNCBSHP DPOWJFOF SFUFOFS MB OPDJÓO EF jBDUPv QBSB QFOTBS FM QSFTFOUF EF MB BDUVBMJEBE $PNP FTDSJ- CF SJTUÓUFMFT jFM BDUP FT FM FYJTUJS EF MB DPTBv TUBS FO BDUPTJHOJàDBFTUBSQSFTFOUFM WPDBCMP BDUVBMJEBE RVF FO FM VTPDPNÙOJOEJDBFMNPNFOUP FOFMDVBMTFFTUÃ FMIPZ BQVO- UBBTÎBOUFUPEPBMDVNQMJNJFO- UPEFVOBQPTJCJMJEBE BMBNB- OJGFTUBDJÓOEFVOBGBDVMUBE FO TVNB B VOB SFBMJ[BDJÓO TUB EFàOJDJÓO EF SBÎ[ BSJTUPUÊMJ- DB UJFOEFBWJODVMBSVOBIPSB BDUP ZVOFTUBEPEFQPUFODJB %F BIÎ RVF BMHVOPT DSÎUJDPT SFDIBDFO FTUÃ EFUFSNJOBDJÓO EFM UÊSNJOP BEWJSUJFOEP RVF VOBDUPTPMPHBOBQSFSSPHBUJWB UFNQPSBMEFQSFTFODJBBQBSUJS EF TV SFMBDJÓO OFHBUJWB DPO FM TFS QPUFODJBM FM DVBM FT TJFN- QSFMBUFOUF JOBDUVBM OPUSBT QBMBCSBT MB BDUVBMJEBE QBSB TFSUBM EFCFDPSUBSUPEPWÎODV- MPDPOMBMBUFODJBEFMPQPUFO- DJBM6OBBDUVBMJEBETFSFMBDJP- OBDPOFMQBTBEPZFMGVUVSP ZB TFB DPNP BDUVBMJEBE BOUJHVB ZB TFB DPNP BDUVBMJEBE QPS
  • 52. Historiografía postmoderna WFOJS -B EJTDVTJÓO TF DPNQMJ- DBTJTFJOUFOUBEFUFSNJOBSMBT EJGFSFODJBT FOUSF MB BDUVBMJEBE ZMPDPOUFNQPSÃOFP MBBDUVB- MJEBEZMPOVFWP MBBDUVBMJEBE ZFMQSFTFOUF PMBBDUVBMJEBEZ MBNPEB 51 QFTBSEFFTUBTDPNQMJDB- DJPOFT Z EFM WÊSUJHP RVF QVF- EFO QSPEVDJS FT ÙUJM SFUFOFS FM VTP DPNÙO EFM WPDBCMP BD- UVBMJEBE TJ MP RVF TF CVTDB FT BEWFSUJSFMDBSÃDUFSDPOTUSVJEP EFMBNJTNB FMFOPSNFUSBCB- KPJOWFSUJEPFOFMBDUPEFUPEB BDUVBMJEBE -B BDUVBMJEBE FT IFDIB 1PS FMMP FT JNQPSUBOUF TBCFS EF RVÊ FTUÃ IFDIB QFSP BÙONÃTJNQPSUBOUFFTSFDPOP- DFSRVFFTUÃIFDIB-BBDUVBMJ- EBEOPFTBMHPEBEP TJOPBMHP BDUJWBNFOUF QSPEVDJEP MMB FT PSEFOBEB JOWFTUJEB Z QFS- GPSNBUJWBNFOUF JOUFSQSFUBEB QPSVOBTFSJFEFQSPDFEJNJFO- UPT KFSBSRVJ[BOUFT Z TFMFDUJWPT RVF TJFNQSF FTUÃO BM TFSWJDJP EFQPEFSFTFJOUFSFTFTEJWFSTPT -BjSFBMJEBEvEFMBBDUVBMJEBE TPMPMMFHBBMQSFTFOUFNFEJBOUF EJTQPTJUJWPTEFàDDJÓO BSUFGBD- UPTEFDBQUVSBZSFDPOPDJNJFO- UP RVF PSHBOJ[BO FM jBIPSBv IJTUÓSJDP DPNPMBOPDJÓONJT- NBEFBSDIJWP -P RVF MMBNBNPT BDUVBMJ- EBE FTDSJCF 8JMMZ 5IBZFS OP FT VO QSFTFOUF OJ TJRVJFSB VO UJFNQPj.