SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 15
1857 WAR OF
INDEPENDENCE
Name:
Roll No:
MA Mass Communication – ASSIGNMENT
• 10 May 1857, the Indian
Mutiny also known as Sepoy
Mutiny.
• It was a widespread but
unsuccessful rebellion
in 1857–58.
• Begun in Meerut by sepoys
It spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur
and Lucknow.
• In India it is often called the
First War of Independence.
INTRODUCTION
The Indian Mutiny (Indian Rebellion)
of 1857
• The 19th Native infantry at Berhampur refused to use the cartridges and it was disbanded
on 29th March.
• The 34th Infantry at Barrackpore refused to use the new cartridge. When forced to use,
Mangal Pandey killed the sergeant. Mangal Pandey was apprehended and hanged. The
34th Infantry was also disbanded.
• Like the 19th Native infantry and the 34th infantry, 85 soldiers of Meerut infantry also
refused to use the cartridges. They were tried and they were sentenced to long term
imprisonment. The sepoys rose in revolt by breaking open the gates of the jail and released
all their fellow soldiers and rushed towards Delhi.
• Within 2 days they captured Delhi and proclaimed Bahadur Shah II (last Mughal Badshah) as
the Emperor of India.
• They hoisted the flag of Independence on the Red Fort.
• Soon the mutiny spread to Lucknow, Allahabad, Kanpur, Bareily, Jagadishpur, Jhansi etc.
MAJOR EVENTS
OF THE
1857 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
• The sepoys had been issued with a
new Enfield rifle. In order to use the
rifle, the soldier had to bite off the
end of a lubricated cartridge before
inserting the powder into the
weapon.
 The problem: grease used to seal the
cartridge was made from animal fat –
 cow, sacred to Hindu Soldiers,
 pork, an insult to the Muslim
soldiers.
WHY DID IT HAPPEN?
• 1. Social and Religious Causes: The British had abandoned its policy of non-interference in the
socio-religious life of the Indians. Abolition of Sati (1829), Hindu Widow Remarriage Act (1856). The
Religious Disabilities Act of 1850 modified the traditional Hindu law. According to it, the change in
religion would not debar a son from inheriting the property of his heathen father.
• 2. Economic Causes: British rule led to breakdown of the village self-sufficiency, commercialisation
of agriculture which burdened the peasantry, adoption of free trade imperialism from 1800, de-
industrialization and drain of wealth all of which led to overall decline of economy.
• 3. Military Grievances: The Sepoys were required to serve in area away from their homes without
the payment. An important cause of Military discontent was the General Service Enlistment Act,
1856, which made it compulsory for the sepoys to cross the seas, whenever required. The Post
Office Act of 1854 withdrew the free postage facility for them.
• 4. Political Causes: The last major extension of the British Indian territory took place during the
time of Dalhousie. Dalhousie announced in 1849, that the successor of Bahadur Shah II would
to leave the Red Fort. The annexation of Baghat and Udaipur were however, cancelled and they
were restored to their ruling houses. When Dalhousie wanted to apply the Doctrine of Lapse to
Karauli (Rajputana), he was overruled by the court of Directors.
Other Possible Reasons:
The mutiny first broke out at Meerut in United Provinces on May 10,
1857.
Before this a young Sepoy by the name of Mangal Pande fired at the
Sergeant Major of his unit at Barrackpore. He was overpowered and
executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May.
Beginning of Revolt
VARIOUS PLACES WHERE THE REVOLT TOOK PLACE
And it’s Leaders
• Mutiny at Delhi
At Delhi the symbolic leadership belonged to the Mughal Emperor Bahadur
Shah, but the real command was in the hands of General Bakht Khan who
had led the revolt of bareilly troops and brought them to Delhi.
• Revolt at Kanpur
The mutiny at Kanpur was led by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the last
Peshwa, Baji Rao II. Nana Saheb defeated the British army and made them
withdraw from Kanpur and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. Nana Saheb
acknowledged Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India and declared himself to
be his governor.
• Rebellion at Lucknow
In Lucknow, the rebellion was led by Begum Hazrat Mahal. Her son, Birjis
Qadir, was proclaimed the Nawab and a regular administration was organised
with important offices shared equally by Muslims and Hindus.
• Unrest at Bareilly
Khan Bahadur sounded the bugle at Bareilly since he was not satisfied with
the pension granted by the British. He organised an army of 40,000 soldiers
and offered stiff resistance to the British.
• Revolt in Bihar
In Bihar, the revolt was led by Kunwar Singh, the zamindar of Jagdishpur. He
was above 70 years and held a grudge against the British for depriving him
his estates.
• Mutiny at Faizabad
Maulvi Ahmadullah of Faizabad was another outstanding leader of the revolt.
He emerged as one of the revolt’s acknowledged leaders once it broke out in
Awadh in May 1857.
• Revolt at Jhansi
The most outstanding leader of the 1857 revolt was Rani Laxmibai who led
the revolt at Jhansi since her adopted son was refused to succeed to the
throne after her husband had died and had annexed Jhansi by applying the
‘Doctrine of Lapse’.
She was joined by Tantia Tope, a close associate of Nana Saheb, after the loss
of Kanpur.
• The East India Company was abolished in favour of the direct rule of India by the British
government.
• The financial crisis caused by the mutiny led to a reorganization of the Indian
administration’s finances on a modern basis. The Indian army was also extensively
reorganized.
• Another significant result of the mutiny was the beginning of the policy of consultation with
Indians. The Legislative Council of 1853 had contained only Europeans and had arrogantly
behaved as if it were a full-fledged parliament. It was widely felt that a lack of
communication with Indian opinion had helped to precipitate the crisis. Accordingly, the new
council of 1861 was given an Indian-nominated element.
• There was the effect of the mutiny on the people of India themselves. Traditional society had
made its protest against the incoming alien influences, and it had failed.
• The traditional structure of Indian society began to break down and was eventually
superseded by a Westernized class system, from which emerged a strong middle class with a
heightened sense of Indian nationalism.
The Outcome
1857 War of Independence (India)

