SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 51
GOVERNANCE
CONTENT
• The Concept of Governance
• Governance and Sustainable Human Development
• ​The Art of Governing
• Theories of Governance
• The Eight Characteristics of Good Governance by UNDP
• Four Basic Elements of Good Governance
• Institute on Governance: Five Principles of Good Governance
THE CONCEPT OF
GOVERNANCE
3
GOVERNMENT
VS.
GOVERNANCE
GOVERNMENT = AUTHORITY+ POWER
5
GOVERNANCE IS HOW THE AUTHORITY
AND POWER IS USED TO GOVERN.
6
Government is a group of people who rule or
run the administration of a country.
Governance is the act of governing or ruling.
VARYING DEFINITIONS
OF GOVERNANCE
8
Traditions and institutions in which by which authority in
a country is exercised
- Kaufman et al
“
Governance is....
“
Promoting fairness, transparency, and accountability
- World Bank
“
Governance is....
“
In broad terms, governance is about the institutional
environment in which citizens interact among
themselves and with government or official.
-(ADB, 2005)
“
Governance is....
“
UNDP's primary interest lies in how effectively
the state serves the needs of its people.
“
Governance According to UNDP
“
BRANCHES OFGOVERNANCE
13
1. Economic Governance-includesdecision-makingprocessesthat
affect a country's economic activitiesand its relationship with other
economies.
2. Political Governance-the process of decision makingto
formulate policy.
3. Administrative governance-the systemof policy implementation.
GOVERNANCE & SUSTAINABLE
HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
14
Government & Human development is one
of the major criteria of the performance of
governments, and is measured by:
• Health
• Education
• and Income.
15
Sustainable Human development
• Sustainable human development is the idea that human societies
must live and meet their needs without compromising the ability of
futuregenerations to meet their own needs.
• The actual satisfaction of all human needs especially the basic
human necessities ranging from food, shelter, house, environment
and the likes.
• Sustainable human development is the promise of a political
response to a number of issues, and governance is the coordination
of that response.
16
Importance of Sustainable Human development
• Helps countries grow in ways that adapt to the challenges
posed by climate change, which will in turn help to protect
important natural resources for ours and future
generations.
17
Relationship between Governance and Human
Development
• Good governance is central to creating and sustaining an
environment, which fosters strong and equitable development
• It helps to foster human development, develop existing capacities
and focus on long-term sustainability of development gains.
• The government takes responsibility for the social and economic
development of the country
18
Sustainable development goal
• end poverty
• protect the earth's environment and climate
• and ensure people everywhere can enjoy peace and prosperity.
19
THE ART OF
GOVERNING
To govern is to exercise power and authority over a
territory, system, or organization which applies to both
government and governance.
GOVERNMENT AND
GOVERNANCE
Government (Rules and Controls) - A government is the
system that rule, which relies on force to exact
compliance,can have a connotation of beinginterested
only in maintenance and preservingpeace and order.
Governance(Orchestratesand Manages) - Governance
is a processthat implies leadershiptoward societal
development, whereby elements in society wieldpower
and authority, influence andenact policies and decisions
concerning public life, economic andsocial
development.
22
23
The Need for Good Governance:
Why Governance Matters Good
Governance creates a strong future for an
organization by continuouslysteering towards
a vision and making sure that day-to-day
management is always lined up with the
organization'sgoals. At its core, governance is
about leadership.
THEORIES OF
GOVERNANCE
The Governance is ultimately
concerned with creating the
conditions for ordered rule and
collective action.
25
The Governance refers to the
development of governing styles in
which boundaries between and
within public and private sectors
have become blurred.
FIVE PROPOSITIONS
1. Governance refers to institution and actors from within and beyondgovernment
2. Governance identifies the blurring of boundaries andresponsibilitiesfor tackling
social and economic issues.
3. Governance identifies the power dependenceinvolved in the relationships
between institutions involvedin collective action.
4. Governanceis about autonomous self-governingnetworks of actors.
5. Governancerecognizesthe capacityto get things done which does not rest on the
power of government to command or use its authority.
27
“Governance is about maintaining
public-sector resources under
some degree of political control and
developing strategies to sustain
government’s capacity to act.”
WHAT IS GOOD GOVERNANCE?
One goal of good governance is to enable an
organization to do its work and fulfill its mission. Good
governance results in organizational effectiveness.
Good governance is about both achieving desired
results and achieving them in the right way.
29
THE EIGHT
CHARACTERISTICS OF
GOOD GOVERNANCE
BY UNDP
30
GOOD GOVERNANCE?
What is a
31
PARTICIPATION
1.
All Men and Women
32
RULE OF LAW
2.
Legal and Laws
33
TRANSPARENCY
3.
Visible information
34
RESPONSIVENESS
4.
Timely
35
CONSENSUS ORIENTED
5.
Agreement
36
EQUITY AND
INCLUSIVENESS
6.
Equal opportunities
37
EFFECTIVENESS AND
EFFICIENCY
7.
Best use of resources
38
ACCOUNTABILITY
8.
Responsible
39
FOUR BASIC
ELEMENTS OF
GOOD
GOVERNANCE
40
ACCOUNTABILITY MEANS MAKING PUBLIC
OFFICIALS ANSWERABLE FOR GOVERNMENT
BEHAVIOR AND RESPONSIVE TO THE ENTITY
FROM WHICH THEY DERIVE AUTHORITY.
41
Participation refers to enhancing
people’s access to and influence
on public policy processes.
42
Predictability refers to the
existence of laws, regulations
and policies to regulate society
and the fair and consistent
application of these.
44
Transparency refers to the availability of
Information to the general public and
clear government rules, regulations, and
decisions.
INSTITUTE ON GOVERNANCE
FIVE PRINCIPLES OF GOOD
GOVERNANCE
The UNDP Principles and related UNDP
text on which they are based. The Institute
on Governance has identified five
principles of governance, using as basis
the UNDPs indicators of good governance.
45
Legitimacy Participation — all men and women should have a voice in
decision-making, either directly or through legitimate intermediate
institutions that represent their intention. Such broad participation is
built on freedom of association and speech, as well as capacitiesto
participateconstructively. Consensus orientation – good governance
mediates differing interests to reach a broad consensus on what is in
the best interest of the group and, where possible, on policies and
procedures.
46
Direction StrategicVision - leaders and the public have a broad and
long-term perspective on good governance and human
development, along with a sense of what is needed for such
development. There is also an understanding of the historical,
cultural,and social complexities in which that perspective is
grounded.
47
Performance Responsiveness – institutions and processes try
to serve all stakeholders. Effectiveness and efficiency –
processes and institutions produce results that meet needs
while making the best use of resources.
48
Accountability Transparency – transparency is built on the free flow
of information. Processes, institutions, and information are directly
accessible to those concerned with them, and enough information
is provided to understand and monitor them.
49
Fairness Equity – all men and women have opportunities to improve
or maintain their well-being. Rule of Law – legal frameworks
should be fair and enforced impartially, particularlythe laws on
human rights.
50
THANK YOU