ÃTCJFOFTVOFTQB- DJP FO RVF DPOáVZFO NFUPOÎ- NJDBNFOUF QSFTFOUFT NPEPT EF QSPEVDDJÓO NFUPOÎNJDPT BTVWF[ EFEJWFSTPPSEFOM FTUBS DPOTUJUVJEB QPS UJFNQPT EFEJWFSTPPSEFO MBBDUVBMJEBE OP QVFEF DPOTUJUVJSTF DPNP QSFTFOUF $VBOEP EFTDSJCJNPT MB BDUVBMJEBE DPNP FTQBDJP FO RVF DPOáVZFO UJFNQPT EF EJWFSTP PSEFO UBNQPDP DPN- QSFOEFNPT FM FTQBDJP DPNP VOTVFMPDPNÙOQSFWJPFORVF EJWFSTPT UJFNQPT RVFEBO DPO- UFOJEPT -B BDUVBMJEBE OP FT VOBQSJPSJFTQBDJBMRVFBDPHF JMJNJUBEBNFOUF UFNQPSBMJEB- EFT NÙMUJQMFT -B BDUVBMJEBE QMVSJUFNQPSBMOPFTQSFWJBBMB NVMUJUVEKBMPOBEBEFUJFNQPT EFMNJTNPNPEPRVFFMDVFSQP EF'SBOLFOTUFJOOPFTBOUFSJPS BMPTUSP[PTRVFMPDPNQPOFO -BBDUVBMJEBEOPQSFDFEFBMPT BSDIJWPT RVF MB QVFCMBO Z TF DPOTUJUVZF EFTEF MB QMÊUPSB EF QSFTFOUFT MFKBOPT FOUSF TÎ MF- KBOPT UBNCJÊO EF TÎ NJTNPT RVF DPJODJEFO BDUJWBOEP NF- NPSJBT BCSJFOEP QBTBKFT RVF TF EJTHSFHBO TJO DFOUSP 'SBH- NFOUPTEJTQVFTUPTFOVOKVFHP EFBDFMFSBDJPOFTRVFBMDIPDBS PSP[BSTFQSPEVDFONFNPSJBT EJTZVODJPOFT QFOTBNJFOUPT NÃTWFMPDFTRVFMBTÎOUFTJT RVF FYDFEFO VO PSEFO SFTVFMUP EF SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO TB BDUVBMJ- EBE PQFSB BOUFT DPNP TVQFS-
  • 53. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB NFSDBEP DPNP JEFB BCTPMVUB RVF DPNP SFEFODJÓOv 8JMMZ 5IBZFS El fragmento repetido 52 4BOUJBHP EF $IJMF EJDJPOFT .FUBMFTQFTBEPT r-FDUVSBTTVHFSJEBT8JMMZ5IBZFS El fragmento repeti-do. Escritos en estado de excepción 4BOUJBHP EF $IJMF EJDJPOFT.FUBMFT QFTBEPT DBQ jM (PMQF DPNP DPOTVNBDJÓOEFMBWBOHVBSEJBv1BPMP7JSOP El recuer-do del presente. Ensayo sobre el tiempo histórico #VFOPT JSFT 1BJEÓT (JBDPNP.BSSBNBP Minima tem-poralia. Tiempo, espacio, experiencia #BSDFMPOB (FEJTB (JBDPNP.BSSBNBP Kairós, Apología del tiempo oportuno #BSDFMPOB (FEJTB (JPSHJP HBNCFO Qu’ est-ce que le contemporain? 1BSJT 1BZPU3JWBMFT 3FJOIBSU,PTFMMFDL Los estratos del tiempo: estu-dios sobre la historia #BSDFMPOB 1BJEÓT +BDRVFT %FSSJEB j5IF %FDPOTUSVDUJPO PG DUVBMJUZv Radical Philosophy / -POESFT QQ
  • 54. Historiografía postmoderna 53 Antinomia ö íô ìíêéüí TPCSF MB QPTU- NPEFSOJEBEFTZBVOBDPOWFO- DJÓOIBCJUVBMEJTUJOHVJSMBBOUJ- OPNJBEFMBDPOUSBEJDDJÓO-B BàSNBDJÓOFTEF'SFESJD+BNF- TPO ZTFFODVFOUSBFOFMMBSHP FOTBZPRVFFOLas semillas del tiempoEFEJDBBDBSBDUFSJ[BSMB MÓHJDB EF MB QPTUNPEFSOJEBE -B BOUJOPNJB BàSNB EPT QSP- QPTJDJPOFT RVF TPO SBEJDBM Z BCTPMVUBNFOUF JODPNQBUJCMFT O FTUF TFOUJEP FMMB FTUÃ NÃT DFSDB EF MB PQPTJDJÓO Z EF MB DPOUSBEJDDJÓOMÓHJDBRVFEFMB DPOUSBEJDDJÓOEJBMÊDUJDB 'SFESJD +BNFTPO OP TF FRVJWPDBBMBEWFSUJSRVFMPRVF TF FODVFOUSB USBT MB DSFDJFOUF QPQVMBSJEBE EF MB BOUJOPNJB