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BBK 81.2POC- 922
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15http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
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17http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
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u
3H-MHHH.
Ilo~6epH HeCKOJI.bKO CJIOB H paa~eJIH HX Ha CJIOrH.
54.IIpo'fmTail, aanumu.
28
- ra-ra-ra! - XBaJIHJICSI rycb,-
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- MoJio~e~! KoHe~Ho, MHoro:
0AHHaROBbiX TPH cJI6ra.
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55. CocTaBb npe,zviOmeHHe, aanHmH.
Bepeaa, JIHCTBOH, y pytthH, cTapas, myMHT.
ilpO't!HTaH, paCTHrHBaH CJIQBa IIO CJIOraM.
llocTaBL BonpocLI oT o~Horo cJioBa npe~JiomeHHH K ~pyroMy, aa-
nHmH cJioBa nonapHo.
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Ky, npo't!HTaii npHMepbi Ha 3TH npaBHJia. CnHmH, paa~eJIHH cJio-
Ba 'tlepTO't!KaMH Ha 'tlaCTH ~JIH nepeHOCa.
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3. KoHh-KH, Maii-Ka, paa'h-exa-JIHCb, rrJia-TbH-MH.
4. "t{a-CTO H ttaC-TO, pe-3HH-Ka H pe-3H-HKa.
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Bb16epH: a) nepBOe H BTOpoe; 6) BTOpoe H TpeTLe; B) TpeTbe H 'tleT-
BepTOe.
Moe-ro, MO-H, 0-BaJI, CBe-KJia, CBeK-Jia, o6'b-HCHH.
58.PacCMOTpH pHCYHKH, npO't!HTaH TeKCT HaC. 30.
29http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
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CTO npeBpaTHTh OBaJI B D;hiiiJieHKa HJIH IIOpOCeHKa. llo-
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HHe. llo,n;yMaH, BOliTO em;e MOjKHO npeBpaTHTb OBaJI.
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M HanMcaHMe cnoaa.
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C IIOMOIII;biO mHBbiX 3BYKOB?
32
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HhiX u BonpocHTeJihHhiX npe!J.Jio.meuuii. HaiiAH ux, aanumu.
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lQj JiaM npOH3HOmeHHJI.
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35http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
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36
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37http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
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38
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39http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
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40
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41http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
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42
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43http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
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4 русск яз_гудзик_2004_рус

  • 2. BBK 81.2POC- 922 rga PeKoMeHiJoeaHo MuHucmepcmeoM o6pa3oeaHIU' u HayKu YKpauH&t (llHCbMO MHHHCTepcTBa o6paaosaHH.K H uayKH YJ<paHHbi M 1/ 12- 5235 OT 25.12.2003) M:JA&Ho sa C'feT rocyA&pcTB&HHWX cp&ACTa. OPQAuca aanpe~.qeHa. Xy~omHHK H. H. Anopeu11-en"o YCJIOBHbiE OB03HA't!EHHH •• - BCTaBL npony~.qeHHYIO 6yKBY ? - BCTaBb 6yKBY, eCJlll HMO ••• - BCTaBb npon~eHHOe CJIOBO D - TeKCT AJISI cnywaaHH C - AOnOJIHHTeJibaoe aMaHHe - MaTepHaJI 0 H3biKe H peqH D - aanoMHH npaBHJIO ~ - ynpB.jKHeHHH, COAepma~He CBeAeHHH 0 H3biKe H peqH CJ- aanOMHH HanHCaHHe H npOH3HOIIleHHe CJIOB - AOMalliHee 3MaHHe l'y,ll3HK H. cl». r93 PycCKHH ~3hiK: Y"'e6. ~JI~ 4 KJI. o6~eo6pa30B8T. yqe6. 38Be~eauii c YKP· ~a. o6yqeau~. - K.: OcsiTa, 2004.- 159 c. ISBN 966-04-0317-8 - ISBN 966-04-0317-8 BBK 81.2POC-922 ©I. II. fyA3HK, 2004 @ BH,D;8.BHHI(TBo •OcsiTa•, XYAOmHe <><PopMJieHH.K,2004 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 3. OnpeAenHeM TeMy, OCHOBHYIO MbiCnb TeKCTa (TeMy, ronOBHY AYMKY TeKCTY) . "'MT8eM Bblp83MTenbHO 1.IIpOTIHTaH CTHXOTBOpeHHe MOJITia. OceHHHe IITHD;bl JieT.R:T aa OKHOM, lf KHHmeK CTpaHHD;bl HM MamyT KpbiJIOM. IIOXOmH HeMHOmetiKO CTaH CTpaHHD; Ha Tex yJieTaiO~Hx IITHn;. HM MopeM aaKaTa ropHT rroJioca, BeTpa H~yBaiOT CTpaHHn; rrapyca, JleTHT 110 BOJIHaM 6eJIOIIapyCHbiH 6pHr K 3eMJie HerrpotiHTaHHbiX KHHr. Bo.nbm Cyc.noe llpH,ZJ;yMaH HR3BRHHe K CTHXOTBOpeHHIO. 2.IIO,ZJ;rOTOB:bCH K TITeHHIO CTHXOTBOpeHHH B. CycJIOBa (ynp. 1) BCJIYX. , oceHHHe ~ [a] KHHr (K] 3http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 4. 4 , aa OKHOM [a] ropHT [a] , JieTHT (H] K aeMne (H] 6pur (K] CycnoB [tl>] nox6mH IJpOliHTaH CTHXOTBOpeBHe BCJiyX. HaH~H npe~JIO>KeHHe, B KOTO- pOM l{TO-TO C lleM-TO cpaBHHJIH. IJoHpaBHJIOCb JIH Te6e ·aTO cpaBHe- BHe? CnHmH npe~JiomeaHe co cpasaeHHeM. 3.IJpOliHTaH. rpyCTHO npo~aTbCH C JieTOM, C KaHHKyJiaMH. 3aTO KaK XOpomo BCeM BMeCTe OllHTb C06paTbCH B illKOJie! 'YpOK e~e He HallaJICH, H B KJiacce CTOHT BeCeJibiH ryJI. Hama yquTeJibHHn;a c ynbl6KoH CMOTPHT Ha Hac. MLr pa,D;hl, liTO CHOBa BMeCTe. .. em;e 0 lleM aToT TeKcT? KB.KHe llyscTBa s aeM sblpameHbi? 06paTH BHHMaBHe Ba TO, liTO TeKCT COCTOHT H3 HeCKOJibKHX npe~JIO­ meHHH. COCliHTaH, CKOJihKO HX. KB.KHe 3HB.KH CTOHT B KOHD;e npe~JiomeaHii? KB.Koe npe~Jiomeaue caM:oe ~JIHHHoe? Bse~H B caMoe KopoTKoe npe~JiomeHHe O~HO-~Ba CJIOBa. 4.lf3 TeKCTa CTHXOTBOpeHHH ynp. 1 BbiUHWH no ~Ba CJIOBa C 6yKBa- MH W, U, e. 5.IJpOliHTaH, liTO paCCKa3aJI l!eTBepOKJiaCCHHK, KOTOpbiH no6biBaJI s KapnaTax s rocTHX y ~e~ymKH. QEHTP EBPOllbl EBpona - aTo HaaBaHue TOH 'tlaCTH 3eMJIH, r,n;e Mhi C BaMH mHBeM. EBpona 60JibWaH: OHa THHeTCH OT ,n;ane- KOH IIopTyraJIHH, liTO y caMoro ATJiaHTHllecKoro oKea- Ha, ,n;o 'YpaJibCKHX rop B PoccHH. A r,n;e Haxo,n;HTCH 'YKpaHHa? 0KaabiBaeTCH, B n;eHTpe EBponhl. EcTb B 3aKapnaTCKOH o6nacTH, Boane ropo,n;a Pa- xoBa, liTO B KapnaTax, o,n;Ho npHMellaTeJibHOe MecTo. , CliHTaeTcH, liTO aTo n;eHTP EBponhl: ·B KaKYIO cTopoHy HH ..OTnpaBHWbCH- ,D;O ee rpaHHD; O,D;HHaKOBOe paCCTOHHHe. XoTb ,n;o IIopTyraJIHH - XOTb ,n;o 'Ypana; xOTh ,n;o HopBe- rHH - xoTh ,n;o Cpe,n;uaeMHoro MOp.H. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 5. 9Ta TO'IKa - :n;eHTP EBporrhl - Haxo~HTCJI Ha Kpac:H- BOH ropHOH ~opore, KoTopaJI H~eT B,D;OJib pet:IKH THeca. TaM ot:IeHb Kpac:HBO. MrrpHJITHO 3HaTb, liTO BOKpyr Hac MHOrO pa3HbiX CTpaH, C KOTOpbiMH Mbl mHBeM B M:Hpe H ~pym6e. Ilo6ece,n;y:HTe B napax: paccKamnTe ,n;pyr ,n;pyry, liTO BaM aanoM- HHJIOCb H3 JieTHHX KaHHKyJI. BHHMaTeJILHO BI:.ICJiymaii:Te co6e- ce,n;HHKa, aa,D;aii:Te eMy Bonpoci:.I. 6.CocTaBL TpH npe,n;JiomeHHH c ,n;aHHI:.IMH cJioBaMH TaR, liT06I:.I ~ fiOJIY'tiHJICH CBH3HI:.IH TeKCT. HacTyrrHJia, oceHb, ~epeBbJI, Ho, MHOrHe, aeJieHbie, IIO-JieTHeMy, IIYCTb, TeiiJIO, IIO~OJibme, COJIHet:IHO, 6y- •• ~eT, H, er:n;e. 'iMTaeM MOn"'a, 06Cy>KAaeM TeMy M OCHOBHYIO MbiCnb npO"'MTaHHOrO. roaOpMM: COCTaBnSieM CBSI3HOe BbiCK83biBaHHe 7.IlpOliHTaH. KAK .H BCEX OBMAHYTh XOTEJI -MHe o6 aToM paccKaabiBaTb ~ame He xot:IeTCJI. Ho SI Bce-TaRH paccKamy. Bee ~YMaJIH, H H Brrpaa,n;y 6oJibHOH, a <}>JIIOC y MeHJI 6biJI HeHaCTOJIIII;HH. 9TO JI rrpOMOKamKy1 no~ r:n;eKy rro~cyHyJI, BOT r:n;eKa H paa,n;yJiacb. - 1IIpoMoKauuca - MHrKaH nopncTaH 6yMara. 5http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 6. 6 H B,ZJ;06aBOK rpHMaCy COCTpOHJI - BOT, MOJI, KaK 3y6 y MeHH 6oJIHT! H Mhlqy cJierKa; 3To H Bee Hapol!Ho e,ZJ;eJiaJI, tiTo6 ypoK He cnpocHJIH. M AHHa IIeTpoBHa noBepHJia MHe. H pe6xTa noBepHJIH. Bee maJieJIH MeHH, nepemH- BaJIH. A H ,ZJ;eJiaJI BH,ZJ;, liTO MHe otieHh 6oJihHO. AHHa IIeTpoBHa eKa3aJia: - H,ZJ;H ,ZJ;OMoi, paa y Te6x TaK ay6 6oJIHT. Ho MHe ,ZJ;O- Moi eoBeeM He XOTeJIOCh• .H3hlKOM npOMOKaiiiKY BO PTY KaTaiO H ,ZJ;yMaiO: «3,ZJ;OpOBO 06MaHyJI H Beexf» B,ZJ;pyr TaHhKa Be,ZJ;epKHHa KaK aaopeT: - Oi, CMOTPHTe, $JIIOe y Hero Ha ,ZJ;pyroi cTopoHe! ITo BUJcmopy FoJLJlBKUHY 0 't!eM 3TOT paCCKa3? (To ~e CaMoe MOjKHO CIIpOCHT.b HHa't!e: KaKO- Ba TeMa 3TOI'O paCCKa3a? IfJIH: Ha KaKYJO TeMy HaiTHCaR 3TOT pac- CKa3?) KaKoBa ocHOBHas MLICJI.b paccKa3a? BLI6epH TO, 't!TO C't!HTaeml> npaBHJILHbiM: 1) Ha ypoKax 6biBaiOT BeceJible CJiyqaH, 2) eCT.b O't!eHL aa6JIIO~aTeJILHhle ~eTH, 3) aa o6Maae ~aJieKo 11e ye~emL. KaK, IIO·TBOeMy, aBTOp OTHOCHTCH K repOHM paccKa3a? 06ocayi1: cBoe MHeHHe. I I?aeeKaa 8.IIpH~yMaii npo~oJimeaHe paccKa3a B. ToJIHBKHHa ~KaK H Bcex 06MaHyT.b XOTeJI», 9.'tJeM noxomH no 3Ha't!eHHJO ~aHHLie CJIOBa, 't!eM pa3JIH't!aiOTCH? YCTHO COCTaB.b C HHMH npe~Jiome;HHH. TOBOpH npaBHJI.bHO: C'H:a- 3amb ... (o q eM?). HenpaBHJil>HO: C'Ka3amb ... (3 a q To?). CKaaaTh, paccKaaaTh, no,ZJ;cKaaaTh, nepecKaaaTh, BhleKa3aTh. lO.Cnn:mn: npe~JiomeHHH, 3annmH CBH3aHHLie Mej!(~y co6oi1: CJIOBa napaMH. Moi 6paT paccKa3hiB8.JI CMeiiiHYIO HCTOPHIO CBOHM ,ZJ;PY3hHM. 6paT (ll To ,ZJ; e JI a JI?) paeeKa3hlBaJI 6paT (q e i?) ••• paeeKR3hlBaJI (ll To?) ••• HCTOpHIO (K a K y 10?) •.. paCCKa3biB8.JI ( •.• ?) ... •• • • http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 7. ll.llpOliHTRH, DOCTapaHCH npaBHJibHO IIpOH3BOCHTb 6eay~apBble rnacable. CnHmH. CpaBHH c noxomHMH CJIOBaMH yKpaHHCKoro H3b1Ka. r--., , r--., , poT- Bo prey - H30 pTa /.. m;eKa - 3a m;eKoii - 3a m;eKy (3a m;eKy) JI06 - CO JI6a - Ha JI6y - H~O JI60M 12.IlpO"t!HTRH IIOCJIOBHIJ,.bl, CIIHmH HX. KaKyiO (KRKHe) H3 HHX MO)K- BO OTHeCTH K paccKa3y • KaK H BCeX 06MaHyTb XOTeJI•?-y..-- 1. "llero B ,u;pyroM He JII06Hmh, Toro H caM He ,u;eJiaii. 2. BcHK yMeH: KTO crrepBa, KTO nocJie. 3. BpaHhe He Be,u;eT B ,u;o6po. 4. JiomKa ,u;erTH B 6otrKe Me,u;a. 1 trero 1 BciiOMHH CJiyqaif H3 CBOeH )KH3HH, K KOTOpOMY IIO~OmJia 6bl O~Ha H3 aTHX nocJIOBHIJ,. KopoTKO paccKamH o6 aTOl'd cnyqae. IIoHCHHH OCHOBHYIO MbiCJib CBOei'O paccKaaa, HCIIOJib3YH STY IIOCJIOBHIJ,y - MOmemb HaqaTb HJIH 3RKOHliHTb e10 BbiCKR3biBaBHe. c----'-~~~ AHanMaMpyeM nocTpoeHMe TeKCTa (6YAOBY TeKCyY}. roaopMM: nepecK83btaaeM TeKcT, AOnonHSieM ero, cocTaanSieM aonpocbt K TeKCyY 13.CnRmH, no~epKHH coqeTaHHH 6-yKB 31CU, W.U, '1£4, Uf4, "~£y, UfY· Hatra.rro nporyJIKH, xopomHH ,u;eHh,' CBe- mHii BeTep, q~a Jieca, pom;a, Tonqy meJIThle IBtrepa I JIHCThH, HID;Y KamTaHhl, npHmJia OCeHh. 14.IJpoqHTaH. 06paTH BHHMRBHe BR 3HRKH npeiiHHaHHH B KOHIJ,e npe~nomeHri. Bqepa Mid xo.n;unu B po~y Ha nporyJIKY. ,lJ;eHh 6hiJI otreHh XOpOillHH. ,lJ;yJI CBemHH BeTep, HO JiaCKOBO CBeTH- JIO COJIHhlillKO. JlHCThH ll~a.JIH Cp;epeBheB, KpymHJIHCh B B03,u;yxe, meJiecTeJIH no,u; HoraMH. ()qeHL KpacuBa po- ~a oceH:&JO! CpaaHH MRTepHan ynp. 13 H 14. B KRKOM H3 HHX ~aH TeKCT? 03a- I'JIRBb ero. 06paTH BJ!HMaHHe! CJIOBO CBeJICUU - MHOI'03HR"tJHOe: CBeJICUU Bemep - npOXJI~HLIH, qHCTbiH; CBeJICUU x.ne6 - He~aBBO Bblne- qeBHLIH, MHI'KHH. 7http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 8. 8 Ha ypoKax yKpaHHCKoro H3b1Ka Tbi y3HaJI, 'tiTO MHO- rHe TeKCTbl COAepmaT BCTyTIJieHHe (3a'tiHH), OCHOBHYIO 'tlaCTb H 3aKJIIO'tleHHe (KOHD;OBKy). B 3a'tiHHe roBOPHTCH, o KaKHX co6biTHHX, HBJieHHHX 6yAeT HATH pe'Ib. OcHOBHa.a 'IaCTb COAepmHT paccKaa o6 3THX co6biTH- ax, HBJieHHHX. B 3aKJIIOtieHHH paccKa3biBaiOT, tieM aaKOH'tiHJIH~ co6biTHH, AeJiaiOT BbiBOA. 15.B TeKcTe ynp. 14 Bbi,ZJ;eJieHbi ,ZJ;Ba npe,ZJ;nomeHHH. KaKHMH qacTH- MH TeKCTa HBJIHIOTCH 3TH npe,D;JiomeHHH? CnHWH HX. CpaBHH pyccKoe CJIOBO JI,UCmbJ£ c noxomHM yKpaHBCKHM CJIOBOM. KaKoii nepBbiH 3BYK B 3THX cnosax? KaKoii 3BYK H,ZJ;eT nocne 3ByKa [T']? 16.IIpoqHTaH CJIOBa. Ha KaKOH BOnpoc OHH OTBeqaiOT? BbiKOITaJIH, noJIHJIH, onycTHJIH, noApeaa.rrH, aacbi- nanH,rrOABH3aJIH,yTonTa.rrH. 3TH CJIOBa OllHChiBaiOT ,ZJ;eHCTBHH, KOTOphle BhlllOJIHHeT TOT, KTO camaeT ,ZJ;epeBO. KaKHe CJIOBa, llO-TBOeMy, CTOHT He Ha CBOeM MecTe? KaKHe CJIOBa Thl 6hl BBeJI B 3TY rpynny? 17.'YCTHO COCTaBb TeKCT no ,ZJ;aHHhiM 3aqHHY H 3aKJIIOqeHHIO. Paa oc••HbiO Mbl c AeAymKoii cama.rrH .a6JI••HbKY• .f.l O'I••Hb JII06JIIO p ••6oTaTb B ca,n;y, ITOMOraTb AeAymKe. BhlnHWH cJioBa c nponyiQeHHhiMH 6yKBaMH; BCTaBb uymshle 6YKBhi, llO,ZJ;llepKBH HX. 18.IIpoliHTaH TeKcT, o3arJiaBb ero. Co6panHcb nTHI.J;bl ce6e n;ap.a Bbi6HpaTb. PacnycTHJI naBJIHH CBOH XBOCT H CTa.rr Ha3biBaTbCH B n;apH. H Bee nTHI.J;bi aa ero KpacoTy Bbi6paJIH ero n;apeM. A copoKa H rOBOpHT: - CKam •• Tbi HaM, naBJIHH! KorAa Tbi n;apeM 6yAeiDb, KaK Tbl CTaHemb HaC OT HCTpe6a 3ain;HID;••Tb, KOrAa OH 3a HaMH norOHHTCH? IlaBJIHH He aHa.rr, 'tiTO OTBeTHTb. T..rAa Bee nTHD;bl aaAYMaJIHCb, xopom JIH HM 6yAeT n;apb rraBJIHH. H He .. -B3HJIH ••ro n;apeM, a B3HJIH opJia. JIeB ToJI,cmou http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 9. Onpe~eJIH aalJHH, ocHOBHYJO lJaCTb, 3aRJII01JeHHe. CKamH, nolle- MY naBJIHHa He Bb16paJIH ~apeM: On 6otJ£ .•• , no .•. . CnHIIIH npe~JiomeHH.R: , B KOTOpbiX ecTb cJioBa c nponym;eHHbiMH 6yKBaMH. BcTaBb aymHble 6yRBbl, no~epKHH HX. IlepecKamH cKaaKy. CJioBa copoKH Momemb nepe~aTb ~ocJIOBHo (TaK, KaK oaa caMa rosopHJia). A Momemb nepecKaaaTb, HanpH- Mep, TaR: Copo~ea cnpocuJ£a y naeJ£una, KaK on 6yiJem aa~u­ tq.amo ux om Rcmpe6a, ~eoziJa cmanem ijapeM.. ,Il;ODOJIHH nepecKa3, HCDOJib3YH pHCYHOK. 