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Broadcast
Radio and 5G
European Radio Show
Paris, 25 January 2019
Technology agnosticism
• Public Media Services are agnostic with respect to standards or technology
• We adopt everything that…
1. allows us to comply with our public service obligations
2. allows us to reach devices used by citizens
3. is technically posible
4. is economically viable
What is 5G?
• 5G is about future, not now
• There is a global momentum for 5G
What is 5G?
• For the European Commission, 5G is not about Radio, TV or Media. 5G is about “Entertainment” with
“apps beyond imagination” (sic)
What is 5G?
• For vendors, 5G are services provided by a single network
What is 5G?
What is 5G?
• For mobile operators…
 5G is about money, economic growth,
profitable new services, etc.
 They will deploy genuine 5G only for all
those services that cannot be provided
with the current networks
• For Public Media Services, 5G will be what Public Media Services want to be
What is 5G?
European Project 5G-Cast on Broadcast and Multicast Communication Enablers for the Fifth Generation of Wireless Systems
Media & Entertainment Value Chain
General perception about 5G
• EBU, in principle, is in favour of 5G
 5G networks will be far superior to any existing network
 5G networks will support a wide range of use cases, including those with strict
performance requirements (latency, quality of service, cost…)
1. 5G initial developments did not consider:
 Requirements for a massive distribution of audiovisual services
 Interoperability or integration with TV and Radio broadcast networks
Scepticism/realism about 5G
2. 5G will not be a entirely new development. It will be built on the basis of the existing
telecommunications infrastructure.
3. Mobile operators will try to recover their investments in 4G deployment before they start
investing in new 5G infrastructures
4. New business models in 5G have not yet been developed
Scepticism/realism about 5G
• The process started some years ago
 The objective is to achieve a single, coherent and globally accepted set of standards.
 The main standarization bodies involved are 3GPP and ITU
 The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) unites seven telecommunications standard
development organizations (ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TSDSI, TTA, TTC)
 Since 5G intends to integrate different telecommunications technologies (i.e. fiber and
satellite), another bodies will be involved later (ETSI, IEEE, etc.)
5G Standardisation process
• Work at 3GPP has been planned so that the standards on 5G are expected to be ready in
2020
• Original 5G features will be specified in two 3GPP “Releases” (3GPP standards): Release
15 (published on June 2018) and Release 16 (expected by 2020)
 This is consistent with ITU’s calendar, because the identification of spectrum for 5G is
an Agenda item at WRC-19
5G Standardisation process
• The effective collaboration between EBU and 3GPP did not start until 2015, when the first
requirements were submitted. Today we can talk about a fruitful collaboration.
 Many of these requirements, including the obligation of providing FTA SIM-free linear
TV and radio programmes offered by public service broadcasters, were adopted in
Release 14
Participation at 3GPP
PSM requirements identified by EBU and proposed to 3GPP for Release 14
• Release 15 is the first 3GPP Release which includes some 5G original features
 One of this features is a new radio interface called ‘5G New Radio’ (5G-NR), but this
interface does not specifies a broadcast/multicast mode
 A future specification including broadcast/multicast (FeMBMS, “Further evolved
Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services”) could be included in Release 16… or even
later
Participation at 3GPP
• Currently, use cases are being collated
 New technical requirements are being identified for these use cases
 Some of these use cases will entail very challenging technical requirements (i.e. in
terms of very high data rates associated to very low latencies)
• EBU collaboration in 5G will be extended beyond Release 16
Participation at 3GPP
• At the system level, 5G will be able to meet the requirements of the radio industry
 4.5G networks probably too
• Operational, commercial, and regulatory requirements are similar for TV and radio
 They are partly enabled by 3GPP Release 14
Is there case for Radio over 5G?
• 5G new deployments probably will not be cheap
 It would make no sense to pay for something that Radio does not need or does not
provide a clear advantage
Is there case for Radio over 5G?
• To have deployed a DAB+ networks across Europe will be probably necessary in a 5G
world because…
 A massive distribution of linear radio directly over 5G is possible, but costs probably
could not be affordable for radio
 Interoperability between 5G and DAB+ could be possible, but interoperability
between 5G and FM is not possible
Is there case for Radio over 5G?
• Current radio costs structure
Is there case for Radio over 5G?
