The Olivet Prophecy Purpose: to understand the main points of the Olivet Prophecy given by Jesus Christ Scheme: 1. Viewpoints 2. The Mosaic system 3. First Century fulfillment 4. Daniel and timeframes 5. Latter Days ...discussion 1 Which interpretation? Preterist? • Fulfilled in the 1st Century • Consequence: we are looking back at the fulfillment. Futurist? • Fulfilled when Jesus comes back • Consequence: we are waiting for the fulfillment Continuous (Historic)? • Starts from the 1st Century, to the time when Jesus returns • Consequence: Jesus’s words relevant to his hearers and to us now 2The most desirable explanation for us should take in all the factors. Only the cont. Hist. explanation does this. This also ﬁtswith a lot of other prophets who addressed multi-focused views of events.
Measure of a Prophet “And if thou say in thy heart, How shall we know the word which the LORD hath not spoken? When a prophet speaketh in the name of the LORD, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which the LORD hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously: thou shalt not be afraid of him.” Deuteronomy 18:21-22 3 The Comments and Questions of the Disciples and response of Jesus Matthew T us, when shall these things be? and what shall be ell the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world? Mark T us, when shall these things be? and what shall be ell the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled? Luke ...when shall these things be? and what sign will there be when these things shall come to pass? 4Lk and Mk concern themselves with the ﬁrst part (the more 1st C part) of Jesusʼs answer, Matt concerns the more distant aspect of the latter-day events before Jesusʼs parousia.Parousia means physical presence and was a term used of visiting kings and royal dignitaries.Matt 24:3, Matt 24:27, Matt 24:37, Matt 24:39
Matt 23:37O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets,and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how oftenwould I have gathered thy children together, even as ahen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and yewould not!Behold, your house is left unto you desolate. for I sayunto you, Ye shall not see me henceforth, till ye shallsay, Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord. 5Remember this story? (see Mark 12:41-44; Luke 21:2-3) 6
Question of the Disciples: The Beginning of the Troubles •False Christs •Wars and Rumours of wars •Natural Disasters •Persecutions •Gospel preached in all the “world”. 7Jesus begins his discourse by warning the disciples of what donʼt constitute signs of either the end of the temple age or the end of the age, butwhich show the build-up to the end and ultimately when he returns. Therefore he says “then comes the end”.Note how Luke separates the The events he relates here are a general description of the intervening time to the destruction of Jerusalem andagain of his coming.During his description of wars and rumors of wars, Jesus adds, "but the end is not yet" (Matt. 24:6; Mark 13:7) and its equivalent, "the end willnot “is not by and by”/NIV will not come right away" (Luke 21:9). In the context of the question by the disciples, this "end" must mean the end ofthe age.7 False Christs, wars, natural disasters, and persecutions are not unique to the end of the age only.They are characteristics of this present age.8 With regard to the question to which Jesus is responding, therefore, these are false signs of the end of the age. False Christs • Theudas- claimed the waters of the Jordan would divide • In the time of Felix- impostors put to death every day • An Egyptian claimed that the walls of Jerusalem would fall for him • Simon, a sorcerer, said he was the great power of God (See Acts 8). Irenaeus- claimed to be the Son of God and creator of angels. Jerome- claimed to be the Word of God, the Almighty. Justin- went to Rome and was acclaimed as a god by his magical powers. • Origen- Dositheus claimed he was the Christ foretold by Moses. • Barchochebas, Jerome- claimed to vomit flames. • Bar-jesus Acts 13:6 a sorcerer and false prophet. 8The idea of false Christ is something that began with the 1st C Ecc. and then came down through history- this is the verypoint of the small horn in Dan and the harlot system in Rev.
"And many false prophets shall rise, and shall deceive many ...but he that shall endure unto the end, the same shall be saved" (Mt. 24:11,13). • "false prophets" (2 Peter 2). • "Many false prophets are gone out into the world" (l John 4:1). • "Many deceivers are entered into the world" (2 John 7). • "false apostles, deceitful workers" (2 Cor. 11:13). Hymenaeus and Philetus taught false doctrines, overthrew the faith of some (2 Tim. 2:17, 18). • "many...deceivers ...who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not" (Titus 1:10, 11). • "But he that shall endure [such things] until the end, the same shall be saved" (Mt. 24:13)— both now and hereafter. "end" here in a general sense, unlike the word in verses 6 and 14, this doesn’t have the definite article (“the”) in Greek.(Mt. 24:11,13). Peter, (present when Jesus gave this prophecy- Mk. 13:3), later wrote about "false prophets" that had risenand of "many" that followed their pernicious ways (2 Peter 2). John, who also heard Jesus give this prophecy, recorded thefulﬁlment: "Many false prophets are gone out into the world" (l John 4:1). "Many deceivers are entered into the world" (2John 7).Paul also spoke of "false apostles, deceitful workers" (2 Cor. 11:13). He mentioned Hymenaeus and Philetus who taughtfalse doctrines and overthrew the faith of some (2 Tim. 2:17, 18). By the time of his epistle to Titus, there were"many...deceivers ...who subvert whole houses, teaching things which they ought not" (Titus 1:10, 11).The waters of truth were muddied by betrayals, false prophets, iniquity, and the love of many waxing cold. "But he thatshall endure [such things] until the end, the same shall be saved" (Mt. 24:13)—both now and hereafter. We understand"end" here in a general sense, for unlike the use of this word in verses 6 and 14, this reference does not have the deﬁnitearticle in the Gr WARS AND RUMORS OF WARS Before the fall of Jerusalem, four Emperors within 18 months Nero (committed suicide in 68) Galba (died violently 69) Otho (died violently 69) Vitellius (committed suicide 69) Tacitus: a Roman (Just before 70 A.D) "Disturbances in Germany," "commotions in Africa," "commotions in Thrace," "insurrections in Gaul," "intrigues among the Parthians," "the war in Britain," "war in Armenia." Among the Jews, In Seleucia, 50,000 Jews were killed. There was an uprising against them in Alexandria. In a battle between the Jews and Syrians in Caesarea, 20,000 were killed. Caligula ordered his statue placed in the temple at Jerusalem. The Jews refused to do this and lived in constant fear that the Emperors armies would be sent into Palestine. This fear became so real that some of them did not even bother to till their fields.The instability of Rome in the years immediately following Jesusʼs death where a sign of the destruction of Jerusalem.Many believers met their deaths at the hands of Nero the ﬁrst of the emperors of the “year of four emperors”.
