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GOUT
AN INFLAMMATORY TYPE OF ARTHRITIS
DEFINITION
 Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by the deposition of uric acid
crystals in the joints, leading to intense pain and swelling.
It typically affects one joint at a time, often the big toe, and can cause sudden and severe
attacks known as gout flares or attacks.
TYPES
1 Acute Gout:
 Also known as a gout attack.
 The pain associated with an acute gout attack can be debilitating.
 Typically, the pain starts early in the morning and reaches its peak within 24 to 48
hours.
 Affected joints become red and swollen.
 Without medication, the pain usually subsides within about a week.
There are 2 types of GOUT
TYPES
2 Chronic Tophaceous Gout:
• In this type of gout, recurrent attacks occur chronically.
• Urate crystals may appear in various locations, including the ear, the tip of the
elbow, and the joints of the fingers.
• If left untreated, the affected joint could be gradually destroyed over time, leading
to erosion.
• The appearance of the affected joints may resemble rheumatoid arthritis, but a key
key distinction is the absence of urate crystals in the joints in rheumatoid arthritis.
CAUSES
 The primary cause of gout is hyperuricemia, where there is too much uric acid in the blood.
 Other Causes of gout Arthritis:
•Diet rich in purines (e.g., red meat, seafood)
•Excessive alcohol consumption
•Obesity
•Certain health conditions (e.g., hypertension, diabetes)
•Use of diuretics or low-dose aspirin
•Family history of gout
SYMPTOMS
 Gout symptoms may come on suddenly and include:
• Severe joint pain, especially in the big toe
• Swelling, tenderness, redness, and warmth in the affected joint
• Limited range of motion
TREATMENT
 Treatment for gout aims to reduce pain during attacks and prevent future attacks. This
may involve:
• Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
• Colchicine
• Corticosteroids
• Medications to lower uric acid levels (e.g., allopurinol)
PREVENTION
 Preventive measures include lifestyle changes such as:
• Limiting intake of purine-rich foods
• Avoiding alcohol
• Maintaining a healthy weight
• Staying hydrated
GOUT and it's Management with All the catagories like;  Defination, Type, Symptoms, diseases and prevention are included in all slides..pptx

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GOUT and it's Management with All the catagories like; Defination, Type, Symptoms, diseases and prevention are included in all slides..pptx

  • 2. DEFINITION  Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by the deposition of uric acid crystals in the joints, leading to intense pain and swelling. It typically affects one joint at a time, often the big toe, and can cause sudden and severe attacks known as gout flares or attacks.
  • 3. TYPES 1 Acute Gout:  Also known as a gout attack.  The pain associated with an acute gout attack can be debilitating.  Typically, the pain starts early in the morning and reaches its peak within 24 to 48 hours.  Affected joints become red and swollen.  Without medication, the pain usually subsides within about a week. There are 2 types of GOUT
  • 4. TYPES 2 Chronic Tophaceous Gout: • In this type of gout, recurrent attacks occur chronically. • Urate crystals may appear in various locations, including the ear, the tip of the elbow, and the joints of the fingers. • If left untreated, the affected joint could be gradually destroyed over time, leading to erosion. • The appearance of the affected joints may resemble rheumatoid arthritis, but a key key distinction is the absence of urate crystals in the joints in rheumatoid arthritis.
  • 5. CAUSES  The primary cause of gout is hyperuricemia, where there is too much uric acid in the blood.  Other Causes of gout Arthritis: •Diet rich in purines (e.g., red meat, seafood) •Excessive alcohol consumption •Obesity •Certain health conditions (e.g., hypertension, diabetes) •Use of diuretics or low-dose aspirin •Family history of gout
  • 6. SYMPTOMS  Gout symptoms may come on suddenly and include: • Severe joint pain, especially in the big toe • Swelling, tenderness, redness, and warmth in the affected joint • Limited range of motion
  • 7. TREATMENT  Treatment for gout aims to reduce pain during attacks and prevent future attacks. This may involve: • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) • Colchicine • Corticosteroids • Medications to lower uric acid levels (e.g., allopurinol)
  • 8. PREVENTION  Preventive measures include lifestyle changes such as: • Limiting intake of purine-rich foods • Avoiding alcohol • Maintaining a healthy weight • Staying hydrated