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Father God,
As we start this new day for new
learning, we ask for Your guidance.
Lead us all the way. May You let us see
through Your eyes, listen through Your
ears, and speak with Your Mouth.
Be with us as we explore the world.
Give us the heart to love and be kind to
one another. Please watch over all our
teachers, children, and families.
In Jesus’ name. Amen
Goo
d
Morn
ing
Welcome to our Online class!
Attendance
Online
Class Rules
Let us follow these rules to make learning
interesting and organized.
Be Prepared
Prepare your things on your desk before
the class starts.
Make sure you have your notebooks, books, and pencils
within your reach. So that you can easily follow and not
miss any information.
Be On Time
Wake up early.
Set the alarm before you go to sleep. Eat your
breakfast before joining the class.
Familiarize the terms
Make sure you know the online terms.
Listen attentively to your teacher. Always mute your
microphone and unmute if asked by the teacher.
Stay Focus
Remove distractions.
Stay focus on the lesson and avoid opening other tabs
and playing while attending the class.
Let’s
Answer the
Assignment!
Screenshot
your answer
and send it to
me.
EVALUATION:
MATCHING TYPE
EVALUATION:
MATCHING TYPE
c
e
b
d
a
EVALUATION:
MATCHING TYPE
EVALUATION:
MATCHING TYPE
c
e
d
a
b
review
yaRN?
START >
Easyhan lang ang pagtype 
________
ROUND 3
It is the white connective tissue
that dissolves or breaks down by
long, slow cooking with liquid.
Collagen
ROUND 3
It is the white connective tissue
that dissolves or breaks down by
long, slow cooking with liquid.
________
ROUND 3
Textured meat that has large fibers.
Course
ROUND 3
Textured meat that has large fibers.
________
ROUND 3
It is the main source of flavor in
meat.
Fat
ROUND 3
It is the main source of flavor in
meat.
________
ROUND 3
It is the 70% of muscle tissue.
Water
ROUND 3
It is the 70% of muscle tissue.
________
ROUND 3
It is the yellow connective tissue
and is not broken down in cooking.
Elastin
ROUND 3
It is the yellow connective tissue
and is not broken down in cooking.
AT ANG NAGWAGI
AY...
Thank you for playing! Talino nga yorn! CHAR!
Prepare and
Cook Meat:
Cook Meat
Cuts
QUARTER 4 Lesson 1 Learning
Outcome 2
• Identify and discuss
appropriate cooking
methods for meat cuts;
• Explain the effect of
heat on meat during
cooking
• Discuss factors
affecting the choice of
cooking methods in
meat.
OBJECTIVES:
Unlocking
of Terms
QUARTER 4 Lesson 1 Learning
Outcome 1
Searing
-is a cooking technique
that exposes ingredients
(typically meat) to a high
temperature to create a
crisp browning on the
outside.
Marinade
-is a liquid solution in
which you soak foods,
particularly meats,
before cooking.
Doneness
-is a gauge of how
thoroughly cooked a
cut of meat is based on
its color, juiciness, and
internal temperature.
Grosse Piece
vs
Entree
-A large joint of meat or
poultry, usually served as the
main dish with a meal.
Grosse Piece
- It is the main course, or
sometimes a dish before the
main course.
Entree
The main difference between
the main grosses pieces is that
the entries are cut up before
being cooked. They do not
require the same methods of
preparation as the grosses
pieces which are prepared in
single large pieces. It is,
therefore, not possible to group
the two types of dishes in
the same category.
Kinds of
Doneness of
Meat
-when pressed with a finger, the meat is
very soft with jelly like texture. If you order
your food rare, the central portion of the
meat will be a bright red color.
Rare
-when pressed with a finger, meat feels
springy and resistant. It should be warm
through the middle with most of the center
pink in color with a hint of red.
Medium Rare
-when pressed with a finger, meat feels firm
and there is a definite resistance. The center
of the meat will display a light pink color
with charred brown outsides.
Medium
-when pressed with a finger the meat feels
hard and rough. It is the “most cooked” and
it's fairly tough to chew through and has no
pink in the center.
Well Done
Nutrient
Content of
Meat
High-quality protein is the
major constituent of meat
after water, accounting for
about 20 percent of its weight.
