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74 RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION
International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print) E-ISSN-2320-5482, July,2013 VOL-IV *ISSUE- 46
izLrkouk%
^eks{k^ ;g ,d ,Slk “kCn gS fd] ftldk v/;;u
izkphu dky ls mÙkj vk/kqfud dky rd pyk vk jgk gSA
dkykuq:i mlds vFkZ ds lanHkZ esa QdZ fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA eks{k
;g ,d ,Slh ?kVuk gS tks euq’; ds nSuafnu thou ls
lacaf/kr gSA izkphu dky esa eks{k dks izkIr djuk gh euq’; dk
,dek= y{k FkkA vkt ds lekt es Hkh eks{k dk vR;f/kd egRo
gS] ge mls fdl vFkZ esa ysrs gS mlds Åij cgqrdqN fuHkZj
djrk gSA eks{k dks ykSfdd rFkk vykSfdd nksuks vFkZ esa fy;k
tk ldrk gSA izkphu lekt eks{k dh vykSfddrk ij T;knk
tksj nsrk Fkk ijarq l|dkyhu fLFkfr es mlds ykSfdd vFkZ
ij T;knk tksj fn;k tk jgk gSA bl “kks/ki= es eSus eks{k ds
vFkZ dks ykSfdd ,o vykSfdd lanHkZ es lfe{kkRed :ies
izLrqr fd;k gSA
Hkkjrh; n'kZu esa eks{k ladYiuk %
izkphu Hkkjrh; lekt esa eks{k dks ,d iq:’kkFkZ vFkkZr
ekuoh ewY; ds :i esa ns[kk tkrk FkkA osnksa ls ysdj vkt rd
mls fdlh u fdlh :i esa ns[kk x;k gSA mlh le;ls gh euq’;
ds thou dks Hkh ykSfdd ,oa vykSfdd thou ds :i esa
foHkkthr fd;k x;k gSA vykSfdd thou dks Js’Brj rFkk
mPprj thou ekuk x;k gSA blfy, ml le; ds yksxksa us
ykSfdd thou ls T;knk vykSfdd thou dks gh egRo fn;k
gS ,oa mlh thou ds lq[kksa dks izkIr djus dk iz;kl fd;k
gSA blh voLFkk dks /;ku esa j[kdj gh /keZ] vFkZ] dke] rFkk
eks{k dks ekuoh thou ds ewY; ds :i esa ns[kk x;k gSA
mi;qZDr eqY;ksa esa /keZ] vFkZ] dke] ;s rhuksa euq’; ds
ykSfdd thou ls lacaf/kr gS rFkk eks{k dks ,Sls thou ls lacaf/kr
u ekurs gq, mUgksus vykSfdd thou ls lacaf/kr ekuk gSA eq>s
,Slk yxrk gS fd eks{k dk laca/k vykSfdd thou ls ftruk
gS mruk gh ykSfdd thou ls gS] ;g ckr ge eks{k dk vFkZ
fdl izdkj ysrs gS mlds mij fuHkZj djrh gSA blh ckr dks
eSus ;gk¡ izLrqr djus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA
eks{k ds vFkZ %& “kCndks”k ds vuqlkj eks{k ds dbZ vFkZ gSA
1&eks{k dk “kCn”k% vFkZ NqVdkjk ikuk gSA
2&eks{k ;kus nq%[k eqDr voLFkkA
3&fdlh dk;Z vFkok fpark ls NqVdkjk ikuk Hkh eks{k dgk x;k
gSA
July,2013
4&eks{k dk vFkZ gS tUe&ej.k ds pDdj ,oa nq%[kksa ls iw.kZ
NqVdkjkA
5&eks{k ;kus fujarj nq%[k eqfDr fd voLFkkA
mi;qZDr vFkksZ esa igys ds rhu vFkZ euq’; ds ykSfdd
(okLrfod) thou ls lacaf/kr gS rFkk vk[kjh nks vykSfdd