More Related Content

Similar to Governance - NSTP presentation .pptx

Governance for development issues and cocerns
Governance for development  issues and cocernsGovernance for development  issues and cocerns
Governance for development issues and cocerns
Sanjay Mishra
 
Governance theory……………………………………………………………
Governance theory……………………………………………………………Governance theory……………………………………………………………
Governance theory……………………………………………………………
AugustBabel
 

Similar to Governance - NSTP presentation .pptx (20)

Governance for development issues and cocerns
Governance for development  issues and cocernsGovernance for development  issues and cocerns
Governance for development issues and cocerns
 
Sustainable development
Sustainable developmentSustainable development
Sustainable development
 
Public Administration as Governance
Public Administration as GovernancePublic Administration as Governance
Public Administration as Governance
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE
GOOD GOVERNANCEGOOD GOVERNANCE
GOOD GOVERNANCE
 
corporate-governance-business-ethics-risk-management-and-internal-control-ch-...
corporate-governance-business-ethics-risk-management-and-internal-control-ch-...corporate-governance-business-ethics-risk-management-and-internal-control-ch-...
corporate-governance-business-ethics-risk-management-and-internal-control-ch-...
 
An Overview Of The Transformation Agenda: The Ekiti State, Nigeria Experience
An Overview Of The Transformation Agenda: The Ekiti State, Nigeria ExperienceAn Overview Of The Transformation Agenda: The Ekiti State, Nigeria Experience
An Overview Of The Transformation Agenda: The Ekiti State, Nigeria Experience
 
Emerging trends in public administration
Emerging trends in public administrationEmerging trends in public administration
Emerging trends in public administration
 
Governance theory……………………………………………………………
Governance theory……………………………………………………………Governance theory……………………………………………………………
Governance theory……………………………………………………………
 
Governance for sustainable development
Governance for sustainable developmentGovernance for sustainable development
Governance for sustainable development
 
Seminar on introduction of administration
Seminar on introduction of administrationSeminar on introduction of administration
Seminar on introduction of administration
 
Education for Righteous Public Administration
Education for Righteous Public AdministrationEducation for Righteous Public Administration
Education for Righteous Public Administration
 
Developing administrative and management skills in mitigating their challenge...
Developing administrative and management skills in mitigating their challenge...Developing administrative and management skills in mitigating their challenge...
Developing administrative and management skills in mitigating their challenge...
 
