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Integrated Intelligent Research (IIR) International Journal of Data Mining Techniques and Applications
Volume: 05 Issue: 02 December 2016 Page No.157-158
ISSN: 2278-2419
157
Data Mining @ Information Age
M. Arunmozhi1
, R. Usha2
1
Research Scholar, Bharathiar University, Librarian, KCS Kasi Nadar College of Arts and Science
2
Librarian and Information Assistant, Archaeological Survey of India
E-Mail: marunmozhikutty@gmail.com, usha.ramur@gmail.com /ushangeorge@gmail.com
Abstract - In the information age, data turns to be the vital.
Hence it is important to understand the data in order to face the
future information challenges. This paper deals with the
importance of data mining while explaining the concepts and
life cycle involved. It extracts the basic gist of the topic
presented in a user-friendly way. Further, in developing
different stages of data mining followed by its extended
application usage in practical business platform.
I. INTRODUCTION
Since, the information gateways are exploded with lots of
information, its retention and regeneration is inevitable. In this
information age, generation of new information happens
rapidly and frequently. Hence, there is a dire need to analyse,
summarize and interpret the developing information to
improve business prospects. Hence, data mining plays a key
role in analyzing the information in all possible dimensions
and angle to understand the explore them. Data miners extract
and process the data in a larger scale. This helps identify
hidden relationships, different patterns and its associated inter-
link and general norms that can foresee the correlations which
can ease the business or research decisions and quick and
authentic.
II. INFORMATION AGE
The patterns, associations, or relationships among all this info
can offer information. maybe, analysis of retail purpose of sale
dealings info can yield information on it product ar commerce
and once. This includes:
 Operational or transactional info love, sales, cost,
inventory, payroll, and accounting
 Reserve info, love trade sales, forecast info, and macro-
economic information
 Meta info - info relating to the knowledge itself, love
logical info vogue or information reference definitions
III. DEFINITION
Data may well be a method of developing the collected
information into useful information. That information
successively is used by the massive companies or info seekers
to boost their business wings or content. However, processing
does not restricted in extracting data however exploring {the
information the knowledge the information} sets or patterns
from a voluminous data for any analysis and work station
implementation. The need for adapting processing has varied
reasons.
IV. INFORMATION EXPLOSION
Information Explosion here suggests that not restricted to the
pooling of information but its volume in terms of dimensions
to boot matters. Limitations of Human Analysis Whenever
somebody's brain processes the knowledge, these we've got an
inclination torus the problems we could end up with a looking
for advanced multifactor dependencies in info, and conjointly
the dearth of judgment in such associate analysis.
Styles of Data Mining: Directed Data Mining and Undirected
Data Mining
Directed data mining is a kind of queue approach (top-down)
approach. This style is used to only when we know what are
we looking for and the predicted results. Undirected data
mining is a kind of stack approach (bottom – up) approach.
This style involves patterns but decisive to the user point of
view.
V. CYCLE OF DATA MINING PROCESS
1. Problem Definition
2. Data Preparation
3. Modeling
4. Evaluation
5. Deployment
Before we get exploring the stages of data mining, the data
mining cycle needs to be understood. Basically, any data
miners should be able to understand the problem and define the
problem. This first steps almost common to data analytics and
big data as well. After identifying the problem, the gathering of
data takes place. Data can gathered from the readily available
internal sources such as customer database and other different
external sources. All those gathered data are stored in a sing
place and common format to use. Next is to explore the data
for evaluation and cleaning the data. This evaluation
scrutinizes the data in all different angles and cleanses
anything that is to necessary and inaccurate in terms of critical
data fields.
Stages of the data-mining process
 Information gathering, e.g., info reposition, web crawl.
 Information cleansing: eliminate errors and/or phoned
info.
 Feature extraction: obtaining only the attention-grabbing
attributes of the knowledge, e.g., date acquired” is
probably not useful for agglomeration celestial objects, as
in Sky cat.
 Pattern extraction and discovery. usually this will be} the
stage that is usually thought of as data mining,” and is
where we've got an inclination to shall concentrate our
effort.