Meat contains 7 grams of
protein per ounce.
Protein
Fat content can vary widely,
according to the grade of
meat and its cut.
Fat
Meat contains very little
carbohydrates, glycogen, found in
liver and muscle tissue is present
when the animal is alive, but the
glucose that makes up the glycogen is
broken down to lactic acid during and
after slaughter.
Carbohydrates
Meat is an excellent source of
certain B vitamins – thiamin (B.,
riboflavin (B2), pyridoxine (B6),
vitamin (B12) niacin, and some
folate. Niacin is obtained from
tryptophan, an amino acid
plentiful in meats and milk.
Vitamins
Meat is an excellent source of
iron, zinc, copper, phosphorous,
and a few other trace minerals.
Minerals
Safe Cooking Temperatures
for Various Meat
Market
Forms of
Meat
Fresh Meat
-meat that is recently slaughtered, has not
been preserved, frozen
Chilled Meat
-meat that is placed in chiller or slightly cold
Cured Meat
-meat preserved by salting, smoking or
aging.
Processed Meat
-meat preserved by chemical process.
Beef
Veal
Lamb
Pork
Marinades
3 Basic Components:
• The first, is an acid, such as lemon juice,
vinegar, yogurt, or wine. The acid is
important as it breaks down the meat
and tenderizes it.
• The second, is oil. This protects and
preserves the food while marinating and
also when it‘s being cooked.
• The third, is any herb and/or spice. This
is what gives a marinade its unique
flavor and zest.
Guidelines for Marinating:
• Meat and poultry are generally marinated
for 2 hours up to 2 days.
• Seafood and fish should be marinated for
no longer than one hour.
• Use a non-reactive container - steer clear
of aluminum, copper, or cast iron.
• Wait for your marinade to cool down
before pouring over the meat of your
choice.
• Always refrigerate your meat while it's
marinating.
• Never reuse marinades!
Types
Of
Marinades
Pineapple Marinade
This sweet, fruity marinade works great on any cut of pork or
chicken. What you get with this marinade is a great Hawaiian
Teriyaki flavor. Try this marinade when you are simply placing
cut strips of pork or chicken over rice. You can make extra
marinade to use as a sauce as long as you keep it separate
from the meat.
Porkchop Marinade
This is a great Asian-style marinade that works well on all cuts
of pork, particularly pork chops, reminiscent of a Teriyaki
marinade with a hint of heat from the chili sauce. You can, if
you like, heat this with some extra chili sauce or perhaps a pinch
of cayenne.
Jamaican Jerk Marinade
You've heard of Jerk seasonings and Jerk rubs, well this is a
jerk marinade that gets that jerk flavor deep into the meat. You
can use this marinade on all kinds of meat and poultry.
Pork Rib Marinade
BBQ Guru posted this marinade recipe to the forum. It uses a
pork rub for the seasoning with vinegar and water to turn it into
a marinade.
Teriyaki Marinade
Want to get that great Teriyaki flavor into your favorite dish?
This marinade will surely add flavor to whatever you're grilling.
This marinade works particularly well with pork and poultry.
Bourbon Marinade
This is a great, sweet bourbon marinade that works perfectly
on any food. This is a mild marinade so you will want several
hours marinating time with it before you grill.
Mustard-Vinegar Marinade
This is a simple mustard marinade that tenderizes and adds
flavor. It works well on pork or poultry.
Effects of
Heat to
Meat
1. It tenderizes connective tissue if moisture is
present and cooking is slow.
2. It coagulates protein. Even meats low in
connective tissue can be tough and dry if
cooked at excessively high heats for too long.
3. High heat toughens and shrinks protein and
results in excessive moisture lost.
4. Roasts cooked at low temperature shrink
less and loss less moisture.
5 Moist heat penetrates meat quickly. To
avoid over cooking, meat should be
simmered, never boiled.
Methods
of Cooking
Meat
Methods of
Cooking Meat:
• Dry heat cooking, such as
roasting, broiling, or sautéing.
• Moist heat cooking, like
braising, steaming, or
poaching.
Choosing the Right Cooking
Technique
Using the appropriate cooking method for the type of
food being prepared is a major part of the culinary arts.