19.llpocMoTpH TeRcT-ynp. 18. CKoJibKO B HeM o6pam;eaH:H? Bb16epH: a)o~H0,6)~Ba,B)TpH. "lJTeHHe MO»tHO rrpe~CTa.BHTb Ka.K MhiCJieHHhiH pa3- roBop nHcaTeJui c tiHTaTeJieM. H Ba.mHo, tiT06LI 3TO 6LIJI ~ H a JI o r. O~HH paccKa3LIBaeT, a ~pyroii: cTapaeTca Jiyq- .. me noHHTh, 3MaeT BorrpocLI, corJiamaeTc.a HJIH He corJia- maeTc.a, p~eTCH HJIH netiaJIHTCH BMeCTe C SBTOpOM. KaKHe me Bonpochi o6LiliHO B03HHKSIOT npH liTeHHH? KoHetiHo, caMLie paaHLie: O<}>SKTSX(liTO? KTO? KOr,n;a? r,n;e? KaK? H~p.); 0 npHliHHSX C06LITHS, IIOCTYIIKa (II 0 ll eM y?) ; ..0 CMhiCJie, OCHOBHOH MhiCJIH. CaMLie HHTepeCHhle BOllpOChl - 0 TOM, KSKHe KapTH- HLI B03HHK8IOT B TBOeM B006pameHHH npH liTeHHH; 0 TOM, 6LIJIO JIH y Te6.a B atH3HH tiTO-HH6y~b II0~06Hoe; 0 TOM, IIOlleMy 3TO BRmHO H HHTepeCHO HMeHHO Te6e. 20.CocTaBb H ~anHmH HeCKOJibKO sonpocos no CKaaKe. 9http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 10. YnoTpe6nReM noaecTaoaaTenbHbte, aonpocMTenbHble, no6yAMTenbHble npeA/IO>KeHMR (p03nOBiAHi, nMT3nbHi, cnoHyKanbHi pe~teHHR). 'iMTaeM, COCTaBnReM BOnpOCbl K TeKCTy 21.IlpOllHTaH, npH,D;YMaH npO,D;OJimeHHe. - Tbi ea,ZJ;HJia JieToM B ceJio? - HeT. ATbi? - A sr - ,ZJ;a• .H ea,ZJ;HJia K 6a- 6ymKe. - PaccKamH, rromany:HcTal - Hama 6a6ymKa mHBeT y oaepa. Mhl c 6paToM qacTo Ky- IIaJIHCb• .fl HayqHJiaCb IIJiaBaTbl A eiQe MHe rroHpaBHJIOCb pa6o- TaTb c 6a6ymKo:H B oropo,ZJ;e. STo BorrpocHTeJibHbie rrpe,ZJ;JiomeHHSI. STo rro6y,ZJ;HTeJibROe rrpe,ZJ;JiomeHHe. STo rroBeCTBOBaTeJib- Hhle rrpe,ZJ;JiomeHHSI. Kax Thl ,D;YMaem.D, notieMY MaTepHaJI SToro ynpamaeHH.R: TaK pacno- Jiomea? 'tJTO ,D;aHO B JieBOH lJaCTH? 'tJTO B npaBOH? C KaKOH ~eJI.biO? 22.KaKHe H3 STHX 3HaKOB MOI'YT 6hiT.b B KOH~e npe,D;JIOmeHH.R:? ? BOIIpOCHTeJibHbiH 3HaK 1BOCKJIHII;aTeJibHbiH 3HaK • ' TOl!Ka 3aiiSITaSI ,- 3aiiSITaH, THpe - THpe v ; TOtU~a C3aiiSITOH : ,ZJ;BOeTOl!He •• • MHOrOTOl!He () CK06KH KaKHe H3 STHX aHaKoB ecT.D Ha STOH cTpaHH~e YtJe6HHKa? KaKHe H3 HHX Thl ynoTpe6nnem.D tiacTo, KaKHe - P,e,D;Ko? 23.06paTH BHHMaHHe Ha llOCTpOeHHe BOnpOCHTeJI.bHhiX npe,D;JIOme- ~ HHH B pyCCKOM H yKpaHHCKOM .R:3hiKaX. JlpHBe,D;H CBOH npHMephi. llo-pyccKH llo-yKpaHHCKH Thl ea,ZJ;HJia JieToM B ceJio? TH l3,ZJ;HJia BJiiTKY ,ZJ;O ceJia? Ea,ZJ;HJia JIH TPI JieToM B ceJio? 'IH l3,ZJ;HJia TH BJiiTKY ,ZJ;O ceJia? . 10 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 11. 24.CocTaBb BorrpocHTeJlbBLie npe,zviomeBHsr c BonpocuTeJibHbiMH CJIOBaMH r /1. e ? K a K 0 H ? C K 0 JI b K 0 ? , a TaK>Ke 6e3 BODpOCH- TeJibHbiX CJIOB. CocTaBb no6y/1.HTeJibHble npe/l.JIOmeuusr co cJioBa- MH npollumau, omzaoau, npuiJyMaU. CBH>KH no CO/l.epmaHHIO BODpOCHTeJibHOe npe/l.JIO>KeHHe C D06Y/1.HTeJibHbiM. 3anHmH. 25.11pOl!HTaHTe B JIHD;aX. AHrJIJfliAHHH IIABEJI Mbi eJIH ap6y3, KOrAa ABepb OTKpbiJiaCb H B KOMHaTy BomeJI ITa~~eJI. Mbi Bee o6paAOBaJIHcb, rroToMy 'ITO OH AaBHO y)Ke He 6biJI y HaC H Mbl IIO HeMy COCKY't!H- JIHCb. - 0, KTO K HaM rrpHmeJII - cKa3aJI rrarra.- CaM llaBeJI. · - CaAJfCb c HaMH, llaBeJI, ap6y3 ecTb,- cKa3aJia MaMa• .fl CKa3aJI: •llpHBeTl~ OH cKa3aJI: •llpHBeTh- H ceJI. H Mhl Ha'tlaJIH ecTb, H AOJiro eJIH H MOJI'tlaJIH, rroToMy 't£TO·ap6y3 6biJI O't!eHb BKYCHbiH. - · llo'tfeMy Tbl, llaBeJI, TaR AaBHO He 6biJI y Hac?- crrpocHJI rrarra. -)};a,- CKa3aJI .H.- rAe Tbl 6MJI? "IJTO Tbl AeJiaJI? - "I!To ~enan••• AHrJIHHCKHH H3yT.J:aJI, BOT T.J:TO AeJiaJI,- He6pe)KHO cKa3an llaBeJI. -BoT, )J;eHHCKa, 6epH rrpHMep,- cKa3ana MaMa.- 9To Te6e He cpyT6on. - MonoAe~I - cKa3aJI rrarra. - YBamarol A KaK me Tbl 3aHHMaJICH? - K HaM B rocTH rrpHexan cTyAeHT CeBa. TaR BOT OH co MHOH Ka)KAbiH AeHb 3aHHMaeTC.H. Bo'l' y)Ke ABa Mecx~a. - A 'ITO, TPYAHbiH aHrJIHHCKHH H3biK? - cnpocHJI a. - QqeHb,- B3AOXHYJI llaBeJI.- .H OT.J:eHb YCTaJI OT 3THX 3aHHTHH. lloxyAeJI Ha ABecTH rpaMMOB. - TaR noqeMy )Ke Tbl, KOrAa BOmeJI, He CKa3aJI HaM IIO-aHrJIH.iiCKH • 3ApaBCTBYHTe»? - CIIpOCHJia MaMa. - .H «3APaBCTBYHTe» em;e He H3YT.J:aJI,- CKa3aJI llaBeJI. ""-.1 11http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 12. -A BOT Thl ap6y3 en, rroqeMy He cKa38JI ~crracH6o•? - .fl CKa38JI. - Hy ~a, rro-pyccKlr'fhl cKa38JI, a rro-aHrJIHHCKH? - H «crracH6o» a e~e He 3Haro. Tor~a a cKa3an: - ilaBJIHK, a Thl HayqH MeHa, KaK IIO-aHrJIHHCKH «pa3», «~Ba», «TPH». - .H aToro e~e He H3yqa.JI,- cKa38JI llaBeJI. - TaK qTo me Thl H3yqa.JI? - 3aKp~aJI a.- Thl Be~h 3aHHM8JICa ~Ba Mecau;a! - .H H3yqan, KaK rro-aHrJIHHCKH I ~neTa»,- cKa38JI llaBeJI. . crracH6o - Hy, KaK? - <<ilHT»! - TOpmeCTBeHHO IIpOH3HeC ilaBeJI.- llo- aHrJIHHCKH «lleTa» 6y~eT ~TIHT». OH pa~ocTHO 3acMe- anca H ~o6aBHJI: - BoT 3aBTpa rrpH~Y B Knacc H cKamy lleThKe rop6ymKHHy: ~TIHT, ~aH JiaCTHK!» OH, HaBep- HOe, HHqero He rroiiMeT. BoT cMemHo-To 6y~eT. BepHo? - BepHo,- cKa38JI a.- Hy, a qTo Thi e~e 3Haemh IIO-aHrJIHHCKH? - 3TO BCe, qTo H IIOKa 3HaiO,- CKa38JI llaBeJI. ITo Bu"Kmopy J(pazync"Ko.My H~:u B paccKaae noBeCTBOBaTeJihHble, Bonpoc:uTeJihHble, no6y~:u­ TeJihHble npe~omeHHH. KaK:ue 3HaKH CTOHT B KOHIJ,e npe~omemm? Ilopa6oTaiiTe B napax: c ocTaBhTe aecKOJihKO BonpocoB no paccKa3y B. ,Z::U,aryHcKoro • ABrJIJNaHHH ITueJI•. YnoTpe6nHeM yraepAMTenbHble M OTpM~aTenbHble npeAnO>KeHMSI (cTaepA>KyaanbHi M aanepe'IHi pe'leHHH). "'MT3eM B nM~ax. roaopMM: nepecKa3blaaeM TeKCT 26.Ilpo'IHTaH, CUHIIlH UOCJIOBHII,bl. 06'hJ!CHH, KaK Tbl HX UOHHMaeiiih. 12 1. H My~poMy qenoBeKy coBeT Tpe6yeTca. 2. TiocJie ~eJia 3a COBeTOM He XO~aT. 06paTH BHHMaHHe Ha TO, 'ITO B nepBOM H3 3THX npe~JIO>KeHHH CO~epatHTCJ! YTBepac~eHHe. roBOp.H~HH, BbiCKa3hiBaJ! KaKyiO-TO http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 13. .11011:m, ~OIIBO RO.!tiBCp-.:taer: • aa, 3'1'0 T&.K• . 3ro yYDCp,1J;B'I"eJ..l. :aoe npe,J::IOllteHB:e. A so BTOpoM rrpeJVIO>KeHHH co~epJKBTCH OTJl~aHHe. rosopB"l a e He c ornamaeTCH c 'tleM-TO, OTJ>HD;aeT: •Her, ae TB.K• . 9To OTJ>HD;aTem.aoe npe~nomeane. '!7.CocTaBb II 3anHmH yrsep~HTeJibHbie HJIH OTpHI~aTeJibHbie npe~­ JIO>KeHHH c ~aHHbiMH co'tleTaHHHMH CJIOB. He nHmH OT,ZJ;eJibHO oT CJIOB coeJtaJt, n038aJt, COZJtaCUJtCJt, nonJtolJta. Ha KaKHe Bonpocbi OTBe'tiSIOT 3TH CJIOBa? C~eJia.JI JIO~KY H3 ••• , (He) rroaBa.JI Cepemy, oH (He) co- rJiacHJic.a, (He) rrorrJihiJia no py'tlhiO. KB.Ko:H 3BYK o6o3aa-qaeT 6yKsa iJ B CJIOBe Jtoo"y? 28.TipO'tiHT8HTe B JIHD;8X OTpbiBOK H3 CTHXOTBOpeHHH CaMyHJI8 MapmaKa. 3HAKM IIPEIIMHAHM.H ¥ IIOCJiep;HeH TO'tiKH, Ha rrocJie~Heii cTpO'tiKe Co6pa.Jiach KOMIIaHH.H 3HaKOB rrpeiiHHallH.H. llpHJieTeJI 'tly~aK BocKJIHD;aTeJihHhiH aHaK. HHKOr~a oH He MOJI'tiHT, OrJiymHTeJihHO KPH'tiHT: - Ypa! ,1J;oJioii! KapayJI! Paa6oii! fipHTaiD;HJIC.H KpHBOHOChiH BorrpocHTeJihHhiH aHaK, 3~aeT OH BCeM BOIIpOChl: - KTo? Koro? 0TKy~a? KaK? HBHJIHCh aarr.HThle, ,1J;eBHD;hl 3aBHTble. jKHBYT OHH B ~HKTOBKe Ha Kam~oii ocTaHOBKe. fipHCKaKaJIO ~BOeTO'tiHe, fipHKaTHJIO MHOrOTO'tiHe. Mrrpo'tiHe, H rrpo'tiHe, H rrpO'tiHe... Borrpoc _I STo cJioBa aBTopa (paccKa3'tiHKa). qhH 3TO CJIOBa? STo cJioBa aBTopa. qhH 3TO CJIOBa? qhH 3TO CJIOBa? .I co6pa.JiaCb 13 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 14. KaKue •npBBbl'tiKB• y BonpocuTeJibHOro 11 BOCKJIHn;aTeJibHoro 3HaKOB? HaH,D;ll B CTBXOTBOpeHBB OTpHD;aTeJibHOe npe,D;JIOmeHHe, 06'bSIC- HH, DOlleMy OHO Ha3biBaeTCSI OTpHD;aTeJibHbiM. Ilo,D;yMaH, liTO 3Ha'IHT CJIOBO OZJZ.yzu.umeJZ.bHO. CBSI3aHO JIH OHO DO 3Ha'tleHHIO CO CJIOBOM ZJZ.YXOU? BLicTyqH pBTM nepBbiX lleTblpex cTpo'leK. 06paTH BBHMaHHe Ha y,D;apeHHe: cot5pamb, cotJpambcH, cotJpaJZ.acb. CnHmH nepBble lleTblpe CTpO'IKH, npoBepb aanHcaHHoe. 29.Ilpo'IHTail onHcaaHe Hrpbl. PaccKamH ,D;OMa o6 sToil Hrpe TaK, ~ liT06hl6biJIO DOHSITHO H TeM, KTO He 3HaeT yCJIOBHH Hrpbl. HhiPH:A: B OBPYqr ~enarorqux rHaTb o6pyq ~onro HCKaTb He H~o. A BOT Tbi roToB B3HTb Ha ce6H ~eno nocnomHee - Ha XO~y HhlpHTb B o6pyq TO CO~HOH, TO C~pyrOH CTOpOHbi? CKonhKO paa cyMeeiiih Thl c~enaTb 3TO Ha ~HcTaH~HH, cKameM, 30 MeTpoB? A CKOnbKO paa y~acTCH 3TO TBOeMy TOBapHrqy? llpHMetiaHHe: ecnH o6pyq yn~eT, TOy Te6H OT6Hpa- IDT O~HO OtiKO (H3 TeX, liTO Tbl 3apa6oTan 3a y~a't!Hhle HbipKH), a roHKa npo~onmaeTcH c MecTa aBapHH. ITo TamMne Kef}punou, IIempy FeJZ.a30HUJI, KaKHe 3HaKH npenHHaHHSI ecTb B aToM TeKcTe? YnoTpe6JieHHe KaKHX 113 HHX Tbl Momemb o6'bSICHHTb? HaH,D;H CO'IeTaHHe CJIOB, KOTOpoe COCTaBJieHO HenpaBHJibHO. 06'bHCHH npaBuna urpbi, paccKamu o npaBunax urphl, paccKamu aa npaBuna urphl. YnoTpe6nHeM o6paLLeHMH (aaepTaHHH). 'frr1TaeM, COCTaBnHeM BOnpOCbl K TeKCyY. roaopMM: cocTaanHeM AManor 30.IlpOliHTaH. ~ ITporqaH:, nporqaH:, Kygyme'IKa! Ilpo~aH:, npo~aH:, pSioyme'IKal 14 ,lJ;o tiaCTbiX rp03, ~0 aeneHbiX 6epe3, ~o HOBoi TpaBhl, ~o KpacHOH aapu! PyccKaSI Hapo,D;HaSI necHSI , ..~0 HOBOH [a] http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 15. B Ka.Koe BpeMH ro~a UOIOT 3TY necHIO? Ilo'leM)T Tid TaK C'IHTaemb? Kax Tid noauMaemL nocne~aue ~Be cTpO'IKH? KaKHMH CJIOBaMH MO)KHO Bldpa3HTL TY me MldCJIL? 06paTH BRHMaBHe! B TeKcTe necau Bld~eJieHid cnoaa x;yKyutell- Ka, p~t6yute11.1ca. 3To o6pa~eHHH. 06'LHCHH, no'leMy o6pa~eaue TaK Ha3LIBaeTC.H. Cnuwu, BHHMaTeJILHO npHcMaTpHaa:Hca K aaaKaM npenuaa- HHH. 31.CpaaHH <}>opMy o6pa~eaua B pyccKoM H yKpaHHCKOM .H3b1Kax. ~ IIo-pyccKH . ITo-yKprumcKH IIpo~a:H, KyKymeq&a! IIpo~aBa:H, aoayJILKo! STo Tbl, OJia? Ue TH, 0JIJO? 32.CrrHWH, BCTaBL nporr~eHHide 6yKBLI. 3TH CJIOBa- H3 CDHCKa ~JI.H aanoMHHaHH.H H3 yqe6au&a aa rrpowJIIdH ro~. KaKHe cnoaa OTBe'laiOT Ha BOrrpOCid K a K? K a K 0 :H? T..r,ZJ;a, x ••p •.mo, p ••6oTa, x ••qy, n ••meJI, ,ZJ;eB••liRa, rop••,ZJ;, 6••JibillOH, ITJIOX•• , M••ry, MaJI••HbKHH. 06paTHCL K O~HOKJiaCCHHKaM CBOrrpOCOM 0 TOM, KaK rrHmeTC.H TO HJIH uaoe cnoao. HcnoJIL3yii rrpe~nomeaua c o6pa~eaueM. 33.IlpO'lHTaH. Ha:H~H o6pa~eHH.H, COCTO.H~He H3 O~HOI'O CJIOBa H H3 n HeCKOJILKHX CJIOB. KaxHMH 3HaKaMH npenHHaHHSI Bld~eJI.HIOTCSI U o6pam;eHHa aa nHCLMe? - AHHa rpHropbeBHal 3,ZJ;paBCTBYHTe! - 3,ZJ;paBCTBYHTe, pe6HTa! - Mbi yme npoliHTaJIH 3TH KHHrH. CnacH6oi - IIomany:HcTa! Ka&ax KHHra Te6e, JleHOliKa, no- HpaBHJiach 6oJibme Bcero? ••• InomaJiyHcTa I 34.Ilpo'IHTa:H, aa:H~H o6pa~eHHe. 3~, Tbl! HHKTO H3 3BepeH He XOTeJI npOXO,ZJ;HTb MHMO ,ZJ;OMHKa, B KOTopoM mHJI nonyra:H S:HTbi. HHalle ero H He 3BaJIH, noToMy liTO caMoe JII06HMoe BblpameHHe nonyraa 6hlJIO •Sii.T!a.ll,,_ YBH,ZJ;HT OH 6ereMoTa H KpHqHT: 15http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 16. - 3ii, Tbd BereMoT! TBoii rropTpeT - BmypHa.rre Mo,zd YBH,D;HT KPOKO,D;HJia H HacMexaeTcSI: - 3ii, Tbd KpoKo,n;uJI! KaK Tbl B Jiymy yro,n;uJI? YBH,D;HT Hocopora - H rrpoxo,n;y He ,n;aeT: - 3ii, Tbl! Hocopor! He :u;errJISIHCSI aa rropor! KoMy aaxot~eTCSI MHMO TaKoro Bpe,n;Horo rrorryraH npoxo,n;HTb? Ho rrpuxo,n;uJiocb Bce-TaKH. Be,n;b ,n;oMHK IIOIIyraSI 3HTbi CTOSIJI Ha caMOH :u;eHTpaJibHOH YJIHII;e, HaiipOTHB CaMOrO :u;eHTpaJibHOrO YHHBepMara. BoJibme Bcex 6biJI He,n;oBoJieH 3THM ,n;paaHHJIKOH ,n;u- peKTOP yHHBepMara mupa<t> ,ll;oJirOBSI3HK, rroToMy liTO K HeMy IIOliTH rrepeCTaJIH aarJISI,D;biBaTb IIOKyiiaTeJIH. HHKOMY He xoTeJiocb, t~To6bl ero rrpu Bcex ,n;paaHHJIH. H Tor,n;a mupa<t> ,ll;oJirOBSI3HK rrpu,n;yMaJI XHTpbiH xo,n;. OH rrperro,D;"Hec rronyraiO 3HTbl KO ,n;HIO pom,n;eHHSI 60JibiDOe HOBeHbKOe aepKaJIO. YBH,D;eJI 3HTbl CBOe H306pameHHe B aepKa.rre H pe- .. ..IDHJI, liTO 3TO COBCeM ,n;pyrOH IIOIIyraH Ha Hero CMOTpHT. C TOrO ,D;HSI OH BCe BpeMSI TOpliHT B03Jie aepKaJia H CaM ce6SI ,n;paaHHT: - 3ii, Tbl! IIorryraii! Cu,n;u ,n;oMa, He ryJISIH! MuxauJ£ IIJl,Jl,ij1C08C1CUU CocTaBb aecKoJibKO sonpocos no STOH cKaaKe. BocnoJib3yHCH TeM, TiTO CKa3a.HO 0 BOnpocax HaC. 9. 06'b.RCHH, KaK Tbl UOHHMaemb CMbiCJI BblpruKeBHH xumpbtU XOO. 35. CpaBHH. Haii~H B cKaaKe (ynp. 34) npe,zvxomeHHH c 3THMH 0 CJIOBaMH. 16 IIo-pyccKH KO ,D;HIO pom,n;eHHSI CTOHT B03Jie aepKa.rra H CTOHT y aepKaJia ,ll;O ,ll;HSI Hapo,n;meHHSI CTOlTb 6iJISI ,n;aepKaJia http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 17. ~ I~ ~ ~~ CnywaeM, npeAyraAblaaeM COAep>KaHMe. nMweM 0 CBOMX ane'laTneHMSIX YMeemb JIM Tbi xopomo cJiymaTb? BHMMaTeJibHO CJie~MTb 3a TeM, ~TO rOBOpMTCH, IIOHMMaTb CKa3aH- HOe? Y Meemb! 0'tleHb xopomo! q T06bi em;e Jiy~me yMeTb CJiymaTb - IIOHMMaTb - OD;eHMBaTb, Ha~O 3HaTb CeKpeT, KOTOpbiH MO-'KHO Ha3BaTb <<l.JTO 6y~eT ~aJihme?>> 0Ka3biBaeTCH, MaJIO npOCTO CJie~MTb 3a pa3BMTMeM MbiCJIM. CJiymaH, Ha~o ycneBaTb no,nyMaTh o TOM, ~To 6y~eT ~aJibllie. 0 TOM, KaKMM 6y~eT OTBeT Ha 3a~aHHbiH BOnpoc, CJie~yiOIJJ;MH IIOCTYIIOK repOH M T. ~. B 3TOM CJIY- ~ae Te6e BamHo 6y~eT yaHaTb, npaBMJibHbi JIM 6hiJIH TBOM npe~noJiomeHMH. II Tbi 6y~emb cJiymaTh c 66Jib- mMM MHTepeCOM, 6oJiee BHMMaTeJibHO. 36.Ilocnyma:H OTPhiBOK H3 KHHrH Bna,~J;HMHpa )l;ypoBa «MoH aBe- D pH». 9TOT OTpbiBOK paa,~J;eJieH Ha HeCKOJibKO 'tlaCTeH. IJocJie Kam- ,ll;OH 'tlaCTH HaAO npe,~J;nOJIO.mHTb, liTO 6y,n;eT ,IJ;aJibme, a fiOTOM npoBepHTb, npaBHJibBbiM JIH 6biJIO 3TO npe,IJ;nOJIO.meHHe. Y KJIACCHOH ,II;OCKM Ha apeHe - mKoJia. 