Citadel Leadership Brochure

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Bill Crowe passed on this excellent presentation on Citadel Leadership

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Citadel Leadership Brochure

  1. 1. The Citadel Principled Leader Development Model GRADUATE August 2008
  2. 2. Table of Contents Vision and Mission Statement........................... 2 The Citadel Core Values.................................... 3 Message from the President............................. 4 Building Principled Leaders............................... 6 A Path to Operating Dynamics.......................... 8 The Common Program.................................... 10    Pillar I: Academics...................................................... 12    Pillar II: Military........................................................... 14    Pillar III: Physical......................................................... 16    Pillar IV: Moral............................................................ 18 A Toolbox for Development............................ 20 The Road to Leadership.................................. 22 Cadet Development Paths............................... 26 “Real education should educate us out of self into something far finer–into a selflessness which links us with all humanity.” Nancy Astor, American/British politician
  3. 3. “If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader.” John Quincy Adams, U.S. President
  4. 4. The Citadel Vision Achieving excellence in the education of principled leaders. The Citadel Mission To educate and prepare graduates to become principled leaders in all walks of life by instilling the core values of The Citadel in a challenging intellectual environment. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 2
  5. 5. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 3 The Citadel Core Values Academics Duty Honor Morality Discipline Diversity
  6. 6. Message fron the President It is my privilege to introduce to you, The Citadel community, The Citadel’s Principled Leader Development Model. This new concept recognizes that producing Principled Leaders occurs in a structured process that requires systematic planning and the integration of everything we do to achieve our common mission. To this end, we are instituting this model that will provide a standard set of expectations that challenges every cadet over the length of their Citadel Experience. On one hand, the Model will promote and reinforce those treasured values upon which our past successes have been built, and, on the other, it also marks a new start for The Citadel and for the personal development of every cadet. As with any new program, we can expect that adjustments will need to be made in the course of implementing it, but I am confident that, with everyone pulling together to make it work, the Model will reinvigorate our venerable institution and keep it relevant as it enters the 21st century. Within the parameters of this common experience, individual initiative and interests will continue to be prized and recognized, but a common program will unite all T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 4
  7. 7. in the active pursuit of the skills and spirit necessary to develop principled leaders of character. The Principled Leader Development Model is an incremental process whereby a cadet will grow through required leadership roles and expectations every year at The Citadel. We will establish common benchmarks in all areas of The Citadel’s Four Development Pillars - Academics, Military, Physical, and Moral. Our cadets will be tested and challenged as never before, but also inspired and supported, to gain the competencies that they will need as leaders in their future careers. To the Corps of Cadets, let me remind you that it is a great honor to be a member of that body and to carry on the honorable traditions it represents. As cadets, you have made a commitment to live the values that have made The Citadel a builder of leaders since its founding in 1842. With the same spirit of service and sacrifice that has sustained it through thick and thin over the years, I have total trust in you to willingly accept and meet the challenges which this Model provides for your lifelong personal and professional development. There are no easy paths in life that can lead to gains of lasting value. That is why The Citadel Experience is meant to be rigorous, tough, and thorough. You will be involved, from your first year to graduation, in a program designed to ensure your constant improvement in all you attempt. When the time comes for you to receive your hard-won diploma, you will have acquired the means necessary for permanent self-development in whatever path of life you choose. This guide will provide an overview of the Principled Leader Development Model and explain how it will be put into practice. I hope that all members of the greater Citadel community will embrace it and the new direction it represents for us. Let us go forward together. John W. Rosa Lieutenant General, USAF Retired President T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 5
