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Part 1: Expression (20 items)
(ltems 1 - 20= 1 point each)
lnstruction : Choose the most appropriate answer for each blank.
Situation 1: Mali speaks to Dara as they exit the classroom together.
Mali: Dara, you don't look happy. You look so concerned. (1)
Dara: I'm worried about the Quota Exam. l've been studying hard for months.
But (2)
Mali: lt's not the end of the world. (3) You still have days to go.
Dara: Sure, 3 days to cram things into my head.
Mali: well, let's keep our fingers crossed and (4)
1. 1. What got into you?
3. What was happening?
2. 1. l'm still preparing it.
3. I'm not fully prepared yet.
3. 1. Be alert!
3. Watch out!
4. 1. make it up.
3. walk hand in hand.
2. What's on your mind?
4. What has been done?
2. I have yet to be prepared.
4. I have not been prepared.
2. Slow down!
4. Be optimistic!
2. hope for the best.
4. bring this to an end.
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Situation 2: Kanya is a student working part-time at a department store.
Kanya: Good afternoon, sir! (5)
Customer: Yes, could I see your cameras, please?
I saw your ad about some cameras you have on sale.
Kanya: All our cameras are in this section. (6) this X-20
model here?
Customer: lt looks very nice. How much is it?
Kanya: lt's six thousand baht plus tax.
Customer: (7)
Kanya: The price is already 50% off and the camera comes with a leather case.
Customer: OK. (8) Could you gift wrap it for me?
Kanya: Sure. ls there anything else I can get for you?
Customer: No. (9) , thank you.
2. Did you find anything?
4. What help are you looking for?
5. 1. How may I help you?
3. Would you come with me?
6. 1. Do you care for
3. What do you think of
7. 1. What's the original price?
3. How long is the promotion?
r'
8. 1. I'll take it.
3. I'll buy everything.
9. 1. That's perfect
3. That could be it
2. Would you prefer
4. How do you think of
2. Can you give me a discount?
4. Does it include a warranty?
2. I'll come back later.
4. I'll order soon.
2. That will be all
4. That must be enough
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Situation 3: Somchai runs into Nida on campus.
Somchai: Hi, Nida. How are you?
Nida: Hi, Somchai. l'm fine, thank you. (10)
How've you been?
somchai: Good, thanks. I see you've just walked out of the science Building.
You're not taking classes in biology or something, are you?
Nida: No. I was just visiting a friend of mine who's studying biochemistry.
Actually, (1 1)
Somchai: Oh! I was just going to have something to eat as well. (12)
Nida: That would be great. The Student Union cafeteria is quite near here.
I go there sometimes. lt's cheap.
Somchai: Yes, it's cheap......But (13)
Being a health-conscious person, that's one place I try to avoid as much as possible.
I only go there when l'm low on money.
All right, all right. (14)_,then. where would you like to go?
There's a new restaurant at the front gate
They say the service is quick, the food is
of the university.
tasty, and (15)
Nida:
Somchai:
2.
4.
10. 1.
3.
2.
4.
11. 1.
3.
2.
4.
12. 1.
3.
13. 1.
3.
14. 1.
3.
We no longer see each other.
It's a longer time since we met.
I already had lunch.
I'm on my way to lunch.
Could we share our meal?
Shall we go to lunch togeth er?
you will never know!
you cannot be choosy!
Call it off
Pick a place
It's nice to meet you
I haven't seen you for ages.
I'm doing my lunch.
I was waiting for lunch.
Can we suggest our meal?
Should we get together for lunch?
you get what you pay for!
you should do your best!
Be ready
Give me a hand
2.
4.
2.
4.
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2,
4.
15. 1.
3.
the bill is fast.
the cost is special.
(20)
How exciting!
What a relief!
What should we be thinking?
What do you have in mind?
No big deal!
Not quite right!
I'll keep an eye on the road.
I'll be responsible with the traffic.
I hope so too.
l'm afraid not.
the rate is high.
the price is reasonable.
Situation 4: Prapai and Suchada are planning their weekend.
Wow, we made it through two exams this week! Can you believe that?
Yes. (16)
Let's do something fun for a change.
(17)
How about a picnic at Mae Fah Luang Waterfall?
(18) Who else is going?
You, ffie, Kanda, and perhaps Satira might want to come along.
What kind of food and drink should we prepare?
You and Kanda can take care of that. (19)
I hope it doesn't rain.
Prapai:
Suchada:
Prapai.
Suchada:
Prapai:
Suchada:
Prapai:
Suchada:
Prapai:
Suchada.
Prapai:
2,
4.
16. 1.
3.
2.
4.
17. 1.
'3.
2.
4.
18. 1.
3.
2.
4.
19. 1.
3.
2.
4.
1,
3.
How boring!
What a nuisance!
What are you
What is your
doing?
comment?
Sounds great to me!
Looks good to me!
l'll manage the
I'll be in charge
Certainly not.
I agree.
direction.
of the transportation.
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Part 2: Structure (25 items)
(ltems 21 - 45: l point each)
A. (ltems 21 - 30)
Instruction: choose the correct answer for each blank below.
21- Having lived in Thailand for seven years, Anne _ Thai with all of her Thai friends.
22. of chocolate can result in restlessness in children.
1. Excessive consumption 2. Excessively consumption
3. Consumption excessive 4. Consumption excessively
23. The average temperature of the earth
evidence of a dangerous warming.
1. rose 2. rises
over the last 30 years, and this is
3. has been rising 4. is rising
24- The observers who were waiting to see the lunar eclipse could have seen the
phenomenon if the sky clear last night.
1. was 2. had been 3. would be 4. was being
25. Carol something to upset her son because he looked so worried.
1. might say
3. must have said
1. used to speak
3. used to speaking
2. is used to speak
4. is used to speaking
2. could say
4. should have said
26' Humans began consuming milk around 6,500 B.C., _ previously estimated.
1. earlier than 2. the earlier than
3. earliest of 4. the earliest of
27. After driving for an hour, the tourist stopped a policeman for direction.
3. asking
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28.
32.
German remains an unpopular foreign
1. so is 2. so does
students and
4. neither does
climate change.
language for U.S.
3. neither is
Mandarin.
is good for you.
increased the
29,
4. for
30. There are several English idioms
"copycat".
f . involve 2. involved
animals such as "monkey business" and
3. involving 4. to involve
B. (ltems 31 - 35)
lnstruction: Choose the best answer to complete each blank below.
Food scientists and dieticians have found new ways to make pizza thal
Researchers discovered that doubling the amount of time for baking pizza base
The speaker talked about the
1, on 2. in
impact of global warming
3. with
levels of antioxidants which help fight cancer and heart disease. (31) the team
experimented with different cooking temperatures. Their results showed a higher heat also made
the pizza healthier to eat.
This new research may help pizza sales around the world. (32) , some diet
experts warned that it is still better to eat fruit and vegetables. ln addition, pizza that is baked
longer may not be so healthy (33) people choose unhealthy toppings. Jacqui
Lowdon, a British diet expert, warned that (34) the pizza base might be good for
you, people might be "more likely to choose extra cheese." (35) , the study's
author, Jeffrey Moore, said his findings were good for people who like deep-pan pizzas.
2.
4.
31. 1.
3.
Additionally
Accordingly
However
Furthermore
if
while
Finally
Alternatively
Therefore
Besides
unless
AS
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4.
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3.
1.
3.
33.
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34. 1. because
3. in spite of
35. 1. ln other words
3. Likewise
C. (ltems 36 - 45)
2. even so
4. although
2. Nevertheless
4. lndeed
lnstruction: ln each of the following sentences, four words or phrases have been underlined.
Choose the one word or phrase that makes the sentdnce grammatically incorrect.
36. A number of marine wildlife was found dead after the crude oil had been spilled into the
1234
' sea.
37. Fans-of Harry Potter mav have to wait for a while as the next episod e of Harry pofter and
the Half-Blood Prince is producing.
4
38. The tour group which visited wat phra That Lampang Luang was amazinq at the
123
Lanna architecture of the temple.
4
39. People should avoid to use wireless technology whenever possible because of the
;er:2
risks it may pose to health.
34
40. The country's economv is predicted declining 6.30/o by 200g due to the recent political
'1 2 3 +
conflicts.
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41. The city of St. John - a place which I've known for Vear - is located in eastern
1234
Newfoundland, Canada.
42. Mary usually arrives at the office at nine o'clock, but because of the storm, she was
123
late two hours.
43. With its all - wheel - drive technology, Peugeot HYmotion 3 has become one of
1
most advanced scooters ever invented.
44. People can lose weiqht if they weigh themselves regularly and keep track of how
123
many calories do thev consume.
4
45. Women and men react quite different to their perceptions of how other people see them.
1234
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Part 3: Vocabulary (15 items)
(ltems 46 - 60: l point each)
lnstruction: Choose the best answer for each item.
46. Caffeine in soft drinks can heartbeat in some people.
f . infect 2. lengthen 3. penetrate 4, stimulate
47. Thai teenagers are having less with their families and friends because they
spend most of their time playing online games.
1. similarity 2. thoughtfulness 3. interaction 4. friendship
48. students choose English as their major because they want to be in their
English language ability.
1. competent 2. accurate 3. progressive 4. international
49. The cost of gasoline has increased during the last six months, from $ 2.gO
to $5.75 per gallon.
1. slightly 2. significanily 3. automatically 4. actively
50. Traffic police wear masks to protect themselves from toxic fumes from motor
vehicles.
1. discovered 2. derived 3. emitted 4. extracted
51. The tourism ls very important to the economy of many developing countries
including Thailand.
1- destination 2. popularity 3. extension 4. industry
!
52' The committee's decision will be kept until it is officially announced.
1' conclusive 2. contrastive 3. confidential 4. conventional
53. The student was
final exam.
from school after he had been caught cheating during the
1' expelled 2. excused 3. exposed 4. excluded
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54. To avoid an environmental disaster, a policy of _ development has been
adopted.
1. substantial 2. successive 3. sufficient 4. sustainable
55. Many people use brand-name products such as Gucci handbags and Nike sportswear as
of their success.
1, credit 2. symbol 3. method 4. trademark
the traffic jam56. lt is expected that the newly-installed traffic light will-help
57. lmprovements should be made in the number and service of Chiang Mai mass
transportation systems to meet the needs of residents and tourists.
2, normal 3. global
during
the rush hour.
1. simplify
1. local
58. Yoga is believed to
1. attract
59. ln countries where food is scarce
1. overpopulation
3. illiteracy
60. Crirne
1, committed 2. created
2. maintain 3. reduce 4. transfer
4. typical
the physical and mental well-beings of people.
2, benefit 3. inspire 4, motivate
is inevitably a major problem.
2. independence
4. malnutrition
on the lnternet is a growing cause for concern in many countries.
3. designed 4. delivered
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Part 4: Reading Comprehension
(ltems 61 - 80: 2 points each)
lnstructions: Read the passages and choose the best answer for each item.
Passage 1: ltems 61-63
iPhone BIackberry
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Size and weight
Height: 4.5 inches (1 15.5 mm)
Width. 2.4 inches (62.1 mm)
Depth: 0.48 inch (12.3 mm)
Weight: 4.7 ounces (133 grams)
Memory capacity: 8GB or 16GB
Display
- 480 x 320 pixel resolution
Support for display of multiple languages and
characters si m u ltaneously
Cellular and wireless
UMTS/HSDPA (950, 1900 , 2100 MHz)
GSM/EDGE (850, 900, 1900, 1900 MHz)
Power and battery
- Talk time: Up to 10 hours
Standby time: Up to 300 hours
- Charging via USB to computer system or
power
adapter
Accessories
Leather case
- 4GB memory card
Size and weight
Height: 4.8 inches (114 mm)
Width. 2.6 inches (66 mm)
Depth: 0.59 inch (15 mm)
Weight: 4.8 ounces (130 grams)
Memory capacity: 1GB or 4GB
Display
- 480 x 320 pixel resolution
Supports over 65,000 colors
Font size (user selectable)
Gellular and wireless
- 850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz GSM
EDGE and HSDPA networks
Power and battery
- Talk time: Up to 4.5 hours
- Standby time: Up to 324 hours
- Chargeable through USB cable and wall
charger
Accessories
Changeable silicone case
- 516 MB memory card
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61.
62.
63.
What is the standby-time of the iPhone's battery?
1 . Up to 10 hours 2.
3. Up to 300 hours 4.
Up to
Up to
4.5 hours
324 hours
Which of the following
1. UMTS/GSM
3. HSDPA/UMTS
ln what aspect are the
1. Accessories
3. Memory capacity
are cellular networks for the Blackberry?
2. HSDPA/EDGE
4. EDGE/UMTS
two products exactly the same?
2. Size
4. Display resolution
Passage 2: ltems 64-70
Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants. There are nearly 20,000
known species of bees, in nine recognized families, though many are undescribed and the
actual number is probably higher. They are found on every continent except Antarctica, in
every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants.
5 Bees are adapted for feeding on nectar and pollen, the former primarily as an
energy source, and the latter primarily for protein and other nutrients- Most pollen is used
as food for larvae. Bees have a long proboscis (a complex "tongue") that enables them to
obtain the nectar from flowers. They have antennae almost universally made up of 13
segments in males and twelve in females, as is typical for the superfamily. Bees all have
two pairs of wings, the
10 hind pair being the smaller of the two; in a very few species, one sex or caste has
relatively short wings that make flight difficult or impossible, but none is wingless. The
stingless bee whose workers gre about 2.1 mm (src
tt
)
is Megachile pluto, a leafcutter bee whose females can
Members of the family Halictidae, or sweat bee, are the
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smallest bee is Trigona minima, a
long. The largest bee in the world
attain a length of 39 mm (1.5tt).
most common type of bee
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15 in the Northern Hemisphere, though they are small and often mistaken for wasps or flies.
Bees are the favorite meal of Merops apiaster, the bee-eater bird. Other common predators
are kingbirds, mockingbirds, bee wolves, and dragonflies. The best-known bee species is
the European honeybee, which, as its name suggests, produces honey, as do a few other
types of bee. Human management of this species is known as beekeeping or apiculture.
Beekeeping is
20 the maintenance of honeybee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. A location where
bees are kept is called an apiary. A beekeeper or apiarist keeps bees in order to collect
honey and beeswax, for the purpose of pollinating crops, or to produce bees for sale to
other beekeepers.
64. According to the passage, it can be concluded that Antarctica
1. has a variety of flowering plants
2. is a home of various unknown species of bees
3. lacks flower plants that require insects to pollinate
4. is a suitable habitat for many insects including bees
65. What does "the latte/' (line 6) refer to?
1. nectar Z. pollen
3. energy source 4. protein and nutrients
66. According to the passage, which is correct about the characteristics of bees?
1. Some species don't have wings.
2. They use proboscis to get food.
3. Their four wings are of the same size.
4. Their antennae have the same number of segments.
67. According to the passage, which is NOT an enemy of bees?
1. Merops apiaster 2. Dragonflies
3. Wasps 4. Kingbirds
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68. What is NOT a purpose of beekeeping?
1. To pollinate plants
2. To produce bees for sale
3. To maintain wild bee colonies
4, To gather honey and beeswax
69. The word "attain" (line 13) is closest in
1. reach
3. carry
meaning to
2. keep
4. produce
70. What is the purpose of the passage?
1. To present new discovery about nature of bees
2. To give factual information about bees
3. To discuss significance of beekeeping
4. To describe bee's habitat
Passage 3: ltems 71 - 76
Having conquered the market for Web search by first simplifying how it is done
and then making sales of related advertising more efficient, Google is now funding green
technology and using its brand power to lobby for policy change. Google has introduced
a plan to wean the United States off the burning of coal and oil for power and to cut oil
use for
cars by 40%. Such movements could cost trillions of dollars, but Google believes they
should ultimately save money. Through its charitable arm, Google.org, the company is
supporting plans for designing wind, solar and geothermal technologies, which it hopes
will eventually be cheaper than coal. Google invested $45 million on such companies
this year. Google itself is making improvements on its servers and at its buildings. New
efficiency standards for computers could cut power consumption by the equivalent of 10
to 20 coal-fired plants by 2010, Google said. Google recently joined with General Electric
to speed up development of new power grid technology.
10
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7'1. What is the passage mainly about?
L Google is investing money in reducing alternative energy sources.
2. Google is proposing policy on environmentally-friendly technology.
3. Google is expanding its business by joining an energy-generating company.
4. Google is opposing a new computer system that reduces power consumption.
72. What does the phrase "such movements" (line 5) refer to?
L Cutting back on the consumption of coal and oil
2. Adding sales of related advertising on its website
3. Conquering and simplifying its web search engine
4. Funding green technology and controlling the environment
7g. What is a disadvantage of "such movements" in item 72?
1. Expense 2. Technology
3. Sources of energy 4. US political situation
74. The term "wean off' (line 4) is closest in meaning to
1, gradually decrease
3. immediately stop
75. What is the Google.org established for?
1. Managing the money that Google has earned
2. lmproving computer servers and office buildings
3. Developing technologies that use alternative energy sources
4. Working on the shutting down coal-fired power plants
76. How efficient will the future computer be in terms of power consumption?
1. lt can improve new power technology.
2. lt can reduce the number of factories powered by coal.
3. lt can decrease the amount of electricity used as power source.
4. lt can provide power source to serve factories at the same time.
2. slowly increase
4. instantly start
'[n rfr u EJ 6{ o lt'[#in'[un ?1 E r i
il,rarfi n$fi zt #um@EJ y{ ,Fr.2ss1
98
03 R1r*1d'onqp
s'/ j
r4%1r1 16
Passage 4: ltems 77 -80
Despite calls to boycott "Kung Fu Panda," the animated movie about a bear named
Po with a passion for martial arts, is a huge hit in China. The film, from DreamWorks
Animation and Paramount Pictures, has already grossed more than $12 million after less
than two weeks in release, making the opening of the film one of the strongest in China in
5 recent years. Globally, the movie has brought in $275 million, Paramount said. Some
Chinese critics had asked consumers to protest the film because Steven Spielberg, a top
executive at DreamWorks , had resigned last February as artistic adviser to the 2OOB
Beijing Olympics after failing to persuade Chinese officials to do more to help the Darfur
region of Sudan. Another group , backed by the Chinese artist Zhao Bandi, who uses
10 pandas as an inspiration for his work, also called for a boycott, saying the animated
film was exploiting a national symbol.
But the film opened June 21 to huge crowds in Beijing, Shanghai and other big
cities. Chinese audiences have praised the quality of the animation and its colorful and
clever depiction of various aspects of ancient Chinese culture, architecture and
scenery.
15 The release of the film was postponed in Sichuan Province, the largest panda-breeding
center in China and the site of a devastating earthquake that killed more than 69,000
people in May. One reason for the delay was the sensitivities involved in a region that was
still in mourning. But after the film opened there last week, theater operators said their
houses were packed. "lt is the most successful animation movie in our cinema
history,"
20 said Li Jiquing, general manager at Wagfujing Cinema in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan
Province.
The American producers of "Kung Fu Panda," which is set in the Li River Valley in
the Guangxi Province of southwestern China, have called the movie a salute to Chinese
culture and to Hong Kong martial arts films. News shows and lnternet bloggers in China
25 are now debating the merits of the film and asking why Chinese film-makers and animators
cannot compete with foreign producers.
1 a r8 Er aJ 6r o %'[#inlua x1 il ;
iuorfi nrifi zl fr'r,m"r@al T{ .Gr. zss1
99
03 n1u16'onqt*
tvA
r4%1r1 17
77. What is the passage mainly about?
1. Martial arts is a common feature in action movies.
2. Hollywood movies are popular among Chinese movie goers.
3. The animated movie "Kung Fu Panda" was a controversial issue in China.
4. Ancient Chinese culture and architecture are the main features in "Kung Fu Panda."
78. One of the reasons for a call to boycott the animated film "Kung Fu Panda" is
1. the movie has caused political tension between China and the US
2. the movie's producer was an artistic advisor for the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
3. the movie was too sensitive foe Chinese people affected by the earthquake
4. the movie caused a conflict with China's commercial interests and its national symbol
79. The word "exploiting" (line 1 1) is closest in meaning to_.
1. taking advantage of
3. representing
80. What can be concluded from the last paragraph?
1. Chinese government will ban all Hollywood movies.
2. Chinese film makers and animators will probably move to Hollywood.
3. Chinese movies presenting Pandas and Chinese culture will be less popular.
4. Chinese film makers and animators will likely start making their own animated films.
************
"f4
]
W
'[a rfr u EJ 6{ a r,t'[#in'[un ?1 ilr i
2. denying
4, advertising
ranEJ R1r*16'onqp 101 rirrlnirrnr:'tn rfruil
AEJ
tcbn u ?51R'lt*1o$nqu
1)2
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13) 2
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'[ n rfr er ar a o u'L#in'[r,u n m a.r i
ranEJ R1l*1O0nRU 102 rir #nirT nr ;-[n rfi r.r e,r
? ror ztsv{ilacilo u irrR'n*1 d'o n q r*
aot+fi 1: uyt6[%y1%1 (20 ilatZO Gt&rrt,rt,t)
9I'/
1. aou?r a 2
l,'/
2. aou?ro 3
What's on your mind? lroa ft 16oo o cl:'lni aur alo rra:a;
To u#.: tn nor nrir n or fi on:r o o un fr'u rur'ir "t'm worried about the euota Exam."
1aurT.:':nri'unr:eauTerrd'rnr;turfioql:rrfiqnmilrY.{rnto'lunr:souTord'r rush
6rnr:nrruqi.u''ud',*r''srflurirnrrufild'o'lu,ft.#.:unqrrfiu'ir6nilrund.:'[riarru
to rai o fi R.: fi q il n 6tq 1 rfi odu d'r 6 n r.lr u il dnJ n G qr d gr fr n rir ur#rki fr n rr ru u nriqE.l
q o X u,
to .1 rirnr rfiostrin ntd'nr il
I'm not fully prepared yet. ldr.wiorlrioru'lrirfirufirau1
Tqu#rtnqrornrilir "But" Htitriayir.:drrilurirr{iorulfr{iorurionmrufin-erusi.ri'u
lurfi o:J:slu nnrir riti'r "But" fi errr run tr u'ir qr:rlolairunf.rf, a ao u rur rflJu
16ou1 u#r (l've been studying hard for months.y d'triu:J:vTunrafr'.1 "But" 6{
si'o r fi n r r ru n il r u fi ?-er u ri.r riu air ura rir qir rfi a nrio o 6.: n n olo r fi ao
Be optimistic (6 otuo?rudrrio u R;
ruvfiv^roriourariT drr#'l'j'r "lt's not the end of the world." dtfrnmruraruru.ir ,,Inn
E
fiffi'lilnailyrnru'[:J#nnriou" rfiotri'rirn-.:toor:r unsufiotfi:J:slund'qilrfi
n?lilfiil'ru6roonfro.:n-u:J:rTus'd lsfi6iei'aruosiordotri'on:r6erluoiru6'[friou.u
!l evl
'
u
-^.l{t---- e A d q a q eo v 0
0 s t9t t3,l n { ? n n u n1 Tfl 0 u vt fl 1 n { 0 v rur n r fr t il n r r il fi il't rJ Iu t6.] [d'dr n t-[o
'AuaauXajITUIO U?R1,[ A? tR 0Rfl O1{A{ tfi tj',tsfl t J?',i fl O
'[a ufr s il 6{ o r,t'L#in'[r+a ?1 il i
3. mo uila +
[aag R1t]16'onnl* 103 eir#n?rrnr:-[a ufrsa.r
4, aouilaz
9'/
5. aour o
6. srou#a s
T. aouilaz
8. aouz?o
Iqu#rrnno'rnrirnoufignri'roroujr "tt tooks very nice." 1nTufiorour; d.:rilun.r:.u
A6-9tAa,^uLe,-
rusqrnrril6qrfruro.rnnd'rfffiqioRurYr uufrttse.:'irrirnrerriourarirfiqi'o.rrilu
n1n1il7t[sn'lilr?,t0 lilnnn']ttflqt.:nr1ilGiqtilu0ilrtuiluoufr'.:Et:.:ruohrfronriofi
hope for the best 1r.rr-ofi.rdofi6i4qo,y
tn:rrruvfiperiouil#rddl "keep our fingers crossed" drriluctru.:ufil..fi'orurnr:,u
na'[ri'nruuf.r rr:Jn'[d"ir "fu,r'''a.r'rR'l?n'nJetri'r:.rTsndriurn oz1 7,,rirtri'
vavdayvoaeq-A
n?1 il 14 il'r rju 0 { q ? [a 0 nr 0 2 n il o?'l t.t 14 tj't u fl 0 q n 6[ 0.] n u flr ur ufl lua ufr o sdr u
^
I o sdl l/l r q vtit
tfl:il flil.: n'l n.t [0 ttfl y ttjyt o ttTt1{1{t0.1
How may I hetp you? (fiocl:'lfizieu'lraaurivy
d r v iq 3.