3a napTaMH, 6y~To HacToHm;Me lliKOJibHHKM, CM~HT MOpCKHe JibBbl, CBHHbM, CJIOH, Te- JieHOK, ocJIHK, rreJIHKaH, cpoKcTepbep1 IIMK M 6oJihmofr ceH6epHap1 Jlop~. CoBceM KaK B HaCTOHm;efr mKOJie. II ~a:$e KHMrM Ha rrapTax JiemaT. KHHrM 6hiJIH oco6eHHbie, ~epeBHHHhie, H y~eHHKM nepeJIMCTbiBaJIM MX KTO KaK MOr: CBMHbH- IIHTa~KOM, OCeJI- MOp~OH, IIeJIHKaH - ~JIMHHbiM, 6y~TO HO-'KHM- D;bi, KJIIOBOM, a MOpCKMe JibBbi - JiaCTaMH. CJIOH Ba6H- o~MH M3 rrepBbiX y~eHMKOB. OH rroJiy- ~aeT KpyrJibie nHTepKM2 M ~ame c nJIIOCOM. Oco6eHHO oH cMJieH B apH$MeTMKe. I 1 .. .ff B.,PI3biBaiO B:36M K ~ocKe: BHMMaTeJibHO --Y.Ba6M, CKOJibKO 6y~eT TpH M ~eTbipe? 1 t1>o1Ccmepbep, cen6epnap - nopo,IJ;bl co6aK. 2 llstmep1ea- pauee caMaH BbiCOKaH ou;euKa B IIIKOJie. 17http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 18. - 18 1-JI OCTaHOBKa Cocti:liTaeT JIR B36n? IToti:eMy TLI TaK p;yMaem:&? KaK oa, TIO-TBOeMy, OTBeTRT? Ba6H 6epeT xo6oTOM rpoMa,zJ;HbiH KyeoK MeJia H BbiBO- ,ll;HT Ha ,D;OeKe eeMb TOJICTbiX naJIOK. llopoii: OH nHeaJI TaKHM pa3MamHeTbiM, eJIOHOBbHM noqepKOM, l.ITO e,n;HHH~bl He noMe~aJIHeh Ha ,ll;OeKe. --Ulop,n;, e:KOJibKO He XBaTaeT e,ll;HHH~ Ha ,ll;OeKe? H Jiop,n; Jia.HJI poBHo eToJihKO paa, eKOJihKO' Hap;o 6hr.rro. A ne.rrnKaH, eH,n;eBmn:H Ha BTopo:H eKaMbe, mHne.rr Ha Beeh «KJiaee >> • 5I mypHJI rreJIHKaHa: -D'HeJih3H no,n;eKa3biBaTb•.. Hexopomo•• ·~ CJiyl.laJioeb, Ba6n BbiBo,n;n.rr Ha ,n;oeKe 6oJibme naJio- 't!eK, 1.1eM HymHo. Tor.u;a Jieo, MopeKoii JieB, rro,n;6eraJI K ,ll;OeKe, eTaHOBHJie.H Ha 3a,ll;HHe JiaeTbl, ynHpaJieH JieBbiM JiaeTOM B ,D;OeKy, a rrpaBbiM eTHpaJI JIHillHHe e,n;HHH~bl. lly6JIHKa1 arrJio,n;HpoBaJia n y,n;HBJI.a.rraeh. E:H Bee aTo Ka3aJIOeb l.leM-TO Bpo,n;e qy,n;a. 2-s OCT&HOBKa ITpaBRJILHbiM JIR 6biJio TBoe npep;noJiomeHHe? ,IJ;eiicTBRTeJI:&- Ho JIH 3TO 6biJIO q:yp;o H 3Bepn Hayq:HJIHCb Cti:HTaTb? IToti:eMy Tbl TaK p;yMaem:&? KaKHM 6yp;eT o6'bHCHeHHe •ti:yp;a•? ATyT HHKaKoro qy.u;a HeT. 5I ,n;oJiro H TeprreJIHBO o6y- qaJI 3Bepe:H BeeM aTHM ,ll;BHmeHb.HM. A HeKOTOpbiM Bem;aM H Y't!HTh He Ha.u;o 6hiJIO. TaK, HarrpHMep, en.u;.a Ha apeHe aa rrapTOH, eTap:E.IH nee Jiopp; Hepe,n;Ko aeBaJI, mHpoKo paeKpbiBa.a naeTb. 5I ero aToMy He yl.IHJI - OH aeBaJI OT yeTaJIOeTH. A H roBopHJI: 1t Jiop,n; - rrJioxo:H yqeHHK: aeBaeT Ha ypoKef Hap;o IIOeTaBHTb qe~bipe2 no noBe)l;eHHIO. H rry6JIHKa eMe.HJiaeb. l IJy6.nwca - 3 ,lJ; e C :&: JIIO,lJ;R, KO'l!Opble CMOTpSIT npe,D;CTaBJie- HHe B D;HpKe; 3pHTeJIH. 2 tfembtpe - OD;eHKa, KOTOpaSl COOTBeTCTByeT 8 6aJIJiaM. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 19. 3-R OCT&HOBK& CoBnaJio JIH o6'b.acHeHHe •'tly,ZJ;a• c TeM, 't!TO Thl ,ZJ;YMaJI? KTo H3 asepe:H 6y,ZJ;eT, no-TBOeMy, BhiCTynaTb ,ZJ;aJibWe? q TO oH noKameT? IIo'tleMy Thl TaK ,ZJ;yMaemh? Ho BOT ypoK OKOHqeH. IIapTbi y6uparoTe.a, H yqe- HHK Ba6H no,n;xo,n;HT K eBoeMy yqHTeJIIO• .fl Jiomych Ha 3eMJIIO. Ba6H BbleOKO llO,ZJ;HHMaeT HOrH H OCTOpOmHO nepecTynaeT qepea MeH.a. IIy6JIHKa axaeT H anJIO,ZJ;H- pyeT. Ba6H 6hlcTpo 6emHT BOKpyr apeHhl H cHoBa, e~e Bhime no,n;HHMa.a HOrH, maraeT qepea Moe 6ecnoMom;:Ho paCKHHYTOe TeJIO. ~OT OH CTOHT Ha,ZJ;O MHOH• .H KOMaH,n;yro: ]-- AJIJie1, Ba61d v · If CJIOH Me,ZJ;JieHHO HaqHHaeT no,n;rH6aTb 3a,ZJ;HHe HOrH, CTaHOBHTCH Ha KOJieHH, 3aTeM no,n;rH6aeT nepe,ZJ;HHe H OeTopomHO onyeKaeTCH Ha MeHH. 't; Paa,n;aBHT, paa,n;aBHT! - KpHqHT ny6JIHKa. 4-R OCT&BOBK& )J;eHCTBHTeJibHO JIH CJIOH JIO)KHTC$1 Ha ,ZJ;peCCHpOB~HKa? 'tJeM 3RKOH't!HTCH 3TOT HOMep? llo"lleMy Thl TRK ,ZJ;YMReWb? KaKHe e~e HOMepa MomeT noKaaaTb B36H? - ,il;OBOJibHO! A .. '- H, pa3,ZJ;aBHJI.•. Ho Ba6H H He ,n;yMaeT MeH.a ,n;aBHTb. IIpaB,n;a, B HeM npHMepHO TpH TOHHbl, H eeJIH 6bl OH ,n;eiieTBHTeJibHO Jier Ha MeHH, OT yqHTeJIH OCTaJIOCb 6bi MOKpOe MeeTO, HO Ba6H qyBeTByeT CBOH rpoMa,ZJ;HhiH Bee. KaK TOJihKO ero mHBOT npH6JIHmaeTe.a KO MHe, Ba6H KaMeHeeT. OH Ha- np.araeT Bee MyeKyJihl, CTapaeTeH y,n;epmaTheH B Tpy,n;- . HOM noae H TOJihKO TpeBomHo ry,n;HT. ITo 3TOMY ry,n;eHbiO .a yaHaro, qTo Ba6u xoqeT nocKopee OKOHqHTb yTOMH- .. ' TeJibHbiH HOMep H llO,ZJ;HHTbeH. - AJIJie! l AllJLe -- ,ZJ;aBRH, H,ZI;H ( OT <t>paH~y3CKOrO aller - XO,ZJ;HTb, H,ZJ;TH). 19http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 20. Ba6H Me,z:vreHHO IIOAHHMaeTCH, BhirrpHMnHH TonCThie, KaK KonoHHhi, HorH. B rry6.rrHKe o6nerqeHHo B3AbiXaiOT. - Ba6H, anne! H rpOMMHhiH CJIOH IIOAHHMaeT rrepeAHHe HorH. BoT OH CTOHT Ha OAHHX 3aAHHX HOrax, BhiCOKO TIOAHHB nepeAHHe, H 6anaHcHpyeT. A H c pacnpocTepThiMH pyKaMH CTOIO IIOA HHM. If KameTCH, BOT-BOT cnOH He .. YCTOHT Ha ABYX HOrax H THmenaH Tyiiia pyxHeT Ha MeHH. -Anne! .fl OTCKaKHBaiO. B36H CTaBHT nepeAHHe HOrH Ha 3eM- JIIO H c o6nerqeHHeM BhinycKaeT B03AYX l.lepea xo6oT. Ily6JIHKa aiiJIOAHpyeT• .H aacTaBJIHIO Ba6H IIOAHHTh xo6oT H OTKPhiTh poT. 0H IIOCJIYIIIHO HCIIOJIHHeT 3TO. 3aTeM H BKnMhiBaiO B ero poT ronoBy H paccTaBJIHIO pyKH. IIy6JIHKa 3aMHpaeT. B36H CTOHT CMHpHO, HeCMOTpH Ha TO liTO MOH BOJIOChi ~eKOl.IYT ero CKOJih3KHH H3hiK. B TaKOH II03e H He Mory KPHKHYTh: ~Anne!~ .H mAY, noRa ny6JIHKa He HaqHeT annoAHPOBaTh H KpHqaTh: ~,[(OBOJihHO!~ HHorAa npH- XOAHTCH mAaTh AOJirO, HO HHqero He IIOAeJiaeiiih. H KOrAa HaKoHen; ny6JIHKa Hal{HHaeT xnonaTh,_H BhiHH- MaiO ronoBy H3 nacTH Ba6H, H Mhi o6a KJiaHHeMcH. HaAo OTBel.laTh Ha anJIOAHCMeHThi, HeXOpOIIIO 6h!Th HeBem- nHBhiM. KaKou HOMep H3 onHcaHHoro npe,zJ;CTS.BJieHHR Te6e 6oJII,me acero noHpa.BHJicn? PaccKaa<H o HeM AOMa. IIocTapaH:cn c,zJ;eJiaTb aTo TaK, lJT06bl CJiymaTeJIH npe,ll;CTaBHJIH ce6e, liTO H KaK npOHCXO,ll;H· Jio. Momemb ,zJ;o6aBHTb OT ce6n Koe-KaKHe ,zJ;eTaJI~ (HanpHMep, KaK BeJIH ce6n Ha ypoKe Te 3BepH, 0 KOTOpbiX B OTpbiBKe ITOllTH HHllero He cKa3aHo, H ,zJ;p.). 37.HanHWH 0 CBOHX BITellaTJieHHHX OT CJiymaHH$1 Cnpe,zJ;yl'a,ll;biBaHH- eM. lloHpaBHJiaCb Te6e aTa pa6oTa? Bee JIH TBOH npe,zJ;noJioa<eHHR onpaB,ll;aJIHCb? 't!To y Te6H JlYlJWe llOJIYtJaeTCR: npe,zJ;yl'a,zJ;biBaTb HJIH 06'bRCHHTb CBOH npe,ll;ITOJIOa<eHHH? 38.IIpocMOTPH TeKcT ynp. 36. CKoJibKO a HeM o6pa~eHHH:? Bhl6epH: a) ,ll;Ba, 6) lleTblpe, B) ITHTb. • 20 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 21. ~cnonbayeM cpeACTaa CBH3M npeAnO>KeHMM B TeKCTe (3aC06M 3B'H3KY pe'teHb y TeKCTi). "'MTaeM, nepecKa3biBaeM TeKCT KaKo:H TeKcT, no-'l'BOeMy, JI~me - CBH3HbiH HJIH 6ecc&HaHbi:H? BeaycJIOBHO, CBH3Hbr:H! Be~b OH -, KaK - v npoqHaH n;erroqKa, B KOTOpOH KaJK~Oe KOJieqKo, Kam.- ,l(Oe 3BeHO CB.H3aHO C COCe~HHM (HJIH C COCe,D;HHMH). B He:H HeT paapbiBOB, HeT TaKHX KycoqRoB, KOTOpbie HHKy,n;a He Be,n;yT, a o6pbiBaiOTC.H, e,n;Ba HaqaBillHCb; HeT ..HarpOMOm.,n;eHHH JIHillHHX 3BeHbeB. TaKo:H ,n;oJim.Ha 6biTb H Hama peqb. foBopaiiJ;ero Jier- ... qe IIOHHTb, eCJIH y Hero O,D;Ha MbiCJib CB.H3aHa C ,n;pyrOH, .. • BbiTeKaeT H3 Hee, IIO.HCH.HeT, ,D;OIIOJIH.HeT CKa3aHHOe. Tbi, KOHeqHo, 3Haemb HeKOTOpble CIIOC06bi, KOTO- phie rroaBOJIHIOT c~eJiaTb peqb CB.H3HOH. Bbr o6cym~aJIH HX Ha ypoRax yRpanHcKoro H3biKa. B pyccKoM H3biKe ... ,l(JIH CB.H3H rrpe~Jiom.eHHH B TeKCTe TOJKe HCIIOJib3YIOT DOBTOp CJIOBa ( CJIOB) H3 npe)J;LI,IJ;y~ero npe,IJ;JIO~eHHH; CJIOBO, DOXO~ee DO 3HaqeHHIO Ha CJIOBO H3 npe,IJ;LI)J;~e­ ro npe,IJ;JIO~eHHH; CJIOBa OK, OKa, 01£0, OKU, 3mOm, 3ma, ... 3mo, 3mu, maKou, maKaR, maJCoe, maKue. EcTb H ,n;pyrne cpe,n;cTBa CB.H3H npep;Jiom.eHHH B TeKc- Te, HO 3TH HCIIOJib3YIOT qaiiJ;e BCero. 39.llpoliHTaH TeKCT H paCCMOTpH pHCYHOK. ,IJ;JIH 3HMHErO BYKETA MHorne pacTeHHH ~am.e B cyxoM BH~e coxpaHruoT CBOIO KpaCOTy. Ha HHX MOm.HO COCTaBHTb CaMble pa3Hhie KOMD03HD;HH- H TOr,n;a 3HMOH 3TH 6yKeTLI H3 D;BeTOB H TpaB 6y,n;yT HaiiOMHHaTh BaM 0 JieTe. KpynHhie n;BeTbi ,IJ;JIH 3HMHHX 6yKeToB cymaT no OT- ... ... ~eJibHOCTH, IIO,ZJ;BeillHBa.H Kam.,D;hiH D;BeTOK rOJIOBKOH BHH3. MeJIKHe n;BeTbi, KOJIOCbH H TpaBbi cymaT nyqKa- MH, KpeiiKO CBH3aB HX. IlyqKH JI~me ~eJiaTh pa3JIHq- HOH TOJI~Hbi H BbiCOTbi H3 TpaB o~Horo copTa. Ha HHX IIOJiyqaJOTCSI HHTepeCHbie KOMII03HD;HH: O,ll;HH II~OK 21http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 22. t ( 6epeTCH caMhiH BhiCOKHH, BTOpOH - Ha TpeTb HJIH Ha ..tieTBepTb KOpOtie, TpeTHH - Ha CTOJibKO .me KOpoqe BTO- poro. IIpH6aBHB K BHM aacymeHHhle HJIH .»tHBhle :u;seThl, MO-'KHO IIOJIYtJHTb HapH,ll;Hhle yKpameHHH ,ll;JIH ,ll;OMa. Tio Tamb.~tne KeiJpunou, Ilempy FeJLa3onust I Jiyqme I IHHTepecHhiH I 0 "t!eM 3TOT TeKcT? KaKoBa ero TeMa? KaK cBnaaHLI Mem,zcy co6o:H npe~JIOmeBHH C BLI~eJieBHLIMH CJIOBB.MH? TiepecKamH TeKCT, CTapaHCb HCfiOJib30BaTb pa3JIH"t!Bhle cpe,D;CTBa CBH3H npe~JiomeBHH. CnHnm BTopoe, TpeTbe H "t!eTBepToe npe~JiomeHHH BToporo a6aa- o;a. TipoBepb HanHCaHHOe. "YCTHO H3MeBH O,D;HO H3 3THX npe,D;JIO- meHHH TaK, 'liT06LI HCfiOJib30BaTb ,D;JIH CBH3H CJIOBO amo (amu, amux). 40.CnHmH npe,n;JiomeHHe, aanHmH cBnaaHBhle Mem.n;y co6o:H CJIOBa 22 napaMH. Ha cyxux :u;seTOB Mhl c,n;eJiaJIH KpacHBbiH 6yKeT. Mhl ('q T 0 C ,ll; e JI a JI H?) ••• c,n;eJiaJIH ( q T o?) ••• ,ll;OnOJIHH ,n;aHHOe npe,D;JIOmeHHe CJIOBaMH, KOTOpble OTBe"t!aiOT Ha BonpocLI c K eM? K or .n; a? K a K o ii? CocTaBb CJie,n;yiO~ee npe~­ JiomeHHe, CBHmH ero c npe,n;bl,n;ym;HM. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 23. 41.CnHWH, BCTaBJIJUI nponym;eHHhle 6yKBhl. IIposepHH ce6H .no TeK- cTy H3 ynp. 39. Ha KaKHe BOnpOCLI OTBellaiOT 3TH CJIOBa? p ..CTeHlUI, TOJIID; ••Ha, IIO 0 ••~eJihHOCTH, rry••KH, v v C••XpaHHIOT, IJ;B••TOK, p ••3JIHqHhiH, Jiy••maH, Jiyqm••H, II••JiyqaiO••CH, 6..pEhCH, K ••MII••3HIJ;HH, aacyme••hie, Ha- IIOM••HaTh. 42.Ilp011HTaH, CnHmH, BhiYliH HaH3YCTb. ~ QBETOK ll;BeToK aacoxmHii, 6eayxaHHhiH, 3a6hiThiH B KHHre BH:>KY H; H BOT yme MeqToiO cTpaHHOH ,IJ;yma HaiiOJIHHJiaCh MOH: r~e D;BeJI? KOr~a? KaKOH BeCHOIO? H ~oJiro Jib IJ;BeJI? H copBaH ReM, 'tJ:ymo:H, 3HaKOMOH JIH pyKoiO? H rroJiomeH c10~a aa~eM? •• AlteKcaniJp IIywKuH ' OopaTu BHBMaHue: 6e3yxaHHbtu - cTapHHHoe cJioBo, OHo o6o- 3HallaeT «TOT, KOTOpLIH He naxHeT~, «6e3 aanaxa• (BCnOMHHTe: H10xamb). IIo-pyccKH ITo-yKpaHHCKH ,Il;oJiro JIH n;BeJI? qH ~OBrO IJ;BiB? ,Il;oJiro JIL n;BeJI? "'HTaeM, npeACTaBnSieM OnHC9HHble KapTMHbl. roaOpHM: COCTaBnHeM paccy>KAeHMe no npO'fMTaHHOMY 43.IlpOliHTaH, npep;cTaBb KapTHHLI, paCCMOTpH pHCYHOK. OCEHHEE YTPO JIHCTHK aa JIHCTHKOM rra~aiOT C JIHIIhi Ha Kphlmy, Ka- KOH JIHCT:f!K JieTHT rrapamiOTHKOM, KaKoii MOThiJihKOM, KaKOH BHHTHKOM. A Me:>K~y TeM MaJIO-IIOMaJiy ~eHb OT- 23http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 24. 24 KpbiBaeT rJia3a, H BeTep C KpblillH IIOAHHMaeT BCe JIHC- .. Tb.H, H JieT.HT OHH K peKe KYAa-TO BMeCTe C nepeJieTHbiMH IITHliKaMH. TyT CTOHillb ce6e Ha 6epery, OAHH, JiaAOHb K cepAI.I;Y "IlpHJIOmHillb H AYIDOH BMeCTe C IITHliKaMH H JIHC~b.HMH KYAa-To neTHmh. M TaK- TO 6biBaeT rpycTHO, H TaK xopomo, H merr- qemh THXOHbKO: - JleTHTe, JieTHTe! Muxau.n IIpuweun repo:H paccKaaa M. IlpHWBHHa yMeeT npHCTa.TibHO, BHHMaTeJibHO npHcMaTpHBaTbCH K jf(H3HH npHpo,n;hl. Han,n;H Te npe,n;Jiojf(eHHH, KOTOphle sTo no,n;Taepjf(,n;aiOT. KaKyiO HJIJIIOCTpan;HIO Tbi 6hl c,n;e- JiaJI K nepBOMY npe,D;JIOjf(eHHIO? KaK Tbi ,n;yMa ewb, aeT JIH npoTHBOpe'IHH B Bhlpajf(eHHH ((6h!aaeT rpyCTHO H TaK XOpOWO•? "tJTO 3TO 3Ha'IHT: ((,ll;eHb OTKphiBaeT rJiaaa•? CnHWH To· npe,n;JIOjf(eHHe, KOTopoe Te6e 6oJibWe acero noapaBH- JIOCb. Han,n;H a TeKcTe npe,n;JIOjf(eHHe co CJIOBaMH c, na, K. KaKHe Ha 3THX CJIOB yKa3biBaiOT Ha MeCTO, HanpaBJieHHe ,D;BHjf(eHHH? CpaBHH KapTHHbl, KOTOphle B03HHKJIH B TBOeM B006pajf(eHHH, c TOR, KoTopyiO aapHCOBaJI xy,n;ojf(HHK. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 25. JIHCTh.H Mhr, JierKoe n.JieMH, IJ;BeTeM H 6JieCTHM, JI :KpaTKOe BpeMH Ha cyt~hHX rocTHM. Bee KpacHoe JieTo Mhr 6hiJIH B Kpace, Hrpa.JIH c Jiyt~aMH, Kyna.JIHCh B poce!.. Ho nTHTIKH oTrre.JIH, IJ;BeThl OTD;Be.JIH, Jlyra no6Jie,n;He.JIH, 3e<t>:Hphr1 ym.JIH. TaK t:ITO me HaM .n;apoM BHceTh H me.JITeTh? He Jiyqme Jib aa HHMH H HaM y.JieTeTh? 0, 6yHHhle BeTphl! CKopee, cKopeii, CKopeii Hac copBHTe, • C ,ll;OKYt:IHhiX2 BeTBeH. CopBHTe, yMTIHTe, Mhl m,ZJ;aTh He XOTHM,- JleTHTe, JieTHTe! Mhr c BaMH JieTHM. c1Jeoop T10mttee JIHCThH rpyCTHO KB.KHe CJIOBa, IIO-TBOeMY, IIO,l.l;OH,l.J;YT, 'IT06hi Bhipa3HTb BIIe'IaT- JieHHe, C03,l.l;aHHOe aBTOpOM: nettaJtb, JtiiZKOCmb, n008UJIC1tOCmb, 6ecnoKoucmeo, c.M.e.nocmb, 1temepne1tue, co.M.1te1tue, 6ea1taoeJIC- 1tOCmb? ilO,D;TBep,D;H CBOH Bhi60p CTpO'IKaMH CTHXOTBOpeHHSi. HaH,D;H o6pa~eHHe. C K8.KOH HHTOHaD;HeH ero CJie,D;yeT IIpOH3- HOCHTb? BhiyqH HaH3YCTb paccKa3 •OceHHee YTPO» (yrrp. 43) HJIH CTHXO- TBOpeHHe «JlHCTb.H». 1 3eljJup - TeiiJihiH JierKHH BeTep; ,D;peBHHe rpeKH rrpe,D;CTaB- JISiJIH ero s · o6paae IOHomH c JierKHMH KPhiJih.HMH. 2 J{oKytt1tbtU - HaBO,D;Si~HH CKyKy. 25http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 26. • 45.llpO'IHTaH, CITHIITH ITOCJIOBHD,hl, 06'bHCHH, KaK Thl HX ITOHHMaemb. 1. Y 3:MMhl c JieTOM Jia~y HeTy. 2. ITocJie rpo3LI - .. Be~po, rrocJie rop.s:- PMOCTb. 