  8. 8. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 6 Building Principled Leaders for the 21st Century The Citadel builds leaders of character. This has been its principle mission since its founding in 1842, and it will continue to promote those values that have made it a great institution into the 21st century. The new century represents challenges and opportunities that no one can foresee, but we enter this century confident that the men and women of The Citadel will successfully tackle the future, guided by personal faith and an abiding belief in the value of human dignity, honor, and duty to the college, the state, and the country. We recognize that developing good leaders is no accident: It is a product of good planning and on-going coordination. Everyone at the college - from cadet to faculty to administration and staff - must be involved in the leadership development process. Everyone must participate; a winning team is not made by benchwarmers. The key to The Citadel’s survival and success in this century will be its ability to establish and foster an integrated leadership development program that will invigorate and characterize the life of the school in all its aspects. Every cadet should and will be required to demonstrate growth in leadership skills during his or her entire Citadel experience - from the first day of Hell Week to Graduation Day. The leadership model for the 21st century will incorporate the best practices of the long and distinguished history of which The Citadel is rightly proud and known for throughout the country and the world, and it will also integrate new elements into the Corps and academic experience that will better prepare our graduates for the unrelenting demands of an ever-changing
  9. 9. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 7 “Honor is the capacity to control the instinctive selfish- ness that lurks in all of us. It is the tough case-hardened ability to put morality ahead of expendiency, duty ahead of deviousness – and to do it instinctively and every time. Honor also means pride in excellence – of every kind; es- pecially excellence of performance.” General Mark Clark, USA (Ret.), Former President, The Citadel world. We must always keep in mind that tradition without innovation ends in obsolescence, but when it is rejuvenated by faithful generations of offspring it can provide a firm foundation on which to spring into the future. Clearly, The Citadel has no intention of turning its back on the past as it steps boldly forward into the new age before us. The new Citadel Experience will be distinguished and integrated, by this we mean that excellence will become standard and our purpose will wear one uniform. The three pillars of Academics, Military Training, and Physical Conditioning will rest upon our fourth pillar of deep commitment to moral and ethical values. All of our programs must have specific objectives and clearly defined components. It is crucial to the leader development process that activities and programs be measured and assessed if they are to guide the cadet towards his or her aspiration of graduating as a principled leader and assuming a position of responsibility in military or civilian life. Fundamentally speaking, every aspect of a cadet’s life should be recognized as an opportunity for leadership growth. The way ahead for The Citadel will encompass progress on all institutional levels—at the Strategic (planning), Operational (resource management), and Tactical (programs). Clearly defined steps from 4th year knob to 1st year executive leader will mark the progress of a cadet’s experience. In all things, the focus will be on eliminating failure by removing chance and ensuring success by securing standards. In order to continue the long and proud tradition of Citadel leadership, we must have a map. The Leader Development Program gives us the signs and coordinates, but we must make the journey. The road is ours; let’s go!
  10. 10. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 8 Operating Dynamics of The Citadel Experience These key concepts give us a standard frame of reference by which we operate as a unified team. Integrate The Citadel is a place and a process where all parts are integrated for the institution to function and meet its objectives to build principled leaders. Improve The Citadel is committed to constant improvement. Change can help us meet our goals. Involve The Citadel is a dynamic institution that is open to diversity and involvement with the outstide world. Inspire The Citadel welcomes its duty to share its resources and provide inspiration for principled leadership to other individuals and institutions.
  11. 11. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 9
  12. 12. TH E FOUR PILL A RS A C A D E M I C S TH E FOUR PILL A RS M I L I T A R Y The Four
  13. 13. The four pillars of The Citadel Experience represent the unity and diversity of our programs and activities. All that we do as individuals and collectively is integrated into the philosophy of our institution. TH E FOUR PILL A RS P H Y S I C A L TH E FOUR PILL A RS M O R A L PillarsA Citadel Tradition
  14. 14. Essentials The Citadel is committed, first and foremost, to maintaining high academic achievement. Mandatory class attendance is one way to ensure the cadet will fulfill this duty to learning. In their first two semesters, all cadets complete a First Year Experience course that familiarizes them with Citadel procedures and learning strategies. This course serves as an orientation to academics and provides standards that the cadet will be expected to uphold. All cadets are also required to complete two courses in computer competency. In the first year, cadets will declare a major course of study, and may also choose a minor. By the second year, cadets will begin to take higher level classes in their area or areas of concentration and will also start to work more closely with the instructors in that field. Throughout the entire four-year experience, the cadet must maintain the minimum grade-point ratio. Even though this mark is the least that can be accepted for graduation, it is merely a baseline and by no means represents the standard of excellence to which the cadet should strive. In addition to keeping up the grade-point ratio, the cadet must maintain full-time student status during the four years and also complete other academic criteria for continuation. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 12 AcademicsPillarI Academics
