MAHARAJ –THE GREAT
Presented by :
1. Kunal patil Roll no.-36
2. Roshan midgule Roll no.-31
3. Aksay bhor Roll no.-02
4. Satish bokale Roll no.-39
5. Ankush patil Roll no.-35
6. Sunil shinde Roll no.-51
Shivaji Bhosale, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale.
Shivaji was the founder of Maratha Empire in western India in 1674
Born: February 19, 1627
Died: April 3, 1680
Shivaji with his ideology of Hindavi Swaraj (Freedom for Hindustan) decided
to directly challenge Bijapur Sultanate rule and eventually the Mughal empire
to established the Maratha Samrajya or the Maratha kingdom for there
Shivaji Maharaj was coronated as a “Chatrapati”
He is considered a great hero in India, especially in the
present-day state of Maharashtra. Using guerrilla
tactics well-suited to the rugged mountains and valleys
of the region, he annexed a portion of the then
dominant Mughal empire and the Sultanate of Bijapur.
An example of this is how readily his men like Baji Prabhu Deshpande
and others volunteered to face even the likelihood of certain death
at Ghod Khind to help Shivaji continue the fight of independence –
eliciting such heroism from followers cannot be mandates,
it can only be inspired by :
Purity of character
Awe inspiring leadership and
A truly shared vision for homeland.
An innovator and an
He successfully used effective tactics
Strategic expansion of territories and forts
Formation of highly mobile cavalry
Adaptation of strategic battle plans and
formations, Whereby he succeeded in
out- manoeuvring, time and again, his vastly
bigger and highly determined enemies.
Shivaji Mharaj’s kingdom served as a Hindu
bulwark against Mughal powers within India.
His brilliant strategic- (ganimi kava)
Tactical management on battlefields,
Acute management and
Administrative skills helped him to lay the
foundations of the future Maratha empire in
Clash with the Mughals-
Attack on SHAISTA KHAN-
Battle of Pratapgarh
Battle of Kolhapur
Siege of Panhala and Battle of Pavan Khind
Treaty of Purandar
Arrest in Agra and escape
Disturbed by his continuing success, Adilshahi sent
a famous Sardar, 'Afzal khan' to capture Shivaji – dead or alive
Huge army – destruction of temples
Shivaji’s meeting at Pratapgad
Prays to Bhavani Mata
Afzal killed using “Bichwa” (Tiger claws)
Encounter with Shaista Khan –
Delhi sent next Khan to punish Shivaji Raje was Shaista Khan.
Destruction of property
Shivaji along with a few people created chaos in his living quarters
Shaista khan is lucky- He only loses his Fingers
1627 - Shivaji born in the hill fort of Shivner.
1643-47 - Shivaji overran the hill forts of Kondana, Torna and Raigad.
1647 - Shivaji's Guardian Dadaji Khondev died.
1656 - Shivaji conquered Javli from Chandra Rao More.
1657 - Shivaji came into conflict with the Moghuls; raids into Ahmednagar.
1659 - Afzal Khan of Bijapur was killed by Shivaji.
1660 - Moghul Governor Shaista Khan occupied Pune
1663 - Shivaji made an attack on Shaistakhan's harem and wounded him.
1664 - Shivaji raided and looted Surat.
1665 - Jai Singh besieged the fort of Purandar; forced to sign a treaty
1666 - Shivaji escaped from Agra.
1670 - Shivaji attacked Surat for the second time.
1674 - Shivaji crowned “Chhatrapati”.
1676 - Shivaji's last campaign against Jijapuri Karnataka.
1680 - Shivaji died.
Rajgad / Raigad
And many more ……
TRAITS OF HIS GREAT LEADERSHIP-
DEMOCRATIC-HIS POLICIES were clearly defined
for only and only welfare of society
Inspired his own people
Fair administration- taxation
Thinking out of the box
Sharp brain good presence of mind great vision
Superb spy network
An innovator and able commander
Broad Principles of Shivaji’s Administration
The defence of the country (Swarajya) should be given highest priority through a
network of well garrisoned land and marine forts, a strong army and a navy. In
view of peculiar geographical features of Maharashtra specially kokan region this
was the best means of protecting the land from hostile powers.
All posts were to be filled on the basis of merit and not heredity, caste or religion.
Revenue collection was to be direct, i.e. by the state, through its own agencies
and departments and through middleman of any type.
During war and in course of raids in the enemy territory the women, children and
religion places were not to suffer any harm or damage.
He was the type of the real son of India representing the true
consciousness of the nation.
Shivaji embodied all the qualities that politicians should possess in 21st
He was just, firm and stood for the weak; he was an honest and
Even today he rules the heart of Indian people.