Tough cuts of meat like beef brisket or lamb shank need
to be simmered, at low heat, for a long time, and with
plenty of moisture. Prepared properly, these cuts can be
incredibly tender and delicious. On the other hand, dry-
heat methods typically involve very high temperatures
and short cooking times. A piece of brisket cooked
this way — on a grill, let's say would be tough, chewy, and
largely inedible. Interestingly enough, a
beef tenderloin steak cooked using a slow, moist-heat
method such as braising would also turn out tough,
chewy, and inedible.
Dry heat cooking
Dry heat cooking refers to any
cooking technique where the heat
is transferred to the food item
without using any moisture. Dry-
heat cooking typically involves
high heat, with temperatures
of 300°F or hotter.
Dry heat cooking
Baking or roasting in an oven is
a dry heat method because it
uses hot air to conduct the
heat. Pan-searing a steak is
considered dry-heat cooking
because the heat transfer takes
place through the hot metal of
the pan.
Dry heat cooking
Note: The browning of food
(including the process by which
meat is browned, called the
Maillard reaction) can only be
achieved through dry-heat
cooking. Examples of dry-heat
methods include:
Roasting & Baking
Forms of dry-heat cooking that
use hot, dry air to cook food
roasting and baking. Like other
dry-heat cooking methods,
roasting and baking brown the
surface of the food, which in
turn develops complex flavors
and aromas.
Roasting & Baking
Both words describe a method of
cooking an item by enveloping it
in hot, dry air, generally inside an
oven and at temperatures of at
least 300°F and often much
hotter. A convection oven, which
circulates hot air throughout the
oven, can enhance the browning
reaction.
Grilling & Broiling
Dry-heat cooking methods that rely on
heat being conducted through the air
from an open flame are grilling and
broiling. This type of cooking produces
browning reactions on the surface of the
food, thus encouraging the development
of complex flavors and aromas. Grilling
cooks hot and fast, because air is a poor
conductor of heat. Broiling and grilling
require the food to be quite close to the
heat source, which in this case, is likely
to be an open flame.
Sautéing & Pan-Frying
Sautéing is a form of dry-heat
cooking that uses a very hot pan
and a small amount of fat to
cook the food very quickly. Like
other dry heat cooking methods,
sautéing browns the food's
surface as it cooks and develops
complex flavors and aromas.
Sautéing requires a very hot pan.
Sautéing & Pan-Frying
When sautéing, it's important to
heat the pan for a minute, then
add a small amount of fat and let
it get hot as well, before adding
the food to the pan. This hot fat
helps brown the surface of the
food. Another key is to avoid
overloading or overcrowding the
pan.
Deep-Frying
Since deep-frying involves
submerging food in hot, liquid fat,
it might take some time to get used
to the idea that it's a form of dry-
heat cooking. But if you've ever
seen the violent reaction of hot oil
to even a tiny drop of water, you
know that oil and water are a
couple of opposites that have
nothing to do with each other.
Moist heat cooking
Moist heat cooking methods include
any technique that involves cooking
with moisture — whether it's steam,
water, stock, wine or some other
liquid. Cooking temperatures are
much lower, anywhere from 140°F
to a maximum of 212°F, because
water doesn't get any hotter than
that. Examples of moist-heat cooking
methods include:
Simmering
With simmering, the cooking liquid is a bit
hotter than poaching from 180°F to 205°F.
Here we will see bubbles forming and
gently rising to the surface of the water,
but the water still isn't at a full rolling boil.
Because it surrounds the food in water
that maintains a more or less constant
temperature, simmering cooks food very
evenly. It's an excellent choice for culinary
preparations including stocks or soups,
starchy items such as potatoes or pastas,
and many others.
Boiling
The hottest of these three stages is
boiling, where the water reaches
its highest possible temperature of
212°F. It's actually the least likely of
the three to be used for cooking.
That's because the violent
agitation caused by the rolling boil
can be too rough on food and will
often damage it.
Boiling
Water at a full boil would be a bad
choice for cooking an egg outside
its shell, as we do when preparing
poached eggs because the
agitation would cause the egg to
fall apart. The same holds for
delicate fish as well as some
pastas.
