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By ,
Gururaj Guggari
Asst Professor , Community Health
Nursing Shri B M Patil Institute of Nursing
Sciences Vijayapur
 Definition of health
 Components of health
 Changing concept of health
1. Biomedical concept
2. Ecological concept
3.Psychosocial concept
4.Holiastic concept
 DIMENSIONS OF HEALTH
1.Physical dimension
2.Mental dimension
3.Social dimension
4.Spritual dimension
5.Emotional dimension
6.Vocational dimension
7.Others
1.Cultural dimension
2.Socieconomic dimension
3.Enviornmental dimension
4.Educational dimension
5.Nutrional dimension
6.Curative dimension
7.Preventive dimension
Group of individuals and families living together in
a defined geographical area ,usually comprising of
a village ,town or a city .
Characteristics of community
 Homogeneity
 Distinctiveness
 Closeness
 Sense of belongingness
 Self sufficiency
 Sense of togetherness
 Community health means the health of
people in totality that is
physical,mental,social,spritual health.
Community health can be achieved through
1.Safe environment
2.Education
3.Control of communicable and NCD
4.Establishing responsibility towards
health
5.Well functioning health system
 To increase the average span of human life
 To decrease the mortality rate especially IMR ,MMR
 To increase the capability of community to deal
with their own problems
 To decrease morbidity rate
 To increase the well being of individual
 To prevent the CD and NCD
 To provide total health care to all
 To conduct research
 To prepare the health personnel to provide better
health care.
Community health nursing is a synthesis of
nursing practice and public health practice applied
in promoting and preserving the health of
populations. The nature of this practice is general
and comprehensive .
 Aim:
The aim of community health nursing practice is to
promote health and efficiency, prevent and control diseases
and disabilities and prolong life by providing need based,
well balanced comprehensive health care services to
community at large through organized community efforts.
Objectives of community health nursing
 To increase the capability of community to
deal with their own health problems
 To strengthen community resources
 To control and counteract environment
 To prevent and control communicable and
non-communicable diseases
 To provide specialized services
 To conduct research
 To prepare Health personnel
 Should be planned based on needs
 Should function in collaboration and coordination with
other personnel
 Should be to all the individuals
 Should be flexible
 Community participation
 Qualified nursing personnel and continuing nursing
education
 Create awareness through education
 Professional IPR
 NO acceptance of bribe and gift
 Family as a basic unit
 Comprehension
 Consider nursing ethics
 Appraisal and evaluation
 Maintain records
 Fallow up
 Individual
 Family
 Group
 Community as a whole
 Home care
 Nursing home
 MCH and family planning
 School health nursing
 Industrial nursing
 Public health nursing services
 Mental health nursing services
 Rehabilitation nursing
 Geriatric nursing services
 Disaster nursing
 Homes
 Health centres
 Schools
 Occupational setting
 Private nursing homes
 Rural hospitals
 Geriatric homes
 Rehabilitation centres
 Domiciliary nursing
 Care provider
 Case finder
 Educator
 Advocate
 Counsellor
 Manager
 Potentiator
 Health planner
 Organizer
 Director and coordinator
 Leader
 Researcher
 Epidemiologist
 Health promotion is the process of enabling
people to increase control over and to improve
their health.
Prerequisites of health promotion
1.education
2.enable
3.mediate
Principles of health promotion
 Population as a whole
 Action towards determinants of health
 Concreate public particaiaption
 Team approach
 Health education
 Environmental modifications
 Nutritional interventions
 Lifestyle and behavior changes
 Proper health system
 Public participation
 Welfare programmes
 Health research
 Can be maintained by exercise, diet, stress
management and consultation of doctors
 Strategies
1.Nutrition
2.Exercise
3.Hygiene
4.Reduce stress
5.Health services
6.Safe environment

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Introduction of chn i

  • 1. By , Gururaj Guggari Asst Professor , Community Health Nursing Shri B M Patil Institute of Nursing Sciences Vijayapur
  • 2.  Definition of health  Components of health  Changing concept of health 1. Biomedical concept 2. Ecological concept 3.Psychosocial concept 4.Holiastic concept
  • 3.  DIMENSIONS OF HEALTH 1.Physical dimension 2.Mental dimension 3.Social dimension 4.Spritual dimension 5.Emotional dimension 6.Vocational dimension
  • 4. 7.Others 1.Cultural dimension 2.Socieconomic dimension 3.Enviornmental dimension 4.Educational dimension 5.Nutrional dimension 6.Curative dimension 7.Preventive dimension
  • 5. Group of individuals and families living together in a defined geographical area ,usually comprising of a village ,town or a city . Characteristics of community  Homogeneity  Distinctiveness  Closeness  Sense of belongingness  Self sufficiency  Sense of togetherness
  • 6.  Community health means the health of people in totality that is physical,mental,social,spritual health. Community health can be achieved through 1.Safe environment 2.Education 3.Control of communicable and NCD 4.Establishing responsibility towards health 5.Well functioning health system
  • 7.  To increase the average span of human life  To decrease the mortality rate especially IMR ,MMR  To increase the capability of community to deal with their own problems  To decrease morbidity rate  To increase the well being of individual  To prevent the CD and NCD  To provide total health care to all  To conduct research  To prepare the health personnel to provide better health care.
  • 8. Community health nursing is a synthesis of nursing practice and public health practice applied in promoting and preserving the health of populations. The nature of this practice is general and comprehensive .  Aim: The aim of community health nursing practice is to promote health and efficiency, prevent and control diseases and disabilities and prolong life by providing need based, well balanced comprehensive health care services to community at large through organized community efforts.
  • 9. Objectives of community health nursing  To increase the capability of community to deal with their own health problems  To strengthen community resources  To control and counteract environment  To prevent and control communicable and non-communicable diseases  To provide specialized services  To conduct research  To prepare Health personnel
  • 10.  Should be planned based on needs  Should function in collaboration and coordination with other personnel  Should be to all the individuals  Should be flexible  Community participation  Qualified nursing personnel and continuing nursing education  Create awareness through education  Professional IPR  NO acceptance of bribe and gift  Family as a basic unit  Comprehension  Consider nursing ethics  Appraisal and evaluation  Maintain records  Fallow up
  • 11.  Individual  Family  Group  Community as a whole
  • 12.  Home care  Nursing home  MCH and family planning  School health nursing  Industrial nursing  Public health nursing services  Mental health nursing services  Rehabilitation nursing  Geriatric nursing services  Disaster nursing
  • 13.  Homes  Health centres  Schools  Occupational setting  Private nursing homes  Rural hospitals  Geriatric homes  Rehabilitation centres  Domiciliary nursing
  • 14.  Care provider  Case finder  Educator  Advocate  Counsellor  Manager  Potentiator  Health planner  Organizer  Director and coordinator  Leader  Researcher  Epidemiologist
  • 15.  Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over and to improve their health. Prerequisites of health promotion 1.education 2.enable 3.mediate Principles of health promotion  Population as a whole  Action towards determinants of health  Concreate public particaiaption  Team approach
  • 16.  Health education  Environmental modifications  Nutritional interventions  Lifestyle and behavior changes  Proper health system  Public participation  Welfare programmes  Health research
  • 17.  Can be maintained by exercise, diet, stress management and consultation of doctors  Strategies 1.Nutrition 2.Exercise 3.Hygiene 4.Reduce stress 5.Health services 6.Safe environment