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Health education
By,
Mr.Gururaj Guggari
Assistant Professor in Community Health Nursing
Department
Shri B M Patil Institute of Nursing Sciences
Vijayapur ,Karnataka
Introduction
Health education is a term commonly used and
referred to by health professional. Health
education is indispensable in acheiveng
individual and community health.
A process aimed at encouraging people to
want to be healthy, to know hoe to stay
healthy, to do what they can individually and
collectively to maintain health, and to seek
help when needed.
By alma Ata declaration
Definitions
• Health education is the process by which people
change their habits, attitudes and knowledge and
choose the path leading to better health.
• Health education aims of bridging the gulf
between the health knowledge and health
practices of the people.
Aims of health Education
• The aim of Health education is to help people to
achieve health by their own actions and efforts.
The WHO has stated the aims of health education as
follows:
• To ensure that health is valued as an asset to the
community.
• To equip the people with skills, knowledge and
attitudes to enable them to solve their health problems
by their own actions and efforts.
• To promote the development and proper use of health
services
• Health education is most important tool of
community health
• It aims at breaking down barriers of ignorance,
prejudice and misconceptions and providing
learning experiences which favorably influence
habits, attitudes and knowledge relating to
individuals, family and community health
Changing concept
• Prevention of disease to promotion of healthy
life style.
• The modification of individual behaviour to
modification of social environment in which the
individual live.
• Community participation to community
involvement.
• Promotion of individuals and community self
reliance.
Scope of health education
• Preventing diseases
• Promoting health
• Curative aspect (drug, diet, rest etc.,)
• Rehabilitation and follow-up
• Utilizing the services
• National health programmes
Principles of health education
Credibility
It is the degree to which the message to be
communicated is perceived as trustworthy
by the receiver.
Interest
It is psychological principle that people are
unlikely to listen to those things which are not
to their interest.
Participation
Health education should aim at encouraging
people to work actively with health worker and
others in identifying their own health problems
and also in developing solutions and plan to
work them out.
Motivation
• Awakening the desire is called motivation
Comprehension
• In health education we must know the level of
understanding ,education and literacy of people
to whom the teaching is directed.
Reinforcement
Repetation at interval is nessasry
Learning by doing
“If I hear,I forget;
If I see,I remember;
If I do,I know.”
Known to unknown
• From particular to general, simple to cmore
complicated.
Setting an example
• The health educator should set a good example
in life things.
• Good human relation
Sharing of information ,ideas and feelings happen
most easily between people who have a good
relationship.
• Feedback
For effective communication feed back is
nessasary.
• Leaders
We learn best from people whom we respect and
regard.
Areas of health education
• Human biology
• Nutrition
• Hygiene 1.personal 2. environmental
• Care of mother and children
• Prevention of communicable diseases
• Mental health
• Prevention of accidents
• Use of health services
Methods of health education
• Individuals methods
1. Interviews
2. Dialogues
3. Interpersonal communication
4. Counseling
• Group methods
1.One way methods: lecturer, films, charts, flannel graph,
exhibits and flash cards
2. Two way methods: Group discussions, panel discussions,
symposium, work shop, role play, demonstration,
programmed instructions
Methods of health education
• Public/ community approach method
1. Posters
2. Press
3. Health magazines
4. Films
5. Radios
6. Television
7. Health exhibitions
8. Health museums
• Thank You

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Health Education: Importance, Principles & Methods

  • 1. Health education By, Mr.Gururaj Guggari Assistant Professor in Community Health Nursing Department Shri B M Patil Institute of Nursing Sciences Vijayapur ,Karnataka
  • 2. Introduction Health education is a term commonly used and referred to by health professional. Health education is indispensable in acheiveng individual and community health.
  • 3. A process aimed at encouraging people to want to be healthy, to know hoe to stay healthy, to do what they can individually and collectively to maintain health, and to seek help when needed. By alma Ata declaration Definitions
  • 4. • Health education is the process by which people change their habits, attitudes and knowledge and choose the path leading to better health. • Health education aims of bridging the gulf between the health knowledge and health practices of the people.
  • 5. Aims of health Education • The aim of Health education is to help people to achieve health by their own actions and efforts. The WHO has stated the aims of health education as follows: • To ensure that health is valued as an asset to the community. • To equip the people with skills, knowledge and attitudes to enable them to solve their health problems by their own actions and efforts. • To promote the development and proper use of health services
  • 6. • Health education is most important tool of community health • It aims at breaking down barriers of ignorance, prejudice and misconceptions and providing learning experiences which favorably influence habits, attitudes and knowledge relating to individuals, family and community health
  • 7. Changing concept • Prevention of disease to promotion of healthy life style. • The modification of individual behaviour to modification of social environment in which the individual live. • Community participation to community involvement. • Promotion of individuals and community self reliance.
  • 8. Scope of health education • Preventing diseases • Promoting health • Curative aspect (drug, diet, rest etc.,) • Rehabilitation and follow-up • Utilizing the services • National health programmes
  • 9. Principles of health education Credibility It is the degree to which the message to be communicated is perceived as trustworthy by the receiver.
  • 10. Interest It is psychological principle that people are unlikely to listen to those things which are not to their interest. Participation Health education should aim at encouraging people to work actively with health worker and others in identifying their own health problems and also in developing solutions and plan to work them out.
  • 11. Motivation • Awakening the desire is called motivation Comprehension • In health education we must know the level of understanding ,education and literacy of people to whom the teaching is directed.
  • 12. Reinforcement Repetation at interval is nessasry Learning by doing “If I hear,I forget; If I see,I remember; If I do,I know.”
  • 13. Known to unknown • From particular to general, simple to cmore complicated. Setting an example • The health educator should set a good example in life things.
  • 14. • Good human relation Sharing of information ,ideas and feelings happen most easily between people who have a good relationship. • Feedback For effective communication feed back is nessasary. • Leaders We learn best from people whom we respect and regard.
  • 15. Areas of health education • Human biology • Nutrition • Hygiene 1.personal 2. environmental • Care of mother and children • Prevention of communicable diseases • Mental health • Prevention of accidents • Use of health services
  • 16. Methods of health education • Individuals methods 1. Interviews 2. Dialogues 3. Interpersonal communication 4. Counseling • Group methods 1.One way methods: lecturer, films, charts, flannel graph, exhibits and flash cards 2. Two way methods: Group discussions, panel discussions, symposium, work shop, role play, demonstration, programmed instructions
  • 17. Methods of health education • Public/ community approach method 1. Posters 2. Press 3. Health magazines 4. Films 5. Radios 6. Television 7. Health exhibitions 8. Health museums