Beginning of the RevoltThe Indian Rebellion of 1857 beganas a mutiny of sepoys of the EastIndia Companys army on 10th May1857, in the town of Meerut, and soonescalated into other mutinies andcivilian rebellions largely in the upperGangetic plain and central India.
It’s Spread• It spread from the town of Meerut in Uttar Pradesh.• Gradually it spread to Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and the most important place, Delhi.
Cause of the Revolt • The main cause of this revolt was the soldiers were asked to bite off the paper cartridges for their rifles which were greased with animal fat namely beef and pork. This is even today against the religious beliefs1857 Cartridge of Hindus and Muslims.
Important revolutIon Centres and theIr leadersBarrackpore Mangal PandeyJhansi Rani LakshmibaiLucknow Begum Hazrat MahalKanpur Nana SahebBareilly Khan Bahadur KhanBihar Kunwar SinghDelhi Bahadur Shah Zafar
Mangal Pandey He was born on 19th July 1827, in the Nagwa district in Uttar Pradesh. He is known for his involvement in the initial stages of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. While contemporary British reports considered him a traitor and mutineer, he is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India. As such, in 1984 the Indian government issued a postage stamp to commemorate him. He died on 18th August 1857. Mangal Pandey
Rani Lakshmibai • She was was the queen of the Maratha-ruled princely state of Jhansi, situated in the north- central part of India. • She was one of the leading figures of the Indian Rebellion of 1857and for Indian nationalists a symbol of resistance to the rule of the British East India Company in the subcontinent.Rani Lakshmibai
Nana Sahib• Nana Sahib was born as Dhondu Pant, he was a rebel Indian leader during the Indian Rebellion of 1857 who played a part in two massacres of British troops and civilians. As the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, he sought to restore the Maratha confederacy and the Peshwa tradition. Nana Sahib
Khan Bahadur Khan• Khan Badur Khan Rohilla was the grandson of Hafiz Rahmat Khan.• He formed his own government in Bareilly in 1857 Indian revolt against British.• When the Indian Rebellion of 1857 failed, Bareilly, too was subjugated. Khan Bahadur Khan was sentenced to death and hanged in the Kotwali on February 24, 1860. Khan Bahadur Khan
Kunwar Singh • Kunwar Singh, one of the leaders of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 belonged to a royal Kshatriya (Rajput) house of Jagdispur, currently a part of Bhojpur district, Bihar, India. • At the age of 80 years, during India’s First War of Independence in 1857, he actively led a select band of armed soldiersKunwar Singh against the troops under the command of the East India Company, he
Begum Hazrat Begum Hazrat Mahal was stunningly beautiful, and used her courage and leadership qualities to rebel against the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857. After her husband had been sent away in exile to Calcutta, she took charge of the affairs of the state of Awadh, seized control of Lucknow and set up her son, Prince Birjis Qadir, asBegum Hazrat the ruler (Wali) of Awadh.
Bahadur Shah Zafar• Mirza Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar better known as Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal Emperor of India.• He played an important role in uniting the Hindus and the Bahadur Shah Zafar Muslims to stand against the British.
After the revolt…• After the revolt, the Government in Britain announced the end of company rule.• The British Government directly took control over India.• Queen Victoria of Britain was named the empress of India. Queen Victoria
Conclusion• The Revolt of 1857 is still remembered by the local people as the first war of independence.• The rebellion saw the end of the British East India Companys rule in India. In August, by the Government of India Act 1858, the company was formally dissolved and its ruling powers over India were transferred to the British Crown.