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Golden Ring
     of
Gomel oblast
GOMEL
Gomel (often mentioned in the chronicles by the
 names Gomiy, Gomey, Gomin,Gom’ Gom'e) was
 founded by a Radimichi tribe in the late 1st century A.D.
Its deditenets (old Belarusian word for a downtown)
 appeared on the right bank of the Sozh River and the
 left bank of the creek Gomjiuk flowing into the Sozh.
 From the north and west to the deditenets adjoined
  the city, around which the suburbs were formed.
 Gomel was first mentioned in the Ipatiy chronicles as the lands of the
  Prince of Chernigov and Prince Igor Olgovich. The archeological data
  show that in the 11th-13th centuries the town’s trades were iron
  working, jewelry making and bronze founding, pottery, wood
  working, bone carving, armouring. Trade ways connected the town
  with Kiev, Chernigov, Smolensk, Volyn, Northern Rus, Byzantium.
 Before the 18th century Gomel was one of the biggest towns in the
  lands of the Radimichi tribe.
   What to see in Gomel?
    First of all, the park! It
    was laid in the end of the
    18th century by Duke
    Rumiantsev around the
    palace which was built on
    his orders.
   The park serves the most
    successful example of park
    design in Belarus.
   The park on the steep
    shore of the Sozh takes 25
    hectares.
   Various species of the
    trees are efficiently
    arranged into groups
    what enhances their
    perception.
   Among the usual for
    Belarus maples, ash-
    trees and chestnuts
    there is an eastern
    white pine, Northern
    white oak and
    Manchurian walnut.
    The park made the
    palace look unique.
   The palace’s construction began in 1785 and
    finished in 20 years.
   The palace changed its looks just once – 60
    years later when it was given to General
    Paskevich.
    A new palace tower has made it even more
    impressive.
   Gomel’s park is 200 years old. It is a part of the palace-park
    ensemble which is associated with the names of
    Rumiantsevs and Paskevichs famous in Russia in the 18th-
    19th centuries. The center of the ensemble is the
    magnificent palace, a specimen of the 19th century
    classicism.
   The biggest bell in Belarus was installed in the
    bell tower in Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral in
    Gomel. The bell was made at Minsk-based
    company Splendid Castings. It was made in two
    months. It is 2 meters high, 1,5 meters in
    diameter weighing 2 tons. The bell features
    Saints Peter and Paul and also the cross of
    patron saint of Belarus Yefrosinya of Polotsk.
LOYEV
   Loyev is situated on the Dnepr River on the
    border with Ukraine. It was founded in the
    XV century.
    Throughout the centuries the Dnepr played an
    essential role in the town’s history as it connects
    the northern seas with the Black Sea basin,
    Scandinavia and Byzantium.
   In the old days it was a route which earned a
    place in history as “the way from the Vikings to
    the Greek”.
   It was the main reason why the lands along the
    Dnepr were colonized.
    More so, the territory was the bone of
    contention for many centuries between the
    Moscow state and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
The major battle of the Cossack War 1648-
1651 between the forces loyal to Ukrainian
hetman Bohdan Khmelnitskiy and Polish
chancellor Yanush Radzivill took place on
June 31, 1649 near Loyev. It went down in
the history books as the Loyev battle. It
was the starting point of the historical
reunification of Ukraine and Russia.
The estate and the park dated
back to the first half of the 19th
century in the village Sutkovo,
Loyev region is on the list of
historical-cultural values of
Belarus. The building was
constructed in the early 19th
century (approx. 1810)
presumably by a Russian
architect since it reveals the
tendencies peculiar to the
Russian architecture school. At
the end of the century the
building was acquired by
countess Baranovskaya who
together with her husband
serving at the emperor’s court
used to come here “to take the
waters” preferring the Loyev
region to the then fancy Karlsbad
(Karlovy Vary).
The mansion of merchant
Naum Dolgin, built in 1874
The Loyev museum of the battle for
the Dnepr keeps 300 unique
exponents of the Great Patriotic
War. Among them are the pictures,
letters, wall newspapers and other
materials featuring the feats of the
heroes of the Dnepr forced
crossing.
