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State of the Nation Study: K-12 Online
          Learning in Canada



      Michael K. Barbour & Jason Siko
          Wayne State University
Methodology
Province/Territory       2008       2009       2010
Newfoundland & Labrador KS / DA    MoE / DA     DA
Nova Scotia               DA       MoE / DA    MoE
Prince Edward Island      DA       KS / DA     MoE
New Brunswick             DA       MoE / DA    MoE
Quebec                    KS       KS / DA    MoE / KS
Ontario                 KS / DA    KS / DA    KS / DA
Manitoba                  KS       MoE / DA    MoE
Saskatchewan            KS / DA     MoE        MoE
Alberta                   DA       KS / DA    KS / DA
British Columbia        MoE / DA   MoE / DA    MoE
Yukon                     DA       KS / DA    MoE / DA
Northwest Territories     DA       MoE / DA     DA
Nunavut                   DA        MoE        MoE
National Overview
                    Single provincial
                       programme
                    Combination of
                       provincial and
                       district-based
                       programmes
                    Primarily district-
                       based
                       programmes
                    Use programmes
                       from other
                       provinces
National Trends
• Regulations varied significantly

• Method of delivery is still print-based in many
  instances
  – Greater reliance upon synchronous tools than
    elsewhere


• Between 150,00 and 175,000 K-12 students
  took one or more DE courses
Newfoundland and Labrador
• Online learning began in mid-1990s with
  district-based programmes

• Single province-wide programme began
  around 2001

• No specific policies for online learning, but
  provincial programme is housed within MOE

• Between 1,500 – 1,800 students annually
Nova Scotia
• Online learning began in 2003

• Couple district-based programmes & a
  provincial wide pilot programme

• 11 provisions included in the agreement
  between the Government & teachers union

• Between 2,500-2,800 students annually
Prince Edward Island
• Small video conferencing programme & uses
  online learning programme in New Brunswick

• MOE has issued two directives since 2001
  containing guidelines for the use of distance
  education in K-12 environment

• Approximately 40 students annually
New Brunswick
• Online learning began in 1998
• Single province-wide programme
  – used frequently by face-to-face teachers too

• No specific policies for online learning, but
  provincial programme is housed within MOE

• Between 1,500-2,000 students annually in
  English programme & 350-700 students in
  French programme
Quebec
• MOE devolved distance education
• Société de formation à distance des
  commissions scolaires du Québec (SOFAD)
  – Approximately 45,000 enrolments

• Learn Quebec
  – Approximately 300 enrolments

• Écoles éloignées en réseau or Remote
  Networked Schools
  – Connects schools, but no distance education
Ontario
• Online learning began in 1994
• Primarily district-based programmes using the
  provincial CMS and course content
  – Cooperation between boards through OeLC (OCeLC too)
  – Approximately 10,000 students

• Consortium d'apprentissage virtuel de langue
  française de l'Ontario
  – Approximately 1,300 students

• Three private schools
Manitoba
• Province offers three forms
  – MOE manages correspondence and audio
    teleconference systems
     • 3400 enrolments for correspondence, approximately
       530 for teleconference
  – districts manage their own web-based programme
    using MOE content
     • approximately 4000 students

• All districts appear to participate in web-based
  option to some extent
Saskatchewan
• Province devolved responsibility to
  districts
• Most districts have their own capacity

• Sixteen districts provided space to external
  students through the Saskatchewan Distance
  Learning Course Repository

• Approximately 3,500 students
Alberta
• Online learning began in 1994-95
• Numerous district-based, several private, and
  a province-wide programme
• MOE has no specific online learning policies
  (simply advises school-based programs to
  consider how they will treat online learning)
• Release Inspiring Action on Education in June
• Between 35,000 and 40,000 students
British Columbia

• First online learning programmes (1993)
• Fifty-three public & 12 private programmes
• Most extensive distributed learning
  regulations
  – Funding follows student

• Over 71,000 students enroled
Yukon
• Several MOE programmes and also
  utilizes programmes from British
  Columbia & Alberta
• Primarily regulated by Ministry or through
  inter-provincial agreements
• Thirteen students enroled in video
  conferencing programme
• Approximately 100 students enroled British
  Columbia & Alberta programmes
Northwest Territories
• Primarily utilizes programmes from Alberta,
  beginning to create internal capacity
  – Beaufort Delta Education Council

• MOE active in this provincial-territorial
  agreement

• Less then 200 students enroled
Nunavut
• Utilizes programmes from Alberta &
  British Columbia

• A belief that southern distance education courses
  rarely meet the needs of students in context,
  cultural, relevance, and pedagogy.