Nation against nation Mat 24:7; Mk 13:8; Lk 21:10 • See a historic shadow in the words of Azariah son of Obed which Asa read (941 BC)- 2 Chr 15:3-7 • Note (v4) “but when they in their trouble did turn unto Yahweh the God of Israel and sought him, he was found of them” • God’s objective (that Israel might accept Him) is still the same in the New Testament. FAMINES, PESTILENCES, EARTHQUAKES • Famine (Acts 11:28). Judea hard hit. "The disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt in Judaea" (verse 29). Pauls instructions in 1 Corinthians 16:1-5; Rom. 15:25-28. – Suetonius and others- a famine during those years. – Tacitus- "failure in the crops, and a famine consequent thereupon.” – Eusebius- famines during this time in Rome, Judea, and Greece. • Jesus mentioned pestilence (plagues, spread of disease, epidemics). – Suetonius- "pestilence" at Rome in the days of Nero which was so severe that "within the space of one autumn there died no fewer than 30,000 persons." – Josephus records that pestilences raged in Babylonia in A. D. 40. – Tacitus pestilences in Italy in A. D. 65. 12There was famine "throughout all the world...in the days of Claudius Caesar (Acts 11:28). Judea was especially hard hit byfamine. "The disciples, every man according to his ability, determined to send relief unto the brethren which dwelt inJudaea" (verse 29). Pauls instructions concerning this "collection [of fruit] for the saints" is recorded in First Corinthians16:1-5; Rom. 15:25-28.Suetonius and others mention a famine during those years. Tacitus speaks of a "failure in the crops, and a famineconsequent thereupon." Eusebius also mentions famines during this time in Rome, Judea, and Greece.Jesus mentioned pestilence; that is, plagues, the spread of disease, epidemics. Suetonius wrote of "pestilence" at Rome inthe days of Nero which was so severe that "within the space of one autumn there died no less than 30,000 persons."Josephus records that pestilences raged in Babylonia in A. D. 40. Tacitus tells of pestilences in Italy in A. D. 65.
PERSECUTION AGAINST THE DISCIPLES (Acts) • 4:3-18 "And they laid hands on [Peter and John]...put them in prison” • 5:18-41. Certain authorities put the apostles in prison • 6.9-12 There arose certain of the "synagogue" disputed with Steven. "...not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spoke” • 7. Steven killed for his stand (verses 54-60). • 8. "...great persecution against the ecclesia." result: the word preached (verses 1-4). • 16:22-34, Paul, Silas beaten, cast into prison. (Acts 21)- persecution- Paul beaten, brought before rulers, testifies before them • 22:19 Christians were "imprisoned and beaten in every Synagogue.” • 24, Paul before Felix. Given a mouth of wisdom, adversaries could not gainsay—though they obtained an orator against him. Pauls words made Felix "tremble." • 25 and 26, Paul before Agrippa, chief captains, principal men of the city. Given a mouth of wisdom, Agrippa: "Almost thou persuadest me to be a Christian" (verse 28). 13Note the mention of “synagogues” cf Mk 13:9, Lk 21:12 and here in Acts 6 Gospel preached to all the world • Apostles hated by because they preached in all nations (Acts 17:6; 24:5) • Paul- the gospel preached !to “every creature under heaven” (Colossians 1:5-6, 23). !“made known to all nations” (Rom 16:25-26) • ! Matthew 24:14, “preach”- future tense; Colossians 1:23 “preach”- past tense. • Colossians 62AD, 8 years before Jerusalem was destroyed. • ! Romans’ faith spoken of throughout the whole world (Rom 1:5,8) • Paul traveled through Asia Minor, Greece, and Crete. Also the other apostles preached the gospel to everyone (Acts 8:1-5,14,25); within thirty years, ecclesias established in all these regions (Acts 9:31). 14
3. The Sign of the Destruction of Jerusalem and the End of Temple Worship Luke’s focus Jerusalem surrounded by armies The flight and distress From then on: Times of the Gentiles 15Lukes focus is on the end of the temple age.He covers more detail about what leads up to the end of the apostlesʼ ageHe slots in the comment about “times of the Gentiles”Luke then jumps into a description of the end of the age with the “heavenly” signsLook at Luke 21:27- at that time, this is all about the “end of the age”. The Fall of Jerusalem 16
Cosmic events: 2 Sun, Moon, Stars Gen 37:9-11-Jacob’s family 1 Kings 8:23, 27, 36, 43 Temple Institutions (and throughout the ch.)- Heaven relates to earth like God’s relationship with Israel through the temple Joel 2:10, 31- Trumpet sound in Zion Day of Yahweh 19Bro Thomas interprets the Sun etc to be the fall of the worldʼs political systems. Poss. it relates to the fall of the Jewish system of worship andthen this is ampliﬁed at the end of this age to extend to the world in general. Cosmic events: 2 Sun, Moon, Stars Isa 13:10-13-Judgement on the world Judgement on Babylon and the world Heb 8: 5, 13; 12:26-29- The Mosaic Covenant served a heavenly model, Israel refused him who spoke from earth (Moses), so let us not refuse him who spoke from heaven (God through Jesus). 20Bro Thomas interprets the Sun etc to be the fall of the worldʼs political systems. Poss. it relates to the fall of the Jewish system of worship andthen this is ampliﬁed at the end of this age to extend to the world in general.