RECHITSA
   Rechitsa is one of the oldest towns of
    Belarus. First settlements in this region are
    dated back to the epoch of mesolite (9-5th
    centuries B.C.). Later on the area was
    inhabited by the Dregovichi tribe. The town was first
    mentioned in the Novgorod chronicle in 1213 as a town
    of the Chernigov Principality. Rechitsa was also ruled
    by Kiev and Turov Grand Dukes.
   At the time of Gedimin reign (1311-1341) the town was
    annexed to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Rechitsa
    as well as Orsha, Shklov, Mogilev, Staryi Bykhov and
    Rogachev formed a well-developed frontier defense
    system at the River Dnepr.
   In Rechitsa’s district
    Dneprovskiy, on the bank
    of the Dnepr, there is a
    chapel in memory of a
    three-day stay of the vessel
    which transported the holy
    relics of Yefrosinya of
    Polotsk from Kiev to
    Polotsk in 1912.
YUROVICHI
   People started inhabiting Eastern
    Polesye some 50 thousand years ago.
    The settlement in the village Yurovichi
    of the Kalinkovichi region which is
    almost 25 thousand years old can be
    cited as an excellent example. In 1929 local people
    discovered strange bones that appeared to be
    mammoth. The archeological dig in the place
    discovered the settlement. In the 1970s five more
    settlements were found: three are dated back to
    the late Stone Age and settlements of the 6-8th
    centuries A.D.
Settlement of primitive
man in Yurovichi, relates
to the Paleolithic period
of the Stone Age,
when primitive
man used crude stone
tools, engaged in hunting
and gathering.
The village Yurovichi , is the
oldest human settlement
on the territory of Belarus.
Museum on the place
   of settlement
Later on the
archeologists
discovered the
remains of a big
medieval town
(9th -10th
centuries). It is
unknown why it
had not been
mentioned in the
chronicles.
Yurovichi is known
for their Jesuitical
collegium with the
monumental Roman-
Catholic Church of
the 18th century.
The construction of the
temple of the Nativity of the
Holy Virgin Mary in the
place where the icon was
found took 40 years. For a
long time pilgrims from
Belarus as well as from
entire Russia came to
worship the
wonderworking icon.
In the photo: icon copy of
the Nativity of the Holy
Virgin Mary, which now
decorates this
architectural monument.



                             .

                      MOZYR
    Mozyr is one of the oldest Belarusian towns.
   There are two theories suggesting the origin of
    the town’s name ‘Mozyr’. One of them runs that
    the town received its name from an ethnic group
    called ‘mazur’. The other theory pins the town’s
    name to a term ‘mosyr’, which means ‘moisture’
    (the town lies among the lakes, which form the
    flood-lands of the Pripiat).
   The written sources first mention Mozyr in 1155, when prince of
    Kiev Yuri Dolgorukiy granted the town to prince of Chernigov
    Sviatoslav Olgovich as a gratitude for assistance.
   In various periods Mozyr formed a part of Kiev, Chernigov and
    Turov principalities, since the middle of the 14th century – of the
    Grand Duchy of Lithuania and since 1569 – of Rzecz Pospolita.
   Trade and crafts were common activities in Mozyr while it was a
    part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. At the time the town had a
    status of a ‘gospodar’s town’. The term suggested that Mozyr
    belonged to the state rather than to a private landowner.
   In 1577 Mozyr was granted the Magdeburg Law.
St. Nicholas Church in Mozyr
An ethnic museum
‘Paleskaya Veda’
regularly holds
exhibitions of its
stock.
The exhibition
A Paunchy Samovar.
ТUROV
   Turov - the oldest city in the chronicles of
    Dregovichi tribe, one of the most developed
    eastern Slav tribes, they reigned before
    joining to the Ancient Rus with the
    center in Kiev.

   Obviously it was the largest settlement in the territory of
    Dregovichi and was its economic and political center,
    the original capital of the principality that emerged in
    the resettlement of the tribal alliance.

   In the "Tale of Bygone Years", it is first mentioned in 980,
    yielding Polotsk, which is known since 862.
A fragment of the
Gospel of Turov was
found in Turov in
1865. It’s named for
the place of discovery
in Turov.
The East Slav
"Chrysostom" – Cyril was
 born, lived and preached In
 Turov.