thou ls lacaf/kr gS] vFkkZr vykSfdd thou dk ekxZ ykSfdd
thoulsgh xqtjrk gSA Hkkjrh; fopkjdksa ds vuqlkj pkjksa
iq:’kkFkksZa /keZ] vFkZ dke vkSj eks{k) esa eks{k gh loZJs’B ,oa loksZPp
ekuk x;k gSA Hkkjrh; /keZ] vFkZ dke dh vis{kk eks{k dsa izfr
T;knk /;ku nsus ds dkj.k gh dHkh dHkh bl n”kZu dks ^eks{kn”kZu*
ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA bl ckr esa mruk rF; fn[kkbZ ugh
nsrk] D;ksafd iq:’kkFkZ esa euq’; dh lokZafx.k fodkl ij vf/kd
tksj fn;k gSA ;gk la{ksi es buij vyx vyx fopkj izLrqr
djuk t:jh gSA
ukfLrd n'kZu eks{k dh ladYiuk%
pkokZd]ckS),otSun”kZuukfLrdn”kZu(heterodox)
ds :i es tkus tkrs gSA eks{k ds lanHkZ es foospu Hkh ukfLrd
n”kZu fd;k x;k gS ijarq bu n”kZuksaus eks{k dks vius vius fopkj
ds vuqdwy ifjHkkf’kr djus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA laiw.kZ Hkkjrh;
n”kZu esa dsoy pkokZd gh ,d ,Slk n”kZu gS] fd ftl rjg
ckfd n”kZuksa us eks{k dks ifjHkkf’kr fd;k gS mlh rjg bUgksus
ugh fd;k gSA pkokZd ,d HkkSfrdoknh n”kZu gksus ds dkj.k
vkRek dh vejrk esa fo”okl ugh j[krk gSA vkRek dks u ekuus
ls LokHkkfodr% eks{k dks Hkh u ekuuk vk tkrk gSA bUgkasus e`R;q
dks gh eks{k ds :i esa ns[kk gSA e`R;q ds lkFk gh vkRek dk
Hkh uk”k gks tkrk gS] blfy, eks{k dk dksbZ vFkZgh ugh gSA
xkSre cq) ds fopkjks dk eq[; mÌs”k gh euq’; dks
nq%[k ls eqDr djkuk Fkk] blfy, mUgksaus lq[k pSu ds thou
dk R;kx dj nq%[k ds dkj.k “kks/k djuk “kq: fd;k vkSj blds
mÙkj ds :i es mUgksaus pkj vk;ZlR; ,oa vkB v’Vkax ekxZ
dk izfriknu fd;kA ckS) nk”kZfud eks{k dks fuokZ.k ds uke ls
iqdkjrs gSA bl n”kZu esa fuokZ.k ds dbZ vFkZ crk, x, gSA fuokZ.k
dk “kkfCnd vFkZ gS cq> tkukA nq%[k :ih vfXu dk cq> tkuk
gh fuokZ.k gSA dqN yksx bls thou:ih nhi dk cq> tkuk
crkrs gS] fdarq ;g vFkZ xyr izrhr gksrk gSA Lo;a egkRek cq)
eks{k izkIrh ds ckn Hkh vLlh o’kZ dh mez rd “kjhj /kkj.k djrs
gq, yksd dY;k.k ds dk;Z djrs jgsA (blls ;g izrhr gksrk
gS dh cq) dks eqfDr ds nks izdkj thoueqfDr rFkk fonsgeqfDr
75RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION
International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print) E-ISSN-2320-5482, July,2013 VOL-IV *ISSUE- 46
Lohdkj gS) fuokZ.kizkIr O;fDr dks tufgr ds fy, lnSo lfdz;
,oa rRij jguk iMrk gS vkSj ,Slk Lo;a cq) us fd;k Hkh gSA
fuokZ.k dk lkekU; vFkZ gS fd ;g ,d ,Slh voLFkk gS ftlesa
O;fDr tUe ej.k ds pdz ls eqDr gksdj nq%[kks ls NqVdkjk