01nfln'rilRr:ni:su'irnt*u'tu.: turrurur:Junrin.:rurr sro.rtuvirrs::nRurirq
o u u e o Xa 6 6r e qvdt
^ o
drnryrnmrunnri'r drnrilt*o.to'tr:Juqo.lnntd'r{lurirnralu:nlunr:r?rud'uyr-nmIu.u(U
o n ri'r rnru o rd r nso.: e'm ar n io ru un serrr ru 16 rutotunr:tri'uinr:n n ri'rcl '-qt
What do you think of (qnr6oodro'l:fru1
Can you give me a discount? (aor1a1'l#uriauloi'turuy
rfiotr{eooer#o{n-urirqouto.:niuu'rdrrilulrrintrurrufinou.jr "tne price is
already 50% off' 1tlr'.ld,flu:rsnfinqu#r 5o%) rrflo.i'irrirnrruro.:onri'rsi'0.:
A-A-aee
nrtrfrurnun'r:Todollal {.:e?[nan{ofifinr:td'ri-r,i1 ,,discount,'
dtrr:Jn.ir
" d? t*n q " ut o "n1 Tn q 11 Fr1 " d'.,: #uoi'r rfi o nrio Aa o lij urir n o u fd o n qi'o r(u
9,/
I'll take it. (to'rd'r,tfinv1
1 n rfi s il 6{ o %'[#in'[r,ra ?1 ar ;
rvr:rvqnrirorouenriauHrird'jr.oK" d.:rflunlTq0uann.:'jrrrroiornr:fiovdoqt
a.-.-u-X_.] y..4..- A_-_y_&a---y_ A dt v 6tev a & ,
fll*n1Tuu ct.:uuq?[nanr0ua{0nEt0.:yisott},l:rytilunr:ttiulti'rqtou6nnft.jr,uq
.-_4 t dA X ^ u X t
tt.r il n?1 il lJTs fl { n n0 ru 0 fl uctl tuu0 ut.: ttt [uo u
lilng R'lu1a0nqn* 104 ii'r#n?rrnr:'[n rfrsaJ
9. ao uila Z
9I'/
10. aou?ra 4
11. aou#o 3
12. aau#a s
That will be all. 1ueifinvl
I @
"
A-
[qufl{tna01nnrlnlilytnuu.1n1il?'t "ls there anything else I can get for you?"
, u , j i a u , i ct . jqu A t e v e A N
(0sTU0u'].l0utlr.tti0ntnilnv) {{tlll.tFrln1ilrttrnlilt9.t01'tnnnlu.:9t0{nlTila36tr0
Surirorjr.:6u6nntoki drnnrYrorornn-urur'jr "No" fliln;; fiufiruser.r'jrqnrirhlqt
yA&^etai.laeou&ai
0 0 { nl TYt o g s 0 fl l{Ft'] 0 u'I.1 0 u tl^t il a n $n ? 01 a 0 u I 0 ila.l til il1 e Ril Yt fl 9t
I haven't seen you for ages. t#uld"td'nuruarion a%[asrt&)
I u
"
ia , v v
[aufl.][nq01nfl1n'lilnuq'lntilfltJT1ugt0q'tuun.jT0i?'t{'j'l "How've you
been?" lrilu'[rw arru6lraru; dtriJurirn'rrufi16'lunr:vTnvrrurdouefimungrfJu
"
jqe d o & , &o M rl,tv v dt
Fr1nlilyttTnlt..tfl'tTYtn1fl19ru uttttfl9r.t?'lYt.Ju9r1unrflilT1uo.:LtitoTrunuil'rriluqq
rrnruruurd'r
I'm on my way to lunch. 1d'r+rir#oov"lilnruzirrnnroiu;
s@i
[qud'ttnqornnr:ffnilgruqou'jr "Oh! I was just going to have something to
eat as wetl." (n4rol #ufirirn-.:oslilnros'l:fiuno6; d.:rilunr::jiuon'jrfiqrd'or
vr q ri o un fil fl a.r 5'r u turi r u o.: fi r fi sr r fiu n r :t:J m r u o cl: #n a d r r nru rr u6 r Er o u.il
q"i
n n u il'r I u n 1 u o.J r n u r riu n r :hJ n r o sl:m r u ril fi o u nlu
Shall we go to lunch together? 1r:r'lrJnruz?rrnnroiuoleun-r+'[raru;
Iq u#r rnqotnrir ol olfi fior Er ounn"'urur'jr "tnat would be great." 1rfi urul:J rn l;
d r r il u iir u. ufi tfluo r : n a u iu ri r rr ui ri r r fi ru u aq.]'i r n il m u ei'o r fi n'r rn'r ru
n 1 n 1 il n 0 ltn u1 u tuyt't 1.[ 0 { rT nJ 5? u14 T 0 T n t? u 114 yl't 0 s [T fl n a u r.: n u.: tt n r
y 4 u X& e t' ,. ^.. tr qc4 a a v
q?rnonrol*ljuetlto?u "Shall we ...?" fir"lflunr:r8rumuuToThr?1,l rireou
-&aA
I AU0.l t14 t J',t s fl 3,J ?1 fl Iq
'[n rfi s N 6[ a %'L#in'[r+a ?1 N ;
7
toau R'11*1otnqt} 105 eir#nirrn'r:-[nrfrE Er
13. ao uila z
9r/
14. aou?lo 3
15. ao yila +
10. aauz?o s
you get what you pay for! lroaffloiocirofirooqirs'hJnvur;
or n nr:tdrilir "But" ri oura rir dt r o *url udo ril urir 16 a rutfrfi o rurio n rr ru fi ft
X v y u q i r f ' o &'
rfloilrrJqurirnlu"luriio:J:slsJnriouilrirfifisrurrunorjr "yes, it's cneap.', (tri
ax -&ornr:fifinny oY.:fiu:J:;Llornn-.:rilir "But" oi'orfinmrunilruq:lfiutirl rfiiotri'
& a - r:Jnlqi.ir "tri ornr:fidnn urqirlofi'loYn?1ilfi tj'tufl o.tyt.lflo{Ltft?'uJ19tttu{ uneuiln [9]?.1 " [T 0.114-t:i q,
,^j
odrtfrttasjlufliur" (Yes, it's cheap. But, you get what you pay for!) uiou:Jn
ud , A,, .,X , ue ju,, a i,
[q 0 n a ur{l4u.]?'t "ff afl 0.: nn u 0 ru ldfl orr1 lri qi o u il n r[R1 y,l " uuuo.t
Pick a place lrfionirnnriaafiy
Iou#.:rnsrornrirntaln-olrfrfiornrrj1 "Where would you like to go?,, (tl.o
o ur n o s'[:J'[il iln r ) riu u aq yi r fi o r oi'o r n r :tv{ail m Er dr u G q'j 1 n'] :o ghj m r ufr r
-lttavt,is
nnt.l?uyt tt4uq 141n tilmluyt [T.t 0'n4']:
the price is reasonable (:'lrt1dil[r4qdilfla)
ri1 rdo il "and" ri o un rirdrfl urir rdo ru fi tdrdo rurio nm ru fi fi rd'orar sr #a u nr ru ri'u
otnrioermruriouHrirflfiflilrluuon'j'r "tne service is quick, the food is tasty,,
1u3n'r:r5r ornr:oiouy oiriurioenrarHn-.:riljr "and" oio.:n#ounrrun-uetrud
rfi olfdo or.', u tYo, *,ol u:J nloi"ir "1ir ud; rinr:rTr or Hr:oda u un s:r nr fi
flLltilnfllJt{n" (the service is quick, the food is tasty, and the price is
reasonable.)
What a relief! fci,rtoqo 1y
r il un:: il q r r o r #n 6 u un n n ufi lr a n o u r s5o u d'r fi o s fr n m ru if; o uu u d :J : gtil'l ey
j U t '
u ! u I a _ 6 a e y q ut tX u
[RT%t].lnAUfiU'I1{[[n??'l1l']nt?J'tflouao.:'tgrtniotStuSouun":-tua:Jordii ylforu
tiouoror'''nr:dtoTou#.:rnqo''lndli'r "wow" d.rriludravnutdtunr:rflo{n?.uJ.l
Aqdv
6"[o utnvqmqrffnffouqnruTetrlqrornrilqrou "yes" ql-.nilrqr-rrfianriod6.:rfir.l.ryflrJ
,'qr
Ylfl9r
ln ufr u Er 6r o r,l'[#in'[un ?1 N i
[6bng R1u1a0nqu 106 eir rin ir1 n1 :'tn rfr er a.r
9v
17. grou?Jo 3
18. ao u#a z
19. na uila +
What do you have in mind? lroo6oav'l:'lflutoavy
:J:r'lvr'loi'qoriourarirfl'j1 "Let's do something fun for a change." 1r:rrurrilduu(u
ur:ulnlfl rirost:nun.1 rYudn'jr; nrrer6{flr:nrruqiorur'jr ud'r:J:s'[n6ooy'[:
'li'udrtuto d.,:fifierrrruraruru6nfirHd.:'ir:J:s'[nfruruunr:orrirasnl: ryi:''r!
:J:s'[ilroi#uunnrfirilunutrutdl:Jr:Jdruu::urnrsrlor'lri'virovl:finun q riu9t
6 t r lrl e a a l,l a a Vv v
n [tflo.J?'r:l:r [y,t q 0{ il Ft?'] rJ 9t 9t 0s tTgt 6] [qTU il [? tto?
Sounds great to met lfloqrzirvittrl
rir sr o r fi'rfJurir ol our or rir nr ru ri o unrir dfi :J:yln nr rudr "How about a picnic at
Mae Fah Luang waterfatt?" 1r:r'l:Jilnfinfi rir qn urirlrnnrlniudlra ru) dt rilu
rirnrruturf.rrfirutrw#nt.:ut#amo'r'[:Jsi'ru r-oriu*nl116.:srrur:nrfionnou
lire t a
s q 'l
'[d'so.:odr.: 6o sroriurirtru nio orol:Jfirnlrirtru *nsornrirnrruoi'runn-.1fi
qtrornrruoio'jr "wno etse is going?" 1ud'rfinudu1'[:Jvi'ru6nlraru; riurioru
ttnq.]'jrgtrord'0.:sro:.rirrirr:ut or:J:;1n uii'r o rirr rrr.iuou6.:'[sinrruqiooi'r uq
n1 n1 il uuun uns n? [n 0 nr 0 u[:J un't qt 0 u tqt u? yt [T [l,tnl:a 0uru ri.]r? ta to
l'll be in charge of the transportation. (fruovYufiogaulSoiirn[a$)
Tq u #{ rn norn:J:sTr n fi :J:r'[nu o ri o urarir d'ir "you and Kanda can take care,u
of that." ([r'on-u n1t*qr o un 6a.] 41fl 't:rrns rndo.r d l w; dr ril unr:unq{ fi .i nr:,u
ruri.rurirfiiu fiqroulunr:t:Jilnfinoi'r uri'ufirirqn'irto:srr:osdr u?iril#rfiosl:
qi,,Ajju,y-&rMd
tutil0qxlo'tuflvn1uqt'tttuqunt50.l0'114'trunvtcrSotgtil-[rlun'r o.luu:J:s'h^ifrqqt
--.+3.q q a, , u a 6t a &Xu
n?:ilu't t0 [un1Tu6f o.]ntrilfl?ur?tJTU Nor0:i lunr:totunr.:eti.:uoi? unlT[fluo
u v o j i q.t
q ? o ltn TU r,t 9t T o u tT 0.] Tn m 0 s t5 tun 1 T t 9t l+yt't.l,u
'[n rfr u il 6{ o %t#intr+a x1 aJ i
7
rilnu Rlprfionnlr 107 atr#n?rrnr:-tn rfrsa.r
__ttrtr-
Certainly not. ( tilasjr0uuuau)
lrle t e
qgrqr'lgiiloriounfirfi'jr "t hope it doesn't rain." ldurai'.r'jrduo;triornuv;q.u
^ Y v a n.:1:Jilnfintun{rfint'lrjsunuilnrnrJuqn:J:sty{6.:flr:ilil31[1+ttn?n']Tt9tl*Yt',t.ttLJURUntunT.lUt q
u ao r n r :n d'o u g'nl fl T1 en'i r d uo sl ri q n a d r r uilu o utufufi lnn n rr r o snlrj il n fi n
vud
nuiln{floutflTo
aa%f4{ 2= Tor:oairo'leslnrnf es ilatzs ae$r,t%)
9v
20, aau?ra 2
21 .aouila+
lr,/
22. aou?ra
is used to speakins ({nrnulrerufiufiort'to;
or nr 6 ri o un rir dfi :r:1'jr u o u or d'u o dtu:J :s rm e'[n r ril u rr nr z fl u#r (Having
lived in Thailand for seven years) riurrso.rtri'tfiu'jrrrounr:ov{urnt/rswfiuq
(be used to) n-u nr :4 q nr urlm u n-u rd o utmlvr u'[oiu#r ot-r 16 o nrio dd t q n oio riu(u
lree
nflq a1il tFrTJ flT',l.lolunl{q
Subject + Verb to be + used to + Ving
Anne is used to speaking ...
Excessive consumption (nr:u?Tn eramn tfi u;
u X T e r T r e At v o
rio fin o aou Isr:.: nfr.: il:t I u nrir u 6J tn u a'l il 14 nh fr ir H fir rirur ru (Noun ) nt n fi
rirr ur s rir .1 riuo r d'or ril urir or rufin ri lnolective; reil a dr el-r rd a nrio d'n n d'0.:
A-lvet
n fl91 9l.l [tfl91.] 01 eJ [nT{ flT'|.: 01iln1{q
Excessive (adj.) + consumption (n)
'[n rfi Er sr 6{ a r,tt#in'[ua ?1 E r i
lang R'lr*'lfionqt* 108 etr rfin ?sr nr :'[ a rfi s e,r
gyt9tlr
23. stoudo g has been rising (rfia.rgofir,ur3os .l)(u
:J:rTtcrdd'a.:'[d Present Perfect Tense (Subject + has/have a Vo) rfia.:otn
uiJ u rn q n r :nifi i* ru r fi o dutuo d q 6 o r fi o oo fl ri o u rn s Er-.r er.r d r rfi usi o rfi a rq
6ouilroufir:Jooriu rfiotv{:J:vTErnftnrrililruru'ir "oornRfiradutorlnn'loi'rfiruqq.u
godu r{r u 1 ortt uoi r fi o so fl ri o uo ufi r :1o
1
u-ufi o nrn n fi ra6 ur o.:I n n fi rT.: n r rfi ru
*r
4|ii?i1tiQ.1$"
(The average temperature of the earth has been rising over the
last 30 years, ...)
at
24.naU?/a2 had been
riod'vrqaou'[rgrn:n[60.] "lf-clause" rruufi6rn'i1 "past unreal" d.:ld'rrsqt
nr:nruru61uR',:fi qr:.rn-urirrun-uermruo3ttuodqfi ::Juuuo-.:unqreirudr.l,u
lf + past perfect tense, Subject + could/would + have + Vs
The observers ... could have seen if the sky had been clear last night.
I
25. srouflo 3 must have said
In:.:airt Subject + must have + v, t#lunr:uflq{n?1ilur.ito'jrrraqnr:nirfu
^
A r e6l a
rfi orfi uur.[ 1 rrd'r'lua 6 o (Past Affirmative Su pposition )
A-
tfron-rtnoorR "because he looked so worried" ([1]:'lsltroyirmtliqrnritrn
il.lnl) trsq.t'jr carol osoiooilerosnl:urrarir.:'[:lrr#r firtrrunrirtri'nnrlura.r[r'o
'[rj nu'r uto o urrnor yir n1.:i q n n-{r n il'r R G] o o n ilrtv{rfi u
t
ln ufi u aJ 6[ a u'L#inlun tr a,r i
7
tanu R1l*'lof nql* 109 atr#nirrnr:'[n rfreril
9v
26. grou?ro 1
9L/
27. aouu a 2
28. ma uila Z
9v
29. aau?ro 1
earlier than (riaun#rn'ir;
- X., l,l 6'A ,a a
riofi uiJunr:moaou'[r urn:ni6ornr:uJiuu tfi uu lcomparison) ornToyr ri
u d Ul e' a ra a , d' ca
^
i
fl'ttJ1Tnfl{tnntil1*to?'tilnlT[uTUUtYtuuTsl4']']{flo.J00t?nl uunn0 t?n1aT.:ytq
"'j
i q a' a @
ruuuri riru 6 r uulu:rr 6,500 iJri o uerinq stn:rt (around 6,500 a.c. ; rYr rr nr fiq
d r l4v, u X ta a A
rn u fi nr::J:s ilr il'liri ouu firfi (previously estimated) unq{'jrnr:til3 ur tfi uuff
d'ortdluriodoi'o.:rilunT :r:Jiuurfiuuriun'ir (comparative degree) d.:fig:Juuu
6o lRolective/Adverb + (-er)l + than tll:r;tilunr:r:J3uurfiuufitd:vn'j1{fl0{
j",
fl.J1*1+t0.:
^d'
to ask (nilon'lill)
Ier:rsfrr "stop + to + Vr" tdrfiouonno:J:catd'rotnr:ilue'irriJunr:uuorir
, A i u r o a , A t. d@ , i u s v d
0u'1.1fil.[.:nt0 t]Jyt10n0u''1.]141t.1 01n L0iluunil0.t[Ytu? to14uolJUTfllilon1iln']{
qir:ro (the tourist stopped to ask a policeman for direction)
so does lrzir.trduefrufru;
ornrilir "and" rl1ul4rirrio.:'ir.:d.:rilusl-rrirHuq'irlionrrrlqirurarirunsd'ruufr'.:
"and" osoio.rsrd'ounrrun-uniofiIn:rnfr.:rrafiouriu tuufiosi'runril "and" rilu
:l:sTunuonreir sTruiln-.1 "and" 6.roio.rriluuonraird'rurdun-u nr:ld "so" 6.1
v qyA a v v t e '
jq
n n qTo.: rrry:rs"ld'rfi o ft nrrn n o u nl ilnu fl?t+r4u'r fl?un4 n i{ nn n'ortd "does" fiEq
-. --- -a- - '-'*^"^^tha1jtu;:J present simpte Tense oi'.1tiurdotr{nfrolnrntT,l:.ltRTU.lttyl9t.]1,[fi,_ _ qr
_.,cr_ ___ __,_
Ier :l nir'r cir un #r nr:tfn3 urd? u "does" 6.r n n oia.:
ct
on
tuiid'd',tlililyr "on"'[oYpnrirant'.8'qiri'uriru'ril "impact" (r{nn:sytu) fio1|rirunririt,u,u''il
riovjrr sotrirdqiottd'niriursruo
nlrisrrur:nr:lduu1:.lt*'rlruuum6u1
urvru'[oi'
'[a rfr u il 6[ a lu'l#intr,ua ?1 EJ ;
tanu R1l*'lo0nqu 110 eir#nirrnr:'[n rfisru
30. aou#a g
31. erouz?o 1
gz. aau#o 1
-i It s -
involving (lfi sJ?gar nu)
n X u <i A ca i 'i te
{0tlytglflou hu1n:nitr0it Present Participle s{n0aFr1niu'tyi[:J6iul*T:Jfl?untr
^ i " uA o q A:
rfir -ing rfiori'rrarirfrtururiruril"lufrfiriljr "involving" drn-.:rirn#rfiturr
rirurru "idioms" liiruruy fiorjoYrurarir un;rfiou:Jnriruii'os'lqinmrunruru'jr
"iirurutunrur6'tnquilrnilrufitfisa#oofi'u#ot{" lseveral Engtish idioms
involving animals)
Add itional ry ( Eio'hJ n'irrfu)
ritj'r "Additionatty" forilurirrfirufild,duudoo':rrufifirdorarerd'ouqriln-u rfio
- & t e i ' ..u au 1O ey , i
fl.1[natuol4'1fl?1.[14u']T0.1?'1.]YtTsu?1 "un?0il [9r€rlav{il?'rn']TtTtilt?n1n1T0u
rrfl.rfitsirrilu 2 tvit" (Researchers discovered that doubling the amount of
time for baking pizzabase...) eitrun6orjrr'l:rir.rqiaqrnl]'l un;tdonrciruranlq
A- .v au r a Aa 6t e ool
rio.:'irrfrrJ.:o.::sunr:yilnlTmona{rar "unTounriru16rufr6nurnr:[d'orxnnfifiqqqgt
,v6l
ugnqll.tnulunt:ou" (the team experimented with different cooking
temperatures. Their results showed a higher heat also made lhe pizza
heatth ier to eat. ) un s ru n fi'n ffi 'lsi'fi ril e.r n d qi o qr nr vl rriuri'u riufi unq.:'jr rda fi rq
,JaqeuuavXavA
fl 0.1 fl ? ul+il [0 Ft ? 1 il n d 0 u 9r'1 il n u a? tn 0 nlj 0 u0 { n n qt 0 { yt fl 9t
rrUd
However (uao u'lo tTfl 0t1il)
rir16oru "Howeve/' (usiorir.r'l:fiqril) tdrfrarrioqrtrrufifirdorarq:.]riurirruriu
A , e t ' itn y t a ..e a u 3q ,i ,
01n?o1rtu']fl?u14u'Ifl0.{10{?'].lyttqnnl?n{ "1J0ctr0.ln'l:FntT.tul.i[uu.:rtriru
eittaSrunr:trrfiryqir'l:Jri'rTnn" (This new research may hetp pizza sales
around the world.) rusird'on'rsirunf.:do.:'jr.:nfi'uryofi.r "rirrdouro{{rfiurmqlruruo
sA$vaqeuutea
d'ruornr:ff'ld't6outt{'vtrurlh$nst{n'tf6n'jr" (some diet experts warned that it
is still better to eat fruit and vegetables.; uno.r'lrrioer':rrusoreirudfilar.'.tu
ueuvauXauA
lJ O ttU.lRl.{ O? tn AnlJ 0UO{nnq A.lYt flO
'[n rfi EJ il 6{ o %'[#in'Lr,ra ?1 il i
7
r{taEJ R1r*lAfnql* 111 air#nirrn'r:ln rfrsJil
33. erou#o 1
34. ef o uila +
35. ao uila z
tt/
if (n1)
rirrdoru "if' ost#[unr:uaq.]rtoul:r orn:J:slrodrdri*r.r'[qineirtir ,,fir,]i1fi
rirunr:ouuru.1 oroorai'w.rniruoioqtR'r1r #r{rrrur6onrq'dorT:urarirfirysilfdq
-.u
'lil6sioatn1w" (pizza that is baked longer may not be so healthy if people
choose unheatthy toppings.) dlrflunr:uaqrr$ou'[r'jrri'rrfionri.ruuuddrfi6a
a d T e o '_ !q 'a , Ju,a, ,el,t, a d
tn0ntflT0.: tTU141.[''l1lS6tr1Yl [3..191 01003fl.]t{nyt h.tdgtaarRlyittytlt ttgitif
-[rit6onfr
l,l"e|L
0s [tJ 6t.i il nfl u 0 CI flfl R'tTtl{u[0.]q
although 1fiou#'h ...usi ...)