About his creative
 activity say a lot of
 original works in the
form of self-prayer,
 church teachings,
stories, and
celebrations "words".
 According to a legend, in
  ancient times Turov had 75
  churches for what it was called
  the second Jerusalem.
 Another legend says that the

  cross in the Boris and Gleb
  cemetery is one of the three
  crosses that had drifted first by the Dnepr
  then by the Pripiat from Kiev after the
 Baptism of the Ancient Rus.
 Two crosses preserved until these days and are

  now kept in the wooden All Saints’ Church.
 It is noteworthy, that the three crosses were made of stone and
  had drifted against the current.
 This is a strange and mysterious story like the history of Turov
  itself.
All Saints Church was built in 1810.
Over 200 years of its history it has never been
rebuilt, having survived the Great Patriotic
War against the French, the first World War,
the Soviet atheism, and the Great Patriotic
War. All Saints Church keeps the icon of St.
Nicholas and two Christian stone crosses
covered with legends
and traditions.

             KRASNI BEREG
    Landowner Poplevskiy, who started to build the
    mansion in such a picturesque place as Krasnyi Bereg,
    paid peasants 5 kopecks for 400 bricks brought from
    Bobruisk. Therefore those who wanted to earn some
    money were in abundance (having delivered such
    portion of bricks several times one could buy a cow).
   Lime for the brickwork was slaked beforehand in a special pit for a
    year. People threw chicken eggs and bodies of dead animals in the pit
    to improve the quality of the lime.
   The efforts resulted in a real architectural monument in the form of a
    two-storied mansion with 36 rooms having absolutely different
    finishing. The building hosted a small church.
   The construction ended in 1893. The building remained untouched by
    the war due to hospitals it accommodated – first of the Red Army,
    then – German.
There is a large gallery of
paintings in the palace
(mostly representing the
19th century art) by
Semiradskiy, Aivazovskiy,
Kondratenko.
   Near the palace there is an
    “English park” of the
    landscape-regular type and
    a garden stretching for 10
    hectares. A net of paths
    divide the park into several
    zones, one of which adjoins
    the River Dobasna.
CHECHERSK
 The town of Chechersk was first
  mentioned in chronicles in the
  12th century. It is situated near
  the confluence of the River
  Chechera and the River Sozh.
 This territory was chosen for inhabitance as
  early as in ancient times. The town was
  probably founded at the site of an ancient
  hamlet, which grew into a settlement with
  planned structure, typical of the towns of
  the 12-13th centuries.
   The post-restoration re-
    opening of the town hall – a
    specimen of the 18th
    century architecture - came
    as a pleasant surprise to
    the citizens of Chechersk.
   In the photo: Ekaterina II
    welcomes guests during
    the grand opening of the
    town hall.
   In September 2004 Chechersk celebrated its 845th anniversary.
    Alexander Pushkin visited the town on his way from exile,
    Ekaterina II participated in opening of the Saint
    Transfiguration Church, and at a later date she also met here
    with Count Rumiantsev. Nikolai II also visited Chechersk.
    Chechersk Count Zakhariy Chernyshov even established a serf
    theater at the town hall.
   Surviving architecture
    monument of 18th century - the
    Saint Transfiguration Church in
    Chechersk, which was built by
    Count Chernyshov in the
    classicism style in 1783.
VETKA
 Vetka was founded in 1685 by Old
  Believers who had fled Russia.
 In the 17th-18th centuries the
  town was a center of Raskolniks.
  Vetka of those times assimilated and
  preserved traditions of the Moscow Russia.
  Even the central square of the town was
  then bearing the same name as that in
  Moscow – Red Square. It preserved the
  name until these days.
On November 1, 1987 a
folk arts museum was
opened there. Its
exposition demonstrates
historic and cultural
peculiarities of the
region. A unique
collection of various
items ranging between
ancient icons,
manuscripts and modern
patterned towels
attracts a great number
of tourists. The museum
was founded by Fyodor
Grigorievich Shkliarov
(1925-1988), a native of
Vetka and a fervent
promoter of the local
culture.
