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Modal verbs

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Modal verbs

  1. 1. Teacher: Kátia Rosa Azevedo2ªsérie matutino3ºbimestreSlide 1VERBOS MODAIS (MODAL VERBS) <br />
  2. 2. The modal verbs are <br />Can = poder<br />Could = poder (passado)<br />May = poder<br />Might = poder<br />Must = dever <br />Should = dever <br />Ought to = dever<br />
  3. 3. No (to ) in theinfinitiveform<br /> to can (wrong) - can (correct)<br />to must(wrong) – must (correct)<br />
  4. 4. No (to) afterthe modal verbs<br /> I can (to) dance (NO)<br /> I can dance<br />exception : ought to <br />Youought to do yourlessons<br />você deveria fazer sua lição<br />
  5. 5. Negativeform<br />Can = can´t, cannot<br />Could = couldnot – couldn´t<br />May = maynot<br />Might = mightnot, mightn´t<br />Must = mustn´t, mustnot<br />Should = shouldnot, shouldn´t<br />Ought to = oughtnot to, oughtn´t<br />
  6. 6. Interrogativeform<br /> Inverte a posição do sujeito com verbo<br />ShecanspeakEnglish<br />CanshespeakEnglish?<br />
  7. 7. No s in thethirdperson<br /> I can<br />Youcan<br />He can<br />Shecan<br />It can<br />Wecan<br />Theycan<br />
  8. 8. MODAL VERBS<br />verbos auxiliares modais são verbos que só ocorrem na presença de outro verbo<br />I can ride a bike<br />Youmayberight<br />Shemuststayher<br />Youshouldread<br />
  9. 9. Não têm passado nem futuro (com exceção do can).<br />Devido à alta freqüência com que ocorrem na língua, os verbos modais tornam-se imprescindíveis<br />
  10. 10. Can - Could<br />ability:<br />I canspeakEnglish - Eu consigo falar inglês.<br />Wecanseethelakefromourbedroom. <br />(Nós podemos ver o lago da janela do nosso quarto). <br />permission: <br />Can I smokehere? - Posso fumar aqui?<br />Can I leaveearly?Deduction (can´t)<br />Steve can´t havegone to church. He ´s anatheist<br />
  11. 11. Can - Could<br />Pedidos e Solicitações<br />Canyouchangethis light bulb for me?<br />Deduction<br />Brad can´t besick. I spoke to himten minutes ago.<br />
  12. 12. Could funciona como passado e como futuro do pretérito de can:<br />passado: <br />I couldn'tspeakEnglishbeforegoing to England. <br />Youcouldn'tsmoke in thepresenceofyourparentsatthat time. <br />Eu não sabia falar inglês antes de ir para a Inglaterra. <br />Não se podia fumar na presença dos pais, naquela época.<br />
  13. 13. Could- futuro do pretérito<br />Youcouldhavecalled me. <br />Couldyou do me a favor? <br />Pedir e dar permissão<br />- Você poderia ter me ligado. <br />Você poderia me fazer um favor?<br />
  14. 14. May<br />Permission:<br />May I smokehere? Posso fumar aqui?<br />May I take some ofyourpainkiller?<br />Possibility:<br />It mayraintoday. Pode ser que chova hoje<br /> I maybesufferingfromaneatingdisorder.<br />
  15. 15. Might<br />remotepossibility:<br />It mightrainthis weekend. <br />É capaz de chover no próximo fim de semana.<br />
  16. 16. Should<br />Advice: <br />Youshouldstudy more. <br />Youshouldn´t overeat<br />Você deveria estudar mais.<br />
  17. 17. Must<br />Prohibition: <br />Youmustn'tget out ofbed. <br /> Você não pode sair da cama.<br />Obligation/necessidade<br />Youmuststop smoking. <br />Você tem que parar de fumar.<br />
  18. 18. MUST: é usado para dizermos que alguma coisa que temos certeza é verdadeira.Inference, logicaldeduction.<br />Linda mustgetverybored in herjob. She does thesamethingeveryday. <br />(Linda deve ficar muito chateada em seu emprego. Ela faz a mesma coisa o dia todo). <br />He musthavetheflu. He hasallthetypicalsymptoms.<br />You’vebeentravellingallday. Youmustbetired. <br />(Você viajou o dia todo. Você deve estar cansado). <br />