  15. 15. “Integrity without knowledge is weak and useless, and knowledge without integrity is dangerous and dreadful.” Samuel Johnson, English author Enablers Cadets are strongly encouraged to visit with their academic faculty advisor and company academic advisor. Regular meetings with advisors can greatly benefit the cadet in helping him to stay focused on academics and resolve any issues pertaining to his progress. Cadets will also have the opportunity to attend a wide variety of individual tutoring and learning strategies workshops. These forums exist to help cadets not only to maintain the minimum required academic standard, but also to find new ways to excel in his studies. In addition to the above, the Office of Multicultural and International Student Services actively promotes venues with the aim of enriching The Citadel’s commitment to diversity and inclusiveness. Once further along in their studies, the cadet may elect to work closely with a faculty advisor to conduct research and later to present findings. Strongly motivated and academically prepared cadets may be invited by the faculty to participate in the Honors Program, whereby in-depth study will afford a more substantial acquaintance with the subject matter. A senior thesis option may be chosen with the consent of her department. Another possibility for expanding cadets’ horizons is by engaging in an internship, done either on or off campus. This can provide an excellent opportunity for cadets to use in the real world the skills and knowledge they have gained in the classroom. And for those whose sights are set further afield, opportunities also exist to study abroad in the summer or during the academic year. Finally, qualified cadets are encouraged and can be assisted in competing for academic awards, privileges, and graduate school scholarship opportunities. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 13
  16. 16. Essentials Much of what defines the everyday life of a cadet is directly related to maintaining a proper military bearing and spirit. All members of the Corps of Cadets will enroll in a ROTC program of their choice. The chain of command system allows The Citadel to function with a unity of purpose and a common set of values for all. It is imperative that all cadets follow and respect the military lifestyle that the College demands of them, and that includes abiding by and supporting the Fourth Class System. The Cadet Regulations, also known as “The Blue Book”, contain detailed instructions as to what is and what is not permitted. They exist to provide uniformity of acceptable behavior and insure standards of fairness for every member of the Corps of Cadets. It is vital to the life of The Citadel that the Cadet Regulations be adhered to in spirit and letter. The company tactical officer is a member of the military, either active duty or retired, whose counsel should be deferred to. Cadets will eagerly embrace the leadership challenges and opportunities that are designed for their character development. All cadets should demonstrate respect for authority and show pride in the institution of which they are a part. In the event that infractions occur, the cadet must accept the eventual corrective measures. It is essential that all cadets behave with honor, integrity, and courtesy at all times. PillarIIMilitaryMilitary T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 14
  17. 17. Enablers Cadets have the opportunity to enter into a ROTC contract program, whereby upon graduation they will become commissioned officers of an armed service of the United States. While at The Citadel, they may join the Reserves or the National Guard, and arrangements will be made to accommodate their service obligations. It is also possible for cadets to apply for competitive or non-competitive ROTC scholarships, thereby substantially reducing the cost of their education, in whole or in part. There are many possibilities open for cadets to assume leadership positions within the Corps of Cadets. It is strongly encouraged for the cadet’s personal development, as well as for the good of the Corps. Participating in military drill competitions and joining a military club or society are other ways that a cadet may more fully grow into a military set of mind and lifestyle. “Do your duty in all things. . . You cannot do more, you should never wish to do less.” General Robert E. Lee “Honor is the noblest stimulus to military valor..” G.B. Vico, Italian Philosopher T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 15
  18. 18. Essentials: The Citadel takes very seriously the belief that a healthy body is essential for the proper development of the whole person. It is not enough for an individual’s development to be mentally prepared while his or her physical condition is neglected, and that is why such importance is given to requiring all cadets to participate actively in sports and exercise. Every cadet must pass The Citadel’s Physical Fitness Test during all four years. Another requirement is taking the RPED course (Required Physical Education Development). This academic course teaches the fundamentals of maintaining a balanced and healthy lifestyle and emphasizes the importance of correct nutrition and exercise. In addition to the above, cadets will be required to take the ROTC physical training of their chosen service detachment. PillarIIIPhysicalPhysical T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 16