izkIr dj ysrk gSA ;g voLFkk euq’; vk’Vkax ekxZ ds lgkjs
izkIr dj ldrk gSA
tSu n”kZu esa uhfrehekalk ds lkFk rRoehekalk ij
Hkh cgqr vf/kd tksj fn;k x;k gSA /keZ Hkh ^vKku* dks ca/ku
dk eq[; dkj.k ekurk gSA vKku ds dkj.k gh O;fDr ca/kuxzLr
gksdj nq%[k >syrk gS rFkk ca/ku dk u’V gksuk gh eks{k dgykrk
gSA bl voLFkk esa O;fDr tUe&ej.k ds ladV ls eqDr gksdj
nq%[kks ls iw.kZ NqVdkjk izkIr dj ysrk gSA bldh izkIrh ds fy,
tSuksaus f=jRuksa dk lgkjk fy;k gSA eks{k izkIrh ds ckn vkRek
viuh LokHkkohd fLFkfr esa vk tkrk gSA ;gk tSu ds fopkjks
vFkZ egkozr ds :i es u ysdj vuqozr ds :i ysus ls euq’;
dk nSuafnu thou lq[kdj cu tkrk gSA
vkfLrd n'kZuksa esa eks{k dh ladYiuk%
lka[; ,oa ;ksx n’kZu%
lka[; n”kZu ls ysdj osnkar rd lHkh n”kZuksa dks vkfLrd
(orthodox) n”kZu dgk tkrk gSA lka[;ksa ds vuqlkj iq:’k
izd`fr ls loZFkk fHkUu gSA vKkuo”k tc iq:’k vius dks izd`fr
ls vfHkUu le>us yxrk gS] rc og ca/ku esa QWaaal tkrk gS vkSj
mls vusd izdkj ds d’V >syus iMrs gSA ;nh iq:”k vius
dks izd`fr ls fHkUu le> ys rks og ca/ku ls gVdj nq%[kks ls
iw.kZ eqfDr izkIr dj ysrk gSA blds fy, ^foosdKku*
(Discriminating Knowledge) dh vko”;drk iMrh gSA
foosdKku ds }kjk euq’; dks tc eks{k feyrk gS rc mls f=fo/k
nq%[kksa ls (vk/;kfRed] vkf/kHkkSfrd] ,oa vkf/knSfod) NqVdkjk
feyrk gSA iq:’k eks{k voLFkk esa nq%[k ;k lq[k dh vuqHkwrh ugh
j[krkA lka[; n”kZu esa eks{k nks izdkj dk crk;k x;k gS&
thoUkeqfDr vkSj fonsgeqfDrA lka[;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk ;ksxn”kZu
Hkh vKku dks eks{k dkj.k crkrk gS D;ksafd vkRek vKku ds
dkj.k gh iq:’k izd`fr ,oa blds fodkjksa ls vius dks vfHkUu
eku ysrh gS] rc og ca/kuxzLr gksdj fofo/k izdkj ds d’V
>syrk jgrk gSA foosdKku gksus ij gh iq:’k vius dks izd`fr
ls loZFkk fHkUu le> ldrk gSA bls gh ^eks{k* dgk x;k gSA
euq’; ;ksx}kjk bl voLFkk dks izkIr dj ldrk gSA
U;k; oS'ksf"kd n'kZu%
U;k; n”kZu ds vuqlkj ^vkRek* “kjhj] eu ,oa bafnz;ksa
ls loZFkk fHkUu gSA vKku ds dkj.k tc vkRek “kjhj] eu ,o
bafnz;ksa dks viuk vax eku ysrh gS rc mls nq%[k >syuk iM
ldrk gSA ;gh ca/ku (Bondage) dh voLFkk gSA bl voLFkk
esa vkRek dks tUe&ej.k ds pDdj es Qaluk iMrk gSA vkRek
tc vius dks “kjhj eu ,oa bafnz;ks ds izHkko ls iw.kZr;k eqDr
dj ysrh gS rc mls eks{k dh izkIrh gksrh gSA bl voLFkk esa
nq%[kks ds lkFk lkFk lq[kksa dk Hkh var gks tkrk gSA eks{k dh
voLFkk esa vkRek dks lq[k ;k nq%[k dh dksbZ vuqHkwrh ugh gksrhA