• Trying to build internal capacity
   – Building on other existing programs, including adult
     programs like “Together @ a Distance”
National/Comparative Take-aways

• Seen as a substitute when face-to-face
  learning is not feasible or economic

• Unions are cautious supporters

• Has not become a political issue
http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACOL_Canada
               Study10-finalweb.pdf
Your
Questions
  and
Comments
Michael K. Barbour, Assistant Professor
    Jason Siko, Doctoral Student
          Wayne State University, USA


         mkbarbour@gmail.com
    http://www.michaelbarbour.com

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CNIE 2011 - State of the Nation Study: K-12 Online Learning in Canada

  • 1. State of the Nation Study: K-12 Online Learning in Canada Michael K. Barbour & Jason Siko Wayne State University
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. Methodology Province/Territory 2008 2009 2010 Newfoundland & Labrador KS / DA MoE / DA DA Nova Scotia DA MoE / DA MoE Prince Edward Island DA KS / DA MoE New Brunswick DA MoE / DA MoE Quebec KS KS / DA MoE / KS Ontario KS / DA KS / DA KS / DA Manitoba KS MoE / DA MoE Saskatchewan KS / DA MoE MoE Alberta DA KS / DA KS / DA British Columbia MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE Yukon DA KS / DA MoE / DA Northwest Territories DA MoE / DA DA Nunavut DA MoE MoE
  • 5. National Overview Single provincial programme Combination of provincial and district-based programmes Primarily district- based programmes Use programmes from other provinces
  • 6. National Trends • Regulations varied significantly • Method of delivery is still print-based in many instances – Greater reliance upon synchronous tools than elsewhere • Between 150,00 and 175,000 K-12 students took one or more DE courses
  • 7. Newfoundland and Labrador • Online learning began in mid-1990s with district-based programmes • Single province-wide programme began around 2001 • No specific policies for online learning, but provincial programme is housed within MOE • Between 1,500 – 1,800 students annually
  • 8. Nova Scotia • Online learning began in 2003 • Couple district-based programmes & a provincial wide pilot programme • 11 provisions included in the agreement between the Government & teachers union • Between 2,500-2,800 students annually
  • 9. Prince Edward Island • Small video conferencing programme & uses online learning programme in New Brunswick • MOE has issued two directives since 2001 containing guidelines for the use of distance education in K-12 environment • Approximately 40 students annually
  • 10. New Brunswick • Online learning began in 1998 • Single province-wide programme – used frequently by face-to-face teachers too • No specific policies for online learning, but provincial programme is housed within MOE • Between 1,500-2,000 students annually in English programme & 350-700 students in French programme
  • 11. Quebec • MOE devolved distance education • Société de formation à distance des commissions scolaires du Québec (SOFAD) – Approximately 45,000 enrolments • Learn Quebec – Approximately 300 enrolments • Écoles éloignées en réseau or Remote Networked Schools – Connects schools, but no distance education
  • 12. Ontario • Online learning began in 1994 • Primarily district-based programmes using the provincial CMS and course content – Cooperation between boards through OeLC (OCeLC too) – Approximately 10,000 students • Consortium d'apprentissage virtuel de langue française de l'Ontario – Approximately 1,300 students • Three private schools
  • 13. Manitoba • Province offers three forms – MOE manages correspondence and audio teleconference systems • 3400 enrolments for correspondence, approximately 530 for teleconference – districts manage their own web-based programme using MOE content • approximately 4000 students • All districts appear to participate in web-based option to some extent
  • 14. Saskatchewan • Province devolved responsibility to districts • Most districts have their own capacity • Sixteen districts provided space to external students through the Saskatchewan Distance Learning Course Repository • Approximately 3,500 students
  • 15. Alberta • Online learning began in 1994-95 • Numerous district-based, several private, and a province-wide programme • MOE has no specific online learning policies (simply advises school-based programs to consider how they will treat online learning) • Release Inspiring Action on Education in June • Between 35,000 and 40,000 students
  • 16. British Columbia • First online learning programmes (1993) • Fifty-three public & 12 private programmes • Most extensive distributed learning regulations – Funding follows student • Over 71,000 students enroled
  • 17. Yukon • Several MOE programmes and also utilizes programmes from British Columbia & Alberta • Primarily regulated by Ministry or through inter-provincial agreements • Thirteen students enroled in video conferencing programme • Approximately 100 students enroled British Columbia & Alberta programmes
  • 18. Northwest Territories • Primarily utilizes programmes from Alberta, beginning to create internal capacity – Beaufort Delta Education Council • MOE active in this provincial-territorial agreement • Less then 200 students enroled
  • 19. Nunavut • Utilizes programmes from Alberta & British Columbia • A belief that southern distance education courses rarely meet the needs of students in context, cultural, relevance, and pedagogy. • Trying to build internal capacity – Building on other existing programs, including adult programs like “Together @ a Distance”
  • 20. National/Comparative Take-aways • Seen as a substitute when face-to-face learning is not feasible or economic • Unions are cautious supporters • Has not become a political issue
  • 23. Michael K. Barbour, Assistant Professor Jason Siko, Doctoral Student Wayne State University, USA mkbarbour@gmail.com http://www.michaelbarbour.com