FO FM QFOTBNJFOUP DPOUFNQP- SÃOFP FTFMEFTFPEFEFTQMB[BS P EFWBMVBS MB OPDJÓO EF DPO- USBEJDDJÓO EJBMÊDUJDB EFM BOÃ- MJTJTIJTUÓSJDPOFTUFTFOUJEP FTUF FTGVFS[P EF DMBSJàDBDJÓO BOBMÎUJDB QPTUFTUSVDUVSBMJTUB FT QSPGVOEBNFOUFBOUJIFHFMJBOP QVFTTFEFTBSSPMMBFOPQPTJDJÓO B UPEPT BRVFMMPT BOÃMJTJT IJT- UÓSJDPT RVF UJFOFO FO MB EJBMÊ- DUJDB IFHFMJBOB mDPOTDJFOUF P JODPOTDJFOUFNFOUFm TV NBUSJ[ EF BOÃMJTJT TUB PQPTJDJÓO FT àMPTÓàDBP BMNFOPT TFPSHB- OJ[BFOUPSOPBMOÙDMFPàMPTÓ- àDPRVFPSHBOJ[BMPTEJTDVSTPT IJTUPSJPHSÃàDPTNPEFSOPTO MPTEFCBUFTTPCSFMBTOPDJPOFT EF jBOUJOPNJBv Z jDPOUSBEJD- DJÓOv TF KVFHB FO PUSBT QB- MBCSBT VO PSEFO EF EJTDVSTP IJTUPSJPHSÃàDP VO NPEP EF SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO EF MB IJTUPSJB TUB EJTDVTJÓO RVF 3BOBKJU (VIBEFTDSJCFFOUÊSNJOPTOB- SSBUPMÓHJDPT FTEFDJS BUFOEJFO- EPBMBFTUSVDUVSBQSPGVOEBEF TJHOJàDBDJÓO EF MB OBSSBDJÓO IJTUPSJPHSÃàDB OP TPMP BGFD- UB P JODVNCF B MPT NPEPT EF SFQSFTFOUBS MB jSFBMJEBEv EF MB )JTUPSJB TJOP RVF UBNCJÊO EFUFSNJOBMPTQSPCMFNBTQSJO- DJQBMFT EF MB FQJTUFNPMPHÎB IJTUPSJPHSÃàDB ZBTFBBUSBWÊT
  • 55. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB EFMBWBMJEBDJÓOEFMPTQSPHSB- NBTEFJOWFTUJHBDJÓOEFMBEJT- DJQMJOB IJTUÓSJDB FO UÊSNJOPT FQJTUFNPMÓHJDPT DBVTBMJEBE IJTUÓSJDB EFUFSNJOBDJÓO EF SFHVMBSJEBEFT TPDJPIJTUÓSJDBT KVTUJàDBDJÓO EFM FTUBUVUP DJFO- UÎàDPEFMDPOPDJNJFOUPIJTUÓSJ- DP FUDÊUFSB ZBTFBBUSBWÊTEF TV JOWBMJEBDJÓO B QBSUJS EF VO DVFTUJPOBNJFOUPEFMPTNBSDPT IJTUÓSJDPT RVF DPOEJDJPOBSPO MBDPOTUSVDDJÓOEFMBIJTUPSJP- HSBGÎBNPEFSOB 54 -B BDUVBMJEBE EF MB BOUJ- OPNJB TF EFCF QSJNBSJBNFOUF B MB EFDPOTUSVDDJÓO DVBOEP QBSUJDVMBSNFOUF FO NBOPT EF 1BVM EF .BO TF DPOWJSUJÓ FO FMJOTUSVNFOUPQBSBTBDBSBMB MV[ UPEP BRVFMMP RVF FTUVWJF- SBFODPOáJDUPDPOTJHPNJTNP EFOUSPEFVOQFOTBNJFOUPZVO MFOHVBKF BMBWF[RVFTFTVCSB- ZBCBTVFTFODJBMQBSÃMJTJTFJN- QSPEVDUJWJEBE FO VOB FTQFDJF EF jFOUVNFDJNJFOUP DPODFQ- UVBMv 'SFESJD +BNFTPO %F MBT BOUJOPNJBT TF QVFEF DPO- DMVJS RVF PSHBOJ[BO DPODFQ- UVBMNFOUF MB SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO EFMPDPOUFNQPSÃOFP yPEFMP QPTUDPOUFNQPSÃOFP B QBS- UJS EFM KVFHP EF PQPTJDJPOFT Z BMUFSOBODJBT FOUSF JEFOUJEBE Z EJGFSFODJB +VFHP EF PQPTJDJP- OFTZBMUFSOBODJBTRVFQBSBDSÎ- UJDPTFIJTUPSJBEPSFTDPNP'SF- ESJD+BNFTPOP1FSSZOEFSTPO