Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development and Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) in northern Belize, November 2012 briefing for LLNL HOME Campaign
Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development and Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) in northern BelizePatrick Coyle, EWB-SFP; Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development for LLNL- November 28 – December 3, 2012
Agenda • Overview: Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development • Overview: • Engineers Without Borders- USA (EWB-USA) • Engineers Without Borders — San Francisco Professional Chapter (EWB-SFP) • Status update: Four EWB chapter projects in northern Belize• Belize Open Source 40-acre site • Belize photos looking toward August Pine Ridge village
What is Belize Open Source -Sustainable Development? • Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development, as a 501(c)(3) non-profit, • promotes environmentally and socially sustainable development • invites collaboration on an open source approach to develop and participate in a land-based learning and community outreach center on a working farm on 40 acres in northwestern Belize • partners with EWB-USA to collaborate with EWB chapters on projects
Summary: HOME donationsleveraged with matching Year HOME Donations Total Pledges EWB Matched August Pine Muffles Donated Ridge school College 2012 $2060 $1500 $1500 $500 - 2011 $2800 $1500 $1500 $500 $500 2010 $500 $500 $500 $500 Total $5,360 $3500 $3500 $1500 $500 $9,000
Activities: Belize Open Source -Sustainable Development • Donated 2010 HOME donations of $500 to the three EWB chapters – Google matched donations with $500 to EWB- USA • From 2011 HOME pledges donated • $500 to emergency construction of a new septic tank for Muffles College in Orange Walk, Belize • $500 to the three chapters – Google, other EWB-USA partners matched the donations • $500 to August Pine Ridge school for a public address system
Activities: Belize Open Source -Sustainable Development (cont.) • November 2010, updated at LLNL about BOSSD and three EWB chapters working in northern Belize and received pledges of nearly $2.8k - allocated in 2010 and 2011 • Donated $500 to August Pine Ridge school for teachers texts and filing cabinet for new classrooms • Donated $1500 to the EWB chapters, got matching $ • Raised ~$2.8k for the first visitors’ accommodations at our 40-acre place to house the CSU EWB teams during their visits to construct new classroom building in August Pine Ridge
Activities: Belize Open Source -Sustainable Development (cont.) • November 2011, updated at LLNL about BOSSD and four EWB chapters working in northern Belize and received pledges of $2060 – will allocate in 2012 and 2013 • Will donate $500 to August Pine Ridge school to replace termite damaged wooden classroom windows with metal hurricane shutters • Donated $1500 to the EWB chapters, got matching $ • Continuing to seek US Rotary club to partner with Belize Orange Walk Rotary and the CSU EWB August Pine Ridge project • Exploring conducting LLNL wind energy program curricula with students in August Pine Ridge • Developing programs to use the Belize property
EWB-USA vision and missionAgenda • Updates and status: Belize Open Our Vision is a Source - Sustainable Development world in which • Engineers Without Borders-USA all communities (EWB-USA) have the • Engineers Without Bordersto meet capacity — San Francisco Professional Chapter (EWB-SFP) their basic human needs • Updates and status: Three EWB chapter projects in northern Belize • development Supports community-drivenBelize photos programs• Road past Belize Open Source worldwide through the design and implementation 40-acre site toward August Pine of sustainable engineering projects, while fostering Ridge village responsible leadership
EWB-USA Growth 2000 8 Members 1 Chapter 1 Project 2011 12,000 Members 250+ Chapters 350+ Projects
EWB-SFP Nation’s 1st Professional Chapter • Established in 2004 • 150+ active volunteers • 6 infrastructure projects • 5 Appropriate Technology Design Team (A.T.D.T) projects • Executive Committee and support committees provide chapter management, fundraising, and publicity
EWB-SFP Projects and Locations Kenya Water Supply El Salvador Water & Sanitation, plastic recycling Fiji Water System Ghana & West Cashew Waste Utilization Africa Guatemala Wind Turbine Haiti Community Health Clinic and Solar Power Honduras Bridge Construction & Water Distribution Nicaragua Composting Toilet Philippines Rock Crusher Tanzania Water Distribution & Health Clinic
EWB-SFP Project Process andCommitment • All projects have a non-governmental organization (NGO) partner acting as a liaison to the community • Three project phases: 1. Assessment 2. Design and Implementation 3. Monitoring and Evaluation • Long-term infrastructure projects have a minimum 5-year commitment to the community • Appropriate technology projects vary in length depending on the requirements of the NGO and community
What’s the connection? • Coyle is founder and a Director of Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development, a 501(c)(3) non-profit • Member of the San Francisco Professional Chapter (EWB-SFP) • Serves on EWB-USA West Coast Technical Advisory Team and leads monthly team review of project applications • Authored EWB application for August Pine Ridge Community Improvement Program – the new classroom building now completed by EWB-Cleveland State • Presented at EWB Regional Workshops and EWB International on “Simple, Inexpensive Aerial Photography Mapping with Balloons or Kites” and planning workshops with students in Belize on next visit