More Related Content

What's hot

The first war of independence 1857
The first war of independence 1857The first war of independence 1857
The first war of independence 1857BHAVISHYA GAUR
 
The Indian Revolt of 1857
The Indian Revolt of 1857The Indian Revolt of 1857
The Indian Revolt of 1857Manas Joshi
 
Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857chibisidd
 
India Integration 1947
India Integration 1947India Integration 1947
India Integration 1947Parag Chaubey
 
THE CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857
THE CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857THE CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857
THE CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857Ajay Guleria
 
Tribal revolts and movements led by deposed rulers and zamindars
Tribal revolts and  movements led by deposed rulers and zamindarsTribal revolts and  movements led by deposed rulers and zamindars
Tribal revolts and movements led by deposed rulers and zamindarsSrinivasa Rao
 
The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857Rishav Arora
 
The revolt of 1857 anupriya bhatnagar
The revolt of 1857 anupriya bhatnagarThe revolt of 1857 anupriya bhatnagar
The revolt of 1857 anupriya bhatnagarAnkur Bhatnagar
 
Boxer uprising
Boxer uprisingBoxer uprising
Boxer uprisingBabyRaniM
 
Partition of India
Partition of India Partition of India
Partition of India katherald
 
Arrival and expansion of british power in india
Arrival and expansion of british power in indiaArrival and expansion of british power in india
Arrival and expansion of british power in indiaIshank Sahu
 
The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857kollee
 
The First War of Independence, 1857
The First War of Independence, 1857The First War of Independence, 1857
The First War of Independence, 1857Suhas Mandlik
 
East india company
East india companyEast india company
East india companyKritika Garg
 
The revolt for 1857
The revolt for 1857The revolt for 1857
The revolt for 1857ahmad salar
 

