Land Grabbing and Forest Conflict         in Cambodia    Yurdi Yasmi, Lisa Kelley, David Gritten, James              Bampt...
Land Issuehttp://www.licadho-cambodia.org/pressrelease.php?perm=269
Trends of land disputeSource: NGO Forum on Cambodia, 2010
Source: http://www.licadho-cambodia.org/land2012/map-carving_up_cambodia-march2012.jpg
Policy framework• Land law 2001; Sub-decree 146/2005 on ELCs• Main purpose: economic growth,  employment, equity and socia...
Policy framework•   CF emerged in early 1990•   Forestry Law 2002 recognizes CF•   Sub-decree on CF 2002•   Sub-decree on ...
Kampong Speu                       Conflict over land between                      ELCs and Community ForestsSource: http:...
The case of Kampong SpeuCommunity                       Mining company•   In the process of CF        • Received concessio...
Negative Impacts     Anxiety and fear     Disharmony     Distrust     High costs     Environmental     Degradation
Positive Impacts      Stronger     Increased    Pressure for      collective   awareness    tenure clarity      action    ...
Lessons learned & implications for                SFM• Ambiguous property rights; legal policies vs.  de facto local fores...
Thank youFor further information please contact              Yurdi Yasmi          yurdi@recoftc.org           www.recoftc....
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Land Grabbing and Conflict in Cambodia

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RECOFTC presentation at IUFRO Editorial Workshop, April 2012

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  • This is part of RECOFTC’s regional wide research on forests and land conflict in Asia involving 6 countries: Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Thailand and Vietnam The case of Cambodia is extremely interesting in highlighting how efforts to achieve SFM at local level through Community Forestry being hindered by unfavorable land use policies The case illustrates policy framework and governance but also looks into livelihoods and natural resource aspects
  • Land has become a contested resource in Cambodia in recent years due to rapid economic development policy Conflict over land is reported regularly in popular media Many of those conflict also involve violence
  • A study by NGO Forum on Cambodia records the numbers and frequencies of land conflict over the year In general, there is an increased in terms of number and intensity of the conflict Many of those conflicts are over agricultural land (53%), residential land (24%) and forest land (10%)
  • This is the land concession map recently released showing that almost 4 million ha have been handed over to Economic Land Concessions (ELC), mainly rubber plantation, and mining concessions This is 22% of the total land area of Cambodia Quite a number of those concessions overlap with protection forests and nature reserves
  • Land Grabbing and Conflict in Cambodia

    1. 1. Land Grabbing and Forest Conflict in Cambodia Yurdi Yasmi, Lisa Kelley, David Gritten, James Bampton, Edwin Payuan
    2. 2. Land Issuehttp://www.licadho-cambodia.org/pressrelease.php?perm=269
    3. 3. Trends of land disputeSource: NGO Forum on Cambodia, 2010
    4. 4. Source: http://www.licadho-cambodia.org/land2012/map-carving_up_cambodia-march2012.jpg
    5. 5. Policy framework• Land law 2001; Sub-decree 146/2005 on ELCs• Main purpose: economic growth, employment, equity and social justice• ELCs granted by the MAFF• Area cannot exceed 10,000 ha• Maximum contract 99 years
    6. 6. Policy framework• CF emerged in early 1990• Forestry Law 2002 recognizes CF• Sub-decree on CF 2002• Sub-decree on guidelines for CF (Prakas) 2006• CF can be granted for 15 years
    7. 7. Kampong Speu Conflict over land between ELCs and Community ForestsSource: http://www.licadho-cambodia.org/land2012/map-carving_up_cambodia-march2012.jpg
    8. 8. The case of Kampong SpeuCommunity Mining company• In the process of CF • Received concession from development with Forestry Ministry of Industry, Mine Administration (FA) and Energy (MIME)• Clearing on “my land” • Land clearing (legal permit), backed by the military• Noise, pollution, damage to trees and garden • Company stopped operation• Asking for compensation, protests, seized bulldozer
    9. 9. Negative Impacts Anxiety and fear Disharmony Distrust High costs Environmental Degradation
    10. 10. Positive Impacts Stronger Increased Pressure for collective awareness tenure clarity action for forest protection
    11. 11. Lessons learned & implications for SFM• Ambiguous property rights; legal policies vs. de facto local forest management• Coordination among government bodies• Cultural importance of forests
    12. 12. Thank youFor further information please contact Yurdi Yasmi yurdi@recoftc.org www.recoftc.org

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