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WALL
TREATMENT
SHREYA GUPTA
AMITY UNIVERSITY,LUCKNOW
WALL TREATMENT
� Wall treatment is covering for the interior wall
and exterior wall.
� It should harmonize with the floor and ceiling.
� Reflect people that use the room
WALL COVERING
� Walls make up the largest surface area of a
room and protect against outdoors and
reduce the noise entering a room. They hide
pipe, wirings and insulation and also divide
spaces.
� Most commonly used wall coverings are:
paint, wallpaper, paneling, mirrors, fabrics
and carpeting
TYPES OF WALL FINISHES
�Paint
�Wallpaper
�Stone
�Brick
�Glass
�Vinyl wall covering
�Resin
OTHER DIFFERENT TYPE OF
WALL FINISHES
� Stained glass Finish
� Design mirror Finish
� Flake Finish
� Pebbles Finish
� Coral Finish
� Tile cladding
� Canfor Finish
� Wood panelling
� Sand texture Finish
PLASTER
� An old technique in
which plaster is
applied is applied over
the wall board or
concrete block using a
lath . Texture range
from smooth to stucco.
This technique is
almost a lost trade
and is not used in new
homes. It often chips
and cracks settles
over the year.
GYPSUM BASED MATERIAL
� This just like plaster
of Paris finish gypsum
material is used to
prepare mortar. It is
more durable and
finer as compared to
plaster of Paris finish.
PLASTER OF PARIS
� Plaster of Paris or
simply plaster is a
type of building
material based on
calcium sulphate
hemihydrates. This is
smooth finish
achieved by POP
generally applied on
internal wall.
GYPSUM WALLBOARD – DRY
WALL
� It is most commonly used
material to cover wall in
interior projects. It has
evolved into a versatile,
dependable dependable
material that is quick to
install and is easy to
repair it is made from
natural crystallized
mineral. It is natural fire
resistant and can also act
as sound barrier , Gypsum
board of 4” wide sheet 8”,
9”or 10” high attached
directly to stud wall.
TILE
� Can be installed one
time at a time or in
sheets held together
with a mess like
backing. Tile provides
easy maintenance ,
they are wter
impervious [required
in public restroom]
but can create noisy
interior .
WOOD
� Wood comes in form of
panelling , plank [
such as flooring and
veneer etc. It provides
warmth and good
insulator but it tends
to fade and
flammable. As a
designer, you must
verify code compliance
before installing it in
commercial
application.
STAINED GLASS FINISH
� It involves lot of
creative work. Glass is
decorated with
itching, frosting, glass
pasting and finally
colouring with
suitable colours
according to the
theme. The stained
glass panels are used
on walls and ceilings.
PEBBLES FINISH
� This is a very simple
and attractive finish
obtained pasting small
pebbles on walls with
cement mortar as an
adhesive
� It is usually preferred
for exterior façade. It is
commonly used to give
nice flowing effect to
waterfalls that are
created especially
designed for hotel
interior or as a part of
exterior landscaping.
FLAKES FINISH
� It is special material
used to enhance
elevation treatment of
the building. It is
majorly used for exterior
façade. It has also been
used for interior but to a
very small extent
because chipping off
flakes is trouble.
� Flakes are applied with
a trowel on wall over a
coat of adhesive.
DESIGNER MIRRORS
� These are obtained by
small pieces in wall to
create mirror like
design.
CORAL FINISH
� It is similar to Plaster
of Paris and Gypsum
plaster finish, coral is
a type of plastering
material that gives a
rough edgy finish.
CANFOR FINISH
� It is also known as
Faux finish. This
material is used for
interiors of residences
. It adds a unique
aesthetic appeal to the
place. It comes in
6mm thickness and in
different design .
TILE CLADDING
� Different tiles for Eg.
Granite, Marble,
Glazed are used for
tile cladding. Selection
of tiles depend on the
place where it is to be
applied i.e. interior
façade and exterior
façade.
WOOD PANELLING
� It is decorative done
with wooden panels
on wall on various
design. Plywood or
wood covered with
veneer or laminate
can be used.
FABRICS
� Fabrics like wool,
linen, cotton ,burlap
and grass cloth are
used. They require
back coating as a
barrier to prevent
adhesive from
bleeding through
fabrics face and to
improve dimensional
stability.
SAND TEXTURED FINISH
� It is used to give fine
textured to wall. This
wall finish is not very
commonly used
because of its grains
coming out.
CEMENT TEXTURED FINISH
� It is a decorative
finish and its mortar
is prepared in cement
based material. It is
applied with sand
faced plaster with a
trowel and after that
it is coloured with
paint.
CEMENT PLASTERED FINISH
� It is prepared in the
form of mortar with
cement, sand and
water in proper
proportions and
applied on masonry
manually to achieve a
smooth finish or sand
face finish.
MOSAIC FINISH
� Glass mosaic are
small 1”*1” on a cloth
to get a workable size
12”* 12” and tile
pasted with an
adhesive on wall
surfaces. It can also be
pasted on curved
surfaces.
MARBLE POWDER FINISH
� It is very smooth
finish, looks like
marble flooring. It is
obtained by mortar of
marble powder, white
cement and water ,it
is applied manually .
LAMINATE FINISH
� It comes in various
colors and designs and
in the form of sheet. It
is pasted with fevicol
on plywood.
WALLPAPERS
� Wallpapers have a
paper face and a
paper back. It is not
commonly used in
commercial design as
it is subject to soiling,
abrasion and fading .