uS;k;hd eks{k dks ^vioxZ^ ds uke ls iqdkjrs gSA vioxZ es
iqutZUe dk (Rebirth) dk var gks tkrk gS vkSj O;fDr lHkh
izdkj ds nq%[kks ls eqDr gks tkrk gSA vioxZ dh izkIrh ds fy,
U;k;n”kZu esa Jo.k] euu] vkSj fufn/;klu vkfn mik;ksa ij
tksj fn;k x;k gSA ;gkWa lq[k] nq%[k] /keZ] v/keZ vkfn dh dksbZ
psruk ugh jgrhA oS”ksf’kd Hkh Kku dks gh ca/ku dk ewydkj.k
,oa foosd dks eks{k dk lk/ku crkrs gSA nksuks gh eks{k dks thou
dk pje y{k ekurs gSA nksuks dsa vuqlkj gh eks{k nq%[kjfgr
voLFkk dk uke gSA
okLrfod ,oa vokLrfod (Real and Unreal) dk
varj le> ysus ij gh O;fDr ca/ku ls eqDr gks ldrk gSA ;g
rÙoKku }kjk gh laHko gSaA iwoZehekalk% ^deZ* gh euq’; dks
nq%[k ds leqanj ls ikj dj ldrk gS bl izdkj dh /kkj.kk
iwoZehekalk dh FkhA izkphu ehekald LoxZ (Heaven) dks gh
thou dk pje y{k ekurs FksA fdarq ckn ds ehekald eks{k dks
gh pje y{; ;k fu%Js;l~ ekuus yxsA ehekalk n”kZu deksZ dks
vR;f/kd egRoiw.kZ crkrk gSA v”kqHk dk;Z djus ls O;fDr
ca/kuxzLr gksrk gSA lq[k dh izkIrh ;k vU; bPNkvks dh r`Ir
ds fy, fd, x, deZ v”kqHk ;k vuqfpr dgs tkrs gSA bu deksZ
dks R;kxdj fu’dke deZ djds gh O;fDr ca/ku ls eqDr gks
ldrk gSA lq[k ds lkFk nq%[k vfuok;Z :i ls feyk jgrk gSA
;gh dkj.k gS fd lq[k ds fy, fd, x;s deZ nq%[k mRiUu
djrs gSA
iwoZtUe (Previous birth) ds laLdkjks ds dkj.k Hkh
ca/ku mRiUu gksrk gSA vkReKku ,oa fu’dke deZ /khjs /khjs lafpr
laLdkjksa dks u’V djds O;fDr dks iqutZUe ls NqVdkjk fnykrs
gSA ehekald pSrU;(Consciousness) dks vkRek dk vko”;d
xq.k ugh ekursA blfy, eks{k izkIr djus ij vkRek dks lq[k
;k nq%[k dh dksbZ psruk ugh jgrhA bl n”kZu es Hkh eks{k ds
fu’ks/kkRed i{k ij gh tksj fn;k x;k gSA
mÙkjehekalk%
mÙkjehekalk es ^Kku ekxZ* dks eks{k lk/ku ekuk x;k
gSA blh ds vk/kkj ij eks{k fo’k;d ladYiuk dk foospu
osnkafUr;ksa us fd;k gSA “kadj ds v}Sr osnkar ds vuqlkj vkRek
vkSj czã nksuks oLrqr% ,dgh gSA vKkuo”k O;fDr vkRek dks
“kjhj ;k bafnz; ls vfHkUu eku ysrk gS vkSj QyLo:i ca/kuxzLr
gksrk gSA vkRe Kku gh czãKku gSA tc vkRek vius dks czã
ds :i esa tku ysrh gS rc og ca/ku ls eqDr gks tkrh gSA
“kadj ds vuqlkj vkRek lnSo eqDr jgrh gSA vKku ds dkj.k
gh og viuk okLrfod Lo:i Hkwydj fofo/k nq%[kks dk f”kdkj
gksrh gSA eks{k dh izkIrh igys ls izkIr dh gqbZ oLrq dh iqu%
izkIrhek= gSA ;gkWa fdlh u;h oLrq dh izkIrh ugh gksrhA vius
Hkwys gq, Lo:i dks iqu% le> ysuk gh eks{kizkIrh gSA “kadj
Hkh lka[; dh Hkkafr eks{k ds nks izdkjksa dks Lohdkj djrs