Belize Open Source - SustainableDevelopment and EWB chapters • We support four EWB chapters working in northern Belize • Cleveland State University, August Pine Ridge • Iowa State University, Trinidad • Lamar University, Chunox in the Corozol District • Texas A&M, San Mateo on Ambergris Caye • Coyle reviewed their application and is in touch with them to collaborate and support them The focus of this talk is the EWB Cleveland State University August Pine Ridge classroom building project which is now complete. The team is looking at the next needs to address
Belize up close • Belize is small: About 175 miles, north-south, by 80 miles wide • It has diverse land regions: cayes, barrier reef, beaches, tropical rain forests, caves with rivers running into them, mountain pine ridge, and savannahs (where we are) • Belize is small enough and transportation is good enough that a stop at Belize Open Source can be included as part of your itinerary, along with whatever else you choose to do in Belize • If you visit Belize and volunteer with BOSSD, a reasonable portion of your trip expenses can be tax deductible
How to get involved• Contact me: • email@example.com • Belize Open Source: http://belizeopensource.org• SFP-EWB: http://ewb-sfp.org/• EWB-USA: http://www.ewb-usa.org/ • Individual chapters and projects are accessible through the EWB-USA website
How to donate for matchingI’ve donated to the 4 chapters - websites are ready to takedonations• https://ssl.charityweb.net/ewbusa/pfp/ewbisustudentchapter .htm• https://ssl.charityweb.net/ewbusa/pfp/ewbtamu.htm• https://ssl.charityweb.net/ewbusa/pfp/fundraisingforbelize.h tm• https://ssl.charityweb.net/ewbusa/pfp/lamaruniversityinbeliz e.htm
Engineering Without BordersIowa State University Chapter Solar Fruit Dehydrator Project Trinidad and Kings College, Orange Walk, Belize
Building Stage• In March of 2010 our program built three solar fruit dehydrators and left them each in a different location. – One was left with Trinidad government school, our primary partner institution. – Another was left at Kings College high school. – The third constructed dryer, along with raw material for constructing a 4th dryer, was demonstrated for and given to representatives from the Orange Walk Rotary International organization.• Each dryer recipient was provided with a manual for the construction and the use of the dehydrator.
Back in the States• Earlier this semester our group built another fruit dryer at our college so we could practice and get an idea of maintenance issues we might face.• We plan to rewrite the directions to improve user friendliness.• On the next slide is some pictures of the construction of our dryer.
Future Plans• Monitoring trip over Thanksgiving• Observe dryer use and collect data on drying times and system metrics such as air flow and internal temperature• Equipment will be left in-community to allow a user to continue testing and observe variations with weather patterns• Inspect community computer lab in nearby community (Coyle note: this is in the new classroom building in August Pine Ridge, next village down the road) for potential implementation in Trinidad• Our year-end goal is $5000—will allow freedom of future travel to expand or wind down program based on needs
Thank you for your support for our project. Dan Voss Samantha Sauerbrei Kelsey Regan Mark Sanocki Laura Jarboe EWB-ISU Trinidad Travel Team
Our partner community and institution Trinidad Kings College
ActivitiesProjects: • Build and test three solar driers for three primary schools • Create construction, operation, and maintenance plans for drier • Construct town sign and school sign in Trinidad • Assess feeding program and school garden for Kings College • Initiate contact and assess needs at Kings College • Assess two stove designs, determine cooking needs • Hygiene education – clean handsCultural Experience
Next StepsContinued and proposed projects: • Coordinate with Humana-Belize (NGO) for seeds and local resources for tools to equip Kings College for school garden • Create a textbook drive for Kings College • Assess and initiate stove program business (30-50 stoves / week) • Design and construct bus stop for Trinidad Village • Coordinate with Rotary in Orange Walk to expand Solar Dryer project • TBD – depending on assessment coming up
Lamar University, village of Chunoxin the Corozol District update • Implement a restroom facility for the St. Viatore vocational high school • Performed test to determine water quality, soil type, soil percolation, water table, land survey (for a percolation field), located a site for the bathrooms • Formed Memorandum of Understanding with the school – • we will provide materials and design • the school will provide labor, some lodging and meals • Currently working on alternatives Analysis: our preferred alternative is a standard flush toilet. The effluent waste will be treated by a percolation field
About Lamar University Chapter• Established in 2008• Consists of over 20 current members• Started our first project in 2009• Traveled to Belize for the first time in 2010• Will be traveling to Belize this summer for implementation.• Our plan is to have our total project ready for submission January 2012 and travel in May 2012.