The exposition of the
Vetka folk museum
representing wood carving
and gilding, methods of
making icons which are
rooted in the 17th century
decoration of Moscow
cathedrals, a unique
legacy of Vetka’s Old
Believers. These craftsmen
preserved an ancient
technology on setting
each icon-case in a frame
of clusters of grapes, apple
trees’ flowers, roses and
leaves.
The Gospel of Piotr
Mstislavets published
  in 1575 in Vilnya
Khalch is a village of the
Vetka region of Gomel
oblast, located on the
bank of the River Sozh.
The village is notable for
a 19th-century manor
house. Located on the
high steep it is well
observed from afar.

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English

  • 1. Golden Ring of Gomel oblast
  • 2. GOMEL Gomel (often mentioned in the chronicles by the names Gomiy, Gomey, Gomin,Gom’ Gom'e) was founded by a Radimichi tribe in the late 1st century A.D. Its deditenets (old Belarusian word for a downtown) appeared on the right bank of the Sozh River and the left bank of the creek Gomjiuk flowing into the Sozh.  From the north and west to the deditenets adjoined the city, around which the suburbs were formed.  Gomel was first mentioned in the Ipatiy chronicles as the lands of the Prince of Chernigov and Prince Igor Olgovich. The archeological data show that in the 11th-13th centuries the town’s trades were iron working, jewelry making and bronze founding, pottery, wood working, bone carving, armouring. Trade ways connected the town with Kiev, Chernigov, Smolensk, Volyn, Northern Rus, Byzantium.  Before the 18th century Gomel was one of the biggest towns in the lands of the Radimichi tribe.
  • 3. What to see in Gomel?  First of all, the park! It was laid in the end of the 18th century by Duke Rumiantsev around the palace which was built on his orders.  The park serves the most successful example of park design in Belarus.  The park on the steep shore of the Sozh takes 25 hectares.
  • 4. Various species of the trees are efficiently arranged into groups what enhances their perception.  Among the usual for Belarus maples, ash- trees and chestnuts there is an eastern white pine, Northern white oak and Manchurian walnut.  The park made the palace look unique.
  • 5. The palace’s construction began in 1785 and finished in 20 years.  The palace changed its looks just once – 60 years later when it was given to General Paskevich.  A new palace tower has made it even more impressive.
  • 6. Gomel’s park is 200 years old. It is a part of the palace-park ensemble which is associated with the names of Rumiantsevs and Paskevichs famous in Russia in the 18th- 19th centuries. The center of the ensemble is the magnificent palace, a specimen of the 19th century classicism.
  • 7. The biggest bell in Belarus was installed in the bell tower in Sts. Peter and Paul Cathedral in Gomel. The bell was made at Minsk-based company Splendid Castings. It was made in two months. It is 2 meters high, 1,5 meters in diameter weighing 2 tons. The bell features Saints Peter and Paul and also the cross of patron saint of Belarus Yefrosinya of Polotsk.
  • 8. LOYEV  Loyev is situated on the Dnepr River on the border with Ukraine. It was founded in the XV century. Throughout the centuries the Dnepr played an essential role in the town’s history as it connects the northern seas with the Black Sea basin, Scandinavia and Byzantium.  In the old days it was a route which earned a place in history as “the way from the Vikings to the Greek”.  It was the main reason why the lands along the Dnepr were colonized.  More so, the territory was the bone of contention for many centuries between the Moscow state and the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
  • 9. The major battle of the Cossack War 1648- 1651 between the forces loyal to Ukrainian hetman Bohdan Khmelnitskiy and Polish chancellor Yanush Radzivill took place on June 31, 1649 near Loyev. It went down in the history books as the Loyev battle. It was the starting point of the historical reunification of Ukraine and Russia.
  • 10. The estate and the park dated back to the first half of the 19th century in the village Sutkovo, Loyev region is on the list of historical-cultural values of Belarus. The building was constructed in the early 19th century (approx. 1810) presumably by a Russian architect since it reveals the tendencies peculiar to the Russian architecture school. At the end of the century the building was acquired by countess Baranovskaya who together with her husband serving at the emperor’s court used to come here “to take the waters” preferring the Loyev region to the then fancy Karlsbad (Karlovy Vary).
  • 11. The mansion of merchant Naum Dolgin, built in 1874
  • 12. The Loyev museum of the battle for the Dnepr keeps 300 unique exponents of the Great Patriotic War. Among them are the pictures, letters, wall newspapers and other materials featuring the feats of the heroes of the Dnepr forced crossing.