FYQPOF TJO EVEB VOB DJFSUB FTUSFDIF[PCMPRVFPEFMQFOTB- NJFOUPQPTUNPEFSOP QFSPRVF QBSBIJTUPSJBEPSFTDPNP,FJUI +FOLJOTP)BZEFO8IJUFSFWF- MBO MPT JNQBTFT Z BQPSÎBT EFM UJFNQPQSFTFOUF r -FDUVSBT TVHFSJEBT 'SFESJD +BNFTPO Las semillas del tiempo .BESJE 5SPUUB DBQj-BTBOUJOPNJBTEF MBQPTUNPEFSOJEBEv3BOBKJU(VIB Las voces de la his-toria .BESJE $SÎUJDB DBQj-BQSPTBEFDPOUSBJO- TVSHFODJBv1FSSZOEFSTPO Los orígenes de la postmo-dernidad #BSDFMPOB OBHSBNB 1BVMEF.BO La ideología estética .BESJE 5FDOPT
  • 56. Historiografía postmoderna 55 Aporía $÷õ÷êñíöéìþñíúüí+BDRVFT %FSSJEB MB QBMBCSB jBQPSÎBv FT VOB QBMBCSB HSJFHB HBTUBEB EFUBOUPVTP jGBUJHBEBEFàMP- TPGÎB Z EF MÓHJDBv -B QBMBCSB jBQPSÎBv BQBSFDF QPS QSJNFSB WF[FOFMUFYUPEFMBFísica IV CB EF SJTUÓUFMFT M DPOUFYUP EF BQBSJDJÓO EFM UÊSNJOP FT FM QSPCMFNB EFM UJFNQP EF TV EFàOJDJÓO Z OB- UVSBMF[B SJTUÓUFMFT FYBNJOB QBDJFOUFNFOUF MPT BUPMMBEFSPT MÓHJDPTBRVFTFFOGSFOUBDVBM- RVJFSJOUFOUPEFEFUFSNJOBDJÓO EF MB FYJTUFODJB EFM UJFNQP B MBT jBQPSÎBTv V PQPTJDJPOFT RVF DPNQPSUB UPEP FTGVFS[P EF EFàOJDJÓO TUBT BQPSÎBT BEWFSUJSÎBOEFMBJNQPTJCJMJEBE EFFMBCPSBSVODPODFQUPWVMHBS EF UJFNQP C UBM Z DPNP QPESÎBFTQFSBSTFEFVOFYBNFO EFMPTTVQVFTUPTPBUSJCVUPTEF FYJTUFODJB EFM TFS %FSSJEB SF- UPNBOEP TV EFàOJDJÓO MJUFSBM SFDVFSEB RVF jBQPSÎBv TJHOJà- DB jTJO DBNJOPv jDBNJOP TJO TBMJEBv jEJàDVMUBEv Apories. (BMJMÊF O VO TFOUJEP àHVSBEP QPESÎBNPT BHSFHBS MB BQPSÎB FT FOUFOEJEB DBTJ TJFNQSFDPNPVOBQSPQPTJDJÓO TJOTBMJEBMÓHJDB DPNPVOBEJ- àDVMUBEMÓHJDBJOTVQFSBCMF -BBQPSÎBQPESÎBTFSMMBNB- EBmZBTÎFGFDUJWBNFOUFMPBE- WJFSUF FM àMÓTPGP FTQBÒPM +PTÊ 'FSSBUFS .PSBm BOUJOPNJB P QBSBEPKB TÎ PDVSSF DPO MBT QBSBEPKBT EF ;FOÓO UBNCJÊO MMBNBEBTBQPSÎBTPEJàDVMUBEFT EF;FOÓOEFMFB SFDVÊSEFTF FOUSFPUSBT MBGBNPTBQBSBEP- KB EF jRVJMFT Z MB UPSUVHBv O FM ÃNCJUP EF MB USBEJDJÓO àMPTÓàDB MBjBQPSÎBvFTUÃBTP- DJBEBBMFTDFQUJDJTNPOMBFT- DFOBEFEFCBUFTQPTUNPEFSOPT MBJOUSPEVDDJÓOEFMBTBQPSÎBT EF VO QFOTBNJFOUP EF MB BQP- SÎB ZEFMPRVFUBNCJÊOQPESÎB MMBNBSTFVOBBQPSÊUJDB TFEFCF QSJODJQBMNFOUF B MPT USBCBKPT EFTBSSPMMBEPT FO MB BUNÓTGFSB EFM FTUSVDUVSBMJTNP Z FM QPTU