2 Peter 3:10-13 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. 11 Seeing then that all theseWritten 68 AD things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, 12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on ﬁre shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? 212 Peter 3:10-13 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. 11 Seeing then that all theseWritten 68 AD things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, 12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on ﬁre shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? 22
2 Peter 3:10-13 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. Hebrews 5:12 “first 11 Seeing then that all theseprinciples/rudiments” ; also things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye Col 2:20 “rudiments” to be in all holy conversation and godliness, 12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on ﬁre shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? 23 24
1 Day = 1 Year Le 25:8 And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years. Nu 14:34 After the number of the days in which ye searched the land, even forty days, each day for a year, shall ye bear your iniquities, even forty years, and ye shall know my breach of promise. Eze 4:6 And when thou hast accomplished them, lie again on thy right side, and thou shalt bear the iniquity of the house of Judah forty days: I have appointed thee each day for a year. 25 70 weeks Prophecy Daniel 9 Dan 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy. First Advent Purpose Heb 2: 17 finish the transgression Second Advent make an end of Sins Jer 23: 6 make reconciliation for iniquity bring in everlasting righteousness to seal up the vision and prophecy 26Note how there is a double focus in this proph. like the Olivet.
Six clauses about Messiah “transgression” (pasha) finished “sin” (chatah) ended Iniquity (avah) reconciled/atoned for Bring in everlasting righteousness Seal up vision/prophecy Anoint Holy of Holies 27 Jesus Christ and Sin Lev 4:20, 26 Animal Sacrifices gained forgiveness only for individual sins- specific John 1: 29 Jesus took away the sin of the world- general 28
Dan 9:25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times. Messiah the PrinceRestore Jerusalem Luke 19: 37-40 AD 32 Ezra 9:6-15 BC 445 7 weeks + 62 weeks= 69 weeks, 69 weeks of 7 days= 483 days, 483 x 360 (day/years)=173880, 445 BC+ 173880 days= AD 32 29 Dan 9:25 Know therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and Restoration of Jerusalem threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.Restore Jerusalem (Ezra, Nehemaiah) Ezra 9:6-15 BC 445 7 (sevens/weeks) takes us to Ezra and Nehemaiah’s time (49 yrs. later) 30
!"#)#2+)#$."#$#:6*.$0/;#)$+2$,63-$2)+;$."#$,#*)##$.+$Z#--&6"$."#$V)&0*#$[$IQ?$:$?C]$[$GR?QQ]$,63-<$ !"#$,#*)##$3$P).6:#):#-$$96-$;6,#$Z6)*"$2+/).##0."$II>$%=<$P,,$GR?QQ]$,63-<$%)&01-$3+/$.+$PM)&($-&:."$?B$PK$$ _)$."#$T#)#9$,6.#$G]."$W&-60<$!"&-$96-$*#).&2&#,$3$6-.)+0+;&*6($*6(*/(6.&+0-$6.$."#$%)&.&-"$_-#)O6.+)3$$ !TF$KP!F$8FY`Y$X_KF$LW!_$8FX`YPSFZ$_W$P$K_WaFbc$$Y##$d#*"$@D@<$!"#$O#)3$,6.#$8#-/-$,#*(6)#,$"#$96-$Z#--&6"<$ Y##$S/5#$G@D?RHI]<$L2$."+/$"6,-.$50+90N$#O#0$."+/N$6.$(#6-.$&0$."&-$."3$,63N$."#$."&01-$9"&*"$#(+01$/0.+$."3$M#6*#c$ $ 31 $ $ !?##@%.#-,(*+#()+**05&+*#-%.#(&#**<0#0)-77#9*004-)#6*#5/(#&,,1#6/(#%&(#,&+#)420*7,=#-%.#()*#A*&A7*#&,#()*#A+4%5*# ()-(#0)-77#5&2*#0)-77#.*0(+&B#()*#54(B#-%.#()*#0-%5(/-+BC#-%.#()*#*%.#()*+*&,#0)-77#6*#4()#-#,7&&.1#-%.#/%(&#()*# *%.#&,#()*#-+#.*0&7-(4&%0#-+*#.*(*+24%*.># P2.#)$8#-/-$)+,#$&0.+$8#)/-6(#;$"#$96-$*)/*&2&#,<$!"#$*)/*&2&:&+0$"6MM#0#,$Pe!FX$."#$C@."$9##5<$Y##$O#)-#$BC$616&0<$ .)60-(6.+)-$,&,$W_!$*+0-&,#)$ ."&-$)/(#)$.+$#$."#$Z#--&6"<$$!"#$M#+M(#$9"+$,#-.)+3#,$."#$*&.3$60,$."#$.#;M(#$9#)#$."#$X+;60-$&0$PKR]<$!"#$ That’s plus the seven already mentioned Jesus crucified Romans under Titus Daniel 9:26 And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. Jerusalem and Sanctuary remains Roman attack of AD70 destroyed 32Unto the end of the war Jerusalem remained desolate for 2000 yrs
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hy Roman? They fit the iron of Nebuchadnezzar’s image (Dan 2, see also Dan 7) They destroyed the temple They oppressed the ecclesia They oppressed the Jews They morphed into a religious system (see Rev) which mimics the Truth 34
“the abomination... 27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. ...that makes desolate 35 Matthew, Mark and Luke 20 And when ye shall see Jerusalem compassed with armies, then know that the15 When ye therefore shall 14 But when ye shall see desolation thereof is nigh.see the abomination of the abomination of 21 Then let them which aredesolation, spoken of by desolation, spoken of by in Judaea flee to theDaniel the prophet, stand Daniel the prophet, mountains; and let themin the holy place, (whoso standing where it ought which are in the midst of itreadeth, let him not, (let him that readeth depart out; and let notunderstand:) 16 Then let understand,) then let them them that are in thethem which be in Judaea that be in Judaea flee to countries enter thereinto.flee into the mountains: the mountains: 22 For these be the days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. 36
The Abomination that makes desolate False worship occupies the temple site 37Matthew and Mark are concerned with this. It seems to have a direct application in Mk- “but when you see..., Matt when you shall see... Rev21:27 reverses the abomination by returning it to God. Note that Lukeʼs focus is the destruction of the temple Signs of the end of “the age” Dan 011:3 Antiochus Epiphanies 2nd Century BC 38
