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Food Security: an information provider’s view

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Dr. Michiel Kolman, SVP of Global Academic Relations at Elsevier, gave this presentation as part of a panel at the 26 General Meeting of TWAS, the World Academy of Sciences, hosted by the Austrian Academy of Sciences. Read more on Elsevier Connect: http://elsevier.com/connect

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Food Security: an information provider’s view

  1. 1. | 1 Dr. Michiel Kolman, Senior Vice President, Global Academic Relations Food Security: an information provider’s view November 21, 2015
  2. 2. | 2 Outline Food Security: a view based on bibliometrics (publications & citations) • To set the stage: sustainability research report • Zoom in on ‘dignity’ and agriculture • Elsevier: how do we support the community - Food Security community (journals & conferences) - Global South: Elsevier Foundation & Research4Life • Punch Line: Food Security or Sustainability Research: - Growing Fast - High Quality
  3. 3. | 3
  4. 4. | 4 6 Themes of UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
  5. 5. | 5 Sustainability Science in a Global Landscape Key Findings:
  6. 6. | 6 Research Output by UN Sustainability Theme
  7. 7. | 7 Research Impact by UN Sustainability Theme FWCI: Field Weighted Citation Impact, a proxy for quality
  8. 8. | 8 Sustainability Science Subject Areas Food Science Environment Health
  9. 9. | 9 Interdisciplinary Sustainability Research – key phrases: Food Security closely linked with Water issues Food Security Health Environment Climate
  10. 10. | 10 Dignity: UN Sustainable Development Goals & Top Contributors (2009-2013)
  11. 11. | 11 Food Science: A Key Element of Dignity “Dignity includes goals to end poverty and fight inequality. In 2003, two-thirds of the population in Sub-Saharan Africa lived in rural areas, and 90% of these people depended on agriculture to make a living. Across Sub-Saharan Africa, one potential approach to alleviating poverty is therefore in agriculture: improvements in this area have the potential to improve food security and lift local smallholders out of poverty.” - An excerpt from Sustainability Science in a Global Landscape
  12. 12. | 12 Sustainability Report: Dignity Key Findings – Top 50 Most Frequent Words in Dignity-Themed Publications
  13. 13. | 13 In 2012, Elsevier launched the journal Global Food Security, and has established a conference by the same name. • Global Food Security (both the journal and conference) bridges the gap between various disciplines, such as agricultural sciences, social sciences, medicine and environmental sciences. • Combining the journal with a conference of the same name establishes a platform where scientists and policy makers, working in various disciplines, meet and work together to achieve global food security. • These initiatives have proven to be an invaluable source of information regarding Global Food Security for researchers, lecturers, teachers, students, professionals, policy makers and the international media. Food Security Developments at Elsevier
  14. 14. | 14 About the Journal Global Food Security The journal was launched in December 2012 with a Special Issue on the Somalia Famine and a second issue of invited review papers. Global Food Security editors focus on 4 themes, overseen by Editor-in-Chief Derek Byerlee: • Food supply and production (Achim Dobermann), • Economics, access, and policy (Kei Otsuka ) • Nutrition, health and food safety (Jess Fanzo) • Environment, natural resources, and climate change (Saul Cunningham) • Lifestock/Fish (Steve Staal) 101 Articles published (96 invited review articles, 5 editorials) with 194,158 ScienceDirect Downloads and 421 Citations (Scopus)in total. (updated Sep.2015) Included in SCIE (T.R. ISI web of Sciences), will have first Impact Factor in 2016 Summer
  15. 15. | 15 Africa 17% Asia 7% Australasia 9% Central America/Caribbean 2% Europe 47% Middle East 1% North America 16% South America 1% About the 2013 Global Food Security Conference • Dates: 29 September – 2 October 2013 • Venue: Noordwijkerhout, The Netherlands • Abstract submissions : 926 • Delegates: 584 from 60+ countries • Geographical Breakdown:
  16. 16. | 16 About the 2015 Global Food Security Conference 2nd Conference: 2015 • Dates: 11 October – 14 October 2015 • Venue: Cornell University, Ithaca, New York, USA • Abstract submissions : 1418 • Delegates: 600+ from 60+ countries(including a BBC Journalist) • Junior Researcher Task Force -22 competitively selected early career researchers and professionals from around the world will be responsible for distilling via social media the main messages coming out of the presentations and resulting discussions under each thematic area of the conference on a real time base. After the conference, their written summaries can be found on the Economics That Really Matters blog, and some via Elsevier’s social media accounts.