  • 57. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB FTUSVDUVSBMJTNP GSBODÊT 4JO QSFUFOEFS FTUBCMFDFS QBUFSOJ- EBEFT Z àMJBDJPOFT ZB +BNFT +PZDF OPT BEWFSUÎB RVF MB QB- UFSOJEBEFTVOBjàDDJÓOMFHBMv VOFNQFÒPEFMBWPMVOUBE QP- ESÎB SFDPOPDFSTF FO MPT OPN- CSFTEF+BDRVFT-BDBOZ-PVJT MUIVTTFS QVOUPT JNQPSUBOUFT EFSVQUVSBPJOáFYJÓOSFTQFDUP BMBUSBEJDJÓOEJBMÊDUJDBQSFEP- NJOBOUFFOMPTBOÃMJTJTIJTUÓSJ- DPàMPTÓàDPT EFM TJHMP WFJOUF 56 BTÎ DPNP UBNCJÊO OP IBCSÎB RVF EFTDPOPDFS FO FM USBCBKP EFàMÓTPGPTDPNP+BDRVFT%F- SSJEB Z +FBO'SBOÉPJT -ZPUBSE PUSPT NPNFOUPT JNQPSUBOUFT EF EFTBSSPMMP EF VOB BQPSÊUJ- DB EFM UJFNQP QSFTFOUF O FM ÃNCJUP EFM BOÃMJTJT EF MB BQP- SÎB RVJ[ÃMPTUSBCBKPTEF+FBO $MBVEF.JMOFSIBOTJEPGVOEB- NFOUBMFT FO SFDPOPDFS MB SBÎ[ MJUFSBSJBEFFTUFQFOTBNJFOUP r-FDUVSBTTVHFSJEBT+BDRVFT%FSSJEB Aporías. Esperarse en los límites de la verdad .BESJE 1BJEÓT +BDRVFT -BDBO El Seminario. Libro 11. Los cuatro conceptos fundamentales del psicoanálisis #BSDFMPOB EJUPSJBM1BJ- EÓT +FBO$MBVEF.JMOFS Détections fictives 1BSJT ­EJUJPOTEV4FVJM +FBO'SBOÉPJT-ZPUBSE La dife-rencia #BSDFMPOB EJUPSJBM 1BJEÓT 4MBWPK ;J[FL Mirando al sesgo. Una introducción a Jacques Lacan a través de la cultura popular .ÊYJDP EJUPSJBM 1BJEÓT 2000.
  • 58. Historiografía postmoderna 57 öéëú÷öñûõ÷ ô éöéëú÷öñûõ÷ OP FYJTUF DPNP DPODFQUP JOEJWJEVBMJ[B- EP mP DPNP FOUSBEB EF ÎOEJ- DFmFOMBTCJCMJPHSBGÎBTTPCSFFM UJFNQP FO MB UFPSÎB EF MB IJT- UPSJPHSBGÎB EF #FOFEFUUP $SP- DF FOMBàMPTPGÎBEFMBIJTUPSJB DPOUBEB QPS 3BZNPOE SPO FO FM DPOPDJNJFOUP IJTUÓSJDP TFHÙO )FOSJ*SÊOÊF .BSSPV FOMBTDBUFHPSÎBTFOMBIJTUPSJB EF$IBJN1FSFMNBO FOMBNF- UPEPMPHÎBEFMBIJTUPSJBEFMPT EJTDÎQVMPT EF 'FSOBOE #SBV- EFM OJ FO MPT UFNBT EF MPT ÎO- EJDFTEFMBSFWJTUBEFAnnales. *ODMVTP QPESÎB BHSFHBSTF FM DPODFQUP OP TF FODVFOUSB FO MB HVÎB EF MB IJTUPSJB EFDPOT- USVDDJPOJTUB PGSFDJEB SFDJFOUF- NFOUFQPSFMIJTUPSJBEPSJOHMÊT MVO .VOTMPX M BOBDSPOJT- NP FT VO UÊSNJOP NBMEJUP FO IJTUPSJPHSBGÎB T VOP EF MPT NBZPSFT QFDBEPT RVF QVFEF DPNFUFSFMIJTUPSJBEPSPMBIJT- UPSJBEPSB2VJ[ÃTQFSUFOF[DBB -VDJFO'FCWSFFMFYUSBÒPQSJWJ- MFHJPEFIBCFSTJEPFMQSJNFSP FO GPSNVMBS DPO OPUBCMF DMB- SJEBE MB DPOEFOB EFM UÊSNJOP OBDSPOJTNP j-B FUJRVFUB NF FTDBOEBMJ[B T VO QPDP HVBSEBOEP MBT QSPQPSDJPOFT DPNPTJTFRVJTJFSB FOFMDJOF NPTUSBSNFB$ÊTBSNVFSUPQPS VO EJTQBSP EF browning *O- DMVTP NÃT HSBWF QVFT FM BOB- DSPOJTNP EFM VUJMMBKF NBUFSJBM OPUJFOFFMNJTNPQFTPRVFFM BOBDSPOJTNP EFM VUJMMBKF NFO- UBMv Annales %FàOJ- EP DPNP