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Kumsal Bayazit’s keynote presentation at the 2019 Charleston Conference

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Elsevier’s CEO discusses open access and “partnering with the librarian community to support the next chapter of research." View the full speech here: https://www.elsevier.com/connect/kumsal-bayazit-on-collaborating-to-support-the-research-community-the-next-chapter

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Kumsal Bayazit’s keynote presentation at the 2019 Charleston Conference

  1. 1. November 7, 2019 Kumsal Bayazit Collaborating to Support the Research Community: The Next Chapter
  2. 2. 2 Building stronger bridges
  3. 3. Today 1. Observing the dynamic world of research 2. Learning from diverse perspectives 3. Looking forward to the future 3
  4. 4. 1. Observing the Dynamic World of Research
  5. 5. Life expectancy: From 31 to 72 years since 1800 5Source: Riley (2005), Clio Infra (2015), UN Population Division (2019), https://ourworldindata.org/life-expectancy 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 1800 1831 1862 1890 1921 1951 1982 2012 LifeExpectancy(years)
  6. 6. Extreme poverty: From 85% to 9% since 1800 6Source: OWID based on World Bank (2019) and Bourguinon and Morrisson (2002), https://ourworldindata.org/extreme-poverty 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1820 1850 1870 1890 1910 1929 1950 1960 1970 1980 1981 1984 1987 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2008 2010 2011 2012 2013 2015 Billions Number living in poverty People not in poverty
  7. 7. Literacy rates: From 10% to 86% since 1800 7Source: Our World in Data based on OECD and UNESCO (2016), https://ourworldindata.org/literacy 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 1800 1820 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 GlobalLiteracyRate Literate world population Illiterate world population
  8. 8. HIV infections per year nearly halved since 1997 8Source: IMHE, Global Burden of Disease, https://ourworldindata.org/hiv-aids 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 Millions New infections of HIV/AIDS
  9. 9. Access to electricity: From 72% to 85% since 1991 9Source: The World Bank, World Development Indicators (WDI), and UN Population Prospects, https://ourworldindata.org/energy-access 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Billions People w/o access People w/ access
  10. 10. Children with at least one vaccination: From 22% to 88% since 1980 10Source: WHO (2017) and UN Population Division (2017), https://ourworldindata.org/vaccination 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Hepatitis B3 DPT Measles Polio
  11. 11. Women in the workforce: Overall vs. Research 11 Source: U.S. Census Bureau, 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000 decennial censuses and 2011 American Community Survey The Intersectionality of Sex, Race, and Hispanic Origin in the STEM Workforce1 Anthony Martínez and Asiah Gayfield Social, Economic, and Housing Statistics Division U.S. Census Bureau SEHSD Working Paper Number 2018-27 February 2019 36% 42% 45% 47% 48% 47% 7% 14% 23% 25% 26% 25% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 1970 1980 1990 2000 2011 2016 FemaleWorkforcePercentage Women in Workforce & STEM Occupations, 1970 - 2016 Total Workforce STEM
  12. 12. 12 Grand Challenges in Research Global warming Ocean pollution Food & water security Lifespan & quality Social inequality & growth
  13. 13. 2. Learning from Diverse Perspectives 13
  14. 14. Perspectives: Government and Funders • Protect and grow R&D spending • Address international and interdisciplinary Grand Challenges • Make funding choices • Demonstrate research impact on society 14
  15. 15. Perspectives: Research Leaders • Build best in class research organizations • Attract top researchers and collaborators • Fund facilities and high-impact research 15
  16. 16. Perspectives: Researchers • Discover and invent to solve problems • Win funding, attract talent and collaborators • Ensure reproducibility • Understand adjacent fields, connect the dots across disciplines 16
  17. 17. Perspectives: Librarians • Delivering universities’ missions • Continue as guardians of knowledge dissemination • Enable data management and reproducibility • Preserve and showcase intellectual outputs • Evolve assessment of research impact • Progress Open Access and Open Science • Manage costs 17
