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SHIVAJI MAHARAJ - The great Leader

in this we wiil find that how shivaji maharaj faced manny problem with good presence of mind.

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SHIVAJI MAHARAJ - The great Leader

  2. 2. Presented by : 1. Kunal patil Roll no.-36 2. Roshan midgule Roll no.-31 3. Aksay bhor Roll no.-02 4. Satish bokale Roll no.-39 5. Ankush patil Roll no.-35 6. Sunil shinde Roll no.-51
  3. 3. INTRODUCTION  Shivaji Bhosale, also known as Chhatrapati Shivaji Raje Bhosale.  Shivaji was the founder of Maratha Empire in western India in 1674  Born: February 19, 1627  Died: April 3, 1680  Father: Shahaji  Mother: Jijabai  Shivaji with his ideology of Hindavi Swaraj (Freedom for Hindustan) decided to directly challenge Bijapur Sultanate rule and eventually the Mughal empire to established the Maratha Samrajya or the Maratha kingdom for there Marathas.
  4. 4.  Shivaji Maharaj was coronated as a “Chatrapati”  He is considered a great hero in India, especially in the present-day state of Maharashtra. Using guerrilla tactics well-suited to the rugged mountains and valleys of the region, he annexed a portion of the then dominant Mughal empire and the Sultanate of Bijapur.
  5. 5. Leadership Qualities  An example of this is how readily his men like Baji Prabhu Deshpande and others volunteered to face even the likelihood of certain death at Ghod Khind to help Shivaji continue the fight of independence – eliciting such heroism from followers cannot be mandates, it can only be inspired by :  Purity of character  Noble  Awe inspiring leadership and  A truly shared vision for homeland.
  6. 6. An innovator and an Able commander  He successfully used effective tactics  Strategic expansion of territories and forts  Formation of highly mobile cavalry  Infantry units  Adaptation of strategic battle plans and formations, Whereby he succeeded in out- manoeuvring, time and again, his vastly bigger and highly determined enemies.
  7. 7. Skills  Shivaji Mharaj’s kingdom served as a Hindu bulwark against Mughal powers within India.  His brilliant strategic- (ganimi kava)  Tactical management on battlefields,  Acute management and  Administrative skills helped him to lay the foundations of the future Maratha empire in India.
  8. 8. ACHIEVEMENTS  Clash with the Mughals-  AFZAL DEATH-  Attack on SHAISTA KHAN-  Battle of Pratapgarh  Battle of Kolhapur  Siege of Panhala and Battle of Pavan Khind  Treaty of Purandar  Arrest in Agra and escape
  9. 9. AFZAL DEATH  Disturbed by his continuing success, Adilshahi sent a famous Sardar, 'Afzal khan' to capture Shivaji – dead or alive  Huge army – destruction of temples  Shivaji’s meeting at Pratapgad  Prays to Bhavani Mata  Afzal killed using “Bichwa” (Tiger claws)
  10. 10. Encounter with Shaista Khan –  Delhi sent next Khan to punish Shivaji Raje was Shaista Khan.  Destruction of property  Shivaji along with a few people created chaos in his living quarters
  11. 11.  Shaista khan is lucky- He only loses his Fingers
  12. 12. Important Events  1627 - Shivaji born in the hill fort of Shivner.  1643-47 - Shivaji overran the hill forts of Kondana, Torna and Raigad.  1647 - Shivaji's Guardian Dadaji Khondev died.  1656 - Shivaji conquered Javli from Chandra Rao More.  1657 - Shivaji came into conflict with the Moghuls; raids into Ahmednagar.  1659 - Afzal Khan of Bijapur was killed by Shivaji.  1660 - Moghul Governor Shaista Khan occupied Pune  1663 - Shivaji made an attack on Shaistakhan's harem and wounded him.  1664 - Shivaji raided and looted Surat.  1665 - Jai Singh besieged the fort of Purandar; forced to sign a treaty  1666 - Shivaji escaped from Agra.  1670 - Shivaji attacked Surat for the second time.  1674 - Shivaji crowned “Chhatrapati”.  1676 - Shivaji's last campaign against Jijapuri Karnataka.  1680 - Shivaji died.
  13. 13. Forts achieved  Rajgad / Raigad  Torana  Kondana  Purandar  Sindhudurga  Sinhagad  Western ghats  And many more ……
  14. 14. Forts achieved Shivneri Rajgad Sindhudurg Purandar Sinhgad Murud janjira
  15. 15. TRAITS OF HIS GREAT LEADERSHIP-  DEMOCRATIC-HIS POLICIES were clearly defined for only and only welfare of society  Inspired his own people  Paternalistic-  Fair administration- taxation  Thinking out of the box  Sharp brain good presence of mind great vision  Superb spy network  An innovator and able commander
  16. 16. Broad Principles of Shivaji’s Administration  The defence of the country (Swarajya) should be given highest priority through a network of well garrisoned land and marine forts, a strong army and a navy. In view of peculiar geographical features of Maharashtra specially kokan region this was the best means of protecting the land from hostile powers.  All posts were to be filled on the basis of merit and not heredity, caste or religion.  Revenue collection was to be direct, i.e. by the state, through its own agencies and departments and through middleman of any type.  During war and in course of raids in the enemy territory the women, children and religion places were not to suffer any harm or damage.
  17. 17. Conclusion  He was the type of the real son of India representing the true consciousness of the nation.  Shivaji embodied all the qualities that politicians should possess in 21st century India.  He was just, firm and stood for the weak; he was an honest and able administration.  Even today he rules the heart of Indian people.
  18. 18. THANK YOU