We have raised about $20,000 so farfor our trip (However, there are issueswith schedule and the grant fromBoeing). We are trying at raising another$6,000 to help pay for members totravel to informational workshops togain the training they need. The project we have is almostcompleted, we just need to finish thefinal design stages in order to submitit for approval.
LocationOfficial Address:St. Viator High School1.5 mi. beyond Chunox VillageChunox – Sarteneja RoadP.O. Box 330Corozal Town
Water Supply• Water line from Chunox• Chunox uses reverse osmosis oncommunity water• There is no water filtration on site• Supplies Cafeteria• School Well, pond• Supplies shower, animals, and crops
Texas A&M University; San Mateo• San Mateo is an impoverished community, listed by the Belize Red Cross as the most impoverished/at risk community in the country• The land in actuality is a tidal estuary densely populated with mangroves, which is more often than not under several feet of water• Approximately 150-180 “homes” exist in San Mateo on stilts with no running water, electricity or sanitation. Each “home” is reached by walking a series of elevated “London bridges,” a precarious system of scrap lumber walkways generally no wider than 22” with no handrails• The community is in desperate need of affordable, potable running water, development of a sanitation system, pathway improvement, roadways, and a land fill, among other needs. EWB-USA, TAMU intends to undertake some of these projects
Randy Nelson, project lead, wrote,Wed be happy to work with you and share information and experiences inBelize as our project develops.To give you an update on our project, we are currently preparing for anassessment trip to San Mateo in January.We expect that we will be working with the community to develop a source offresh water, but were keeping a somewhat open mind since this will be ourfirst trip.Our tentative schedule is to try to complete our first project by next Christmas,but that is very much dependent on this first assessment trip. Well be betterable to give you a timeline once we get back.As for fundraising, we are trying to raise $20,000 for the implementation nextyear. Im attaching a few photos of the community, and I can send more ifyoud like.
Belize Water Sanitation Project San Mateo, BelizeChristopher Kirkland and Briana Herrmann
Water Update• Many changes to the community have been made over the summer leaving a need for a water filtration system no longer necessary• The local Rotary Club of Belize has provided the community with 200 Sawyer water filters, which is sufficient enough to provide each home with clean drinking water• Training for these filters is currently in progress. During our assessment trip this January 2013 we hope to be able to participate in helping distribute the filters to members of the community
A New Need• Contamination of the communitys water lines through leaked sewage has caused unsanitary living conditions. Additionally, waste from vault toilets has run out into the stagnant water surrounding the community (see photo). The previous assessment trip confirmed coliform contamination in the water lines as a result of this practice.• A septic tank for the community of San Mateo will provide the residents with an improved means to dispose of their waste which will overall provide clean water to their homes and standing water throughout the community. This will reduce the amounts of fatalities and diseases that are currently found within the community.
