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2014 update, Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development and Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) in northern Belize


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2014 update, Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development and Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) in northern Belize Patrick Coyle EWB-SFP, Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development, Public Laboratory for LLNL- November, 2014

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2014 update, Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development and Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) in northern Belize

  1. 1. Belize  Open  Source  -­‐  Sustainable  Development  and   Engineers  Without  Borders-­‐USA   (EWB-­‐USA)  in  northern  Belize     Patrick  Coyle     EWB-­‐SFP,  Belize  Open  Source  -­‐  Sustainable  Development,     Public  Laboratory   for  LLNL-­‐  November,  2014  
  2. 2. Agenda   •  Overview:  Belize  Open  Source  -­‐   Sustainable  Development   •  Overview:   •  Engineers  Without  Borders-­‐ USA  (EWB-­‐USA)   •  Engineers  Without  Borders  —   San  Francisco  Professional   Chapter  (EWB-­‐SFP)     •  Status  update:  Five  EWB  chapter   projects  in  northern  Belize   •  Belize  kite  aerial  photo-­‐mapping   results   •   EWB  Nicaragua  composJng  toilets     •  More  photos   •  Belize  Open  Source  40-­‐acre  site   looking  toward  August  Pine   Ridge  village  
  3. 3. What  is  Belize  Open  Source  -­‐   Sustainable  Development?   •  Belize  Open  Source  -­‐  Sustainable  Development,  as  a   501(c)(3)  non-­‐profit,     •  promotes  environmentally  and  socially  sustainable   development   •  invites  collaboraJon  on  an  open  source  approach  to   develop  and  parJcipate  in  a  land-­‐based  learning  and   community  outreach  center  on  a    working  farm  on  40   acres  in  northwestern  Belize   •  partners  with  EWB-­‐USA  to  collaborate  with  EWB   chapters  on  projects  
  4. 4. Summary:  HOME  donaJons   leveraged  with  matching   Year   HOME   Pledges DonaJons   EWB   Matched   August  Pine   Ridge  school   Muffles   College   Total   Donated   2014   $2520     $1500*   -­‐   $500*   2013   $1768     $1500*   $1500*   $500*   2012   $2060   $1500   $1500   $500   -­‐   2011   $2800   $1500   $1500   $500   $500   2010   $500   $500   $500   $500   Total   $9648   $6500   $5000   $2500   $500   $14500     *Projected:   No  2014   chapter   match   Starts  12/2  
  5. 5. AcJviJes:  Belize  Open  Source  -­‐   Sustainable  Development   •  Donate  HOME  donaJons  to  EWB  chapters  working  in   Belize,  prior  years  matched  with  year-­‐end  funds  from  EWB-­‐ USA   •  Muffles  school:  $500  for  emergency  construcJon  of  new   sepJc  tank   •  August  Pine  Ridge  school:   •  $500  for  public  address  system   •  $500  for  teachers’  texts  and  filing  cabinet  for  new   classrooms   •  $500  to  replace  termite  damaged  wooden  classroom   windows  with  metal  hurricane  shuders   •  $500 for bike racks   •  $500 for  mulJpurpose  room  
  6. 6. AcJviJes:  Belize  Open  Source  -­‐   Sustainable  Development  (cont.)   •  Raised  funds  and  built  first  visitors’  accommodaJons  at   BOSSD  for  the  CSU  EWB  team  during  their  visits  to   construct  the  new  classroom  building  in  August  Pine   Ridge   •  ConJnuing  to  seek  a  US  Rotary  club  to  partner  with  Belize   Orange  Walk  Rotary  and  the  CSU  EWB  August  Pine  Ridge   project   •  IniJated  DIY  aerial  photo-­‐mapping  program:  engaged   schools  and  made  iniJal  set  of  maps   •  Developing  programs  to  use  the  Belize  property   •  Passed  through  donaJon  to  EWB-­‐SFP  Nicaragua   composJng  toilets  
  7. 7. Agenda   •  Updates  and  status:  Belize  Open   Source  -­‐  Sustainable  Development   •  Engineers  Without  Borders-­‐USA   (EWB-­‐USA)   •  Engineers  Without  Borders  —  San   Francisco  Professional  Chapter   (EWB-­‐SFP)     •  Updates  and  status:  Three  EWB   chapter  projects  in  northern  Belize   •  Belize  photos   •  Road  past  Belize  Open  Source   40-­‐acre  site    toward  August  Pine   Ridge  village   EWB-­‐USA  vision  and  mission   Vision  is  a  world   in  which  all   communiJes   have  the   capacity  to  meet   their  basic   human  needs     Supports  community-­‐driven  development  programs   worldwide  through  the  design  and  implementaJon  of   sustainable  engineering  projects,  while  fostering   responsible  leadership    
