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Growth & development toddler mable

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Growth & development toddler mable

  1. 1. GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF A TODDLER PRESENTED BY: Ms. Mable Maria M.Sc Nursing I Year Dr. M.V. Shetty College Of Nursing, Mangalore 1Mable_Maria
  2. 2. Growth and development of toddler 2Mable_Maria
  3. 3. The toddler period extends from age 1 year to approximately 3 years of age. 3Mable_Maria
  4. 4. physical Growth GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS 4Mable_Maria
  5. 5. PHYSIOLOGIC DEVELOPMENT • Integumentary System • Cardiovascular System • Respiratory System • Gastro intestinal System • Genito Urinary System • Immune System • Nervous System 5Mable_Maria
  6. 6. heiGht and weiGht chanGes WEIGHT – Toddler gains 1.8 to 2.7 kg a year. – At 2 years- 12 kg. – At 21 /2 yrs- weight is 4 times that at birth. – Gains about 5 kg between 1 & 3 years. HEIGHT – Height increases by 10 to 12.5 cm per year. – In 2nd year – about 85 cm. 6Mable_Maria
  7. 7. head circumference & fontannel chanGes • H.C increases by 2.5 cm during second year (49-50 cm) • By 2 years, the chest circumference exceeds that of head. • Anterior fontannel closes between 12& 18 months. 7Mable_Maria
  8. 8. motor development Gross motor-15-30 months 18 MONTHS 15 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS8Mable_Maria
  9. 9. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS 9Mable_Maria
  10. 10. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS 10Mable_Maria
  11. 11. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS 11Mable_Maria
  12. 12. 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS 12Mable_Maria
  13. 13. Fine motor-15-30 months 13Mable_Maria
  14. 14. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS 14Mable_Maria
  15. 15. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS 15Mable_Maria
  16. 16. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS 16Mable_Maria
  17. 17. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MON THS 17Mable_Maria
  18. 18. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS 18Mable_Maria
  19. 19. SenSory development 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS vISUAl ACUIty Visual acuity is 20/60. HeArInG • Ears of a healthy • Toddler’s hearing can hear very high • Toddler’s ears are tASte • Toddlers, when a of smelling, touch Visual acuity is 20/40. toddler permit is better than older frequency sounds. more sensitive to new food is added ing and tasting to Visual acuity is 20/40 – 20/30. good hearing. adults. Toddlers louder sounds. to the diet, may go determine whether Visual acuity is 20/30. ears are so new they through the process it is liked. 19Mable_Maria
  20. 20. 15 MONTHS 18 MONTHS 24 MONTHS 30 MONTHS Smell • Capacity to smell • Toddlers may res toUCH • Sensations of touc is linked to that of pond to unpleasant h and pain are more taste. odours at first in an fully developed uninhibited manner. than in infant. 20Mable_Maria
  21. 21. • Psychosocial Development • Psychosexual Development • Intellectual Development • Moral Development 21Mable_Maria
  22. 22. • Fear • Temperament • Discipline 22Mable_Maria
  23. 23. PROTEIN (g) IRON (mg) FAT (g) CALORIES (kcal) CHOLES TEROL (mg) CALCIUM (mg) VIT. A (IU) VIT. C (mg) SODIUM (mg) FIBRE (g) 13 7 33-54 1000- 1400 < 300 500 1000 15 1000- 1500 14-19 23Mable_Maria
  24. 24. FOOD GROUP SERVINGS AVERAGE SIZE OF SERVINGS 1. MILK ITEMS 4 ½ to ¾ cup 2. MEAT GROUP 3 or More 1-2 tbsp 3. FRUITS AND VEGETABLES 4 Atleast ½ cup citrus 4. VIT.A SOURCE 1 or more 3 tbsp 5. CEREALS 4 Atleast Rice-3/4 oz 6. FATS AND CARBOHYDRATES Sufficient to meet calorie needs 1 tbsp 24Mable_Maria
  25. 25. • SLEEPING PATTERN • DENTITION 25Mable_Maria
  26. 26. IMMUNIZATION SCHEDULE AGE GROUP NAME OF VACCINE DOSE ROUTE 15 MONTHS MMR VARICELLA PCV BOOSTER 0.5 ml 0.5 ml 0.5 ml SC SC IM 16-18 MONTHS DPT IPV HIB 0.5 ml 0.5 ml 0.5 ml IM IM/SC IM 18 MONTHS Hep-A 0.5 ml IM 26Mable_Maria
  27. 27. INJURY PREVENTION • Motor Vehicle Accidents • Drowning • Burns • Suffocation • Falls • Poisoning 27Mable_Maria
  28. 28. 28Mable_Maria
  29. 29. 29Mable_Maria

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