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The Thesis Statement
• The thesis states what the paper is about and gives the reader an idea of 
what information will follow. The thesis is a...
Example:
Example of a strong thesis statement: 
Year round education should not be used in today’s schools because it 
promotes stu...
Opinion Thesis statement: 
A thesis should contain a topic (what you are writing about), an opinion 
(what your attitude i...
Thesis Statements. 
A thesis is a general sentence with a specific subject and an opinion. 
Example: Australia is the best...
Brainstorming 
Brainstorming: is making a list of single words, sentences, ideas about a topic.
Writing Body Paragraphs. 
The middle section, or body, of your essay develops and supports your thesis. In the body of the...
Body Paragraph 
1. Opening Sentence(pertaining to Reason/Theme#1) 2. Explanation 
3. Evidence A 
4. Explanation of evidenc...
Below is a step-by-step process for drafting a body paragraph: 
1. Begin the body of the paragraph by introducing evidence...
The paragraph that results from the above process: 
The capital punishment should not be used in Texas because there is al...
The topic sentence. 
TOPIC SENTENCES. 
Just as the thesis statement tells the main argument of your essay, topic sentences...
Generally speaking, topic sentences are: 
4. Interesting 
5. Short 
6. Simple 
7. Clear 
8. Giveastrongidea 
9. Often use ...
Supporting sentences. 
What are supporting sentences? 
They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragra...
Types of supporting sentences. 
EXAMPLE: type of supporting sentences lists representative samples of the object stated in...
REASONS: type of supporting sentences gives persuasive justification for the opinion stated in the topic 
sentence. Why is...
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Expo ingles