  17. 17. | 17 Elsevier’s other journals in the Food Security Journal Portfolio
  18. 18. | 18 Research4Life, AGORA and Elsevier Research4Life is a public private access partnership with the FAO, WHO, UNEP and WIPO. Elsevier is a founding and driving partner, providing 25% of the content overall with ScienceDirect and Scopus. AGORA is the food security arm of Research4Life, founded with FAO and Cornell in 2003. AGORA offers: 12,000 agricultural books and journals from over 200 publishers to 3,000 registered agricultural institutions.
  19. 19. | 19 How Research4Life Impacts an Agronomists Work Dr Sami Hyacinthe Kambire, a researcher from Burkina Faso, shares how AGORA has helped him to develop better and more informed scientific writing skills, produce focused research, compete more effectively for research funding, and deliver better teaching programs.
  20. 20. | 20 The Elsevier Foundation: Recent agricultural research capacity building grants… 20 20 2008-2018 Librarians without Borders $400,000 to support the development of a solid training infrastructure behind Research4Life, including AGORA. 2013-5 Author Capacity Building in Agricultural $87,000 Grant to Cornell University and the Information Training and Outreach Center in Africa to train (ITOCA) to offer critical authorship skills in Malawi, Ethiopia and Nigeria. 2014-2016: Digitization of Indigenous Knowledge (Forig Library) grant to the CSIR Forestry Research Institute of Ghana to establish a library system for recording, documenting and preserving indigenous knowledge on forest foods and medicinal plants.
  21. 21. | 21 Global Research Trends in Food Science
  22. 22. | 22 “Food Security” Global Publication & Impact Map, 2010 – 2014
  23. 23. | 23 Food Security Research Area: Key Findings Scholarly Output, 2010 – 2014 7,293 publications Field-Weighted Citation Impact, 2010 – 2014 1.37 Authors, 2010 – 2014 22,166 researchers Outputs in Top Percentiles, 2010 – 2014 15.2% of Publications in top 10% most cited worldwide
  24. 24. | 24 Food Security Scholarly Output Growth: Output nearly doubled over 5-year period CAGR: 16.17%
  25. 25. | 25 Food Security Research Impact: Growth over time with some year-to-year decline, but above world average World Average: 1.0
  26. 26. | 26 “Food Security” Top 10 Countries, 2010 – 2014: 3 United States producing most, but highest growth rates from Germany, China, and Canada, while Netherlands has highest Impact Country/Territory Publications Publication CAGR FWCI United States 2,009 14.6% 1.99 United Kingdom 962 11.8% 2.73 China 843 23.7% 1.29 Australia 619 11.8% 2.13 Canada 536 16.9% 1.82 India 528 9.2% 1.22 Germany 387 29.1% 2.39 South Africa 382 15.4% 1.09 Italy 349 13.8% 1.93 Netherlands 311 13.2% 3.35
  27. 27. | 27 “Food Security” Top 10 Institutions/Org.s, 2010 – 2014 2 High representation from US & China Affiliated Inst. /Org. Country Publications FWCI Wageningen U. and Res. Center Netherlands 162 3.26 U.S. Department of Agriculture United States 121 2.95 Food and Agri. Org. of the UN Italy (UN) 115 1.91 Chinese Academy of Sciences China 95 1.37 Int’ Food Policy Research Inst. United States 83 2.24 China Agricultural University China 81 2.27 Cornell University United States 77 2.81 CSIRO Australia 76 4.74 McGill University Canada 75 2.03 Chinese Acad. of Agr. Sciences China 69 2.02