90%
5%
5%
Terrestrial Broadcasting
Mobile broadband
Fixed broadband
Platform usage According to EBU statistics:
National radio daily listening time per citizen: ~17 minutes
Realistic listening time through the internet: 1.7 minutes
EBU study on Cost-benefit analysis of FM, DAB, DAB+ and broadband for radio broadcasters and listeners
https://tech.ebu.ch/publications/tr_2017_radio
• Current radio costs structure
Is there case for Radio over 5G?
FM opex for national station
DAB opex for national station in a full MUX
(18 stations)
DAB opex for national station in partially full
MUX (10 stations)
Internet radio opex for 17 minutes per day per
citizen
Internet radio opex for 1.7 minutes (10%) per
day per citizen
FM is by far the most
expensive distribution
technology
Due to multiplex technology, DAB is
inexpensive. In the best case it
could be 10 times cheaper than FM
The expense for internet distribution is highly
variable and can easily grow larger than DAB
and similar to FM
• Current radio costs structure
Is there case for Radio over 5G?
54%46%
Distribution budget for technologies combined
DAB Radio OpEx (best case) in M$
Internet Radio (realistic online listening) OpEx in M$
Depends on the amount listeners:
(72M people listening 1.7 minutes per day)
Depends on the area covered:
(390k km2 broadcasting 24/7)
• It’s important to define realistic 5G use cases for Radio
 EBU Strategic Program on Radio has just began to start a work in this field
 The intention is to be proactive now, in order to feed the requirements into the
ongoing standardization and the regulatory process
Is there case for Radio over 5G?
EBU Strategic Program on Radio
https://tech.ebu.ch/groups/radio
• The coming of 5G is a fact
• Radio will strongly need digital terrestrial broadcast in the future
• Costs of massive distribution of linear radio directly over 5G are unaffordable for radio
 Massive delivery of radio contents over 5G is an issue to be solved
 A possible interoperability between DAB+ and 5G could be an option
 FM is not an option for the long-term
• Define 5G relevant use cases and requirements is strongly recommend
 Radio must evolve while retaining its identity
Conclusions
Javier Sánchez
Head of Strategy
RTVE Innovation Center
javier.sanchez.perez@rtve.es
Thank you

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Broadcast Radio and 5G RTVE EBU @ European Radio and Digital Audio Show 2019

  • 1. Broadcast Radio and 5G European Radio Show Paris, 25 January 2019
  • 2. Technology agnosticism • Public Media Services are agnostic with respect to standards or technology • We adopt everything that… 1. allows us to comply with our public service obligations 2. allows us to reach devices used by citizens 3. is technically posible 4. is economically viable
  • 4. • 5G is about future, not now • There is a global momentum for 5G What is 5G?
  • 5. • For the European Commission, 5G is not about Radio, TV or Media. 5G is about “Entertainment” with “apps beyond imagination” (sic) What is 5G?
  • 6. • For vendors, 5G are services provided by a single network What is 5G?
  • 7. What is 5G? • For mobile operators…  5G is about money, economic growth, profitable new services, etc.  They will deploy genuine 5G only for all those services that cannot be provided with the current networks
  • 8. • For Public Media Services, 5G will be what Public Media Services want to be What is 5G? European Project 5G-Cast on Broadcast and Multicast Communication Enablers for the Fifth Generation of Wireless Systems Media & Entertainment Value Chain
  • 9. General perception about 5G • EBU, in principle, is in favour of 5G  5G networks will be far superior to any existing network  5G networks will support a wide range of use cases, including those with strict performance requirements (latency, quality of service, cost…)
  • 10. 1. 5G initial developments did not consider:  Requirements for a massive distribution of audiovisual services  Interoperability or integration with TV and Radio broadcast networks Scepticism/realism about 5G
  • 11. 2. 5G will not be a entirely new development. It will be built on the basis of the existing telecommunications infrastructure. 3. Mobile operators will try to recover their investments in 4G deployment before they start investing in new 5G infrastructures 4. New business models in 5G have not yet been developed Scepticism/realism about 5G
  • 12. • The process started some years ago  The objective is to achieve a single, coherent and globally accepted set of standards.  The main standarization bodies involved are 3GPP and ITU  The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) unites seven telecommunications standard development organizations (ARIB, ATIS, CCSA, ETSI, TSDSI, TTA, TTC)  Since 5G intends to integrate different telecommunications technologies (i.e. fiber and satellite), another bodies will be involved later (ETSI, IEEE, etc.) 5G Standardisation process