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The thesis statement

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Expo ingles

  1. 1. The Thesis Statement
  2. 2. • The thesis states what the paper is about and gives the reader an idea of what information will follow. The thesis is an idea, opinion, or conclusion about your topic, is proven by your research, and is the last sentence of your introduction. A good thesis IS: a statement made in one well-developed sentence clear and to the point based on information you find in your reading and prove with your research specific and focuses on information that can be explored in a 2-3 page paper A good thesis is NOT: a question an “I” statement (I learned that…..) overly obvious (education problems have been in the news a lot lately.) overly general (Education a problems exists in our world.) emotional
  3. 3. Example:
  4. 4. Example of a strong thesis statement: Year round education should not be used in today’s schools because it promotes student and teacher (Issue) (Opinion/Your position) (1st reason for support) burnout, threatens our family life, costs more money to keep schools running all year, and is not proven to (2nd reason for support) (3rd reason for support) increase academics as is claimed by its supporters. (4th reason for support)
  5. 5. Opinion Thesis statement: A thesis should contain a topic (what you are writing about), an opinion (what your attitude is towards the topic), and the reasons why you hold that view (explanations answering “why?” or “so what?”). Locating the opinion in a Thesis: When you look for the opinion in a thesis, ask yourself what the writer’s attitude is towards the topic. Example: “sailing in the beach of mazatlan in the summer was an exciting Experience” Experience is the opinion
  6. 6. Thesis Statements. A thesis is a general sentence with a specific subject and an opinion. Example: Australia is the best country of all for a vacation. In this sentence, Australia is the subject. The rest of this sentence tells the writer’s opinion about it—that it’s the best country for a vacation.
  7. 7. Brainstorming Brainstorming: is making a list of single words, sentences, ideas about a topic.
  8. 8. Writing Body Paragraphs. The middle section, or body, of your essay develops and supports your thesis. In the body of the essay, The topic you have chosen must now be explained, described, or argued. Each main idea that you wrote down in your thesis statement will become one of the body paragraphs. A body paragraph should include the following: Unity: A paragraph has unity when every sentence relates directly to the main idea Coherence: A paragraph is coherent if its sentences are smoothly and logically connected to one another. Development: A body paragraph is well developed if it contains the examples, evidence, and explanations readers need to understand its main idea. Essay Structure Introduction (ends in thesis) Body Paragraph (topic sentence) (explanation) (support) (conclusion) Body Paragraph (topic sentence) (explanation) (support) (conclusion) Body Paragraph (topic sentence) (explanation) (support) (conclusion) Conclusion (ends with final thought)
  9. 9. Body Paragraph 1. Opening Sentence(pertaining to Reason/Theme#1) 2. Explanation 3. Evidence A 4. Explanation of evidence A 5. Possible evidence B 6. Explanation of possible evidence B 7. Mini-conclusion only about Reason/Theme#1 Body Paragraph 2 8. Transitional/Opening Sentence(pertaining to Reason/Theme#2) 9. Explanation 10.Evidence C 11.Explanation of evidence D 12.Possible evidence E 13.Explanation of possible evidence #F 14.Mini-conclusion only about Reason/Theme #2 Body Paragraph 3 15.Transitional/Opening Sentence (pertaining to Reason/Theme #3) 16. Explanation 17.Evidence G 18.Explanation of evidence H 19.Possible evidence I 20.Explanation of possible evidence I 21.Mini-conclusion only about Reason/Theme #3
  10. 10. Below is a step-by-step process for drafting a body paragraph: 1. Begin the body of the paragraph by introducing evidence (example, authority, statistics, analogy, hypothetical situation) with a transitional phrase (such as “For example”). If the evidence comes from an outside source, be sure to document it. Notice that in the following example, the source is cited in MLA parenthetical style: Example: For example, in April 1999 Gerald Wilkins, who had served 12 years on death row in an Illinois prison, was found not guilty of the crime he had been convicted of because of new DNA evidence (Wallace 12). 2. Since in an argument the reader needs to be persuaded to agree with the thesis, be sure to explain how the evidence supports the topic sentence. Example: If Mr. Wilkins’s sentence—death by lethal injection—had been carried out promptly, an innocent man would have died. Fortunately, he was still waiting for his execution date, and this made it possible to partially correct the error of his conviction. 3. To further develop the paragraph, make the transition to the next piece of evidence and continue to support it by following steps 2-3. Example: However, Gerald Wilkins’s situation is not an isolated case.
  11. 11. The paragraph that results from the above process: The capital punishment should not be used in Texas because there is always the possibility of executing an innocent person. For example, in April 1999, Gerald Wilkins, who served twelve years on death row in an Illinois prison, was found not guilty of the crime of which he was convicted because of new DNA evidence (Wallace 12). If Mr. Wilkins’s sentence—death by lethal injection—had been carried out promptly, an innocent man would have died. Fortunately, he was still waiting for his execution date, and this made it possible to partially correct the error of his conviction. Gerald Wilkins’ situation, however, is not an isolated case.
  12. 12. The topic sentence. TOPIC SENTENCES. Just as the thesis statement tells the main argument of your essay, topic sentences state the main idea of individual body paragraphs and directly relate to your thesis. Topic sentences provide support for your argument and direction for your reader. What is the topic sentence? The topic sentence is the first sentence in a paragraph. What does it do? It introduces the main idea of the paragraph. How do I write one? Summarize the main idea of your paragraph. Indicate to the reader what your paragraph will be about. Example: There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live. An effective topic sentence must meet three criteria: 1. It introduces the topic of the paragraph. 2. It relates the paragraph directly back to the thesis statement. 3. It is powerfully worded.
  13. 13. Generally speaking, topic sentences are: 4. Interesting 5. Short 6. Simple 7. Clear 8. Giveastrongidea 9. Often use phrases such as: One of the main reasons for ..... One of the major factors in ............ is................ Generally speaking, ......... One of the strongest arguments against/ in favour of.........is .... One of the main advantages / disadvantages of .............is ......
  14. 14. Supporting sentences. What are supporting sentences? They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragraph. What do they do? They give details to develop and support the main idea of the paragraph. How do I write them? You should give supporting facts, details, and examples. Example: There are three reasons why Canada is one of the best countries in the world. First, Canada has an excellent health care system. All Canadians have access to medical services at a reasonable price. Second, Canada has a high standard of education. Students are taught by well-trained teachers and are encouraged to continue studying at university. Finally, Canada's cities are clean and efficiently managed. Canadian cities have many parks and lots of space for people to live. As a result, Canada is a desirable place to live.
  15. 15. Types of supporting sentences. EXAMPLE: type of supporting sentences lists representative samples of the object stated in the topic sentence. You can take vivid, colorful pictures of what? Of orange and black striped tigers, green plants, aqua and blue peacocks, coral flamingoes, grey elephants, red-orange orangutans and brown vines. This type of supporting sentence is used in paragraphs of personal narratives and in publicity brochures. If you are looking for a great place to take vivid, colorful pictures, the zoo is a terrific place to visit. The bold orange and black stripes of the tiger contrast with the bright green plants filling the outdoor setting. Peacocks roam the grounds displaying their plumes of aqua and blue. Coral flamingoes contrast with grey elephants, and red-orange orangutans swing from dark brown vines. Your colorful pictures will leap off the page. STEPS: type of supporting sentences gives directions in order of how or when they are to be performed. Guide words like FIRST, SECOND, NEXT, AFTER THAT, and FINALLY are helpful to use with this type of supporting sentence. This type of supporting sentence is used in paragraphs found in direction manuals of all kinds. My Aunt Marie’s recipe for Disappearing Cookies is easy for anyone to follow. First, gather all the ingredients onto the counter and turn the oven on. Second, mix the ingredients in a large bowl. Next spoon the batter onto cookie sheets in small mounds. After that, bake the cookies in the oven. Finally, after the cookies have cooled, call in the family and watch them disappear. Following the recipe is easy, and eating them is even easier.
  16. 16. REASONS: type of supporting sentences gives persuasive justification for the opinion stated in the topic sentence. Why is preparation for a job interview important? Because a job interview is a contest, one of the contestants has an advantage, and the applicant must win the contest. This type of supporting sentence is used in paragraphs for marketing a product or service. Preparing for a job interview is important. A job interview is like a contest between the applicant and the interviewer, and preparation is like warming up before the contest. The interviewer has the advantage because he or she knows all the questions, and the applicant must be prepared with all the answers. The applicant must also appear to be the best candidate for the job, ahead of all the other applicants. The winner of this contest has prepared for the interview, and will get the job. FACTS: type of supporting sentences, as well as the topic sentence, give verifiable, true statements of details. This type of supporting sentence is used in paragraphs for writing reports, brochures and other non-fiction literature. President John Adams and his wife, First Lady Abigail Adams were the first couple to inhabit the White House. Although begun in 1792 during the Presidency of George Washington, construction wasn’t completed until 1800, three years after Washington’s death. The White House has served as the private home of each President and First Lady since the Adams administration

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