  28. 28. | 28 “Food Security” Top 10 Producing Authors, 2010 – 2014: 3 China in the lead, many from North America Author Institution Country Publications FWCI h-Index Zhang, Fusuo China Agricultural University China 19 3.49 54 Tang, Huajun Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences China 16 1.31 15 Lal, Rattan The Ohio State University United States 15 3.69 67 Sharkey, Joseph R. Texas A and M University United States 15 1.55 23 Thornton, Philip K. International Livestock Research Institute Kenya 15 7.87 29 Ford, James David McGill University Canada 14 1.29 25 Hanjra, Munir A. Charles Sturt University Australia 14 2.14 52 Nord, Mark U.S. Department of Agriculture United States 14 0.49 14 Cassman, Kenneth G. University of Nebraska United States 13 7.41 51 Dean, Wesley R. Texas A and M University United States 13 1.59 13
  29. 29. | 29 Food Security Publications by Journal Subject Area: Agricultural and Biological Sciences, Environmental Science, and Social Sciences Represent over half of Food Security Publications
  30. 30. | 30 Benchmarking Food Security Research Output among BRICS nations: China leading the way, little from Russia CAGR: 24.97% CAGR: 12.17% CAGR: 23.17% CAGR: 29.95% CAGR: 25.74%
  31. 31. | 31 Benchmarking Food Security Research Impact among BRICS nations and Global Output 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 Field-WeightedCitationImpact World Brazil China India South Africa
  32. 32. | 32 Brazil’s Top Key Phrases unique from Food Security’s Top Key Phrases: Societal Aspects 4
  33. 33. | 33 China’s Top Key Phrases unique from Food Security’s Top Key Phrases: land & people 3 Note: “China” is excluded from this cloud because it is the 22nd most common key phrase in Food Security research
  34. 34. | 34 India’s Top Key Phrases unique from Food Security’s Top Key Phrases: emphasis on agriculture 3
  35. 35. | 35 China’s Food Security Publication Map, 2010 – 2014
  36. 36. | 36 China’s Top Food Security Research Producers 1 Institution Scholarly Output Views Count FWCI Chinese Academy of Sciences* 95 44877 1.37 China Agricultural University 81 54367 2.27 Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences 69 57161 2.02 Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research Chinese Academy of Sciences* 65 76989 1.86 Northwest Agriculture and Forestry University 40 39063 0.93 Yellow Sea Fisheries Research Institute 38 26016 1.54 Beijing Normal University 35 16153 1.23 Nanjing Agricultural University 33 28892 2.03 Zhejiang University 31 14357 1.35
  37. 37. | 37 China’s Top International Collaborators in Food Security 4 Institution Country Scholarly Output Views Count FWCI Wageningen University and Research Center Netherlands 18 18174 4.21 International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg Austria 13 7938 3.04 U.S. Department of Agriculture United States 12 12205 4.61 University of Tokyo Japan 12 5988 1.72 International Food Policy Research Institute United States 11 6079 1.99 University of California at Davis United States 9 4176 8.44 Purdue University United States 8 36785 1.28 CSIRO Australia 7 6182 8.11 World Agroforestry Centre Kenya 7 3859 5.01 AgriFood Canada Canada 6 3034 2.98
  38. 38. | 38 Summary Sustainability Science: • Growing fast (8%) • Good quality (30% above world average) • Very international and interdisciplinary Food Security: • Growing very fast (16%) • High quality (37% above world average) • Top 10 - Countries: US largest, Germany highest growth, Netherlands highest impact - Institutes: Wageningen U. largest, CSIRO highest impact - Authors: China & US most productive, Kenya highest impact - THANK YOU -

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