What's hot (20)

The first war of independence 1857
The first war of independence 1857The first war of independence 1857
The first war of independence 1857
 
The Indian Revolt of 1857
The Indian Revolt of 1857The Indian Revolt of 1857
The Indian Revolt of 1857
 
Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857
 
India Integration 1947
India Integration 1947India Integration 1947
India Integration 1947
 
Battle Of Buxar
Battle Of BuxarBattle Of Buxar
Battle Of Buxar
 
THE CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857
THE CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857THE CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857
THE CAUSES OF REVOLT OF 1857
 
Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857
 
Tribal revolts and movements led by deposed rulers and zamindars
Tribal revolts and  movements led by deposed rulers and zamindarsTribal revolts and  movements led by deposed rulers and zamindars
Tribal revolts and movements led by deposed rulers and zamindars
 
The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857
 
The revolt of 1857 anupriya bhatnagar
The revolt of 1857 anupriya bhatnagarThe revolt of 1857 anupriya bhatnagar
The revolt of 1857 anupriya bhatnagar
 
Boxer uprising
Boxer uprisingBoxer uprising
Boxer uprising
 
Battle of plassey
Battle of plasseyBattle of plassey
Battle of plassey
 
Partition of India
Partition of India Partition of India
Partition of India
 
Arrival and expansion of british power in india
Arrival and expansion of british power in indiaArrival and expansion of british power in india
Arrival and expansion of british power in india
 
The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857
 
The First War of Independence, 1857
The First War of Independence, 1857The First War of Independence, 1857
The First War of Independence, 1857
 
Partion Of India
Partion Of IndiaPartion Of India
Partion Of India
 
East india company
East india companyEast india company
East india company
 
The revolt for 1857
The revolt for 1857The revolt for 1857
The revolt for 1857
 
When people rebel
When people rebelWhen people rebel
When people rebel
 

Similar to 1857 War of Independence (India)

REVOLT OF 1857.pptx
REVOLT OF 1857.pptxREVOLT OF 1857.pptx
REVOLT OF 1857.pptxDr.PRICILA
 
Chapter 5 When People Rebel 1857 and After.pptx
Chapter 5 When People Rebel 1857 and After.pptxChapter 5 When People Rebel 1857 and After.pptx
Chapter 5 When People Rebel 1857 and After.pptxCNest1
 
Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857Aparna
 
War of independance
War of independanceWar of independance
War of independanceSyeda Kazmi
 
the-revolt-of-1857.ppt
the-revolt-of-1857.pptthe-revolt-of-1857.ppt
the-revolt-of-1857.pptssuser3b6da5
 
When people rebel 1857 and
When people rebel 1857 andWhen people rebel 1857 and
When people rebel 1857 andVaidehaPatle
 
First war of independence
First war of independenceFirst war of independence
First war of independenceAbhishek Jain
 
The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857Arnav Bansal
 
Coming of the europeans
Coming of the europeansComing of the europeans
Coming of the europeansDhuruvan K
 
Revolt of 1857: India's first War of Independence
Revolt of 1857: India's first War of IndependenceRevolt of 1857: India's first War of Independence
Revolt of 1857: India's first War of IndependenceRahul Singh
 

Similar to 1857 War of Independence (India) (20)

1857.ppt.pptx
1857.ppt.pptx1857.ppt.pptx
1857.ppt.pptx
 
REVOLT OF 1857.pptx
REVOLT OF 1857.pptxREVOLT OF 1857.pptx
REVOLT OF 1857.pptx
 
When People Rebel PPT.pptx
When People Rebel PPT.pptxWhen People Rebel PPT.pptx
When People Rebel PPT.pptx
 
When People Rebel [PPT]
When People Rebel [PPT]When People Rebel [PPT]
When People Rebel [PPT]
 