MB JOUSVTJÓO EF VOB ÊQPDB FO PUSB F JMVTUSBEP QPS FM FKFNQMP TVSSFBMJTUB RVF WF B$ÊTBSTJOMBDBKBDSBOFBOBZ DPO MPT TFTPT BM BJSF QPS DBV- TBEFVOEJTQBSPEFbrowning FM BOBDSPOJTNP FT FYQVFTUP Z DPOEFOBEP EF VO NPEP NÃT FYQMÎDJUP QPS FM IJTUPSJBEPS GSBODÊT FO MB JOUSPEVDDJÓO EF TV DMÃTJDP FTUVEJP TPCSF MB SF- MJHJÓOEF3FCFMBJTj-BIJTUPSJB FTIJKBEFTVUJFNQP/PMPEJHP FO WFSEBE QBSB SFCBKBSMB w
  • 59. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB $BEBÊQPDBTFGPSKBNFOUBMNFO- UFTVVOJWFSTP w -BFMBCPSB DPO TVT QSPQJPT EPUFT DPO TV JOHFOJP FTQFDÎàDP TVT DVBMJ- EBEFT Z TVT JODMJOBDJPOFT DPO UPEPMPRVFMBEJTUJOHVFEFMBT ÊQPDBT BOUFSJPSFT w FM QSP- CMFNB DPOTJTUF FO EFUFSNJOBS DPO FYBDUJUVE MB TFSJF EF QSF- DBVDJPOFT RVF EFCFO UPNBSTF ZEFQSFTDSJQDJPOFTBRVFVOP EFCF TPNFUFSTF QBSB FWJUBS FM QFDBEP NBZPS EF UPEPT MPT QFDBEPT FM NÃT JSSFNJTJCMF EF UPEPT FM BOBDSPOJTNPv -V- DJFO 'FCWSF Le Problème de l’incroyance au XVI siècle. La religión de Rabelais 1BSJT M- CJO.JDIFM Q 58 j$FTBSNVFSUPQPSVOEJT- QBSPEFbrowningvFTFMFKFN- QMP KVTUP EF BOBDSPOJTNP IJT- UÓSJDPMFKFNQMPTVQPOFVOB DPJODJEFODJB FTUSVDUVSBM FOUSF VOPSEFODSPOPMÓHJDPZVOPS- EFONFOUBM/PTFQVFEFSFUSP- DFEFSFOFMUJFNQPFJOUSPEVDJS FMFNFOUPTEFÊQPDBTGVUVSBTFO ÊQPDBT QBTBEBT /P TF QVFEF JOUSPEVDJS VO BSNB EF GVFHP DPOUFNQPSÃOFB FO FM UJFNQP EFM *NQFSJP 3PNBOP 1FSP BM NJTNP UJFNQP VO IJTUPSJBEPS P IJTUPSJBEPSB OP EVEBSÎB FO BàSNBS RVF VO BOÃMJTJT EF MB DPOKVSB QPMÎUJDB FO MB BOUJHVB 3PNB QPESÎB WFSTF CFOFà- DJBEP EF MPT BOÃMJTJT Z FKFN- QMPT EF MB DPOKVSB QPMÎUJDB FO MB ÊQPDB DPOUFNQPSÃOFB -B BQPSÎB RVF QBSFDF EFTQVOUBS FO FTUB PCTFSWBDJÓO FODVFOUSB TVNBOJGFTUBDJÓONÃTDMBSBFO MB JEFB DSPDFBOB RVF BEWJFSUF RVF UPEB IJTUPSJB FT IJTUPSJB DPOUFNQPSÃOFB y2VÊ BDUJUVE BEPQUBSGSFOUFBFTUBBQPSÎBEFM DPOPDJNJFOUP IJTUÓSJDP y4F QVFEF JHOPSBS MB BQPSÎB RVF QMBOUFB FM BOBDSPOJTNP y4F QVFEFSFJWJOEJDBSFMBOBDSPOJT- NP FO IJTUPSJB )JTUPSJBEPSFT EFM BSUF DPNP (FPSHFT %JEJ )VCFSNBO P IJTUPSJBEPSBT EF MB BOUJHÛFEBE DPNP /JDP- MF -PSBVY IBO FNQSFOEJEP SFDJFOUFNFOUF FM USBCBKP EF SFIBCJMJUBDJÓO EFM BOBDSPOJT- NP TUB SFIBCJMJUBDJÓO DPO- MMFWB VO FTGVFS[P TVQSFNP EF USBTUPDBDJÓO P USBTUPSOBDJÓO EFM UJFNQP IJTUÓSJDP TVQPOF FO PUSBT QBMBCSBT QFOTBS RVF FYJTUFONPEPTEFDPOFYJÓOFO MB IJTUPSJB RVF QPEFNPT MMB- NBSQPTJUJWBNFOUFBOBDSPOÎBT BDPOUFDJNJFOUPT OPDJPOFT TJH- OJàDBDJPOFTRVFUPNBOFMUJFN- QPBMSFWÊT RVFIBDFODJSDVMBS FM TFOUJEP EF VOB NBOFSB RVF FTDBQB B UPEB DPOUFNQPSBOFJ- EBE BUPEBJEFOUJEBEEFMUJFN- QP DPOTJHP NJTNP -B QSPQJB JEFBEFNVMUJQMJDJEBEEFMÎOFBT UFNQPSBMFT EF UJFNQPT IJT- UÓSJDPT EJWFSTPT JODMVJEPT FO
