Salesforce selenium-saucelabs-webinar-april-2014

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Engineers David Louvton and Sagar Wanaselja will show you Salesforce's best practices and how they automate their Selenium tests at scale to ensure success. Topics covered will also include how to architect your test harness for success, Selenium design patterns and how to overcome test failures.

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Salesforce selenium-saucelabs-webinar-april-2014

  1. 1. Selenium at Salesforce Scale David Louvton Lead Engineer dlouvton@salesforce.com Sagar Wanaselja Lead Engineer
  2. 2. • About Salesforce engineering • Operating a selenium farm • Selenium design patterns • Overcoming test failures • Q&A Agenda
  3. 3. Salesforce Scale • 3:2 ratio for developers : quality engineers • everyone is a software engineer; role varies • selenium committers on staff (Jim Evans, Luke Inman) • Data centers with thousands of VMs for automation • multimillion dollar investment • using vmware (VShere), OpenStack and EC2 • 500 commits per day • ~120 software engineering teams
  4. 4. Why Salesforce loves WebDriver WebDriver is the only test framework in our current arsenal that truly mimics an end-user’s experience • We don’t mock anything • We test against a live app • We suffer the pain of latency • We test end to end on almost every action WebDriver tests can catch things other levels of tests can’t • Multi-platform consistency • DOM consistency • Rendering issues • Catching inconsistency between app layers source: watirmelon.com © Alister Scott
  5. 5. UI Testing Portfolio • 50,000 unique Selenium tests • 7,500 unique WebDriver tests • full “browser compatibility”: IE6-IE11, Firefox, Chrome, Safari • some can run in headless browser like Phantom JS • 2,000 javascript unit tests • no DOM required • 10ms average execution time source: watirmelon.com © Alister Scott
  6. 6. 1,000,000 browser tests per day • Click here to add bullets
  7. 7. The Selenium Infrastructure ● Automatically creating, assigning, closing and reopening bug reports for test failures and flapping tests . ● Test jobs must meet failure thresholds (99%+). Code lines are locked for teams under thresholds ● Support for all combinations of OS & Browser using portable VM Templates, creating deterministic and identical test environments
  8. 8. Issues of scale • Assigning test failures to the responsible engineer • Non deterministic tests (flappers) and re-runs • Selenium jar upgrades are challenging • Browser upgrades are challenging • IT and automation ops provide different versions • Large suites: adjust run frequency, deprecate old tests
  9. 9. Salesforce UI Testing Pattern • Click here to add bullets
  10. 10. Proper Page Objects Encapsulate Selenium • Make an API of your page for your test • No imports for “openqa” or “selenium.org” in your test • All references to driver & selenium in the page object • Fail fast - call the page object factory in test setup • No assertions in page objects (or any test utility) • Share page objects across engineering teams • developer complete UI should have a page object • if you can’t make one it’s not a testable page • dependency challenges at scale
  11. 11. Challenges for Mobile Platforms • Adapting page objects to platform specific UI elements • Screen sizes and adaptive layouts • “stage left” - switching into contained apps • lightweight page objects = widgets • Avoid browser or platform specific code in actual tests • establish context elsewhere in utils or page objects • Automated tests in emulators (99%+) • manual tests on devices before release • exception: testing video
  12. 12. Sagar Wanaselja Lead Engineer swanaselja@salesforce.com
  13. 13. Problematic WebDriver Test
  14. 14. Better WebDriver Test
  15. 15. PageObject WebDriver Test
  16. 16. Diagnosing Test Failures • Screenshot and HTML capture at failure point • AssertionError or RuntimeException • Differences between localhost and automation VM • Optimistic timing assumptions • javascript, rendering, server response, etc. • Defensive “negative” testing • Getting to 100% tests passing
  17. 17. Pro Tips • Version tests and app code (and configuration) together • Use the Page Object model • Use the API to set up the test, not the UI • Anticipate Selenium and Browser releases • Allocate capacity to browsers most used by customers • log the user agent on every page view
  18. 18. More Pro Tips • Avoid using xpath selectors • Complex DOM makes xpath evaluation much slower • Some xpaths are not properly evaluated in WebDriver • When working with popups make sure you return focus to the main window • For static/simple HTML pages consider the HtmlUnitDriver
  19. 19. Mature Quality Strategies • Selenium for dynamic security vulnerability analysis • Pixel perfect image diffs • Accessibility testing (tab completion) • Testing javascript with unit tests • Selenium is for testing browser compatibility and DOM

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