Interlegis Program in Brazil: Use of Web 2.0, Collaborative Tools and Free Software in Legislative Power


Published on

Article presented as poster at V International Conference on theory And Practice of Electronic Governance - V ICEGOV, in Tallinn, Estonia.

Published in: Technology, Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Interlegis Program in Brazil: Use of Web 2.0, Collaborative Tools and Free Software in Legislative Power

  1. 1. Interlegis Program in Brazil: Use of Web 2.0, Collaborative Tools and Free Software in Legislative Power MATHEUS, Ricardo, CRANTSCHANINOV, Tamara Ilinsky & NERLING, Marcelo Arno University of São Paulo – USP & GETULIO VARGAS FOUNDATION - FGV ABSTRACT pointed, with its production technique, important and fruitful discussions thatSince the 80s, education (training, education and training per se) in the have transformed the environment in a span of activity conducted in regularlegislative context meant the employee training standards and rules arising education classroom without any social interaction.from the specific laws of "home" legislation. Analogous to the process of There are currently three: the GIAL (Interlegis Legislative Advisorystructural changes in economy and politics in the late 80s, Brazil also Group), the GITEC (Interlegis Technology Group) and GICOM (Interlegispromoted the modernization of their legislative houses. Through funding from Communications Group). Therefore, InterLegis seeks to create greaterthe Interamerican Development Bank, it was possible to promote the program integration of the legislative power through more intensive use of informationInterLegis. The objective of this program was the modernization and technology, internet and the concept of virtual community as a way to improveintegration of the Legislature in its federal, state and municipal levels and the performance of legislators and legislative houses.promoting greater transparency and interaction with society that Power. Soon Another positive point of InterLegis is the use and distribution of open sourcebecame apparent that the model open, collaborative and open management of software, as an economic advantage to the Public Administration. Anknowledge and information InterLegis was an innovative model, but above important factor is the possession of source code, allowing customization ofall, there were still limits and challenges to the Legislature and can education applications according to the needs of each legislative house user. Inand development of officials and parliamentarians of the Legislative Houses. addition, the Legislative Houses encourages Interlegis to regularize theirThis article will seek to identify the limits and challenges of improving this technology platforms, migrating to open source software, preventing uneveninnovative model of using free software and web-based collaborative software licenses.environment and information and communication technologies. Result of the characteristics of use of Web 2.0, collaborative tools like wikis andMethodologically this article is structured from a previous exploratory also the voluntary collaboration based on trust, there are the communities ofresearch, checking conditions and models of InterLegis, besides the networks GIAL, GITEC and GICOM. These communities are basically aparticipation of the authors within the mailing lists and use of information InterLegis strategy to provide environments to exchange of information andpackets and applications available on the web environment of the program. It knowledge through the use of ICTs, because as noted above, thewas performed an exploratory research the topic of collaborative scientific methodological difficulties and financial resources to knowledge productionproduction, electronic government and electronic governance and the use of by old methods, such as classroom and textbooks do not meeting the goals thatfree software by government, where they found several articles and texts. As a the program had to meet all the national territory.further step was made a theoretical framework on these themes that helpedformulate the analysis of the limits and challenges of the open Limits and challenges of Interlegis Modelmodel, collaborative and open management of knowledge and information The search for technical improvement from the exchange ofInterLegis. information, provided by the use of the System InterLegis, can be framed asKeywords : Free Software, Web 2.0, Collaborative Tools, Legislative one of their own objectives of the new public management models, especiallyPower, Brazil. when dealing with the New Public Management - NPM. Discussions on the reform of the traditional state fell on the possibilities of having a more efficientIntroduction and effective, based on results, not on processes. In this context, theEducation - formation, training and continuing education – at the legislative communication system for the improvement of public bureaucracy is clearlycontext has meaning only a meager training of the servers / staff / ruled by the new model for reform. Access to information, as detailed by Pócommissioners, according to specific “in-House” standards. The and Prado [4], is a recent agenda, of the 1990, that comes to increase theprofessionalization of human resources, the integrated transparency of governments and thus enhance accountability. In sum, we canwork, modernization, transparency and interaction with society in the consider that the InterLegis system has ideological framework withinlegislative houses of local, state and own Senate and House of Representatives government to be developed and a task for the consolidation of emerging brazilian young democracy. Despite of being in the wave of transparency and accountability that cameWe point to the currents and trends of global thinking and local levels that from the 1990s, the limits of the system are still huge. It is not known whetherform the agenda for the management of the legislature in Democratic State of the information circulates evenly throughout the country, reaching isolatedRight, to the achievement of the modernization of the national legislature. We areas that really need technical support and training. Thus, the interaction isspeak of the construction of e-Legislature in Brazil. In Brazil, the wave of often restricted to a few localities, and even fewer servers, which are evidentmodernization of the legislature came through the InterLegis Program, whose during the discussions and constrain new actors to participate in the exchangeproblem is modernization and integration of the Legislature in its federal, state of information and problem resolution. These are problems that concern anyand municipal levels and to promote greater transparency and interaction of sphere of public administration, because it is the coexistence and humanthat Power with society. relationships. Just as it is necessary to articulate solutions to these dilemmas in real life, you also need to think about strategies for living in the virtualThe case Interlegis in Brazil network.The Interlegis is the product of an integrated process for modernization of the It is important, at a broader view, recognize access to information as anational legislature. The idea was the institutionalization of a Participation and condition sine qua non of democracy. Thus, the exchange of experiencesIntegration Net of the Legislative within a Program for Reform and facilitates transparency and accountability, both with respect to horizontalModernization of the State and Parliament. The goal was to articulate (internally to the government) and its vertical (government to society) ofinternally the legislature and also the actual integration of civil society in a accountability. But to actually be an instrument to control society, we mustcontinuous, effective and transparent, public, republican, how could be include and provide access to channels of InterLegis to population, under theexpected. The advances in technology and its focus on the legislature allowed risk of having the insulation of the information, creating again an technocraticthe formation of the Integration of the Legislative, with a contract signed on cycle in public bureaucracy.27/07/1999, worth $ 50 million. Fifty per cent financed by the IDB and $ 25million remaining, as national counterpart. The execution of the contract wastumultuous.In essence, the process of modernization of the Legislature was beingimplemented on the idea of virtual community, with a view to forming anational law system that would improve communication and information flowamong legislators, with more efficiency and competence of the legislativehouses.The Experience more consecrating of GIAL List - Legislative Advisory GroupInterlegis - was the participation of students of Public Policy Management ofUniversity of Sao Paulo in this environment. All the academics attending thecourse Legislative and Public Policy Management, taught by ProfessorMarcelo Arno Nerling, were welcomed by the List and locked in a virtualenvironment very close contact with the real issues of national legislative and