  19. 19. HAVE TO:é usado para dizermos que realmente é necessário fazer alguma coisa. (ter que)<br />Exemplos: Youcan’tturnrighthere. Youhave toturnleft. <br />(Você não pode virar a direita aqui. Você tem de virar a esquerda). <br />Myeyesightisn’tverygood. I have towearglasses for reading. <br />(Minha visão não está muito boa. Eu tenho de usar óculos para ler). <br />
  20. 20. Must / have towe use mustandhave to toexplainthatsomething is necessary<br />I have to phone Jan at 9:00<br />I mustfinishmyhomeworkbefore 8:00<br />
  21. 21. SHOULD: é usado para dar conselhos ou opiniões.<br />Exemplos: <br />Youlooktired. Youshouldgo to bed.<br /> (Você parece cansado. Você deveria ir para a cama). <br />Youshouldn’tbelieveeverythingyouread in thenewspapers.<br /> (Você não deveria acreditar em tudo que você lê nos jornais).<br />
  22. 22. Mustn´t/ don´t have tohavedifferentmeanings<br />Mustn´t describes na actionwhich is prohibited<br />youmustn´t crosstheroadwhenthered light is showing<br />Don´t have to describesanactionwhich is notnecessary –youhave a choice<br />youdon´t have to do that<br />
  23. 23. Fill in the blanks with MUST or MUSTN’T<br />1. She is ill , so she____  see the doctor.<br />2. It is raining. You______  take your umbrella.<br />3. You _____ throw litter on the stairs. <br /> <br />4. This is a secret. You _______ tell anybody. <br />5. You ______ make noise in the library. <br /> <br /> <br />.<br /> <br />6. We  hurry or we will miss the bus. <br />7. You  _____eat fruit and vegetables. <br /> <br />8. The baby is sleeping. You _____ shout. <br />9. You ______ be friendly to everybody. <br /> <br />10. You______  walk on the grass.  <br />
  24. 24. CIRCLE THE CORRECT ONE must or mustn´t<br /> <br />1. You   --  light fires in the forests.<br /> <br />2. You    --- do your homework<br /> <br />3. You   ---  wash your face every morning. <br /> <br />4. You  ------  drink cold water.<br /> <br />5. You--------     watch TV a lot.<br /> <br />6. You  ------   eat in class.<br /> <br />7. You -----   be late for class.<br />8. You-------    listen to your teacher.<br /> <br />9. You   -------  give place to old people.<br /> <br />10. You  -------be polite.<br /> <br />11. You -------   fasten your seat belt.<br />13. You------    speak loudly in hospitals<br />
  25. 25. Use should / shouldn't / mustn't <br />1. We______  invite the Nortons to our party. They are nice people.<br />2. Young children_______ stay at home on their own.<br />3. Before you go to the dentist's, you_______  brush your teeth.<br />4. You________  smoke in bed!<br />5. You ___________ shut the windows because it is raining.<br />6. You_______  forget her birthday again.<br />7. You_______  go to the theatre when you are in Vienna. It's great.<br />8. They______ tell her about John's accident. She could break down.<br />9. You________  cross the street when the traffic lights are red.<br />
  26. 26. What are thesesentencesexpressing?<br />A. Sally couldpraywhenshewastwoyearsold<br />Request/ablility/suggestion/ obligation<br />B. Sue is sohappy. Shemusthavewon a lotteryprize.<br />Deduction/request/ offer/ obligation<br />C. Youmaysitdown, ifyouwish<br />Request/permission/obligation /Prohibition<br />
  27. 27. D. Youshouldlisten to what hesays<br />ability/suggestion/ permission/ obligation<br />E. Steve can´t havegone to church. He ´s anatheist<br />Deduction/ ability/ obligation/ prohibition<br />