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  1. 1. Demography Is the statistical analysis and description of population aggregates with reference to the distribution, vital statistics, age, sex and related factors. This field requires competence in mathematics, so that no attempt is made in this book to teach formal demography.
  2. 2.  In 1980, the Philippines registered a total population of 48,098,460. With a total land area of 300,000 square kilometers, the population density (number of persons per square kilometer of land area) of the country has therefore increased very much.  The Filipinos are projected to count at 57.6 million by the end of the year 1987 or an additional of a million to the 56 growth rate of 2.3 per cent compared to 2.7 percent measured in the 1980 census which counted a 48 million population.  Based on the 2.3 per cent growth, the agency estimated that Filipinos will number 57,356,042 with the males numbering 28,795,983 and the females 28,560,059.
  3. 3.  Metro Manila females will total 3.7 million and males, 3.4 million. In Ilocos, there will be 1.99 million females against 1.96 million males.  Using the medium assumption or estimate, the agency projected the national population to stand at 69.9 million by year 2000 which is just 13 years away. The high estimate gives 75 million figures.  The Population Commission demographic experts’ assessment resulted in the warning that only 70 million people can be decently supported by the country’s natural resources in terms of self-sufficiency in food and other basic human needs.
  4. 4. The total number of families in the country in 1985 was placed at 9.566 million, one and a half times bigger than the number reported in 1971 at 6.347 million and more than twice the figure 24 years before in 1961 at 4.426 Data at the labor department’s statistics service showed that the majority of the families (5.964 million) lived in the rural areas although a substantial number (3.602 million) resided in urban centers
  5. 5. The dominant family size was five person (17.3 percent) but three to seven-person families was also in relatively large numbers A slightly higher average was computed for urban families (5.6 persons) compared to rural-based families (5.4 persons).
  6. 6. Year Both Sexes Male Female 2000 76,946,500 38,748,500 38,198,000 2005 85,261,000 42,887,300 42,373,700 2010 94,013,200 47,263,600 46,749,600 2015 102,965,300 51,733,400 51,231,900 2020 111,784,600 56,123,600 55,661,000 2025 120,224,500 60,311,700 59,912,800 2030 128,110,000 64,203,600 63,906,400 2035 135,301,100 67,741,300 67,559,800 2040 141,669,900 70,871,100 70,798,800
  7. 7. Year Growth Rate 2000-2005 2.05 2005-2010 1.95 2010-2015 1.82 2015-2020 1.64 2020-2025 1.46 2025-2030 1.27 2030-2035 1.09 2035-2040 0.92
  8. 8. Sustained fertility:  Certain Filipino customs, traditions, and beliefs contribute to the high population growth rate. Having a large family is traditional to us. Parents derive satisfaction from having many children who will perpetuate their name and support them at old age;  Few people are motivated to limit their family size;  The availability of a number of safe, inexpensive and effective contraceptives has not had a noticeable restraining influence on the overall population growth;  Early marriage;  There is lack of control on the part of the man, specially; and  The permissive atmosphere which is conducive to premarital sexual relationship.
  9. 9. What is premarital sexuality? Though a human being gains the physical maturity of procreation at the beginning of puberty, he/she is considered eligible for mating and reproduction much later may be after 18 years of age or 20. And also the society insists that a sexual practice outside a marriage is improper and illegal at times. Premarital sexuality is any sexual activity with an opposite sex partner or with a same sex partner before he/she has started a married life. The term is usually used to refer the intercourse before the legal age of a marriage.
  10. 10. That’s around …  1,166,666 a month  269230 a week  38,461 a day  27 every minute  Or, around one girl every two seconds.
  11. 11. Decline in morality due to the following: Advance in science and technology; Intensified nutrition or diet; Sanitation; Introduction of artesian well; and Improved ways of sewage waste.
  12. 12. This means the influx of foreigners to our country.  Fifty-seven percent of our populations are children who are sixteen years of age and below; so that these portions of our population are all depending upon the adults for support.  The 1980 census showed that although the males outnumber the females, the difference is no longer as big as in 1975 where 21,276,224 are males and 20,794,436 are females.  More than one-half of our population is engage in agriculture, which means that most of our people live by tilling the lands.  Death rate is higher with the males who are always outside the house to earn a living for the family.