Signs of the end of “the age”Antiochus Epiphanies 1st Century 2nd Century BC 7 n 9:2 Da 39 Signs of the end of “the age”Antiochus Epiphanies 2nd Century BC 1st Century 2nd Coming 1 n 12:1 Da 40
So why is there such a break in time? 41 Because of “The breach” principle There might be a deferment of the realization of a promise, because of lack of faith Num 14: 34 you shall know my breach of promise Isa 48: 8 “...I will defer mine anger...” Heb 4: 3-9 ... Jesus had given them rest... The prophecies could have been realized in the 1st Century, but the Jews rejected Messiah So the expectations of the apostles contrast strongly with the long wait for Messiah So Heb 1: 2 may be referring to a very real expectation of Messiah 42
“...times of the gentiles... Lk 21:24 Ro 11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery, lest ye should be wise in your own conceits; that blindness in part is happened to Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in. 43The clocks stopped in the 69thweekThat’s when Messiah enteredthe city of JerusalemSo there is a huge gapbetween the 69th and 70thweekThis is the time between whenJesus first rode into Jerusalemand when he enters again. 44
“The Breach” 1st century Second coming Temple Destroyed Day of the Son of Man Birth pangs Parousia of the Son of Man Beginnings of troubles Desolating Sacrifice Warning- Don’t follow decievers 45 4. The Coming/ Parousia Of The Son of Man • The sign- the abomination of desolation (AD70 ) • The great tribulation (AD70 ) • False Christs of the great tribulation (AD70 ) • Heavenly signs • The Second Advent • The parable of the fig tree 46The special and true sign of the end of the age is the abomination that “makes desolate” this is also followed by other signs. This is a sign thatcommenced when the Romans destroyed and desecrated the temple. It has been perpetuated by the dome of the Rock. Remember that Christwas talking to people who would witness the desecration of the temple in AD70.
Overall view using the Matthew templateVerses 4-8 Verses 15-28 Lk 21:24 Verses 30-31 Verses 9-13 (Mat v 22; Mk v 20) Abomination/ end of the Mosaic system/Jewish commonwealth roubles 1/Natural disasters roubles 2/Persecution of End of our age/ Parousia Times of the Gentiles the disciples T T 47 Matt 24:29-30Immediately after thetribulation of those days That is of the first Centuryshall the sun be darkened,and the moon shall notgive her light, and the stars The Mosaic systemshall fall from heaven, and overturnedthe powers of the heavensshall be shaken:And then shall appear the That is of his coming; seesign of the Son of man in Dan 7:13; Acts 1:11; 2 Thes 1:7,heaven: and then shall all etcthe tribes of the earthmourn, and they shall seethe Son of man coming in Fulfillment of Zech 12:10the clouds of heaven withpower and great glory. 48
The Coming/ Parousia1Cor 16:17 ...the coming of Stephanas and Fortunatus andAchaicus:2 Cor 7:6 ...the coming of Titus2 Cor 10:10 ...his bodily presence is weakPhil 1:26 ...by my coming to you againPhil 2:12 ...not as in my presence only 49The Coming/ Parousia of The Son of Man• Mt 24:3* And as he sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying, T us, when shall these things be? and what ell shall be the sign of thy coming, and of the end of the world?• Mt 24:27 For as the lightning cometh out of the east, and shineth even unto the west; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be.• Mt 24:30 And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.• Mt 24:39 And knew not until the flood came, and took them all away; so shall also the coming of the Son of man be. 50
This generation shall not pass awayThose believers here now, will not pass awayuntil all the things about Jerusalem would befullfilledNote “heaven” and “earth”- remember 2 Peter 3 51 2 Peter 3:10-13 10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up. 11 Seeing then that all these Written 68 AD things shall be dissolved, what manner of persons ought ye to be in all holy conversation and godliness, 12 Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of God, wherein the heavens being on ﬁre shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat? 52
The Parable of the fig tree Lu 21:31 So likewise ye, when ye see these things come to pass, know ye that the kingdom of God is nigh at Used allegorically in Jud 9:11; also see Jer 24:2,3; Lk 13:6-9; Rev 6:13 53
Parallel Gospels The Olivet Prophecy 1. The Comment of the Disciples and response of Jesus Matt 24 Mark 13 Luke 211 And Jesus went out, and departed 1 And as he went out of the temple, 5 And as some spake of thefrom the temple: and his disciples one of his disciples saith unto him, temple, how it was adorned withcame to him for to shew him the Master, see what manner of stones goodly stones and gifts, he said,buildings of the temple. and what buildings are here! 6 As for these things which ye 2 And Jesus said unto them, See 2 And Jesus answering said unto behold, the days will come, in theye not all these things? verily I say him, Seest thou these great which there shall not be left oneunto you, There shall not be left buildings? there shall not be left one stone upon another, that shall nothere one stone upon another, that stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.shall not be thrown down. be thrown down. 2. Question of the Disciples: Temple Destroyed 3 And as he sat upon the mount of 3 And as he sat upon the mount of 7 And they asked him, saying,Olives, the disciples came unto him Olives over against the temple, Master, but when shall these thingsprivately, saying, Tell us, when shall Peter and James and John and be? and what sign will there bethese things be? and what shall be Andrew asked him privately, when these things shall come tothe sign of thy coming, and of the 4 Tell us, when shall these things pass?end of the world? be? and what shall be the sign when all these things shall be fulfilled? 