Understanding Cancer and Related Topics<br />Understanding Cancer<br />Developed by:Lewis J. Kleinsmith, Ph.D.Donna Kerrig...
What Is Cancer?<br />
Different Kinds of Cancer<br />Leukemias:<br />	Bloodstream<br />Some common carcinomas:<br />	Lung<br />Breast (women)<br...
Naming Cancers<br />Cancer Prefixes Point to Location<br />Prefix	Meaning<br />adeno-	gland<br />chondro-	cartilage<br />e...
Loss of Normal Growth Control<br />Normal cell division<br />Cell Suicide or Apoptosis<br />Cell damage—no repair<br />Can...
Example of Normal Growth<br />Dead cells shed from outer surface<br />Epidermis<br />Cell migration<br />Dividing cells in...
The Beginning of Cancerous Growth<br />Underlying tissue<br />
Tumors (Neoplasms)<br />Underlying tissue<br />
Invasion and Metastasis<br />1<br />Cancer cells invade surrounding tissues and blood vessels<br />2<br />Cancer cells are...
Malignant versus Benign Tumors<br />Malignant (cancer) cells invade neighboring tissues, enter blood vessels, and metastas...
Why Cancer Is Potentially Dangerous<br />Brain<br />Melanoma cells travel through bloodstream<br />Liver<br />Melanoma(ini...
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Cancer

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Cancer

  1. 1. Understanding Cancer and Related Topics<br />Understanding Cancer<br />Developed by:Lewis J. Kleinsmith, Ph.D.Donna Kerrigan, M.S.Jeanne KellyBrian Hollen<br />Discusses and illustrates what cancer is, explains the link between genes and cancer, and discusses what is known about the causes, detection, and diagnosis of the disease.<br />These PowerPoint slides are not locked files. You can mix and match slides from different tutorials as you prepare your own lectures. In the Notes section, you will find explanations of the graphics. <br />The art in this tutorial is copyrighted and may not be reused for commercial gain.Please do not remove the NCI logo or the copyright mark from any slide. These tutorials may be copied only if they are distributed free of charge for educational purposes.<br />
  2. 2. What Is Cancer?<br />
  3. 3. Different Kinds of Cancer<br />Leukemias:<br /> Bloodstream<br />Some common carcinomas:<br /> Lung<br />Breast (women)<br /> Colon<br />Bladder<br /> Prostate (men)<br />Lymphomas:<br /> Lymph nodes<br />Some common sarcomas:<br /> Fat<br /> Bone<br /> Muscle<br />
  4. 4. Naming Cancers<br />Cancer Prefixes Point to Location<br />Prefix Meaning<br />adeno- gland<br />chondro- cartilage<br />erythro- red blood cell<br />hemangio- blood vessels<br />hepato- liver<br />lipo- fat<br />lympho- lymphocyte<br />melano- pigment cell<br />myelo- bone marrow<br />myo- muscle<br />osteo- bone<br />
  5. 5. Loss of Normal Growth Control<br />Normal cell division<br />Cell Suicide or Apoptosis<br />Cell damage—no repair<br />Cancer cell division<br />Fourth orlater mutation<br />Third mutation<br />Second mutation<br />First mutation<br />Uncontrolled growth<br />
  6. 6. Example of Normal Growth<br />Dead cells shed from outer surface<br />Epidermis<br />Cell migration<br />Dividing cells in basal layer<br />Dermis<br />
  7. 7. The Beginning of Cancerous Growth<br />Underlying tissue<br />
  8. 8. Tumors (Neoplasms)<br />Underlying tissue<br />
  9. 9. Invasion and Metastasis<br />1<br />Cancer cells invade surrounding tissues and blood vessels<br />2<br />Cancer cells are transported by the circulatory system to distant sites<br />3<br />Cancer cells reinvade and grow at new location<br />
  10. 10. Malignant versus Benign Tumors<br />Malignant (cancer) cells invade neighboring tissues, enter blood vessels, and metastasize to different sites<br />Benign (not cancer) tumor cells grow only locally and cannot spread by invasion or metastasis<br />Time<br />
  11. 11. Why Cancer Is Potentially Dangerous<br />Brain<br />Melanoma cells travel through bloodstream<br />Liver<br />Melanoma(initial tumor)<br />

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