'iMTaeM H3M3YCTb. CocTaanHeM yc+Hoe BbiCKa3biBaHMe no pMCYHKY 46.IIo~6epH CTHXOTaopeaHe o6 oceaH. IIpo'IHTaH ero BhlpaaHTeJib- Ho. CKa*H, tieM oao Te6e HpaBHTCH (HJIH He apaaHTc.a). Mo*Ho JIH CtiHTaTb, liTO CTHXOTBopeHHe A. C. IIymKHHa d.J.aeToK• (ynp. 42) - o6 oceau? ITol!eMy? 47.IIpotiHTa:ii, ~onoJIHH pH~hi cJioa. oceHb I Tbi rroMHHmh repo.s: H3 paccKaaa M. ITpHmB:MHa «OceHHee yTpo» (ynp. 43)? KaK OH yMeJI '1YBCTBOBaTh rpyCTHYIO KpaCOTY OCeHHeH rrpHpO~bd I1onpo6y:H H Thl Ilp:MCMOTpeTbCH K TOMY, 'ITO OKpymaeT Te6.s: B HCHhlH v OCeHHHH ~eHb. Thl B:M~:Mmb, KaK:Me oco6eHHhle oceHbiO He6o, B03- ~yx, ~epeBhH, KYCThi, TpaBa?t B pyccKOM H3hlKe ecTh MHOrO Bbipa3HTeJibHbiX, KpaC:MBhlX CJIOB, '1T06hl paCCKa- 3aTb o6 aToM. BoT HeKoTopbie H3 HHx: pOHHTb, IIa~aTb, KpymHTbCH, JiemaTb, mypmaTb, meJieCTeTb, rrp.s:TaTbCH, '1epHeTb, Bbip:MCOBbiBaTbCH; BCMaTp:MBaTbCH, PMOBaTbCH, y~HBJIHTbCH, Ha6Jiro- ~aTh, CMOTpeTb, BH~eTb, JII06HTb, C06:MpaTb, COCTaB- JIHTb; paaHon;BeTHhlH, rrikTpbiH, cepe6pHCThlH, TYCKJihlH, u u •• OCJieii:MTeJibHhl:M, MHrKHH, HpKO-... , TeMHO-... , Kpac- HO-... ; u u "' u IlpO~aJibHhlH, rpyCTHhlH, IIe'1aJibHbiH, CBeTJihlH, •• ..., u u u u JierKHH, TOHK:MH, '1HCTbiH, Ilp03pa'1HbiH, BhlCOK:MH. 48.IIopa6oTaHTe B napax. O~HH H3 aac nycTb anonronoca npo'tiHTa- eT TeKCT. ,L'U>yrOH - BhiCJiymaeT H onpe~eJIHT, 0 'leM TaM I'OBO- pHTC$1. 26 06 oceH:M MOmHo paccKa3hlBaTh 0'1eHb MHoro. Ho ~JIH He60JibillOrO C0'1HHeHHH BamHO orrpe~eJIHTb 6oJiee yaKyro TeMy, HanpHMep: o JII06HMOM ~epeBe; o ~opomKe, http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 27. 3aChlllaHHOH OCeHHHMH JIHCTb.HMH; 06 06JiaKax nepe,n; 3axo,n;oM coJIHn;a. Mo.mHo Bhl6paTh ern;e 6oJiee y3KYIO TeMy: 06 O,ll;HOH BeTO'IKe HJIH ,z:t;a.me 06 O,ZJ;HOM JIHCTKe. H He ,z:t;YMa:H, 'ITO paccKa3aT:b o MaJieHhKOM npom;e, 'IeM 0 60JibiDOM. 49.IIopa6oTa:HTe B napax. PaccMoTpHTe pHcyaoK, paccKa3biBarow;H:H o nporyJIKe B oceaaeM Jiecy. Bbi6epHTe KaKyro-JIH6o yaKyro TeMy, CBH3aHHYIO C 3TOH 6oJiee WHpOKOH TeMOH. 06cyp;HTe, 0 ~eM MO.>K- HO CKa3aTb B CO~HHeHHH Ha H36paHHYIO BRMH TeMy. Jiop;6epHTe CJIOBa H Bbipa.>KeHHH, KOTOpbie llOMOryT BaM llOJIHee H sp~e pacKpbiTb H36paaayro TeMy, aanHnmTe HX. GocTaBbTe BMecTe npep;nomeHHe-BCTynneaHe 11 npep;nomeaHe-aa- KJIIO~eHHe. HanOMHHTe p;pyr p;pyry 0 TOM, KaK CBH3biBRIOT Me.>Kp;y C060H npep;nomeHHH B TeKcTe. B cnyqae Heo6xop;HMOCTH npoc:MoTpHTe MaTepHaJI Ha C 21. 50. GocTRBb yCTHoe CO~HHeHHe, BKJIIO~H B Hero COCTRBJieHHbie npep;- JIO.>KeHHe-BCTynJieHHe H npep;JIO.>KeHHe-3RKJIIO~eHHe. BbiCJiyma:H HeCKOJibKO COliHHeHHH. GKa.>KH 0 TOM, 'liTO B HHX Te6e DOHpaBHJIOCb. 51.HanHWH O. TOM, 'tleMY Tbi XOlleWb HayqHTbCH ,D;JIH COCTRBJieHHH CO- a-'tiHHeHHH. 27http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 28. AenMM cnoaa Ha cnorM, Ha 'taCTM AJlSI nepeHOCa (Ha CKl1aAM, Ha 'taCTHHM AJlH nepeHocy). roaopMM: COCTaBnSieM AManor no PMCYHKY 52.IlpO't1HTaH. ~ Tbr yme aHaeiiib, ~To aB~am;ee CJIOBo MOJKHo paaAe- JIHTb Ha ~acTH - CJIOrH. BLrBaeT, ~To ~eJIOBeR, c KOTO- pbiM Mbi rOBOpHM, HaXO~HTCSI ~aJieKO H IIJIOXO HaC CJibii.IIHT. B TaKHX cJiy~aax roBop.HT He TOJibKO rpoM~e o6bi~Horo, HO H «pacTHrHBa.JOT~ cJioBo no cJioraM. Ha- npHMep: <<ll-AH cro-~a! Bbi-CTpei!» "'l!acTo AeJiaT cJioBa Ha cJiorH B neHHH. HarrpHMep: <<CIIH, MO-H pa-~ocTb, y-cHH! B AO-Me rro-ra-cJIH o-rHH... )> 06paTH BHHMaHHe! B pyCCKOM H3b1Ke CJIOBO Ha CJIOrH 06bl'tiHO ~e­ JIHTCH TaR, liT06bl B KOH~e CJIOra 6biJI rJiaCHbiH 3BYK. 53. IlpOH3HeCH ~aHHble CJIOBa, paCTHrHBasl HX no CJIOraM. ll-MSI, JIH-CTHK, rra-y-~OK, py-~bH, JIY-~IIIe, TO-~Ka, u 3H-MHHH. Ilo~6epH HeCKOJI.bKO CJIOB H paa~eJIH HX Ha CJIOrH. 54.IIpo'fmTail, aanumu. 28 - ra-ra-ra! - XBaJIHJICSI rycb,- MHOrO aHaro HaHaycTL: - MoJio~e~! KoHe~Ho, MHoro: 0AHHaROBbiX TPH cJI6ra. IMoJio~e~ I Onpe,n;enu, r~e cnosa Y'tJ:aCTHHKOB paarosopa, a r~e cnosa pac- cKaa'tiHKa. HaH,ZJ;H B CTHXOTBOpeHHH CJIOBa, COCTOH~He H3 O~HOrO CJIOra. HaH~H ~Ba CJIOBa, B KOTOpbiX eCT.b CJIOr, COCTOH~HH H3 O,Zl;- HOrO 3ByKa. Ha CJIOrH CJIOBO AeJIHTCH B ycTuo:H pe~H. IlpH AeJie- HHH CJIOBa Ha CJIOrH He aa6biBaH 0 npaBHJibHOM IIpOH3- HOI.IIeHHH. HarrpHMep, Mbi rrHIIIeM MOR, 6epe3a, a rrpoHaHOCHM H ~eJIHM Ha CJIOrH TaR: M(a]-Ji, [6'H]-pe-3a. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 29. 55. CocTaBb npe,zviOmeHHe, aanHmH. Bepeaa, JIHCTBOH, y pytthH, cTapas, myMHT. ilpO't!HTaH, paCTHrHBaH CJIQBa IIO CJIOraM. llocTaBL BonpocLI oT o~Horo cJioBa npe~JiomeHHH K ~pyroMy, aa- nHmH cJioBa nonapHo. 56.BcnOMHH OCHOBHble npaBHJia nepeHOCa CJIOBa CO CTpOKH Ha CTpO- Ky, npo't!HTaii npHMepbi Ha 3TH npaBHJia. CnHmH, paa~eJIHH cJio- Ba 'tlepTO't!KaMH Ha 'tlaCTH ~JIH nepeHOCa. 1. III;e-HoK, co-6a-Ka, xo-po-mHH, pa-6o-Ta. 2. Kpa-cH-BaH, yJIH-~a, HJIH, otteHh, ero. 3. KoHh-KH, Maii-Ka, paa'h-exa-JIHCb, rrJia-TbH-MH. 4. "t{a-CTO H ttaC-TO, pe-3HH-Ka H pe-3H-HKa. 57.KaKHe :H3 3THX CJIOB HenpaBHJILHO pa3~eJieHbi ~JIH nepeHoca? Bb16epH: a) nepBOe H BTOpoe; 6) BTOpoe H TpeTLe; B) TpeTbe H 'tleT- BepTOe. Moe-ro, MO-H, 0-BaJI, CBe-KJia, CBeK-Jia, o6'b-HCHH. 58.PacCMOTpH pHCYHKH, npO't!HTaH TeKCT HaC. 30. 29http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 30. 06hiKHOBeHHhiH OBaJI MO»eT CTaTh Ha~aJIOM MHOrHX pncyHKOB. Ha Hero MO)KHO c,n;eJiaTh emHKa. o~eHh rrpo- CTO npeBpaTHTh OBaJI B D;hiiiJieHKa HJIH IIOpOCeHKa. llo- Jiy~aiOTCH H3 Hero H ~eperraxa, H KYBIIIHH, H aKBapHyM C pb16KaMH. 9TOT OBaJI IIpOCTO BOJime6HbiH! Haii,n;H B 3TOM TeKCTe BCTynJieHHe, OCHOBHYIO llaCTb H 3aKJIIOlle- HHe. llo,n;yMaH, BOliTO em;e MOjKHO npeBpaTHTb OBaJI. 3anHmH CJIOBa - Ha3BaHHH TeX npe,n;MeTOB, KOTOpbie MOrYT no- JIYliHTbCH H3 OBaJia. ilOCTaBb llepTOliKY B MeCTe B03M0jKHOrO ne- peHOCa cJioBa. CpaBHH H aanoMHH, KaK npaBHJihHO cJie,n;yeT CKaaaTb no-pyccKH. IIo-pyccKH ITo-yKpaHHCKH MO)KHO MOmHa Ha,n;o Tpe6a 59.ITopa6oTaHTe B napax: cocTaBbTe )];HaJior o6 o.n;HoM H3 npeBpam;e- HHH oBaJia (eM. ynp. 58). 60.0Tra.n;aH: aara.n;Ky, o6'bHCHH paara.n;Ky. BhiYliH HaH3YCTb. 3anHmH a nO naMHTH, n:poBepb HanHCaHHOe. 06'b.R:CHH npaBHJia nepeHOCa (2J CJIOB H3 nepBOH CTpOliKH aara,D;KH. . ' Bcer,n;a OH B pa6oTe, Kor,n;a roBopHM, Bcer,n;a Ho oT,n;hlxaeT, Kor,n;a Mhl MOJiqHM. AenMM cnoao Ha aayKM, onpeAenHeM YAapeHMe. roaopMM: COCTaBnS1eM BbiCKa3biBaHMe Ha S13biKOBYIO TeMy Thi aHaemh, qTo cJioBa cocTOHT H3 aByKoB - rJiac- HhiX H COrJiaCHhiX. ECTh COBCeM KOpOTKHe CJIOBa - B HHX Bcero o,n;HH HJIH ,n;Ba 3ByKa. Ho eCTh CJIOBa ,n;JIHH- ~ Hhle - H3 ,n;eCHTH 3BYKOB H 60Jihiiie. 61. llpOliHTaH npe,D;JIOjKeHHe. llpOH3HeCH n;enOliKY 3BYKOB KajK)];Oro CJIOBa. KaKHe CJIOBa COCTOHT H3 O,D;HOrO 3ByKa? li3 ,D;Byx? H HAY B 6H6JIHOTeKy, a Thl? • CocTaBh OTBeT Ha Bonpoc H aanHmH o6a npe.n;JiojKeHH.R:. 30 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 31. 62.IIpoqHTaH. ~ 'tJTO 6y,ZJ;eT, eCJIH B CJIOBe 3aMeHHTb XOT.H 6bl O,ZJ;HH 3BYK? A ecJIH ,ZJ;o6aBHTb HJIH y6paTh O,ZJ;HH aByK? ThlaHa- emb, qTo npH 3TOM MOmeT TIOJiyqHTbC.H COBCeM ,ZJ;pyroe cnoBo. HanpHMep: Mou - ·Mau, "oaa - "oca, "om - "pom, cmo.n6, - cmo.n. Ho MomeT 6b1Tb H TaK: oT TaKHX H3MeHeHHH cneBo HcqeaHeT. OT Hero ocTaHeTcH TOJibKO Ha6op aByKoB 6ea BC.HKoro aHaqeHH.H. HanpHMep: cmo.n6 - cmy.n6, cmo.n". 3aMeHH B CJIOBe O,li;HH H3 3BYKOB TaK, qTo6hl noJiyqHJIOCb ,D;pyroe CJIOBO. ,II;oM - • •• , noqKa - •• • • 63.IIpoHaHecH rJiaCHhle 3BYKH B cJiosax Jtucm, Mbtu.tb, yJtC, JtiOJC, JteB, n ax, nee, iJo.M, 6anm,pM. B 9THX CJIOBax npe,D;CTaBJieHhl see 6 rJiac- u HhiX 3BYKOB pyCCKOrO Jl3h1Ka: (H), (hi), (y), (a), (0], (a). ,Il;JIJI HX 0603HaqeHHJI Ha IIBCbMe HCnOJib3YIOT 10 6yKB: U, W, y, 3, a, O, Jf., JO, e, e. IIO,D;6epH 10 CBOHX npHMepoB, 3aiiBmH HX. rnaCHbie 3BYKH 6biBaiOT B CJIOBe y,ZJ;apHbiMH H 6eay,ZJ;ap- Hb1MH. Y,ZJ;apeHHe HrpaeT BamHyiO pOJib B CJIOBe. 64.IIpoqHTaH, no,D;cKaJKH CJioseqKo. Bee 3HaKOMbl c HaMH: .HpKHe, KaK TIJiaMH, Mhi O,ZJ;HO<}>aMHJIHD;hi C MeJIKHMH rB03,l.J;.HMH. IIonro6y:H:TeCb ,ZJ;HKHMH aJibiMH •••• E1eamepU1-ta CepoBa Bcepbe3 HJIH s IDYTKY ynoTpe6JieHo cJioso oiJnofjJaMuJtu~bt? Ha qeM ocuosaua TYT Hrpa cJios? BhlcryqH pHTM cJios zBoaiJU1eu H zB6aiJuJCu. K KaKoMy cJiosy KaKaJI cxeMa no,D;XOAHT? , , 31http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 32. 65. CocTB.Bb paccymAeHHe H3 ~yx 11acTe:H. IlpaBHJibHO npoH3HOCH ~ cJioBa, B KOTopwx o6oaHalleHo YAapeHHe. EcnH Mbi rrepe~BHHeM y~apeH:He, TO CnOBO 6y~eT 3By'tlaTb He- rrpaB:HnbHO. qacTo ~ena­ IOT OIDH6KH B y~apeH:HH , ~ TaKHX CnOB: 1-l08blU, 83Jl- , ~ , , Jla, uOC1Ca, nOHJlJla, tte- mblpHaOlitamb H ~pyrHx. MOmeT IIOHBHTbCH COBCeM ~pyroe cnoBo. HarrpHMep: , , , nullu - nullu, .MyJCy -, , , .MyJCy, 3a.Mo1C - 3a.M01C,, , , cmo10- cmo10, oeJlo- ce-, JLo • IrroHHna I CocTaBb ABa npeAJIOmeHHJI c ABYMH CJIOBaMH H3 nepBo:H rpynnw, CBJimH npeAJIOiKeHHJI MeiKAY co6o:H. 66.HaHAH CJIOBo, B KOTOPOM YAapeHHe o6oaHal!eHo HenpaBHJibHO. e CTapbiH, B3Hna, O~HHa~u;aTb. . IlpOH3HeCH COOTBeTCTByiO~He CJIOBa yKpaHHCKOrO JI3b1Ka, onpe- AeJIH B HHX YAapeHHe. KaKOH BbiBOA Tbl MOmemb CAeJiaTb? HanHmH He6oJihmoe paccymAeHHe o TOM, nolleMy BamHo yMeTb pa3JIHllaTb YAapHbiH H 6e3yAapHbiH rJiaCHble. npaaMnbHO npOM3HOCMM 6eayAapHble rnaCHble a cnoae, conocTaanReM npoM3HoweHMe M HanMcaHMe cnoaa. CnywaeM: HaXOAMM a npocnywaHHOM HOBOe M M3BeCTHOe 67.IIocJiyma:H. IIOAYMaH, liTO AJIH Te6x 6biJIO HOBbiM B aToM o6'hJIC- ~ HeHHH. Boi aHaeTe, 't!TO rnacHhle 3BYKH B cnoBe oqeHb aaBH- 0 CHT OT y~apeHHH. IJOMHHIDb, KaK Mbl IIOKa3hlBMH :3TO C IIOMOIII;biO mHBbiX 3BYKOB? 32 EcnH y~apeHHe rr~aeT Ha rnacHhlH aByK, TO OH aBy- 't!HT 't!EhKO, HCHO. If MO)KHO IIHCaTb TaK, KaK CnhliDHIDb. HarrpHMep: iJoM, Mapm. A Kor~a y~apeHHe He rr~aeT Ha rnaCHbiH? Tor~a ero rrpOH3HOCHT KpaTKO, cna6o Hn:H ,11;ame 3aMeHHIOT ~pyrHM rnacHbiM 3BYKOM. HarrpHMep, :s-cnoBe MOJlomoJC rrepBbiH u v •• v v rnaCHbiH - KOpOTKHH, He'tleTKHH, Mano IIOXO)KHH Ha http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 33. <<'liHCThiH» 3BYK [o]. A BTOpoH: rJiaCHhiH 3BYK -He [o], a [a] (XOTH IIO,D; y,n;apeHHeM Mbl rrpOH3HeCeM [0] - .MOJlO- mum). ;LJ;JIH TOrO 'lT06bi He C,rt;eJiaTb OmH6KH Ha IIHCbMe, Ha- ,D;O 3aiiOMHHTb, KaK IIHilleTCH CJIOBO C 6eay,n;apHbiM rJiaC- HbiM, HJIH rrpHMeHHTb npaBHJIO. 0Ka3biBaeTCH, eCTb MHOrO npaBHJI 0 6eay,n;apHhiX rJiaCHbiX B pa3HbiX qacTHX cJioBa. Co BpeMeHeM Bhl yaHaeTe HX H HayqHTeCb HMH IIOJib30BaTbCH. A ceiiqac rJiaBHOe- IIOMHHTb• qTo 6eay,n;apHbie rJiaCHble Tpe6yiOT BHHMaHHH, rrpoBepKH. Ha,n;o Hay'lHTbCH aaMe'tlaTb HX B CJIOBe. Ilpe,rt;CTaBbTe, liTO TaKOH rJiaCHhiH 6y,n;TO IIO,n;aeT CHrHaJI MaJieHbKHM KpaCHhiM <);>oHapHKOM! «0CTOpom- HO, H 6eay,n;apHbiH, He c,n;eJiaH OmH6KH Ha IIHCbMel>> H Mhl OTBeqaeM eMY: •;r:t;a-,n;a, cnacH6o aa no,n;cKaaKy, Mbl BH,D;HM, Mhl 6y,n;eM BHHMaTeJibHhll>> O,n;HaKo HMeHTe B BH.n;Y, liTO ,n;ame y,n;apHbie rJiacH:hle IIOCJie 31t, lU, If-, 1f., Uf ITHmyr He ITO CJiyxy, a IIO npaBHJiaM. HarrpHMep: 31tueou, If-UpK, UfYKa, 3/CeJlmbtu. Bhl yme 3HaeTe MHOrHe H3 3THX npaBHJI. qTO H3 TOro, 0 lleM rOBOpHTCH B 3TOM TeKCTe, 6biJIO 3HaKOMO Te6e H paHbiiie? 't.{To HOBO? IlpHBe,D;H npHMepbi CJIOB, B KOTOpbiX rJiaC- HI>Ie HeJib3H nHCaTb no CJIYXY, a CJie,n;yeT pyKOBO,ll;CTBOBaTbCH npaBHJiaMH. ,li;JIH 3TOrO npOCMOTpH npHMepbi, npHBe,D;eHH:ble B TeKCTe. 68.1IpoliHTa:H aara,n;KH. 0Tra,n;a:H Hx. Onpe,n;eJIH y~apeHHe B cnoBax. CpaBHH npoHaHoiiieHHe H HanHcaaHe cJioB c 6eay,n;apHbiMH rnac- HI>IMH. • (H] (H] 1. KoHb cTaJibHoii, xBocT JibHHHOH. 2. JleTHT- 33http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 34. [a] [u] [a] [a] [a] [H), , , , .. , .. MOJitiHT, JiemHT- MOJiliHT, KOI',ZJ;a yMpeT - TOI',ZJ;a peBeT. Bhlyqu aar~KH, aanumu ux no nB.MJITH. 69.HaH,D;H CTpOKY, B KOTOpOH BCe CJIOBa C yp;apeHHeM Ha BTOpOM CJIOre. CJIOBa KaKOH CTpOKH OTBeqaiOT Ha BOnpOChl q To? K To?, KaKOH - Ha BOnpOChl q T 0 lJ. e JI a JI a? q T 0 ClJ. e JI a JI a? 1. ManeHbKHH, OTBeTHJI, OTKaaaJI. 2. CHHmi, BaHmi, 6paJia. 3. Pe6HTa,oKHO,BOJieH6on. IIepeBelJ.H 3TH cJIOBa ua yKpaHHCKHH a3hiK, onpe!J.eJIH y!J.apeuue. CpaBHH npouauomeuue 6eay.n;apHhiX rJiaCHhiX B pyccKOM u yKpa- HHCKOM Jl3hlKax. 70.qTO 31J.eCh uapucoBauo? Ha30BH npe!J.MeThl. c 3anumu CJIOBa, o6oauaqh B HHX y,n;apeuue. CocTaBh TPH npe!J.JIO- .meHua c 3THMH cJIOBaMH. CocTaBh ux TaK, l!T06hl noJiy'1HJIOCh CBJI3HOe BhiCKa3biBaHHe. 71.Ha 3TOH H npe!J.hl,li;Ym;eii cTpaHu:u;ax ecTh uecKOJihKO no6y,n;uTeJih- HhiX u BonpocHTeJihHhiX npe!J.Jio.meuuii. HaiiAH ux, aanumu. O!J.HO H3 noBeCTBOBaTeJihHhiX npe!J.JIO.meuu:R nepe!J.eJia:R B Bonpo- CHTeJihHOe. 72.COCTaBh napbi CJIOB, aanHmH, BCTaBJIJIJI nponym;eHHhle 6yKBhl• n (3TO CJIOBa H3 CUHCKa !J.JIJI 3anOM:HHaHHJ1). IlpoliHTaH no npaBH- lQj JiaM npOH3HOmeHHJI. 34 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 35. P ..ccKa3, B••npoc, cn•.cH6o, Jiy..mHH, HHT.•pecHhiH, .. BH~ ••JI, rpyc..Ho, •.