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Invisible Homeless Families Of East Colfax

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Invisible Homeless Families Of East Colfax

  1. 1. <ul><li>Devorah </li></ul><ul><li>Hilary </li></ul><ul><li>Robin </li></ul><ul><li>Rose </li></ul><ul><li>Sara </li></ul>
  2. 2. Homeless on Colfax Ave: The Invisible Community
  3. 6. Systems theory
  4. 7. What social systems are present/absent? <ul><li>Employment </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Safety and security </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Housing </li></ul><ul><li>Social welfare </li></ul>
  5. 8. Employment Health <ul><li>65,000 jobs by 2020 </li></ul><ul><li>68% low wage </li></ul><ul><li>69% Colorado’s minimum wage earners are adults, 60% are women </li></ul><ul><li>Most homeless in motels work </li></ul><ul><li>Obesity and malnourishment </li></ul><ul><li>Developmental disabilities, low IQ </li></ul><ul><li>Mental health concerns </li></ul>
  6. 9. Safety & Security Education <ul><li>Reoccurring prostitution and drug use </li></ul><ul><li>Night police unreliable </li></ul><ul><li>50% homeless women and children are fleeing DV </li></ul><ul><li>30% children not enrolled </li></ul><ul><li>43% of homeless are children </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers report homeless children struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation to school is a concern </li></ul>
  7. 10. Housing <ul><li>Eviction orders up 55% </li></ul><ul><li>Only 72% of housing demand is met </li></ul><ul><li>Motels provide “defacto” transitional housing at high cost </li></ul><ul><li>Full month rent at motel $540-720 </li></ul><ul><li>350 Aurora families w/children need improved housing </li></ul>
  8. 12. Urban Renewal Welfare <ul><li>All motels are ‘blighted,’ </li></ul><ul><li>Fitzsimons will displace many </li></ul><ul><li>Denver renewal Ogden to Colorado Blvd. </li></ul><ul><li>Voucher’s time limited </li></ul><ul><li>Aurora: 7.1% of Metro shelter capacity </li></ul><ul><li>TANF $300-$400 </li></ul><ul><li>SSI/SSDI: $545 </li></ul>
  9. 14. “ Redevelopment should serve the neighborhood and serve Fitzsimons, which is a huge economic engine. There will be business needs, employee needs, food and housing needs, and still neighborhood needs, because there's been no investment in the neighborhood for so long.&quot;
  10. 15. What are the subsystems present? <ul><li>Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Churches </li></ul><ul><li>Service providers </li></ul><ul><li>Health care </li></ul>
  11. 16. <ul><li>Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Cater to transient community </li></ul><ul><li>Redevelopment is adversarial </li></ul><ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>Adams/Arapahoe County Public, minimal benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Local police improved </li></ul>
  12. 19. Churches Health Care <ul><li>Minimal church presence </li></ul><ul><li>Local churches provide meals, CCN </li></ul><ul><li>Churches give donations </li></ul><ul><li>Aurora mental health </li></ul><ul><li>Stout Street Clinic </li></ul><ul><li>MCPN </li></ul>
  13. 20. Service Providers <ul><li>Colfax Community Network: </li></ul><ul><li>-after school programs </li></ul><ul><li>-groups for moms, teenagers </li></ul><ul><li>-hygiene and food pantry </li></ul><ul><li>-deposit assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat for Humanity </li></ul><ul><li>Minimal transitional housing beds: </li></ul><ul><li>-Comitis Crisis Center </li></ul><ul><li>-Gateway </li></ul><ul><li>-Sabin Group </li></ul>
  14. 21. How is the homeless community functioning? <ul><li>Invisible community </li></ul><ul><li>transient, vulnerable families </li></ul><ul><li>cycle of transition </li></ul><ul><li>-migrating </li></ul><ul><li>-permanent housing unstable </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual supports </li></ul><ul><li>-motel identities </li></ul><ul><li>-childcare </li></ul>
