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A Short History of Zines


        (Barnard College Zine Library)
Zines Are...
mostly photocopied
different from magazines -
no barcode or ISSN
arise from the concept of
self publishing
topics usually too far out of
the mainstream for
traditional media               Sticky Institute, Melbourne
Names And All That
                                      zine is not short for
                                      magazine
                                      comes from fanzine, which
                                      is a combination of “fan
                                      mags” and “letterzines”
                                      the opposite of a fanzine
                                      was a “prozine”
Librarian at Papercut Zine Library,
    Cambridge, Massachusetts
In the Olden Days

1930s - the duplicating
Mimeograph makes
reproduction possible
The Comet, the first scifi
fanzine is also published
I Love My Photocopier

1942 Xerography is
patented by Chester Carlson
in 1942
Electrostatic printing with
photography
Used in photocopiers today
The Underground
             1960s Beat poets make
             chapbooks, hippies make
             radical underground
             newspapers
             1970s Rise of punk zines
             e.g. Maximum RocknRoll,
             Punk, Sniffing Glue
Getting the Word Out

1982 Factsheet Five is
published - thousands of
zine reviews and contacts
spreads zine culture pre
internet
Riot Grrrl	
1990s From the zine Bikini
Kill comes the band of the
same name, 1st Riot Grrrl
band
Riot Grrrl = Pro queer, anti
sexism, against sexual
abuse, pro choice
                               From Bikini Kill zine #1
Riot Grrrl
             Combining DIY ethos of
             punk scene to create own
             music, art & zines
             more females become
             involved in traditionally
             male zine scene, also rise
             of “perzine”
The Internet Arrives
1994 Internet begins to
become more widespread
Usenet and alt.zines
E-zines
Internet causes both boom
(exposure) and decline
(webpages & blogging)
And Now...
                               Zine revival?
                               Art zines often referred to
                               as “zines” today (e.g. small
                               press such as Nieves)
                               Advantages to paper over
                               screens? Like books, zines
                               are tactile
Nieves 100+ Zines Exhibition
MCA Zine Fair, Sydney

Zines have the tang of truth about them. They're unabashedly

      passionate and sell nothing but ideas
                                              Chris Dodge, Utne magazine

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Zine History

  • 1. A Short History of Zines (Barnard College Zine Library)
  • 2. Zines Are... mostly photocopied different from magazines - no barcode or ISSN arise from the concept of self publishing topics usually too far out of the mainstream for traditional media Sticky Institute, Melbourne
  • 3. Names And All That zine is not short for magazine comes from fanzine, which is a combination of “fan mags” and “letterzines” the opposite of a fanzine was a “prozine” Librarian at Papercut Zine Library, Cambridge, Massachusetts
  • 4. In the Olden Days 1930s - the duplicating Mimeograph makes reproduction possible The Comet, the first scifi fanzine is also published
  • 5. I Love My Photocopier 1942 Xerography is patented by Chester Carlson in 1942 Electrostatic printing with photography Used in photocopiers today
  • 6. The Underground 1960s Beat poets make chapbooks, hippies make radical underground newspapers 1970s Rise of punk zines e.g. Maximum RocknRoll, Punk, Sniffing Glue
  • 7. Getting the Word Out 1982 Factsheet Five is published - thousands of zine reviews and contacts spreads zine culture pre internet
  • 8. Riot Grrrl 1990s From the zine Bikini Kill comes the band of the same name, 1st Riot Grrrl band Riot Grrrl = Pro queer, anti sexism, against sexual abuse, pro choice From Bikini Kill zine #1
  • 9. Riot Grrrl Combining DIY ethos of punk scene to create own music, art & zines more females become involved in traditionally male zine scene, also rise of “perzine”
  • 10. The Internet Arrives 1994 Internet begins to become more widespread Usenet and alt.zines E-zines Internet causes both boom (exposure) and decline (webpages & blogging)
  • 11. And Now... Zine revival? Art zines often referred to as “zines” today (e.g. small press such as Nieves) Advantages to paper over screens? Like books, zines are tactile Nieves 100+ Zines Exhibition
  • 12. MCA Zine Fair, Sydney Zines have the tang of truth about them. They're unabashedly passionate and sell nothing but ideas Chris Dodge, Utne magazine