  18. 18. Fundamental issue: R&D spend, library budgets 18Source: 1. OECD, 2. Scopus, 3. ARL data, including reproduction of chart: http://www.libqual.org/documents/admin/EG_2.pdf Library expenditure CAGR based on absolute total library spending, based on ARL data 2007-2016. 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 Billions(USD) Global Gross Domestic Spending on R&D1 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 Millions Global Publication Output2 Library Expenditures as % of University Expenditures3 0.0% 0.5% 1.0% 1.5% 2.0% 2.5% 3.0% 3.5% CAGR: 3-4% CAGR: 4-5% CAGR: 1-2%
  19. 19. Perspectives: Librarians • Delivering universities’ missions • Continue as guardians of knowledge dissemination • Enable data management and reproducibility • Preserve and showcase intellectual outputs • Evolve assessment of research impact • Progress Open Access and Open Science • Manage costs 19
  20. 20. Elsevier fully supports Open Access 20
  21. 21. Obstacles to overcome: (1) Researchers’ views 21 *Source: CDL Pay it Forward report: https://www.library.ucdavis.edu/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/ICIS-UC-Pay-It-Forward-Final-Report.rev_.7.18.16.pdf “When asked about the importance of various journal criteria in deciding where to publish, authors placed journal quality above all else… Open Access ranked as least important ...it will be very difficult, impossible in some cases to convince authors to switch to new journals in a new publishing system purely for the sake of open access.” - California Digital Library Pay it Forward report, 2016* Importance of Factors When Selecting Where to Publish (highest to lowest)* 1. Quality and reputation of journal 2. Fit with scope of journal 3. Audience 4. Impact Factor 5. Likelihood of acceptance 6. Time from submission to publication 7. Editor or editorial board 8. Open Access
  22. 22. Obstacles to overcome: (2) Funding flows U15 is: • Strongly committed to Open Access • Strongly supportive of DEAL negotiating team • …But clear that funding redistribution challenges must be addressed 22 German U15 press release: https://www.german-u15.de/aktivitaeten/publikationen/statements/DEAL/index.html
  23. 23. Obstacles to overcome: (3) Predatory publishing • Fact: Gold OA publishers are paid if article is accepted, but not if it is rejected • Challenge for Gold OA publishing: − Maintaining standards of quality and integrity − Upholding trust in science 23
  24. 24. Approaches vary widely to overcome obstacles 24
  25. 25. Trust 25
  26. 26. Committed to social responsibility 26 • #2 of 1,200 in S&P rankings1 • #2 of 100 in Harvard Business Review rankings2 • #4 of 100 Responsibility100 Index3 Source: 1. CSRHUB https://www.csrhub.com/CSR_and_sustainability_information/RELX-PLC, 2. Responsibility100 Index https://members.tortoisemedia.com/2019/09/23/responsibility-100-day-one/content.html, 3. Harvard Business Review https://hbr.org/2019/11/the-ceo-100-2019-edition
  27. 27. 3. Looking forward to the future 27
  28. 28. Imagine… 28
  29. 29. Imagine… no friction in peer review • Evolve peer review traditions around anonymity and credit • Deploy ML to tackle plagiarism, fraudulent submissions and manipulated images • Use AI to improve author journal submission experiences 29
  30. 30. Imagine… no friction between disciplines • Support interdisciplinary research with Grand Challenge journals • Recommend relevant content and collaborators that connects the dots for researchers 30Source: https://www.cell.com/one-earth/home
  31. 31. Imagine… no friction in resource allocation • Identify hot areas of research where there are distinct capabilities to leverage 31Source: Scival Topics of Prominence (Hot Areas of Research Map):
  32. 32. Imagine… no friction in data management • Enable researchers to document methods, protocols, and manage data according to FAIR principles 32Source: Hivebench, Mendeley
  33. 33. Imagine… easily demonstrating impact • Establish new standards and indicators beyond publications and citations that measure societal impact 33Source: https://www.elsevier.com/icsr
  34. 34. Imagine… inclusive and diverse research and research communities • Drive culture change and deploy analytics to: − Measure progress − Balance participation: editorial boards, conferences, peer review − Include gender in the science 34
  35. 35. Imagine… the possibilities of partnerships • Co-invest and work together where, in the community’s judgment, it will help us all go further faster • Multi-lateral issues need multi-stakeholder solutions 35Source: https://www.ideals.illinois.edu/bitstream/handle/2142/105338/paper_108.pdf?sequence=1 Example: Research Data Management Librarian Academy
  36. 36. Conclusion, and thank you
  37. 37. Q&A

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