GOOD GOVERNANCE-PRINCIPLES
GOOD GOVERNANCE-PRINCIPLESGOOD GOVERNANCE-PRINCIPLES
GOOD GOVERNANCE-PRINCIPLES
 
Goodgovernance 170218155607
Goodgovernance 170218155607Goodgovernance 170218155607
Goodgovernance 170218155607
 
Good Governance: A matter of Choice or Compulsion for Developing Nations.
Good Governance: A matter of Choice or Compulsion for Developing Nations.Good Governance: A matter of Choice or Compulsion for Developing Nations.
Good Governance: A matter of Choice or Compulsion for Developing Nations.
 
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD GOVERNANCE.pdf
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD GOVERNANCE.pdfCHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD GOVERNANCE.pdf
CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD GOVERNANCE.pdf
 
Management of non profit organisation module 3
Management of non profit organisation module 3Management of non profit organisation module 3
Management of non profit organisation module 3
 
Good Governance and Youth
Good Governance and YouthGood Governance and Youth
Good Governance and Youth
 
Group-6-The-Concept-of-Governance.pdf
Group-6-The-Concept-of-Governance.pdfGroup-6-The-Concept-of-Governance.pdf
Group-6-The-Concept-of-Governance.pdf
 
Day 1 human rights based approach
Day 1   human rights based approachDay 1   human rights based approach
Day 1 human rights based approach
 

Recently uploaded

PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
Faga1939
 
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatóriosR$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
Maurílio Júnior
 

Recently uploaded (20)

23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
23052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
20052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
20052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf20052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
20052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
25052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirt
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-ShirtNika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirt
Nika Muhl Visa Approval Shirt, Nika Muhl Visa Approval T-Shirt
 
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdfMay 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
May 2024 - Crypto Market Report_FINAL.pdf
 
19052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
19052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf19052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
19052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
Have A Complimentary Cheat Sheet, On Us!!!
 
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics
2024 - Love and Madness - a book about love, madness, heartbreak and politics
 
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
24052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
21052024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T ShirtMinnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
Minnesota Timberwolves Bring Ya Ass T Shirt
 
Embed-3-1-1.pdf The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
Embed-3-1-1.pdf  The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:Embed-3-1-1.pdf  The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
Embed-3-1-1.pdf The ECI direction on April 2, 2024 can be read here:
 
Encore portal Project PPt on live portal
Encore portal Project PPt on live portalEncore portal Project PPt on live portal
Encore portal Project PPt on live portal
 
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;jEmbed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
Embed-4-1-1.pdf vm ;sdkp[kdp[kpdkpodp;p;j
 
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive SummaryDominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
Dominican American Coalition PAC Executive Summary
 
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejololMeta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
Meta_AI_ads_investigation.pdfldoljjwejolejolol
 
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
PEACE BETWEEN ISRAEL AND PALESTINE REQUIRES EXTREMISTS OUT OF POWER AND RESTR...
 
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
Embed-4-3 (1).pdf cvxx'f['df[p'lf][l][fl][fl][][l[
 
israeil_bnetaniahou_panel_report_eng.pdf
israeil_bnetaniahou_panel_report_eng.pdfisraeil_bnetaniahou_panel_report_eng.pdf
israeil_bnetaniahou_panel_report_eng.pdf
 
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatóriosR$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
R$ 78 milhões: Estado aprova 593 propostas para acordos diretos de precatórios
 