  • 13. RECHITSA  Rechitsa is one of the oldest towns of Belarus. First settlements in this region are dated back to the epoch of mesolite (9-5th centuries B.C.). Later on the area was inhabited by the Dregovichi tribe. The town was first mentioned in the Novgorod chronicle in 1213 as a town of the Chernigov Principality. Rechitsa was also ruled by Kiev and Turov Grand Dukes.  At the time of Gedimin reign (1311-1341) the town was annexed to the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. Rechitsa as well as Orsha, Shklov, Mogilev, Staryi Bykhov and Rogachev formed a well-developed frontier defense system at the River Dnepr.
  • 14. In Rechitsa’s district Dneprovskiy, on the bank of the Dnepr, there is a chapel in memory of a three-day stay of the vessel which transported the holy relics of Yefrosinya of Polotsk from Kiev to Polotsk in 1912.
  • 15. YUROVICHI  People started inhabiting Eastern Polesye some 50 thousand years ago. The settlement in the village Yurovichi of the Kalinkovichi region which is almost 25 thousand years old can be cited as an excellent example. In 1929 local people discovered strange bones that appeared to be mammoth. The archeological dig in the place discovered the settlement. In the 1970s five more settlements were found: three are dated back to the late Stone Age and settlements of the 6-8th centuries A.D.
  • 16. Settlement of primitive man in Yurovichi, relates to the Paleolithic period of the Stone Age, when primitive man used crude stone tools, engaged in hunting and gathering.
  • 17. The village Yurovichi , is the oldest human settlement on the territory of Belarus.
  • 18. Museum on the place of settlement
  • 19. Later on the archeologists discovered the remains of a big medieval town (9th -10th centuries). It is unknown why it had not been mentioned in the chronicles.
  • 20. Yurovichi is known for their Jesuitical collegium with the monumental Roman- Catholic Church of the 18th century.
  • 21. The construction of the temple of the Nativity of the Holy Virgin Mary in the place where the icon was found took 40 years. For a long time pilgrims from Belarus as well as from entire Russia came to worship the wonderworking icon.
  • 22. In the photo: icon copy of the Nativity of the Holy Virgin Mary, which now decorates this architectural monument. .
  • 23. MOZYR Mozyr is one of the oldest Belarusian towns.  There are two theories suggesting the origin of the town’s name ‘Mozyr’. One of them runs that the town received its name from an ethnic group called ‘mazur’. The other theory pins the town’s name to a term ‘mosyr’, which means ‘moisture’ (the town lies among the lakes, which form the flood-lands of the Pripiat).  The written sources first mention Mozyr in 1155, when prince of Kiev Yuri Dolgorukiy granted the town to prince of Chernigov Sviatoslav Olgovich as a gratitude for assistance.  In various periods Mozyr formed a part of Kiev, Chernigov and Turov principalities, since the middle of the 14th century – of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and since 1569 – of Rzecz Pospolita.  Trade and crafts were common activities in Mozyr while it was a part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania. At the time the town had a status of a ‘gospodar’s town’. The term suggested that Mozyr belonged to the state rather than to a private landowner.  In 1577 Mozyr was granted the Magdeburg Law.
  • 25. An ethnic museum ‘Paleskaya Veda’ regularly holds exhibitions of its stock. The exhibition A Paunchy Samovar.
  • 26. ТUROV  Turov - the oldest city in the chronicles of Dregovichi tribe, one of the most developed eastern Slav tribes, they reigned before joining to the Ancient Rus with the center in Kiev.  Obviously it was the largest settlement in the territory of Dregovichi and was its economic and political center, the original capital of the principality that emerged in the resettlement of the tribal alliance.  In the "Tale of Bygone Years", it is first mentioned in 980, yielding Polotsk, which is known since 862.
  • 27. A fragment of the Gospel of Turov was found in Turov in 1865. It’s named for the place of discovery in Turov.
  • 28. The East Slav "Chrysostom" – Cyril was born, lived and preached In Turov. About his creative activity say a lot of original works in the form of self-prayer, church teachings, stories, and celebrations "words".