3. The Beginning of the TroublesFalse Christs: False Christs: False Christs: 4 ¶ And Jesus answered and said 5 ¶ And Jesus answering them 8 And he said, Take heed that yeunto them, Take heed that no man began to say, Take heed lest any be not deceived: for many shalldeceive you. man deceive you: come in my name, saying, I am 5 For many shall come in my name, 6 For many shall come in my name, Christ; and the time draweth near:saying, I am Christ; and shall saying, I am Christ; and shall go ye not therefore after them.deceive many. deceive many.Wars: Wars: Wars: 6 And ye shall hear of wars and 7 And when ye shall hear of wars 9 But when ye shall hear of warsrumours of wars: see that ye be not and rumours of wars, be ye not and commotions, be not terrified: fortroubled: for all these things must troubled: for such things must needs these things must first come tocome to pass, but the end is not yet. be; but the end shall not be yet. pass; but the end is not by and by. 7 For nation shall rise against 8 For nation shall rise against 10 Then said he unto them, Nationnation, and kingdom against nation, and kingdom against shall rise against nation, andkingdom: (see 2 Chron 15:3-7) kingdom: kingdom against kingdom:Natural Disasters: 7-8 Natural Disasters: 8 Natural Disasters: 11…and there shall be famines, and 8 …and there shall be earthquakes 11 And great earthquakes shall bepestilences, and earthquakes, in in divers places, and there shall be in divers places, and famines, anddivers places. famines and troubles: these are the pestilences; and fearful sights and 8 All these are the beginning of beginnings of sorrows. great signs shall there be fromsorrows. heaven.Persecutions: 9-13 Persecutions: 9-13 Persecutions: 12-19 9 Then shall they deliver you up to 9 But take heed to yourselves: for 12 But before all these, they shallbe afflicted, and shall kill you: and they shall deliver you up to councils; lay their hands on you, andye shall be hated of all nations for and in the synagogues ye shall be persecute you, delivering you up tomy name’s sake. beaten: and ye shall be brought the synagogues, and into prisons, 10 And then shall many be before rulers and kings for my sake, being brought before kings and
offended, and shall betray one for a testimony against them. rulers for my name’s sake.another, and shall hate one another. 10 And the gospel must first be 13 And it shall turn to you for a 11 And many false prophets shall published among all nations. testimony.rise, and shall deceive many. 11 But when they shall lead you, 14 Settle it therefore in your hearts, 12 And because iniquity shall and deliver you up, take no thought not to meditate before what ye shallabound, the love of many shall wax beforehand what ye shall speak, answer:cold. neither do ye premeditate: but 15 For I will give you a mouth and 13 But he that shall endure unto the whatsoever shall be given you in wisdom, which all your adversariesend, the same shall be saved. that hour, that speak ye: for it is not shall not be able to gainsay nor ye that speak, but the Holy Ghost. resist. 12 Now the brother shall betray the 16 And ye shall be betrayed both brother to death, and the father the by parents, and brethren, and son; and children shall rise up kinsfolks, and friends; and some of against their parents, and shall you shall they cause to be put to cause them to be put to death. (Mic death. 7:6) 17 And ye shall be hated of all men 13 And ye shall be hated of all men for my name’s sake. for my name’s sake: but he that 18 But there shall not an hair of shall endure unto the end, the same your head perish. shall be saved. 19 In your patience possess ye your souls.Evangelization of the (Roman) Evangelization of the (Roman)World: Evangelization of the (Roman) World: 14 And this gospel of the kingdom World: [Missing]shall be preached in all the world for [Given earlier in v10]a witness unto all nations; and thenshall the end come. 4. The Sign of the Destruction of Jerusalem and the End of Temple WorshipThe Abomination of Desolation: The Abomination of Desolation: Jerusalem Surrounded by Armies: 15 When ye therefore shall see the 14 ¶ But when ye shall see the 20 ¶ And when ye shall seeabomination of desolation, spoken abomination of desolation, spoken Jerusalem compassed with armies,of by Daniel the prophet, stand in of by Daniel the prophet, standing then know that the desolationthe holy place, (whoso readeth, let where it ought not, (let him that thereof is nigh.him understand:) readeth understand,) then let them 16 Then let them which be in that be in Judaea flee to the The Flight and Its Distress: 21-24Judaea flee into the mountains: mountains: 21 Then let them which are in 17 Let him which is on the 15 And let him that is on the Judaea flee to the mountains; andhousetop not come down to take housetop not go down into the let them which are in the midst of itany thing out of his house: house, neither enter therein, to take depart out; and let not them that are 18 Neither let him which is in the any thing out of his house: in the countries enter thereinto.field return back to take his clothes. 