  19. 19. Enablers: Many opportunities exist at The Citadel to participate in or play intercollegiate, club, Corps, or intramural sports. The Citadel’s athletic and recreational facilities are excellent and available for everyone’s use. Cadets are very strongly encouraged to participate in these activities, not just for the physical benefits they provide, but also for the social skills and character building traits to be gained through teamwork and strenuous physical challenge. There is no finer preparation for many of life’s tests than those lessons that are learned on the playing fields or in the gymnasium. “Leaders aren’t born – they are made. And they are made just like anything else, through hard work. And that’s the price we’ll have to pay to achieve that goal, or any goal.” Vince Lombardi, Football Coach T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 17
  20. 20. Essentials: Perhaps the most unique aspect of The Citadel, apart from its military organization, is the Honor System. Living by the Honor System is what most accurately defines the moral and spiritual life of a cadet. It is the framework and guide by which he or she will live - according to the letter and the spirit - every hour of every day while at The Citadel. Without honor an individual has no integrity, and without integrity a person has little value. That is why respect for and adherence to the Honor System is held in such high esteem at The Citadel. It is also crucial that every cadet behave in accordance with the Cadet Disciplinary System. Both systems, taken together, underscore the vital importance of understanding and living according to high ethical principles. Long after the details of a classroom test or the outcome of a football game have been forgotten, every graduate will carry throughout his or her life the principles of honor which were instilled in them at The Citadel. PillarIVMoralMORAL T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 18
  21. 21. Enablers: Moral and spiritual development of a person can mean many different things. It may include religious worship and fellowship. It may involve participating in community service projects. It could be gained by joining a service organization or club. It might take the form of partaking in class functions or attending fine arts events, or even creating art. Whatever form it takes, an individual is called out of his shell and asked to contribute to something besides him or herself. It is only through giving of ourselves that we ourselves grow. Through selfless sacrifice of our time and resources we learn the spirit of charity and become valued members of society in the process. That is why The Citadel places such great importance on cadet participation in any one or a combination of these activities. Character and leadership cannot be fully developed in a classroom or laboratory; they must be exercised in the real world, among real people with real needs. The principled leader is known by his or her spirit of generosity and philanthropy, and shows gratitude for the gifts he or she has been given. “Character is the bedrock on which the whole edifice of leadership rests. It is the prime element for which every profession, every corporation, every industry searches in evaluating a member of its organization. With it, the full worth of an individual can be developed.” General Matthew B. Ridgway, USA T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 19
  22. 22. Ethics These are the moral principles we live by which determine our character. When we are guided by concepts of duty, honor, and integrity, we can develop into persons of valuable character. Morals Doing what is right and good distinguishes a person who knows how to apply ethical judgements that conform to high standards of fairness and integrity. The person of moral courage acts from principle, and does not depart from the right course from fear of blame or hope for praise. Values The things that make us strong and give us worth are our values. We hold those things valuable that meet the moral principles of goodness and justice. Persons of integrity can be counted on to revere and defend the values entrusted to him to protect. Honor When we live according to our moral obligations, we are worthy of honor. The nobleness of mind and spirit that we recognize and respect of moral character is a reflection of a person’s dedication to duty. A Toolbox for Development C ommon T erms W e use to B uild L eaders in T he C itadel E x perience T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 20
  23. 23. Integrity This is the quality of a person who can be depended on to behave morally, even without external compulsion to do so. This commitment to moral principles is crucial to a person of sound character and resolve. Duty What we are morally bound to do for ourselves and others is our duty. A person of principled character fulfills his moral obligations freely and unconditionally, without expectation of reward or fear of the difficulties. Leader Leaders are persons who stands out among their peers by virtue of their character and guides them to perform their duty. In every walk of life, civilian or military, the presence of a leader is necessary to ensure the correct conduct of followers and the achievement of an organization’s goals. Through strength of character and personal integrity, the leader provides an essential role model for others to follow. Leadership