rir 16 o ru "atthou g h" rfl urir rfi o ru fildr{i o ru"rio r t''r r, fi fi rdr ilrriq u #.r n-u ur n #r rn Er
Xeurri'..%ara,
0''tRtuafilgt'tunn.tr0.J?1.n1:gu?'l "ttlj.lyt{fi't0r0oyogiaatnl?,1" (the pizza
base might be good for you) ri'ueirufrorisi'runn-rroto.lfiru'tuoflRrnd:su.jr ,,fi
nrufinrrruriluhjtdtunr:rfionrGru6nrfirururndu" (peopte might be,,more
likely to choose extra cheese."; dthi6qiomnrlnr 6rarlr:ns::J'[oi'.jrrdour
--'.-- {<l v v v u a u Xa y A
lJ 0 { fl 0.t fl? ul.t&t €t ?'t u?J qt tt u.t n il a ? t n 0 R u o t lii.l n n c{ 0.: yt no
Nevertheless (uoi o dro"l:fr orrruy
r{r16oru "Neverthetess" firilurirrdorufilflunr:rfiarudoqrrrilfin-eruri.iri'% ilrn
e____._ X_ __' i_tp-_.__-1,__t- , 4.t j e _. , a&?,t01Til1t1.[014''1fl?1+vt0u9t'11*14u1tr0.:?,l.:"1i.]9iotilo.:rurornrio 34 o3y{u,j.tiiufrour
fd'lri6rionlRl?,r11rrrs "dmrufiorrrrurilu'[:J'[oi'[unr:rfianrfiru6arfiruru.rndu,,qE
(people might be "more likely to choose extra cheese.") rrdutn#ttnnd'tunn'.1
_r___,. ia t_,,-__9,... X, 4-_4-- q . v j
-T 0.1 ?'l { il il n'l r:r u ?'t "n 1 Tn uil u uur 0 v 9t 145 o n n [0 iir n fu er ufr r a u n r ufr rycirq{
*ulufl.luur" (his findings were good for people who like deep-pan pizzas)
d' a '
q
-,.--.-V-!u--.. v e u a X i- v
uunuflo{?'l t0Ft?'uJolnaorarunlc[ruilurun;etrunnlriat'ir.:il rfroutfrrlouri.:
riu
-[a
rfr EJ il 6il a %'[#in'[r,rrr ?1 E r i
lilng n1u1d'onotr ttz eirrlnirrnr:'[a rfisril
lv
36. aou?ra 1
g7. ao uila +
38. aou#o g
A number of (mnmu)
"A number of' riluriru o n:J3rur nrfi oi'o.r q1 il d'r u rirur ruriuld'ruano frer o usiql
rirurruoiruran'rrirl dornlonri 6o riljr "witdtife" 1#or{y d.:rilurirurruriulilloi'
d Ul r q e tv o a "
ant.
o.t til fl't tj't:n tTfl nu n1u 0nilTil1 iln1il tgr
{
urfi'[zr'[#gna?:rflu
is producing
A lot of mta Lots of
nr n fi or :rur or n :J:s m ur o r rir ni ur qr il el-r 16 o nrio fl'o sn u'ir :J :s rr u fi o rili r
"the next episode of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince" lorou'lnilto.:ur
A i A <aA , i 6 y a A dt
l*U',tUt:0{t[aT y{09t[98: ilToaou?'l uaT v{0atq0;ttn3t0']s']utnaoHflil) u.:tlju
:J:yrrufi'lriarrur:ntirnSrt "produce" 1ru6orleirrl'[si'oi'ruqr-':ra.: niursird6.r
to be .' Vs) ,dtu*tonl:0nn:sfir.u.u..u
A o Ala - {
fi T0 [1{vt1{ n 0 nnfl:1.]1a1.[t0.1{
ruri'lsl#gnor?:rflu
amazi n g (rdr rJ :su a'r o'[o )
rufi'ts'l#nna?:rflu
is being produced
or nTon do sn udr:J:rmufi rrvio?.:r a.: :J:sTun 6 o riljr "The tour group" (n si ru
rinvia.rrfirr; o-.rriurillr "amaze" lrirtri'rJ:rnnroto; d.:rGrurilurirniurrae.l
ea ,q iJ- . u A o, j . y A
nrrruffin uqi'tufifid'owirnrirfr riJueirrlrI (Adjective) rff oyrrratirfrruru.u
rj:rmufirililuflnn 6.r'[rimrrur:nn.:::J16ru'li'loiosqi'orr:Jduul:Jorilu:rl pastqqtgllu
Participle (v.) uiiotri'fiermrunrurufrnri'r'jr "t6n..." nrnrGru -ing ornnruuilu
Present Participle (Ving) fi finrrrunrurudrn#rdr'ri'r...'
amazed
'[a ufi EJ il 6{ a t,ut#in'[ua ?'l r,r i
lanEJ R'11*1Ofnq]t 113 eir#nirrnr:'tn rfrsn
39. aoudo 1 to use fld')
rufi'[z'[#nna?:tflu(u
40. aour?o g declining (nonoet/nad{)
ru ri'lzr'Lrl'n n n ? : rfl r,t(u
It'/
41 .aou?ta2 foryear
ru ri'[ z'h{n n a ? : r iJ r,r(u
9'/
42. aauu a 4 late two hours
ornrirniulil "avoid" rrafinrfiu.rt fiorisirurarird.:uiluer-ru-.rn-u'[d'rirnSrr6nrirfiru
ve$'aoioMr
qr ilil n''{ ilr qio.r o d"[u;:J fi 6un'jr Gerund raion?urfi rG ru -ing rnru o'[ri rr rur:n,u ru
odtuf:J ro infinitive (to + V,) snnu:..r:.rqr-?rdanriodtsi(u.u
usrng
nrn#.:rnnrirfio{d'ruvnird.rfido rit'lt "predict" lriruru; d.:rilueirnSurfisio.:(U
qrild'ru To infinitive (to a Vr) rflila kjnrrur:nqnruoi'rurirnirrfiodtuf:Jiu .ll
Gerund (Ving) lei'
to decline
rirurru "yeat'' rilurirurruriu'lei dlsi'ornlT Article "a" illRfililriluuonnorf rrns,u
A t dt €e a Vl u A I
iltnilT:lHJu1^t141r,t0t[El0:lqtil -s lflil0 !ilRTJ1:n0uqt1il6i'11{{a'lilttuunrtnonria.uqtlll
Jln o
14 to
for years
riljr "two hours" 1eo.:frlrut; rilu'irurur?n1/:surr?nr d.:oi'ort"i'qin-urirurruvr
"for" ( ril utr n1 ) rfl il o'[ri sr rur:n'[6'qr il i{r ?itlei'
uufi'lzt'L#nnn?rrilu late for two hours rata two hours late
ln ufi sr N 6r o r,tt#in'[ua ?1 Er i
laaEJ R1g'rfionql* tt4 eir rin irr nr :-[ n u8 er a,r
43. aaur?o g
44. aa uila +
4G. ao uila +
uri'[s'[#Ana?:rflu
do they
the most advanced
quite differently
most advanced
nrn#lrnooYrun#rqrilTonriocrfiurilil "one of' ori dtrijuriruon:Jtrurrudd'0.:
l"frlu:rJuuu "one of the + rirurruriutoinranori" 1rad.rturanrr:I) rarua
45.
9v
aou?Jo 1
urrils'L#nno?:uflu
ioq.;d:r/
ef o%?1 3: a1flilfi (15 zsall' aeul,[?[)
:J:sIueriililhi:J:sTunrirnril q-rlfunr:6u{rirer-urirto.::J:sTrnsioradlu::Juuu
ru ,u
"Su bject + Verb" raru a hi ar rur:n nn u rir rrra r.ir'[oi
ruri'tzrtri'gnnr:rflu they do
q u ite d ifferent 1ei or,rr?ro uot n oirt ;
rit'j'l "different" luornoir.r; uiluri'rerrufiirvi (Aolective) d.tfinrirfisururirurn
.-r^^4-. .. -[?t'tul+ rrdsfl?utj'lR0u?'t{ [?o'tut4u1n1u1tJy]ilttflutu ttst$.J0fior:rurornairu
gTddyo.u-
nfrornLoyrdosrriu'iroir,1 rrii'r ritir "different" rirn-rrirnfirfitururirniur
r T a o , i 6l yo
"
& v dt
1J0.11JT'tUn nA fi1?1 "react" (qauflilot) fr'.:nrnorlfrirruru rir j fuor'0.:tilu
ri r? rsr :*n[ (Adve rb ) rvitfud t o g fl1 il1 rn I u't l rir ni ur'lei
stimulate (n;vq'ntl
f a-/
Lo u m-.: rn aol n Fi'r'ir "Caffeine" ( fl't rnn lr'rl 6 u) fi o qr H rir ti o.:'ir.: LLn y rilj'r'ql
"heartbeat" 1nr:roiuro.:n-rlo; d'runn-rrio.l'jr.: dtrdo16ruqr-rrfionriadn.:l:Joy
rirtv{vrsrrJ:slunfiorrrruraruryir "nr:errry,l6u'lurnio.:6r,d,Jr.rsrlouannoaod'
nr lr:n n :g {u fin:r nr : rd'ur a.l n-rloluur.: n uloY" (caffei ne in soft dri n ks can
stimulate heartbeat in some people.)
'[a rfr E il 6[0 r+'L#in'[un ?1 er i
r{rnu Rltnfionnt* 1ls dtlnirrnT :-[arfiga.r
47. srou#o s
9L/
48. grou?ro
49. aouila z
i nteraction 1nr:rJfi #tr rfi'r.lf)
Io u#t tnqornriljr "with their families and friends" lriun:ounir uns rfi our or
rtr 1 d.: ril uu n n d fura rur u fi .:'ir :J:srr ur a.: :J:sI u n dr fi 6 o fuiu'lvr r (Thai'q
teenagers) sio.:fi'rn3lr osl:#n o dr.:fi'un:ounir uos rfi our o.: rr.rrio I n.:
uAuXavAic-
n?rdonr0rio.JnRao{?rflo r?*toliln?lil14ru'tlri'.:nilqro.lrJ:tTunrr:Jn'[oi'.j.r "r-udu.llqq
'[vrufinr:rJfi#r.rfir,lfii':rsr:aunirunsrfiouro.rrrr#ounrrn:rstfrrnrei?uil1n
nl:Jn-unr:tdutnrufoaun[nr5"
ltnai teenagers are having less interaction with
their families and friends because they spend most of their time playing
online games.)
competent (trio)
fuyuj't
[oufl{rnqalnq']l.[iln{50.]?'t{ytTru?1 "in their English language ability"
(e?'rilmil1:noi'runr:*ro-.:nq:*) d.:rfiu':rio.rn-un?1ilfl.rrur:nntonrrrudruril
y^.4^^,v-3e -- d- 4 e v i r q ,--
a? tn 0 n?J au0.l t14 il136rilm fla til:'ts [n u?lj0.: RU n?1il fl,]ur:n yttrio lunt: Lf
o6le 9,, r f a , v a a
n1u't0.tnq19 n'] liln?'ltJ14il'tuyt.:fiilqfl0.]ilTr IlniJnrrrunruruir ,,untSuuudon
6ruimnrur6'.:nquriluirrronrn:'rvy{?Rrr.rourno;Eiglusirunr:*ro-.:nq:*"
(Students choose English as their major because they want to be competent
in their English language ability.)
sign ificantty ( riluo riro an n)
n?lr.n4ru'rurlo.::J:slunneirrfir "nr:rfiruduoror.'u'arian-ur6'aryrfi.:,,(The cost
of gasotine has increased) firfirduornr6rufiilnl 2.80 rniur-unraio'[:Jrflu
. a a, i A dt ji &: :
5. 75 [14 T U r^U fl 14 T0 qt 0 n fl t I n n n o u fr .: rIJ u n r : rfr I fr a.l fr u rll 1[ a ei r o sJ r nqa
uaXauA
Fr?'tufi il't ufl a{q? [n 0Rila{nna a.]yt flo
'[a rfr sJ EJ 6{ a %'[#in'[ua ?1 ar i
laau R1u16'onnu Lt6 eir rln irr nr :-[n rfi EJ E r
9'/
50. aou?Jo 3
9'/
51 . aou?ra 4
52. aou#o g
ly
53. aou?ro 1
emitted (rJiias)
A e v t , ia q e
fror:rurorncr'ruHfrta.:ria.:'ir'rfifinrrld'rilir "toxic fumes" 1nfufi:*) unrorn
Eitunn-lso.triot'jrrfifinr:ldrilj'r "from motor vehicles" 1orn:nuu6'; d.:rilu
,i.,eavayXayoqv
ufi a.t il il a a g n? ul^l]*O 0 n il1 q ? t n 0 n1 0 u0.] n n a 0 { til:'t r0 cYt1 lfi Ft ? 1 u 14 il't EJ?J a {
,f'Xa,-oA
:J:r I u er eir ufl fi errr run rur u'ir "nfufi ufi q nrj ai o rJorn:n ruqi'" (toxic fumes
emitted from motor vehicles)
industry (qo6nfin::s,r)
Iqu#rrnqornnr:td'rilit "tourism" (nr:vio.:tfirrt fiariqirurarirrio.:'iro don.,rq
' A u dt , A A "ly'- - a u X o o v
il0{tmu?09tt:.Ju09tfl't14nTTililTstRyt14u.t tlnrtil0[Tnnuq?tn0nljouosyt']t14q.u
,sXo
rJ :v I u n fl fi n ? 1 il 14 ru'r u'i 1 "o sr d1 il n :: il R'r :vi o r rfi u r dr fio qi o r s::*ofi or o rq4
:J:ytyrflfidrn-wnrTouur:rut4torjtrrnenlnu" lThe tourism industrv is very
important to the economy of many developing countries including Thailand.)
d.a
confidential (lil1,[a?1e,tnU)
5'@ra
[quffttnnorneiruun-.:tarrio.:'jr'r riljr "until it is officially announced" (oun'j't
osfinr::l:snlrroonilrorjrrriluyn.rnr:) ruao.:'l'rrioqnriourarirdoio.:nnrfi::riJuql .u
nrrrun'ul{riau #T rurulnrirn:ruoonul:Jlri'{dun:lu umrdo,6ilel-rrfiondadnrl:l
oqY r f A t @a 5l
0v?1'ttiln?'ltJt4il'tulj0.tUT;LuFtiln?1il14a.J1u?'t "n1Tgtqflu[0Ta:FtilsnrrilR'l:0s
r-r n r fi u rfl u pr r r ar fi'u o un'j r o r fi n r :il :; n r s o o n il 1 o rir r u il uyrr.r R'r r" (The
committee's decision will be kept confidential until it is officially announced.)
Ur
expelled (tnoon)
r-u&eui,
[qufl.]tngtil014'tci'tuiln{T0.:?'t.t?iTru't'l "after he had been caught cheating
during the final exam" 1nn-.:ornfitlrqno-u'loi'jrmainnt:aou:JnrInrn; d.:
ai.:r.rntri'rin6uu"t*d'on"[eiaonornT:rGuum:rynr:floiqnr:sorlci:Jn1uR'r€rq
A r dt o a Au v d
n 0 ?'t uJ iln't Tn :r m'l n ? 1 il 9.t o Yl T'l u ttT.J tJ'l n1 0 { iln tT u u
ln rfr u Er 6{ o lt'L#in'[r+a ?1 ilr i
7
lanu R1]t'loitnqp tt7 ei'r rin ir1 n1 :'[a ufi t'r EJ
54. ao uila +
55. ao uila z
56. aouz7a S
sustainable
Toufior:nnornnr:td'riljr "devetopment" 1nr:rnTouur; fiorld'ruran-.:tiovjr.l d.:
i
"
u a u 3 qe o q e
HJoulFr?'rrJ14 rjl ur o.r o? tn anr oilrJr tTarmr LilFr?'r il14il'r uIo.r:J:sIun gru:n[.u
aA A r Iv, T q jJa eva A a j
un so?t fl I ry{ t[U n Lo?'r "nlTillu L uur u n1Til QN u't yi tjs ei%ilr lrf n m ond n rn tr
Fr?'1rufi'tut*snr.:R.:ttrqd'at" go avoid an environmental disaster, a policy of
sustainable development has been adopted.)
symbol
i^
rnrrsrrJ0y.ro'rrru'r01nn?tilnl.J''lrJTot6irufiasirarirtio.l'ir.:oyn:l'ir "nr:fieru,u
qe AaAu , +r a Av i a lvu X
il'r n il'r rJ [T?J 0.] n il uu 0 rrt,t nrr ril't n 0 uli 0 nr$ un stofl ?yr Evi0'Lufl " (Many
people use brand-name products such as Gucci handbags and Nike
a A qe a u d ' X,.*1 y u d , o 6
sportswear) n tv! 0 0 u''t n lfi r,t n o R ilfl [n nl il "ril ua{q a n unluu.: n rr ru sr riot o.:
y{?n[?'r" (as symbol of their success) futfiotrurorn:rqrrfieiourir.:atrurnro.:(U
^eXu,RurYr ua ci'r fl nr n'[ri rJ:s sl er r r ru rir rSo lrai o fi rt us.rl n c]
) o.:tri nr rur :ntd'Ruri'r
, Jvu
tlTstR?11A [O
reduce (nn)
'[ n 18 u E r 6{ o r+'l#in'[uor m a.r i
dAJ A
(nuo u%)
t#rUd-nr*n[)
4 a X A 'u e , u | , A
rilafror:rurrfrorarfiodd'ruufirunsoi'runnrrio.:'jr.: fr.rneirrfi.: "#qryrru'lrnl
j i ^ &q , ",
" --t
o:ro:frrfr.:osGnd'.i'Lnri" (the newty-instailed traffic light) n-:J "Rlrolto:fi6orje
turi':tfirhttitiu" (the traffic jam during the rush hour) or#.:rnerfiu'jrrd'ailr
, Xa q d@q 'j, u u
ornno.:eituflilnrrrusltllurnuLutt.:mrr drururrxlrnlo:ro:orriruaqnr:o:ro:fr
^ -q vr ta vlea a u Xa u'u^q afl o tuT? [il.] tT.tTL [9t q? [n 0 nlJ 01*0.] n n ql 0.lyt ao
taau R1r*16'onqtt 118 eir #n i rr n r :'[ n ufi r.r e.r
9v
57, aou?a 1
58. ao uila z
59. ao uila +
local(#aofiu)
f u 5le
[q u frr rn oor n nr:"["f'rilj1 "residents" t {a { or n-u y oi'r ura fr'.l ri o.:.jr.: d.:tuii d
,,4yAv,6l-vd6l,"i6ta
nrurufirpinufioret*'uod'[uo".:n{qrfrur'[rarj uufrueo.:irrarnfi "nr:rJfrri6orrru
rir rru;rirlri':JiurJ1.:tud"ru'iruruungnr:u3nr:flo.rrr.JUnr:ruai.:errnsulu
o-{fiiqu6u.ttnliu#r" (lmprovements should be made in the number and
service of Chiang Mai mass transportation systems) oyrilrilunr:riru
"erou fll{o{qionrrruoio.rnlTT o{nilturiao fir.runyr o.rrinvio.: rfi urluo-tilfer
tGuttnrj" (to meet the needs of local residents and tourists; fiournorfi:rlu
,iaa,yL
R'l TlJ l.tfl { il ? n tUYt q [tn s il 0 t1r,t u { n 0 n ? 1 il a 0.] n't Tull t 0.1
benefit tfiil:cTurf)
rdo.:ornrfio16iler-r16onriodn.:'[:Ju#rovrirtri'rdonrro.r:J:sIrorTqu:ril fi
nrrrururu'ir "rilufi16ori'u'j'rlunsriuftrJ:cTrJrfdosnrrsfi6nr.:nruurnsmr.:to
?J0{nu" (Yoga is believed to benefit the physical and mental well-beings of
people.)
malnutrition (n'l?enritlnrurnr:/n'l:?t1o 6{1;01t4.lt)
AeyJo'
ornrflonrd'runfirra.:rio.:'it.:fi:su'ir "'[u:J:srmsfiornr:fl-lerrrnnuflilvlo" (ln
countries where food is scarce) d.:rilufloo-ufici.rzunrirlri'rfiq "nrrcyril
Tn r ur n r : 6'u r il ur]rp ra rtH qj iil * er ru r :n n 6 n rd u.:'[si", 1,n", n**onl
inevitably a major probtem) et-r rd ondoddr rfi ilrrnilfi net
'[a rfr sJ il 6[ a ll'[#in'[ua ?1 EJ ;
7
totag R1u'rd'onql* tt9 d'r rin irr nr :-[ a ufi er a,r
60. aoufra 1 comm itted 1ri a dwn :rrirdu)
riljr "crime" (o'rrruln::ru; oirura#rriovjrrarrur:ntddn-urirniurnrruqr-rrfron
riafr uiiotrdn?liluil'ruro.:rl:sTrnTor:rrufiormrunruru.ir "o,rrqlnrrufdriadr.r
-- -g- &,-, € 6'6 l4 v e v 4 y , j A
n:sY1'1fl1t?1'r{0l.ttst0:lugt toflT'].1€t?1eJn{?fl t14iln1u g :J:ttnetfrrururnflu"
(Crime committed on the lnternet is a growing cause for concern in many
countries.)
a o%fd 4= Gt?'la.l rr?r'Lo r{i'o utao eo ilat4lo e ut't%)
61 . etou#o s Up to 300 hours 1urufi,r eoo d'eTl.ro;
IovrrinrriTriolqrflu "standby time" (:su&rrnrrilqrndatro) orouur,rrdouo
A .-- o Ulsr e 9 a 6leu
rn5o.: iphone rirfloufir'[d'irururnn:.:n:oud'.ru"i'rufie"[d'rai:?io ,,power and
battery" u::rfrofi z fi:l:;'lfodr..:fiqrou'jt "standby time: Up to 300 hours,,q
- ^' i a &s
(Trust?n1r:JqrnTo:To: u'liln{ 300 T? til.t)
HSDPA/EDGE
Iovrrinruj'rriotqrilu "cellular networks" ro.:rnta.: Blackberry rirooufifir'lei'
ir u ilr n q:r n:a u oir utrr fi oloiu-rrio "ceil u rar and wireress" ur:yr-o d 2' E DG E
and HSDPA networks"
Disp|ay resolution 1nrIat a v 16 u oz oorariro o1
Tovr rinr yjr?uri'r no.: fi riu dfi r n **v (aspect) tqfi rfi fi o un-um n fi nq R1rfi .r
q
!--^-.-.^^-v-4--y -'t- l,t, ' A 4^,._--.- X & A
n't a 0u1 0{1 0un.l 9t 0{Ft 0 u 1 [nnl fl? ur] rn ll 0unut o.: tfr onror nyn no.: n:ou fr.:
rirorouoqltoiri'rrio "oisptay" urryr-ort:n "4g0 x 320 pixel resolution" d.ryru.jrfiru
&a
tu8fi'l9tT.tnu
62, aauila z
63. ao uila +
ln ufr s EJ 6{ a ltt#in'Lr,ra ?1 il #
t6bn U R1l*1Otnqt* 120 eir #n?fi 'l n1 r'tn rfi s a.r
9'/
64. grou?ro 3
65. ao uila 2
9'/
66. aou?t a 2
lacks flower plants that require insects to pollinate
("[ri fi firo o nfi or fis uru ao'lunr:ru ail rn 6[:)
Tomrinruirorn6o.:arrur:nn:rj'lsiirmi:J Antarctica riluorir.rt: rirqouu']'[ei'
ornu::vTofi 3-4 "They are found on every continent except Antarctica, in
every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants."