gS&thoUkeqfDr vkSj fonsgeqfDrA “kadj bu nksuks ds leFkZd gSA

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  • 1. 74 RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print) E-ISSN-2320-5482, July,2013 VOL-IV *ISSUE- 46 izLrkouk% ^eks{k^ ;g ,d ,Slk “kCn gS fd] ftldk v/;;u izkphu dky ls mÙkj vk/kqfud dky rd pyk vk jgk gSA dkykuq:i mlds vFkZ ds lanHkZ esa QdZ fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA eks{k ;g ,d ,Slh ?kVuk gS tks euq’; ds nSuafnu thou ls lacaf/kr gSA izkphu dky esa eks{k dks izkIr djuk gh euq’; dk ,dek= y{k FkkA vkt ds lekt es Hkh eks{k dk vR;f/kd egRo gS] ge mls fdl vFkZ esa ysrs gS mlds Åij cgqrdqN fuHkZj djrk gSA eks{k dks ykSfdd rFkk vykSfdd nksuks vFkZ esa fy;k tk ldrk gSA izkphu lekt eks{k dh vykSfddrk ij T;knk tksj nsrk Fkk ijarq l|dkyhu fLFkfr es mlds ykSfdd vFkZ ij T;knk tksj fn;k tk jgk gSA bl “kks/ki= es eSus eks{k ds vFkZ dks ykSfdd ,o vykSfdd lanHkZ es lfe{kkRed :ies izLrqr fd;k gSA Hkkjrh; n'kZu esa eks{k ladYiuk % izkphu Hkkjrh; lekt esa eks{k dks ,d iq:’kkFkZ vFkkZr ekuoh ewY; ds :i esa ns[kk tkrk FkkA osnksa ls ysdj vkt rd mls fdlh u fdlh :i esa ns[kk x;k gSA mlh le;ls gh euq’; ds thou dks Hkh ykSfdd ,oa vykSfdd thou ds :i esa foHkkthr fd;k x;k gSA vykSfdd thou dks Js’Brj rFkk mPprj thou ekuk x;k gSA blfy, ml le; ds yksxksa us ykSfdd thou ls T;knk vykSfdd thou dks gh egRo fn;k gS ,oa mlh thou ds lq[kksa dks izkIr djus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA blh voLFkk dks /;ku esa j[kdj gh /keZ] vFkZ] dke] rFkk eks{k dks ekuoh thou ds ewY; ds :i esa ns[kk x;k gSA mi;qZDr eqY;ksa esa /keZ] vFkZ] dke] ;s rhuksa euq’; ds ykSfdd thou ls lacaf/kr gS rFkk eks{k dks ,Sls thou ls lacaf/kr u ekurs gq, mUgksus vykSfdd thou ls lacaf/kr ekuk gSA eq>s ,Slk yxrk gS fd eks{k dk laca/k vykSfdd thou ls ftruk gS mruk gh ykSfdd thou ls gS] ;g ckr ge eks{k dk vFkZ fdl izdkj ysrs gS mlds mij fuHkZj djrh gSA blh ckr dks eSus ;gk¡ izLrqr djus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA eks{k ds vFkZ %& “kCndks”k ds vuqlkj eks{k ds dbZ vFkZ gSA 1&eks{k dk “kCn”k% vFkZ NqVdkjk ikuk gSA 2&eks{k ;kus nq%[k eqDr voLFkkA 3&fdlh dk;Z vFkok fpark ls NqVdkjk ikuk Hkh eks{k dgk x;k gSA July,2013 4&eks{k dk vFkZ gS tUe&ej.k ds pDdj ,oa nq%[kksa ls iw.kZ NqVdkjkA 5&eks{k ;kus fujarj nq%[k eqfDr fd voLFkkA mi;qZDr vFkksZ esa igys ds rhu vFkZ euq’; ds ykSfdd (okLrfod) thou ls lacaf/kr