16 And let him that is in the field not 22 For these be the days of 19 And woe unto them that are turn back again for to take up his vengeance, that all things which arewith child, and to them that give garment. written may be fulfilled. (Isa 34:8;suck in those days! 17 But woe to them that are with 61:2; Lev 26:14ff; Deut 28:15ff) 20 But pray ye that your flight be child, and to them that give suck in 23 But woe unto them that are withnot in the winter, neither on the those days! child, and to them that give suck, insabbath day: 18 And pray ye that your flight be those days! for there shall be great not in the winter. distress in the land, and wrath upon this people. 24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: …The Great Tribulation: The Great Tribulation:21 For then shall be great 19 For in those days shall betribulation, such as was not since affliction, such as was not from thethe beginning of the world to this beginning of the creation which Godtime, no, nor ever shall be. created unto this time, neither shall 22 And except those days should be.be shortened, there should no flesh 20 And except that the Lord hadbe saved: but for the elect’s sake shortened those days, no fleshthose days shall be shortened. should be saved: but for the elect’s sake, whom he hath chosen, he Jerusalem During the Interadvent
hath shortened the days. Period: …Jerusalem will be trampled on bymissing missing the Gentiles until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled." missingFalse Christs and the true sign: False Christs 23 Then if any man shall say unto 21 And then if any man shall say toyou, Lo, here is Christ, or there; you, Lo, here is Christ; or, lo, he isbelieve it not. there; believe him not: 24 For there shall arise false 22 For false Christs and falseChrists, and false prophets, and prophets shall rise, and shall shewshall shew great signs and signs and wonders, to seduce, if itwonders; insomuch that, if it were were possible, even the elect.possible, they shall deceive the 23 But take ye heed: behold, I havevery elect. foretold you all things. 25 Behold, I have told you before. 26 Wherefore if they shall say untoyou, Behold, he is in the desert; gonot forth: behold, he is in the secretchambers; believe it not. 27 For as the lightning cometh outof the east, and shineth even untothe west; so shall also the comingof the Son of man be. 28 For wheresoever the carcase is,there will the eagles be gatheredtogether. 5. Signs in the Heavens Cosmic (Political/Religious) Cosmic (Political/Religious) Cosmic (Political/Religious)Events: Events: Events: 29 Immediately after the tribulation 24 ¶ But in those days, after that 25"There will be signs in the sun,of those days shall the sun be tribulation, the sun shall be moon and stars. On the earth,darkened, and the moon shall not darkened, and the moon shall not nations will be in anguish andgive her light, and the stars shall fall give her light, perplexity at the roaring and tossingfrom heaven, and the powers of the 25 And the stars of heaven shall of the sea.heavens shall be shaken: fall, and the powers that are in 26 Men will faint from terror, heaven shall be shaken. apprehensive of what is coming on the world, for the heavenly bodies will be shaken. 6. The Coming/ Parousia Of The Son of Man The Second Coming: The Second Coming: The Second Coming: 30 And then shall appear the sign 26 And then shall they see the Son 27 At that time they will see the Sonof the Son of man in heaven: and of man coming in the clouds with of Man coming in a cloud withthen shall all the tribes of the earth great power and glory. power and great glorymourn, and they shall see the Son 27 And then shall he send his 28 When these things begin to takeof man coming in the clouds of angels, and shall gather together his place, stand up and lift up yourheaven with power and great glory. elect from the four winds, from the heads, because your redemption is 31 And he shall send his angels uttermost part of the earth to the drawing near."with a great sound of a trumpet, and uttermost part of heaven.they shall gather together his electfrom the four winds, from one end ofheaven to the other. 7. The Parable of the Fig Tree32 ¶ Now learn a parable of the fig 29 And he spake to them a parable; 29 And he spake to them a parable;tree; When his branch is yet tender, Behold the fig tree, and all the trees; Behold the fig tree, and all the trees;
and putteth forth leaves, ye know 30 When they now shoot forth, ye 30 When they now shoot forth, yethat summer is nigh: see and know of your own selves see and know of your own selves 33 So likewise ye, when ye shall that summer is now nigh at hand. that summer is now nigh at hand.see all these things, know that it is 31 So likewise ye, when ye see 31 So likewise ye, when ye seenear, even at the doors. these things come to pass, know ye these things come to pass, know ye that the kingdom of God is nigh at that the kingdom of God is nigh at hand. hand. 8. This Generation will not pass away, No man knows the hourRegarding the Temple Regarding the Temple Regarding the Temple"This Generation Will Not Pass "This Generation Will Not Pass "This Will Not Pass Away":Away": Away": 32"I tell you this generation will 34* Verily I say unto you, This 30 Verily I say unto you, that this certainly not pass away until allgeneration shall not pass, till all generation shall not pass, till all these things have happened.these things be fulfilled. these things be done. 33Heaven and earth will pass away,35 Heaven