(#.:nnnu'[oi'[u4nvri:Junr{umi:J Antarctica f,.rnu'[si'[uvrnutviruulnnidfinn
oonfiors-urrrun.:tunrre.r6frJtnflr) d.:drutd'srrur:o".rir*3,1'[si"jrvri:J
Antarctica oi'or rijusnrudidl*nfirq onfi orFt-u ttrun.:tunr:ru flil tnflrtv,l:rrrilu
d d,d irn' A
tl t u.l Yt? il L9l u?Yt Ltj?'lu il.]
uu
pollen ([n6{T9lon [sJ)
Toyrrinrujrriljr "tne latter" lorirrra#.r;luu::vr-e'fi o d'r.:fi.:riljrost: ritEtou
9 tV I o t
flo.rougr"r%r4urFn?'r "latter" odr.:utiuou Ioln.:tnErornei':unfirta.::J:;Itnfi
:;:q'h "Bees are adapted for feeding on nectar and pollen, the former
primarily as an energy source, and the latter primarily for protein and other
A a ' ..&vtu,- i i o 3
nutrients." firfierrrrurailru'ir'firtoi':Jiuqrrtfrofrovfrurirn?1u[[nsrnffiqonnlfi
r il u or nr : o :.i r.: u:n r fi o r il u un ri.m n-r.rr u rr n v o d r r m n-o r fi o ril u ura ri.:I:J : 6 u u a y
fl'rro'n4'rrrfiq6u" ri''rriuriljr "the latter" 6.ldrtfitrillt "potten" lrna:oonl#;
dt"j,6l&-&
rlry:rv rilurir ia n nn d'r? Luer:.: n nruur0.r
They use proboscis to get food.
(d{t# Proboscis leiruroorJrn uruatfi fir,loanil1dr,l;'lunr:rfiuo1il'r:)
ornGatToyrrinrujrfr'n:*r'rrlo.:frrluriotqnnd'or rirqou:J:rngfiotuu::rtod z
"Bees have a long proboscis (a complex "tongue") that enables them to
obtain the nectar from flowers." dluiln'jr 'f,ofiui.uot.::Jrn 61u) fifiuoonrur
A - , X"qu& * Y url
u't? il1 n .r{ o'l u ? v fl ? 1{1+yt't [14 ru.] fl't &Jl Tn tn u u'l 14 ?'l uor n o o n tru tgi"'
'[n rfr EJ aJ 6[ a lt'L#in'[r+a ?1 il ;
7
tiln8 R'lg'16'onnl* 12t eir rln irr nr :'[ a rfr s a,r
67. aou#o g
68. aau#a g
Wasps (0'esio)
or n 6 otlo n rin r ui r rioto'lritri e'Er :t r o fro nlr"r rir q o u r o.: rio dsi'o.: #r rn q o l n(u
u::yt-od M-15 "Members of the family Halictidae, or sweat bee, are the most
common type of bee in the Northern Hemisphere, though they are small and
often mistaken for wasps or flies." d.:fisrrrruraruru'jr "#o'luttrn^ Hatictidae
e 4 A. dt X A uv i q a d T e a & o 3- d
fiT8il.ti 9tr{uJ1lil.tytlr,lu t9ll.J1nmflq [uu:trnrctn Inngtrutilila il.:rfrqfrghtfrn$ns.uq
u 9q a a I 6t u ' a - a
ilnOyOntfl'tt0ilqtFtfi?'tt:Juo?gt014T0uiln.l?u" uns1lnurTnqfr 16-17 ,,Bees
are{
the favorite meal of Merops apiaster, the bbe-eater bird. other common
predators are kingbirds, mockingbirds, bee wolves, and dragonflies." d.:
u:Jn'j'r "f,.:riluornr:frI:J:q:J:1il1l0.t Merops apiaster raiounfiuf,.r eirurinair
i,^ivr
finuilautfio6u.1 '[d'uri 'Kingbirds' 'Mockingbirds' ,Bee
wolves' unyuilR.]il0,,
----Y--.- --1- XA - rvt sr e r 'r4 r6t r s X
0'r nn { fl a{ fl? uua{ 6t'l tj'trn fllu tot ?'t q ? gl a lil tTfl qrlj 0.r li.: 0 rir r ttiluo uq q,l
To maintain wild bee cotonies 1rfi oouaYnsrornmfrn:zooforlry
Tovrrinrujrriolokitriqo:J:vnrri'rooo',trfi'uofro (beekeeping) rirqouro.r?iod'
ti/.v v A
fl'lulTnfl.ltnq lq0lnurrnofl 19-22 "Beekeeping is the maintenance of
honeybee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. A location where bees
are kept is called an apiary. A beekeeper or apiarist keeps bees in order to
collect honey and beeswax, for the purpose of pollinating crops, or to
produce bees for sale to other beekeepers." d.,:finrrruraru1u'jr "nlTLduof,o 6t
nr:grrninurolruro-nrro.rf,'rvlTufiatoi.:drTorufltfioruu:grT *o.ufifdf,onnrd'ur1{,u -' { .u
- --.4 , r d e.-y.{-.-g_ &..&utyA yX ut & a Aq-&0r0ntrun?1T{'tru9,t.t ilrau.lr.t.t0steiu.:l.rt-tfm0torilril.:ttns'[rfrl H3otfia'[r,i'ff1ql 'u
rir u ru sru rn am o r fi sfi :J o nl{ rai o rfi o ru 6 qr f,.:t{rir ra iu tr utriruri fi,fi'u o f,o r., u,u - --' 1t----
A
0u1"
la ufi u il 6[ a %'[#inlua ?1 ilr i
122
ei'r #nirr n'r :'[a ufr eJ E rlanEJ R'lr*ldonqt*
69. aou#a 1
l''/
70. aou?ta 2
9'/
71. aou?ta 2
reach 1fi z r,tr orlTorlsifi o t
Ioyrrinruir rilir "attain" urryl-od tg finmrunruruln#udrtrYurirto n1:n'r
rir sr o ur ortiodoi'ot #r tn or uSu n:o u 1 niljr "attain" u#r qi o u "1 rr:J n :J:rTu nfi
rirl da{ "The largest bee in the world is Megachite Pluto, a leafcutter bee
whose females can attain a length of 39 mm (1.5")." dlurJn'jr "f,ofifirult
iil qj d qqtuln n 6 a M eg achite ptuto rai o f,.r fi ull d.: f,t sTr rfi ut o.r fiufdar rur:n
fi ?,uro urr'ld'fi r gg il il. (1 .s fi. f airunrr run rut ur ot qr-t t6 onriadu 1 ki rrir riu
u?urr o.rrJ:vIusr
To give factual information about bees
A acte' ia. a A - &
(lil a tilsailan luilo:0 [n EJxnu H0)
Toyrrinruirrialqriluoo:J:sarri'roudrod rirqroulorriodsio.rorsunrurrirlo
6 0..:tun r n :r ru ri o u I o rlu ri o ra rir urnn r o d u r'[d'n eir r fi .: n ? 1 il fi n 1 n n nr ur o ir
- <& &q I q
^ iaA , , v A
fl'rulr,r1{5r.hrrrnsnlTv,tuil{ tllfl?1.[91.] I lJ0{ lan luuTt?tuYtu?500n 6[?l.[EJ014u1Yr
z'td'n ri, r d r n-n :*ru;r oo f,o .', r.rn uo do f,ofd fi nul rtu ni fi no frsr:r a r f,r un s
n.'r,fi'u0f,.: e'ifu6{fl'rillrnndrrtoi"jroq:J:vsrri'rrr,+rr*U,notririoqn
A -&Ltnu?nuthllll{to.]
Google is proposing policy on environmentally-friendly technology.
(Goo g te dr a-o tau a uTEJ ur g fi tfi se rTu rn erTr.lTa fi fi rfl r,lfi n : oi a ds ue o #a ru 1
Toyrrinruir6rodrfrurn-uarl: d.rnr:nrrireouarrur:n#.:rnnnlsiornu::yr-od z-
3 "Google is now funding green technology and using its brand power to
lobby for policy change." dlfrnmruraelru'jr "rrud Google loi'lviUusriuaUu
r n nIuI n fi fi r il u fi o :n-u Rr ur o d'o r u n s'ldtdd o rfi u.: I a.: er u
^
;n gTu'trf ,n, n.,
r rl 6 r u u:J n r oir uul u u r u " d.r a :.r n-u a-? rd o n ria dr r o 6
la rfr s sr 6{ a lt't#intun?1 il ;
7
123[6bnEJ Rlurfionn!* iirrinirT nr:-[n rfr s e,r
72. aou#o 1
' l,'/
73. grou?ro 1
lr,/
74. aou?to 1
Cutting back on the consumption of coal and oil
1nr :a o nr:t#ri'rr+fi r+uu rti. rTt rd" ur fi o1
Io n r.inr ujreit'jt "Such movements" 1nr:rnd aulnr oYrudy luu::yr-qfi s dr.:
4 o ' rn o y Xy
fi.rriljroy'[: rirnouso.rriafioioloqjriounriTr{r'j''l "Such movements" ntooqltu
:J:rlunriounrirdrddir "Gooote
"nas
introouced a ptan to wean the unit"o
States off the burning of coal and oil for power and to cut oil use for cars by
4oo/o." drrrrJn'jr "Googte lsirnuoul.runr:t#:J:rrvrssnioorruinlnont:r,.trln#
ri r ufi u u n s rir riu rd'o r u R r rfi o ru fi sr'[r t fl r :r ru fi .: h o n r :tdrir n-u rdo rn fi r t o r
d qeA e
Tn uuqtn.l lfi n.]To ufl I 40"
r O9r
Expense (a1tro'lEJ)
Toyrrinu'j'ros'l:riluriorfiu 1a disadvantage) roit "Such movements" huila lZ
A o uy
fr.:rirqounr'ld'01nil:cTunfirilir "Such movements" odfi:su.i1 "Such
movements could cost trillions of dollars" d.lrrrjn'ir "nr:rndoulntoirudosrir
q ed a A v e A o
lrirRuriuru1nfi.:nnruf,ruf,rurrairrynnig" d'urfiurrio.rn-u:rr.rdru/rirtfii.rulu
4 U 6tt A &- a u&a y A
n'r r I n n 0 il tfi ? T tur.: n [ut: 0.i u a ? [n 0 nr 0 Uqi { n n c{ 0 t fi afi
gradually decrease leiou 1 aoa$/nodofiavriaul
Tovrrinruirr{1'ir "wean off'tilurryr-orfi + finrrrurnrurr'[nii'rdu.:n-urirto riroou
lJ o {rio ii'n..l il't:n fi'.r tn ntd'or n ilTvT u fl fi ri'r 1 fi r d iiTyq'il "Google/qt- has
introduced a plan to wean the United States off the burning of coal and oil
for power and to cut oil use for cars by 40o/o." d.:u:Jn'j'r "Google loi'reuo
up.runr:tvi:J:rtnanuigotruSnraonr:rHrlnririrufiuunsrirn-urdorn6.:rfiorufiqr
b^t rlr :r il fi { n q nr :tfiir ru-u rdo rn fi t r a r:n r ud'n.rtd'leifo u n s 40"
ln ufi s il fl a ltt#intr,rrr ?'l ru i
r$nEJ R1r*1Of nqt* 124
drrinirrnr:-ta ufrse.r
9v
75, aou?ro 3
76. mau#o g
Developing technologies that use alternative energy sources
1frm ur rn erTuTa fi iit#uu d o n a-o or rtil o uyr n)
To n rinr ujr Googte.org n n ri o srtrdurur rd o o ;1: rir q a ur o rrio d#r rn n'loYor n
-A
U:TYloyl 6-3 "Through its charitable arm, Google.org, the company is
supporting plans for designing wind, solar and geothermal technologies,
which it hopes will eventually be cheaper than coal." d.:*tJn'j1 "Ieuor#uriufd
lsi'ornn,r:u3orn Google.org '[d1d'nr:nriuauuur{un1:nlTooRrluur?rnluTnd
qv961 gaAu,6t
lun1TflT"ritlttd{{'11{01nttT{nil uflittt9r9r unrn?1iltTouta?IRl^t {.tutt*ytfi?.]?'][u
fisqrfrriln.irrufi'lqi'ornuraei.:uacirdosfi:rnrnnn'irnn-.:nufild'ornrirufiu"
ot u a u xa u A
'u
n1 a aul 0{q? rn 0R1 0u0{nR q o{?1 fl9t
It can decrease the amount of electricity used as power source.
ln o rufi r tor oftr,lour er sroctftr'lf, r rfl r.lurneion dlootflurlie,nnrfi rio a no;
T 6' I a 6q A I a a rl,l 6l , 6lq
[0munlil?'t9t0ily{?rq0Tt1*01.[1nq0ril]JTyflmfnrrryeltnuri[nulutt.iro.:nt:lri
iln-{{'tu eirnouro.lriod#.:rnqloi'orn:i::yr-qd 9-11 "New efficiency standards
for computers could cut power consumption by the equivalent of 10 to 20
coal-fired plants by 2010, Google said." d.:u:Jn'h "Google'[gincirljrnrutufl
a.?1. 20 1o rur or:gr utra rjtud'r u:J :r Rnfi nr nr o.: et o ru fi r r q o {tfuo, ilr fi r 1 o fi
fl 'uJ l r n n o n r :t dn n-t .r r ul qi'[ u :J3 ru r nr ru r n r fi u u r vi r i{u n u-o o
-',
u d'l ui'.. n
T:r.:r uru6 sr'[r l fl r or n rir ufi u:r ru n-u t o-zo uvi r rn I fi rd u l "
ln ufr s il 6il a ?b'L#in'[ua ?1 Er #
t6bdg R1l*'loonqp t25 airrinirrnr:lnrfise,r
77. aaufro g
t,/
78. aou?ra 4
The animated movie "Kung Fu Panda" was a controversial issue in Ghina.
1
n r n u u o {n r ig r,r rt o o rio { u n u oir n a r s rfl r,l il : s r 6r.1fi r il u fi n n r fi s o n'rr m n
turJ:rrna6u;
I d ' i XA v u o
[omdnruir6o.rfirfiurriuoc'[: ers.lr:n#rrnsr+irsrau'loiorn:l:sIunu:nnqro.]
j e' rl
fialfidrosnouon'lgi "Despite calls to bovcott "Kung Fu Panda," the
animated movie about a bear named Po with a passion for martial arts, is a
huge hit in china." dr u:J n'jr "6r uf'jrosfi nr:fitnfo.rlriqlurertdaeiru
q E I - t y u ct l-A-A s ae A AaA
Rlyiuila:nlTailt:o{n.iT,l trlr{l.[ot''r aurill{R'ty{uuqTmlnu?nufirj9t?141.[.:?1nT0irru qr
TrJ dr in fi n rJ sn1:ei a #til uo dr r rur n uqi n r n u uEr {6 o r dri.: n r rfl ud fi s ru ril ufuql-
m nlu:J :s rn fl 6 r*" o c rfi u'[d"ir :J :rI u n d:J :cn a ulil sir u rdo nr so r r{r udrie urir
v t d 4 ya ,i e'A N q a d
nilou rT{T1ru'tit9tiln0u1nlililn1:n?1u'tslTR']1,{uilqTt:0itl.[ tultusylu'].:nun.u
A eA X { e ' tA X, A 6, v
T1{T 0 U R',] l t U UA : t: 0 { Uil',] n UUn U fl 9t.1 ?','l R',t T.t U il 9t : tT 0 { ul*'t yt 0 3 til ua ? 0 0 Tu? u
tv{rfi q nr:nn rfi u.ri'ulu:J:rryr n6uriJua rirr rurn
the movie caused a conflict with China's commercial interests and its
nationalsymbol
1n r n u u or {i*
"
o d,fl t ar ru q ri rlfrr fi q n e r il rTo u fls :c il'i r o n m er auto oYr r.rt
9q A u v v Ct o a
nr:r{'r1r.t6ilnlud'il6Un"ntrnhJ:s'irs'r6Iao6n;
Iovrrinrl'i.o'.t,nq"d.rfifinr:6unfo.rh{nirJ'rarR'r1,{ uusr{nrfqru#arn-rilq -qi'-----..- ri
.......y.A vq o --.- y 4o y X a r v A
ttvtllo'lna10[o n1a0ulJa:101.[04.:fl{tnq01nril0141[uu014il'lurnt0.:t5otorn
-)U::YtoYt 2-5 "The film, from DreamWorks Animation and Paramount pictures,
has already grossed more than $12 million after less than two weeks in
release, making the opening of the film one of the strongest in China in
recent years." dru:Jn'jr "R'r?uun{r{a.:ddrnirrlouu3:iyroiruri{nunsl,rr:r
d a d o a ll I t .- v A a s U r
Ht't?l il{nt0aT ff"1lt'1:nillt.lu[qil']nn11' 12 n1utl4:utuflfi:6 iln{Qln00nil1u'[:J
lu rr n rhi fi .: n o r #rJ e r f ri rlvin r : ril o sTr n r yr u u n i# o r dr fl ura drtun r : ril o qTr
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  • 1. - nlr6tousr-orfianrinGEJuturilnr[eilnrnrnrmfiarfiarr7rdnur'[r+ermriilsrdr'urfiso'[uil a,rilrim sr fiss oo ioua v [o n?t% il nr:fr nr*r 2sszd9 lr,t a v ?lo 6taua%'l 03 R1r*1 a0 nql* aauiuorfisrriid 21 fiirerprar il.Fr. 2s51 r?d1 08.30 - 10.30 t,t. j T0 - u'lilflnRq JL tnlr1,[{flolJ OA a1afru1u 9y 9,/ 1. danouariufifivi'.:Hruq 8o do r?rJ Part 1 fr 2o ila oY.: uqido Part 2 fi 2s ila oY.,: uqirio Part 3 fi 1s rio #.: uqifo Part 4 fr 2o ila #.:uddo 15 H#'r LLil.roonuiju 1 - 20 rionr 21 - 45 rionv 46 - 60 rionv 61 - 80 rionv 4 Parts d'.,:fl 1 nrLLul.t r?ru 20 flrtLt,tt,t 1 nvLLlAl.[ T?ru 25 flvLLt,tt,l 1 nrLLt,tu r?rl 15 flvLLt,tt,t 2 nvLLl.tl+ T?il 40 flrtLul,[ - 9,/ 9,,/ a./ a T?uvt.t6[1,[ 100 n;ul,[l.[ 2. 3. e6le6la n1:q aulj 0 fl au tfi q 0u n{ [unT&o'r 19Fr1 a 0:J rYl'r141* riorounnriarilurionouuuurfionnou uqinvrioosfiriroou'[d'r6on + rirmou 6a l. z.3.unv 4.q q eA a 6 A a t 9/ A a j d o a e6ty t141',10'lTtu'ltn0nFl''ln0U?l[14U?1 SnOOtnqO il:O[14t]'lc6[lJmqAlil9$Gl1AOU[OU? ttn? [T 6r,laosir ze uiad'ln'ir:surutur.:nnrufisio.:nr:'[un:scn:Erirnou d'rqTrorirr er/ I 9r?o ulil nITAOU (0) Where he going? f . is 2. did 3. will 4. does qlaoia 1J0U gtlnoU?lnnflO is(U 6.:hJn ouqr-r ufi an l tun:yenl*Fi'ra 0u oY.:fr (0) oo@@ fir sio o nr : uJ fi s r+ rir n a utf,l#sro a u n u'l#cc or o u #e 6o : c u r Er'lr+r r n a a.r'lu ai fi sio o nr : lrolr/o9yld 141il%',I?ro6{au rlden:&o'lr*n1sl0uoan01nHo06{au to El [oofl'lo t v qvvv o d d", - q9/ d 6l n01*gr0ulj0flou [Tiltfl']flou[TUu6ouac[aglt?[06lou tr4dilu:nI n.] [un?n:sqtt:s€troou ffi a eitudtlo 6 u#e'l#ao fr aritila 6r a u"lo7 ila6f o u ariu ti' u m1 e n u 1 fi'E rfi s o'[u fri 6[,r ? ltRn dr. EJ n S H &r'r u 4. 5. 6. o./ AeI'/ ouToer o'lo1:eIoiruil1 t?1y'tT{TUGUfi1norilnE ?to6[i a, et et ln ufi u il 6r o ul#in'luor rr ru i
  • 2. 7 ir,rarfi nf,fr zt f;'umaal ilr .Fr.2ss1 83 03 R'll*1o-,onq1* tl,j 14%1n 1 Part 1: Expression (20 items) (ltems 1 - 20= 1 point each) lnstruction : Choose the most appropriate answer for each blank. Situation 1: Mali speaks to Dara as they exit the classroom together. Mali: Dara, you don't look happy. You look so concerned. (1) Dara: I'm worried about the Quota Exam. l've been studying hard for months. But (2) Mali: lt's not the end of the world. (3) You still have days to go. Dara: Sure, 3 days to cram things into my head. Mali: well, let's keep our fingers crossed and (4) 1. 1. What got into you? 3. What was happening? 2. 1. l'm still preparing it. 3. I'm not fully prepared yet. 3. 1. Be alert! 3. Watch out! 4. 1. make it up. 3. walk hand in hand. 2. What's on your mind? 4. What has been done? 2. I have yet to be prepared. 4. I have not been prepared. 2. Slow down! 4. Be optimistic! 2. hope for the best. 4. bring this to an end. '[ n rfr s e,r a a u'l#inlun er ar #
  • 3. 7 a./ A dA q/ rr,tarri nun 21 fi%?'lFttJ y,l .F1.2551 84 v 03 n1u'loonql* tvi 14%1Yr 2 Situation 2: Kanya is a student working part-time at a department store. Kanya: Good afternoon, sir! (5) Customer: Yes, could I see your cameras, please? I saw your ad about some cameras you have on sale. Kanya: All our cameras are in this section. (6) this X-20 model here? Customer: lt looks very nice. How much is it? Kanya: lt's six thousand baht plus tax. Customer: (7) Kanya: The price is already 50% off and the camera comes with a leather case. Customer: OK. (8) Could you gift wrap it for me? Kanya: Sure. ls there anything else I can get for you? Customer: No. (9) , thank you. 2. Did you find anything? 4. What help are you looking for? 5. 1. How may I help you? 3. Would you come with me? 6. 1. Do you care for 3. What do you think of 7. 1. What's the original price? 3. How long is the promotion? r' 8. 1. I'll take it. 3. I'll buy everything. 9. 1. That's perfect 3. That could be it 2. Would you prefer 4. How do you think of 2. Can you give me a discount? 4. Does it include a warranty? 2. I'll come back later. 4. I'll order soon. 2. That will be all 4. That must be enough 1 a rfr s e.r a a r,rt#intn o m e,r i
  • 4. - ________--- Q/ A dA - v ?%o'lYlaun 21 fi%?1nil ?rl ,Fl. 2551 8s 03 R'll*'I6'onql* s'/ j H%111 3 Situation 3: Somchai runs into Nida on campus. Somchai: Hi, Nida. How are you? Nida: Hi, Somchai. l'm fine, thank you. (10) How've you been? somchai: Good, thanks. I see you've just walked out of the science Building. You're not taking classes in biology or something, are you? Nida: No. I was just visiting a friend of mine who's studying biochemistry. Actually, (1 1) Somchai: Oh! I was just going to have something to eat as well. (12) Nida: That would be great. The Student Union cafeteria is quite near here. I go there sometimes. lt's cheap. Somchai: Yes, it's cheap......But (13) Being a health-conscious person, that's one place I try to avoid as much as possible. I only go there when l'm low on money. All right, all right. (14)_,then. where would you like to go? There's a new restaurant at the front gate They say the service is quick, the food is of the university. tasty, and (15) Nida: Somchai: 2. 4. 10. 1. 3. 2. 4. 11. 1. 3. 2. 4. 12. 1. 3. 13. 1. 3. 14. 1. 3. We no longer see each other. It's a longer time since we met. I already had lunch. I'm on my way to lunch. Could we share our meal? Shall we go to lunch togeth er? you will never know! you cannot be choosy! Call it off Pick a place It's nice to meet you I haven't seen you for ages. I'm doing my lunch. I was waiting for lunch. Can we suggest our meal? Should we get together for lunch? you get what you pay for! you should do your best! Be ready Give me a hand 2. 4. 2. 4. ln rfr s il 6[ o r,t'lfrintue ?.1 N i
  • 5. r e/ A €A v ?%a1rl nun 21 fi%?1aEJ T'l .F1,2551 86 03 n'll*'I6'onqt* tyA 14%111 4 2, 4. 15. 1. 3. the bill is fast. the cost is special. (20) How exciting! What a relief! What should we be thinking? What do you have in mind? No big deal! Not quite right! I'll keep an eye on the road. I'll be responsible with the traffic. I hope so too. l'm afraid not. the rate is high. the price is reasonable. Situation 4: Prapai and Suchada are planning their weekend. Wow, we made it through two exams this week! Can you believe that? Yes. (16) Let's do something fun for a change. (17) How about a picnic at Mae Fah Luang Waterfall? (18) Who else is going? You, ffie, Kanda, and perhaps Satira might want to come along. What kind of food and drink should we prepare? You and Kanda can take care of that. (19) I hope it doesn't rain. Prapai: Suchada: Prapai. Suchada: Prapai: Suchada: Prapai: Suchada: Prapai: Suchada. Prapai: 2, 4. 16. 1. 3. 2. 4. 17. 1. '3. 2. 4. 18. 1. 3. 2. 4. 19. 1. 3. 2. 4. 1, 3. How boring! What a nuisance! What are you What is your doing? comment? Sounds great to me! Looks good to me! l'll manage the I'll be in charge Certainly not. I agree. direction. of the transportation. ln rfr s ar c a u'[#in'Lun e'r a.r i 20.