gS rFkk vk[kjh nks vykSfdd thou ls lacaf/kr gS] vFkkZr vykSfdd thou dk ekxZ ykSfdd thoulsgh xqtjrk gSA Hkkjrh; fopkjdksa ds vuqlkj pkjksa iq:’kkFkksZa /keZ] vFkZ dke vkSj eks{k) esa eks{k gh loZJs’B ,oa loksZPp ekuk x;k gSA Hkkjrh; /keZ] vFkZ dke dh vis{kk eks{k dsa izfr T;knk /;ku nsus ds dkj.k gh dHkh dHkh bl n”kZu dks ^eks{kn”kZu* ds uke ls tkuk tkrk gSA bl ckr esa mruk rF; fn[kkbZ ugh nsrk] D;ksafd iq:’kkFkZ esa euq’; dh lokZafx.k fodkl ij vf/kd tksj fn;k gSA ;gk la{ksi es buij vyx vyx fopkj izLrqr djuk t:jh gSA ukfLrd n'kZu eks{k dh ladYiuk% pkokZd]ckS),otSun”kZuukfLrdn”kZu(heterodox) ds :i es tkus tkrs gSA eks{k ds lanHkZ es foospu Hkh ukfLrd n”kZu fd;k x;k gS ijarq bu n”kZuksaus eks{k dks vius vius fopkj ds vuqdwy ifjHkkf’kr djus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA laiw.kZ Hkkjrh; n”kZu esa dsoy pkokZd gh ,d ,Slk n”kZu gS] fd ftl rjg ckfd n”kZuksa us eks{k dks ifjHkkf’kr fd;k gS mlh rjg bUgksus ugh fd;k gSA pkokZd ,d HkkSfrdoknh n”kZu gksus ds dkj.k vkRek dh vejrk esa fo”okl ugh j[krk gSA vkRek dks u ekuus ls LokHkkfodr% eks{k dks Hkh u ekuuk vk tkrk gSA bUgkasus e`R;q dks gh eks{k ds :i esa ns[kk gSA e`R;q ds lkFk gh vkRek dk Hkh uk”k gks tkrk gS] blfy, eks{k dk dksbZ vFkZgh ugh gSA xkSre cq) ds fopkjks dk eq[; mÌs”k gh euq’; dks nq%[k ls eqDr djkuk Fkk] blfy, mUgksaus lq[k pSu ds thou dk R;kx dj nq%[k ds dkj.k “kks/k djuk “kq: fd;k vkSj blds mÙkj ds :i es mUgksaus pkj vk;ZlR; ,oa vkB v’Vkax ekxZ dk izfriknu fd;kA ckS) nk”kZfud eks{k dks fuokZ.k ds uke ls iqdkjrs gSA bl n”kZu esa fuokZ.k ds dbZ vFkZ crk, x, gSA fuokZ.k dk “kkfCnd vFkZ gS cq> tkukA nq%[k :ih vfXu dk cq> tkuk gh fuokZ.k gSA dqN yksx bls thou:ih nhi dk cq> tkuk crkrs gS] fdarq ;g vFkZ xyr izrhr gksrk gSA Lo;a egkRek cq) eks{k izkIrh ds ckn Hkh vLlh o’kZ dh mez rd “kjhj /kkj.k djrs gq, yksd dY;k.k ds dk;Z djrs jgsA (blls ;g izrhr gksrk gS dh cq) dks eqfDr ds nks izdkj thoueqfDr rFkk fonsgeqfDr
  • 2. 75RESEARCH ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION International Indexed & Refereed Research Journal, ISSN 0975-3486, (Print) E-ISSN-2320-5482, July,2013 VOL-IV *ISSUE- 46 Lohdkj gS) fuokZ.kizkIr O;fDr dks tufgr ds fy, lnSo lfdz; ,oa rRij jguk iMrk gS vkSj ,Slk Lo;a cq) us fd;k Hkh gSA fuokZ.k dk lkekU; vFkZ gS fd ;g ,d ,Slh voLFkk gS ftlesa O;fDr tUe ej.k ds pdz ls eqDr gksdj nq%[kks ls NqVdkjk izkIr dj