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State of the Nation:
K-12 Online Learning in Canada




     Michael K. Barbour
    Wayne State University
Methodology
Province/Territory          2008       2009       2010       2011
Newfoundland & Labrador   KS / DA    MoE / DA     DA         MoE
Nova Scotia                 DA       MoE / DA   MoE / DA   MoE / DA
Prince Edward Island        DA       KS / DA      MoE        MoE
New Brunswick               DA       MoE / DA     MoE      MoE / DA
Quebec                      KS       KS / DA    MoE / KS   MoE / KS
Ontario                   KS / DA    KS / DA    KS / DA    MoE / DA
Manitoba                    KS       MoE / DA     MoE        MoE
Saskatchewan              KS / DA      MoE        MoE      MoE / KS
Alberta                     DA       KS / DA    KS / DA      MoE
British Columbia          MoE / DA   MoE / DA     MoE        MoE
Yukon                       DA       KS / DA    MoE / DA     MoE
Northwest Territories       DA       MoE / DA     DA         MoE
Nunavut                     DA         MoE        MoE        MoE
National Overview - Regulations
                         Legislative regime

                         Policy regulations

                         No real regulations

                         Memorandums of
                          Understanding
                          with other
                          provinces
National Trends
• Regulations varied significantly
  – Often still regulated in the same manner as brick-
    and-mortar or face-to-face instruction


• Method of delivery is still print-based in many
  instances
  – Greater reliance upon synchronous tools than
    elsewhere

• Little teacher preparation
National Overview - Activity
                         Single provincial
                            programme
                         Primarily district-
                            based
                            programmes
                         Combination of
                            provincial and
                            district-based
                            programmes
                         Use programmes
                            from other
                            provinces
National Overview - Activity
National Trends
• ~207,000 or ~4% K-12 students took one or
  more DE courses

• In many provinces, the numbers are estimates
  at best

• Percentage of participations will vary from
  year-to-year
Take-aways
• Seen as a substitute when face-to-face
  learning is not feasible or economic

• Unions are cautious supporters

• Has not become a political issue

• Several jurisdictions have made dramatic
  changes over the past five years
http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACO
        L_CanadaStudy_201111.pdf




http://virtualschool.wikispaces.com/canada
Your
Questions
  and
Comments
Assistant Professor
       Wayne State University, USA
        mkbarbour@gmail.com
   http://www.michaelbarbour.com
http://virtualschooling.wordpress.com

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CSSE 2012 - State of the Nation Study: K-12 Online Learning in Canada

  • 1. State of the Nation: K-12 Online Learning in Canada Michael K. Barbour Wayne State University
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. Methodology Province/Territory 2008 2009 2010 2011 Newfoundland & Labrador KS / DA MoE / DA DA MoE Nova Scotia DA MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE / DA Prince Edward Island DA KS / DA MoE MoE New Brunswick DA MoE / DA MoE MoE / DA Quebec KS KS / DA MoE / KS MoE / KS Ontario KS / DA KS / DA KS / DA MoE / DA Manitoba KS MoE / DA MoE MoE Saskatchewan KS / DA MoE MoE MoE / KS Alberta DA KS / DA KS / DA MoE British Columbia MoE / DA MoE / DA MoE MoE Yukon DA KS / DA MoE / DA MoE Northwest Territories DA MoE / DA DA MoE Nunavut DA MoE MoE MoE
  • 5. National Overview - Regulations Legislative regime Policy regulations No real regulations Memorandums of Understanding with other provinces
  • 6. National Trends • Regulations varied significantly – Often still regulated in the same manner as brick- and-mortar or face-to-face instruction • Method of delivery is still print-based in many instances – Greater reliance upon synchronous tools than elsewhere • Little teacher preparation
  • 7. National Overview - Activity Single provincial programme Primarily district- based programmes Combination of provincial and district-based programmes Use programmes from other provinces
  • 9. National Trends • ~207,000 or ~4% K-12 students took one or more DE courses • In many provinces, the numbers are estimates at best • Percentage of participations will vary from year-to-year
  • 10. Take-aways • Seen as a substitute when face-to-face learning is not feasible or economic • Unions are cautious supporters • Has not become a political issue • Several jurisdictions have made dramatic changes over the past five years
  • 11. http://www.inacol.org/research/docs/iNACO L_CanadaStudy_201111.pdf http://virtualschool.wikispaces.com/canada
  • 13. Assistant Professor Wayne State University, USA mkbarbour@gmail.com http://www.michaelbarbour.com http://virtualschooling.wordpress.com