  • 6. 7 iuorfi nzifi z'l #r,urrail y{ .Gt.2ss1 87 03 Rltndonqu eyj r4%11't 5 Part 2: Structure (25 items) (ltems 21 - 45: l point each) A. (ltems 21 - 30) Instruction: choose the correct answer for each blank below. 21- Having lived in Thailand for seven years, Anne _ Thai with all of her Thai friends. 22. of chocolate can result in restlessness in children. 1. Excessive consumption 2. Excessively consumption 3. Consumption excessive 4. Consumption excessively 23. The average temperature of the earth evidence of a dangerous warming. 1. rose 2. rises over the last 30 years, and this is 3. has been rising 4. is rising 24- The observers who were waiting to see the lunar eclipse could have seen the phenomenon if the sky clear last night. 1. was 2. had been 3. would be 4. was being 25. Carol something to upset her son because he looked so worried. 1. might say 3. must have said 1. used to speak 3. used to speaking 2. is used to speak 4. is used to speaking 2. could say 4. should have said 26' Humans began consuming milk around 6,500 B.C., _ previously estimated. 1. earlier than 2. the earlier than 3. earliest of 4. the earliest of 27. After driving for an hour, the tourist stopped a policeman for direction. 3. asking '[n rfr u il 6[ o %'L#inln a ?1 &r i 1. ask 2. to ask 4. by asking
  • 7. iuarfi nf,fr zl #r,mrnEJ v{ .Fr.2ss1 88 u 03 n1l*1ailnql* 1," i r4%'l?1 6 28. 32. German remains an unpopular foreign 1. so is 2. so does students and 4. neither does climate change. language for U.S. 3. neither is Mandarin. is good for you. increased the 29, 4. for 30. There are several English idioms "copycat". f . involve 2. involved animals such as "monkey business" and 3. involving 4. to involve B. (ltems 31 - 35) lnstruction: Choose the best answer to complete each blank below. Food scientists and dieticians have found new ways to make pizza thal Researchers discovered that doubling the amount of time for baking pizza base The speaker talked about the 1, on 2. in impact of global warming 3. with levels of antioxidants which help fight cancer and heart disease. (31) the team experimented with different cooking temperatures. Their results showed a higher heat also made the pizza healthier to eat. This new research may help pizza sales around the world. (32) , some diet experts warned that it is still better to eat fruit and vegetables. ln addition, pizza that is baked longer may not be so healthy (33) people choose unhealthy toppings. Jacqui Lowdon, a British diet expert, warned that (34) the pizza base might be good for you, people might be "more likely to choose extra cheese." (35) , the study's author, Jeffrey Moore, said his findings were good for people who like deep-pan pizzas. 2. 4. 31. 1. 3. Additionally Accordingly However Furthermore if while Finally Alternatively Therefore Besides unless AS '[n rfi E il aa ltt#in'[r,uo?1 ili 2. 4. 2. 4. 1. 3. 1. 3. 33.
  • 8. -,,, Y ir,rorfi n$fi zt fiinraar y{ .Ft. zss1 89 03 R1u1o-fnqu ltt j r4%1Yt 7 34. 1. because 3. in spite of 35. 1. ln other words 3. Likewise C. (ltems 36 - 45) 2. even so 4. although 2. Nevertheless 4. lndeed lnstruction: ln each of the following sentences, four words or phrases have been underlined. Choose the one word or phrase that makes the sentdnce grammatically incorrect. 36. A number of marine wildlife was found dead after the crude oil had been spilled into the 1234 ' sea. 37. Fans-of Harry Potter mav have to wait for a while as the next episod e of Harry pofter and the Half-Blood Prince is producing. 4 38. The tour group which visited wat phra That Lampang Luang was amazinq at the 123 Lanna architecture of the temple. 4 39. People should avoid to use wireless technology whenever possible because of the ;er:2 risks it may pose to health. 34 40. The country's economv is predicted declining 6.30/o by 200g due to the recent political '1 2 3 + conflicts. '[n rfr s il 6il a lt'[#in'[r+n ?1 il i
  • 9. v A dA a/ ?%o1Yi nun 2'l fil,[?'lail T{ .F1.2551 90 03 R1t*'16'onq$ jvi 14%1Yl I 41. The city of St. John - a place which I've known for Vear - is located in eastern 1234 Newfoundland, Canada. 42. Mary usually arrives at the office at nine o'clock, but because of the storm, she was 123 late two hours. 43. With its all - wheel - drive technology, Peugeot HYmotion 3 has become one of 1 most advanced scooters ever invented. 44. People can lose weiqht if they weigh themselves regularly and keep track of how 123 many calories do thev consume. 4 45. Women and men react quite different to their perceptions of how other people see them. 1234 '[n rfi EJ ilr 6{ o %'[#in'[r+n ?1 aJ i
  • 10. r v A €a qr ?%o'lYt @un 21 fil,t?1nil il .F1.2551 9t 03 R1t*'ld'onqu s'/ j 14%1?l I I I Part 3: Vocabulary (15 items) (ltems 46 - 60: l point each) lnstruction: Choose the best answer for each item. 46. Caffeine in soft drinks can heartbeat in some people. f . infect 2. lengthen 3. penetrate 4, stimulate 47. Thai teenagers are having less with their families and friends because they spend most of their time playing online games. 1. similarity 2. thoughtfulness 3. interaction 4. friendship 48. students choose English as their major because they want to be in their English language ability. 1. competent 2. accurate 3. progressive 4. international 49. The cost of gasoline has increased during the last six months, from $ 2.gO to $5.75 per gallon. 1. slightly 2. significanily 3. automatically 4. actively 50. Traffic police wear masks to protect themselves from toxic fumes from motor vehicles. 1. discovered 2. derived 3. emitted 4. extracted 51. The tourism ls very important to the economy of many developing countries including Thailand. 1- destination 2. popularity 3. extension 4. industry ! 52' The committee's decision will be kept until it is officially announced. 1' conclusive 2. contrastive 3. confidential 4. conventional 53. The student was final exam. from school after he had been caught cheating during the 1' expelled 2. excused 3. exposed 4. excluded '[n rfi sJ il 6[ a t+'L#in'[un ?1 EJ i
  • 11. a./ A dA c-'t ll,talYinEIn 21 fi%?1FttJ y,l .FI. 2551 92 q'r 03 R1r*lornqu tvi 14%11'1 10 54. To avoid an environmental disaster, a policy of _ development has been adopted. 1. substantial 2. successive 3. sufficient 4. sustainable 55. Many people use brand-name products such as Gucci handbags and Nike sportswear as of their success. 1, credit 2. symbol 3. method 4. trademark the traffic jam56. lt is expected that the newly-installed traffic light will-help 57. lmprovements should be made in the number and service of Chiang Mai mass transportation systems to meet the needs of residents and tourists. 2, normal 3. global during the rush hour. 1. simplify 1. local 58. Yoga is believed to 1. attract 59. ln countries where food is scarce 1. overpopulation 3. illiteracy 60. Crirne 1, committed 2. created 2. maintain 3. reduce 4. transfer 4. typical the physical and mental well-beings of people. 2, benefit 3. inspire 4, motivate is inevitably a major problem. 2. independence 4. malnutrition on the lnternet is a growing cause for concern in many countries. 3. designed 4. delivered '[ n rfr u EJ 6[ o u'[ri'in'[u n m e.r i
  • 12. iltorfi n$fi zl #nrraal fl .Fr.2ss1 93 03 R1r*16'onqu s,/ j t4%11'l 1 1 Part 4: Reading Comprehension (ltems 61 - 80: 2 points each) lnstructions: Read the passages and choose the best answer for each item. Passage 1: ltems 61-63 iPhone BIackberry 1 n rfr s aJ 6[ o %'[#in'[r,ra ?1 EJ i Size and weight Height: 4.5 inches (1 15.5 mm) Width. 2.4 inches (62.1 mm) Depth: 0.48 inch (12.3 mm) Weight: 4.7 ounces (133 grams) Memory capacity: 8GB or 16GB Display - 480 x 320 pixel resolution Support for display of multiple languages and characters si m u ltaneously Cellular and wireless UMTS/HSDPA (950, 1900 , 2100 MHz) GSM/EDGE (850, 900, 1900, 1900 MHz) Power and battery - Talk time: Up to 10 hours Standby time: Up to 300 hours - Charging via USB to computer system or power adapter Accessories Leather case - 4GB memory card Size and weight Height: 4.8 inches (114 mm) Width. 2.6 inches (66 mm) Depth: 0.59 inch (15 mm) Weight: 4.8 ounces (130 grams) Memory capacity: 1GB or 4GB Display - 480 x 320 pixel resolution Supports over 65,000 colors Font size (user selectable) Gellular and wireless - 850, 900, 1800, 1900 MHz GSM EDGE and HSDPA networks Power and battery - Talk time: Up to 4.5 hours - Standby time: Up to 324 hours - Chargeable through USB cable and wall charger Accessories Changeable silicone case - 516 MB memory card iFh*ne ffi$mc,kh*rry
  • 13. a-/ a. dA a-t ?1,to1?lnun 21 fi%?'lFtEJ T{ .F1.2551 94 q'/ 03 R1ulofnqu tl,A 14%1n 12 61. 62. 63. What is the standby-time of the iPhone's battery? 1 . Up to 10 hours 2. 3. Up to 300 hours 4. Up to Up to 4.5 hours 324 hours Which of the following 1. UMTS/GSM 3. HSDPA/UMTS ln what aspect are the 1. Accessories 3. Memory capacity are cellular networks for the Blackberry? 2. HSDPA/EDGE 4. EDGE/UMTS two products exactly the same? 2. Size 4. Display resolution Passage 2: ltems 64-70 Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants. There are nearly 20,000 known species of bees, in nine recognized families, though many are undescribed and the actual number is probably higher. They are found on every continent except Antarctica, in every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants. 5 Bees are adapted for feeding on nectar and pollen, the former primarily as an energy source, and the latter primarily for protein and other nutrients- Most pollen is used as food for larvae. Bees have a long proboscis (a complex "tongue") that enables them to obtain the nectar from flowers. They have antennae almost universally made up of 13 segments in males and twelve in females, as is typical for the superfamily. Bees all have two pairs of wings, the 10 hind pair being the smaller of the two; in a very few species, one sex or caste has relatively short wings that make flight difficult or impossible, but none is wingless. The stingless bee whose workers gre about 2.1 mm (src tt ) is Megachile pluto, a leafcutter bee whose females can Members of the family Halictidae, or sweat bee, are the 1 n ufi s E r 6{ o %'[#in'Lr,la ?1 il ; smallest bee is Trigona minima, a long. The largest bee in the world attain a length of 39 mm (1.5tt). most common type of bee
  • 14. r iua'rfi n$fi zt frurrail y.t ,Gt.2ss1 9s qt 03 R1r*lornqu e,/ j 14%1m 13 15 in the Northern Hemisphere, though they are small and often mistaken for wasps or flies. Bees are the favorite meal of Merops apiaster, the bee-eater bird. Other common predators are kingbirds, mockingbirds, bee wolves, and dragonflies. The best-known bee species is the European honeybee, which, as its name suggests, produces honey, as do a few other types of bee. Human management of this species is known as beekeeping or apiculture. Beekeeping is 20 the maintenance of honeybee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. A location where bees are kept is called an apiary. A beekeeper or apiarist keeps bees in order to collect honey and beeswax, for the purpose of pollinating crops, or to produce bees for sale to other beekeepers. 64. According to the passage, it can be concluded that Antarctica 1. has a variety of flowering plants 2. is a home of various unknown species of bees 3. lacks flower plants that require insects to pollinate 4. is a suitable habitat for many insects including bees 65. What does "the latte/' (line 6) refer to? 1. nectar Z. pollen 3. energy source 4. protein and nutrients 66. According to the passage, which is correct about the characteristics of bees? 1. Some species don't have wings. 2. They use proboscis to get food. 3. Their four wings are of the same size. 4. Their antennae have the same number of segments. 67. According to the passage, which is NOT an enemy of bees? 1. Merops apiaster 2. Dragonflies 3. Wasps 4. Kingbirds '[a rfr EJ sJ 6[ a r,t'[#in'[ua ?1 sJ ;
  • 15. arAdA-a-/ ?%o1Yt nun 21 fi%'t1ail Tll .G1, 2551 96 a'/ 03 R1t*'lo'onqu 9'/ j 14%1n 14 68. What is NOT a purpose of beekeeping? 1. To pollinate plants 2. To produce bees for sale 3. To maintain wild bee colonies 4, To gather honey and beeswax 69. The word "attain" (line 13) is closest in 1. reach 3. carry meaning to 2. keep 4. produce 70. What is the purpose of the passage? 1. To present new discovery about nature of bees 2. To give factual information about bees 3. To discuss significance of beekeeping 4. To describe bee's habitat Passage 3: ltems 71 - 76 Having conquered the market for Web search by first simplifying how it is done and then making sales of related advertising more efficient, Google is now funding green technology and using its brand power to lobby for policy change. Google has introduced a plan to wean the United States off the burning of coal and oil for power and to cut oil use for cars by 40%. Such movements could cost trillions of dollars, but Google believes they should ultimately save money. Through its charitable arm, Google.org, the company is supporting plans for designing wind, solar and geothermal technologies, which it hopes will eventually be cheaper than coal. Google invested $45 million on such companies this year. Google itself is making improvements on its servers and at its buildings. New efficiency standards for computers could cut power consumption by the equivalent of 10 to 20 coal-fired plants by 2010, Google said. Google recently joined with General Electric to speed up development of new power grid technology. 10 '[ a r8 u N 6{ a %t#in'[r,urr ?1 N i
  • 16. - e'/ A da ql ?%o'lYt nun 21 fi%?1aN Y{ .G1. 2551 97 q'r 03 R1r*laonqu tvi 14%1?1 15 I I I t I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I I l. I I I 7'1. What is the passage mainly about? L Google is investing money in reducing alternative energy sources. 2. Google is proposing policy on environmentally-friendly technology. 3. Google is expanding its business by joining an energy-generating company. 4. Google is opposing a new computer system that reduces power consumption. 72. What does the phrase "such movements" (line 5) refer to? L Cutting back on the consumption of coal and oil 2. Adding sales of related advertising on its website 3. Conquering and simplifying its web search engine 4. Funding green technology and controlling the environment 7g. What is a disadvantage of "such movements" in item 72? 1. Expense 2. Technology 3. Sources of energy 4. US political situation 74. The term "wean off' (line 4) is closest in meaning to 1, gradually decrease 3. immediately stop 75. What is the Google.org established for? 1. Managing the money that Google has earned 2. lmproving computer servers and office buildings 3. Developing technologies that use alternative energy sources 4. Working on the shutting down coal-fired power plants 76. How efficient will the future computer be in terms of power consumption? 1. lt can improve new power technology. 2. lt can reduce the number of factories powered by coal. 3. lt can decrease the amount of electricity used as power source. 4. lt can provide power source to serve factories at the same time. 2. slowly increase 4. instantly start '[n rfr u EJ 6{ o lt'[#in'[un ?1 E r i