All organizations must constantly meet new challenges, and people require confidence in themselves and motivation to perform to the best of their abilities. The influence and inspiration of a leader is required to ensure successful outcomes. By forging strong relationships within the group and setting a common direction, the leader controls the process that brings about positive results. Leader Development Process A person who is summoned to lead needs to possess outstanding mental, moral, and physical qualities. The systematic process of enhancing positive character traits and expanding their application to serve the good of the group is leader development. This structured transformation of the future leader builds on his strengths and removes weaknesses. It shapes the individual into a leader of principled character. Leadership Development Process The process by which the leader’s message is understood and acted on by the group is leadership development. The well-led organization shows confidence and self-awareness. Critical thinking, analysis, and open-mindedness are valued. Social relationships are adaptable, but respectful. The group is united in a common purpose and is committed to maintaining the high expectations the leader has of them. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 21
  24. 24. CitadelTradition Character Development Citadel Core Values Morality Discipline Diversity Academics Duty Honor Lead Believe Adhere Know The Citadel Leader Development Model To Educate and Prepare Graduates to Become Principled Leaders CitadelPride
  25. 25. This graphic depicts the Leadership Development Pathway that all Citadel cadets encounters during their journey within The Citadel Experience. It reflects the leadership roles which must be completed by all, from the Fourth Class to the First Class Year, and signifies that specific performance requirements must be achieved for successful movement through these various stages. The direction through The Citadel Experience is not a straight road that is the same for all cadets. Rather, it has a tremendous array of opportunities and activities that complement these universal requirements to provide students with choices with which they can challenge themselves, and enhance their personal growth. These options range from participating in a club; serving in the Regimental Band; training for a commission through ROTC; competing with an NCAA athletic team; and exploring foreign study possibilities. Consequently, the pathway is designed to recognize and value possibilities, and as well as many others. As part of this pathway, the Values and Respect Program, is an integrated co-curricular program that covers a variety of topics from Honor to Leader Development. It helps to link these common roles and requirements, along with the varied developmental opportunities, to provide additional meaning and training to support the cadets in their personal growth and understanding. Two key additional processes occur within this model: Character Development and progression from Followership to Leadership: Character development happens over time as the cadets meet the expectations, requirements, and challenges of their college years. This part of the model reflects a national growth pattern that aligns well with cadet life and increasing leadership roles: KNOW Individuals that enter The Citadel, he must quickly know and understand the rules, policies, and expectations of the environment. ADHERE Cadets must adhere to these requirements to stay within the environment and to continue to progress. BELIEVE Cadets begin to incorporate the aspects of The Citadel environment into their belief and value system - it defines who they are and how they think about themselves. LEAD The final stage of this growth pattern is the readiness and willingness of the cadet to lead and serve as an ethical role model for others. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 23
  26. 26. This part of the model helps guide the operations of The Citadel’s developmental environment and supports the design of specific activities and instruction within the Values and Respect Program. Living and serving within the Corps provides the personal exposure and opportunity to fully understand the continuum of the commonalities and differences between a follower and a leader. The Fourth Class System provides the rich initial medium to promote followership, defined as the seeking and accepting of the command, guidance, or leadership of another. As cadets progress to more important leadership roles, this early training helps shape their abilities to simultaneously interact as both followers and leaders in order to support the goals of their organization. The awareness and skills that a cadet learns as both leader and follower extend beyond graduation and are an essential outcome goal of The Citadel Experience. The cultural components unique to The Citadel (Tradition, Pride, Core Values) provide the “environment” from which this model operates. It is important to note that this environment is open and transparent and requires the college to remain connected to the changing world around us and to adjust accordingly in order to remain relevant. At the end of the pathway is the ultimate goal, The Citadel Ring and Diploma. They signify that our graduates have proven themselves worthy of the honor that the ring represents and the value of the diploma. They have earned the distinction of a Principled Leader. The Cadet Development Paths outline the major steps that a cadet takes during The Citadel Experience. Though it would be impossible to describe everything that makes The Citadel’s leadership process unique, this descriptor is meant to illustrate the essential nature of that process, and the expectations the College has of every cadet. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 24