Revolt
RevoltRevolt
Revolt
 
Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857
 
Chapter 5 When People Rebel 1857 and After.pptx
Chapter 5 When People Rebel 1857 and After.pptxChapter 5 When People Rebel 1857 and After.pptx
Chapter 5 When People Rebel 1857 and After.pptx
 
Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857Revolt of 1857
Revolt of 1857
 
PPT PPL.pdf
PPT PPL.pdfPPT PPL.pdf
PPT PPL.pdf
 
1,1857
1,18571,1857
1,1857
 
War of independance
War of independanceWar of independance
War of independance
 
the-revolt-of-1857.ppt
the-revolt-of-1857.pptthe-revolt-of-1857.ppt
the-revolt-of-1857.ppt
 
When people rebel 1857 and
When people rebel 1857 andWhen people rebel 1857 and
When people rebel 1857 and
 
First war of independence
First war of independenceFirst war of independence
First war of independence
 
The 1857 revolt
The 1857 revoltThe 1857 revolt
The 1857 revolt
 
The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857The revolt of 1857
The revolt of 1857
 
whenpeoplerebel1857.pptx
whenpeoplerebel1857.pptxwhenpeoplerebel1857.pptx
whenpeoplerebel1857.pptx
 
1857 revolt
1857 revolt1857 revolt
1857 revolt
 
Coming of the europeans
Coming of the europeansComing of the europeans
Coming of the europeans
 
Revolt of 1857: India's first War of Independence
Revolt of 1857: India's first War of IndependenceRevolt of 1857: India's first War of Independence
Revolt of 1857: India's first War of Independence
 

More from Rahul John

Informal - Indian Protocol Event in Budapest | International Relations
Informal - Indian Protocol  Event in Budapest | International RelationsInformal - Indian Protocol  Event in Budapest | International Relations
Informal - Indian Protocol Event in Budapest | International RelationsRahul John
 
Foreign Policy as Geopolitics Nixons Triangular Diplomacy
Foreign Policy as Geopolitics Nixons Triangular DiplomacyForeign Policy as Geopolitics Nixons Triangular Diplomacy
Foreign Policy as Geopolitics Nixons Triangular DiplomacyRahul John
 
Dutch Multicultural Society - Netherlands 2024
Dutch Multicultural Society - Netherlands 2024Dutch Multicultural Society - Netherlands 2024
Dutch Multicultural Society - Netherlands 2024Rahul John
 
The Stages Phases of Internet Development PPT
The Stages Phases of Internet Development PPTThe Stages Phases of Internet Development PPT
The Stages Phases of Internet Development PPTRahul John
 
Verghese committee ppt - B.G. Verghese 1977
Verghese committee ppt - B.G. Verghese 1977Verghese committee ppt - B.G. Verghese 1977
Verghese committee ppt - B.G. Verghese 1977Rahul John
 
Bail In India 2019 PPT - LAW India Bail
Bail In India 2019 PPT  - LAW India BailBail In India 2019 PPT  - LAW India Bail
Bail In India 2019 PPT - LAW India BailRahul John
 
A comparative study of four Indian Newspapers ppt 2019
A comparative study of four Indian Newspapers ppt 2019A comparative study of four Indian Newspapers ppt 2019
A comparative study of four Indian Newspapers ppt 2019Rahul John
 
Feature Films PPT - Feature Films India
Feature Films PPT - Feature Films IndiaFeature Films PPT - Feature Films India
Feature Films PPT - Feature Films IndiaRahul John
 
Augmented Reality - PPT
Augmented Reality - PPTAugmented Reality - PPT
Augmented Reality - PPTRahul John
 
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Rahul John
 
Tor and Deep Web - PPT
Tor and Deep Web - PPTTor and Deep Web - PPT
Tor and Deep Web - PPTRahul John
 
Technological Singularity & A.I. 2018 - PPT
Technological Singularity & A.I. 2018 - PPTTechnological Singularity & A.I. 2018 - PPT
Technological Singularity & A.I. 2018 - PPTRahul John
 