~e, nom••JI, Bli••pa, ·~ ••peB•.H, T••6e, ..TO. npoaepHeM ce6H: BblnOnHHeM TeCTOBble 3aAaHMH 0 TeKCTe M 0 rnaCHbiX 3ByKaX. "'MTaeM MOn'la 73.IlpoBepb, KaK Tbl YCBOHJI MaTepHaJI 0 TeKCTe H 0 I'JiaCHbiX 3ByKax. BbiUOJIHH tieTblpe 3~aHH.R: C TpeM.R: BapHaHT8MH OTBeTOB, KOTO· pble ,D;aCT Te6e yqHTeJib, K KruKJJ;OMY 3a,D;aBHIO no,n;6epH CBOH npHMep. -74.IlOCJie BbiUOJIHeHH.R: nposepOtiHOH pa60Tbl npOtiHTaH •,ZJ;JI.R: ce6.R:~ TeKCT, KOTOpbiH npe,D;JIO'KHT yqHTeJib. IlO,ZJ;eJIHCb CBOHM MHeHHeM 0 npOtiHTaHHOM C O,ZJ;HOKJiaCCHHKaMH. HaXOAMM n03MI.MM, B KOTOpbiX MO>KHO (Henb3H) o6o3Ha~o~aTb cornaCHble 3BYKM no cnyxy. roaopMM: COCTa&nHeM paCCY>KAeHMe 75.IlpOtiHTaH. IlpHCJiymaHC.R:, KaKHe COrJiaCHble 3ByKH CJiblillHee BCei'O B aTHX CTHX8.X. IaKyiO KapTHHY OHH ITOMOI'aiOT npe,D;CTa- BHTb? CKamH norpoMtie CJIOBO «rpOM)) - rpoxotieT CJIOBO, CJIOBHO rpOM. CKamH rroTHme: << illeCTb MbiiDaT»,- H cpa3y MhiiDH 3amypmaT. AznUJl. Bapmo cpa3y CnHillH CTHXOTBOpeHHe. HaHJJ;H B HeM ,D;Ba CJIOBa, B KOTOpbiX I'JiaCHbiX H COI'JiaCHbiX 3BYKOB nopOBHY. Ha:H,n;u B yqe6HHKe ynp. 67, e~e pa3 npo'1HTaH TeKcT o6 y,ZJ;apHbiX H 6e3y,D;apHbiX I'JiaCHbiX. 3aMeHH ,D;aHHble TaM npHMepbi CJIOB8.MH H3 CTHXOTBopeHH.R: A. BapTo. 35http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 36. 76.Paara,n;a.H pe6ychi. IIpOTIHTaH o6'bSICHeaue o,z~;uoro ua HHX. qT06hi paara,n;aTb nepBhiH pe6yc, aymuo: onpe,D;eJIHTb, liTO HapHCOBaHo; DpOH3HeCTH n;eDOTIKY 3BYKOB 3Toro CJIOBa; y6paTb DOCJie,D;HHH 3BYK (DOTOMY TITO cnpaBa OT pHCYHKa CTOHT aanSITaR); I , I.n;o6aBHTb K OCTaBWHMCSI3ByKaM 3BYK (a]. ~eiiO'tiK8 Ilo ,z~;aHHOMy o6paan;y paccKamH, KaK paara,z~;aTb BTopoi pe6yc. CocTaBb ue6oJI~:omoe CBSI3Hoe BhiCKa3hiBaHHe o pe6yce, o TOM, KaK 'ero paara,n;biBaTb. IIonpo6yH: ,z~;o6aBHTb B ,z~;aHHhie pe6ychi ,D;pyrHe aayKH. IIoJiyqHTCSI JIH ,D;pyroe CJIOBO? 77.llpOTIHTaH, CDHWH. HaH,D;H H OTMeTb Te CJIOBa, B KOTOpbiX BCe ~ COrJiaCHhie HaXO,D;SITCSI nepe,D; rJiaCHbiMH. HaH,D;H Te CJIOBa, B KOTO- IQJ pbiX ecTb corJiaCHble B Koun;e CJIOBa HJIH nepe,z~; ,D;pyrHM corJiac- HbiM. IIo,z~;qepKHH HX. C~aTL,nyqme,pHcoBarr,pa6oTa,~ory,qTo6hl,TO'ti­ HO, <l>YTOOR, xopomo~ HHTepeCHLIH, IIOKa.my, ~eiiO'tiKa, noro)J;a. KaKHe CJIOBa OTBe'tlaiOT Ha BODpOChi TITO ,D; e JI a JI?, ll T 0 C,D; e - JI a 10? CocTaBb uecKOJibKO CBSI3aHHhiX Mem,z~;y co6oH: npe,z~;Jiomeuui CHeKOTOphiMH H3 3THX CJIOB. 78.IIpOTIHTaH. ~ Thl noMHHmL caMoe Ba.mHoe npaBHno o npaBonu- caHHH rJiaCHhlX? 0HO npOCTOe: •IIHmH TaK, KaK CRhl- IllHillb, TORbKO Te rnaCHhle, KOTOphle CTOHT ITO)); yJJ;ape- HHeM. A 6eayJJ;apHhle rnacHhle Tpe6yroT npoBepKH•. 36 EcTL JIH noxo.mee rrpaBHno H JJ;n.a cornacHhlx? Kor,l(a nepe.n; cornacHhlM aa.mHrae't'C.a <}>oHapHK H CHrHarrHT: •OcTopo.mHo, He c)J;ena:H omH6KHI•? http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 37. .. BoT o6~ee npaBHJIO ~JIH corJiaCHhlx: ..eCJIH COrJiaCHhiH CTOHT nepe~ rJiaCHhiM, TO ~ nepe~ ~pyrHM corJiaCHhiM HJIH B KOHD;e CJIOBa, TO Momuo o6oauallaTh ero no CJIYXY. HcKJIIOqeBHe: oKoH- llaHHe -Ot-0, -et.O (npoHaHO- CHM aByK (B], a UHmeM 6YKBY t.). HanpHMep: 6o;u,- wot.o, cunet.o. +06hi'IHO HymHO npOBe- pHTb ero HanHcauHe. Ha- npHMep: Mopoa, Mopoa- Ko -- npoHaHOCHM aByK (c], a nHmeM 6yKBy a; 8UH- muK -- npOHaHOCHM MHr- KHH corJiacHhiH asyK [H'], HO 6yKBY b He UHllieM. 9To npaBHJIO AaBo uenpHBb[liHO - s BHAe aJiropHTMa. CocTaBb no BeMY paccy>KAeBHe, COCTOR~ee H3 AByx qacTeH. TpyAHee HJIH npo~e paOOT8Tb CDpaBHJIOM B BRAe aJirOpHTMa? npaaMnbHO npOM3HOCMM 3BOHKMe M rnyxMe cornacHble (A3BiHKi Ta rnyxi npMronocHi). ConocTaanReM npOM3HOWeHMe M HanMC3HMe Cnoaa. CnywaeM, paanMqaeM aaoHKMe M rnyxMe cornacHble aayKM. roaopMM: COCT3BnReM BbiCK33biB3HMe no nocnoaM"'e 79.1IpoqHTai, DOCTapaHCJI yCJihiW8Tb, noqyBCTBOB8Tb TO, 0 tieM ~ 3AeCb rosopHTca. llotteMy aBOHKHe H rJiyXHe COrJiaCHhle TaK HaahiBa- IOTCH? ,z::r;a UOTOMy, liTO aBOHKHe COrJiaCHhle npOHaHOCHT- CH aBYliHO, aBOHKo: [6], [s], [r], [~], [m], [a]. A rJiyxue npoHaHOCHTCH 6ea rOJIOCa, KaK 6hl menOTOM: (n], (cp], [K], [T], [m], (c]. PaaJIHliHTb HX MOa(HO He TOJibKO Ha CJiyX. llpHJIOmH UaJibD;hl K ropJiy H npoHaHeCH aBOHKHe COrJiaCHhle, uanpHMep [a], (~]. llaJihD;hl ttyscTBYIOT APOmaHHe: 3TO pa60TaiOT rOJIOCOBWe CBJiaKH, OHH ~aiOT aByKY rOJIOC. 37http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 38. l.ff"l ~ A Terrepb rrpOH3HeCH rJiyXHe corJiaCHbie menOTOM, 6e3 roJioca: [c], [T]. ,Il;pomaHHH no.n; naJib~aMJil He ,n;oJim- HO 6biTb. EcJIH me oHo ecTb, 3HaqHT Tbi rrpoH3HocHmh rJiyxae corJiaCHble He COBCeM npaBHJibHO. llonpo6y:R em;e pa3, rrpoBepb ce6H, rrpHJIOmHB naJih~bi K ropJiy: ... ... ... IlpOH3HeCH napy <<3BOHKHH - rJiyXOH>> COrJiaCHbiH, OID;YTH pa3HH~y Mem,n;y HHMH: 6 - n, 8 ;,_ f}J, Z ·- K, a- m, 3/C - zu, 3 - c. SO.IIpotiHTaii BcJiyx. IlpncJiywaiicH K 3BYtiaHHIO cJioB, npocJie,ZJ;H aa CBOHM npOH3HOIIIeHHeM. B KOHD;e CJIOBa npOH3HOCH I'JIYXHe CO- I'JiaCHbie (n], (<l>], (K], (T], (III], (c), a He 3BOHKHe (6], (B), [r], (,ZJ;], [m], [a]. 1. KJiy6, rpa6, JI06. 2. KHeB, noceB, 3aTaHB. 3. <l>Jiar, ,n;pyr, ITOMOr. 4. ropo,n;, ca.n;, qa,n;. 5. Pomb, ym, JIQjKb. 6. PaccKa3, pa3, rJia3. ATenepb nponaHecn HenapHbie corJiaCHbie p, n,, M, n, u. IlpncJiyma:Hca, 3BOHKHe OHH HJIH rJiyxne? A HenapHb!e corJiac- Hb!e -q., 1£, 11+? KaKne na corJiaCHb!X ecTb B ,ZJ;aHHb!X cJiosax? PacCI~amn o6 oco6eHHOCTHX nponaHoiiieHHH ,ZJ;aHHb!X cJioB. 81.IIpaBHJJ;bHO npoHaHecH. CpaBHH corJiaCHb!e B KOHD;e cJioB. IIo-pyccKH llo-yKpaHHCKH ,n;pyr ,n;pyr [K] KHeB KHIB [<l>] . . I CocTaBb ,ZJ;Ba npe,ZJ;JiomeHHJI c 3THMH cJioBaMH (no-pyccKH). CB.a- mH 3TH npe,ZJ;JiomeHHH Mem,ZJ;y co6oii. 82.IlpOl!HTaH llOCJIOBHD;bi, onpe,ZJ;eJIH HX TeMy. 06'bJICHH llOCJie,ZJ;HIOIO a ~OCJIOBHD;y. HanHIIIH KOpOTKOe BbiCKa3b!BaHHe 0 TOM, KaK Tbi ee ~ llOHHMaemb (,ZJ;Ba-TpH npe,ZJ;JIOmeHHH). 38 1. Tpy,n; qeJioBeKa KOPMHT, a JieHb rropTHT. 2. .[l;oJior ,n;eHb ,ll;O Beqepa, KOr,n;a ,n;eJiaTb Heqero. 3. rpH60B HID;YT - no Jiecy phlm;yT. 4. KTo He nameT, y Toro, H orpexoB HeT. • CpaBHH npoHaHoiiieHne H HanHcaH:He CJIOB mpyiJ, iJoJtoz, zpu6oe, ozpexoe. KaRon asyK npoHaHocn~ KoH.u;e, KaKyiO 6yKBY n:mneM? http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 39. npaBMnbHO npOM3HOCMM 3BOHKMe M rnyxMe cornacHble. 'iMTaeM, npeAyraAbiBaeM COAep>KaHMe 83.IIpoliHTaH, orrpe~eJIH TeMy TeKcTa, rro~6epu aaroJIOBOK. IIpa- BHJI:&Ho npOH3HeCH CJIOBO mempaiJb, IIOTOM nporOBOpH ero TaK, KaK CJie,D;yeT IIHCaTb. KaKOH 3BYK npOH3HOCHM B KOHIJ;e 3TOI'O CJIO- Ba, KaKHMH 6yKBaMH OH 0603Haqeu? BoT MOH HOBax TeTp~b. Y Hee M.HrKax o6JiomKa. Ha 06JIOmKe- HeCKOJibKO KOpoTKHX JIHHHH ,D;JIH IIO,D;ITHCH. 3,n;ecb ecTb e~e H pHcyaoK, liT06hl BeceJiee 6hiJio 6paTb TeTp~b B pyKH. KaKOe H3 npe~JI9>KeHHH CBSI3aHO C npe~LI~~HM C IIOMOID;biO IIO- BTOpa CJIOBa? BLI6epH: 1) nepBOe CO BTOpLIM, 2) BTOpOe C TpeT:&HM, 3) TpeT:&e C qeTBepTLIM. 84.IIpoquTa:H npaBHJI:&Bo. BMecTo 3BOHKoro cornacHoro rrpouauocu n ero napy- l'JIYXOH COI'JiaCHLIH - B KOBI.l;e CJIOBa H nepe,D; l'JIYXHM U cornaCHbiM. Cnumu, no,D;qepKBH BLI,D;eJieBHble 6yKBbl. rJiaaa - rJiaa ro,n;hl - ro,z:t; IIOMOry - IIOMOr rpHOhl - rpHo ,n;opozeHLKa - ,n;opozKa JIO,lJ;OliKa - JIO,IJ;Ka rOJIOBa - rOJIOBKa KOpOOOliKa - KOpOOKa Bee - scero IIO,IJ;KpaJIC.H BCMOTpeJIHCb 85. IlepeBe~H ua YKPaHHCKHH Sl3hlK napy enos pw6a - pw6~ea. CocTaB:& KOPOTKO paccym,D;eaue o TOM, KaK • Be,D;yT ce6sr• aaoBKHe COI'JiaCBble B pyCCKOM H yKpaHBCKOM SI3LIKaX. IlpHBe,D;H HeCKOJibKO npHMepoB, MO>Kem:& HCllOJib30BaTb CJIOBa H3 ynp. 84. 86.,Il;OIIOJIHH npe,D;JIO>KeHHSI. Ilapbl 3BOBKHX H l'JIYXHX COI'JiaCHbiX Tbl ~ Haii,D;em:& B ynp. 79. llepe,n; rJiaCHhiM 3BYKOM MOmeT 6h1Tb H 3BOHKHH, H rJiyxo:H corJiaCHhiH. HoB ••• CJIOBa 3BOHKHH corJiaCHhiH, y KOToporo ec~b napa, aaMeHHeTc.H •••• To me rrpoHcxo- ,D;HT H •••• ,lJ; JI .H C II p a B 0 K. IfepeiJ ZJtYXUM COZJtQCltblM, ZJty- XUM, KOHije. 39http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 40. 87.BcnoMHH, KaK Bbl o6cym~8.JIH, «liTO MomeT 6h1Tb ~aJibme•, npH cJiymaHHH paccKaaa B. ,IJ;ypoBa «¥ KJiaccaoH: ~OCKH• (ynp. 36). 0Ka3biBaeTCH, liHTaTb H ~yMaTb 0 TOM, liTO 6y~eT ~8.Jibme, TaK me samao, KaK npe~cKa3biBaTb co~epmaHHe npH cJiymaHHH. IIopa6oTa-HTe B napax H~ paccKaaoM MHxaHJia IlpHmBHHa «raeliKH•. BHali8.Jie O~HB H3 BaC lJHTaeT BIIOJirOJIOCa 1-H OTpbiBOK H BOIIpOCbl K HeMy. ,L{pyrOH CJiymaeT, OTBellaeT Ha BOIIpOCbl, npe~yr~biBaeT, liTO, no ero MHeHHIO, 6y~eT ~8.Jibme. IloTOM Bbl MeHHeTeCb pOJIHMH H pa60TaeTe H~ CJie~yiOID;HM OTpbiBKOM H T.~. 40 rAEl.JKH MHe nonana copHHKa B rJiaa. IIoKa H ee BhiHHMan, .. .. B ,D;pyroH rJiaa em;e nonana copHHKa. Tor,D;a H 3aMeTHJI, 'lTO BeTep HeCeT Ha MeH.H OIIHJIKH H OHH TYT me JIOmaTC.H ,D;OpOmKOH B HarrpaBJieHHH BeTpa. 3Ha'lHT, B TOH CTOpOHe, OTKy,D;a 6biJI BeTep, KTO-TO pa6o- TaJI Ha,ZJ; CYXHM ,D;epeBOM. 1-s OCT8BOBK8 'tJTO aa COpHHKH IIOD8.JIH B r Jia3a paCCKa3liHKy? 'tJTO OH 3aMe- THJI Ha 3eMJie? KaK Tbl ~yMaemh, liTO 6y~eT ~8.Jibme? KTo aTo «pa6oTaJI H~ ~epeBOM•? H nomeJI Ha BeTep no 3TOH 6eJIOH ,D;OpomKe OIIHJIOK H CKOpO YBH,D;eJI, 1ITO 3TO ,D;Be CaMhle MaJieHbKHe CHHHD;hl, raHKH- CH3hle, C 'lepHhiMH IIOJIOCKaMH Ha 6eJihiX nyx- JieHbKHX m;e'lKax,- pa6oTanH HocaMH no cyxoMy ,D;epe- BY H ,D;06hiBaJIH ce6e HaceKOMhiX B rHHJIOH ,D;peBeCHHe. Pa6oTa mJia TaK 60HKO, 'lTO IITH'lKH Ha MOHX rJia3ax BCe rJiy6me H rJiy6me YXO,D;HJIH B ,D;epeBO• .fl TeprreJIHBO CMO- TpeJI Ha HHX B 6HHOKJib, IIOKa, HaKOHeD;, OT O,D;HOH rae'l- KH Ha BH,D;y OCTaJIC.H JIHIDb XBOCTHK. 2-JI OCT8BOBK8 IlpaBHJibHhiM JIH 6hiJIO npe~rroJiomeaue? KTo aTo H aalleM ~OJI6HJI ~epeBo? lCaKHM o6pa30M raeliKH yxO~HJIH BTOJIID;Y Aepesa? 'tJTO, IIO-TBOeMy, 6y~eT ~8.Jibme? IlolleMy Tbl TaK ~YMaemb? Tor,D;a H THXOHe'lKO aameJI C ,D;pyroif CTOpOHhi, IIO,D;- KpaJIC.H H TO MeCTO, r,D;e TOp'lHT XBOCTHK, IIOKphiJI Jia,D;O- HbiO. IITH'lKa B ,D;YIIJie He C,D;eJia.Jia HH O,D;HOrO ,D;BHmeHH.H H cpaay KaK 6y,D;TO yMepJia• .H npHH.HJI Jia,D;OHb, no~poraJI http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 41. rraJih~eM B,ZJ;OJih crrHHKH - JiemHT, KaK y6HTasr. A ,z:r;pyrasr rae~Ka CH,ZJ;eJia Ha BeTKe B ,ZJ;Byx-Tpex marax H IIOIIHCKHBa- Jia. MomHo 6h!JIO ,z:r;ora,z:r;aThCSI, ~To oHa y6em,n;aJia no,z:r;pyry JiemaTh KaK MOmHO CMHpHee. «Thl,- rOBOpHJia OHa,- JiemH H MOJI~H, a Sl 6y,n;y OKOJIO Hero IIHIIJ;aTh; OH IIOrOHHT- u u CSI aa MHOH, Sl IIOJie~y, H Thl TOr,ZJ;a He 3eBaH». 3-H OCT&HOBKa IIpaBHJibHLIM JIH 6LIJIO npe~rroJioateHHe? liTo c~eJiaJI treJioBeK, Kor~a no~oweJI K ~epeBy? KaK BeJIH ce6.H raetrKH? liTo, no-TBOeMy, 6y~eT ~aJII>me? IIotreMy TDI TaR ~yMaemb? .fl He CTaJI MY~HTh IITH~KY, OTOmeJI B CTOpOHY H Ha6JIIO,ZJ;aJI, ~To 6y,n;eT ,ZJ;aJihme. MHe npHmJIOCh CTOSITh ,ZJ;OBOJihHO ,ZJ;OJirO, IIOTOMY ~TO CB06o,z:r;HaSI raii:Ka BH,ZJ;eJia MeHsr H rrpe,n;ynpem,n;aJia nJieHHyiO: - Jly~me IIOJiemH HeMHOrO, a TO OH TyT, He,ZJ;aJieKO, CTOHT H CMOTpHT••• TaK Sl O~eHh ,ZJ;OJirO CTOSIJI, IIOKa HaKOHe~ CB060,ZJ;HaSI raii:Ka He npOIIHIIJ;aJia COBCeM OC06eHHhiM rOJIOCOM, KaK Sl ,ZJ;Ora,ZJ;hiBaiOCh: - BhiJieaaii, HHt~ero He no,z:r;eJiaemh: CTOHT. XBocT Hc~ea. IIoKaaaJiach roJioBKa c ~epHoii noJioc- Koii Ha m;eKe. IIHCKHyJia: - r,z:r;e me OH? - BoT CTOHT, - rrHCKHyJia ,n;pyrasr.- BH,z:r;Hmh? -A, BHmyt- rrHCKHyna rrJieHHH~a. 4-Sl OCTaHOBKa IIo~TBep~HJIOCb JIH TBoe rrpe~noJiomeHHe? liTo •coBeTOBaJia• o~Ha raetrKa ~pyro:H? KaK TLI ~-yMaem~>, 'tiTO 6y~eT ~aJILme? lf BhiiiOpXHyJia. 0HH OTJieTeJIH BCero Ha HeCKOJihKO maroB·H, HaBepHoe, ycneJIH menHyTh ,z:r;pyr ,n;pyry: - ,lJ;aBaH IIOCMOTpHM, MOmeT 6:b1Th, OH ymeJI. CeJIH Ha BepxHIOIO BeTKY. BcMoTpeJIHCh. - CTmiT,- cKaaaJia o,n;Ha. 6y,n;To - CTOHT,- cKaaaJia ,n;pyrasr. ot~eHh H y JieTeJIH. Muxau.n IIpuweun 41http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 42. 5-R OCT3BOBKa IlpaBHJihHblM JIH 6LIJIO TBoe rrpeAJIOJiomeHHe? 'tJ:eM 38KOH'lHJiaCL 3Ta HCTOpH.H? 88.K KOMY (aBTOpy, raeliKaM) MO)KHO OTHeCTH ,n;aHHLie CJIOBa? PaccepmeHHbiH, :acnyraHHbiH, ;no6onbiTHhlH, Tepne- JIHBhli, BepHhlH, Ha6JIIO,ZJ;aTeJibHbiH, ,n;o6pbiH, JIOBKHH, ... KpaCHBhlH. IIepecKamH paccKaa OT CBOero HMeHH; npo,n;yMa.H, liTO aa 'leM Ha- .n;o paccKaaLIBaTL. 