  27. 27. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 25 outcome Goals for the Citadel experience The Citadel graduate is a Principled Leader who: Knows in-depth a major field of study and values the pursuit of knowledge Thinks critically and creatively in problem solving and decision making Organizes information, resources, and people efficiently Communicates effectively in speech and writing Inspires and guides others in disciplined teamwork Lives the Spirit of the Cadet Honor Code Behaves ethically and demonstrates moral courage Respects others and defends Human Dignity Is devoted to duty and dedicated to excellence Leads a life of continuous self improvement and service Participates successfully in organizations as leader and follower
  28. 28. Fourth Class Year “Follow to Lead” To become a leader, your first step is to learn how to listen carefully and obey your superiors. Only by recognizing authority and accepting responsibility for your own actions can you grow into a cadet and contribute to the mission of the Corps; when that happens, you will want to take your place and stand proudly in the “long, grey line”of outstanding leaders that The Citadel has produced in its 166-year history. You will become part of this rich tradition if you prove worthy of it, and be assured that the role models of great Citadel graduates will inspire and sustain you throughout your time here, and far into the future. During this time, all cadets will develop a strong sense of duty to the Corps and affirm their commitment to the highest standards of personal honor and integrity. At all times, they will show a sincere respect and concern for the well-being of fellow classmates. As a future leader, you will begin to understand, appreciate, and acquire military knowledge, and the military advisors on campus will help you to gain a deep respect for military order and organization. Part of your military indoctrination is learning that privileges must be earned and that willful mistakes do carry negative consequences. You will start to recognize and appreciate examples of good leadership in and outside the Corps, and when it is your time to lead those examples will provide a foundation for your own leadership style. In academics, you will be supported and encouraged to excel, and you will become familiar with the great resources that exist on and off campus to contribute to your academic success. Every cadet will receive training in effective learning strategies and time management, skills which are crucial in maintaining the rigorous schedule and demands of Corps life. In addition to the cadet’s military and academic activities, physical development will also play a key part in this year’s agenda. All cadets will be challenged to surpass their own personal physical expectations, and they will be motivated to embrace competition and show a winning spirit in sports and all else they attempt. Every cadet will become a valuable member of a team, who can be counted on to dependably hold a position, on the sports field and off. But the most important part of the Fourth Class year is the value and respect the cadet will learn for the Citadel Honor Code. The Honor Code is first and foremost in every cadet’s life, and guides the Corps in all it does. You will embrace it with devotion, and it will become the foundation of moral integrity to build your life. C adet development paths T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 26
  29. 29. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 27
  30. 30. Third Class Year “Stepping Out” By now, you have learned the ground rules of loyal followership and the time has come for you to wear the mantle of a junior leader. Your responsibility will be to mentor the knobs under you. You will lead them by good example, motivate them to succeed, and guide them to make right decisions. At all times, you will treat your knobs with fairness and respect their dignity, and in this process you will become a role model that they can imitate. You will taste the true rewards of leadership when you have earned the respect of your subordinates. The third-class year has its special challenges, too, for while you must maintain your own academic standing and attend to your personal duties, at the same time you will be closely monitoring your knobs’ steady progress. Academics will take on a new meaning. In this year, all cadets will choose their major program of study, and they will begin to appreciate to a greater extent than ever how the life-long pursuit of knowledge is crucial to our survival as a nation and as a species. In the classroom, and in the laboratory, cadets will be tested to think and argue critically, to sharpen and strengthen their planning skills, and to meet hard questions head on without wavering. These experiences are designed to dispel doubt and help the cadet to gain a new sense of self-confidence and personal esteem. As a junior leader, the cadet will constantly strive to grow into a person who is worthy of being admired by peers and subordinates. There will be many opportunities for you to acquire and practice the new skills and knowledge that will increase your self-confidence. These activities may take the form of extramural sports, school clubs, or community service – all of which will test and inspire you to exceed your own limits and demonstrate the strength of character that distinguishes an individual as a Citadel graduate. C adet development paths “[The] ‘responsibility keystone’ is the further development of your own character and sense of integrity: the opportu- nity to take charge; to ensure the attainment of standards; to relish success in a spirit of teamwork; and, when things went wrong, the capability to admit candidly to a mistake without self-serving rationalization, and to show fortitude in taking positive and corrective action to overcome mistakes and to preclude their recurrence.” Major General James A. Grimsley, USA (Ret.), former President, The Citadel T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 28