VI. APPLICATION
Data mining can be applied in almost all different disciplines
including inter-disciplinary areas. This plays a vital role in
Integrated Intelligent Research (IIR) International Journal of Data Mining Techniques and Applications
Volume: 05 Issue: 02 December 2016 Page No.157-158
ISSN: 2278-2419
158
research and development area to arrive into a new set of data
based on the already existing data from large databases.
Usage Processing
User information in any organization helps identify the patterns
of user and user likely to turn non-user. Since data mining in
this area extracts the usage statistics and other related
information to draw a clear picture of what is happening with
the business. It also compares the patterns with other related
databases to obtain clarity.
Electronic Commerce
Electronic Commerce is a boon to the business environment.
Because this had transformed the marketing fields and imposed
a serious challenge to those who are lacking technological
advancement skill set. This helps organizations to analyse the
customers’ behaviour developing marketing strategies to
promote business in many avenues. Electronic Commerce
embraces the following:
1. Consumer management
2. Retail business
3. Data point analysis.
Search Engines
Search engines are very much important in the role of data
mining at this information era. Since the advent of internet and
followed by technologies, many traditional search engines
were playing an efficient role. However, it provides only
limited assistance to the users who could be able to trace the
relevant information. But, data mining search engines are
developed with more advanced features to face the rising
challenges in the current information age. Some advantages
are:
(a) Ranking of pages
(b) Improvement of precision
(c) Citation analysis
VII.CONCLUSION
Within the past 10 years, there has been significant progress in
the field of information science. Some of this progress
represents improvements in existing techniques. One of these
techniques is data mining, which can search for interesting
relationships and global patterns from various types of
resources. These relationships and patterns represent valuable
knowledge about the objects and this is reflected by many
applications in the field of information science. Data mining is
widely used in many applications. The paper focuses on three
main application domains, including electronic commerce,
personalized environments, and search engines. It should be
noted that data mining has also been applied to other
application domains, such as bioinformatics, digital libraries,
and web based learning, etc. It is another direction for future
research to investigate what major functions are required for
each application domain and to develop concrete criteria for
the evaluation of their effectiveness.
References
[1] Agrawal, R., & Srikant, R. Fast algorithms for mining
association rules. Proceedings of the 20th international
conference on very large databases (1994), Santiago,
Chile.
[2] Ankerst, M.. Visual Data Mining with Pixel-oriented
Visualization Techniques. Proceedings of ACM SIGKDD
Workshop on Visual Data Mining (2001).
[3] Bigus, J. Data Mining with Neural Networks: Solving
Business Problems from Application Development to
Decision Support. New York: McGraw-Hill (1996).
[4] Borko, H. (1968) Information Science: What is it?.
American Documentation. 19(1), 3-5.
[5] Bose, I. & Mahapatra, R. K.. Business data mining - a
machine learning perspective. Information &
Management. 39(3) (2001) 211-225.
[6] Brin, S. & Page, L. The Anatomy of a Lage-Scale
Hypertextual Web Search Engine. Proceedings of the 7th
International World-Wide Web Conference (1998),
pp.107-117.
[7] Chakrabarti, S. Berg, M. van den, Dom, B. Focused
Crawling: A New Approach for Topic-Specific Resource
Discovery, Proceedings of the 8th International World
Wide Web Conference (1999).
[8] Chakrabarti, S., Dom, B. E., Kumar, S.R., Raghavan, P.,
Rajagopalan, S., Tomkins, A., Gibson, D. & Kleinberg,
J.M. Mining the web's link structure. Computer. 32 (1999)
60-67.
[9] Changchien, S., & Lu, T. Mining association rules
procedure to support on-line recommendation by
customers and products fragmentation. Expert Systems
with Applications. 20(4) (2001) 325-335
[10]Chen, C. and Paul, R.J. Visualising a knowledge domain’s
intellectual structure. Computer, 34(3) (2001) 65-71.
[11]Chen, H. C. and Chen, A.L.P. A music recommendation
system based on music data grouping and user interests.
Proceedings of the CIKM'01, Atlanta, Georgia (2001), pp.