  • 60. Historiografía postmoderna VO jNJTNPv UJFNQP IJTUÓSJDP FT MB DPOEJDJÓO EFM IBDFS IJT- UÓSJDP M BOBDSPOJTNP FT EF FTUF NPEP QFOTBEP DPNP VO TFHNFOUP EF UJFNQP DPNP VOB FTRVJSMB EF TFOUJEP RVF JMVNJOBVONPNFOUPIJTUÓSJDP EFUFSNJOBEPYQVFTUPFOVOB HSBNÃUJDBCFOKBNJOJBOB FOFM MFOHVBKF EFM #FOKBNJO EF MBT TesisTPCSFMBIJTUPSJB FMBOB- DSPOJTNP FT MB QSÃDUJDB EF MB IJTUPSJBBDPOUSBQFMP FTVOTBM- UPEFUJHSFIBDJBFMQBTBEP FT FMDFQJMMPNBUFSJBMJTUBVUJMJ[BEP BDPOUSBQFMPEFMBIJTUPSJB 1BSB IJTUPSJBEPSFT DPNP %JEJ)VCFSNBO FM BOBDSPOJT- NP TVSHF FO FM QMJFHVF FYBDUP EF MB SFMBDJÓO FOUSF JNBHFO F IJTUPSJBOTFOUJEPFTUSJDUP FM BOBDSPOJTNP OPNCSB MB TVT- QFOTJÓORVFUPEBJNBHFOQSP- EVDF FO MB IJTUPSJB RVF QPSUB MB TVQFSWJWFODJB EF NFNPSJBT NÙMUJQMFT Z DPOUSBEJDUPSJBT )JTUPSJB TJODPQBEB IJTUPSJB EF TÎOUPNBT MB MMBNB %JEJ )VCFSNBO TUB IJTUPSJB TFSÎB VOB IJTUPSJB EF VOB IFUFSPHF- 59 OFJEBE SBEJDBM EF SVQUVSBT EF FNFSHFODJBT BM QVOUP RVF TÓMPIBCSÎBIJTUPSJBEFBOBDSP- OJTNPT jIJTUPSJB BOBDSÓOJDBv %JEJ)VCFSNBO Ante el tiem-po Q 1BSB/JDPMF-PSBVY VOB EFGFOTB EFM BOBDSPOJTNP FOIJTUPSJBPCMJHBSÎBBQSFHVO- UBS QPSFKFNQMP QPSRVÊFOMPT USBCBKPT EF IJTUPSJBEPSFT UBO JNQPSUBOUFTQBSBFMEFTBSSPMMP BDUVBMEFMPTFTUVEJPTDMÃTJDPT DPNPTPO1JFSSF7JEBM/BRVFU Z+FBO1JFSSF7FSOBSU MBTSFGF- SFODJBT B 'SFVE P B /JFU[TDIF FTUÃOBVTFOUFTPTJMFODJBEBT -BEJTZVODJÓOFOMBQSFTFO- DJBNJTNBEFMQSFTFOUF FTBFT- QFDJFEFOPDPOUFNQPSBOFJEBE DPOTJHP NJTNP EFM UJFNQP FT BMHPRVFMBjBOBDSPOÎBvEJDFZ OPEJDFBMBWF[1BSBFYQSFTBS- MPFOUÊSNJOPTEF%FSSJEB EFM %FSSJEBEFEspectros de Marx MB BOBDSPOÎB FO IJTUPSJB OPN- CSBSÎBVOQFOTBNJFOUPBCJFSUP BMQPSWFOJSEFMBDPOUFDJNJFOUP BMBQSPNFTBEFTVSBEJDBMIF- UFSPHFOFJEBE r -FDUVSBT TVHFSJEBT8BMUFS #FOKBNJO La dialéctica en suspenso. Fragmentos sobre historia 4BOUJBHP EF $IJMF 6OJWFSTJEBE3$*4-0.FEJDJPOFT EPMGP8JMMZ Historia a contrapelo. Una constelación .ÊYJDP EJDJP- OFTSB DBQj7JPMFODJB EFTQPKP HMPCBMJ[BDJÓOv (FPSHFT %JEJ)VCFSNBO Ante el tiempo. Historia del arte y anacronismo de las imágenes #VFOPTJSFT ESJB- OB )JEBMHP FEJUPSB +BDRVFT %FSSJEB Espectros