Steaming
Steaming is a moist-heat cooking
technique that employs hot steam
to conduct the heat to the food
item. Steaming can be done on a
stovetop, with a pot containing a
small amount of liquid that is
brought to a simmer. The item to be
cooked is then placed in a basket
suspended above the liquid and the
pot covered.
Braising & Stewing
Braising is a form of moist-heat
cooking in which the item to be
cooked is partially covered with
liquid and then simmered at a low
temperature. Though it can be done
on the stovetop, braising is best
done in the oven, because the heat
fully surrounds the pot and causes
the food to cook more evenly than
if it were only heated from below.
Begin by Searing
Because moist heat does not permit
the various browning reactions
that dry heat produces, giving
cooked meats the brown, outer
crust that also helps to develop
complex flavors and aromas, it's
customary to sear meat in a pan
with a small amount of hot fat
before braising it. This step helps to
develop flavors as well as making
the meat more appealing visually.
How Braising Works
Braising is a good choice of cooking
method for cuts of meat that are
tougher or from older animals. The
connective tissues that are more
prevalent in cuts like this, and which
can make meats tough and chewy
when improperly cooked, are slowly
dissolved through long, slow
application of moist heat. So you
end up with a tender piece of meat.
Factors Affecting
Choice of
Cooking
Methods in Meat
Cuts of meat
• Tender cuts like ribs and loin cuts are used for
roasting, broiling, and grilling
• Less tender cuts from the leg or round are used for
braising
• Tougher cuts from chuck or shoulder are usually
braced
• Least tender cuts from shanks, breast, brisket, and
flank are cooked by moist heat.
• Ground meat and cubed usually made from trimmings
can be cooked by dry heat or moist heat.
Fat Content
• Meats high in fat are cooked without added fat, such
as roasting or broiling
• Meats low in fat are often cooked with added fat to
prevent dryness, like sautéing, pan frying or braising.
Desired quality
• Tenderness is not the only goal of cooking. To develop
flavor and appearance is also one of the objectives to
get the desired quality.
Let Us Remember
Meats are the parts of animals that
are used as food.
Knives are the most important tool
in the kitchen.
Let Us Remember
Fresh meat spoils quickly, so it
must be stored immediately.
Generalization
•
FOLLOW UP ASSIGNMENT:
See you next time!
If you need anything, please don't hesitate to contact me.
Consultation Hours:
Anytime of the day! Chariz!

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4th QT WEEK 2 Cook Meat Cuts part 2.pptx

  • 1.
  • 2. Father God, As we start this new day for new learning, we ask for Your guidance. Lead us all the way. May You let us see through Your eyes, listen through Your ears, and speak with Your Mouth. Be with us as we explore the world. Give us the heart to love and be kind to one another. Please watch over all our teachers, children, and families. In Jesus’ name. Amen
  • 4. Welcome to our Online class!
  • 6. Online Class Rules Let us follow these rules to make learning interesting and organized.
  • 7. Be Prepared Prepare your things on your desk before the class starts. Make sure you have your notebooks, books, and pencils within your reach. So that you can easily follow and not miss any information.
  • 8. Be On Time Wake up early. Set the alarm before you go to sleep. Eat your breakfast before joining the class.
  • 9. Familiarize the terms Make sure you know the online terms. Listen attentively to your teacher. Always mute your microphone and unmute if asked by the teacher.
  • 10. Stay Focus Remove distractions. Stay focus on the lesson and avoid opening other tabs and playing while attending the class.
  • 18. ________ ROUND 3 It is the white connective tissue that dissolves or breaks down by long, slow cooking with liquid.
  • 19. Collagen ROUND 3 It is the white connective tissue that dissolves or breaks down by long, slow cooking with liquid.
  • 20. ________ ROUND 3 Textured meat that has large fibers.
  • 21. Course ROUND 3 Textured meat that has large fibers.
  • 22. ________ ROUND 3 It is the main source of flavor in meat.
  • 23. Fat ROUND 3 It is the main source of flavor in meat.
  • 24. ________ ROUND 3 It is the 70% of muscle tissue.
  • 25. Water ROUND 3 It is the 70% of muscle tissue.