  • 29.  According to a legend, in ancient times Turov had 75 churches for what it was called the second Jerusalem.  Another legend says that the cross in the Boris and Gleb cemetery is one of the three crosses that had drifted first by the Dnepr then by the Pripiat from Kiev after the Baptism of the Ancient Rus.  Two crosses preserved until these days and are now kept in the wooden All Saints’ Church.  It is noteworthy, that the three crosses were made of stone and had drifted against the current.  This is a strange and mysterious story like the history of Turov itself.
  • 30. All Saints Church was built in 1810. Over 200 years of its history it has never been rebuilt, having survived the Great Patriotic War against the French, the first World War, the Soviet atheism, and the Great Patriotic War. All Saints Church keeps the icon of St. Nicholas and two Christian stone crosses covered with legends and traditions.
  • 31. KRASNI BEREG Landowner Poplevskiy, who started to build the mansion in such a picturesque place as Krasnyi Bereg, paid peasants 5 kopecks for 400 bricks brought from Bobruisk. Therefore those who wanted to earn some money were in abundance (having delivered such portion of bricks several times one could buy a cow).  Lime for the brickwork was slaked beforehand in a special pit for a year. People threw chicken eggs and bodies of dead animals in the pit to improve the quality of the lime.  The efforts resulted in a real architectural monument in the form of a two-storied mansion with 36 rooms having absolutely different finishing. The building hosted a small church.  The construction ended in 1893. The building remained untouched by the war due to hospitals it accommodated – first of the Red Army, then – German.
  • 32. There is a large gallery of paintings in the palace (mostly representing the 19th century art) by Semiradskiy, Aivazovskiy, Kondratenko.
  • 33. Near the palace there is an “English park” of the landscape-regular type and a garden stretching for 10 hectares. A net of paths divide the park into several zones, one of which adjoins the River Dobasna.
  • 34. CHECHERSK  The town of Chechersk was first mentioned in chronicles in the 12th century. It is situated near the confluence of the River Chechera and the River Sozh.  This territory was chosen for inhabitance as early as in ancient times. The town was probably founded at the site of an ancient hamlet, which grew into a settlement with planned structure, typical of the towns of the 12-13th centuries.
  • 35. The post-restoration re- opening of the town hall – a specimen of the 18th century architecture - came as a pleasant surprise to the citizens of Chechersk.  In the photo: Ekaterina II welcomes guests during the grand opening of the town hall.
  • 36. In September 2004 Chechersk celebrated its 845th anniversary. Alexander Pushkin visited the town on his way from exile, Ekaterina II participated in opening of the Saint Transfiguration Church, and at a later date she also met here with Count Rumiantsev. Nikolai II also visited Chechersk. Chechersk Count Zakhariy Chernyshov even established a serf theater at the town hall.
  • 37. Surviving architecture monument of 18th century - the Saint Transfiguration Church in Chechersk, which was built by Count Chernyshov in the classicism style in 1783.
  • 38. VETKA  Vetka was founded in 1685 by Old Believers who had fled Russia.  In the 17th-18th centuries the town was a center of Raskolniks. Vetka of those times assimilated and preserved traditions of the Moscow Russia. Even the central square of the town was then bearing the same name as that in Moscow – Red Square. It preserved the name until these days.
  • 39. On November 1, 1987 a folk arts museum was opened there. Its exposition demonstrates historic and cultural peculiarities of the region. A unique collection of various items ranging between ancient icons, manuscripts and modern patterned towels attracts a great number of tourists. The museum was founded by Fyodor Grigorievich Shkliarov (1925-1988), a native of Vetka and a fervent promoter of the local culture.
  • 40. The exposition of the Vetka folk museum representing wood carving and gilding, methods of making icons which are rooted in the 17th century decoration of Moscow cathedrals, a unique legacy of Vetka’s Old Believers. These craftsmen preserved an ancient technology on setting each icon-case in a frame of clusters of grapes, apple trees’ flowers, roses and leaves.
  • 41. The Gospel of Piotr Mstislavets published in 1575 in Vilnya
  • 42. Khalch is a village of the Vetka region of Gomel oblast, located on the bank of the River Sozh. The village is notable for a 19th-century manor house. Located on the high steep it is well observed from afar.