  15. 22. Vertical & Horizontal relationships <ul><li>Vertical </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Needs met through hierarchical authority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serve providers unequal relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Horizontal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Community within motel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relationship based on survival </li></ul></ul>
  16. 23. Ecological Theory “ Original aurora shows the population increased by 45% while housing stock increased by 3% which resulted in overcrowding of housing units”
  17. 24. Geographic boundaries <ul><li>70-225 to the East </li></ul><ul><li>Syracuse to West </li></ul><ul><li>1 block to the North and South of Colfax </li></ul>
  18. 25. History <ul><li>City of Aurora founded in 1891 </li></ul><ul><li>1921- military base built </li></ul><ul><li>1960- 50,000 residents </li></ul><ul><li>1970- Population boom, increased to 158,000 by 1980 </li></ul><ul><li>1990’s- economic prosperity </li></ul><ul><li>2000- Aurora’s population increased to close to 300,000 residents </li></ul>
  19. 26. Demographics <ul><li>1,919 homeless persons in Aurora per year </li></ul><ul><li>E. Colfax Poverty rate nearly double the average for Aurora </li></ul><ul><li>43% of the homeless are children </li></ul><ul><li>35% of homeless families are headed by single women </li></ul><ul><li>60% have moved at least twice in the last twelve months </li></ul><ul><li>25% have moved between at least two motels in the last 12 months </li></ul><ul><li>35% moved to CO from another state in the last 6 months </li></ul><ul><li>60% have lived in Aurora for less than one month. 30% stay for 6 months or longer, 10% are long term/permanent residents </li></ul><ul><li>20-30 (7%) families a year move into permanent housing </li></ul><ul><li>There are 5,700 households live at $10, 700 annual income </li></ul>
  20. 27. Developmental stage <ul><li>One hotel vacant boarded up for five years </li></ul><ul><li>progressively all the motels blighted </li></ul><ul><li>City Council discussing relocation options </li></ul>
  21. 29. Culture / People / Relationships <ul><li>Ethnicity of homeless </li></ul><ul><li>48% White </li></ul><ul><li>24% Hispanic </li></ul><ul><li>24% Black </li></ul><ul><li>2% Native American </li></ul><ul><li>and mixed </li></ul><ul><li>motel community is a closed society </li></ul><ul><li>the longer the stay, the more entrenched </li></ul><ul><li>There is some cohesiveness, majority of relationships fighting/gossip. </li></ul>
  22. 30. Result of analysis: <ul><li>Transient homeless families in motels </li></ul><ul><li>A complexity of issues contributing </li></ul><ul><li>Limited transitional housing </li></ul><ul><li>People caught in expensive motel “solution” </li></ul><ul><li>Proposals for urban renewal and growth will exacerbate problem </li></ul>
  23. 31. Social Planning “ Let’s get the facts and think through the logical next step” (Rothman, 2005, p. 38)
  24. 32. Force Field Analysis & Change <ul><li>Who wants change? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Motel residents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Churches and Service Providers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>City of Denver/Aurora </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Police </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses in the area </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Workers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who doesn’t want change? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Owners of the motels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Managers/employees </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longtime residents of motels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax payers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Day labor/temp agencies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 goals for macro change : </li></ul><ul><li>Build more housing units for families and single adults </li></ul><ul><li>Hold seminars teaching people about saving money, finding employment, health, substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Organize a drive to get mattresses/carpeting/furniture for rooms </li></ul>
  25. 33. Locality Development Needs : Secure shelter, transitional housing, safety from crime, steady income, reliable transportation to job Assets : Social support in motels, no strict regulations, proximity to labor, transportation and food