  • 26. ________ ROUND 3 It is the yellow connective tissue and is not broken down in cooking.
  • 27. Elastin ROUND 3 It is the yellow connective tissue and is not broken down in cooking.
  • 28. AT ANG NAGWAGI AY... Thank you for playing! Talino nga yorn! CHAR!
  • 29. Prepare and Cook Meat: Cook Meat Cuts QUARTER 4 Lesson 1 Learning Outcome 2
  • 30. • Identify and discuss appropriate cooking methods for meat cuts; • Explain the effect of heat on meat during cooking • Discuss factors affecting the choice of cooking methods in meat. OBJECTIVES:
  • 31. Unlocking of Terms QUARTER 4 Lesson 1 Learning Outcome 1
  • 32. Searing -is a cooking technique that exposes ingredients (typically meat) to a high temperature to create a crisp browning on the outside.
  • 33. Marinade -is a liquid solution in which you soak foods, particularly meats, before cooking.
  • 34. Doneness -is a gauge of how thoroughly cooked a cut of meat is based on its color, juiciness, and internal temperature.
  • 36. -A large joint of meat or poultry, usually served as the main dish with a meal. Grosse Piece
  • 37. - It is the main course, or sometimes a dish before the main course. Entree
  • 38. The main difference between the main grosses pieces is that the entries are cut up before being cooked. They do not require the same methods of preparation as the grosses pieces which are prepared in single large pieces. It is, therefore, not possible to group the two types of dishes in the same category.
  • 40. -when pressed with a finger, the meat is very soft with jelly like texture. If you order your food rare, the central portion of the meat will be a bright red color. Rare
  • 41. -when pressed with a finger, meat feels springy and resistant. It should be warm through the middle with most of the center pink in color with a hint of red. Medium Rare
  • 42. -when pressed with a finger, meat feels firm and there is a definite resistance. The center of the meat will display a light pink color with charred brown outsides. Medium
  • 43. -when pressed with a finger the meat feels hard and rough. It is the “most cooked” and it's fairly tough to chew through and has no pink in the center. Well Done
  • 45. High-quality protein is the major constituent of meat after water, accounting for about 20 percent of its weight. Meat contains 7 grams of protein per ounce. Protein
  • 46. Fat content can vary widely, according to the grade of meat and its cut. Fat
  • 47. Meat contains very little carbohydrates, glycogen, found in liver and muscle tissue is present when the animal is alive, but the glucose that makes up the glycogen is broken down to lactic acid during and after slaughter. Carbohydrates
  • 48. Meat is an excellent source of certain B vitamins – thiamin (B., riboflavin (B2), pyridoxine (B6), vitamin (B12) niacin, and some folate. Niacin is obtained from tryptophan, an amino acid plentiful in meats and milk. Vitamins
  • 49. Meat is an excellent source of iron, zinc, copper, phosphorous, and a few other trace minerals. Minerals
  • 52. Fresh Meat -meat that is recently slaughtered, has not been preserved, frozen
  • 53. Chilled Meat -meat that is placed in chiller or slightly cold
  • 54. Cured Meat -meat preserved by salting, smoking or aging.
  • 55. Processed Meat -meat preserved by chemical process.
  • 56.
  • 57. Beef
  • 58. Veal
  • 59. Lamb
  • 60. Pork
  • 62. 3 Basic Components: • The first, is an acid, such as lemon juice, vinegar, yogurt, or wine. The acid is important as it breaks down the meat and tenderizes it. • The second, is oil. This protects and preserves the food while marinating and also when it‘s being cooked. • The third, is any herb and/or spice. This is what gives a marinade its unique flavor and zest.
  • 63. Guidelines for Marinating: • Meat and poultry are generally marinated for 2 hours up to 2 days. • Seafood and fish should be marinated for no longer than one hour. • Use a non-reactive container - steer clear of aluminum, copper, or cast iron. • Wait for your marinade to cool down before pouring over the meat of your choice. • Always refrigerate your meat while it's marinating. • Never reuse marinades!
  • 65. Pineapple Marinade This sweet, fruity marinade works great on any cut of pork or chicken. What you get with this marinade is a great Hawaiian Teriyaki flavor. Try this marinade when you are simply placing cut strips of pork or chicken over rice. You can make extra marinade to use as a sauce as long as you keep it separate from the meat.