ysrk gSA ;g voLFkk euq’; vk’Vkax ekxZ ds lgkjs izkIr dj ldrk gSA tSu n”kZu esa uhfrehekalk ds lkFk rRoehekalk ij Hkh cgqr vf/kd tksj fn;k x;k gSA /keZ Hkh ^vKku* dks ca/ku dk eq[; dkj.k ekurk gSA vKku ds dkj.k gh O;fDr ca/kuxzLr gksdj nq%[k >syrk gS rFkk ca/ku dk u’V gksuk gh eks{k dgykrk gSA bl voLFkk esa O;fDr tUe&ej.k ds ladV ls eqDr gksdj nq%[kks ls iw.kZ NqVdkjk izkIr dj ysrk gSA bldh izkIrh ds fy, tSuksaus f=jRuksa dk lgkjk fy;k gSA eks{k izkIrh ds ckn vkRek viuh LokHkkohd fLFkfr esa vk tkrk gSA ;gk tSu ds fopkjks vFkZ egkozr ds :i es u ysdj vuqozr ds :i ysus ls euq’; dk nSuafnu thou lq[kdj cu tkrk gSA vkfLrd n'kZuksa esa eks{k dh ladYiuk% lka[; ,oa ;ksx n’kZu% lka[; n”kZu ls ysdj osnkar rd lHkh n”kZuksa dks vkfLrd (orthodox) n”kZu dgk tkrk gSA lka[;ksa ds vuqlkj iq:’k izd`fr ls loZFkk fHkUu gSA vKkuo”k tc iq:’k vius dks izd`fr ls vfHkUu le>us yxrk gS] rc og ca/ku esa QWaaal tkrk gS vkSj mls vusd izdkj ds d’V >syus iMrs gSA ;nh iq:”k vius dks izd`fr ls fHkUu le> ys rks og ca/ku ls gVdj nq%[kks ls iw.kZ eqfDr izkIr dj ysrk gSA blds fy, ^foosdKku* (Discriminating Knowledge) dh vko”;drk iMrh gSA foosdKku ds }kjk euq’; dks tc eks{k feyrk gS rc mls f=fo/k nq%[kksa ls (vk/;kfRed] vkf/kHkkSfrd] ,oa vkf/knSfod) NqVdkjk feyrk gSA iq:’k eks{k voLFkk esa nq%[k ;k lq[k dh vuqHkwrh ugh j[krkA lka[; n”kZu esa eks{k nks izdkj dk crk;k x;k gS& thoUkeqfDr vkSj fonsgeqfDrA lka[;ksa ds lkFk&lkFk ;ksxn”kZu Hkh vKku dks eks{k dkj.k crkrk gS D;ksafd vkRek vKku ds dkj.k gh iq:’k izd`fr ,oa blds fodkjksa ls vius dks vfHkUu eku ysrh gS] rc og ca/kuxzLr gksdj fofo/k izdkj ds d’V >syrk jgrk gSA foosdKku gksus ij gh iq:’k vius dks izd`fr ls loZFkk fHkUu le> ldrk gSA bls gh ^eks{k* dgk x;k gSA euq’; ;ksx}kjk bl voLFkk dks izkIr dj ldrk gSA U;k; oS'ksf"kd n'kZu% U;k; n”kZu ds vuqlkj ^vkRek* “kjhj] eu ,oa bafnz;ksa ls loZFkk fHkUu gSA vKku ds dkj.k tc vkRek “kjhj] eu ,o bafnz;ksa dks viuk vax eku ysrh gS rc mls nq%[k >syuk iM ldrk gSA ;gh ca/ku (Bondage) dh voLFkk gSA bl voLFkk esa vkRek dks tUe&ej.k ds pDdj es Qaluk iMrk gSA vkRek tc vius dks “kjhj eu ,oa bafnz;ks ds izHkko ls iw.kZr;k eqDr dj ysrh gS rc mls eks{k dh izkIrh gksrh gSA bl voLFkk esa nq%[kks ds lkFk lkFk lq[kksa dk Hkh var gks tkrk gSA eks{k dh voLFkk esa vkRek dks lq[k ;k nq%[k dh dksbZ vuqHkwrh ugh gksrhA uS;k;hd eks{k dks ^vioxZ^ ds uke ls iqdkjrs gSA vioxZ es