and earth shall pass 31 Heaven and earth shall pass but my words will never pass away.away, but my words shall not pass away: but my words shall not passaway. away. Regarding the Second Advent--Regarding the Second Advent-- Regarding the Second Advent— The Day and Hour Unknown:The Day and Hour Unknown: The Day and Hour Unknown: 34 Be careful, or your hearts will be 36 But of that day and hour 32 But of that day and that hour weighed down with dissipation,knoweth no man, no, not the angels knoweth no man, no, not the angels drunkenness and the anxieties ofof heaven, but my Father only. which are in heaven, neither the life, and that day will close on you 37 But as the days of Noe were, so Son, but the Father. unexpectedly like a trap.shall also the coming of the Son of 33 Take ye heed, watch and pray: 35 For it will come upon all thoseman be. for ye know not when the time is. who live on the face of the whole 38 For as in the days that were 34 For the Son of man is as a man earth.before the flood they were eating taking a far journey, who left his 36 Be always on the watch, andand drinking, marrying and giving in house, and gave authority to his pray that you may be able to escapemarriage, until the day that Noe servants, and to every man his all that is about to happen, and thatentered into the ark, work, and commanded the porter to you may be able to stand before the 39 And knew not until the flood watch. Son of Man."came, and took them all away; so 35 Watch ye therefore: for ye knowshall also the coming of the Son of not when the master of the houseman be. cometh, at even, or at midnight, or 40 Then shall two be in the field; at the cockcrowing, or in thethe one shall be taken, and the morning:other left. 36 Lest coming suddenly he find 41 Two women shall be grinding at you sleeping.the mill; the one shall be taken, and 37 And what I say unto you I saythe other left. unto all, Watch. Important Words and Phrases 1. Famines earthquakes and Pestilences In the Bible natural and man-made disasters attended God’s judgement. Earthquakes often attended a political overthrow Famines: sent as an effect of Gods anger against a guilty people 2Ki 8:1,2 Am 8:11 De 28:22-42 2Sa 21:1 2Ki 6:25-28 25:3 Jer 14:15 19:9 42:17 etc. A famine was predicted by Agabus. Ac 11:28. Josephus makes mention of the famine which occurred A.D. 45. Pestilences –(also “Plague”) As judgment on the Egyptians: Ps 105; 135:8,9; Ac 7:36; throughout Ex 7-11; On the Israelites-Nu 11:33 etc; On account of Davids sin- 2Sa 24:10-25; On the Philistines- 1Sa 6:4,5; Denounced as a judgment- Le 26:21; De 28:59; Foretold- Re 11:6; 15:1,6-8; 16; 22:18,19| Earthquakes- Mentioned as extraordinary phenomena of Palestine Ps 18:7; first earthquake in Palestine on record in the reign of Ahab 1Ki 19:11,12; Another took place in the days of Uzziah, King of Judah Zec 14:5; The most memorable earthquake taking place in New Testament times happened at the crucifixion Jesus-Mt 27:54; An earthquake at Philippi shook the prison in which Paul and Silas were imprisoned Ac 16:26 It is used figuratively as a token
of the presence of the Lord Jud 5:4 2Sa 22:8 Ps 77:18 97:4 104:32; As judgments- Ps 18:15; 60:2; Isa 13:13,14; 24:19,20; 29:6; Na 1:5| 2. (Christ’s) Coming parousia – coming/presence1) presence- the coming, arrival, advent (in the sense of a visiting ruler).2) the future visible return from heaven of Jesus, to raise the dead, hold the last judgment, and set up formally and gloriously the kingdom of God, not to be confused with erchomai Used throughout the Olivet Prophecy in Matt. The word parousia appears always in the context of a bodily presence and most often in the context of the second coming of Christ See Mt 24:3, 27, 37. 3. World Two words used in the Prophecy. (a) kosmos used by the disciples (.eg. Mt 24: 3) means the things all around us- the things in the world; (b) Oikoumene used by Jesus (eg. Mt 24:14) means the inhabited world- that was the Mediterranean at the time of the Romans 4. abomination of desolation (NIV the abomination that causes desolation) A phrase taken from Daniel the prophet. Used in the following passages: • Dan 9:24-27 This is about Messiah • Dan 11:30-31 This is about the (Alexandrian) Greek General Antiochus Epiphanes • Dan 12:10-12 This is about the Roman desolation of the sanctuary and devastation of the land. In 610 Pope Phocas proclaims papal infallibility to 1870 Fall of the power of the pope Apart from the different time references notice the following: • That the phrase in Matthew and Mark relates to the sanctuary (Temple) • That the phrase is equivalent to “Jerusalem surrounded by armies” in Luke. This means that there are different things happening as a part of this phenomenon not that they are the same things. 5. Great tribulation The same basic phrase (thlipsis megale) occurs in Mt 24:21; Rev 7:14; Rev 2:22. J. Thomas in Eureka suggests that the tribulation of Matt is fulfilled but that there would be a number of unfolding tribulations. He suggests that • the “tribulations” relate to the abomination • the abominations are characterised by the Romans and then the Moslems (who are both part of the little horn of Daniel) He writes “This was the first of the series of abominations of desolation that overspread the Holy Land”- (Eureka vol 5, p 187). Bro Thomas squarely relates the tribulation to that beginning in the first century. In contrast, H A Whittaker Studies in the Gospels p605, suggests that the world that has not seen these sorts of “tribulations” is the Jewish “kosmos”. This would fit the context we have been developing and could be an example of something which is realized at the end of the Jewish “age” (world) and also at the end of our “age” (world). 