  • 66. Porkchop Marinade This is a great Asian-style marinade that works well on all cuts of pork, particularly pork chops, reminiscent of a Teriyaki marinade with a hint of heat from the chili sauce. You can, if you like, heat this with some extra chili sauce or perhaps a pinch of cayenne.
  • 67. Jamaican Jerk Marinade You've heard of Jerk seasonings and Jerk rubs, well this is a jerk marinade that gets that jerk flavor deep into the meat. You can use this marinade on all kinds of meat and poultry.
  • 68. Pork Rib Marinade BBQ Guru posted this marinade recipe to the forum. It uses a pork rub for the seasoning with vinegar and water to turn it into a marinade.
  • 69. Teriyaki Marinade Want to get that great Teriyaki flavor into your favorite dish? This marinade will surely add flavor to whatever you're grilling. This marinade works particularly well with pork and poultry.
  • 70. Bourbon Marinade This is a great, sweet bourbon marinade that works perfectly on any food. This is a mild marinade so you will want several hours marinating time with it before you grill.
  • 71. Mustard-Vinegar Marinade This is a simple mustard marinade that tenderizes and adds flavor. It works well on pork or poultry.
  • 73. 1. It tenderizes connective tissue if moisture is present and cooking is slow.
  • 74. 2. It coagulates protein. Even meats low in connective tissue can be tough and dry if cooked at excessively high heats for too long.
  • 75. 3. High heat toughens and shrinks protein and results in excessive moisture lost.
  • 76. 4. Roasts cooked at low temperature shrink less and loss less moisture.
  • 77. 5 Moist heat penetrates meat quickly. To avoid over cooking, meat should be simmered, never boiled.
  • 79. Methods of Cooking Meat: • Dry heat cooking, such as roasting, broiling, or sautéing. • Moist heat cooking, like braising, steaming, or poaching.
  • 80. Choosing the Right Cooking Technique Using the appropriate cooking method for the type of food being prepared is a major part of the culinary arts. Tough cuts of meat like beef brisket or lamb shank need to be simmered, at low heat, for a long time, and with plenty of moisture. Prepared properly, these cuts can be incredibly tender and delicious. On the other hand, dry- heat methods typically involve very high temperatures and short cooking times. A piece of brisket cooked this way — on a grill, let's say would be tough, chewy, and largely inedible. Interestingly enough, a beef tenderloin steak cooked using a slow, moist-heat method such as braising would also turn out tough, chewy, and inedible.
  • 81. Dry heat cooking Dry heat cooking refers to any cooking technique where the heat is transferred to the food item without using any moisture. Dry- heat cooking typically involves high heat, with temperatures of 300°F or hotter.
  • 82. Dry heat cooking Baking or roasting in an oven is a dry heat method because it uses hot air to conduct the heat. Pan-searing a steak is considered dry-heat cooking because the heat transfer takes place through the hot metal of the pan.
  • 83. Dry heat cooking Note: The browning of food (including the process by which meat is browned, called the Maillard reaction) can only be achieved through dry-heat cooking. Examples of dry-heat methods include:
  • 84. Roasting & Baking Forms of dry-heat cooking that use hot, dry air to cook food roasting and baking. Like other dry-heat cooking methods, roasting and baking brown the surface of the food, which in turn develops complex flavors and aromas.
  • 85. Roasting & Baking Both words describe a method of cooking an item by enveloping it in hot, dry air, generally inside an oven and at temperatures of at least 300°F and often much hotter. A convection oven, which circulates hot air throughout the oven, can enhance the browning reaction.
  • 86. Grilling & Broiling Dry-heat cooking methods that rely on heat being conducted through the air from an open flame are grilling and broiling. This type of cooking produces browning reactions on the surface of the food, thus encouraging the development of complex flavors and aromas. Grilling cooks hot and fast, because air is a poor conductor of heat. Broiling and grilling require the food to be quite close to the heat source, which in this case, is likely to be an open flame.