89.HanHIDH ,D;Ba-TpH npe,D;JIO)KeHHR 0 TOM, liTO noHpaBHJIOCL (He no- n HpaBHJIOCL) B paCCKa3e .raeliKH•, HJIH 0 TOM, KaK BaM pa6oTa- tQ_J JIOCL B nape. "'MTaeM 8 nM1.48X. roaopMM: nepecKa3blaaeM npo'tMTaHHoe; COCTaBnReM 33r3AKY 90.IlpoliHTaH. ~ Bo MHor:ax Hapo,n;Hhlx cKaaKax roBopHTCH o np:apo- ,D;e, 0 BpeMeHaX ro,n;a. repOHMH TaKHX CKa30K qaCTO Bhl- CTynaiOT CHJihl npHpO,ll;bi: BeTep, MOp03. B HHX, KaK ... mHBhle, ,n;eHCTBYIOT COJIHII,e"H MeCHII,, peqKa H rp0.30BaH Tyqa. QqeHb MHoro cKaaoK cJiomeHo o6 oceHH. OceHb ocBo6om,n;aJia KpecTbHHHHa OT aeMJie,n;eJibqec- KHX pa6oT, Harpam,n;aH aa Tpy,n;hl BpeMeHHhlM OT,lJ;biXOM. ~e,n;paH, 6oraTaH, oHa yKpamaJia aeMJIIO aoJIOThlM HapH,n;oM. HacTynaJia nopa BecE~JihlX CBa,n;e6. l.JTo6hl npoBepHTb CMeKaJIKY, Ha6JIIO,ll;aTeJibHOCTb, YM meHHXa H HeBeCThl, oqeHb qacTO IIpH6eraJIH K H3JII06JieHHOMY B Hapo,n;e rrp:aeMy - aara,n;biBaHHIO aara,n;oK. KaKHe Tbl 3HaemL CKa3KH, B KOTOpLIX ,D;eHCTBYIOT CHJILI npHpO,D;.LI? 91.IlpO'IHTaHTe B JIHD;ax. 42 30JIOTOH BEHOK m:aJia-6biJia KpeCTbHHCKa.H ,n;oqb MameHbKa. Oce- HbiO npHmJIH ,li;JIH Hee pa,n;OCTHhle ,li;HH - C JII06HMbiM HBaHoM ryJIHTb, cBa,n;b6y :arpaTb. A qT06bi Ha cBa,n;b6e ce6H yKpacHTb, oTnpaBHJiacb Mama B noJie - Ha roJIOBY http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 43. BeHOK COBHBaTh. flo IIOJIIO OHa XO~HJia, pe~KHe D;BeTbl Haxo~HJia, cpbiBa.n:a H B pyKaB rroKJIMhiBa.n:a. Ha pyKa- Ba 6pa.n:a H BeHOK rOJiy60H IIJieJia. B~pyr OTKy~a B3H- JIHCb - 6yiiHhlH BeTep, mn6KHH Bnxopb H ~po6HhlH ,D;om~h. CxBaTHJIH y Mamn CB~e6HbiH BeHoK c roJIOBhi, ... C pyCOH KOCbl, H IIOHeCJIH BeHOK IIO 'IHCTOMY IIOJIIO, IIO CblpOMY 6opy ~a 6pOCHJIH-IIYCTHJIH B CHHee MOpe. IIo- mJia Mama, aarrJiaKaBmH. HaBcTpeqy e:R np;yT TPH ~opo~Hhlx cJiaBHhiX MoJio~- n;a. OcTaHOBHJIHCb OHH H crrpamnBaiOT: - 3~paBcTByii, KpacHaH ~eBnn;a! Ky~a H~emh? - H n~y, cBoii BeHoK n~y, - OTBe'IaeT Mama. - 0TrMaH HamH aara~KH, H Mbl TBOH BeHOK HaH- .. ~eM. . CorJiaCHJiacb Mama Ha 3TOT yroBop-ycJIOBHe. BoT ~o- 6pble MOJIO~D;bl H aarMhlBaiOT: q TO 6ea orHH ropnT? q TO 'I~e Jiecy? qTo myMHT 6ea npnMeThl? q TO 6emHT 6ea rrporoHy? q TO n;BeTeT 6ea pacn;BeTy? q TO paCTeT 6ea KOpeHb.H? qTO B BO~e JiemHT ~a He TOHeT? He p;oJiro ~yMa.n:a Mama, oTrMa.n:a Bee aarMKH, pac- CKa3biBa.n:a: CoJIHn;e 6ea orHH ropHT. 3Bea~hl Ha He6e 'Ia~e Jiecy. BeTep myMHT 6ea rrpnMeTbi. Bo~a 6emHT 6ea rrporoHy. EJih n;BeTeT 6ea pacn;BeTy. KaMeHh pacTeT 6ea KopeHbH. TeHb B BO,z:t;e JiemHT ~a He TOBeT. - ,D;o6po-xopomo oTrMa.n:a Thl HamH aara~H,- ro- BOPHT MoJio~n;hl. - A aHaemh JIH Thl, KpacHaH ~eBHn;a, KTO Mbl TaKHe, Ky~a H~eM H 'ITO ~eJiaeM? -ReT",- OT.Be'IaeT Mama. - Mbi - CbiHOBhH MaTymKH OceHH: 6yHHhlH BeTep, 43http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 44. mH6KHii BHxopb H ,ZJ;po6HhlH ,I(om,ZJ;b. Mbi Hanepe,ZJ; MaTymKH H,ZJ;eM, ,ZJ;opory MeTeM. ITo ,ZJ;y6paBaM xo,ZJ;HM- •• •• ryJuleM, ,ZJ;epeBbH paa,ZJ;eBaeM, :n;BeTbe ,ZJ;a JIHCTbe cphlBa- eM, B 3eMJIIO 3apb1BaeM. 3TO Mbl y Te6.H CBa,ZJ;e6HbiH BeHOK yHeCJIH. ,I(a 3a TBOIO CMeKaJIKY, ,ZJ;OrB.,ZJ;JIHBOCTb Mhl BeHOK Te6e npHHeCeM. . IIomJIH BeTep, BHxOpb H ,ll;om,ZJ;b H npHHeCJIH BeHOK. ToJibKO Mama Ha,ZJ;eJia ero Ha roJioBy, Ha pycyro Kocy, KaK B,ZJ;pyr BeHOK roJiy6oii CTaJI aoJioToii. TaK MaTymKa 6oraTa.H OceHb ee HarpB.,ZJ;HJia - CBa..,n;e6HhlM TIO,ZJ;apKOM O,ZJ;apHJia. PyccKaa aapo,IJ;aaa cKaBKa IIepecKa>KH O,IJ;Hy H3 ~acTeH CKa3KH (no B.hl6opy). 1. 0 TOM, KaK Mama nJieJia BeHOK. 2. 0 BCTpe-qe MamH c TpeMH M6Jio,ZJ;n;aMH. 3. 0 TOM, KTO 6biJIH 3TH MOJIO,ZJ;D;bl. 92.CnHmH aara,IJ;KH H OTra,IJ;KH H3 CKaaKH (C 3oJioToii seaoK• (ynp. 91), ~ COCTaBb 3ara,IJ;Ky 06 O)J;HOM H3 nepCOHa>KeH CKa3KH. 'iMTaeM Bblp33MTenbHO, npMcnyWMBaeMCSI K 3By'faHMJO n03TM'feCKoro cnoaa. roaopMM: COCTaBnReM AManor 93.IIpo~HTaii. ~ 44 3BYKOIHfCh IIpHcJiymHBaTbCH K 3By"tlaHHIO cJioBa .- aTo TaK HHTepecHoi EcJIH Thl aTo yMeem.b, To, HaBepHoe, npa- BHJibHO npOH3HOCHillb CJIOBa, JierKO cnpaBJISeillbC.H c aa..,n;aHHHMH no 3ByKaM H 6yKBaM. A RpoMe Toro, yMe- HHe BCJIYillHBaTbC.H B 3By"tlaHHe pel:IH ITOMOraeT Jiy-qme OD;eHHTb RpacoTy, Bhlpa3HTeJibHOCTb .H3hlKa Xy,ZJ;omecT- ... BeHHhlX npOH3Be,ZJ;eHHH. ,I(JIH TOrO "tiT06hl TIO-HaCTO.HID;eMy ITOHHMaTb Xy,ZJ;omeCTBeHHble npOH3Be,ZJ;eHHH, "tiT06bl OHH npHHOCH- JIH pB.,ZJ;OCTb, MaJIO 3HaTb 83hlK, Ha KOTOpOM OHH HaiTH- CaHhl. HymHo eiD;e yMeTb OTKPbiBaTb oco6bie ceRpeTbl. 0,ZJ;HH H3 TaKHX ceKpeTOB Mhl ceii~ac pacKpoeM BMeCTe. • http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 45. llpOliHTaH CTHXOTBOpeHHe 3MMhl MomKOBCKOH • TeJierpaMMa• • TeJierpaMMY - rpaMMY - . rpaMMY PaHo YTPOM npHHecJIH. Paa6y~HJIH- )J;HJIH - )J;HJIH,- Paa6y,D;HJIH H ymJIH. Y,D;HBHJIHCb Mhl nOTOM: TeJierpaMMa - rpaMMa - rpaMMa- B TOT coce~HHH - ce,n;HHH ~OM! CKaaaHo JIH B CTHXOTBopeHHH, liTO noliTaJibOH CTYlJaJI HJIH 3BOHHJI? ToT, KTO ew;e He OTKphiJI CeKpeT, MOmeT OTBeTHTb: •HeT, TaM 06 3TOM HHllero He rOBOpHT- csd• Ho npHcJiyma:HTecb noJiy-qme! •Paa6y,n;HJIH - ,D;HJIH - )J;HJIH!• - Be,D;b STO nOliTa- JibOH 3BOHHT! •TeJierpaMMY - rpaMMY - rpaMMY ppaHO YTPOM nppHHeCJIH•,- a Be~b TYT CJihlillHO, KaK noqTaJibOH CTYlJHT! B CTHXaX Kam~hiH MOmeT yCJihlillaTb CBOe, llero ~py­ rHe He 3aMella10T. llycTb O~HH YCJihlillaJIH B •TeJierpaM- Me• CTyK, ~pyrHe - 3BOHOK, a TpeTbH- H TO H ~pyroe. rJiaBHOe, liT06hl Bhl liTO-TO YCJihlillaJIH. A 3TO aHaqHT, liTO Bhl OTKphiJIH o~HH BamHhiH ceK- peT: ITHCaTeJib no~6HpaeT CJIOBa He TOJibKO no CMhiCJIY, HO ew;e H no aBy-qaHHJO, oH aByKaMH nHmeT. H ceKpeT , 3TOT Ha3hiBaeTCH •aByKOnHCb•. ITo BaouMy JIeeuny PacCKR)KH, KRK T&I UOHHMaemb B&Ip&JKeHHe 3ByKaMU nutuem, no~6epH npHMep&I CJIOB, SlpKHX, B&Ipa3HTeJibH&IX UO 3BytlaHHIO (xyxxum, c1epexem H ~p.). 45http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 46. 94. IlpOliHTaH CKOpOrOBOpKy BHal.J:aJie Me~JieHHO, l!eTKO, TIOTOM BCe 6biCTpee. Y~al.JHO JIH no~o6paHbl TIO 3Byl.JaHHIO B HeH CJIOBa? MO.>KHO JIH npHMeHHTb K 3TOH CKOpOrOBOpKe CJIOBO ((3BYKOITHCb•? OT TonoTa KOIIhiT IIhiJih no rroJIIO JieTHT. 95. IlpOl.IHTaH Bblpa3HTeJibHO, npHCJiymaHCSI. IlOJib3yeTCSI JIH aBTOp 3ByKOTIHCbiO? 06BeHH Bem;e101 .n;peMOTOH, IloJiypa3.n;eThiH Jiec rpycTHT••• M3 JieTHHX JIHCTheB pa3Be coThiH, BJieCTH oceHHeH rro30JIOTOH, E:w;e Ha BeTBH meJieCTHT. <Peoop T10m1tee Cnnmn. BDiyl.IH HanaycTb. 96.Ilpn~yMaH He60JibiiiOH ~HaJIOr Me.m~y D;BeTKOM H .>KYKOM (nl.le- JIOH), TIOCTapaHCSI HCITOJib30BaTb 3BYKOTIHCb B no~6ope CJIOB. 97.IlpaBHJibHO npOH3HeCH, COHIIIH ~aHHbie CJIOBa. 06'bSICHH, KaK:He n OC06eHHOCTH npOH3HOIIIeHHSI H HaiTHCaHHSI 3THX CJIOB CBSI3aHbl CO fQj 3BOHKHMH - rJIYXHMH, a KaKHe- C TBep~biMH - MSirKHMH CO- rJiaCHbiMH. KaKHe na 3THX CJIOB eCTb B TeKcTe ((3ByKon:Hcb• (ynp. 93)? J Be,ll;h I liHTepeCHO, CTHXH, IlpHHeCJIH, BMeCTe, pa,li;OCT_h, Bhi- pa3HTeJihHOCTh,CeKpeTOB,Be,ll;h,3BYKOB,CMOr,cTOJI6~hi. CocTaBb H3 3THX CJI6B HeCKOJibKO colieTaHHH CJIOB. Mo.memb na- • MeHSITb <):>opMy cJioBa, Hanp:HMep: cmoJL6lfbt. cmuxoB. npaaMnbHO npOM3HOCMM TBepAble M MSirKMe COrnaCHble (TBepAi M M'SIKi npMronocHi). ConocTaBnHeM npOM3HOWeHMe M HanMCaHMe CnOBa. roaopMM: nepecKa3biBaeM npo'4MTaHHoe; COCTaBnHeM AManor B pyccKoM H3hiKe, KaK H B yKpaHHCKOM, ecTh TBep- ,ll;bie H MHrKHe COrJiaCHhie. HoB pyCCKOM H3hiKe MHOrHe COrJiaCHhie 3HRtUITeJihHO 6oJiee MHrKHe, qeM B yKpaHH- •-- cKoM. M yrroTpe6JIHIOTCH oHH 3aqacTyiO TaM (yqeHhie . . 1 Bel-l{UU - TOT, KTO MO.>KeT npe~BH~eTb 6yp;ym;ee. 46 • http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 47. ~ BMeCTO «TaM~ CKa38.JIH 6hi «B TeX II03H~HHX~ ), r~e ~ B yKpaHHCKOM H3h1Ke ynoTpe6JIHIOT TBep~hle COrJiaC- ~ Hhle. 98.IIpoH3HecH CJIOBO, npHcJiyma:HcH K ero 3By"t!aHHIO. KaKHe corJiacHDie B HeM TBep,n;Die, KaKHe - MHrK~e? 99.IlpO"t!HTaH, OTra,n;aif, CnHWH 3ara,n;Ky. 06'bHCHH pa3ra,D;Ky• . IIoca~HJIH aepHhlillKO, BhlpaCTHJIH COJIHhlillKO. lOO.IIpO"t!HTaH, ,n;o6aBb ,D;Ba-TpH npe,n;JiomeHHSI, "t!T06LI 3aBepmHTb TeKCT. Y MeHH Ha JI~OHH JiemnT ceMeqKo no~coJIHyxa. Ma- JieHbKoe, qepHoe. A noc~Hmh ero B aeMJIIO - H3 Hero IIOHBHTCH pOCToqeK. ••• 101. TBep,D;bie H MSirKHe COrJiaCHbie "tJaCTO npOH3HOCHT He COBCeM TaK, n KaK 3TO HymHO no npaBHJiaM pyCCKOrO H3hiKa. 'tJa~e BCerO BMe- Lj CTO MSirKHX [K'), [r' ), [x' ) H [6' ], (n'), (M'), [<I>'], (p') OWH60"t!HO npo- H3HOCSIT noxomHe Ha HHX (napHble HM) TBep,D;bie COrJiaCHhle. ,lJ;eJiaiOT aTo no o6pa3u,y yKpaHHCKoro H3DIKa. IlpO"tJHTaH CJIOBa. 06paTH BHHMaHHe Ha Ha3BaHHhle MHrKHe CO- rJiaCHhle nepe,n; u, e, e. IlocTapa:HcSI He 3aMeHHTL aTH MHrKHe co- rJiaCHhle noxomHMH Ha HHX TBep,n;hiMH. CnHmH, no,n;-qepKHH 6yKBDI, KOTOPLIMH o6o3Hat.IeHhl MHrKHe corJiaCHDie. 1 qepea 1 PYKH - pyKaMH HOrH - HOraMH ... XHTphiH - XHTphiMH , , ~YXH - ~yxaMH TPH PHCYHOK CTapHK CMOTpH roJiy6H KynH Ko4-e nHpor rrpH rrepe~ oea qepea 102.,1J;onoJIHH npe,n;JiomeBHe, ,n;onHmH ero. IlocTaBL BonpocDI oT O,Il;HOrO CJIOBa npe,D;JIO)KeHHH K ,n;pyroMy• • •• 6paT co6pa.rr p~HorrpHeMHHK cBoHMH pyKaMH. 6paT (tr T o c ~ e JI a JI?) co6paJI ••• 47http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 48. ., ' 103.IJpOtJ:HTaH, nepecKru&H. 0 tJ:eM rosopHTC.R: BO BCTynJieHHH, aa- ~ KJIIOtJ:eHHH? CIIYCTH PYKABA 0 TOM, KTO llJIOXO, JieHHBO liTO-TO ,ZJ;eJiaeT, HHOr,z:r;a ro- BOpHT: ~0H pa6oTaeT cnyCTH pyRaBa». A Thl 3Haeiiih, noqeMy TaK roBopHT? Kor.u;a-To, OtieHb ,z:r;aBHO, o.u;em.u;y IIIHJIH c TaKHMH ,ZJ;JIHHHhiMH pyRaBaMH, t{TO OHH cnyCKaJIHCb llO'tiTH ,ZJ;O 3eMJIH. Kor.u;a HymHo 6hiJIO pa6oTaTh, pyRaBa no,z:r;6Hpa- JIH, 3aKaThiBaJIH. A TOT, KTo JieHHJICH, ,z:r;eJia.n qTo-To HeOXOTHO, KOe-KaK, TOT pa60T8JI, He no,z:r;6HpaH pyKaBOB, ~cnycT.H pyRaBa». C TOrO ,ZJ;aBHero BpeMeHH H llOIIIJIO 3TO BhlpameHHe. CnHWH nepsoe npe,ZJ;JIO:>KeHHe TpeTbero a6aan;a, nposepL aanH- caaaoe. Ha.H,ZJ;H B 3TOM npe,ZJ;JIO:>KeHHH ,ZJ;Ba-TpH cnosa, KOTOphle no 3BYtJ:aHHIO noxo:>KH B pyccKOM H YKPaHHCKOM .R:3h1Kax. KaKHe H3 HHX pa3JIHtJ:aiOTC.R: TBep,ZJ;OCTbiO - M.R:rKOCTbiO O,ll;HOrO H3 COrJiaC- HbiX? 104.IJopa60Taii:Te B napax. IJpe,ZJ;CTaBbTe, liTO O,li;HH H3 BaC JII06HT 'tiTO- TO ,ZJ;eJiaTb, a ,ZJ;pyro:H n106HT HH'tlero ae ,ZJ;eJiaTb. IlpH,ZJ;yMa:HTe H pa- 3hlrpa:HTe ,ZJ;HaJIOr, KOTOpblif MOr 6bl COCTO.R:TbC.R: Me:>K,ZJ;y BaMH. 105.06paTH BHHMaHHe Ha npOH3HOWeHHe M.R:rKHX COrJiaCHbiX B KOH- n ~e CJIOB. KaKHMH 6yKBaMH OHH 0003BatJ:aiOTC.R:? CnHWH. CpaBHH U c YKPaHHCKHM H3biKOM. [n'] [M'] [tl>'] [p'] I ceMb IcTenh ceMh CTaBb HHBapb HaChlllb BOCeMb nonpaBb CeHTH6pb roJiy6b Bllp.HMb .u;o6aBb OKT.H6pb IBoceMb l BrJiy6h Ha3eMb BHOBb BIIIHpb n;enb 03HMb o6yBh K063apb Bhl6epH 'tleTblpe-n.R:Tb CJIOB H cocTaBb aecKOJihKO npe,ZJ;JIO:>KeHHH myTO'tJ:HOrO CO,ZJ;ep:>KaBHH. 106.CocTaBb H aanHWH npe,ZJ;JIO:>KeHH.R: c 3THMH cnosaMH. YKru&H TO a-CJIOBO, B KOTOpOM 1) BeT 3ByKa (M]; 2) HeT 3ByKa (n]. 1. CeMb, MOH, caM. -2. I..J;enL, Kapn, npaBhiH. 48 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 49. roaOpMM: COCTaBnReM BbiCKa3biBaHMe no PMCYHKY· npaaMnbHO npoM3HOCMM M nMweM cnoaa C COrnaCHbiMM, 0603Ha'teHHbiMM 6yKBaMM JK1 W 1 1.41 '11 U( 107.llpOliHTaH Bbipa3HTeJibHO, OTr~aH, 06'bJICHH paar~Ky. B,ZJ;pyr Ha 't!epHoii TeMHOTbl B He6e BblpOCJIH KYCTbl. AHa HHX-TO roJiy6bxe, IJyHD;6Bbie1, 30JIOTble PacrrycKaiOTCH n;BeTbl He6biBaJio:H KpacoTbi. H Bee y JIHD;bl rro,ZJ; HHMH Tome CTaJIH roJiy6biMH, IJyHD;OBbiMH, 30JIOTbiMH, PaaHon;BeTHbiMH! Kopneu q yJCoecJCuu Ha:H,n;H B aar~Ke CJIOBa, KOTOpbie o6oaHallaiOT ~BeT. K KaKoMy Ha 3THX CJIOB KaKaJI CJIOrOBaJI MO,ZJ;eJib OTHOCHTCJI? , , 108.COCTaBb ,ZJ;Ba npe,ZJ;JIOmeHHJI no Ta6JIH~e, npHBe,ZJ;H npHMepbi H3 · npe,ZJ;bl,ZJ;y~ero ynpamHeHHJI. ..:HC,·m, If TBep,ZJ;bie ,ZJ;ame nepe,ZJ; u, e, e, b corJiaCHbie ByKBbi o6oaHa'tiaiOT .. "'' ~q., u MJirKHe corJiaCHbie ,ZJ;ame nepe,ZJ; a, o, y 109.3anHmH no o6paa~y. 0 6 p a 3 en;. JlaHObtW - Jta1tObt71lU. KaMblm - ••• ' HOm - ••• ' em - ...' ym - ••• ' po· . ~a - ••• , TY't£a - ••• , KapaH,ZJ;am - ••• • • 1 IlyH.Ut68btU - HpKO-KpaCHbiH, 6arpOBbiH. 49http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 50. 110.CocTaBb BbiCKR3biBRHHe no pHCYHKy. PaccKa»tH TaK»te 0 CBOHX BneqaTJieHH.HX OT CaJIIOTa, KOTOpbiH Te6e CJiyqaJIOCb BHAeTb. Haq- HH BbiCKR3biBRHHe BCTYnJieHHeM, 3aBepmH 3RKJIIOqeHHeM. KaKHe H3 aTHX cJioB noTpe6yiOTCH AJIH onHcaHHH CaJIIOTa, <Peiiep- BepKa? IlpaBHJibHO npOH3HOCH TBepAbie COrJiaCHble (m], [m], [n;] H M.HrKHe (q], [~],[if]. HO"tlh .. .."tlepHbiH -qy,n;o "t!YTL-"t!YTL HHate ..atHBOH .. ..ateJITLIH opaHmeBLIH ..MOID;HLIH pow;a rym;e 6oJil>IIIYID;HH BLIIIIe ..IIIHpOKHH BH,ll;HIIIh CJibiiiiHIIIh , ..nyH~OBLIH KOJih~O .HpKO-••• ..TeMHO- ••• ryCTO-••• OCJiellHTeJihHO- ••• lll.CpaBHH corJiaCHble 3BYKH, o6oaaaqeHHhle 6yKBOH ~, B pyCCKHX H yKpaHHCKHX CJIOBRX. 50 Ilo-pyCCKH naJIL~bi CTaH~HH ~HpK ITo-yKpaHHCKH • naJIL~I • • CTaH~IH ' ~HpK http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 51. ..... Ilo,ZJ;6ep:H K CJIOBaM JieBoro CTOJI6HKa CJIOBa, OTBe'!aiOm;He Ha Bonpocbl K a K o :H? K aKa sr.? K a K He? 3anHWH napbi CJIOB. 1Ioc.11e 6yKBhi If rrHmeM 6yKBhl w HJIH u, HO rrpoH3- HOCHM O~HH H TOT me TBep~biH COrJiaCHbiH 3BYK [n;]. B KOHIJ;e CJiOBa IIOCJie If IIHilleM 6yKBY W, He B KOHIJ;e CJIOBa - 6yKBY U. HcKJIIOtieHHe: ij.btnJtihtoK, Ha ij.btnollKax. 112.I1pOli:HTaH, npaB:HJibHO npOH3HOCH TBep,ZJ;biH COrJiaCHbiH lf· n Cn:HWH, nO,ZJ;llepKHH COlleTaH:HSJ. lfW., lfU. (;!1 oryp:u;hl rraJibiJ;hi 6op:u;hi n;H<Ppa KOHIJ;bl pyKaBHIJ;bl IIeBIJ;bl CTaHIJ;HH rrop:u;HH 'iMTaeM B nM~ax. ~~~~t roaopMM: cocTaans.eM AManor. npaBMnbHO npOM3HOCMM .111 nMWeM cnoaa c LC~»I, LCH 113.PaccMoTpH pncyaoK, npn,ZJ;yMaii K HeMy aaroJIOBOK. IIpo'lHTaHTe TeKCT B JIHD;aX. 51 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 52. - JleHai Thi 6biJia Kor~a-HH6y~h B MeTpo? - ,lJ;a! - PaccKam•• , rromaJiyiicTa! - Mhl c rrano:H JieToM 6hiJIH B KHeBe. HecKOJihKO paa CIIei.J;••aJihHO CIIYCKaJIHCh B MeTpO, liT06hl IIOCMOTpeTh CTaHI.J;••H, IIOKaTaThCH Ha qy~O-JieCTHHD;e - 3CKaJiaTO- pe. OT CBs:TomHHa ~o ,[(apHHI.J;hl Mhl BhiXO~HJIH Ha Kam- ~o:H cTaHn;••H. TaM TaK KpacHBO, TaK HHTepecHol Mhl 6hiJIH H Ha ~pyrHx JIHHHHX. MHe ot~eHh noHpaBHJiach CTaHn;Hs: • 3oJIOThle BopoTa•, oHa oco6eHHas:. CTeHH BHYTPH BhiJIOmeHhl IIO-CTapHHHOMY, H3 TOHKHX-TOHKHX KHpnHt~e:H. A nopTpeThl, KapTHHhl ua mH3HH KHeBcKoii PycH c~eJiaHhl H3 paaHon;BeTHhiX Kycot~KOB KaMHH. 