231–238.
[12]Chen, Y. L., Tang, K., Shen, R. J. & Hu, Y. H. Market
basket analysis in a multiple store environment. Decision
Support Systems, forthcoming.

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Data Mining @ Information Age

  • 1. Integrated Intelligent Research (IIR) International Journal of Data Mining Techniques and Applications Volume: 05 Issue: 02 December 2016 Page No.157-158 ISSN: 2278-2419 157 Data Mining @ Information Age M. Arunmozhi1 , R. Usha2 1 Research Scholar, Bharathiar University, Librarian, KCS Kasi Nadar College of Arts and Science 2 Librarian and Information Assistant, Archaeological Survey of India E-Mail: marunmozhikutty@gmail.com, usha.ramur@gmail.com /ushangeorge@gmail.com Abstract - In the information age, data turns to be the vital. Hence it is important to understand the data in order to face the future information challenges. This paper deals with the importance of data mining while explaining the concepts and life cycle involved. It extracts the basic gist of the topic presented in a user-friendly way. Further, in developing different stages of data mining followed by its extended application usage in practical business platform. I. INTRODUCTION Since, the information gateways are exploded with lots of information, its retention and regeneration is inevitable. In this information age, generation of new information happens rapidly and frequently. Hence, there is a dire need to analyse, summarize and interpret the developing information to improve business prospects. Hence, data mining plays a key role in analyzing the information in all possible dimensions and angle to understand the explore them. Data miners extract and process the data in a larger scale. This helps identify hidden relationships, different patterns and its associated inter- link and general norms that can foresee the correlations which can ease the business or research decisions and quick and authentic. II. INFORMATION AGE The patterns, associations, or relationships among all this info can offer information. maybe, analysis of retail purpose of sale dealings info can yield information on it product ar commerce and once. This includes:  Operational or transactional info love, sales, cost, inventory, payroll, and accounting  Reserve info, love trade sales, forecast info, and macro- economic information  Meta info - info relating to the knowledge itself, love logical info vogue or information reference definitions III. DEFINITION Data may well be a method of developing the collected information into useful information. That information successively is used by the massive companies or info seekers to boost their business wings or content. However, processing does not restricted in extracting data however exploring {the information the knowledge the information} sets or patterns from a voluminous data for any analysis and work station implementation. The need for adapting processing has varied reasons. IV. INFORMATION EXPLOSION Information Explosion here suggests that not restricted to the pooling of information but its volume in terms of dimensions to boot matters. Limitations of Human Analysis Whenever somebody's brain processes the knowledge, these we've got an inclination torus the problems we could end up with a looking for advanced multifactor dependencies in info, and conjointly the dearth of judgment in such associate analysis. Styles of Data Mining: Directed Data Mining and Undirected Data Mining Directed data mining is a kind of queue approach (top-down) approach. This style is used to only when we know what are we looking for and the predicted results. Undirected data mining is a kind of stack approach (bottom – up) approach. This style involves patterns but decisive to the user point of view. V. CYCLE OF DATA MINING PROCESS 1. Problem Definition 2. Data Preparation 3. Modeling 4. Evaluation 5. Deployment Before we get exploring the stages of data mining, the data mining cycle needs to be understood. Basically, any data miners should be able to understand the problem and define the problem. This first steps almost common to data analytics and big data as well. After identifying the problem, the gathering of data takes place. Data can gathered from the readily available internal sources such as customer database and other different external sources. All those gathered data are stored in a sing place and common format to use. Next is to explore the data for evaluation and cleaning the data. This evaluation scrutinizes the data in all different angles and cleanses anything that is to necessary and inaccurate in terms of critical data fields. Stages of the data-mining process  Information gathering, e.g., info reposition, web crawl.  Information cleansing: eliminate errors and/or phoned info.  Feature extraction: obtaining only the attention-grabbing attributes of the knowledge, e.g., date acquired” is probably not useful for agglomeration celestial objects, as in Sky cat.  Pattern extraction and discovery. usually this will be} the stage that is usually thought of as data mining,” and is where we've got an inclination to shall concentrate our effort. VI. APPLICATION Data mining can be applied in almost all different disciplines including inter-disciplinary areas. This plays a vital role in