6.`Elect 3. But in addition there is an election of individuals to eternal life 2Th 2:13 Eph 1:4 1Pe 1:2 Joh 13:18 The ground of this election to salvation is the good pleasure of God Eph 1:5,11 Mt 11:25,26 Joh 15:16,19 God claims the right so to do Ro 9:16,21 It is not conditioned on faith or repentance, but is of soverign grace Ro 11:4-6 Eph 1:3-6 All that pertain to salvation, the means Eph 2:8 2Th 2:13 as well as the end, are of God Ac 5:31 2Ti 2:25 1Co 1:30 Eph 2:5,10 Faith and repentance and all other graces are the exercises of a regenerated soul; and regeneration is Gods work, a "new creature." Men are elected "to salvation," "to the adoption of sons," "to be holy and
without blame before him in love" 2Th 2:13 Ga 4:4,5 Eph 1:4 The ultimate end of election is the praise of Gods grace Eph 1:6,12 Flavius Josephus Concerning the Destruction of the City of Jerusalem (excerpts from Wars of the Jews) As the time approached wherein God would at last send forth His wrath against Jerusalem and the Jewish people, even as the Lord Christ Himself had threatened, the entire Jewish kingdom was vexed at every turn. The high priests practiced tyranny against the other priests; there was hatred and jealousy among other officials, and from this mobs and all manner of divisive factions, and much robbery and murder was found in and around Jerusalem. For this reason the Emperor Nero sent Gessius Florus to the Jewish lands. And, compared to him, the Jews were so obstinate in their greed,arrogance and wantonness, the Jews hunted down and killed five thousand of his men. TheJews were also fanatical, because of the will of God, about setting themselves against theRomans and revolting. When the Emperor Nero became aware of this he send FlaviusVespasianus and his son, Titus, to Syria.Vespasian came to Galilee, which was heavily populated, and laid waste to everything; therebeing no end of murder, plundering, and fire. Many thousands of Jews were slaughtered, onone occasion as many as fifty thousand valiant men, together with women and children. Thesoldiers spared neither old nor young, neither the pregnant nor babes in arms. On oneoccasion Vespasian send six thousand young men as slaves to Achaia, to dig on the Isthmus.Thirty thousand Jewish combatants were sold into bondage. In desperation, five thousandthrew themselves off of high cliffs.So it was, that even before agreeable weather returned, Jerusalem had been plagued withthreefold misfortune, namely a war with Rome; with insurrection and all manner of mutiny;and tyranny, which had faction rising against faction, and with the knowledge of the rulers,shedding much blood.Now, at the beginning of Winter, Vespasian heard that Nero was dead, besieged the city withRoman legions so that he might easily storm and take Jerusalem. Now, since Vespasian wasrecalled from his legions to become emperor, so that he might go to Egypt, and then to Italy,he gave command of the Jewish campaign to his son, Titus.Titus established his encampment hear to Jerusalem, and divided the legions to besiege thecity from several sides. Meanwhile, a great host of people from all cities and regions weregathered in Jerusalem for the feast of Passover. There were also, as mentioned above, threefactions in the city seeking to destroy unity and order. One element was the Temple faction,among these Eleazar, son of Simon, was the leader. The Zealots, an evil, hypocritical lot,hostile to the populace, belonged to this faction. In the lesser faction, Johannes, the source ofall misfortune, as mentioned above, held sway.The city of Jerusalem was well fortified and had three walls. Therefore the Roman forcesapproached in full force to storm the city; and after much work, the first and second wallsconquered and taken. At this same time, an innumerable multitude of people died of hunger,as Josephus wrote.... So many died of starvation that 115,000 corpses were found in the cityand buried. Hegesippus reported that, at one gate alone, several thousand were carried out,and that 600,000 died because of the siege.It is said that Titus wanted to spare the temple; but God decreed that it would not be spared.For after men had long walked and worked, and the Jews could not be moved, neither withthreats or exhortations, to give up their fortified positions, the soldiers realized that the templecould only be conquered with fire; some of the men it afire. And in that hour the magnificent,exquisite and priceless building, which was celebrated far and wide, burned and was reduced
to ashes…This destruction of the temple occurred on the tenth day of the month of August.Finally, the entire city of Jerusalem was conquered, neither young nor old were spared. Thena decree went out that all miserable people who were incapable of offering any resistanceshould be spared. Also, Jerusalem was thoroughly plundered by the foe, razed, burned andleft in ruin. Some buildings were left standing, so that a few Roman soldiers might have beenable to stand watch there. Only a few devastated buildings and towers were left standing toindicate that a city had once been there.Thus the city of Jerusalem was destroyed and razed on the eighth day of September, in thefifth month of the siege…Thus Jerusalem, the most celebrated city in all of the East, came to a miserable andlamentable end, as had been prophesied, in the seventieth year after the birth of Christ ourLord.