  • 61. -VJT(%F.VTTZr.JHVFM7BMEFSSBNB de Marx. El estado de la deuda, el trabajo del duelo y la nueva internacional .BESJE EJUPSJBM 5SPUUB DBQj*OZVODJPOFTEF.BSYv/JDPMF-PSBVY jMPHFEF MBOBDISPOJTNF FO IJTUPJSFv Le Genre humain / 1BSJT QQ +BDRVFT 3BODJÍSF j-F DPODFQU EBOBDISPOJTNFFUMBWFSJUBEFMIJTUPSJFOv L’Inactuel / 1BSJT QQ-VDJFO'FCWSF El problema de la incredulidad en el siglo XVI. La religión de Rabelais .ÊYJDP 65) OESÊ #VSHVJÍSF EJS Diccio-nario de las Ciencias históricas .BESJE EJDJPOFTLBM FOUSBEBjOBDSPOJTNPv 60
  • 62. Historiografía postmoderna 61 #ñ÷ïúéîġé 2ýñĂĕû øýíìé QBSFDFS VOB QBSBEPKBRVFFOMBÊQPDBEFMB jNVFSUF EFM BVUPSv EF MB IJT- UPSJBFOUFOEJEBDPNPjQSPDFTP TJOTVKFUPv TFFTUÊFOQSFTFODJB EFVOBFTQFDJFEFWVFMUBEFMB CJPHSBGÎB PEFFTDSJUVSBTBàOFT B FMMB DPNP TPO MBT IJTUPSJBT EFWJEB FMHÊOFSPUFTUJNPOJBM MBBVUPCJPHSBGÎB MPTSFMBUPTEF WJEB Z MB BVUPFOUSFWJTUB 5P- EPTFTUPTHÊOFSPTEFTQMJFHBOB QSJNFSBWJTUBVOQSPHSBNBEF SFQSFTFOUBDJÓO IJTUÓSJDB PSHB- OJ[BEPBQBSUJSEFMBJEFOUJàDB- DJÓO FOUSF FTDSJUVSB Z WJEB P BM NFOPT B QBSUJS EFM TVQVFT- UP EF RVF VOB WJEB QVFEB TFS SFQSFTFOUBEB P DPOUBEB FO MB FTDSJUVSB T NÃT FO VO QSJ- NFS NPNFOUP FTUBT FTDSJUVSBT EFM bios QBSFDJFSBO FODPOUSBS TV KVTUJàDBDJÓO ÙMUJNB FO MB SFGPSNVMBDJÓO EF MB WJFKB JEFB OFPLBOUJBOB F IJTUPSJDJTUB EF RVF MB IJTUPSJB VOJWFSTBM FT MB CJPHSBGÎB MB BVUPCJPHSBGÎB EF MB IVNBOJEBE 3BZNPOE SPO La philosophie critique de l’histoire %FTEF DJFSUB QFSTQFDUJWB DSÎUJDB B àO B VOB MFDUVSB FT- USVDUVSBMPEJBMÊDUJDBEFMBTP- DJFEBE FMHÊOFSPCJPHSÃàDPTF DPOTJEFSBVOWJFKPMFHBEPEFMB DVMUVSB CVSHVFTB DVZP FGFDUP FTFODJBM FT PDVMUBS P EJTGSB[BS MBTEFTJHVBMEBEFTTPDJBMFT1PS UBOUP MB CJPHSBGÎB MPT SFMBUPT EFWJEBZMBBVUPCJPHSBGÎBTVF- MFOTFSWJTUBTDPNPGVFOUFTEF BMJFOBDJÓO TPDJBM PGSFDJEBT B CVFO QSFDJP B VO NFSDBEP EF MFDUPSFT ÃWJEPT EF MFFS FO MBT WJEBT EF jPUSPTv MB SFWBODIB RVF VOB WJEB NJTFSBCMF QVFEF DPCSBS TPCSF TV USJTUF TVFSUF DPUJEJBOB 4JO FNCBSHP Z FO TJOUPOÎBDPOMBIFSFODJBDSÎUJDB EF USBEJDJPOFT NBSYJTUBT IFUF- SPEPYBTBMBQFSTQFDUJWBEJBMÊ- DUJDB Z FTUSVDUVSBM UBNCJÊO FT QPTJCMF FODPOUSBS QPTJDJPOFT GBWPSBCMFTBMBCJPHSBGÎBZMPT SFMBUPT EF WJEB DPNP MBT EF 8BMUFS #FOKBNJO QBSB RVJFO