  • 17. il,rarfi n$fi zt #um@EJ y{ ,Fr.2ss1 98 03 R1r*1d'onqp s'/ j r4%1r1 16 Passage 4: ltems 77 -80 Despite calls to boycott "Kung Fu Panda," the animated movie about a bear named Po with a passion for martial arts, is a huge hit in China. The film, from DreamWorks Animation and Paramount Pictures, has already grossed more than $12 million after less than two weeks in release, making the opening of the film one of the strongest in China in 5 recent years. Globally, the movie has brought in $275 million, Paramount said. Some Chinese critics had asked consumers to protest the film because Steven Spielberg, a top executive at DreamWorks , had resigned last February as artistic adviser to the 2OOB Beijing Olympics after failing to persuade Chinese officials to do more to help the Darfur region of Sudan. Another group , backed by the Chinese artist Zhao Bandi, who uses 10 pandas as an inspiration for his work, also called for a boycott, saying the animated film was exploiting a national symbol. But the film opened June 21 to huge crowds in Beijing, Shanghai and other big cities. Chinese audiences have praised the quality of the animation and its colorful and clever depiction of various aspects of ancient Chinese culture, architecture and scenery. 15 The release of the film was postponed in Sichuan Province, the largest panda-breeding center in China and the site of a devastating earthquake that killed more than 69,000 people in May. One reason for the delay was the sensitivities involved in a region that was still in mourning. But after the film opened there last week, theater operators said their houses were packed. "lt is the most successful animation movie in our cinema history," 20 said Li Jiquing, general manager at Wagfujing Cinema in Chengdu, the capital of Sichuan Province. The American producers of "Kung Fu Panda," which is set in the Li River Valley in the Guangxi Province of southwestern China, have called the movie a salute to Chinese culture and to Hong Kong martial arts films. News shows and lnternet bloggers in China 25 are now debating the merits of the film and asking why Chinese film-makers and animators cannot compete with foreign producers. 1 a r8 Er aJ 6r o %'[#inlua x1 il ;
  • 18. iuorfi nrifi zl fr'r,m"r@al T{ .Gr. zss1 99 03 n1u16'onqt* tvA r4%1r1 17 77. What is the passage mainly about? 1. Martial arts is a common feature in action movies. 2. Hollywood movies are popular among Chinese movie goers. 3. The animated movie "Kung Fu Panda" was a controversial issue in China. 4. Ancient Chinese culture and architecture are the main features in "Kung Fu Panda." 78. One of the reasons for a call to boycott the animated film "Kung Fu Panda" is 1. the movie has caused political tension between China and the US 2. the movie's producer was an artistic advisor for the 2008 Beijing Olympics. 3. the movie was too sensitive foe Chinese people affected by the earthquake 4. the movie caused a conflict with China's commercial interests and its national symbol 79. The word "exploiting" (line 1 1) is closest in meaning to_. 1. taking advantage of 3. representing 80. What can be concluded from the last paragraph? 1. Chinese government will ban all Hollywood movies. 2. Chinese film makers and animators will probably move to Hollywood. 3. Chinese movies presenting Pandas and Chinese culture will be less popular. 4. Chinese film makers and animators will likely start making their own animated films. ************ "f4 ] W '[a rfr u EJ 6{ a r,t'[#in'[un ?1 ilr i 2. denying 4, advertising
  • 19. ranEJ R1r*16'onqp 101 rirrlnirrnr:'tn rfruil AEJ tcbn u ?51R'lt*1o$nqu 1)2 7)2 13) 2 1e) 4 25) 3 31) 1 37) 4 43) 3 4e) 2 55) 2 61) 3 67) 3 73) 1 7e) 1 2)3 8)1 14) 3 20) 2 26) 1 32) 1 38) 3 44) 4 50) 3 56) 3 62) 2 68) 3 74) 1 B0) 4 3)4 e)2 15) 4 21) 4 27) 2 33) 1 3e) 1 45) 1 51) 4 57) 1 63) 4 6e) 1 75) 3 4)2 10) 4 16) 3 22) 1 28) 2 34) 4 40) 3 46) 4 52) 3 58) 2 64) 3 70) 2 76) 3 5)1 11) 3 17) 3 23) 3 2s) 1 35) 2 41) 2 47) 3 53) 1 5e) 4 65) 2 71) 2 77) 3 6)3 12) 3 18) 2 24) 2 30) 3 36) 1 42) 4 48) 1 54) 4 60) 1 66) 2 72) 1 78) 4 '[ n rfr er ar a o u'L#in'[r,u n m a.r i
  • 20. ranEJ R1l*1O0nRU 102 rir #nirT nr ;-[n rfi r.r e,r ? ror ztsv{ilacilo u irrR'n*1 d'o n q r* aot+fi 1: uyt6[%y1%1 (20 ilatZO Gt&rrt,rt,t) 9I'/ 1. aou?r a 2 l,'/ 2. aou?ro 3 What's on your mind? lroa ft 16oo o cl:'lni aur alo rra:a; To u#.: tn nor nrir n or fi on:r o o un fr'u rur'ir "t'm worried about the euota Exam." 1aurT.:':nri'unr:eauTerrd'rnr;turfioql:rrfiqnmilrY.{rnto'lunr:souTord'r rush 6rnr:nrruqi.u''ud',*r''srflurirnrrufild'o'lu,ft.#.:unqrrfiu'ir6nilrund.:'[riarru to rai o fi R.: fi q il n 6tq 1 rfi odu d'r 6 n r.lr u il dnJ n G qr d gr fr n rir ur#rki fr n rr ru u nriqE.l q o X u, to .1 rirnr rfiostrin ntd'nr il I'm not fully prepared yet. ldr.wiorlrioru'lrirfirufirau1 Tqu#rtnqrornrilir "But" Htitriayir.:drrilurirr{iorulfr{iorurionmrufin-erusi.ri'u lurfi o:J:slu nnrir riti'r "But" fi errr run tr u'ir qr:rlolairunf.rf, a ao u rur rflJu 16ou1 u#r (l've been studying hard for months.y d'triu:J:vTunrafr'.1 "But" 6{ si'o r fi n r r ru n il r u fi ?-er u ri.r riu air ura rir qir rfi a nrio o 6.: n n olo r fi ao Be optimistic (6 otuo?rudrrio u R; ruvfiv^roriourariT drr#'l'j'r "lt's not the end of the world." dtfrnmruraruru.ir ,,Inn E fiffi'lilnailyrnru'[:J#nnriou" rfiotri'rirn-.:toor:r unsufiotfi:J:slund'qilrfi n?lilfiil'ru6roonfro.:n-u:J:rTus'd lsfi6iei'aruosiordotri'on:r6erluoiru6'[friou.u !l evl ' u -^.l{t---- e A d q a q eo v 0 0 s t9t t3,l n { ? n n u n1 Tfl 0 u vt fl 1 n { 0 v rur n r fr t il n r r il fi il't rJ Iu t6.] [d'dr n t-[o 'AuaauXajITUIO U?R1,[ A? tR 0Rfl O1{A{ tfi tj',tsfl t J?',i fl O '[a ufr s il 6{ o r,t'L#in'[r+a ?1 il i 3. mo uila +
  • 21. [aag R1t]16'onnl* 103 eir#n?rrnr:-[a ufrsa.r 4, aouilaz 9'/ 5. aour o 6. srou#a s T. aouilaz 8. aouz?o Iqu#rrnno'rnrirnoufignri'roroujr "tt tooks very nice." 1nTufiorour; d.:rilun.r:.u A6-9tAa,^uLe,- rusqrnrril6qrfruro.rnnd'rfffiqioRurYr uufrttse.:'irrirnrerriourarirfiqi'o.rrilu n1n1il7t[sn'lilr?,t0 lilnnn']ttflqt.:nr1ilGiqtilu0ilrtuiluoufr'.:Et:.:ruohrfronriofi hope for the best 1r.rr-ofi.rdofi6i4qo,y tn:rrruvfiperiouil#rddl "keep our fingers crossed" drriluctru.:ufil..fi'orurnr:,u na'[ri'nruuf.r rr:Jn'[d"ir "fu,r'''a.r'rR'l?n'nJetri'r:.rTsndriurn oz1 7,,rirtri' vavdayvoaeq-A n?1 il 14 il'r rju 0 { q ? [a 0 nr 0 2 n il o?'l t.t 14 tj't u fl 0 q n 6[ 0.] n u flr ur ufl lua ufr o sdr u ^ I o sdl l/l r q vtit tfl:il flil.: n'l n.t [0 ttfl y ttjyt o ttTt1{1{t0.1 How may I hetp you? (fiocl:'lfizieu'lraaurivy d r v iq 3. 01nfln'rilRr:ni:su'irnt*u'tu.: turrurur:Junrin.:rurr sro.rtuvirrs::nRurirq o u u e o Xa 6 6r e qvdt ^ o drnryrnmrunnri'r drnrilt*o.to'tr:Juqo.lnntd'r{lurirnralu:nlunr:r?rud'uyr-nmIu.u(U o n ri'r rnru o rd r nso.: e'm ar n io ru un serrr ru 16 rutotunr:tri'uinr:n n ri'rcl '-qt What do you think of (qnr6oodro'l:fru1 Can you give me a discount? (aor1a1'l#uriauloi'turuy rfiotr{eooer#o{n-urirqouto.:niuu'rdrrilulrrintrurrufinou.jr "tne price is already 50% off' 1tlr'.ld,flu:rsnfinqu#r 5o%) rrflo.i'irrirnrruro.:onri'rsi'0.: A-A-aee nrtrfrurnun'r:Todollal {.:e?[nan{ofifinr:td'ri-r,i1 ,,discount,' dtrr:Jn.ir " d? t*n q " ut o "n1 Tn q 11 Fr1 " d'.,: #uoi'r rfi o nrio Aa o lij urir n o u fd o n qi'o r(u 9,/ I'll take it. (to'rd'r,tfinv1 1 n rfi s il 6{ o %'[#in'[r,ra ?1 ar ; rvr:rvqnrirorouenriauHrird'jr.oK" d.:rflunlTq0uann.:'jrrrroiornr:fiovdoqt a.-.-u-X_.] y..4..- A_-_y_&a---y_ A dt v 6tev a & , fll*n1Tuu ct.:uuq?[nanr0ua{0nEt0.:yisott},l:rytilunr:ttiulti'rqtou6nnft.jr,uq .-_4 t dA X ^ u X t tt.r il n?1 il lJTs fl { n n0 ru 0 fl uctl tuu0 ut.: ttt [uo u
  • 22. lilng R'lu1a0nqn* 104 ii'r#n?rrnr:'[n rfrsaJ 9. ao uila Z 9I'/ 10. aou?ra 4 11. aou#o 3 12. aau#a s That will be all. 1ueifinvl I @ " A- [qufl{tna01nnrlnlilytnuu.1n1il?'t "ls there anything else I can get for you?" , u , j i a u , i ct . jqu A t e v e A N (0sTU0u'].l0utlr.tti0ntnilnv) {{tlll.tFrln1ilrttrnlilt9.t01'tnnnlu.:9t0{nlTila36tr0 Surirorjr.:6u6nntoki drnnrYrorornn-urur'jr "No" fliln;; fiufiruser.r'jrqnrirhlqt yA&^etai.laeou&ai 0 0 { nl TYt o g s 0 fl l{Ft'] 0 u'I.1 0 u tl^t il a n $n ? 01 a 0 u I 0 ila.l til il1 e Ril Yt fl 9t I haven't seen you for ages. t#uld"td'nuruarion a%[asrt&) I u " ia , v v [aufl.][nq01nfl1n'lilnuq'lntilfltJT1ugt0q'tuun.jT0i?'t{'j'l "How've you been?" lrilu'[rw arru6lraru; dtriJurirn'rrufi16'lunr:vTnvrrurdouefimungrfJu " jqe d o & , &o M rl,tv v dt Fr1nlilyttTnlt..tfl'tTYtn1fl19ru uttttfl9r.t?'lYt.Ju9r1unrflilT1uo.:LtitoTrunuil'rriluqq rrnruruurd'r I'm on my way to lunch. 1d'r+rir#oov"lilnruzirrnnroiu; s@i [qud'ttnqornnr:ffnilgruqou'jr "Oh! I was just going to have something to eat as wetl." (n4rol #ufirirn-.:oslilnros'l:fiuno6; d.:rilunr::jiuon'jrfiqrd'or vr q ri o un fil fl a.r 5'r u turi r u o.: fi r fi sr r fiu n r :t:J m r u o cl: #n a d r r nru rr u6 r Er o u.il q"i n n u il'r I u n 1 u o.J r n u r riu n r :hJ n r o sl:m r u ril fi o u nlu Shall we go to lunch together? 1r:r'lrJnruz?rrnnroiuoleun-r+'[raru; Iq u#r rnqotnrir ol olfi fior Er ounn"'urur'jr "tnat would be great." 1rfi urul:J rn l; d r r il u iir u. ufi tfluo r : n a u iu ri r rr ui ri r r fi ru u aq.]'i r n il m u ei'o r fi n'r rn'r ru n 1 n 1 il n 0 ltn u1 u tuyt't 1.[ 0 { rT nJ 5? u14 T 0 T n t? u 114 yl't 0 s [T fl n a u r.: n u.: tt n r y 4 u X& e t' ,. ^.. tr qc4 a a v q?rnonrol*ljuetlto?u "Shall we ...?" fir"lflunr:r8rumuuToThr?1,l rireou -&aA I AU0.l t14 t J',t s fl 3,J ?1 fl Iq '[n rfi s N 6[ a %'L#in'[r+a ?1 N ;
  • 23. 7 toau R'11*1otnqt} 105 eir#nirrn'r:-[nrfrE Er 13. ao uila z 9r/ 14. aou?lo 3 15. ao yila + 10. aauz?o s you get what you pay for! lroaffloiocirofirooqirs'hJnvur; or n nr:tdrilir "But" ri oura rir dt r o *url udo ril urir 16 a rutfrfi o rurio n rr ru fi ft X v y u q i r f ' o &' rfloilrrJqurirnlu"luriio:J:slsJnriouilrirfifisrurrunorjr "yes, it's cneap.', (tri ax -&ornr:fifinny oY.:fiu:J:;Llornn-.:rilir "But" oi'orfinmrunilruq:lfiutirl rfiiotri' & a - r:Jnlqi.ir "tri ornr:fidnn urqirlofi'loYn?1ilfi tj'tufl o.tyt.lflo{Ltft?'uJ19tttu{ uneuiln [9]?.1 " [T 0.114-t:i q, ,^j odrtfrttasjlufliur" (Yes, it's cheap. But, you get what you pay for!) uiou:Jn ud , A,, .,X , ue ju,, a i, [q 0 n a ur{l4u.]?'t "ff afl 0.: nn u 0 ru ldfl orr1 lri qi o u il n r[R1 y,l " uuuo.t Pick a place lrfionirnnriaafiy Iou#.:rnsrornrirntaln-olrfrfiornrrj1 "Where would you like to go?,, (tl.o o ur n o s'[:J'[il iln r ) riu u aq yi r fi o r oi'o r n r :tv{ail m Er dr u G q'j 1 n'] :o ghj m r ufr r -lttavt,is nnt.l?uyt tt4uq 141n tilmluyt [T.t 0'n4']: the price is reasonable (:'lrt1dil[r4qdilfla) ri1 rdo il "and" ri o un rirdrfl urir rdo ru fi tdrdo rurio nm ru fi fi rd'orar sr #a u nr ru ri'u otnrioermruriouHrirflfiflilrluuon'j'r "tne service is quick, the food is tasty,, 1u3n'r:r5r ornr:oiouy oiriurioenrarHn-.:riljr "and" oio.:n#ounrrun-uetrud rfi olfdo or.', u tYo, *,ol u:J nloi"ir "1ir ud; rinr:rTr or Hr:oda u un s:r nr fi flLltilnfllJt{n" (the service is quick, the food is tasty, and the price is reasonable.) What a relief! fci,rtoqo 1y r il un:: il q r r o r #n 6 u un n n ufi lr a n o u r s5o u d'r fi o s fr n m ru if; o uu u d :J : gtil'l ey j U t ' u ! u I a _ 6 a e y q ut tX u [RT%t].lnAUfiU'I1{[[n??'l1l']nt?J'tflouao.:'tgrtniotStuSouun":-tua:Jordii ylforu tiouoror'''nr:dtoTou#.:rnqo''lndli'r "wow" d.rriludravnutdtunr:rflo{n?.uJ.l Aqdv 6"[o utnvqmqrffnffouqnruTetrlqrornrilqrou "yes" ql-.nilrqr-rrfianriod6.:rfir.l.ryflrJ ,'qr Ylfl9r ln ufr u Er 6r o r,l'[#in'[un ?1 N i
  • 24. [6bng R1u1a0nqu 106 eir rin ir1 n1 :'tn rfr er a.r 9v 17. grou?Jo 3 18. ao u#a z 19. na uila + What do you have in mind? lroo6oav'l:'lflutoavy :J:r'lvr'loi'qoriourarirfl'j1 "Let's do something fun for a change." 1r:rrurrilduu(u ur:ulnlfl rirost:nun.1 rYudn'jr; nrrer6{flr:nrruqiorur'jr ud'r:J:s'[n6ooy'[: 'li'udrtuto d.,:fifierrrruraruru6nfirHd.:'ir:J:s'[nfruruunr:orrirasnl: ryi:''r! :J:s'[ilroi#uunnrfirilunutrutdl:Jr:Jdruu::urnrsrlor'lri'virovl:finun q riu9t 6 t r lrl e a a l,l a a Vv v n [tflo.J?'r:l:r [y,t q 0{ il Ft?'] rJ 9t 9t 0s tTgt 6] [qTU il [? tto? Sounds great to met lfloqrzirvittrl rir sr o r fi'rfJurir ol our or rir nr ru ri o unrir dfi :J:yln nr rudr "How about a picnic at Mae Fah Luang waterfatt?" 1r:r'l:Jilnfinfi rir qn urirlrnnrlniudlra ru) dt rilu rirnrruturf.rrfirutrw#nt.:ut#amo'r'[:Jsi'ru r-oriu*nl116.:srrur:nrfionnou lire t a s q 'l '[d'so.:odr.: 6o sroriurirtru nio orol:Jfirnlrirtru *nsornrirnrruoi'runn-.1fi qtrornrruoio'jr "wno etse is going?" 1ud'rfinudu1'[:Jvi'ru6nlraru; riurioru ttnq.]'jrgtrord'0.:sro:.rirrirr:ut or:J:;1n uii'r o rirr rrr.iuou6.:'[sinrruqiooi'r uq n1 n1 il uuun uns n? [n 0 nr 0 u[:J un't qt 0 u tqt u? yt [T [l,tnl:a 0uru ri.]r? ta to l'll be in charge of the transportation. (fruovYufiogaulSoiirn[a$) Tq u #{ rn norn:J:sTr n fi :J:r'[nu o ri o urarir d'ir "you and Kanda can take care,u of that." ([r'on-u n1t*qr o un 6a.] 41fl 't:rrns rndo.r d l w; dr ril unr:unq{ fi .i nr:,u ruri.rurirfiiu fiqroulunr:t:Jilnfinoi'r uri'ufirirqn'irto:srr:osdr u?iril#rfiosl: qi,,Ajju,y-&rMd tutil0qxlo'tuflvn1uqt'tttuqunt50.l0'114'trunvtcrSotgtil-[rlun'r o.luu:J:s'h^ifrqqt --.+3.q q a, , u a 6t a &Xu n?:ilu't t0 [un1Tu6f o.]ntrilfl?ur?tJTU Nor0:i lunr:totunr.:eti.:uoi? unlT[fluo u v o j i q.t q ? o ltn TU r,t 9t T o u tT 0.] Tn m 0 s t5 tun 1 T t 9t l+yt't.l,u '[n rfr u il 6{ o %t#intr+a x1 aJ i
  • 25. 7 rilnu Rlprfionnlr 107 atr#n?rrnr:-tn rfrsa.r __ttrtr- Certainly not. ( tilasjr0uuuau) lrle t e qgrqr'lgiiloriounfirfi'jr "t hope it doesn't rain." ldurai'.r'jrduo;triornuv;q.u ^ Y v a n.:1:Jilnfintun{rfint'lrjsunuilnrnrJuqn:J:sty{6.:flr:ilil31[1+ttn?n']Tt9tl*Yt',t.ttLJURUntunT.lUt q u ao r n r :n d'o u g'nl fl T1 en'i r d uo sl ri q n a d r r uilu o utufufi lnn n rr r o snlrj il n fi n vud nuiln{floutflTo aa%f4{ 2= Tor:oairo'leslnrnf es ilatzs ae$r,t%) 9v 20, aau?ra 2 21 .aouila+ lr,/ 22. aou?ra is used to speakins ({nrnulrerufiufiort'to; or nr 6 ri o un rir dfi :r:1'jr u o u or d'u o dtu:J :s rm e'[n r ril u rr nr z fl u#r (Having lived in Thailand for seven years) riurrso.rtri'tfiu'jrrrounr:ov{urnt/rswfiuq (be used to) n-u nr :4 q nr urlm u n-u rd o utmlvr u'[oiu#r ot-r 16 o nrio dd t q n oio riu(u lree nflq a1il tFrTJ flT',l.lolunl{q Subject + Verb to be + used to + Ving Anne is used to speaking ... Excessive consumption (nr:u?Tn eramn tfi u; u X T e r T r e At v o rio fin o aou Isr:.: nfr.: il:t I u nrir u 6J tn u a'l il 14 nh fr ir H fir rirur ru (Noun ) nt n fi rirr ur s rir .1 riuo r d'or ril urir or rufin ri lnolective; reil a dr el-r rd a nrio d'n n d'0.: A-lvet n fl91 9l.l [tfl91.] 01 eJ [nT{ flT'|.: 01iln1{q Excessive (adj.) + consumption (n) '[n rfi Er sr 6{ a r,tt#in'[ua ?1 E r i
  • 26. lang R'lr*'lfionqt* 108 etr rfin ?sr nr :'[ a rfi s e,r gyt9tlr 23. stoudo g has been rising (rfia.rgofir,ur3os .l)(u :J:rTtcrdd'a.:'[d Present Perfect Tense (Subject + has/have a Vo) rfia.:otn uiJ u rn q n r :nifi i* ru r fi o dutuo d q 6 o r fi o oo fl ri o u rn s Er-.r er.r d r rfi usi o rfi a rq 6ouilroufir:Jooriu rfiotv{:J:vTErnftnrrililruru'ir "oornRfiradutorlnn'loi'rfiruqq.u godu r{r u 1 ortt uoi r fi o so fl ri o uo ufi r :1o 1 u-ufi o nrn n fi ra6 ur o.:I n n fi rT.: n r rfi ru *r 4|ii?i1tiQ.1$" (The average temperature of the earth has been rising over the last 30 years, ...) at 24.naU?/a2 had been riod'vrqaou'[rgrn:n[60.] "lf-clause" rruufi6rn'i1 "past unreal" d.:ld'rrsqt nr:nruru61uR',:fi qr:.rn-urirrun-uermruo3ttuodqfi ::Juuuo-.:unqreirudr.l,u lf + past perfect tense, Subject + could/would + have + Vs The observers ... could have seen if the sky had been clear last night. I 25. srouflo 3 must have said In:.:airt Subject + must have + v, t#lunr:uflq{n?1ilur.ito'jrrraqnr:nirfu ^ A r e6l a rfi orfi uur.[ 1 rrd'r'lua 6 o (Past Affirmative Su pposition ) A- tfron-rtnoorR "because he looked so worried" ([1]:'lsltroyirmtliqrnritrn il.lnl) trsq.t'jr carol osoiooilerosnl:urrarir.:'[:lrr#r firtrrunrirtri'nnrlura.r[r'o '[rj nu'r uto o urrnor yir n1.:i q n n-{r n il'r R G] o o n ilrtv{rfi u t ln ufi u aJ 6[ a u'L#inlun tr a,r i
