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Shivaji maharaj –the great indian leader


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Shivaji maharaj –the great indian leader

  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Shivaji Bhosale, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale.  Shivaji was the founder of Maratha Empire in western India in 1674  Born: February 19, 1627  Died: April 3, 1680  Father: Shahaji  Mother: Jijabai  Shivaji with his ideology of Hindavi Swaraj (Freedom for Hindustan) decided to directly challenge Bijapur Sultanate rule and eventually the Mughal empire to established the Maratha Samrajya or the Maratha kingdom for there Marathas, by the Marathas and of the Marathas.
  4. 4. Leadership Qualities  An example of this is how readily his men like Baji Prabhu Deshpande and others volunteered to face even the likelihood of certain death at Ghod Khind to help Shivaji continue the fight of independence – eliciting such heroism from followers cannot be mandates, it can only be inspired by :  Purity of character  Noble  Awe inspiring leadership and  A truly shared vision for homeland.
  5. 5. An innovator and an Able commander  He successfully used effective tactics  Strategic expansion of territories and forts  Formation of highly mobile cavalry  Infantry units  Adaptation of strategic battle plans and formations, Whereby he succeeded in out- manoeuvring, time and again, his vastly bigger and highly determined enemies.
  6. 6. Skills  Shivaji Mharaj’s kingdom served as a Hindu bulwark against Mughal powers within India.  His brilliant strategic- (ganimi kava)  Tactical management on battlefields,  Acute management and  Administrative skills helped him to lay the foundations of the future Maratha empire in India.
  7. 7. ACHIEVEMENTS  Clash with the Mughals-  AFZAL DEATH-  Attack on SHAISTA KHAN-  Battle of Pratapgarh  Battle of Kolhapur  Siege of Panhala and Battle of Pavan Khind  Treaty of Purandar  Arrest in Agra and escape
  8. 8.  Disturbed by his continuing success, Adilshahi sent a famous Sardar, 'Afzal khan' to capture Shivaji – dead or alive  Huge army – destruction of temples  Shivaji’s meeting at Pratapgad  Prays to Bhavani Mata  Afzal killed using “Bichwa” (Tiger claws)
  9. 9. Encounter with Shaista Khan –  Delhi sent next Khan to punish Shivaji Raje was Shaista Khan.  Destruction of property  Shivaji along with a few people created chaos in his living quarters
  10. 10.  Shaista is lucky- He only loses his Fingers
  11. 11. Forts achieved  Rajgad  Torana  Kondana  Purandar  Sindhudurga  Sinhagad  Western ghats  And many more ..
  12. 12. Forts achieved Rajgad Sindhudurg Purandar Sinhgad Shivneri Murud janjira
  13. 13. Broad Principles of Shivaji’s Administration  The defence of the country (Swarajya) should be given highest priority through a network of well garrisoned land and marine forts, a strong army and a navy. In view of peculiar geographical features of Maharashtra specially kokan region this was the best means of protecting the land from hostile powers.  All posts were to be filled on the basis of merit and not heredity, caste or religion.  Revenue collection was to be direct, i.e. by the state, through its own agencies and departments and through middleman of any type.  During war and in course of raids in the enemy territory the women, children and religion places were not to suffer any harm or damage.
  14. 14. TRAITS OF HIS GREAT LEADERSHIP DEMOCRATIC-HIS POLICIES were clearly defined for only and only welfare of society  Inspired his own people  Paternalistic-  Fair administration- taxation  Thinking out of the box  Sharp brain good presence of mind great vision  Superb spy network  An innovator and able commander
  15. 15. THE GREAT KING..  Meritocracy-  Leading by example-  Superb spy network-  Promoted commerce-  All around development-  Constant vigilant-