Sengupta committee 1995 & suggestions - PPT
Sengupta committee 1995 & suggestions - PPTSengupta committee 1995 & suggestions - PPT
Sengupta committee 1995 & suggestions - PPTRahul John
 
PPT - Problems of Women in India 2018
PPT - Problems of Women in India 2018PPT - Problems of Women in India 2018
PPT - Problems of Women in India 2018Rahul John
 
Penny Press Newspaper PPT
Penny Press Newspaper PPTPenny Press Newspaper PPT
Penny Press Newspaper PPTRahul John
 
Education (India)
Education (India)Education (India)
Education (India)Rahul John
 

More from Rahul John (16)

Informal - Indian Protocol Event in Budapest | International Relations
Informal - Indian Protocol  Event in Budapest | International RelationsInformal - Indian Protocol  Event in Budapest | International Relations
Informal - Indian Protocol Event in Budapest | International Relations
 
Foreign Policy as Geopolitics Nixons Triangular Diplomacy
Foreign Policy as Geopolitics Nixons Triangular DiplomacyForeign Policy as Geopolitics Nixons Triangular Diplomacy
Foreign Policy as Geopolitics Nixons Triangular Diplomacy
 
Dutch Multicultural Society - Netherlands 2024
Dutch Multicultural Society - Netherlands 2024Dutch Multicultural Society - Netherlands 2024
Dutch Multicultural Society - Netherlands 2024
 
The Stages Phases of Internet Development PPT
The Stages Phases of Internet Development PPTThe Stages Phases of Internet Development PPT
The Stages Phases of Internet Development PPT
 
Verghese committee ppt - B.G. Verghese 1977
Verghese committee ppt - B.G. Verghese 1977Verghese committee ppt - B.G. Verghese 1977
Verghese committee ppt - B.G. Verghese 1977
 
Bail In India 2019 PPT - LAW India Bail
Bail In India 2019 PPT  - LAW India BailBail In India 2019 PPT  - LAW India Bail
Bail In India 2019 PPT - LAW India Bail
 
A comparative study of four Indian Newspapers ppt 2019
A comparative study of four Indian Newspapers ppt 2019A comparative study of four Indian Newspapers ppt 2019
A comparative study of four Indian Newspapers ppt 2019
 
Feature Films PPT - Feature Films India
Feature Films PPT - Feature Films IndiaFeature Films PPT - Feature Films India
Feature Films PPT - Feature Films India
 
Augmented Reality - PPT
Augmented Reality - PPTAugmented Reality - PPT
Augmented Reality - PPT
 
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
Hyper Loop One PPT - Hyperloop India 2018
 
Tor and Deep Web - PPT
Tor and Deep Web - PPTTor and Deep Web - PPT
Tor and Deep Web - PPT
 
Technological Singularity & A.I. 2018 - PPT
Technological Singularity & A.I. 2018 - PPTTechnological Singularity & A.I. 2018 - PPT
Technological Singularity & A.I. 2018 - PPT
 
Sengupta committee 1995 & suggestions - PPT
Sengupta committee 1995 & suggestions - PPTSengupta committee 1995 & suggestions - PPT
Sengupta committee 1995 & suggestions - PPT
 
PPT - Problems of Women in India 2018
PPT - Problems of Women in India 2018PPT - Problems of Women in India 2018
PPT - Problems of Women in India 2018
 
Penny Press Newspaper PPT
Penny Press Newspaper PPTPenny Press Newspaper PPT
Penny Press Newspaper PPT
 
Education (India)
Education (India)Education (India)
Education (India)
 

Recently uploaded

Transforming Andhra Pradesh: TDP's Legacy in Road Connectivity
Transforming Andhra Pradesh: TDP's Legacy in Road ConnectivityTransforming Andhra Pradesh: TDP's Legacy in Road Connectivity
Transforming Andhra Pradesh: TDP's Legacy in Road Connectivitynarsireddynannuri1
 
