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Dried Apricots : Packing, Transporting And Risk Factors


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WE SUPPLY THE FINEST TURKISH DRIED APRICOTS ( That produced, packed and delivered in hygienic conditions)

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Dried Apricots : Packing, Transporting And Risk Factors

  1. 1. Apricots, dried General: Product information Packaging Transport Container transport Cargo securing Risk factors and loss prevention: Temperature Odor Humidity/Moisture Contamination Ventilation Mechanical influences Biotic activity Toxicity / Hazards to health Gases Shrinkage/Shortage Self-heating / Spontaneous combustion Insect infestation / Diseases
  2. 2. Product information Product name German Aprikosen, getrocknet English Apricots, dried French Abricots séchés Spanish Albaricoques secados Scientific Prunus armeniaca CN/HS number * 0813 10 00 (* EU Combined Nomenclature/Harmonized System)
  3. 3. Product description The apricot (rose family, Rosaceae) comes originally from China and the region between the Caspian and the Black Seas and is the stone fruit of the apricot tree. It is 4 - 8 cm in size. The flesh of fully ripened apricots is yellow to deep orange in color, juicy and extremely delicious. Fruits with a high water content have a low sugar content and little flavor. Dried apricots are a type of dried fruit. Apricots (whole, stoned, or as halves) are dried to a water content of 22%, either naturally (air or sun drying) or in drying plants. Apricot quot;slabsquot;, which are made from overripe fruit which has fallen from the tree, are a particularly sweet and distinctive product. In order to extend storage life and prevent fermentative browning, which rapidly results in darkening of the fruit, the apricots are treated with sulfur vapor (sulfur dioxide, SO2). Apricots are the most sensitive of all dried fruits.
  4. 4. Quality / Duration of storage Californian apricots are graded as follows [2]: slabs: fallen fruit standard: smallest fruits choice: selected fruits extra choice: particularly selected fruits fancy: large fruits extra fancy: particularly large fruits jumbo: extra large fruits The maximum duration of storage for dried apricots is as follows: Temperature Rel. humidity Max. duration of storage Source 0 - 7°C 60 - 70% up to one year [1] below 8°C 75% several years [5]
  5. 5. Intended use Dried apricots are used in the confectionery and bakery industries, but are generally enjoyed raw. They are also an ingredient of trail mix. Figures (Click on the individual Figures to enlarge them.) Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3
  6. 6. Countries of origin This Table shows only a selection of the most important countries of origin and should not be thought of as exhaustive. Europe Turkey, Spain Africa South Africa Asia Iran, Pakistan America Argentina, Chile, USA Australia Australia
  7. 7. Packaging Dried apricots are packaged in, among other things, 12.5 kg cartons, 12 or 14 kg boxes and 70 kg bags. When packaged in corrugated or millboard cartons, the product should be transported on pallets. The packaging size should be so selected that the dimensions of the individual area modules or area module multiples are conformed to the conventional pallet sizes (800x1200 mm and 1000x1200 mm) and cargo units may thus be produced.
  8. 8. Transport Symbols General cargo Temperature-controlled Means of transport Ship, railroad, truck Container transport Standard containers / refrigerated containers are used, subject to compliance with lower limits for water content of goods, packaging and container flooring.
  9. 9. Cargo handling Since the packages are sensitive to impact, appropriate care must be taken during cargo handling. In damp weather (rain, snow), the cargo must be protected from moisture, since this may lead to mold, rot, fermentation and tackiness. Stowage factor 3.10 m³/t (flat linen fabric bag) [1] 1.56 m³/t (13 kg paperboard cartons) [1] Stowage space requirements Cool, dry, good ventilation if required
  10. 10. Segregation Oil crayon, marker pen, mats, jute coverings, fiber rope, thin fiber nets Cargo securing In order to ensure safe transport, the cargo must be stowed and secured in the means of transport in such a manner that it cannot slip or shift during transport. If loss of volume and degradation of quality are to be avoided, the packages must not be damaged by other articles or items of cargo.
  11. 11. Risk factors and loss prevention RF Temperature Dried apricots require particular temperature, humidity/moisture and possibly ventilation conditions (SC VI) (storage climate conditions). Precise details should be obtained from the consignor as to the storage temperature to be maintained. Designation Temperature range Source 5 - 20°C [1] Favorable travel temperature 0 - 7°C [4] 8°C [5] At temperatures < -2°C, there is a risk of spoilage, while possible mite growth
  12. 12. is inhibited at temperatures < 10°C. At temperatures > 20°C, fruit sugar forms on the fruits, so hardening and discoloring them. Such crystallized fruits may, however, be reconditioned in steam. Chemical reactions proceed rapidly at temperatures between 25 and 30°C. When exposed to heat, dried apricots turn a blue-black color. RF Humidity/Moisture Dried apricots require particular temperature, humidity/moisture and possibly ventilation conditions (SC VI) (storage climate conditions). Precise details should be obtained from the consignor as to the relative humidity to be maintained.