  • 27. 7 tanu R1l*'lof nql* 109 atr#nirrnr:'[n rfreril 9v 26. grou?ro 1 9L/ 27. aouu a 2 28. ma uila Z 9v 29. aau?ro 1 earlier than (riaun#rn'ir; - X., l,l 6'A ,a a riofi uiJunr:moaou'[r urn:ni6ornr:uJiuu tfi uu lcomparison) ornToyr ri u d Ul e' a ra a , d' ca ^ i fl'ttJ1Tnfl{tnntil1*to?'tilnlT[uTUUtYtuuTsl4']']{flo.J00t?nl uunn0 t?n1aT.:ytq "'j i q a' a @ ruuuri riru 6 r uulu:rr 6,500 iJri o uerinq stn:rt (around 6,500 a.c. ; rYr rr nr fiq d r l4v, u X ta a A rn u fi nr::J:s ilr il'liri ouu firfi (previously estimated) unq{'jrnr:til3 ur tfi uuff d'ortdluriodoi'o.:rilunT :r:Jiuurfiuuriun'ir (comparative degree) d.:fig:Juuu 6o lRolective/Adverb + (-er)l + than tll:r;tilunr:r:J3uurfiuufitd:vn'j1{fl0{ j", fl.J1*1+t0.: ^d' to ask (nilon'lill) Ier:rsfrr "stop + to + Vr" tdrfiouonno:J:catd'rotnr:ilue'irriJunr:uuorir , A i u r o a , A t. d@ , i u s v d 0u'1.1fil.[.:nt0 t]Jyt10n0u''1.]141t.1 01n L0iluunil0.t[Ytu? to14uolJUTfllilon1iln']{ qir:ro (the tourist stopped to ask a policeman for direction) so does lrzir.trduefrufru; ornrilir "and" rl1ul4rirrio.:'ir.:d.:rilusl-rrirHuq'irlionrrrlqirurarirunsd'ruufr'.: "and" osoio.rsrd'ounrrun-uniofiIn:rnfr.:rrafiouriu tuufiosi'runril "and" rilu :l:sTunuonreir sTruiln-.1 "and" 6.roio.rriluuonraird'rurdun-u nr:ld "so" 6.1 v qyA a v v t e ' jq n n qTo.: rrry:rs"ld'rfi o ft nrrn n o u nl ilnu fl?t+r4u'r fl?un4 n i{ nn n'ortd "does" fiEq -. --- -a- - '-'*^"^^tha1jtu;:J present simpte Tense oi'.1tiurdotr{nfrolnrntT,l:.ltRTU.lttyl9t.]1,[fi,_ _ qr _.,cr_ ___ __,_ Ier :l nir'r cir un #r nr:tfn3 urd? u "does" 6.r n n oia.: ct on tuiid'd',tlililyr "on"'[oYpnrirant'.8'qiri'uriru'ril "impact" (r{nn:sytu) fio1|rirunririt,u,u''il riovjrr sotrirdqiottd'niriursruo nlrisrrur:nr:lduu1:.lt*'rlruuum6u1 urvru'[oi' '[a rfr u il 6[ a lu'l#intr,ua ?1 EJ ;
  • 28. tanu R1l*'lo0nqu 110 eir#nirrnr:'[n rfisru 30. aou#a g 31. erouz?o 1 gz. aau#o 1 -i It s - involving (lfi sJ?gar nu) n X u <i A ca i 'i te {0tlytglflou hu1n:nitr0it Present Participle s{n0aFr1niu'tyi[:J6iul*T:Jfl?untr ^ i " uA o q A: rfir -ing rfiori'rrarirfrtururiruril"lufrfiriljr "involving" drn-.:rirn#rfiturr rirurru "idioms" liiruruy fiorjoYrurarir un;rfiou:Jnriruii'os'lqinmrunruru'jr "iirurutunrur6'tnquilrnilrufitfisa#oofi'u#ot{" lseveral Engtish idioms involving animals) Add itional ry ( Eio'hJ n'irrfu) ritj'r "Additionatty" forilurirrfirufild,duudoo':rrufifirdorarerd'ouqriln-u rfio - & t e i ' ..u au 1O ey , i fl.1[natuol4'1fl?1.[14u']T0.1?'1.]YtTsu?1 "un?0il [9r€rlav{il?'rn']TtTtilt?n1n1T0u rrfl.rfitsirrilu 2 tvit" (Researchers discovered that doubling the amount of time for baking pizzabase...) eitrun6orjrr'l:rir.rqiaqrnl]'l un;tdonrciruranlq A- .v au r a Aa 6t e ool rio.:'irrfrrJ.:o.::sunr:yilnlTmona{rar "unTounriru16rufr6nurnr:[d'orxnnfifiqqqgt ,v6l ugnqll.tnulunt:ou" (the team experimented with different cooking temperatures. Their results showed a higher heat also made lhe pizza heatth ier to eat. ) un s ru n fi'n ffi 'lsi'fi ril e.r n d qi o qr nr vl rriuri'u riufi unq.:'jr rda fi rq ,JaqeuuavXavA fl 0.1 fl ? ul+il [0 Ft ? 1 il n d 0 u 9r'1 il n u a? tn 0 nlj 0 u0 { n n qt 0 { yt fl 9t rrUd However (uao u'lo tTfl 0t1il) rir16oru "Howeve/' (usiorir.r'l:fiqril) tdrfrarrioqrtrrufifirdorarq:.]riurirruriu A , e t ' itn y t a ..e a u 3q ,i , 01n?o1rtu']fl?u14u'Ifl0.{10{?'].lyttqnnl?n{ "1J0ctr0.ln'l:FntT.tul.i[uu.:rtriru eittaSrunr:trrfiryqir'l:Jri'rTnn" (This new research may hetp pizza sales around the world.) rusird'on'rsirunf.:do.:'jr.:nfi'uryofi.r "rirrdouro{{rfiurmqlruruo sA$vaqeuutea d'ruornr:ff'ld't6outt{'vtrurlh$nst{n'tf6n'jr" (some diet experts warned that it is still better to eat fruit and vegetables.; uno.r'lrrioer':rrusoreirudfilar.'.tu ueuvauXauA lJ O ttU.lRl.{ O? tn AnlJ 0UO{nnq A.lYt flO '[n rfi EJ il 6{ o %'[#in'Lr,ra ?1 il i
  • 29. 7 r{taEJ R1r*lAfnql* 111 air#nirrn'r:ln rfrsJil 33. erou#o 1 34. ef o uila + 35. ao uila z tt/ if (n1) rirrdoru "if' ost#[unr:uaq.]rtoul:r orn:J:slrodrdri*r.r'[qineirtir ,,fir,]i1fi rirunr:ouuru.1 oroorai'w.rniruoioqtR'r1r #r{rrrur6onrq'dorT:urarirfirysilfdq -.u 'lil6sioatn1w" (pizza that is baked longer may not be so healthy if people choose unheatthy toppings.) dlrflunr:uaqrr$ou'[r'jrri'rrfionri.ruuuddrfi6a a d T e o '_ !q 'a , Ju,a, ,el,t, a d tn0ntflT0.: tTU141.[''l1lS6tr1Yl [3..191 01003fl.]t{nyt h.tdgtaarRlyittytlt ttgitif -[rit6onfr l,l"e|L 0s [tJ 6t.i il nfl u 0 CI flfl R'tTtl{u[0.]q although 1fiou#'h ...usi ...) rir 16 o ru "atthou g h" rfl urir rfi o ru fildr{i o ru"rio r t''r r, fi fi rdr ilrriq u #.r n-u ur n #r rn Er Xeurri'..%ara, 0''tRtuafilgt'tunn.tr0.J?1.n1:gu?'l "ttlj.lyt{fi't0r0oyogiaatnl?,1" (the pizza base might be good for you) ri'ueirufrorisi'runn-rroto.lfiru'tuoflRrnd:su.jr ,,fi nrufinrrruriluhjtdtunr:rfionrGru6nrfirururndu" (peopte might be,,more likely to choose extra cheese."; dthi6qiomnrlnr 6rarlr:ns::J'[oi'.jrrdour --'.-- {<l v v v u a u Xa y A lJ 0 { fl 0.t fl? ul.t&t €t ?'t u?J qt tt u.t n il a ? t n 0 R u o t lii.l n n c{ 0.: yt no Nevertheless (uoi o dro"l:fr orrruy r{r16oru "Neverthetess" firilurirrdorufilflunr:rfiarudoqrrrilfin-eruri.iri'% ilrn e____._ X_ __' i_tp-_.__-1,__t- , 4.t j e _. , a&?,t01Til1t1.[014''1fl?1+vt0u9t'11*14u1tr0.:?,l.:"1i.]9iotilo.:rurornrio 34 o3y{u,j.tiiufrour fd'lri6rionlRl?,r11rrrs "dmrufiorrrrurilu'[:J'[oi'[unr:rfianrfiru6arfiruru.rndu,,qE (people might be "more likely to choose extra cheese.") rrdutn#ttnnd'tunn'.1 _r___,. ia t_,,-__9,... X, 4-_4-- q . v j -T 0.1 ?'l { il il n'l r:r u ?'t "n 1 Tn uil u uur 0 v 9t 145 o n n [0 iir n fu er ufr r a u n r ufr rycirq{ *ulufl.luur" (his findings were good for people who like deep-pan pizzas) d' a ' q -,.--.-V-!u--.. v e u a X i- v uunuflo{?'l t0Ft?'uJolnaorarunlc[ruilurun;etrunnlriat'ir.:il rfroutfrrlouri.: riu -[a rfr EJ il 6il a %'[#in'[r,rrr ?1 E r i
  • 30. lilng n1u1d'onotr ttz eirrlnirrnr:'[a rfisril lv 36. aou?ra 1 g7. ao uila + 38. aou#o g A number of (mnmu) "A number of' riluriru o n:J3rur nrfi oi'o.r q1 il d'r u rirur ruriuld'ruano frer o usiql rirurruoiruran'rrirl dornlonri 6o riljr "witdtife" 1#or{y d.:rilurirurruriulilloi' d Ul r q e tv o a " ant. o.t til fl't tj't:n tTfl nu n1u 0nilTil1 iln1il tgr { urfi'[zr'[#gna?:rflu is producing A lot of mta Lots of nr n fi or :rur or n :J:s m ur o r rir ni ur qr il el-r 16 o nrio fl'o sn u'ir :J :s rr u fi o rili r "the next episode of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince" lorou'lnilto.:ur A i A <aA , i 6 y a A dt l*U',tUt:0{t[aT y{09t[98: ilToaou?'l uaT v{0atq0;ttn3t0']s']utnaoHflil) u.:tlju :J:yrrufi'lriarrur:ntirnSrt "produce" 1ru6orleirrl'[si'oi'ruqr-':ra.: niursird6.r to be .' Vs) ,dtu*tonl:0nn:sfir.u.u..u A o Ala - { fi T0 [1{vt1{ n 0 nnfl:1.]1a1.[t0.1{ ruri'lsl#gnor?:rflu amazi n g (rdr rJ :su a'r o'[o ) rufi'ts'l#nna?:rflu is being produced or nTon do sn udr:J:rmufi rrvio?.:r a.: :J:sTun 6 o riljr "The tour group" (n si ru rinvia.rrfirr; o-.rriurillr "amaze" lrirtri'rJ:rnnroto; d.:rGrurilurirniurrae.l ea ,q iJ- . u A o, j . y A nrrruffin uqi'tufifid'owirnrirfr riJueirrlrI (Adjective) rff oyrrratirfrruru.u rj:rmufirililuflnn 6.r'[rimrrur:nn.:::J16ru'li'loiosqi'orr:Jduul:Jorilu:rl pastqqtgllu Participle (v.) uiiotri'fiermrunrurufrnri'r'jr "t6n..." nrnrGru -ing ornnruuilu Present Participle (Ving) fi finrrrunrurudrn#rdr'ri'r...' amazed '[a ufi EJ il 6{ a t,ut#in'[ua ?'l r,r i
  • 31. lanEJ R'11*1Ofnq]t 113 eir#nirrnr:'tn rfrsn 39. aoudo 1 to use fld') rufi'[z'[#nna?:tflu(u 40. aour?o g declining (nonoet/nad{) ru ri'lzr'Lrl'n n n ? : rfl r,t(u It'/ 41 .aou?ta2 foryear ru ri'[ z'h{n n a ? : r iJ r,r(u 9'/ 42. aauu a 4 late two hours ornrirniulil "avoid" rrafinrfiu.rt fiorisirurarird.:uiluer-ru-.rn-u'[d'rirnSrr6nrirfiru ve$'aoioMr qr ilil n''{ ilr qio.r o d"[u;:J fi 6un'jr Gerund raion?urfi rG ru -ing rnru o'[ri rr rur:n,u ru odtuf:J ro infinitive (to + V,) snnu:..r:.rqr-?rdanriodtsi(u.u usrng nrn#.:rnnrirfio{d'ruvnird.rfido rit'lt "predict" lriruru; d.:rilueirnSurfisio.:(U qrild'ru To infinitive (to a Vr) rflila kjnrrur:nqnruoi'rurirnirrfiodtuf:Jiu .ll Gerund (Ving) lei' to decline rirurru "yeat'' rilurirurruriu'lei dlsi'ornlT Article "a" illRfililriluuonnorf rrns,u A t dt €e a Vl u A I iltnilT:lHJu1^t141r,t0t[El0:lqtil -s lflil0 !ilRTJ1:n0uqt1il6i'11{{a'lilttuunrtnonria.uqtlll Jln o 14 to for years riljr "two hours" 1eo.:frlrut; rilu'irurur?n1/:surr?nr d.:oi'ort"i'qin-urirurruvr "for" ( ril utr n1 ) rfl il o'[ri sr rur:n'[6'qr il i{r ?itlei' uufi'lzt'L#nnn?rrilu late for two hours rata two hours late ln ufi sr N 6r o r,tt#in'[ua ?1 Er i
  • 32. laaEJ R1g'rfionql* tt4 eir rin irr nr :-[ n u8 er a,r 43. aaur?o g 44. aa uila + 4G. ao uila + uri'[s'[#Ana?:rflu do they the most advanced quite differently most advanced nrn#lrnooYrun#rqrilTonriocrfiurilil "one of' ori dtrijuriruon:Jtrurrudd'0.: l"frlu:rJuuu "one of the + rirurruriutoinranori" 1rad.rturanrr:I) rarua 45. 9v aou?Jo 1 urrils'L#nno?:uflu ioq.;d:r/ ef o%?1 3: a1flilfi (15 zsall' aeul,[?[) :J:sIueriililhi:J:sTunrirnril q-rlfunr:6u{rirer-urirto.::J:sTrnsioradlu::Juuu ru ,u "Su bject + Verb" raru a hi ar rur:n nn u rir rrra r.ir'[oi ruri'tzrtri'gnnr:rflu they do q u ite d ifferent 1ei or,rr?ro uot n oirt ; rit'j'l "different" luornoir.r; uiluri'rerrufiirvi (Aolective) d.tfinrirfisururirurn .-r^^4-. .. -[?t'tul+ rrdsfl?utj'lR0u?'t{ [?o'tut4u1n1u1tJy]ilttflutu ttst$.J0fior:rurornairu gTddyo.u- nfrornLoyrdosrriu'iroir,1 rrii'r ritir "different" rirn-rrirnfirfitururirniur r T a o , i 6l yo " & v dt 1J0.11JT'tUn nA fi1?1 "react" (qauflilot) fr'.:nrnorlfrirruru rir j fuor'0.:tilu ri r? rsr :*n[ (Adve rb ) rvitfud t o g fl1 il1 rn I u't l rir ni ur'lei stimulate (n;vq'ntl f a-/ Lo u m-.: rn aol n Fi'r'ir "Caffeine" ( fl't rnn lr'rl 6 u) fi o qr H rir ti o.:'ir.: LLn y rilj'r'ql "heartbeat" 1nr:roiuro.:n-rlo; d'runn-rrio.l'jr.: dtrdo16ruqr-rrfionriadn.:l:Joy rirtv{vrsrrJ:slunfiorrrruraruryir "nr:errry,l6u'lurnio.:6r,d,Jr.rsrlouannoaod' nr lr:n n :g {u fin:r nr : rd'ur a.l n-rloluur.: n uloY" (caffei ne in soft dri n ks can stimulate heartbeat in some people.) '[a rfr E il 6[0 r+'L#in'[un ?1 er i
  • 33. r{rnu Rltnfionnt* 1ls dtlnirrnT :-[arfiga.r 47. srou#o s 9L/ 48. grou?ro 49. aouila z i nteraction 1nr:rJfi #tr rfi'r.lf) Io u#t tnqornriljr "with their families and friends" lriun:ounir uns rfi our or rtr 1 d.: ril uu n n d fura rur u fi .:'ir :J:srr ur a.: :J:sI u n dr fi 6 o fuiu'lvr r (Thai'q teenagers) sio.:fi'rn3lr osl:#n o dr.:fi'un:ounir uos rfi our o.: rr.rrio I n.: uAuXavAic- n?rdonr0rio.JnRao{?rflo r?*toliln?lil14ru'tlri'.:nilqro.lrJ:tTunrr:Jn'[oi'.j.r "r-udu.llqq '[vrufinr:rJfi#r.rfir,lfii':rsr:aunirunsrfiouro.rrrr#ounrrn:rstfrrnrei?uil1n nl:Jn-unr:tdutnrufoaun[nr5" ltnai teenagers are having less interaction with their families and friends because they spend most of their time playing online games.) competent (trio) fuyuj't [oufl{rnqalnq']l.[iln{50.]?'t{ytTru?1 "in their English language ability" (e?'rilmil1:noi'runr:*ro-.:nq:*) d.:rfiu':rio.rn-un?1ilfl.rrur:nntonrrrudruril y^.4^^,v-3e -- d- 4 e v i r q ,-- a? tn 0 n?J au0.l t14 il136rilm fla til:'ts [n u?lj0.: RU n?1il fl,]ur:n yttrio lunt: Lf o6le 9,, r f a , v a a n1u't0.tnq19 n'] liln?'ltJ14il'tuyt.:fiilqfl0.]ilTr IlniJnrrrunruruir ,,untSuuudon 6ruimnrur6'.:nquriluirrronrn:'rvy{?Rrr.rourno;Eiglusirunr:*ro-.:nq:*" (Students choose English as their major because they want to be competent in their English language ability.) sign ificantty ( riluo riro an n) n?lr.n4ru'rurlo.::J:slunneirrfir "nr:rfiruduoror.'u'arian-ur6'aryrfi.:,,(The cost of gasotine has increased) firfirduornr6rufiilnl 2.80 rniur-unraio'[:Jrflu . a a, i A dt ji &: : 5. 75 [14 T U r^U fl 14 T0 qt 0 n fl t I n n n o u fr .: rIJ u n r : rfr I fr a.l fr u rll 1[ a ei r o sJ r nqa uaXauA Fr?'tufi il't ufl a{q? [n 0Rila{nna a.]yt flo '[a rfr sJ EJ 6{ a %'[#in'[ua ?1 ar i
  • 34. laau R1u16'onnu Lt6 eir rln irr nr :-[n rfi EJ E r 9'/ 50. aou?Jo 3 9'/ 51 . aou?ra 4 52. aou#o g ly 53. aou?ro 1 emitted (rJiias) A e v t , ia q e fror:rurorncr'ruHfrta.:ria.:'ir'rfifinrrld'rilir "toxic fumes" 1nfufi:*) unrorn Eitunn-lso.triot'jrrfifinr:ldrilj'r "from motor vehicles" 1orn:nuu6'; d.:rilu ,i.,eavayXayoqv ufi a.t il il a a g n? ul^l]*O 0 n il1 q ? t n 0 n1 0 u0.] n n a 0 { til:'t r0 cYt1 lfi Ft ? 1 u 14 il't EJ?J a { ,f'Xa,-oA :J:r I u er eir ufl fi errr run rur u'ir "nfufi ufi q nrj ai o rJorn:n ruqi'" (toxic fumes emitted from motor vehicles) industry (qo6nfin::s,r) Iqu#rrnqornnr:td'rilit "tourism" (nr:vio.:tfirrt fiariqirurarirrio.:'iro don.,rq ' A u dt , A A "ly'- - a u X o o v il0{tmu?09tt:.Ju09tfl't14nTTililTstRyt14u.t tlnrtil0[Tnnuq?tn0nljouosyt']t14q.u ,sXo rJ :v I u n fl fi n ? 1 il 14 ru'r u'i 1 "o sr d1 il n :: il R'r :vi o r rfi u r dr fio qi o r s::*ofi or o rq4 :J:ytyrflfidrn-wnrTouur:rut4torjtrrnenlnu" lThe tourism industrv is very important to the economy of many developing countries including Thailand.) d.a confidential (lil1,[a?1e,tnU) 5'@ra [quffttnnorneiruun-.:tarrio.:'jr'r riljr "until it is officially announced" (oun'j't osfinr::l:snlrroonilrorjrrriluyn.rnr:) ruao.:'l'rrioqnriourarirdoio.:nnrfi::riJuql .u nrrrun'ul{riau #T rurulnrirn:ruoonul:Jlri'{dun:lu umrdo,6ilel-rrfiondadnrl:l oqY r f A t @a 5l 0v?1'ttiln?'ltJt4il'tulj0.tUT;LuFtiln?1il14a.J1u?'t "n1Tgtqflu[0Ta:FtilsnrrilR'l:0s r-r n r fi u rfl u pr r r ar fi'u o un'j r o r fi n r :il :; n r s o o n il 1 o rir r u il uyrr.r R'r r" (The committee's decision will be kept confidential until it is officially announced.) Ur expelled (tnoon) r-u&eui, [qufl.]tngtil014'tci'tuiln{T0.:?'t.t?iTru't'l "after he had been caught cheating during the final exam" 1nn-.:ornfitlrqno-u'loi'jrmainnt:aou:JnrInrn; d.: ai.:r.rntri'rin6uu"t*d'on"[eiaonornT:rGuum:rynr:floiqnr:sorlci:Jn1uR'r€rq A r dt o a Au v d n 0 ?'t uJ iln't Tn :r m'l n ? 1 il 9.t o Yl T'l u ttT.J tJ'l n1 0 { iln tT u u ln rfr u Er 6{ o lt'L#in'[r+a ?1 ilr i
  • 35. 7 lanu R1]t'loitnqp tt7 ei'r rin ir1 n1 :'[a ufi t'r EJ 54. ao uila + 55. ao uila z 56. aouz7a S sustainable Toufior:nnornnr:td'riljr "devetopment" 1nr:rnTouur; fiorld'ruran-.:tiovjr.l d.: i " u a u 3 qe o q e HJoulFr?'rrJ14 rjl ur o.r o? tn anr oilrJr tTarmr LilFr?'r il14il'r uIo.r:J:sIun gru:n[.u aA A r Iv, T q jJa eva A a j un so?t fl I ry{ t[U n Lo?'r "nlTillu L uur u n1Til QN u't yi tjs ei%ilr lrf n m ond n rn tr Fr?'1rufi'tut*snr.:R.:ttrqd'at" go avoid an environmental disaster, a policy of sustainable development has been adopted.) symbol i^ rnrrsrrJ0y.ro'rrru'r01nn?tilnl.J''lrJTot6irufiasirarirtio.l'ir.:oyn:l'ir "nr:fieru,u qe AaAu , +r a Av i a lvu X il'r n il'r rJ [T?J 0.] n il uu 0 rrt,t nrr ril't n 0 uli 0 nr$ un stofl ?yr Evi0'Lufl " (Many people use brand-name products such as Gucci handbags and Nike a A qe a u d ' X,.*1 y u d , o 6 sportswear) n tv! 0 0 u''t n lfi r,t n o R ilfl [n nl il "ril ua{q a n unluu.: n rr ru sr riot o.: y{?n[?'r" (as symbol of their success) futfiotrurorn:rqrrfieiourir.:atrurnro.:(U ^eXu,RurYr ua ci'r fl nr n'[ri rJ:s sl er r r ru rir rSo lrai o fi rt us.rl n c] ) o.:tri nr rur :ntd'Ruri'r , Jvu tlTstR?11A [O reduce (nn) '[ n 18 u E r 6{ o r+'l#in'[uor m a.r i dAJ A (nuo u%) t#rUd-nr*n[) 4 a X A 'u e , u | , A rilafror:rurrfrorarfiodd'ruufirunsoi'runnrrio.:'jr.: fr.rneirrfi.: "#qryrru'lrnl j i ^ &q , ", " --t o:ro:frrfr.:osGnd'.i'Lnri" (the newty-instailed traffic light) n-:J "Rlrolto:fi6orje turi':tfirhttitiu" (the traffic jam during the rush hour) or#.:rnerfiu'jrrd'ailr , Xa q d@q 'j, u u ornno.:eituflilnrrrusltllurnuLutt.:mrr drururrxlrnlo:ro:orriruaqnr:o:ro:fr ^ -q vr ta vlea a u Xa u'u^q afl o tuT? [il.] tT.tTL [9t q? [n 0 nlJ 01*0.] n n ql 0.lyt ao
  • 36. taau R1r*16'onqtt 118 eir #n i rr n r :'[ n ufi r.r e.r 9v 57, aou?a 1 58. ao uila z 59. ao uila + local(#aofiu) f u 5le [q u frr rn oor n nr:"["f'rilj1 "residents" t {a { or n-u y oi'r ura fr'.l ri o.:.jr.: d.:tuii d ,,4yAv,6l-vd6l,"i6ta nrurufirpinufioret*'uod'[uo".:n{qrfrur'[rarj uufrueo.:irrarnfi "nr:rJfrri6orrru rir rru;rirlri':JiurJ1.:tud"ru'iruruungnr:u3nr:flo.rrr.JUnr:ruai.:errnsulu o-{fiiqu6u.ttnliu#r" (lmprovements should be made in the number and service of Chiang Mai mass transportation systems) oyrilrilunr:riru "erou fll{o{qionrrruoio.rnlTT o{nilturiao fir.runyr o.rrinvio.: rfi urluo-tilfer tGuttnrj" (to meet the needs of local residents and tourists; fiournorfi:rlu ,iaa,yL R'l TlJ l.tfl { il ? n tUYt q [tn s il 0 t1r,t u { n 0 n ? 1 il a 0.] n't Tull t 0.1 benefit tfiil:cTurf) rdo.:ornrfio16iler-r16onriodn.:'[:Ju#rovrirtri'rdonrro.r:J:sIrorTqu:ril fi nrrrururu'ir "rilufi16ori'u'j'rlunsriuftrJ:cTrJrfdosnrrsfi6nr.:nruurnsmr.:to ?J0{nu" (Yoga is believed to benefit the physical and mental well-beings of people.) malnutrition (n'l?enritlnrurnr:/n'l:?t1o 6{1;01t4.lt) AeyJo' ornrflonrd'runfirra.:rio.:'it.:fi:su'ir "'[u:J:srmsfiornr:fl-lerrrnnuflilvlo" (ln countries where food is scarce) d.:rilufloo-ufici.rzunrirlri'rfiq "nrrcyril Tn r ur n r : 6'u r il ur]rp ra rtH qj iil * er ru r :n n 6 n rd u.:'[si", 1,n", n**onl inevitably a major probtem) et-r rd ondoddr rfi ilrrnilfi net '[a rfr sJ il 6[ a ll'[#in'[ua ?1 EJ ;