  13. 13.  The Health Problem  The Housing Problem  Food Problem  The Problem of Education  Unemployment  Family Size and Neglected Children  Morbidity  Death Rates  Growth and Maturation  Mental Function  Parental Health  Urban Migration, Poor Housing  Mobility and Transiency
  14. 14. The Health Problem with too many people we will be incurring health problems. there will be an annual increase for the health budget. people will be dying in hospitals without getting the remedy because they are too many.
  15. 15. The Housing Problem there will be need for more dwelling places every year which will lead to the conversion of agricultural lands to residential ones, and the people will have a very small chance of owning larger for it will just be good for a small house.
  16. 16. Food Problem food will surely be insufficient. There will be more people eating, prices of commodities will go up, and for those people w2ho can’t afford to buy will resort to begging and even to a worst one, stealing and killing.
  17. 17. The Problem of Education because of the increasing population, there will be a need for more classrooms and jeepneys and other vehicles for if there will be none, our illiteracy rate will go up and traffic problem will become worst than ever.
  18. 18. Unemployment unemployment has been a very serious problem in the Philippines. With the rapid population growth there will be a need for opening more jobs to check unemployment problem but which can hardly be done because industrialists resort to machines rather than manpower.
  19. 19. Family Size and Neglected Children to many advocates of birth control, its greatest promise is that it may someday end as one of the world’s most widespread tragedies: the sad plight of millions of neglected children who are denied a fair start in life. Many such children are born unwanted to parents who already have more than they know to care for.
  20. 20. Morbidity this is the study of the frequency of disease and illness in a population. The size of the family is closely tied up with economic limitations, with physical space and crowding and with inadequate sanitary conditions. These factors may fuse to produce illness.
  21. 21. Death Rates mortality in the first two years also increases with parity (live births) and family size. after an initial high mortality figure associated with first borns, the number of deaths in the first four weeks, one year and two year period drops for the next two children.
  22. 22. Growth and Maturation extensive studies done in English indicate slower rates of growth in children from large families. This difference has been quantified as averaging four inches between the first and third or later child by the age of five years.
  23. 23. Mental Function many studies have shown that children of large families score significantly lower in intelligence tests than children of small families. This difference extends across all social classes.
  24. 24. Parental Health this is also related to the number of children in the family. Peptic ulcer in men has a positive correlation with the number of children, while as far as women are concerned , one study showed incidence of rheumatic arthritis with increased number of offspring.
  25. 25. Urban Migration, Poor Housing and Slums poverty and want, poor housing, unemployment, the invasion blight and elated conditions, individually and collectively, have a significant bearing on all phases of life including behavior tendencies.
  26. 26. Mobility and Transiency an important trend in migration in the Philippines has been the accelerated movement of the people from rural to urban areas. Plameras states persons who migrate to cities from the relatively simple rural life often experience by those who move from one country to another.
  27. 27. “Population control is the control of the rate of population growth. It encompasses not only fertility and mortality for the country as a whole, but also control of migration for any regions of the country.” (Tholimson, 1965)
  28. 28. Population Planning Activities Both private and public agencies are now actively engaged in population planning activities. The Population Program in the country, including the large-scale family planning activities, has been practiced by several couples during the early decades but it is not quite widely used. As years passed by, it became the concern of some government organizations because of the noticeable rapid expansion of population.
  29. 29. Family Planning This is a two-way proposition. It is not simply a way of regulating and spacing the births of children but it also helps childless couples find out the cause of their inability to have children. If this can be remedied, they are helped to become parents. It aims to promote healthy, happy families and to make possible greater enjoyment of family life for both parents and children.
  30. 30.  President Aquino, however, directed the POPCOM on March 26, 1987 to respect the freedom of choice of couples to determine the size of their family and give adequate and correct information on alternative methods of contraception.  Social Welfare Secretary Mita Pardo De Tavera said that “The rural poor say they need children to help in their farms or watch over the younger children. For as long as people are in difficulty, they will need children to help them out” (Manila Bulletin, March 27, 1987).
  31. 31. Population Policy  The government’s population policy is bring down the annual growth rate to 2 percent or below before the start the next century. The population policies of the Philippines have been formulated to improve the quality of population and to change population trends through family planning and population redistribution.