  13. 13. Humidity/water Designation Source content 60 - 70% [1] Relative humidity 60 - 70% [4] 75% [5] 22 - 23% [1] Water content 22% (untreated) [5] 25% (sulfured) [5] Maximum equilibrium 65% [1] moisture content Dried apricots should be protected from all forms of moisture (seawater, rain, condensation water). A relative humidity > 70% results in tackiness, mold growth and yeast growth.
  14. 14. At relative humidities < 60%, the apricots become tough and hard, so making them largely unsuitable for eating raw. Direct contact with water in particular results in swelling and mold growth. The product should be protected from sweat with dunnage . The steep gradient of the sorption isotherm for dried apricots indicates the strong hygroscopicity of these dried fruits. At a water content of 22%, dried apricots are at equilibrium with 65% relative humidity. Figure 4 Avoid exposure to moisture as the product is strongly hygroscopic and moistening may result in swelling and mold growth. Contact with water may also initiate a fermentation process in the fruit. Once initiated, such a fermentation process is irreversible and, despite starting from a single point, finally spreads throughout the entire cargo.
  15. 15. RF Ventilation Dried apricots require particular temperature, humidity/moisture and possibly ventilation conditions (SC VI) (storage climate conditions). If the product is at quot;shipping drynessquot;, i.e. if there is no risk of degradation by mold etc. due to water content, ventilation is not required. If this is not the case, the following ventilation measures should be implemented: Recommended ventilation conditions: air exchange rate: 6 changes/hour (airing) Lack of ventilation in conjunction with heat and incorrect stowage result in the formation of fruit sugar, hardening and discoloration and increase the fruit's susceptibility to pests.
  16. 16. RF Biotic activity Dried apricots display 3rd order biotic activity . They belong to the class of goods in which respiration processes are suspended, but in which biochemical, microbial and other decomposition processes still proceed. RF Gases No risk. RF Self-heating / Spontaneous combustion Chemical reactions proceed rapidly at temperatures > 25°C. Considerable syrup formation and self-heating may be the result.
  17. 17. RF Odor Active Dried apricots have a slight, behavior pleasant odor. Passive Dried apricots are highly odor- behavior sensitive and should not be stowed in the vicinity of onions and other alliaceous vegetables as their essential oils cause odor-tainting. RF Contamination Active Excessive temperatures and behavior excessively high stacking (pressure) may result in the formation of syrup, which may contaminate other goods. Passive Dried apricots are extremely behavior sensitive to contamination.
  18. 18. RF Mechanical influences The packages must be secured appropriately in the hold or container so that they cannot move during transport. In the case of container transport, it is also important for the goods to be secured in the door area so that they cannot fall out of the container when the doors are opened. Pressure, combined with exposure to heat, brings about candying, agglomeration, syrup formation and fermentation. RF Toxicity / Hazards to health Mite infestation may cause gastrointestinal conditions if the product is eaten. Inhalation of mite dust may cause asthma attacks and frequent contact with mites may result in skin conditions. Treatment with sulfur dioxide (SO2) must be indicated.
  19. 19. RF Shrinkage/Shortage Weight losses may occur due to drying of the product and the release of water vapor. RF Insect infestation / Diseases Exposure to heat and moisture may result in mite infestation, which may make the apricots inedible and cause severe gastrointestinal conditions. Mite infestation may be determined by examination with a magnifying glass: mites may be distinguished from crystallized glucose because they are whitish, slow moving dots. Development from the egg to imago (sexually mature insect) takes approx. 10 days. Heat and moisture make dried apricots susceptible to pests. They may be infested by cockroaches, moths (dried fruit moth, meal moth and tobacco moth), beetles (sap beetles, sawtoothed grain beetles and flour beetles), rats, mice and ants. Source : The Transport Information Service (TIS) from the German Insurance Association (GDV e.V.)
  21. 21. SIX GOOD REASONS FOR CHOOSING SAMRIOGLU: • Wide range of products; Dried Apricots, Dried Figs, Raisins and Hazelnutkernels ( Conventional and Organics ) • Competitive prices • Guaranteed product guality • Flexibility with customer needs • Professional Customer Relations • Financially Strong and Technically advanced Manufacturer business partners we cooperate.
  22. 22. Our Commitments & Values Our Commitments to our esteemed Customers : We believe that our customers come first, and that you are entitled to expect excellent customer service from us. We strive to give you this through personal accountability and professional commitment, working with you to ensure that our products and services meet your needs. Our Corporate Values are: • Guaranteed Product Qaulity • Multi-Level Reliabilitiy • Flexibility with Customers needs • Competitive prices • Timely delivery • Accurate service before and after sale
  23. 23. Please contact us now! Attn: Mr. Aytac SAMRIOGLU (Int’l Sales) Tel: +90 212 863 01 74 Fax: +90 212 8631719 Mail: