Copy of sastri home gardens final siddick

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HOME GARDENS PROVIDE NUTRITIOUS VEGETABLES AND FRUITS HELP ALLEVIATING MALNUTRITION IN RURAL INDIA

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Copy of sastri home gardens final siddick

  1. 1. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots Approach • Awareness education/ training to Men & Women • Training programme on Family nutrition/ Nutritional Disorders, Fruits and Vegetable processing • Establishing Structured / Unstructured Home Gardens • Cooking Demonstrations • Children Nutrition Clubs - Participatory Rural Appraisal - Focus Group Discussions - Study on local food habits, Local food intake - Anemic mothers, women and girl children focus
  2. 2. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots HOME GARDENS – Horticultural Remedy for Nutritional Malady WHY? - Limited food diversity - Limited knowledge on nutrition/ Health/ Sanitation - Limited accessibility - Barriers in decision making - Limited ability to purchase Vegetables CONTEXT: Under nutrition, anemia and protein deficiency is prevalent among the men, women and children of Kolli hills, Tamil Nadu
  3. 3. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots Establishing Home Gardens- Process Community Briefing/ Zone wise Household Meetings Appropriate field identification and location Layout planning and designing with individual HH Family members Nutritional status observation before HG Participatory selection of crops/ crop calendar setting Implementation and periodical monitoring Maintenance of Harvesting and Consumption records
  4. 4. Mainstream Vegetables : Tomato, Brinjal, Okra, Onion Greens : Amaranthus (Red/green), Basella, Spinach, Chekurmanis, Vallarai, Pulichakeerai, coriander and mint Roots & tubers : Radish, carrots, Beet roots, Orange flesh sweet potato,colocasia Cole crops : Cabbage, Cauliflower,Mustard Legumes :Dolichos, clusterbeans, peas, native black and red kidney beans, cowpea, spring beans Guards : Pumpkin, Ridge, bitter, bottle and ash guards Fruits/ perennials : Papaya, Guava, Jack, Mango, Moringa, Curry leaves Vegetables and Fruits of Kitchen Garden
  5. 5. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots Structured Garden Unstructured Garden Home (Nutrition) Gardens 2m2 or 3 m2 plots with raised beds, furrows/ ridges vegetable plots of different size, grown in cloth bags, pots etc Have diversity- vegetables, native greens, root crops, guards, legumes and Fruit trees, all in one place. Limited diversity – either greens and guards or legumes and greens or fruit trees and greens located in different places Crop calendar practiced; vegetables grown both in Rabi and Kharif. Vegetables grown only in one season – Kharif/ early Rabi. Easy to access for cooking Often grown in cropped areas as inter crop Periodic harvest, consumption and processed records of veg. monitored. Consumption information alone could be recorded.
  6. 6. Plot No. Crop Period 1 Tomato Radish Cowpea/ Beans Okra Jan – Mar Apr – May Jun – Sep Oct – Dec 2 Okra Radish Chilies Onion Cabbage/ Beet Jan- Apr May – Jun Jun – Oct Jun – Oct ( intercrop) Nov – Jan 3 Greens Tomato Onion Beetroot/ Radish Dec – Feb Mar – Jun Jul – Sep Oct – Nov 4 Cluster beans Greens Brinjal Jan – Apr Apr – May Jun – Dec 5 Dolichos/ Fr.Bean Onion Tomato Greens Dec – Jan Feb – May May – Aug Sep – Nov 6 Okra Brinjal Cauliflower/ Beans Feb – May Jun – Oct Oct – Jan 7 Cluster bean Okra Tomato Apr – Aug Dec – Jan Aug – Nov 8 Cabbage/ Beans Radish Tomato Chillies Dec – Feb Mar – Apr Nov – Feb May – Nov HOME GARDEN - LAYOUT Compost Pits Fruit trees Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots CROP CALENDER Gourds not included – supplement
  7. 7. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots Home Gardens of Tribal Families 1 cent Model 2 cents model
  8. 8. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots Promotion of Orange Flesh Sweet potato
  9. 9. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots Papaya – Red Lady Guava- Lucknow 49 Moringa – PKM-1
  10. 10. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots Role Activity Male Female Both Field Preparation √ Fencing √ Beds/ pandal formation √ √ Selection of veg.var √ Seed sowing √ Nursery raising √ Watering/ care √ Plant protection √ Cropping calendar √ Harvesting √ Record keeping √ consumption √ Sharing with neighbors √ Gender Role in Kitchen Garden Management and use
  11. 11. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots Constraints in Managing Home Gardens •Problems with Hens, domestic animals damaging seed beds, nursery and seedlings •Fetching water during summer is challenging for women, minimum requirement of 30 lt/ day/cent •Poor knowledge on : nutrition, nutrition values of local / wild fruits, vegetables and root crops, food taboos, post harvest processing, water conservation methods, organic pest/ disease control measures
  12. 12. Alleviating Poverty and Malnutrition in Agrobiodiversity Hotspots How the project has handled Hen and domestic animal’s disturbance Fetching water and irrigating plants during summer (Jan – may) Knowledge on Home garden/ Pest Management Green shade net was provided for fencing after Focus Group Discussion with women. Stored water made available to plants by drip method, easy water carrying devices, promotion of Mulching, promoting low water loving plants/ Gourds in summer. Awareness programs, school children club, Training and demonstration on Good Home garden management, organic plant protection measures and healthy diet

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