  31. 31. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 29
  32. 32. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 30
  33. 33. Second Class Year “Taking Charge” This year you take the reins of team leadership. Last year you gained valuable experience as a mentor, and now you will be given greater responsibility for team development. This increased trust that will be placed in you comes with a higher level of accountability for your own actions and those of your subordinates. Your field of focus will now expand from your own company to the entire Corps, and this will be joined with a significantly wider scope of professional activities you will engage in. Naturally, you will continue to inspire, motivate, and mentor the third and fourth classes, but in addition to this you must hone your decision-making skills and develop strategic thinking in order to help establish and attain the goals that the company will set for itself. You will be aided in this by reflecting on the models of leadership you have experienced at The Citadel, and at this stage you will start to develop your own identity as a principled leader. You will be guided by the firm belief that effective leadership is built on a foundation of personal moral integrity and an unaffected concern for the care and progress of the cadets you are entrusted to lead. Inacademics,thesecond-classyearwillbemarkedbyamuchdeeperpenetrationinto thecadet’sareaofmajorstudy.Cadetswillassumemoreresponsibilityfortheirownacademic progressandbechallengedtobroadenunderstandingoftheirsubjectbeyondsimple proficiency.Itisexpectedthatatthistimesecond-classcadetswillsetastandardforthemselves ofprofessionalexcellenceinacademics,justastheyhaveinmilitarymatters. This year you will learn to delegate responsibility, and in the process your supervisory skills will be sharpened. A very important component of this is the chain of command structure, which must be understood and respected in spirit and letter if the Corps is to function smoothly. And while it goes without saying that at all times the Honor Code will be observed, as importantly, you must become a living example of it to others. The second-class is constantly on the lookout for ways to improve the management and morale of the Corps as a whole, for the well- being of The Citadel is its primary concern. C adet development paths T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 31
  34. 34. First Class Year “Leading the Way” Though you’re close to your goal, this year could be the toughest one yet. All eyes will be on you, from the President to the knobs. You will be the first cadet link on the Chain of Command. It will be your responsibility to communicate the President’s intentions to the Corps and make sure that they are carried out. You will embody the Citadel Spirit and be a living role model for the other classes. By now, you will know how to anticipate problems and prevent them from growing. Your abilities to prioritize tasks and delegate responsibility will be refined, and you will be answerable for everything done under your orders. At the end of the year, you will have proven that you can be trusted with a position of leadership, as either a civilian or military officer. Academics have been just one part of The Citadel Experience, maybe the most important one, and this year you will continue to push hard in your studies. You have learned that success in life depends on seeing a job well done from beginning to end, and this year will confirm that you can run the course. You will have prepared the ground for a smooth transition when the time comes for you to transfer your position in the Corps to your replacement in the rising first class. The cadets under your supervision will have been received clear instructions about their new roles and duties. Your mission in the Corps will soon be concluded, but because of your hard work and dedication the Corps will live on. The Citadel has been both a home and a way of life for you. It is a place that you will have a lifelong attachment to, and it is a process that has inspired you to lead a life of integrity, excellence, and service to others and the nation. The Citadel has made you a principled leader. C adet development paths “There are no secrets to success. Don’t waste time looking for them. Success is the result of perfection, hard work, learning from failure, loyalty to those for whom you work and persistence.” Colin Powell, Army General and Secretary of State T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 32
  35. 35. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 33 Citadel Tradition Keeping the promise of the future by moving the old way forward. Citadel Pride Shared challenges, inspired beliefs, and mutual respect bond us to The Citadel now and forever.
  36. 36. T H E C I T A D E L L E A D E R S H I P D E V E L O P M E N T M O D E L 34 The Citadel • 171 Moultrie Street • Charleston, SC 29409

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