  • 13. • Work at 3GPP has been planned so that the standards on 5G are expected to be ready in 2020 • Original 5G features will be specified in two 3GPP “Releases” (3GPP standards): Release 15 (published on June 2018) and Release 16 (expected by 2020)  This is consistent with ITU’s calendar, because the identification of spectrum for 5G is an Agenda item at WRC-19 5G Standardisation process
  • 14. • The effective collaboration between EBU and 3GPP did not start until 2015, when the first requirements were submitted. Today we can talk about a fruitful collaboration.  Many of these requirements, including the obligation of providing FTA SIM-free linear TV and radio programmes offered by public service broadcasters, were adopted in Release 14 Participation at 3GPP PSM requirements identified by EBU and proposed to 3GPP for Release 14
  • 15. • Release 15 is the first 3GPP Release which includes some 5G original features  One of this features is a new radio interface called ‘5G New Radio’ (5G-NR), but this interface does not specifies a broadcast/multicast mode  A future specification including broadcast/multicast (FeMBMS, “Further evolved Multimedia Broadcast Multicast Services”) could be included in Release 16… or even later Participation at 3GPP
  • 16. • Currently, use cases are being collated  New technical requirements are being identified for these use cases  Some of these use cases will entail very challenging technical requirements (i.e. in terms of very high data rates associated to very low latencies) • EBU collaboration in 5G will be extended beyond Release 16 Participation at 3GPP
  • 17. • At the system level, 5G will be able to meet the requirements of the radio industry  4.5G networks probably too • Operational, commercial, and regulatory requirements are similar for TV and radio  They are partly enabled by 3GPP Release 14 Is there case for Radio over 5G?
  • 18. • 5G new deployments probably will not be cheap  It would make no sense to pay for something that Radio does not need or does not provide a clear advantage Is there case for Radio over 5G?
  • 19. • To have deployed a DAB+ networks across Europe will be probably necessary in a 5G world because…  A massive distribution of linear radio directly over 5G is possible, but costs probably could not be affordable for radio  Interoperability between 5G and DAB+ could be possible, but interoperability between 5G and FM is not possible Is there case for Radio over 5G?
  • 20. • Current radio costs structure Is there case for Radio over 5G? 90% 5% 5% Terrestrial Broadcasting Mobile broadband Fixed broadband Platform usage According to EBU statistics: National radio daily listening time per citizen: ~17 minutes Realistic listening time through the internet: 1.7 minutes EBU study on Cost-benefit analysis of FM, DAB, DAB+ and broadband for radio broadcasters and listeners https://tech.ebu.ch/publications/tr_2017_radio
  • 21. • Current radio costs structure Is there case for Radio over 5G? FM opex for national station DAB opex for national station in a full MUX (18 stations) DAB opex for national station in partially full MUX (10 stations) Internet radio opex for 17 minutes per day per citizen Internet radio opex for 1.7 minutes (10%) per day per citizen FM is by far the most expensive distribution technology Due to multiplex technology, DAB is inexpensive. In the best case it could be 10 times cheaper than FM The expense for internet distribution is highly variable and can easily grow larger than DAB and similar to FM
  • 22. • Current radio costs structure Is there case for Radio over 5G? 54%46% Distribution budget for technologies combined DAB Radio OpEx (best case) in M$ Internet Radio (realistic online listening) OpEx in M$ Depends on the amount listeners: (72M people listening 1.7 minutes per day) Depends on the area covered: (390k km2 broadcasting 24/7)
  • 23. • It’s important to define realistic 5G use cases for Radio  EBU Strategic Program on Radio has just began to start a work in this field  The intention is to be proactive now, in order to feed the requirements into the ongoing standardization and the regulatory process Is there case for Radio over 5G? EBU Strategic Program on Radio https://tech.ebu.ch/groups/radio
  • 24. • The coming of 5G is a fact • Radio will strongly need digital terrestrial broadcast in the future • Costs of massive distribution of linear radio directly over 5G are unaffordable for radio  Massive delivery of radio contents over 5G is an issue to be solved  A possible interoperability between DAB+ and 5G could be an option  FM is not an option for the long-term • Define 5G relevant use cases and requirements is strongly recommend  Radio must evolve while retaining its identity Conclusions
  • 25. Javier Sánchez Head of Strategy RTVE Innovation Center javier.sanchez.perez@rtve.es Thank you