Writing an Introduction


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A lesson on writing an introduction

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Writing an Introduction

  1. 1.  “…attract the readers attention” “…tell the reader explicitly what the thesis (the point of the paper) is” “…establish the significance of your point to the reader”
  2. 2.  The first sentence of your introduction is known as the hook or the global statement. The purpose of this statement is to grab the attention of your reader. You start the introduction off broad and then narrow in with a specific topic in your last sentence (called your thesis).
  3. 3. Provide one of the following as an openingsentence to you paragraph. This will help getthe attention of your audience.Intriguing quoteInteresting FactAnecdote Broad statement that connects to your topic and willmove toward being more specific throughout theparagraphAsk a question
  4. 4. The quote should really stand out to your audience and connect to your topic. Usually pop culture quotes are great. A paper on heroes = “I think of a hero as someone who understands the degree of responsibility that comes with his freedom.” One day I will Bob Dylan be a hero!YOU TRY…
  5. 5. Research some information andfind a fact that would really standout to the reader. Facts prettymuch explain the importance ofyour paper if the one used is strongenough.An interesting fact for a paper onpreventing high school dropouts“Each year, approximately 1.3million students fail to graduatefrom high school” (Fact Sheet).YOU TRY…
  6. 6. A brief story about your topic that will get the attention of yourreader. Many times the story will be mentioned again in theconclusion to bring the essay full circle.Paper on high school start timesCock-a-doodle-doo. The annoying sound of Sarah’s alarm clockwakes her up for the fifth time this week. She sleepily turns off thealarm clock at 5:30 a.m. as she drags her feet out of bed. Sarahbegins her daily routine by first drinking a large cup of coffee.She is exhausted from sports, homework, family responsibilities,trying to maintain a somewhat of social life, and waking upevery morning three hours before the body of a teenager isready to start his/her day.YOU TRY
  7. 7. Broad SpecificThe broad statement needs to connect to yourtopic and move your introduction toward beingmore specific throughout the paragraphFor example if your paper was about MichaelPhelps your opening sentence might be aboutthe Olympic Games in general.The Olympic Games have been the mostcompetitive and world watched event since1859.YOU TRY…
  8. 8. Ask a question that will spark your readersinterest. The question must be one that willeventually be answered in your paper.For example if your paper was about a Greekgod or goddess such as Athena you might askthis question:Have you ever wondered how the Greek Goddess ofwisdom, war, the arts, industry, justice and skill cameinto existence?YOU TRY…
  9. 9.  After the hook/global statement you need to provide some background information on your topic. Tell your reader a little about your topic. For example if you were writing an essay persuading people that peanut butter and jelly sandwiches were better than ham and cheese sandwiches you might include information about what is found in a peanut butter and jelly sandwich. Read the example in the next slide.
  10. 10.  Hook -- Peanut butter and jelly sandwiches are eaten more than any other sandwich in the United States. Background information-- A peanut butter and jelly sandwich is made using two pieces of bread, peanut butter, and jelly. The peanut butter and jelly are sold in different varieties offering many combinations of the sandwich. Then you would continue with a thesis
  11. 11.  The introduction so far started off broad and then become more specific as you provided background information. The last step is creating a thesis. A thesis is… › The most specific part of the introduction › The last sentence in the introduction › A roadmap for the reader – letting the reader know exactly what your paper will be about and where it is headed.
  12. 12.  There are different styles of thesis statements. You will begin with a three-point thesis for this paper, but by the end of the year you will be expected to create a thesis that is not divided into three parts, but sets the essay up for analysis. A three point thesis lists three areas you will discuss in your paper.
  13. 13.  On topic with the peanut butter and jelly paragraph we started we will create a thesis. Peanut butter and jelly sandwiched are the eaten more in America than any other sandwich because they are easy to make, healthy, and provided a variety. See the three different points of the paper? › Easy to make › Healthy › Variety
  14. 14.  Now your paper will be divided into those three parts and must defend the claims you made in your thesis. The next power point will help you in writing your body paragraphs. Let’s practice what we have learned…
  15. 15. Adrian Van Leen, “Perth Western Australia” June 25, 2012 via Open Photo Creative Commons, Public Domain.“Fact Sheet.” Alliance for excellent education, September 2010. Web. 28 June 2012. <http://www.all4ed.org/files/GraduationRates_ FactSheet.pdf>.Gavin Baker, “A Monkey” June 25, 2012 via Open Photo Creative Commons, Attribution- ShareAlike.“Writing an Introduction.” HMC. Web. 28 June 2012. <http://www2.hmc.edu/~alves/intros.html>.