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxPolitical-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxSasikiranMarri
 
Foreign Relation of Pakistan with Neighboring Countries.pptx
Foreign Relation of Pakistan with Neighboring Countries.pptxForeign Relation of Pakistan with Neighboring Countries.pptx
Foreign Relation of Pakistan with Neighboring Countries.pptxunark75
 
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptEmerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptNandinituteja1
 
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...The Lifesciences Magazine
 
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxlok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxdigiyvbmrkt
 
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
14042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
14042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf14042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
14042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptGeostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptUsmanKaran
 
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)ssuser583c35
 
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdfFIRST INDIA
 

Recently uploaded (14)

Transforming Andhra Pradesh: TDP's Legacy in Road Connectivity
Transforming Andhra Pradesh: TDP's Legacy in Road ConnectivityTransforming Andhra Pradesh: TDP's Legacy in Road Connectivity
Transforming Andhra Pradesh: TDP's Legacy in Road Connectivity
 
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptxPolitical-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
Political-Ideologies-and-The-Movements.pptx
 
Foreign Relation of Pakistan with Neighboring Countries.pptx
Foreign Relation of Pakistan with Neighboring Countries.pptxForeign Relation of Pakistan with Neighboring Countries.pptx
Foreign Relation of Pakistan with Neighboring Countries.pptx
 
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
16042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.pptEmerging issues in migration policies.ppt
Emerging issues in migration policies.ppt
 
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
Mitochondrial Fusion Vital for Adult Brain Function and Disease Understanding...
 
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptxlok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
lok sabha Elections in india- 2024 .pptx
 
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
11042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
12042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
14042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
14042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf14042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
14042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
13042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.pptGeostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
Geostrategic significance of South Asian countries.ppt
 
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
Power in International Relations (Pol 5)
 
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
15042024_First India Newspaper Jaipur.pdf
 