  • 2. Integrated Intelligent Research (IIR) International Journal of Data Mining Techniques and Applications Volume: 05 Issue: 02 December 2016 Page No.157-158 ISSN: 2278-2419 158 research and development area to arrive into a new set of data based on the already existing data from large databases. Usage Processing User information in any organization helps identify the patterns of user and user likely to turn non-user. Since data mining in this area extracts the usage statistics and other related information to draw a clear picture of what is happening with the business. It also compares the patterns with other related databases to obtain clarity. Electronic Commerce Electronic Commerce is a boon to the business environment. Because this had transformed the marketing fields and imposed a serious challenge to those who are lacking technological advancement skill set. This helps organizations to analyse the customers’ behaviour developing marketing strategies to promote business in many avenues. Electronic Commerce embraces the following: 1. Consumer management 2. Retail business 3. Data point analysis. Search Engines Search engines are very much important in the role of data mining at this information era. Since the advent of internet and followed by technologies, many traditional search engines were playing an efficient role. However, it provides only limited assistance to the users who could be able to trace the relevant information. But, data mining search engines are developed with more advanced features to face the rising challenges in the current information age. Some advantages are: (a) Ranking of pages (b) Improvement of precision (c) Citation analysis VII.CONCLUSION Within the past 10 years, there has been significant progress in the field of information science. Some of this progress represents improvements in existing techniques. One of these techniques is data mining, which can search for interesting relationships and global patterns from various types of resources. These relationships and patterns represent valuable knowledge about the objects and this is reflected by many applications in the field of information science. Data mining is widely used in many applications. The paper focuses on three main application domains, including electronic commerce, personalized environments, and search engines. It should be noted that data mining has also been applied to other application domains, such as bioinformatics, digital libraries, and web based learning, etc. It is another direction for future research to investigate what major functions are required for each application domain and to develop concrete criteria for the evaluation of their effectiveness. References [1] Agrawal, R., & Srikant, R. Fast algorithms for mining association rules. Proceedings of the 20th international conference on very large databases (1994), Santiago, Chile. [2] Ankerst, M.. Visual Data Mining with Pixel-oriented Visualization Techniques. Proceedings of ACM SIGKDD Workshop on Visual Data Mining (2001). [3] Bigus, J. Data Mining with Neural Networks: Solving Business Problems from Application Development to Decision Support. New York: McGraw-Hill (1996). [4] Borko, H. (1968) Information Science: What is it?. American Documentation. 19(1), 3-5. [5] Bose, I. & Mahapatra, R. K.. Business data mining - a machine learning perspective. Information & Management. 39(3) (2001) 211-225. [6] Brin, S. & Page, L. The Anatomy of a Lage-Scale Hypertextual Web Search Engine. Proceedings of the 7th International World-Wide Web Conference (1998), pp.107-117. [7] Chakrabarti, S. Berg, M. van den, Dom, B. Focused Crawling: A New Approach for Topic-Specific Resource Discovery, Proceedings of the 8th International World Wide Web Conference (1999). [8] Chakrabarti, S., Dom, B. E., Kumar, S.R., Raghavan, P., Rajagopalan, S., Tomkins, A., Gibson, D. & Kleinberg, J.M. Mining the web's link structure. Computer. 32 (1999) 60-67. [9] Changchien, S., & Lu, T. Mining association rules procedure to support on-line recommendation by customers and products fragmentation. Expert Systems with Applications. 20(4) (2001) 325-335 [10]Chen, C. and Paul, R.J. Visualising a knowledge domain’s intellectual structure. Computer, 34(3) (2001) 65-71. [11]Chen, H. C. and Chen, A.L.P. A music recommendation system based on music data grouping and user interests. Proceedings of the CIKM'01, Atlanta, Georgia (2001), pp. 231–238. [12]Chen, Y. L., Tang, K., Shen, R. J. & Hu, Y. H. Market basket analysis in a multiple store environment. Decision Support Systems, forthcoming.