  • 87. Sautéing & Pan-Frying Sautéing is a form of dry-heat cooking that uses a very hot pan and a small amount of fat to cook the food very quickly. Like other dry heat cooking methods, sautéing browns the food's surface as it cooks and develops complex flavors and aromas. Sautéing requires a very hot pan.
  • 88. Sautéing & Pan-Frying When sautéing, it's important to heat the pan for a minute, then add a small amount of fat and let it get hot as well, before adding the food to the pan. This hot fat helps brown the surface of the food. Another key is to avoid overloading or overcrowding the pan.
  • 89. Deep-Frying Since deep-frying involves submerging food in hot, liquid fat, it might take some time to get used to the idea that it's a form of dry- heat cooking. But if you've ever seen the violent reaction of hot oil to even a tiny drop of water, you know that oil and water are a couple of opposites that have nothing to do with each other.
  • 90. Moist heat cooking Moist heat cooking methods include any technique that involves cooking with moisture — whether it's steam, water, stock, wine or some other liquid. Cooking temperatures are much lower, anywhere from 140°F to a maximum of 212°F, because water doesn't get any hotter than that. Examples of moist-heat cooking methods include:
  • 91. Simmering With simmering, the cooking liquid is a bit hotter than poaching from 180°F to 205°F. Here we will see bubbles forming and gently rising to the surface of the water, but the water still isn't at a full rolling boil. Because it surrounds the food in water that maintains a more or less constant temperature, simmering cooks food very evenly. It's an excellent choice for culinary preparations including stocks or soups, starchy items such as potatoes or pastas, and many others.
  • 92. Boiling The hottest of these three stages is boiling, where the water reaches its highest possible temperature of 212°F. It's actually the least likely of the three to be used for cooking. That's because the violent agitation caused by the rolling boil can be too rough on food and will often damage it.
  • 93. Boiling Water at a full boil would be a bad choice for cooking an egg outside its shell, as we do when preparing poached eggs because the agitation would cause the egg to fall apart. The same holds for delicate fish as well as some pastas.
  • 94. Steaming Steaming is a moist-heat cooking technique that employs hot steam to conduct the heat to the food item. Steaming can be done on a stovetop, with a pot containing a small amount of liquid that is brought to a simmer. The item to be cooked is then placed in a basket suspended above the liquid and the pot covered.
  • 95. Braising & Stewing Braising is a form of moist-heat cooking in which the item to be cooked is partially covered with liquid and then simmered at a low temperature. Though it can be done on the stovetop, braising is best done in the oven, because the heat fully surrounds the pot and causes the food to cook more evenly than if it were only heated from below.
  • 96. Begin by Searing Because moist heat does not permit the various browning reactions that dry heat produces, giving cooked meats the brown, outer crust that also helps to develop complex flavors and aromas, it's customary to sear meat in a pan with a small amount of hot fat before braising it. This step helps to develop flavors as well as making the meat more appealing visually.
  • 97. How Braising Works Braising is a good choice of cooking method for cuts of meat that are tougher or from older animals. The connective tissues that are more prevalent in cuts like this, and which can make meats tough and chewy when improperly cooked, are slowly dissolved through long, slow application of moist heat. So you end up with a tender piece of meat.
  • 99. Cuts of meat • Tender cuts like ribs and loin cuts are used for roasting, broiling, and grilling • Less tender cuts from the leg or round are used for braising • Tougher cuts from chuck or shoulder are usually braced • Least tender cuts from shanks, breast, brisket, and flank are cooked by moist heat. • Ground meat and cubed usually made from trimmings can be cooked by dry heat or moist heat.
  • 100. Fat Content • Meats high in fat are cooked without added fat, such as roasting or broiling • Meats low in fat are often cooked with added fat to prevent dryness, like sautéing, pan frying or braising.
  • 101. Desired quality • Tenderness is not the only goal of cooking. To develop flavor and appearance is also one of the objectives to get the desired quality.
  • 102. Let Us Remember Meats are the parts of animals that are used as food. Knives are the most important tool in the kitchen.
  • 103. Let Us Remember Fresh meat spoils quickly, so it must be stored immediately.
  • 106.
  • 107. See you next time! If you need anything, please don't hesitate to contact me. Consultation Hours: Anytime of the day! Chariz!