8ro Ha3biBaeTCH M03aHKa. - CKam•• , a Te6e He 6hiJIO cTpamHo Ha qy~o-JieCT­ HHn;e? - HeT! Hy, MomeT, TOJihKO BHat~aJie qyTh-liYTh. Cnumu npe,zviOmeHHJI, B KoTophix ecT:b cJioBa c nponyli(eHHhiMB 6yKBaMH. CnHChiBaJI, 3anoJIHJlH nponycKH. Ha:H,ZJ;H coqeTaHHJI CJIOB, nocTpoeHHhie HenpaBHJI:bHO. Ea~HJIH y KHeB, Mhl c nano:H, nana Ha ChiHOM, 6hiJIB B MeTpO. 114.IIpOliHTaHTe, ,ll;OOOJIHHTe, pa3hirpaHTe ,ZJ;HaJior. 52 - JleHa, a KaK BOHTH B MeTpo? KaK Ty~a nycKa- IOT? - BHat~Me Thl BXO~Hmh B a~aHHe CTaHD;HH. IIo,zoro- ~mnh K OKOillKY KaCChl H rOBOpHillh: •,lJ;aifTe MHe, nomaJiy:HcTa, o~HH meTOH•. HJIH ~Ba, TPH meToHa - CKOJihKO XOllemh• • • • - IlOTOM Thl IIO~XO~Hillh K aBTOMaTy, KOTOphiH npo- nycKaeT ~aJihme. 8To HemHpOKHe BopoTn;a. B HX npaBo:H cToiiKe ecTh ID;eJih ~JIH meToHa. Thl onycKaeiii:h B ID;eJib meTOH, H pH~OM B MaJieHhKOM OKOmKe aaropa- eTCH aeJieHhiH cBeT. TyT He aeBa:H, npoxo~H, BOPOTIUl Te6s: nponycTHT. H Thl B MeTpo: ••• http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 53. - A ecJIH 3a6yAem:& onycTHTb meTOH, TO BopoTr:r;a rrepeKporoT BXOA H He AaAYT Te6e rrpo:HTH. - O:H, ••• - ,lJ;a HKtiero• .fi BHAeJia, KaK BOpOTD;a He IIYCTHJIH OAHOrO MaJibl!HKa. HHtiero CHHM He CJiyqHJIOCb, HO npH- illJIOCb eMy npaBHJibHO OIIYCTHTb B m;eJib :>KeTOH• • • • 115.3anHniH. 0 6 p a 3 e r:r;. Jlecmnuija - Jtecmnuijbt. I cToJilir:r;a I CToJIHr:r;a - ••• , y JIHr:r;a - ••• , pa3HHr:r;a - ••• , cqacT- JIHBHr:r;a - ••• • 0 6 p a 3 e r:r;. Cmanijust - cmanijuu. AKaD;HH - ••• 'aiiiiJIHKaD;HH - ••• ' orrepan;HH - ••• ' CeKD;HH - ••• , KOMII03HD;HH - ••• •· 116.CpaBHH. KaK cJie,n;yeT npoHaHOCHTJ:. aByK, o6oaHatreHHLiii 6yK- Boii 14-? IIo-pyccKH ITo-yKpaHHCKH • pa3HHn;a P13HHD;H [~] [~;] KaKa.H CXeMa KaKOMY CJIOBY H3 Ta6JIH~hl COOTBeTCTByeT? , , 117.IlepeBe,n;H Ha pyccKHH .H3hlK, aanHmH. I..J;iJii CTOpiHKH, IJ;HTaTa 3 KHH:>KKH, rrpaBHJibHa iHTO- Han;iH, xopoma AHKn;is, rrepma r:r;H<Ppa, 6iJia aKan;is, • • :>KOBTe Kypqa, TeiiJil pyKaBHIJ;l. . 118.IlpotrHTaii, cnHmH aara,n;Ky, oTra,n;a:H ee. CocTaBJ:., aanHmH KpaT- a KOe 06'b.HCHeHHe paara,D;KH. lQJ IIpoTHHYJICH peMeH:& - He CJIO:>KHT:& 3a r:r;eJibiH AeH:&. K KRKOMY CJIOBY aara,n;KH OTHOCHTC.H ,ll;RBHR.H CXeMa? - , 53http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 54. npoaepReM ce6R: nMweM nepecKaa 1.19.IlocJiymaH TeKCT, KOTOphiH npO'tiHTaeT Y'tJHTeJIJ~, nHChMeHHO nepecKamH ero. Bocnom.ayH:cJI nJiaHOM, ,z:J;&HHbiM Y'tJHTeJieM. ,IJ;onOJIHH nepeCKa3: BhiCKamH CBOe MHeHHe, CBOe OTHOmeHHe K CKa3aHHOMY. 06'bJICHH, 't!TO Te6e nOKa3aJIOCb HHTepeCHhiM, 't!TO noHpaBHJIOCb (He nOHpaBHJIOCb). EcJIH pa6oTa Ha,D; nepecKaaoM O'tleHh aaTPYAHJieT Te6JI, o6paTHCh K Y'tJHTeJIIO aa ,D;OnOJIHHTeJihHhiMH MaTepHaJiaMH (3TO MOryT 6h1Tb CO'tleTaHHJI CJIOB, BCTynHTeJihHaJI 'tlaCTb H ,D;p.). IlpaB,D;a, Thl He cMomemh noJiy'tiHTh aa CBOH nepecKaa BhlcmHe 6aJIJihl, aaTo 6y,D;emh pa6oTaTb 6oJiee yBepeHHo H co BpeMeHeM HaY'tJ:HillhCJI nHCaTb CaMOCTOJITeJihHO, He nOJih3YJICb ,D;OnOJIHHTeJihHhiMH MaTe- pHaJiaMH. "'MTaeM MOn'ta, AenMM TeKCT Ha 't3CTM, nepecKaa~aaeM npo'tMTaHHoe 120.IIopa6oTaiiTe B rpynnax no 4 'tleJioBeKa. 54 IIepeJIHCTaiiTe paccKaa IleTpa BoH,D;ap'tlyKa •Ilo,D;COJIHe'tiHHK Ha TeppHK6He•. OH paa,D;eJieH Ha 4 'tlaCTH. Pacnpe,D;eJIHTe Mem,D;y co- 6oH: 3TH 'tlaCTH H np01UITaHTe MOJI'tla Kam,D;hiH CBOIO 'tlaCTb. IlocJie v •• 3TOrO KaJK,ll;hiH ,D;OJimeH paCCKa3aTb OCTaJibHhiM TpeM 'tiJieHaM rpynnhl co,D;epmaHHe cBoeH: 'tlacTH. B peayJihTaTe Bee ,D;OJimHhl 3HaTh CO,D;epmaHHe paCCKaaa, XOTJI Kam,D;hiH npO'tiHTaJI TOJibKO no O,D;HOH 'tlaCTH. IIO)J;COJIHElJHHK HA TEPPHKOHE1 1 TeppHKOH cTaphlii-rrpecTaphiH. ,D;ame B aToT conHeti- HhiH MaHCKHH ~eHh- ceph!H, yrpiOMhiH. Y ero IIO~HO­ mhH pacTyT TepH, KYCThi 6oaphlmHHKa, men'raa u u aKa~HH, a Bhlille, ~0 CaMOH MaKymKH, OH rOJihiH, BeCh B phlmHX IIO~IlaJIHHaX, HCIIOJIOCOBaH pOBHKaMH, CJIOBHO MOpllJ;HHaMH. - Hmh, paccenca a~ech,- roBopHT oTe~. - CTo JieT eMy. - TaK MHorot- y~HBHJICH BHTaJihKa. -l TeppU1COH - ropa, KOTOpaH o6paayeTCJI H3 OTXO,li;OB npH ,D;06hl'tle yrJIJI. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 55. - t:J;a, e~e Mo:H ~e~ymKa BhiB03HJI Cio~a nopo~y. BHT8JihKR 3a,D;HpaeT rOJIOBY - BOT-BOT KenKa CBa- JIHTC.H. - ITana, a MOmHo - TY~a? - noKaahiBaeT Ha Bepxym- KY TeppHKOHa. Oren; TOme CMOTpHT BBepX, 3aTeM - Ha ChiHa H MOJiqHT. JIHmh cnerKa ynhl6aeTc.H - CaMOMY ce6e. HaKoHen;, rOBOpHT: - MomHo. H Kor~a-To B36HpaJic.H••• BhiCTpO MHHOBaB pe)l;KHH KyCTapHH'IeK, OHH B30illJIH Ha KpyrOH CKJIOH, BhiBeTpeHHhiH - HH 6hiJIHHKH. 3a CTOJihKO JieT IIOpo~a TaK H He cnpeCCOBaJiaCb - KpOmH- JiaCb H ChiiiaJiaCh H3-IIO~ HOr. qeM Bhlme, TeM KpY'Je TeppHKOH - H BCe T.Hmenee 6hiJIO H~TH. IlpHXO~HJIOeb IIOMOraTb pyKaMH, H BeKope BHTaJihKa B36HpaJie.H BBepx yme Ha 'leTBepeHbKax. Ha eaMOH MaKymKe TeppHKOH 6biJI He OeTphiH, KaK 3TO KaaaJIOCh CHH3Y, a TYIIOH, ~ame e He60JibillOH BhleM- KOH noepe~HHe. BHTaJihKa epaay me CTaJI B Hee H ~ame ..npHeeJI HeMHOrO OT eTpaxa nepe,n; BhiCOTOH. - OT,n;oxHeM,- npe~nomHJI oTen;, npH,n;epmHBa.H ehiHa aa nne'lo. Ho BHTaJihKa yme paenp.HMHJie.H H mHpOKO OTKphl- ThiMH rJia3aMH paeeMaTpHBaJI BCe BOKpyr. t);HBHa.H Kap- THHa OTKpbiJiaeb nepe,n; HHM: Ha Bee 'leTbipe CTOpOHhl paeKHHYJIC.H ropo,n;, H He 6hiJIO eMy KOHn;a-Kpax. YTonax B 3eJieHH, B 6eJIOH KHIIeHH MR.H, OH, Ka38JIOCh, IIJihiJI 3a ropH30HT. 3a rOpH30HT ynJihiBaJIH H TeppHKOHhl - eephle TpeyrOJihHHKH, OKYTaHH~e rony6oBaTOH )];hiM- ..KOH. - CKOJihKO me HX B t);oHen;Ke! - MHOrOBaTO,- COrJiaeHJIC.H OTen;, HO 6ea BOeXHin;e- HHH.- tl;biMHT H IlhiJI.HT. - 0HH me KpaeHBhle! - He c,n;aBaJie.H BHTaJihKa. - IlyeTa.H nopo~a. CKOJihKO neT nemHT Ky'le:H, a Bee MepTBas:. BoT rrocMoTpH••• - O:H! - BeKpHKHYJI BHTaJihKa H nepeezynHJI e HorH Ha HOry.- Ilana, rJI.HHh, 'ITO 3TO? 55http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 56. 56 • 2 llo,zr; ero HOraMH 3eJieHeJI KaKOH-TO pOCTOqeK: ,lJ;Ba HemHbiX JIHCTHKa KaCaJIHCb CaH,zr;aJIHKa, CJIOBHO XOTeJIH IIpHJiaCKaTbCH. 0Te~ HaKJIOHHJICH. - TaK STO me rro,zr;coJIHeqHHK! - Ho KaK OH rrorraJI Clo,zr;a? - KTo ero 3HaeT,- 3a,ll;YMTIHBO rrporoBopHJI OTen;,- MomeT, IITHD;a KaKa.H HeCJia B KJIIOBe 3epHHHKY ,zr;a ypOHHJia.- 0TeD; CJierKa IIpHKOCHyJICH K paCTeHHIO. - rJIH,lJ;H-Ka, 3eMJIH HeT, O,ll;Ha Tpyxa, a OHO pacTeT••• - A ,zr;aBa:H Mhl eMy 3eMJIHD;hi rrpHHeceM,- B,zr;pyr rrpe,zr;JiomHJI BHTaJILKa. - 't{To m, 3TO ,zr;eJio,- corJiacHJICH oTen;.- BoT rrpH- ..,zr;eM cro,zr;a B cJie,zr;yrom;ee BOCKpeceHLe••• - Jlyqme ceifqac,- He YHHMaJICH BHTaJILKa. - Ho••• aTo me orrHTh rro,zr;HHMaTLCH HaBepx••• - ITo,zr;HHMeMcH! CrrycTHBinHCL BHH3, OHH Ha6paJIH qepHo3eMa. Ho . -KOr,zr;a BLICbiiiaJIH 3eMJIIO B BbleMKY, YBH,lJ;eJIH, KaK ee MaJIO. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 57. - B cJie~yiO~HH paa B03bMeM KopaHHKy. Xopomo, nana? - Xopomo,- noo6e~an oTen;. - II Bo~Hl:JKH Ha6epeM? - Ha6epeM. - 3axBaTHM TY «i>JIHry, c KOTopoil Tbl B maxTy cnyc- KaemLCSI. - ro~HTCSI••• O~HaKo me BblmJio He TaK, KaK a~yMaJIH. Ha cJie~y­ IO~ee BOCKpeceHbe OTen; C MaTepbiO XO~HJIH B rOCTH K aHaKOMblM. E~e qepea He~eJIIO Ha maxTe 6blJI npaa~­ HHK: maxTepaM BpyqaJIH op~eHa. IloToM nomJIH ~om­ ~H••• II TOJibKO qepea MeCSIIJ; OTen; CBHTaJIHKOM HaKOHen; Bbl6paJIHCb K TeppHKOHY. . IIx omH~aJI ciOpnpHa: no~cOJIHel:!HHK Bblpoc H ~ocTa­ BaJI BHTaJILKe nol:!TH ~o nJiel:!a. BbiJI OH KpenKHH, ..illHpOKOJIHCTblH. - BoraThlpb! - BOCXH~eHHO nporOBOpHJI OTen;.- BH~aTb, Hamero maxTepcKoro po~a. ToJibKO 6bl BblCTO- SIJI JieTO. - BbiCTOHTI - YBepeHHO cKaaaJI BHTaJibKa••• 3 A B cepe~HHe JieTa H~ ropo~oM npomJia rpoaa. CHJILHaSI, cTpeMHTeJibHaSI. BymeBaJia c Bel:!epa H nol:!TH ~o noJiyHOl:!H. BHTaJILKa no6aHBaJICSI: TaKoil BeTpH~e MOmeT aanpOCTO ITOJIOMaTb ITO~COJIHel:JHHK, BblpBaTb ero c KOpHeM. II yme c caMoro yTpa cTaJI npocHTb oTn;a: - ,II;aBaH CXO~HM K TeppHKOHY. 0Ten; corJiaCHJICSI. CoJIHn;e cBeTHJIO SlpKo, KaK qacTo 6hiBaeT nocJie rpo- 3bl, BeceJio. II Bee BOKpyr- ~epeBLSI, TpaBa Ha 6epery K8.JibMHyca, 30JIOTHCTblH neCOK Ha ITJISime - Tome 6blJIO SlpKOe, no-npa3~HHl:!HOMy p~OBaJIOCb ~e~pbiM JiyqaM. Kor~a K TeppHKOHY ocTaBaJIOCb coBceM HeMHoro, BH- TaJibKa B~pyr OCTaHOBHJICSI, BCMaTpHBaSICb. - Ilana! .:-- BOCKJIHKHyJI.- !IOCMOTpH! qTO TaM? Ha BepmHHe TeppHKOHa ropeJio opaHmeBoe nJiaMSI. 57http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 58. 58 + ( · · Oren; npHOCTaHOBHJICH, nOeMOTpeJI TIOBHHMaTeJibHee H aaeMeHJieH! - TaR 3To me Ham no,n;eoJIHe'tiHHKl ll;BeTeTl BHTaJibKa aaeMeHJieH, H, eMeHebBMecre, OHH 6pocHJIHeb HaBepx. ChiH onepe,ll;HJI O'l'D;a - nepBhiM ,lJ;OCTHr BepiiiHHhl. IIo,n;eoJIHe'tiHHK n;BeJI 6yiiHo, pa,n;oeTHo, aaxJie6hiBa- Heb eoJIHe'tiHhiM JIHBHeM. OH 6hiJI HeBhle·oKHH., KopeHae- ..TbiH, e KpenKHMH, eJIOBHO Bblpe3aHHbiMH H3 meeTH JIHeTbHMH - B HX naaymKax Jiy'tiHJIHeb ,n;om,n;eBble Ka- neJibKH. - )l;a pa3Be TaKOH aa60HTeH rp03b1? - e rop,n;oeTblO eKa38.JI OTen;. - HHKor,n;al - eqaeTJIHBO no,n;TBep,n;HJI BHTaJibKa. 4 0HH eTOHJIH pH,lJ;OM, OTeD; H ebiH, B eHHHbH no,n;eoJI- He'tiHHKa. BHTaJibKa npoTHHYJI pyKy, 'tiT06hi ,n;oTpOHYTb- eH ,ll;O meJITbiX H3hl'tiKOB, H B,ll;pyr aaeThiJI: noeJibiW8.JIOeb .. JierKoe mymmaHhe, HemHoe-HemHoe, H BOT noepe,n;HHe ..eon;BeTbH aaeBeTHJiaeb TI'tleJIKa. - Te-e,- npHJIOmHJI naJien; K ry6aM oTen;. - IIyeTh pa6oTaeT. QqapoBaHHbiH, eMOTpeJI BHTa.JibKa, KaK MaJieHbKaH ..TI'tleJIKa, THXO TI03BaHHBaH npoapa'tlHbiMH KpbiJibiWKa- •• MH, TIOJI3eT no 30JIOTOMY )l;HeKy. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 59. - HeKTap H~eT,- rrpomerrTaJI oTen;. rr~eJIKa B3JieTeJia, IIOKpymHJiaCb Ha,z:J; IIO):(COJIHeqHH- KOM, CJIOBHO 6Jiaro):(ap.a 3a rOCTeiipHHMCTBO, H paCTa.R:Jia B rOJiy6oM, II030JIOqeHHOM COJIHD;eM He6e. BHTaJihKa yJihl6aJic.a. CMoTpeJI Ha CBOH ropo):(, pac- KHHyBmH:Hc.a BOKpyr, H YJihl6aJICH: K CaMOMY ropH- 30HTY yrrJihiBaJIH oKyTaHHhle cepe6pHCThiM MapeBoM TpeyrOJihHHKH TeppHKOHOB. - Ilarra,- cKa3aJI OH,- a 't!To, ecJIH 6hi Ha Bcex TeppHKOHax n;BeJIH rro,n;coJIHe~HHKH? MHoro-MHOro IIO):(COJIHeqHHKOB! - BhiJIO 6hl rrpeKpacHot- OTBeTHJI oTen;. OH IIOMOJI- qaJI HeMHoro H 3aAYMt{HBO ,n;o6aBHJI: - Kor):(a-To TaK H 6y,n;eT••• 3Haemh, HamH )T't!eHhle yme pa6oTaiOT Ha,n; TeM, ~T06hi MepTBa.a rropo):(a omHJia. H Tor,n;a TeppHKOHhi 3apacTyT Ca,D;aMH••• - H 6YAY TaKHM )T't!eHhiMl - 3a.aBHJI BHTaJihKa. - Ho Thl me xoTeJI6hiTh maxTepoM ••• KaK a ••• - H maxTepoM Tome. 0Ten; 3aCMe.R:JICH H CKa3aJI: - Xopomo, ChiHOKl KeM 3axoqemh, TeM H cTaHemh, JIHmh 6hl A06po ):(eJiaTh••• Ilo):(COJIHe't!HHK CMOTpeJI Ha BHTaJIHKa, CH.a.a pa- ):(OCTbiO. Ilemp BoniJaplly"K IloupasHJIOCb JIH Te6e pa6oTaTb B rpynne? '1eM? '1To y Te6s: Jiyqiiie llOJiytlaeTCH: npoqHTaTb H OOHJITb CO,ZJ;epataHHe, llOHJITHO paCCKa3aTb ,ZJ;pyrHM CBOIO qaCTb HJIH BhiCJiymaTb H llOHJITb He l{HTaHHYIO T060H qacTb? B KaKOH H3 qacTeH BblpameHa OCHOBHaH MbiCJib paCCKaaa? 06'bSICHH, KaK Tbl ee llOHHMaemh. KaK OTeD; H ChiH OTHOCHJIHCb K npHpo,n;e, K po,n;aoMy KpaiO? Bb16epH: 1) OHH pa,n;oBaJIHCb o6m;e- HHIO C npHpO,ZJ;OH, 2) JII06HJIH CBOH KpaH H rOTOBhl 6biJIH llOTpy- ,ZJ;HTbCH, qT06hl COXpaHHTb KpaCOTY ero npHpo,ZJ;hl, 3) D;eHHJIH m;e,n;pble ,n;apbl npHpO,ZJ;bl. C qeM aBTOp cpaBHHJI D;BeTylll;HH llO,ZJ;COJIHeqHHK? IloupaBHJIOCb Te6e aTo cpaBHeHHe? KaKyiO KapTHHY Tbl npe,n;cTaBHJI? 121.IlepeqHTaif MaTepHaJI o BOnpocax ua c. 9 . Coc..-ash HeCKOJibKO • -aBonpocoB no paccKaay, aanHmH HX. 59http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 60. HcnonbayeM npaaMno o HanMcaHMM MRrKOrO 3HaKa M9>KAY ABYMSI COrnaCHbiMM (3HaKa M'SIKW8HHSI Mi>K ABOMa npMrOnOCHMMM). 'fMTaeM B nM1.4aX, COCTaBnReM BbiCKa3biBaHMe no nocnoaM1.4e 122.IIepeliHTa:H MOJilla BTopo:H OTp.hiBOK paccKaaa II. Bo~aplJYKa •Ilo,zr;- coJIHelJHHK Ha TeppHKOHe• (ynp. 120). HaH,zr;H B HeM cJioBa aBTopa H p;eHCTBYJO~HX JIH~ (nanLI H MaJiblJHKa). B KaKOM H3 npe,zJ;JiomeHHH nepBLIX nSITH a6a~eB OTpLIBKa ecTL 1) TOJILKO CJIOBa aBTOpa, 2) TOJILKO CJIOBa O,lJ;HOI'O H3 p;eHCTBYJO~ JI~, 3) CJIOBa aBTOpa H CJIOBa p;eHCTBy:K>~ero JIH~a? IlpoliHTaHTe aTOT OTpLIBOK B JI~ax. HaH,zJ;H B aTOM OTPLIBKe p;aHHLie CJIOBa. BHT8.JIJ.Ka, JIHCTHK, rro,r~;coJIHe'IHHK, pacTeHHe, cJie,ZJ;y- .. IO~ee, CllyCTHBillHCb, B03:hMeM, BO,li;H'IKH, roCTH, TOJI:hKO. BLIITHWH lleTLipe-nHTb CJIOB, ITO,lJ;llepKHH BLI,zJ;eJieHHLie COlJeTaHHH COrJiaCHLIX, npOH3HeCH HX; onpep;eJIH, K8KOH H3 aTHX COrJiaCHLIX TBep,zr;LIH, KBKOH - MHrKHH. 123.IlpOliHTaH. n Thl aHaemb, ~To B CJIOBe MOryT oKaaaTbCH p.H)J;OM ,r~;Ba, U a TO H 60Jibme COrJiaCHhiX, HaiipHMep: ecn,u, ICOHbKU, 60 eocyiJapcmBo. 