iqutZUe dk (Rebirth) dk var gks tkrk gS vkSj O;fDr lHkh izdkj ds nq%[kks ls eqDr gks tkrk gSA vioxZ dh izkIrh ds fy, U;k;n”kZu esa Jo.k] euu] vkSj fufn/;klu vkfn mik;ksa ij tksj fn;k x;k gSA ;gkWa lq[k] nq%[k] /keZ] v/keZ vkfn dh dksbZ psruk ugh jgrhA oS”ksf’kd Hkh Kku dks gh ca/ku dk ewydkj.k ,oa foosd dks eks{k dk lk/ku crkrs gSA nksuks gh eks{k dks thou dk pje y{k ekurs gSA nksuks dsa vuqlkj gh eks{k nq%[kjfgr voLFkk dk uke gSA okLrfod ,oa vokLrfod (Real and Unreal) dk varj le> ysus ij gh O;fDr ca/ku ls eqDr gks ldrk gSA ;g rÙoKku }kjk gh laHko gSaA iwoZehekalk% ^deZ* gh euq’; dks nq%[k ds leqanj ls ikj dj ldrk gS bl izdkj dh /kkj.kk iwoZehekalk dh FkhA izkphu ehekald LoxZ (Heaven) dks gh thou dk pje y{k ekurs FksA fdarq ckn ds ehekald eks{k dks gh pje y{; ;k fu%Js;l~ ekuus yxsA ehekalk n”kZu deksZ dks vR;f/kd egRoiw.kZ crkrk gSA v”kqHk dk;Z djus ls O;fDr ca/kuxzLr gksrk gSA lq[k dh izkIrh ;k vU; bPNkvks dh r`Ir ds fy, fd, x, deZ v”kqHk ;k vuqfpr dgs tkrs gSA bu deksZ dks R;kxdj fu’dke deZ djds gh O;fDr ca/ku ls eqDr gks ldrk gSA lq[k ds lkFk nq%[k vfuok;Z :i ls feyk jgrk gSA ;gh dkj.k gS fd lq[k ds fy, fd, x;s deZ nq%[k mRiUu djrs gSA iwoZtUe (Previous birth) ds laLdkjks ds dkj.k Hkh ca/ku mRiUu gksrk gSA vkReKku ,oa fu’dke deZ /khjs /khjs lafpr laLdkjksa dks u’V djds O;fDr dks iqutZUe ls NqVdkjk fnykrs gSA ehekald pSrU;(Consciousness) dks vkRek dk vko”;d xq.k ugh ekursA blfy, eks{k izkIr djus ij vkRek dks lq[k ;k nq%[k dh dksbZ psruk ugh jgrhA bl n”kZu es Hkh eks{k ds fu’ks/kkRed i{k ij gh tksj fn;k x;k gSA mÙkjehekalk% mÙkjehekalk es ^Kku ekxZ* dks eks{k lk/ku ekuk x;k gSA blh ds vk/kkj ij eks{k fo’k;d ladYiuk dk foospu osnkafUr;ksa us fd;k gSA “kadj ds v}Sr osnkar ds vuqlkj vkRek vkSj czã nksuks oLrqr% ,dgh gSA vKkuo”k O;fDr vkRek dks “kjhj ;k bafnz; ls vfHkUu eku ysrk gS vkSj QyLo:i ca/kuxzLr gksrk gSA vkRe Kku gh czãKku gSA tc vkRek vius dks czã ds :i esa tku ysrh gS rc og ca/ku ls eqDr gks tkrh gSA “kadj ds vuqlkj vkRek lnSo eqDr jgrh gSA vKku ds dkj.k gh og viuk okLrfod Lo:i Hkwydj fofo/k nq%[kks dk f”kdkj gksrh gSA eks{k dh izkIrh igys ls izkIr dh gqbZ oLrq dh iqu% izkIrhek= gSA ;gkWa fdlh u;h oLrq dh izkIrh ugh gksrhA vius Hkwys gq, Lo:i dks iqu% le> ysuk gh eks{kizkIrh gSA “kadj Hkh lka[; dh Hkkafr eks{k ds nks izdkjksa dks Lohdkj djrs gS&thoUkeqfDr vkSj fonsgeqfDrA “kadj bu nksuks ds leFkZd gSA