  26. 34. ACTIONS <ul><li>Community Building </li></ul><ul><li>Hold outreach events in order to survey resident’s perceptions of problems </li></ul><ul><li>Teach-Ins where homeless learn to advocate for each other and themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Identify natural leaders and build natural relationships with them </li></ul><ul><li>Self-help/Mutual Aid </li></ul><ul><li>Immediate motel beautification working with owners & employees </li></ul><ul><li>Giving Circle in permanent housing; groups of adults are responsible for one another’s monthly payments </li></ul><ul><li>Community garden </li></ul>
  27. 35. Social Action “ Change never ever, ever comes from the top down” (B. Mikulski 1982)
  28. 36. PLAN FOR DIRECT ACTION: <ul><li>Vision: Safe and stable housing for all </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: Transitional housing integrated into redevelopment </li></ul><ul><li>Target: Fitzsimons campus and City should be accountable </li></ul><ul><li>Primary Constituency: homeless individuals living in hotels </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Leaders: Homeless hotel managers </li></ul><ul><li>Action: Tent city in parking lot of abandoned motel, media coverage, demand the space be converted to affordable transitional housing </li></ul><ul><li>Outcome: Tenants pay 30% income and stay up to 2 years </li></ul>
  29. 37. Transformative/ Empowerment “ For the most marginalized people in U.S. society, the very poor and least educated, the transformative approaches appear especially well suited” (Hanna, M. & Robinson, B., 1994)
  30. 38. GOAL : Create unified social will around the need for affordable housing in Aurora <ul><li>Create small study circles; a great way to promote liberation and empower members inherent capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>Empower the people so that ultimately we can make the external changes in the housing situation that we wish to make. </li></ul><ul><li>Find out individual self-interests and feelings about the group </li></ul><ul><li>Deal with the homeless crisis on a personal level </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, the group would press the City of Aurora to include affordable housing </li></ul>
  31. 39. Intervention “ Assisting community members in awakening to and pursuing their own legitimate aspirations for social autonomy and recognition” (Adams & Goldbard, 2001, p. 19)
  32. 40. Target: Confront influential socio-economic interests, especially Fitzsimons campus Goal Raise awareness of invisible homeless on Colfax. People are empowered when their voices are heard.
  33. 41. <ul><li>Lived Realities </li></ul>Homeless Children’s
  34. 42. Intervention: Community Arts Project <ul><li>oral documentary using audio and photographic mediums </li></ul><ul><li>After-school program teaches community youth how to collect visual/audio snapshots of their daily experience of motel living </li></ul><ul><li>build relationships with Fitzsimons campus </li></ul><ul><li>display images and audio exerts on hospital campuses. </li></ul><ul><li>mobilize democratizing potential of media by playing audio segments on public radio and news stations </li></ul>
  35. 43. Timeline <ul><li>Begin immediately utilizing already existing after-school program and CCN </li></ul><ul><li>Three week training with kids learning audio and photographic medium </li></ul><ul><li>Form relationships with hospitals to secure an venue for project </li></ul><ul><li>First Friday opening event including youth artists, targets, and media. Display for one month. </li></ul>
  36. 44. Social work values and ethics <ul><li>Values </li></ul><ul><li>Dignity and worth of the person </li></ul><ul><li>Social Justice, challenge injustice of homelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Service, help motel residents </li></ul><ul><li>Ethics </li></ul><ul><li>Self determination through use of voice in art project (1.02) </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural competence and social diversity, strength of homeless community (1.05a) </li></ul>