3aDOMHH! MHrKHH 3HaK Mem,ZJ;y ,ZJ;BYMH corJiaCHhiMH rro cnyxy CTaBHTb HeJib3H. HymHo rrpHMeHHTb rrpaBHJIO HJIH rrpo- BepHTb CJIOBO IIO CJIOBapiO. HarrpHMep, CJIOBO nuc&Mo HYmHo rrHcaTb c 6yKBOH 11, a CJIOBO neCHJl - 6e3 b. A Be)J;b B TOM H ,rJ;pyroM CJIOBe rrpOH3HOCHM MHrKHH COrJiaCHhiH [c']. MHrKHH 3HaK Mem,r~;y ABYMH cornacHhiMH rrHmeM, u u f u u •• v eCJIH rrepBhiH COrJiaCHhiH MHrKHH, a BTOpOH- TBep,ZJ;hiH (rrocJie MHrKoro rrepe,r~; TBep,r~;hiM). HarrpHMep: B03bMy, nucbMO, MeHbme. 06paTH BHHMaHHe! TaK me, KaK B03&My, rrHmeM B03&Mu, B03&Mi!M (xoTH a,r~;ecb pH,ZJ;OM ,ZJ;Ba MHrKHX corJiaCHhlx). IIpoBepo~Hoe CJIOBO )J;JIH HHX - 803bMY. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 61. EcJIH TaKoro npoBepotrHoro CJIOBa HeT, TO Mem,Ay v ,ll;BYMH M.HrKHMH COrJiaCHbiMH M.HrKHH 3HaK He IIHmeT- CH. HarrpHMep: JtecnuK, eunmuJC. 124.ilpO'tiHTaH CJIOBa. ilpOH3HeCH 3BYKH, KOTOphle 0603Ha'tleHhl BLI,D;e- JieBHhiMH 6yKBaMH. 06paTH BBHMaHHe, nHmyT JIH Mea<~y BHMH MHI'KHH 3HaK. 06'hHCHH, KaKaH 'tlaCTb npaBHJia 0 HanHCaHHH MHr- u u KOI'O 3HaKa OTHOCHTCJI K nepBOH rpynne CJIOB, KaKM - KO BTOpoH. 6op:&6a - 6op:&6e ecTh npoc:&6a - no npoc:&6e rrocJie IIHC:&MO - 0 ITHC:&Me OKYJI:&Ka - OKYJI:&KH rOCTb IIeCBH eCJIH rrecu.a CocTaBb H aanHmH HecKOJibRO co'tleTaHHH enos c 3THMH cnosaMH. 125.ilpO'tiHTaH CKOpOrOBOpKy - BHa'tlaJie Me~JieHHO, T~aTeJibHO BhlrOBapHBaH Kaa<~H 3ByK, 3aTeM see 6hiCTpee. Y CTenaHa ecTb cMeTaHa, npocTOKBama H TBopor, ceMh KoneeK Tyec6K1• CnHmH CKOpOrOBOpKy, no~epKHH CO'tleTaHHJI COrJiaCHhiX, B KO- TOphiX nepBhiH COrJiaCHhiH - MJirKHH. ilO'tleMy TaM HeT MHrKoro 3HaKa? lJT06hl OTBeTHTb, npHCJiymaHCH KO BTOpOMY COrJiaCHOMY B CO'tleTaHHH - MJirKHH OH HJIH TBep~hiH. 126.CmunH nocnoBH~hl. KaKaH H3 HHX, no-TsoeMy, HMeeT OTBomeHHe KO BCeMY, 'tiTO Thl Y3HaJI 0 HanHCaHHH h? 06'bJICHH CBOH OTBeT. 1. KopeHb ytreHHH ropeK, aaTo IIJIO,ll;bl ero CJIB.,ZJ;KH. 2. CJibiiiiaJI 3BOH, ,n;a He auaeT, r,n;e OH. npaaMnbHO npOM3HOCMM M nMWeM CnOB3 C CO'feT8HMSIMM COrnaCHbiX. "'MT3eM Bblp33MTenbHO. roaopMM: onMcbaaaeM KapTMHy, B03HMKWYIO 8 B006pa>KeHMM 127.ITpo'tiHTaH BblpaaHTeJibHO. 3HAKOMhiR Cero,n;HSI BblmeJI .a H3 ,n;oMa. IIymHCTbiH CHer JlemaJI KpyroM. 1 1)jec, myec6K- KpyrJibiH 6epecTHHOH (Ha 6epecThl, 6epe- aoso:H KOphl) K6po6 C KphiWKOH ~JIJI xpaHeHHH Me~a, JlrO~ H T. n. 61http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 62. CMoTpiO - HaBcTpe-qy Mo:H 3HaKOMbiH Bea<HT no CHery 6ocHKOM. M BOT Mbi pa,n;ocTH He npstieM. Mbi - Hepa3JIYlfHble .n;py3hH. BH3a<HM, H nphiraeM, H cKatieM To H, TO OH, TO OH, TO H. 06'bHTbH, IIIYTKH, pa3rOBOpbi. - Hy KaK »<HBemb? Hy KaK .n;e.11a? - B.n;pyr BH,n;HM, KOIIIKa B,ll;OJib 3a6opa, KaK TeHb, Ha D;biiiOtiKax npom.11a. - ITo6y,n;h co MHo:H er:u;e HeMHoro! - Ho H ero He y.n;epmaJI. - raB! raB!- CKa3aJI 3HaKOMbiH CTporo, MaxHy.11 XBOCTOM H y6emaJI. BaJtenmun Bepecmoe 128.CpaBHH. ITo-pyccKH ITo-yKpaHHCKH 129.3anHmH, BCTaBb,_ecJIH aymao, npony~eHHble 6yKBbl. IIocTaBb 3HaKH B KOHI:(e npe,ZJ;JIOmeHHH. IJO,ZJ;llepKHH CO'tleTaHHH COrJiaC- HbiX. Y M.•HH ec••Tb MaJI••HbKHH r:u;..HOK OH 01!••Hb x ••pom••:H a y T••6s ec••Tb c••6aKa 130.IIopa6oTaHTe B napax: paccKamHTe ,ZJ;pyr ,ZJ;pyry o TOM, KaKaH Kap- THHa BaM npe,ZJ;CTaBHJiaCb npH 'tlTeHHH CTHXOTBOpeHHH •3HaKO- MbiH,. (ynp. 127). 3a,ZJ;aHTe ,ZJ;pyr ,ZJ;pyry BOnpocbi, YTOl:IHHIO~He Te ,ZJ;eTaJIH OITHCaHHH, KOTOpble BaC 3aHHTepeCOBaJIH. 62 BbiiTHWH npe,ZJ;JIOmeHHH, B KOTOpbiX eCTb CJIOBa CKez, paiJocmu, nepa3JtY'tKbte. IJpOH3HeCH 3BYKII, o603Ha'tleHHble Bbi,ZJ;eJieHHbiMH 6yKBaMH. Tbi yme Momemb o6'bHCHHTb, nolleMy B cJioBax cKez, paiJocmu Mbl He ITHWeM MHrKHH 3HaK Mem,ZJ;y ,ZJ;BYMJI COrJiaCHblMH - 06 3TOM cKaaaHo B ynp. 123. A KaK o6'bHCHHTb aanHcaaHe cJioBa nepaa- JtY'tKbte? http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 63. --~------~----- CoqeTaBHH corJiaCHhlX, KOTOphle rrHmyr 6ea b: ...,", ...,Jf,, UfJf,, Jf,...,, Jf,Uf• H a rr pH Me p: CO'l'Hbtii, nollKa, HJlH'lUmb, o6Man- ~uK, MO~'HbtU, nOH'lUIC, llY008U~HbtU, XU~HbtU, 6ecnOMO~HbtU. OopaTJJ BRHMaHHe Ha To, KaK rrHmyTcH H KaK rrpoHa- HOCHTCH 3TH CJIOBa: ICO'He'£MO [rna] 6yJtO'£MaJl [rna] 131.CocTaBb H aanumu colJeTaaua c aeKOTOPbiMH ua CJIOB, ~aHHbiX B Kpacao:H paMOlJKe. 132.IlpOlJHTaH Kam~yiO rpynny CJIOB, npH~yMaii, K~K ee MOmHO paa- ~eJIHTb em;e aa ~Be rpynnbl (no aaalJeHHIO, aanucaaHIO H ~p.). B rpynne ~oJimHo 6biTb XOTJI 6bl ~Ba cJioBa. 3anumu, o6'bHCHH, Ha KaKOM OCHOBaHHH (no KaKOMy npH3HaKy) OHH paa~eJieHbi. 1. 3~aqHHK, Hey~aqHHK, llO~CBeqHHK, IIO~COJIHeq­ HHK, HaKOHeqHHK, neqHHK, CKBOpeqHHK, naceqHHK, v v nyrOBHqHHK, CKaaoqHHK, COJIHeqHbiH, KpomeqHhiH, 6yJioqaaH. 2. BaroHqHK, ,D;HBaaqHK, cTaKaaqHK, KapMaaqHK, IITeHqHK,KYBillHHqHK,KOHqHK,6H~OHqHK. 133.HaaoBH, lJTO H306pameao. Momao JIH o6'be~HHHTb 3TH npe~MeTbi c B KaKOH-JIH6o myTOlJHOH HCTOpHH? •~- - .QqKA 63http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 64. IIocJie 6yKBbl n MHrKHH 3HaK CTaBHM no cJiyxy. H a n p H M e p: noJLb1(,a, naJLbmo, Ho: noJL1(,a, JICeJL- mbtu. 134.0Tra,ll;aH aar8.,Zl;K:H, CnHWH. a- 1. MaJib'tJ:HK c naJib'tJ:HK: 6eJieHbKHH 6aJiaXOH'tJ:HK, KpacHaH mano"tJ:Ka. 2. ITo Ka:Ko:H ~opore IIOJirOAa e3AHT H IIOJirO~a XO~HT? 3. EcTb y 6yKBbl «fh cecTpH't!Ka, A HaA HeH nopxaeT IITH't!Ka H m;e6e"tJ:eT e:H YKPaAKoii: - Tbi AOJDRHa 6biTb o't!eJ:Ib KpaTKOH. npoaeps.eM ce6s.: cnywaeM He3HaKOMbiM TeKCT, OTBe'laeM H8 aonpOCbl. nMweM 0 npOAenaHHOM pa6oTe 135.IIpoBepb, KaK TLI yMeemL cJiymaTL. IIocJiyma:H TeKcT, KOTOpLI:H npo"tJHTaeT Y'tJHTeJIL. IIocTapa:Hcs KaK MOmHO Jiy-qme nOH.RTL, aanOMHHTb ero. IlOCJie 3TOrO BhinOJIHH TeCTOBOe 3a,D;aH:He, KOTOpoe ,li;OJimHO noKa- 3aTL, HaCKOJibKO BHHMaTeJILHO Thi CJiymaJI, XOpOmO JIH nOH.RJI npOCJIYWaHHOe. 3a)l;aHHe COCTOHT H3 meCTH BOnpOCOB. 1 Kam)l;O- MY H3 HHX ,ZI;alOTC.R TpH BapHaHTa OTBeTOB. BLI6epH TOT, KOTOphiH Thi CliHTaemL npaBHJILHLIM; aanHWH ero HOMep p.R,li;OM C HOMepOM Bonpoca. EcJIH Bee OTBeTLI 6y,ZI;yT npaBHJILHLIMH - noJiy-qHmL 12 6aJIJIOB (aa Kam)l;LIH OTBeT no 2 6aJIJia). jKeJiae.M ycnexaf 136.HanHWH B CB060,IJ;BOH <J.>opMe, He 60.RCL OWH6HTLC.R (He Ha on;eHKy), o BLinOJIHeHHOH pa6oTe no cJiywaHHlO. HanpHMep 0 TOM, liTO Te6e HpaBHTC.R (He HpaBHTC.R) B 3TOH pa60Te; liTO 6LIJIO TPYAHO (HeTpy)l;Ho); 'tleM noHpaBHJICR (He noHpaBHJics) TeKcT; 't!TO H3 TBOeH jf(lf3HH BCnOMHHJIOCL, ~Or)l;a Thi CJIYWaJI TeKCT. 3aKOH- l!H COliHHeH:He no CBOeMy meJiaHHlO (npH,ll;yMaH TeMy H HaDHWH). IIopa6oTaHTe B napax: npoliHTaiiTe HanncaHHoe ,ll;pyr )l;pyry H o6- cy,li;HTe. - 64 http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 65. 'iMTaeM, onpeAenReM TeMy M OCHOBHYIO MbiCnb TeKCTa. 06cy>KAaeM oco6eHHOCTM AManora 137.fipO'lHTaHTe B JIHD;aX. HEPA3JrYqHhiE WY3h5I TeJieHOK PoraJIHK H rropoceHoK KHorrKa KperrKo ,n;py- mHJIH. TaK ,n;py.mHJIH, qTo Bo,n;oii He paaoJibemb. Ky,n;a O,li;HH IloOO-'KHT- Ty,n;a H ,n;pyrOH CJie,ZJ;OM. BhlcKoqHT PoraJIHK B rroJie, a KHonKa c BHaroM aa HHM B,ZJ;OrOHKY. llo6e.mHT KHOIIKa MHMO oropo,n;a, a TOH- KOHOrHH PoraJIHK aa HHM BnpHIIphi3CKy CKaqeT. He,n;apoM HX uepaaJiyqahiMH ,n;pyabHMH 3B8JIH. PeaBHJIHCb o,n;Ham,n;hl PoraJIHK H KuorrKa ua Jiyry H He aaMeTHJIH, KaK B03Jie peqKH QqyTHJIHCb. - ,n;aBaii ua ,n;pyroii 6eper rrepe6epeMcH,- rrpe,n;Jio- mHJI PoraJIHK. - ,n;aBaii,- corJiacHJICH ,n;pymoK. BomeJI PoraJIHK B peqJCy, ,n;o cepe,n;HHhl ,n;o6paJicH, a BO,ZJ;a eMy qyTb Bhlme KOJieH. - lf.n;H, He 6oiicH! - KpHqHT ou KHonKe.- 3,n;ecb COBCeM MeJIKO! CMeJio ,n;BHHYJICH rropoceHoK scJie.Z. aa ,n;pyroM. Ho e,n;- Ba oT 6epera OTomeJI - CTaJI Bo,n;y rJioTaTb. - ToHy! CnacHTe! - aaBHa.maJI oH. BpocHJICH PoraJIHK Ha BhiPY'fKY H rroMor rropoceHKY Bhl6paTbCH Ha 6eper. A KuonKa paaoaJIHJICH: - Thl aaqeM o6MaHyJI, qTo petiKa MeJIKaH? -As He o6MaHDIBaJI,- OTBeTHJI TeJieHoK. - Ho Be,n;b peqKa rJiy6oKas! - HeT, MeJIKas! .-------. - HeT, r Jiy6oKas! Ir Jiy6oKHH - HeT, Me-Me-e-JIKas! ,n;oJiro cnopHJIH KuonKa H PoraJIHK, a aps: npocTo OHH 6hiJIH pa3HOrO pOCTa- H D03TOMY peqKa O,li;HOMY KaaaJiaCb MeJIKOH, a ,n;pyroMy - rJiy6oKOH. M uxau.n. IIJl.JllfKOBCKuu 11 65http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 66. 138.Ilopa6oTaiiTe B napax: o6cy,D;HTe, o qeM cKaaKa «HepaaJiytiHhD! APY3:DSU (ynp. 137), K&KOBa ee OCHOBHaSI MhiCJI:b. Onpe,D;eJISISI OCHOBHYIO MhiCJI:b, MO»<eTe Bhi6paT:D O,ll;HH H3 ,D;aHHbi.X BapH8HTOB: 1) BeCeJIO npOBO,ll;HTb BpeMSI C ,D;pyroM; 2) Ba»<HO yMeT:o noHSIT:D ,D;pyroro, cTaT:o aa ero MecTo; 3) aa,D;o Bcer,D;a HATJI aa CBOHM ,D;pyroM. PaccKa»<HTe o peayJI:oTaTax o6cym,D;eHHSI (o TOM, KaKoBa, no-Ba- meMy, TeMa H OCHOB:qaSI MhiCJI:b CKa3KH) HJIH 0 TOM, KaK BaM pa- 60TaJIOC:b B nape. 139.06'hSICHH, no'l!eMy AaHHhle CJIOBa paa6HThi aa TaKHe rpynnhl. llOMOr BllpHnpblmKy pe'lKR O,li;HH 6eper COBCeM Bbipy'lKa O,D;Hamp;bl CJie,D; BCJie,D; BO,li;H'lKa PoraJIHK HaH,D;H HeKOTOphle H3 3THX CJIOB B CKa3Ke, BhiTIHmH CO'l!eTaHHS CJIOB·c HHMH. 140.Ilpo'l!HTa:H, ,D;onoJIHH cKaaaaaoe. ~ YMeem:& JIH Tbl 6ecep;osaT:&, seCTH p;HaJior c KeM- HH6yp;:&, yMeem:& JIH Tbl o6m;aT:&c.H? KoHe'lHO, yMeem~. Ho, HasepHoe, He scerp;a see noJI)1'laeTC.H xopomo. 66 KaKHMH, no-TBOeMy, p;oJimHhl 6:&IT:& co6ecep;HHKH, 'lT06bl HM 060HM 6biJIO HHTepeCHO H npH.HTHO o6m;aThC.H, BMeCTe npOBO,li;HTb BpeM.H? ToT, KTO roBopHT, p;oJimeH nop;yMaT:&: llOH.HTHO JIH CJiymaTeJIIO TO, 'lTO rOBOpHTC.H (nOH.HTHO JIH B:&IpameHa, o6ocHoBaHa M:&ICJI:&); HHTepecHa JIH co6ecep;HHKY TeMa paarosopa HJIH OH CKYlReT; He B03HHK JIH y C06ecep;HHKR BOnpoc, He llO.HBHJIOCb JIH y Hero KRKOe-TO C006pameHHe B CBSi3H CO CKR3aH- HbiM, H eCJIH p;a, TO HRp;O JIH ,li;RTb eMy B03MOmHOCTb BbiCKR3RTbC.H; HpaBHTC.H JIH co6ecep;HHKY, KRK rOBOPHID;HH ce6.H so speMH 6ecep;:&I (HanpHMep, •••); ••• A ToT, KTO cJiymaeT, p;oJimeH 3HaT:&: .. sep;eT HymHO BHHMRTeJibHO CJIYillRTb H CTapaTbCH llOH.HTb CKR3RHHOe, a He npOCTO mp;aTb B03MOmHOCTH BCTRBHTb CJIOBO; http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 67. meJiaTeJibHO npos:BJIHTb HHTepec K CJIOBaM co6ece,u;- HHKa, uanpHMep: 0-o!.. PaaBe? •• A "t!TO ,ll;aJibme?•• ; ue CTOHT BoapamaTb, ue BbiCJiymaB co6ece,n;HHKa; He CTOHT OTBOpatiHBaTbC.H OT I'OBOps:~ero, 3aHHMaTb- C.H "t!eM-TO IIOCTOpOHHHM, a eCJIH eCTb TaKas: He06XO,li;H- MOCTb, TO••• ; ••• 141.Hanllllill 0 TOM, ITO'lleMy B03HIIKJia paaMOJIBKa Me~~y TeJieHKOM a_ PoraJIIIKOM 11 nopoceHKOM KHonKoii (ynp. 137). KaKIIe npaB. IIJia IQj o6~eHIIH OHII HapymiiJIII? Mo~emh IICITOJih30BaTh O~Hy 113 ~aHHhiX ITOCJIOBII~. 1. Y KOI'O liTO 60JIHT, TOT 0 TOM H I'OBOpHT. 2. 3aTBep- ,li;HJia copoKa HKoBa o,u;uo npo BC.HKoro. IIpo'liiiTaH HaniiCaHHOe KOMy-a116y~h 11a ~oMamHIIX. Cnpoc11, 'liTO H~O YTO'liHIITh, ~o6aBIITh. npoaepSieM ce6SI: CnMCbiB8eM TeKCT, npoaepHeM HanMCaHHoe. npoaepSieM ce6SI: BblnOnHSieM TeCTOBOe aaAaHMe o cornacHbiX aayKax 142.IIpoBeph, KaK Thl YMeemh cniiChiBaTh. B 3TOT paa Mhl npe~JiaraeM He npocToe, a oco6eHHOe cniiChiBaHIIe. PaccMoTpll p11cyaoK, npO'liiiTaH TeKCT. IIo~yMaH, KaK HY~Ho ne- pecTaBIITh a6aa~hl, 'liT06hi noJiyqHJICH CBH3HhiH TeKcT. IIepepa6o- TaHHhiH TeKCT aanHllill. .t 0HH npHCMaTpHBaJIHCb K paCTeHH.HM, Ha6JIIO,ZJ;aJIH aa -m U BoTH»IMH. Ho Hao6pamaJIH Bee aTo rro-cBoeMy. BrJis:- ,n;HTecL-Ka! KaKHe s:ro,u;bl H n;BeTbl yKpacHJIH aTo 6Jiro,n;o 67http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua
  • 68. H3 XoxJioMh!1• A 3TH ~epeBs:HHhle KOBmAl noxombl Ha yTo"t!eK. Hx H Ha3hiBaiOT KOBm -yTH~U • Sy Hapo~HhiX yMeJih~eB eCTh 'tleMy noy'tiHThCS:! t,ll;oporHe pe6s:Tat Ha pHcyaKe Bhl BH~HTe Be~H, c~e­ JiaHHhle HapO,ll;HhiMH yMeJI:bD;aMH. 143.JipoBepb, KaK Thl yCBOHJI MaTepHaJI 0 COrJiaCBhiX 3ByKax. BhlnoJIHH 'tleThlpe a~aaun, KOTOphle npe,n;nomuT Te6e yquTeJIL. K a~aHHIO ,ZJ;alOTCH TPH BapuaaTa OTBeTOB, H Te6e aymao Bhi- 6paTb H OTMeTHTb TOT, KOTOphiA: Thl C'tiHTaeWb npaBHJibHhiM. Kpo- Me TOrO, K K8)K,Zl;OMY 3~aHHIO HymHO no,n;o6paTb CBOH npHMep. Kam,n;oe a~aaue ou;eHHBaeTcn ,ZJ;BYMH 6anJiaMH• Kam,n;hiA npuMep- o,n;HHM 6aJIJIOM. HToro - 12 6aJIJIOB. EcJIH y Te6n oKameTcn Meabwe, ae paccTPaHBaiicn. Ilo,n;YMaA, B 'tleM npH'tiHHa TBOHX OWH60K B patiOTe. liTO MO)KHO C,ZJ;eJiaTb, 'tiTOOhi peayJILTaT 6hiJI nyqwe? "fMTaeM Bblp33MTenbHO. CnywaeM, HaXOAMM yKa3aHHble 'laCTM COAep>KaHMS1 144.JipO'tiHTaH Bhlp83HTeJibHO, He TOpOnHCb. ,Il;eJiaH nayahi B KOHIJ;e CTpOK, ,n;ame eCJIH T8M BeT 3B8KOB npenHHaHH$1 - HBalle CTHXO- TBOpeHHe YTP8THT CBOIO Bhlp83HTeJibHOCTb. 06paTH BHHMaHHe B& CTpeJIKH ~ ~. 0BH nOK83hiB810T, nOBbiWaeTCH HJIH nOHHmaeTCS 68 TOR rDJIOCa K KOBIJ;Y CTpoKH. ***r~e CJI~KHH menOT Jlyra H ,ll;OJihi.~ CJI~KHH [T] IIo,D; Jie,D;S:HOHl' menoT MoHx JiecoB? CBoe:i Kopo:HJ' [4>] Py-qe:H HeMeeT;~ IIoroKoB p6noT2, Bee n;eneaeeT, IJ;BeThi JiyroB? JIHmh BeTep 3JIOH, [<I>] Bymys, BoeT ,ll;epeBhS: roJihi, H He6o KpoeT KoBep 3HMhll' Ce,D;oiO MrJio:i. IIoKphiJI xoJIMhi,l' EseeHuu BapamwHclCuu 1Xox.noMti - ceno B Poccuu ae,n;aJieKo OT Humaero HoBropo- ,n;a, O,ZJ;HH H3 IJ;eHTpOB CTapHHBOro lfapO,ZJ;HOrO xy,n;omeCTBeBHOro npOMhiCJia. 2 P6nom - ae,n;oBOJibCTBO, BhlpamaeMoe aerpoMKOH pe'tlbiO. http://uchebniki.ucoz.ua