Governance - NSTP presentation .pptx

  • 2. CONTENT • The Concept of Governance • Governance and Sustainable Human Development • ​The Art of Governing • Theories of Governance • The Eight Characteristics of Good Governance by UNDP • Four Basic Elements of Good Governance • Institute on Governance: Five Principles of Good Governance
  • 6. GOVERNANCE IS HOW THE AUTHORITY AND POWER IS USED TO GOVERN. 6
  • 7. Government is a group of people who rule or run the administration of a country. Governance is the act of governing or ruling.
  • 9. Traditions and institutions in which by which authority in a country is exercised - Kaufman et al “ Governance is.... “
  • 10. Promoting fairness, transparency, and accountability - World Bank “ Governance is.... “
  • 11. In broad terms, governance is about the institutional environment in which citizens interact among themselves and with government or official. -(ADB, 2005) “ Governance is.... “
  • 12. UNDP's primary interest lies in how effectively the state serves the needs of its people. “ Governance According to UNDP “
  • 13. BRANCHES OFGOVERNANCE 13 1. Economic Governance-includesdecision-makingprocessesthat affect a country's economic activitiesand its relationship with other economies. 2. Political Governance-the process of decision makingto formulate policy. 3. Administrative governance-the systemof policy implementation.
  • 15. Government & Human development is one of the major criteria of the performance of governments, and is measured by: • Health • Education • and Income. 15
  • 16. Sustainable Human development • Sustainable human development is the idea that human societies must live and meet their needs without compromising the ability of futuregenerations to meet their own needs. • The actual satisfaction of all human needs especially the basic human necessities ranging from food, shelter, house, environment and the likes. • Sustainable human development is the promise of a political response to a number of issues, and governance is the coordination of that response. 16
  • 17. Importance of Sustainable Human development • Helps countries grow in ways that adapt to the challenges posed by climate change, which will in turn help to protect important natural resources for ours and future generations. 17
  • 18. Relationship between Governance and Human Development • Good governance is central to creating and sustaining an environment, which fosters strong and equitable development • It helps to foster human development, develop existing capacities and focus on long-term sustainability of development gains. • The government takes responsibility for the social and economic development of the country 18
  • 19. Sustainable development goal • end poverty • protect the earth's environment and climate • and ensure people everywhere can enjoy peace and prosperity. 19
  • 21. To govern is to exercise power and authority over a territory, system, or organization which applies to both government and governance.
  • 22. GOVERNMENT AND GOVERNANCE Government (Rules and Controls) - A government is the system that rule, which relies on force to exact compliance,can have a connotation of beinginterested only in maintenance and preservingpeace and order. Governance(Orchestratesand Manages) - Governance is a processthat implies leadershiptoward societal development, whereby elements in society wieldpower and authority, influence andenact policies and decisions concerning public life, economic andsocial development. 22
  • 23. 23 The Need for Good Governance: Why Governance Matters Good Governance creates a strong future for an organization by continuouslysteering towards a vision and making sure that day-to-day management is always lined up with the organization'sgoals. At its core, governance is about leadership.
  • 25. The Governance is ultimately concerned with creating the conditions for ordered rule and collective action. 25
  • 26. The Governance refers to the development of governing styles in which boundaries between and within public and private sectors have become blurred.
  • 27. FIVE PROPOSITIONS 1. Governance refers to institution and actors from within and beyondgovernment 2. Governance identifies the blurring of boundaries andresponsibilitiesfor tackling social and economic issues. 3. Governance identifies the power dependenceinvolved in the relationships between institutions involvedin collective action. 4. Governanceis about autonomous self-governingnetworks of actors. 5. Governancerecognizesthe capacityto get things done which does not rest on the power of government to command or use its authority. 27
  • 28. “Governance is about maintaining public-sector resources under some degree of political control and developing strategies to sustain government’s capacity to act.”
  • 29. WHAT IS GOOD GOVERNANCE? One goal of good governance is to enable an organization to do its work and fulfill its mission. Good governance results in organizational effectiveness. Good governance is about both achieving desired results and achieving them in the right way. 29
  • 30. THE EIGHT CHARACTERISTICS OF GOOD GOVERNANCE BY UNDP 30
  • 33. RULE OF LAW 2. Legal and Laws 33
  • 41. ACCOUNTABILITY MEANS MAKING PUBLIC OFFICIALS ANSWERABLE FOR GOVERNMENT BEHAVIOR AND RESPONSIVE TO THE ENTITY FROM WHICH THEY DERIVE AUTHORITY. 41
  • 42. Participation refers to enhancing people’s access to and influence on public policy processes. 42
  • 43. Predictability refers to the existence of laws, regulations and policies to regulate society and the fair and consistent application of these.
  • 44. 44 Transparency refers to the availability of Information to the general public and clear government rules, regulations, and decisions.
  • 45. INSTITUTE ON GOVERNANCE FIVE PRINCIPLES OF GOOD GOVERNANCE The UNDP Principles and related UNDP text on which they are based. The Institute on Governance has identified five principles of governance, using as basis the UNDPs indicators of good governance. 45
  • 46. Legitimacy Participation — all men and women should have a voice in decision-making, either directly or through legitimate intermediate institutions that represent their intention. Such broad participation is built on freedom of association and speech, as well as capacitiesto participateconstructively. Consensus orientation – good governance mediates differing interests to reach a broad consensus on what is in the best interest of the group and, where possible, on policies and procedures. 46
  • 47. Direction StrategicVision - leaders and the public have a broad and long-term perspective on good governance and human development, along with a sense of what is needed for such development. There is also an understanding of the historical, cultural,and social complexities in which that perspective is grounded. 47
  • 48. Performance Responsiveness – institutions and processes try to serve all stakeholders. Effectiveness and efficiency – processes and institutions produce results that meet needs while making the best use of resources. 48
  • 49. Accountability Transparency – transparency is built on the free flow of information. Processes, institutions, and information are directly accessible to those concerned with them, and enough information is provided to understand and monitor them. 49
  • 50. Fairness Equity – all men and women have opportunities to improve or maintain their well-being. Rule of Law – legal frameworks should be fair and enforced impartially, particularlythe laws on human rights. 50