VINYL WALL COVERING
� Designed for service
ability and durability .
It is flame resistant.
Easily cleaned and
resistant to fading
and abrasion.
THANK
YOU

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Wall treatment

  • 2. WALL TREATMENT � Wall treatment is covering for the interior wall and exterior wall. � It should harmonize with the floor and ceiling. � Reflect people that use the room
  • 3. WALL COVERING � Walls make up the largest surface area of a room and protect against outdoors and reduce the noise entering a room. They hide pipe, wirings and insulation and also divide spaces. � Most commonly used wall coverings are: paint, wallpaper, paneling, mirrors, fabrics and carpeting
  • 4. TYPES OF WALL FINISHES �Paint �Wallpaper �Stone �Brick �Glass �Vinyl wall covering �Resin
  • 5. OTHER DIFFERENT TYPE OF WALL FINISHES � Stained glass Finish � Design mirror Finish � Flake Finish � Pebbles Finish � Coral Finish � Tile cladding � Canfor Finish � Wood panelling � Sand texture Finish
  • 6. PLASTER � An old technique in which plaster is applied is applied over the wall board or concrete block using a lath . Texture range from smooth to stucco. This technique is almost a lost trade and is not used in new homes. It often chips and cracks settles over the year.
  • 7. GYPSUM BASED MATERIAL � This just like plaster of Paris finish gypsum material is used to prepare mortar. It is more durable and finer as compared to plaster of Paris finish.
  • 8. PLASTER OF PARIS � Plaster of Paris or simply plaster is a type of building material based on calcium sulphate hemihydrates. This is smooth finish achieved by POP generally applied on internal wall.
  • 9. GYPSUM WALLBOARD – DRY WALL � It is most commonly used material to cover wall in interior projects. It has evolved into a versatile, dependable dependable material that is quick to install and is easy to repair it is made from natural crystallized mineral. It is natural fire resistant and can also act as sound barrier , Gypsum board of 4” wide sheet 8”, 9”or 10” high attached directly to stud wall.
  • 10. TILE � Can be installed one time at a time or in sheets held together with a mess like backing. Tile provides easy maintenance , they are wter impervious [required in public restroom] but can create noisy interior .
  • 11. WOOD � Wood comes in form of panelling , plank [ such as flooring and veneer etc. It provides warmth and good insulator but it tends to fade and flammable. As a designer, you must verify code compliance before installing it in commercial application.
  • 12. STAINED GLASS FINISH � It involves lot of creative work. Glass is decorated with itching, frosting, glass pasting and finally colouring with suitable colours according to the theme. The stained glass panels are used on walls and ceilings.
  • 13. PEBBLES FINISH � This is a very simple and attractive finish obtained pasting small pebbles on walls with cement mortar as an adhesive � It is usually preferred for exterior façade. It is commonly used to give nice flowing effect to waterfalls that are created especially designed for hotel interior or as a part of exterior landscaping.
  • 14. FLAKES FINISH � It is special material used to enhance elevation treatment of the building. It is majorly used for exterior façade. It has also been used for interior but to a very small extent because chipping off flakes is trouble. � Flakes are applied with a trowel on wall over a coat of adhesive.
  • 15. DESIGNER MIRRORS � These are obtained by small pieces in wall to create mirror like design.
  • 16. CORAL FINISH � It is similar to Plaster of Paris and Gypsum plaster finish, coral is a type of plastering material that gives a rough edgy finish.
  • 17. CANFOR FINISH � It is also known as Faux finish. This material is used for interiors of residences . It adds a unique aesthetic appeal to the place. It comes in 6mm thickness and in different design .
  • 18. TILE CLADDING � Different tiles for Eg. Granite, Marble, Glazed are used for tile cladding. Selection of tiles depend on the place where it is to be applied i.e. interior façade and exterior façade.
  • 19. WOOD PANELLING � It is decorative done with wooden panels on wall on various design. Plywood or wood covered with veneer or laminate can be used.
  • 20. FABRICS � Fabrics like wool, linen, cotton ,burlap and grass cloth are used. They require back coating as a barrier to prevent adhesive from bleeding through fabrics face and to improve dimensional stability.
  • 21. SAND TEXTURED FINISH � It is used to give fine textured to wall. This wall finish is not very commonly used because of its grains coming out.
  • 22. CEMENT TEXTURED FINISH � It is a decorative finish and its mortar is prepared in cement based material. It is applied with sand faced plaster with a trowel and after that it is coloured with paint.
  • 23. CEMENT PLASTERED FINISH � It is prepared in the form of mortar with cement, sand and water in proper proportions and applied on masonry manually to achieve a smooth finish or sand face finish.
  • 24. MOSAIC FINISH � Glass mosaic are small 1”*1” on a cloth to get a workable size 12”* 12” and tile pasted with an adhesive on wall surfaces. It can also be pasted on curved surfaces.
  • 25. MARBLE POWDER FINISH � It is very smooth finish, looks like marble flooring. It is obtained by mortar of marble powder, white cement and water ,it is applied manually .
  • 26. LAMINATE FINISH � It comes in various colors and designs and in the form of sheet. It is pasted with fevicol on plywood.
  • 27. WALLPAPERS � Wallpapers have a paper face and a paper back. It is not commonly used in commercial design as it is subject to soiling, abrasion and fading .
  • 28. VINYL WALL COVERING � Designed for service ability and durability . It is flame resistant. Easily cleaned and resistant to fading and abrasion.