Celine Termote, Bioversity International "Nutrition and Health Sensitive Landscapes"


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Celine Termote, Bioversity International "Nutrition and Health Sensitive Landscapes"

  1. 1. Nutrition and health sensitive landscapes Céline Termote, PhD 23/09/2013
  2. 2. Nutrition: who? Need to put the PEOPLE living in the landscape central Importance of local knowledge and perceptions: • varieties/breeds + forest/wild foods, NTFPs, • landscape and forest management Food systems in indigenous communities are sometimes closely linked to cultural, social or political systems e.g. ‘Lilwa’ socio-cultural organisation of the Mbole, Tshopo District, DRCongo; all interventions in the Mbole society should be based on an understanding of this socio- cultural institution (Kalala Nkudi, 1979)
  3. 3. Nutrition: whole of diet approach • Triple burden of malnutrition => Whole of Diet approach • in addition to the important staple crops, local populations need a diverse diet composed of cereals, tubers, roots, legumes, fruits, vegetables, nuts, meet/fish, insects, etc. to fully fulfill the multiple requirements in macro and micro nutrients for good nutrition and a healthy life. Ecosystem species genetic Proteins Vitamins Minerals Carbohydrates lipids Anti-nutrients Anti-oxidants Pharmacologically active substances
  4. 4. Nutrition: whole of diet approach Bioversity is working towards the development of an APPROACH and tools: • to document the availability and knowledge on local food biodiversity (crop diversity, wild and NUS species included) on an individual, community and landscape level in different agro-ecologial, socio-economic and cultural contexts from a food systems perspective • to study food composition and actual and potential consumption of these foods; • to assess seasonality, abundance, accessibility, affordability, cultural acceptability, sufficiency and safety of these foods for rural as well as urban consumers; • linear programming using local food composition data and food prices as an innovative tool to screen local biodiversity with regard to its potential to optimize diet quality and reduce cost of diet • to identify determinants, barriers and opportunities with regard to healthy local food consumption and dietary diversity • to evaluate best practices and implementation strategies for promotion of improved production, marketing and use of agricultural and wild biodiversity
  5. 5. Individual choices Nutrition and health outcomes Nutrient interactions Morbidity Water & sanitation …. Accessibility Culture
  6. 6. Role of wild, neglected and underutilized foods in reducing the cost of a nutritionally adequate diet in the eastern region of Baringo District, Kenya Project in collaboration with Save the Children UK and the Museums of Kenya Objective: Documenting the role of wild and underutilized foods in reducing the cost of a nutritionally adequate diet for children aged 6 to 24 months and women Methodology: • Ethnobotanical surveys to inventory wild and NUS species • Market price assessments and seasonality • Culturally acceptable average food consumption frequencies and portion sizes • Selection of 5 wild NUS species for modeling in Cost of Diet analysis • Cost of Diet lineair programming to assess the cost of a locally appropriate, culturally acceptable, cost-optimized, nutritious diet in dry and wet season. Analysis with and without wild NUS foods. http://www.bioversityinternational.org/index.php?id=19&no_cache=1&user_bioversitypublications_pi1[showUid]=7177
  7. 7. Role of wild, neglected and underutilized foods in reducing the cost of a nutritionally adequate diet in the eastern region of Baringo District, Kenya • Without wild foods: •modeled (optimized) diets were deficient in Fe for all age groups (women and children) during dry season •for infants aged 6 to 8 months: Vit. B6 and Ca deficient during dry season, Fe and Zn deficient the whole year • Including all 5 selected wild plant foods in the modeled diet (at a supposed zero cost), could substantially lower the cost of the diets (up to 64% for some age groups) and contributed to meet FAO/WHO recommended nutrient intakes • Berchemia discolor had the highest impact on the cost of the diet and on meeting recommended nutrient intakes for Fe • With or without wild foods, it was not possible to meet all recommended nutrient intakes in all seasons for children aged 6 to 12 months Balanites aegyptiaca Berchemia discolor Ximenia americana Ziziphus mauritiana Solanum nigrum http://www.bioversityinternational.org/index.php?id=19&no_cache=1&user_bioversitypublications_pi1[showUid]=7177
  8. 8. Nutrition along the value chain: Benin Assessing the role of market participation on species diversity grown, sold and consumed and its implications for diets, food security and nutrition among rural households Investigating the current and potential role of local biodiversity in meeting nutritional requirements for complementary foods of infants and young children
  9. 9. 9 Biodiversity Good nutrition and health Cultural Identitiy Food taboos Income Knowledge Barriers Incentives Value chains Markets Values Morbidity housing Water and sanitation Nutrient interactions Anti-nutrients Etc… Policies Can the consumer demand for nutritious and healthy foods stimulate biodiversity conservation ?
  10. 10. Sustainable Diets: Metrics and Policy Need to improve quality and environmental sustainability of the diet => Key determinants for a sustainable diet Sustainable diets are those diets with low environmental impacts which contribute to food and nutrition security and to healthy life for present and future generations. Metrics: Sustainable Diet Score and Suite of Indicators to reflect the multiple dimensions of a healthy and sustainable diet. Innovative strategies for accessible, safe, sustainable and resilient food systems which ensure environmental integrity, economic self-reliance and social well-being need to be developed and implemented
  11. 11. www.bioversityinternational.org Thank you Nutrition and Marketing Diversity Programme Céline Termote; c.termote@cgiar.org