THE IMPACT OF EXTENSION SERVICE ON COCOA PRODUCTION IN THE AMANSIE WEST DISTRICT BY AMANKWAAH, RICHARD Final year presentation 20th NOVEMBER, 2012.
CHAPTER ONE : INTRODUCTION• Background to the study• In Ghana, cocoa contributes to 14% of GDP.• 40-50 million people depend upon cocoa for their livelihood.• About 90%-95% of all cocoa is produced by small holder farmers. Problem statement• Problems in the cocoa industry have been attributed to ineffective extension service delivery (Akinnagbe and Ajayi, 2011).• Inadequate logistics for change agents.• Knowledge on the role extension service provides will help curtail these lapses.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS1. What services do extension providers render?2. What changes have these service providers broughtto the cocoa sector?3. What gaps are left unattended by these serviceproviders?4. How do farmers value these interventions by thestakeholders?OBJECTIVESthe main objective is to assess the impact of agriculturalextension service on cocoa production.
Specifically, the study will be designed:1.To find out the services extension providers render.2. To evaluate changes in production levels due to the interventions.3. To assess the effects of these gaps on cocoa production.4. To assess farmers perception of interventions by the stakeholders.JUSTIFICATION OF THE STUDY1.Ghana achieved 1million tons of cocoa in 2012.2.Ghana wants to attain MIC status by 2015.3. Such target cannot be realised if extension service is not improved (Jarkata,1986).
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHOLOGY3.1 Sampling procedureA two stage random sampling technique will be employed. Random sampling will first be used to select four communities and then select the cocoa farmers.3.2 Research InstrumentsBoth primary and secondary data will be used. For primary data, structured questionnaires will be designed and administered. Secondary data will be obtained from relevant sources such as COCOBOD etc
3.3 Data Collection ProcedureSemi- structured and structured interviews will be conductedto 200 cocoa farmers in the district where the questionnaireswill also be administered personally in Akan whiles Englishwill be used when necessary.3.4 METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS3.4.1 Descriptive Statistics Descriptive tools like frequencies, percentages, pie-chart, bar graphs etc will be used.
LIST OF REFERENCES• Ajayi O. and Akinnagbe W. (2011). Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development. Volume 4 Number 2. Retrieved February 15, 2012, from http//www.academicjournals.org.• Van Den Ban A. W. and Hawkins H. S. (1988). Agricultural Extension: 1st edition, Longman Scientific and Technical Inc, Pp. 13-14.• Duffour, K. (2010). Budget Statement and Economic Policy of the Government of Ghana for the 2011 Financial Year. Retrieved April 26, 2010, from http//www.ghanaweb.com.
REFERENCES CONT’D• Jone, M. (1994). Extension Alternatives in Tropical Africa: 2nd edition, Overseas Development Institute, Pp. 18 - 22.• Odell M. J. JR. (1986). Investing in Rural Extension: 1st edition, Gwyn E. J. (Editor). Elsevier Applied Science Publishers, Pp. 169 - 172.• Oakley P. and Garforth C. (1985). Guide to Extension Training: 3rd edition, Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations. Pp. 92 – 93.