  37. 45. Intervention draws from: <ul><li>Intervention models: </li></ul><ul><li>Community </li></ul><ul><li>Development </li></ul><ul><li>Transformative </li></ul><ul><li>Social Action </li></ul><ul><li>Utilizes skills of: </li></ul><ul><li>Listening </li></ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul><ul><li>Teaching </li></ul><ul><li>Communication </li></ul><ul><li>building alliances and coalitions </li></ul><ul><li>publicity skills </li></ul>
  38. 46. <ul><li>Bibliography </li></ul><ul><li>Adams, D, & Goldbard, A. (2001). Creative Community: The Art of Cultural Development . New York: The Rockerfeller Foundation. </li></ul><ul><li>Aurora Housing Task Force, The. (June, 2004). Aurora Housing Needs and Strategies . Prepared by: Economic & Planning Systems, </li></ul><ul><li>Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Aurora History. www.auroragov.org </li></ul><ul><li>Bobo, K., Kendall, J., & Max, S. (2001). Organizing for Social Change: Midwest Academy Manual for Activists. Santa Ana, California: </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Locks Press . </li></ul><ul><li>Colfax Community Network, Inc. www.colfaxcommunitynetwork.org </li></ul><ul><li>Colorado Coalition for the Homeless. www.coloradocoalition.org </li></ul><ul><li>Dugger, C. W. (January 18, 2005). “U.N. Calls on rich nations to double aid.” The New </li></ul><ul><li>York Times . </li></ul><ul><li>Erbaugh, E. B. (2002). Women’s Community Organizing and Identity Transformation. </li></ul><ul><li>Race, Gender & Class , Vol. 9, number 1, pp. 8-32. </li></ul><ul><li>Hanna, M. & Robinson, B. (1994). Strategies for community empowerment: Direct action </li></ul><ul><li>and transformative approaches to social change practice . NY: The Edwin Mellon Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Homan, M. (2004). Promoting Community Change: Making it happen in the real world </li></ul><ul><li>(3rd Ed.). CA: Brooks Cole. </li></ul><ul><li>Johansen, Erin. (August 27, 2004) Redeveloping Fitzsimons: City closer to picking developer. Denver Business Journal. Retrieved </li></ul><ul><li>March 8, 2005 from http://denver.bizjournals.com/denver/stories/2004/08/30/story2.html?page=1 </li></ul><ul><li>Linthicum, R. (1991). Empowering the Poor . Monrovia, CA: MARC. </li></ul><ul><li>National Association of Social Workers. (1999). Code of Ethics . Washington, DC: Author. </li></ul><ul><li>O’Donnell, S. M. & Karanja, S. T. (2000). Transformative Community Practice: Building a Model for Developing Extremely Low Income </li></ul><ul><li>African-American Communities. Journal of Community Practice , Vol. 7(3), pp. 67-84. </li></ul><ul><li>Rothman, J., Erlich, J. L., & Tropman, J. E. (Eds.). (2001). Strategies of Community Intervention, (6 th ed) . Belmont, California: Thomson </li></ul><ul><li>Brooks/Cole. </li></ul><ul><li>Weil, M. & Gamble, D. (1994). Current Models of Community Practice for Social Work , Received from Katharine R. Hobart, Ph. D., MSW, </li></ul><ul><li>LCSW, Community Practice I Class, University of Denver, Graduate School of Social Work. </li></ul>
  39. 47. <ul><li>Erbaugh, E. B. (2002). Women’s Community Organizing and Identity Transformation. </li></ul><ul><li>Race, Gender & Class , Vol. 9, number 1, pp. 8-32. </li></ul><ul><li>Hanna, M. & Robinson, B. (1994). Strategies for community empowerment: Direct action </li></ul><ul><li>and transformative approaches to social change practice . NY: The Edwin Mellon Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Homan, M. (2004). Promoting Community Change: Making it happen in the real world </li></ul><ul><li>(3rd Ed.). CA: Brooks Cole. </li></ul><ul><li>Linthicum, R. (1991). Empowering the Poor . Monrovia, CA: MARC. </li></ul><ul><li>O’Donnell, S. M. & Karanja, S. T. (2000). Transformative Community Practice: Building </li></ul><ul><li>a Model for Developing Extremely Low Income African-American Communities. Journal of Community Practice , Vol. 7(3), pp. 67-84. </li></ul><ul><li>Weil, M. & Gamble, D. (1994). Current Models of Community Practice for Social Work , </li></ul><ul><li>Received from Katharine R. Hobart, Ph. D., MSW, LCSW, Community Practice I Class, University of Denver, Graduate School of Social Work. </li></ul>

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