  • 37. 7 totag R1u'rd'onql* tt9 d'r rin irr nr :-[ a ufi er a,r 60. aoufra 1 comm itted 1ri a dwn :rrirdu) riljr "crime" (o'rrruln::ru; oirura#rriovjrrarrur:ntddn-urirniurnrruqr-rrfron riafr uiiotrdn?liluil'ruro.:rl:sTrnTor:rrufiormrunruru.ir "o,rrqlnrrufdriadr.r -- -g- &,-, € 6'6 l4 v e v 4 y , j A n:sY1'1fl1t?1'r{0l.ttst0:lugt toflT'].1€t?1eJn{?fl t14iln1u g :J:ttnetfrrururnflu" (Crime committed on the lnternet is a growing cause for concern in many countries.) a o%fd 4= Gt?'la.l rr?r'Lo r{i'o utao eo ilat4lo e ut't%) 61 . etou#o s Up to 300 hours 1urufi,r eoo d'eTl.ro; IovrrinrriTriolqrflu "standby time" (:su&rrnrrilqrndatro) orouur,rrdouo A .-- o Ulsr e 9 a 6leu rn5o.: iphone rirfloufir'[d'irururnn:.:n:oud'.ru"i'rufie"[d'rai:?io ,,power and battery" u::rfrofi z fi:l:;'lfodr..:fiqrou'jt "standby time: Up to 300 hours,,q - ^' i a &s (Trust?n1r:JqrnTo:To: u'liln{ 300 T? til.t) HSDPA/EDGE Iovrrinruj'rriotqrilu "cellular networks" ro.:rnta.: Blackberry rirooufifir'lei' ir u ilr n q:r n:a u oir utrr fi oloiu-rrio "ceil u rar and wireress" ur:yr-o d 2' E DG E and HSDPA networks" Disp|ay resolution 1nrIat a v 16 u oz oorariro o1 Tovr rinr yjr?uri'r no.: fi riu dfi r n **v (aspect) tqfi rfi fi o un-um n fi nq R1rfi .r q !--^-.-.^^-v-4--y -'t- l,t, ' A 4^,._--.- X & A n't a 0u1 0{1 0un.l 9t 0{Ft 0 u 1 [nnl fl? ur] rn ll 0unut o.: tfr onror nyn no.: n:ou fr.: rirorouoqltoiri'rrio "oisptay" urryr-ort:n "4g0 x 320 pixel resolution" d.ryru.jrfiru &a tu8fi'l9tT.tnu 62, aauila z 63. ao uila + ln ufr s EJ 6{ a ltt#in'Lr,ra ?1 il #
  • 38. t6bn U R1l*1Otnqt* 120 eir #n?fi 'l n1 r'tn rfi s a.r 9'/ 64. grou?ro 3 65. ao uila 2 9'/ 66. aou?t a 2 lacks flower plants that require insects to pollinate ("[ri fi firo o nfi or fis uru ao'lunr:ru ail rn 6[:) Tomrinruirorn6o.:arrur:nn:rj'lsiirmi:J Antarctica riluorir.rt: rirqouu']'[ei' ornu::vTofi 3-4 "They are found on every continent except Antarctica, in every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants." (#.:nnnu'[oi'[u4nvri:Junr{umi:J Antarctica f,.rnu'[si'[uvrnutviruulnnidfinn oonfiors-urrrun.:tunrre.r6frJtnflr) d.:drutd'srrur:o".rir*3,1'[si"jrvri:J Antarctica oi'or rijusnrudidl*nfirq onfi orFt-u ttrun.:tunr:ru flil tnflrtv,l:rrrilu d d,d irn' A tl t u.l Yt? il L9l u?Yt Ltj?'lu il.] uu pollen ([n6{T9lon [sJ) Toyrrinrujrriljr "tne latter" lorirrra#.r;luu::vr-e'fi o d'r.:fi.:riljrost: ritEtou 9 tV I o t flo.rougr"r%r4urFn?'r "latter" odr.:utiuou Ioln.:tnErornei':unfirta.::J:;Itnfi :;:q'h "Bees are adapted for feeding on nectar and pollen, the former primarily as an energy source, and the latter primarily for protein and other A a ' ..&vtu,- i i o 3 nutrients." firfierrrrurailru'ir'firtoi':Jiuqrrtfrofrovfrurirn?1u[[nsrnffiqonnlfi r il u or nr : o :.i r.: u:n r fi o r il u un ri.m n-r.rr u rr n v o d r r m n-o r fi o ril u ura ri.:I:J : 6 u u a y fl'rro'n4'rrrfiq6u" ri''rriuriljr "the latter" 6.ldrtfitrillt "potten" lrna:oonl#; dt"j,6l&-& rlry:rv rilurir ia n nn d'r? Luer:.: n nruur0.r They use proboscis to get food. (d{t# Proboscis leiruroorJrn uruatfi fir,loanil1dr,l;'lunr:rfiuo1il'r:) ornGatToyrrinrujrfr'n:*r'rrlo.:frrluriotqnnd'or rirqou:J:rngfiotuu::rtod z "Bees have a long proboscis (a complex "tongue") that enables them to obtain the nectar from flowers." dluiln'jr 'f,ofiui.uot.::Jrn 61u) fifiuoonrur A - , X"qu& * Y url u't? il1 n .r{ o'l u ? v fl ? 1{1+yt't [14 ru.] fl't &Jl Tn tn u u'l 14 ?'l uor n o o n tru tgi"' '[n rfr EJ aJ 6[ a lt'L#in'[r+a ?1 il ;
  • 39. 7 tiln8 R'lg'16'onnl* 12t eir rln irr nr :'[ a rfr s a,r 67. aou#o g 68. aau#a g Wasps (0'esio) or n 6 otlo n rin r ui r rioto'lritri e'Er :t r o fro nlr"r rir q o u r o.: rio dsi'o.: #r rn q o l n(u u::yt-od M-15 "Members of the family Halictidae, or sweat bee, are the most common type of bee in the Northern Hemisphere, though they are small and often mistaken for wasps or flies." d.:fisrrrruraruru'jr "#o'luttrn^ Hatictidae e 4 A. dt X A uv i q a d T e a & o 3- d fiT8il.ti 9tr{uJ1lil.tytlr,lu t9ll.J1nmflq [uu:trnrctn Inngtrutilila il.:rfrqfrghtfrn$ns.uq u 9q a a I 6t u ' a - a ilnOyOntfl'tt0ilqtFtfi?'tt:Juo?gt014T0uiln.l?u" uns1lnurTnqfr 16-17 ,,Bees are{ the favorite meal of Merops apiaster, the bbe-eater bird. other common predators are kingbirds, mockingbirds, bee wolves, and dragonflies." d.: u:Jn'j'r "f,.:riluornr:frI:J:q:J:1il1l0.t Merops apiaster raiounfiuf,.r eirurinair i,^ivr finuilautfio6u.1 '[d'uri 'Kingbirds' 'Mockingbirds' ,Bee wolves' unyuilR.]il0,, ----Y--.- --1- XA - rvt sr e r 'r4 r6t r s X 0'r nn { fl a{ fl? uua{ 6t'l tj'trn fllu tot ?'t q ? gl a lil tTfl qrlj 0.r li.: 0 rir r ttiluo uq q,l To maintain wild bee cotonies 1rfi oouaYnsrornmfrn:zooforlry Tovrrinrujrriolokitriqo:J:vnrri'rooo',trfi'uofro (beekeeping) rirqouro.r?iod' ti/.v v A fl'lulTnfl.ltnq lq0lnurrnofl 19-22 "Beekeeping is the maintenance of honeybee colonies, commonly in hives, by humans. A location where bees are kept is called an apiary. A beekeeper or apiarist keeps bees in order to collect honey and beeswax, for the purpose of pollinating crops, or to produce bees for sale to other beekeepers." d.,:finrrruraru1u'jr "nlTLduof,o 6t nr:grrninurolruro-nrro.rf,'rvlTufiatoi.:drTorufltfioruu:grT *o.ufifdf,onnrd'ur1{,u -' { .u - --.4 , r d e.-y.{-.-g_ &..&utyA yX ut & a Aq-&0r0ntrun?1T{'tru9,t.t ilrau.lr.t.t0steiu.:l.rt-tfm0torilril.:ttns'[rfrl H3otfia'[r,i'ff1ql 'u rir u ru sru rn am o r fi sfi :J o nl{ rai o rfi o ru 6 qr f,.:t{rir ra iu tr utriruri fi,fi'u o f,o r., u,u - --' 1t---- A 0u1" la ufi u il 6[ a %'[#inlua ?1 ilr i
  • 40. 122 ei'r #nirr n'r :'[a ufr eJ E rlanEJ R'lr*ldonqt* 69. aou#a 1 l''/ 70. aou?ta 2 9'/ 71. aou?ta 2 reach 1fi z r,tr orlTorlsifi o t Ioyrrinruir rilir "attain" urryl-od tg finmrunruruln#udrtrYurirto n1:n'r rir sr o ur ortiodoi'ot #r tn or uSu n:o u 1 niljr "attain" u#r qi o u "1 rr:J n :J:rTu nfi rirl da{ "The largest bee in the world is Megachite Pluto, a leafcutter bee whose females can attain a length of 39 mm (1.5")." dlurJn'jr "f,ofifirult iil qj d qqtuln n 6 a M eg achite ptuto rai o f,.r fi ull d.: f,t sTr rfi ut o.r fiufdar rur:n fi ?,uro urr'ld'fi r gg il il. (1 .s fi. f airunrr run rut ur ot qr-t t6 onriadu 1 ki rrir riu u?urr o.rrJ:vIusr To give factual information about bees A acte' ia. a A - & (lil a tilsailan luilo:0 [n EJxnu H0) Toyrrinruirrialqriluoo:J:sarri'roudrod rirqroulorriodsio.rorsunrurrirlo 6 0..:tun r n :r ru ri o u I o rlu ri o ra rir urnn r o d u r'[d'n eir r fi .: n ? 1 il fi n 1 n n nr ur o ir - <& &q I q ^ iaA , , v A fl'rulr,r1{5r.hrrrnsnlTv,tuil{ tllfl?1.[91.] I lJ0{ lan luuTt?tuYtu?500n 6[?l.[EJ014u1Yr z'td'n ri, r d r n-n :*ru;r oo f,o .', r.rn uo do f,ofd fi nul rtu ni fi no frsr:r a r f,r un s n.'r,fi'u0f,.: e'ifu6{fl'rillrnndrrtoi"jroq:J:vsrri'rrr,+rr*U,notririoqn A -&Ltnu?nuthllll{to.] Google is proposing policy on environmentally-friendly technology. (Goo g te dr a-o tau a uTEJ ur g fi tfi se rTu rn erTr.lTa fi fi rfl r,lfi n : oi a ds ue o #a ru 1 Toyrrinruir6rodrfrurn-uarl: d.rnr:nrrireouarrur:n#.:rnnnlsiornu::yr-od z- 3 "Google is now funding green technology and using its brand power to lobby for policy change." dlfrnmruraelru'jr "rrud Google loi'lviUusriuaUu r n nIuI n fi fi r il u fi o :n-u Rr ur o d'o r u n s'ldtdd o rfi u.: I a.: er u ^ ;n gTu'trf ,n, n., r rl 6 r u u:J n r oir uul u u r u " d.r a :.r n-u a-? rd o n ria dr r o 6 la rfr s sr 6{ a lt't#intun?1 il ;
  • 41. 7 123[6bnEJ Rlurfionn!* iirrinirT nr:-[n rfr s e,r 72. aou#o 1 ' l,'/ 73. grou?ro 1 lr,/ 74. aou?to 1 Cutting back on the consumption of coal and oil 1nr :a o nr:t#ri'rr+fi r+uu rti. rTt rd" ur fi o1 Io n r.inr ujreit'jt "Such movements" 1nr:rnd aulnr oYrudy luu::yr-qfi s dr.: 4 o ' rn o y Xy fi.rriljroy'[: rirnouso.rriafioioloqjriounriTr{r'j''l "Such movements" ntooqltu :J:rlunriounrirdrddir "Gooote "nas introouced a ptan to wean the unit"o States off the burning of coal and oil for power and to cut oil use for cars by 4oo/o." drrrrJn'jr "Googte lsirnuoul.runr:t#:J:rrvrssnioorruinlnont:r,.trln# ri r ufi u u n s rir riu rd'o r u R r rfi o ru fi sr'[r t fl r :r ru fi .: h o n r :tdrir n-u rdo rn fi r t o r d qeA e Tn uuqtn.l lfi n.]To ufl I 40" r O9r Expense (a1tro'lEJ) Toyrrinu'j'ros'l:riluriorfiu 1a disadvantage) roit "Such movements" huila lZ A o uy fr.:rirqounr'ld'01nil:cTunfirilir "Such movements" odfi:su.i1 "Such movements could cost trillions of dollars" d.lrrrjn'ir "nr:rndoulntoirudosrir q ed a A v e A o lrirRuriuru1nfi.:nnruf,ruf,rurrairrynnig" d'urfiurrio.rn-u:rr.rdru/rirtfii.rulu 4 U 6tt A &- a u&a y A n'r r I n n 0 il tfi ? T tur.: n [ut: 0.i u a ? [n 0 nr 0 Uqi { n n c{ 0 t fi afi gradually decrease leiou 1 aoa$/nodofiavriaul Tovrrinruirr{1'ir "wean off'tilurryr-orfi + finrrrurnrurr'[nii'rdu.:n-urirto riroou lJ o {rio ii'n..l il't:n fi'.r tn ntd'or n ilTvT u fl fi ri'r 1 fi r d iiTyq'il "Google/qt- has introduced a plan to wean the United States off the burning of coal and oil for power and to cut oil use for cars by 40o/o." d.:u:Jn'j'r "Google loi'reuo up.runr:tvi:J:rtnanuigotruSnraonr:rHrlnririrufiuunsrirn-urdorn6.:rfiorufiqr b^t rlr :r il fi { n q nr :tfiir ru-u rdo rn fi t r a r:n r ud'n.rtd'leifo u n s 40" ln ufi s il fl a ltt#intr,rrr ?'l ru i
  • 42. r$nEJ R1r*1Of nqt* 124 drrinirrnr:-ta ufrse.r 9v 75, aou?ro 3 76. mau#o g Developing technologies that use alternative energy sources 1frm ur rn erTuTa fi iit#uu d o n a-o or rtil o uyr n) To n rinr ujr Googte.org n n ri o srtrdurur rd o o ;1: rir q a ur o rrio d#r rn n'loYor n -A U:TYloyl 6-3 "Through its charitable arm, Google.org, the company is supporting plans for designing wind, solar and geothermal technologies, which it hopes will eventually be cheaper than coal." d.:*tJn'j1 "Ieuor#uriufd lsi'ornn,r:u3orn Google.org '[d1d'nr:nriuauuur{un1:nlTooRrluur?rnluTnd qv961 gaAu,6t lun1TflT"ritlttd{{'11{01nttT{nil uflittt9r9r unrn?1iltTouta?IRl^t {.tutt*ytfi?.]?'][u fisqrfrriln.irrufi'lqi'ornuraei.:uacirdosfi:rnrnnn'irnn-.:nufild'ornrirufiu" ot u a u xa u A 'u n1 a aul 0{q? rn 0R1 0u0{nR q o{?1 fl9t It can decrease the amount of electricity used as power source. ln o rufi r tor oftr,lour er sroctftr'lf, r rfl r.lurneion dlootflurlie,nnrfi rio a no; T 6' I a 6q A I a a rl,l 6l , 6lq [0munlil?'t9t0ily{?rq0Tt1*01.[1nq0ril]JTyflmfnrrryeltnuri[nulutt.iro.:nt:lri iln-{{'tu eirnouro.lriod#.:rnqloi'orn:i::yr-qd 9-11 "New efficiency standards for computers could cut power consumption by the equivalent of 10 to 20 coal-fired plants by 2010, Google said." d.:u:Jn'h "Google'[gincirljrnrutufl a.?1. 20 1o rur or:gr utra rjtud'r u:J :r Rnfi nr nr o.: et o ru fi r r q o {tfuo, ilr fi r 1 o fi fl 'uJ l r n n o n r :t dn n-t .r r ul qi'[ u :J3 ru r nr ru r n r fi u u r vi r i{u n u-o o -', u d'l ui'.. n T:r.:r uru6 sr'[r l fl r or n rir ufi u:r ru n-u t o-zo uvi r rn I fi rd u l " ln ufr s il 6il a ?b'L#in'[ua ?1 Er #
  • 43. t6bdg R1l*'loonqp t25 airrinirrnr:lnrfise,r 77. aaufro g t,/ 78. aou?ra 4 The animated movie "Kung Fu Panda" was a controversial issue in Ghina. 1 n r n u u o {n r ig r,r rt o o rio { u n u oir n a r s rfl r,l il : s r 6r.1fi r il u fi n n r fi s o n'rr m n turJ:rrna6u; I d ' i XA v u o [omdnruir6o.rfirfiurriuoc'[: ers.lr:n#rrnsr+irsrau'loiorn:l:sIunu:nnqro.] j e' rl fialfidrosnouon'lgi "Despite calls to bovcott "Kung Fu Panda," the animated movie about a bear named Po with a passion for martial arts, is a huge hit in china." dr u:J n'jr "6r uf'jrosfi nr:fitnfo.rlriqlurertdaeiru q E I - t y u ct l-A-A s ae A AaA Rlyiuila:nlTailt:o{n.iT,l trlr{l.[ot''r aurill{R'ty{uuqTmlnu?nufirj9t?141.[.:?1nT0irru qr TrJ dr in fi n rJ sn1:ei a #til uo dr r rur n uqi n r n u uEr {6 o r dri.: n r rfl ud fi s ru ril ufuql- m nlu:J :s rn fl 6 r*" o c rfi u'[d"ir :J :rI u n d:J :cn a ulil sir u rdo nr so r r{r udrie urir v t d 4 ya ,i e'A N q a d nilou rT{T1ru'tit9tiln0u1nlililn1:n?1u'tslTR']1,{uilqTt:0itl.[ tultusylu'].:nun.u A eA X { e ' tA X, A 6, v T1{T 0 U R',] l t U UA : t: 0 { Uil',] n UUn U fl 9t.1 ?','l R',t T.t U il 9t : tT 0 { ul*'t yt 0 3 til ua ? 0 0 Tu? u tv{rfi q nr:nn rfi u.ri'ulu:J:rryr n6uriJua rirr rurn the movie caused a conflict with China's commercial interests and its nationalsymbol 1n r n u u or {i* " o d,fl t ar ru q ri rlfrr fi q n e r il rTo u fls :c il'i r o n m er auto oYr r.rt 9q A u v v Ct o a nr:r{'r1r.t6ilnlud'il6Un"ntrnhJ:s'irs'r6Iao6n; Iovrrinrl'i.o'.t,nq"d.rfifinr:6unfo.rh{nirJ'rarR'r1,{ uusr{nrfqru#arn-rilq -qi'-----..- ri .......y.A vq o --.- y 4o y X a r v A ttvtllo'lna10[o n1a0ulJa:101.[04.:fl{tnq01nril0141[uu014il'lurnt0.:t5otorn -)U::YtoYt 2-5 "The film, from DreamWorks Animation and Paramount pictures, has already grossed more than $12 million after less than two weeks in release, making the opening of the film one of the strongest in China in recent years." dru:Jn'jr "R'r?uun{r{a.:ddrnirrlouu3:iyroiruri{nunsl,rr:r d a d o a ll I t .- v A a s U r Ht't?l il{nt0aT ff"1lt'1:nillt.lu[qil']nn11' 12 n1utl4:utuflfi:6 iln{Qln00nil1u'[:J lu rr n rhi fi .: n o r #rJ e r f ri rlvin r : ril o sTr n r yr u u n i# o r dr fl ura drtun r : ril o qTr n1y{ uue{diouu:rrurnturj:srns6uturir.rlilfifl fi rirurur' :J:yIundrfl unlr}r e.u ln rfr s il 6{ a ttt#in'lr,ra ?'l ru i
  • 44. 126 tang R1r*16'onop eirrin?rT nr:'tarfrsil lv 79. gtou?lo 1 fl.:nr:frnriluuerieirr:J:vrnsrririlraruluil:srvrer6ud.rriur[lunr:ri'r:JrcrRyr A-A fiii{ unvalnu::Yton 9-11 "Another group, backed by the Chinese artist Zhao Bandi, who uses pandas as an inspiration for this work, also called for a boycott, saying the animated film was exploiting a national symbol." dtrr:Jn'jr " fit fi n u6 n n ci r n dr dr'lqTiu nlrn ilun n-{ or n fi nil um 16 ud a Zhao Band i d.: ril uqq oiq.vctu6l .leddl,lol il yr [T trl t uo'] til 1[ t[T{ u uo1 a t0 [un1TflT'r.] fl TTFI il fl .t't lt n [o 0 a n il1 n i1 u1 a :.u eA ool ci &" u6tet i n r n u uEr i 13 o.r fi [q u n nr r rr n1 v{ u uq r t: o.i unl n { ITU Ts I u trflr or rrjt u u v v 6 t o a a -- X 3a rll yr 4 a 6 flililnnuil:JTr{'rT19r10.101.1" 01ntilofi'lunn{v{40sfl:tj to?'tliln?1ri9lor141{svq , ! dA v t e r T d q v v A I0.1nunnililR'tTt u1*9t:[T0 {n{il u?uo1n1fl.]14'ttJTr tuT1t01nn1T t5ttilt1.[9t't9r.t9'U dt v v d r o ^ d I o 6t v eA X r:Ju6[tuilnn:9il].JT30'rT1010itou tounl;ultJl[U1.[9r?t0nll0.]R't?ul{slitTo{Ugq ta ki n g advantage of ( r ar rrlS u u/t#il :eTslrr{or n ; Ioyrrinruir riljr "exploiting" fiorrrunrurltnd'r6tln-uriljroyl: 103.1 1 udr "uX"uXe-oori r nr r rio fl rlr o ; n r r ri o ura rir fi - {ran u ; nr ril1 ri 1 a o u t a r rio fr sio { fi 01 r ill r r i" X lJTslunnfi'l.] iloql "also called for a boycott, saying the animated film was '1t exploiting a national symbol." nlnoot#rrnqrfiu'irfilir "exploiting" ocltu :J:slunrdurniuri'uriljl "boycott" 1n'irurot:loiooiru; d.:finmruraruruturfitnu ttaq$'jrril'jl "exploiting" fi?Tesoi'o.]fin?1rinIrututfi.:nuqi':u qt-r16ond6.l i'ida' r14 il',] s fl ilyt fl o rilT'l c u:J R'ir " r or r:Ji uu raio qi o d'r il" riuLo.lq 1 n rfr u E r 6il o lu'[#intr,r Fr ?'r eJ i
  • 45. t$nu R'11*'lo-,!nqll 127 rir rln ? gr n'r :-ta 18 EJ s,r gO. slou?io + Ghinese film makers and animators will likely start making their own animated films. lriro v rilu'lrJ'ldir f,airo ntr s$o{ua &R1n u1{orinr{qr.rmaduo c Gil airo dd nrrsuninlig$too) IoyrrinruiT erm:na::locnl:ornEionfraovi'ru rirqouro.Jliodnrrr:n#.rrnqld' Q1n "... and asking why Chinese film-makers and animators cannot compete with foreign producers." dlu:Jn'jr "... tlflvn1il'jrrirh{.ei'xnrnlun{unslu ddAlil'tvY€vvvd R'llt{ UUATnITAUTl?01[ [tJfl1tl1TnUI.]1J1.[fl:'l{R'lltlUUATnUtlflT'].]R']1',1UltqlT0ln.u ,u qir.:il:yryrs'[oi"'rdorargar:l:sIsrFr6irud'r:Jiuurefiaurilunr:yi'ryrrul#fieir.r E d a A @q v d d qea v a R',t1tuugt:T'l?01*9tu9t? [un1:flT1.1R1?{UUATnl;nU?A{AUlfiilnilR',]1'{ytgltytUtJ.uq v66 n u R'nl u il a r n r r er uo r n qi r .: :J rs r ?r n riu fi rr a q r'j T l uki.E'r fi rir o r fi n r : nir r{ nryr uun{uur ddururrir.: rfi orJ:vI usflurfi rnr:rni.rrTu la 18 s E r 6{ o lt'[#in'[u a ?1 EJ ;