Household Septic System• We are currently arranging plans for our assessment trip this January 2013 to scope the site for a potential household septic system• A local sanitation engineer has provided us with a septic tank design that was intended for mainland conditions. However, due to San Mateos environmental challenges, this design will not suffice under the areas mangrove swamp. Therefore, we anticipate a mound septic system
August Pine Ridge, BelizeSchool Building Update
Cleveland State EWB project • The new school building provides additional space for the current overcrowded school that serves approximately 450 students and serves as a hurricane shelter for the general community • A project-specific assessment trip was completed in May 2010 and the floor plan for the school was finalized and approved by the community • Data on building material quality and availability was gathered along with material prices • Detailed site soil samples were collected and shipped to CSU’s campus for laboratory tests. Soil characteristics were incorporated into the school building’s foundation design • Soil characteristics for a leach field for the school building’s septic system were evaluated
Cleveland State EWB (cont.) • The skill level of local labor for construction was assessed • A Belizean Civil Engineering firm agreed to help the chapter with construction in Belize, paperwork required by the Central Building Authority (CBA) to secure construction approval and building codes used in-country A Preliminary Design Report (PDR) with all necessary design calculations and construction documents was submitted to EWB- USA for review and implementation was approved
Cleveland State EWB funding • The preliminary estimate for construction, furnishing and outfitting the school was ~$150k USD • The community agreed to raise $100k in cash and/or in-kind contributions (including labor) • The CSU Chapter agreed to raise up to $50k (Coyle/BOSSD helped in modest amounts) • The community applied for funds to the Belize Natural Energy Trust (a fund organized by an oil company) for $50k and to the Social Improvement Fund (an international development fund in the Caribbean) • (as of early August, the cost to date was ~$134k, with $61k from Belize and $73k from CSU EWB) • Construction began in April, 2011 and is now complete
CSU Project Manager/ Site Engineer and APR School Project CommitteeChairman Julio Magaña at the completion of the project.
Classroom tiled and ready for use. The door is only open when thebuilding is utilized as a hurricane shelter by the community. Similardoors allow passage throughout the building in safety.
Not everybody could be listed. We wish to also thank BASF, Parker HannifinCompany, and Belize Open Source, to name a few more.
While in Belize the leaking roof on the existing school was repaired.No more leaks. The black of the roof is the build up of ash from theburning of sugar cane. Because of the slope on the new school, eachpassing rain helps to keep the roof clean.
Anemometer installed on theroof of the other schoolbuilding. Data collected bythe students of APR isemailed to CSU engineeringstudents working closelywith Dr. Majid Rashidi andhis wind amplification turbinesystem to properly size thewind turbines.
CSU Students Amy Kalabon (left) and Alice Summerville (Right) level stone for theleach field on the school property.
Completion of pipe runs to septictanks behind the school. At thistime the tanks are sealed and thepipes all covered.
Distribution box walls poured, top was added the next day and everything is nowcovered with fill material.
The leach field with all the pipes set awaiting the final cover of 18 inches ofsoil.
CSU next stepsRich Obratil wrote, so on to our latest project.A team of students is working on designs for the water treatment. The goal is to get 1/2dozen options together and take them to Belize in January. Working with the waterboard and the community project committee a final decision can be made and the finaldesign work will begin. When the design is completed we will then have a better ideahow much the project will cost. Im working with the Cleveland Water Department toacquire water meters for August Pine Ridge as part of our first phase.Students are working with Dr. Majid Rashidi and his wind amplification turbine system toexamine the feasibility of wind energy.We are working to raise money for a trip to Belize in January (2-9). We are examiningyour aerial mapping presentation and may utilize some of the ideas to help with therefurbishing of the distribution system.
Blanca Torres wrote, “The aerial photo mapping seems very interesting. I sharedwith my children and sisters the images of our village I found in the link and theyjust loved them. As I mentioned, I welcome these opportunities where I caninvolve my students in new learning experiences. I am very interested inexposing them through your mapping project. We feel pride in having ourcommunity appear in internet pages and more if we are involved in getting thoseimages.
Cleveland State EWB update • Rich Obratil wrote, one of the classrooms in use at the moment, its nice to hear some of the students referring to the building as "beautiful” • The Social Investment Fund (SIF) has donated everything but labor for the computer lab so we have started to paint the computer room today • The estimate to completely finish the school, is about BZ$65k (US$32.5k) - BNE Charitable Trust is looking over the estimate and will let us know how much they will provide, right now they have committed to BZ$15k and the Ministry of Education BZ$5k • An inauguration for the building might be in mid-March • The chapter is beginning to gather resources to begin designing for the water project
Belize photos • Emphasis is on a February ’10 circuit from: • Belize City to the Mountain Pine Ridge, San Ignatio and Spanish Lookout • North to Orange Walk Town to August Pine Ridge • Back to Belize City with stop to look at fish farming at Sand Hill