1857 War of Independence (India)

  • 1. 1857 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE Name: Roll No: MA Mass Communication – ASSIGNMENT
  • 2. • 10 May 1857, the Indian Mutiny also known as Sepoy Mutiny. • It was a widespread but unsuccessful rebellion in 1857–58. • Begun in Meerut by sepoys It spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur and Lucknow. • In India it is often called the First War of Independence. INTRODUCTION The Indian Mutiny (Indian Rebellion) of 1857
  • 3. • The 19th Native infantry at Berhampur refused to use the cartridges and it was disbanded on 29th March. • The 34th Infantry at Barrackpore refused to use the new cartridge. When forced to use, Mangal Pandey killed the sergeant. Mangal Pandey was apprehended and hanged. The 34th Infantry was also disbanded. • Like the 19th Native infantry and the 34th infantry, 85 soldiers of Meerut infantry also refused to use the cartridges. They were tried and they were sentenced to long term imprisonment. The sepoys rose in revolt by breaking open the gates of the jail and released all their fellow soldiers and rushed towards Delhi. • Within 2 days they captured Delhi and proclaimed Bahadur Shah II (last Mughal Badshah) as the Emperor of India. • They hoisted the flag of Independence on the Red Fort. • Soon the mutiny spread to Lucknow, Allahabad, Kanpur, Bareily, Jagadishpur, Jhansi etc. MAJOR EVENTS OF THE 1857 WAR OF INDEPENDENCE
  • 4. • The sepoys had been issued with a new Enfield rifle. In order to use the rifle, the soldier had to bite off the end of a lubricated cartridge before inserting the powder into the weapon.  The problem: grease used to seal the cartridge was made from animal fat –  cow, sacred to Hindu Soldiers,  pork, an insult to the Muslim soldiers. WHY DID IT HAPPEN?
  • 5. • 1. Social and Religious Causes: The British had abandoned its policy of non-interference in the socio-religious life of the Indians. Abolition of Sati (1829), Hindu Widow Remarriage Act (1856). The Religious Disabilities Act of 1850 modified the traditional Hindu law. According to it, the change in religion would not debar a son from inheriting the property of his heathen father. • 2. Economic Causes: British rule led to breakdown of the village self-sufficiency, commercialisation of agriculture which burdened the peasantry, adoption of free trade imperialism from 1800, de- industrialization and drain of wealth all of which led to overall decline of economy. • 3. Military Grievances: The Sepoys were required to serve in area away from their homes without the payment. An important cause of Military discontent was the General Service Enlistment Act, 1856, which made it compulsory for the sepoys to cross the seas, whenever required. The Post Office Act of 1854 withdrew the free postage facility for them. • 4. Political Causes: The last major extension of the British Indian territory took place during the time of Dalhousie. Dalhousie announced in 1849, that the successor of Bahadur Shah II would to leave the Red Fort. The annexation of Baghat and Udaipur were however, cancelled and they were restored to their ruling houses. When Dalhousie wanted to apply the Doctrine of Lapse to Karauli (Rajputana), he was overruled by the court of Directors. Other Possible Reasons:
  • 6. The mutiny first broke out at Meerut in United Provinces on May 10, 1857. Before this a young Sepoy by the name of Mangal Pande fired at the Sergeant Major of his unit at Barrackpore. He was overpowered and executed on April 6 while his regiment was disbanded in May. Beginning of Revolt VARIOUS PLACES WHERE THE REVOLT TOOK PLACE And it’s Leaders
  • 7. • Mutiny at Delhi At Delhi the symbolic leadership belonged to the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah, but the real command was in the hands of General Bakht Khan who had led the revolt of bareilly troops and brought them to Delhi.
  • 8. • Revolt at Kanpur The mutiny at Kanpur was led by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of the last Peshwa, Baji Rao II. Nana Saheb defeated the British army and made them withdraw from Kanpur and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. Nana Saheb acknowledged Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India and declared himself to be his governor.
  • 9. • Rebellion at Lucknow In Lucknow, the rebellion was led by Begum Hazrat Mahal. Her son, Birjis Qadir, was proclaimed the Nawab and a regular administration was organised with important offices shared equally by Muslims and Hindus.
  • 10. • Unrest at Bareilly Khan Bahadur sounded the bugle at Bareilly since he was not satisfied with the pension granted by the British. He organised an army of 40,000 soldiers and offered stiff resistance to the British.
  • 11. • Revolt in Bihar In Bihar, the revolt was led by Kunwar Singh, the zamindar of Jagdishpur. He was above 70 years and held a grudge against the British for depriving him his estates.
  • 12. • Mutiny at Faizabad Maulvi Ahmadullah of Faizabad was another outstanding leader of the revolt. He emerged as one of the revolt’s acknowledged leaders once it broke out in Awadh in May 1857.
  • 13. • Revolt at Jhansi The most outstanding leader of the 1857 revolt was Rani Laxmibai who led the revolt at Jhansi since her adopted son was refused to succeed to the throne after her husband had died and had annexed Jhansi by applying the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’. She was joined by Tantia Tope, a close associate of Nana Saheb, after the loss of Kanpur.
  • 14. • The East India Company was abolished in favour of the direct rule of India by the British government. • The financial crisis caused by the mutiny led to a reorganization of the Indian administration’s finances on a modern basis. The Indian army was also extensively reorganized. • Another significant result of the mutiny was the beginning of the policy of consultation with Indians. The Legislative Council of 1853 had contained only Europeans and had arrogantly behaved as if it were a full-fledged parliament. It was widely felt that a lack of communication with Indian opinion had helped to precipitate the crisis. Accordingly, the new council of 1861 was given an Indian-nominated element. • There was the effect of the mutiny on the people of India themselves. Traditional society had made its protest against the incoming alien influences, and it had failed. • The traditional structure of Indian society began to break down and was eventually superseded by a Westernized class system, from which emerged a strong middle class with a heightened sense of Indian nationalism. The Outcome