  8. 8. EWB-­‐USA  Growth   2000   8  Members   1  Chapter     1  Project   2014   14,700  Members   ~  300  Chapters     684+  Programs   39  countries  
  9. 9. •  Established  in  2004   •  ~  200  acJve  members   •  7  infrastructure  programs   •  2  Appropriate  Technology   Design  Team  (ATDT)   projects   •  ExecuJve  Commidee  and   support  commidees   provide  chapter   management,  fundraising,   and  publicity   EWB-­‐SFP  NaJon’s  1st  Professional  Chapter  
  10. 10. EWB-­‐SFP  Programs  and  LocaJons   Kenya   Water  Supply   El  Salvador     Water  &  SanitaIon   Fiji     Water  System   Kenya   Water  System   HaiI   Community  Health  Clinic   and  Solar  Power   Honduras   Bridge  ConstrucIon  &   Water  DistribuIon   Nicaragua   ATDT  ComposIng  Toilets   Water  distribuIon  –  solar   pump   Tanzania   Well  rebuilding,  water   DistribuIon  &  solar   pumping  
  11. 11. EWB  Project  Process  and   Commitment   •  Projects  have  a  non-­‐governmental  organizaJon  (NGO)  or   community  based  organizaJon  (CBO)  partner  acJng  as  a   liaison  to  the  community   •  Three  project  phases:   1.  Assessment   2.  Design  and  ImplementaJon   3.  Monitoring  and  EvaluaJon   •  Long-­‐term  infrastructure  projects  have  a  minimum  5-­‐year   commitment  to  the  community   •  Appropriate  technology  projects  vary  in  length  depending   on  the  requirements  of  the  NGO  and  community  
  12. 12. What’s  the  connecJon?   •  Coyle  is  founder  and  a  Director  of  Belize  Open  Source  -­‐   Sustainable  Development,  a  501(c)(3)  non-­‐profit   •  Lead  for  EWB-­‐SFP  Appropriate  Technology  Design  Team   and  Co-­‐president  for  EWB  West  Coast  Region   •  Serves  on  EWB-­‐USA  West  Coast  Technical  Advisory  Team   and  leads  monthly  team  reviews  of  project  applicaJons   •  Authored  EWB  applicaJon  for  the  August  Pine  Ridge   Community  Improvement  Program  –  the  new  classroom   building  has  now  been  completed  by  EWB-­‐Cleveland   State,  water  quality  improvements  in  design   •  Public  Lab  organizer:  presented  at  EWB  Regional   Workshops  and  EWB  InternaJonal  on  “Simple,   Inexpensive  Aerial  Photomapping  with  Balloons  or  Kites”   and  mapped  sites  with  students  in  Belize  
  13. 13. Belize  Open  Source  -­‐  Sustainable   Development  and  EWB  chapters   •  We’ve  supported    five  EWB  chapters  working  in  northern   Belize   •  Cleveland  State  University,  August  Pine  Ridge   •  Iowa  State  University,  Trinidad   •  Lamar  University,  Chunox  in  the  Corozol  District   •  Texas  A&M,  San  Mateo  on  Ambergris  Caye   •  Oregon  State  University,  Valley  of  Peace  (new)  
  14. 14. Two  EWB  chapters  projects  are   acJve   •  This  year  we’ll  support  the  two  EWB  chapters  with  acJve   projects  in  northern  Belize   •  Cleveland  State  University,  August  Pine  Ridge   •  Lamar  University,  Chunox  in  the  Corozol  District   • The  EWB  Cleveland  State  University  August  Pine  Ridge   classroom  building  project  is    complete.  They  are  working  on   water  quality  improvements   • Lamar  University  is  fundraising  to  implement  sanitaJon   system  leach  field  
  15. 15. Other  EWB  chapter  projects  are   closed   •  These  three  EWB  chapters  completed,  cancelled,  or  were   unable  to  launch  their  projects   •  Iowa  State  University,  Trinidad:  completed,  closed   •  Texas  A&M,  San  Mateo  on  Ambergris  Caye:  cancelled   •  Oregon  State  University,  Valley  of  Peace  (new):  unable   to  launch  
  16. 16. Where  is  Belize?  
  17. 17. Belize  up  close   •  Belize  is  small:  About  175  miles,   north-­‐south,  by  80  miles  wide   •  It  has  diverse  land  regions:  cayes,   barrier  reef,  beaches,  tropical  rain   forests,    caves  with  rivers  running   into  them,  mountain  pine  ridge,  and   savannahs  (where  we  are)   •  Belize  is  small  enough  and   transportaJon  is  good  enough  that  a   stop  at  Belize  Open  Source  can  be   included  as  part  of  your  iJnerary,   along  with  whatever  else  you  choose   to  do  in  Belize   •  If  you  visit  Belize  and  volunteer  with   BOSSD,  a  reasonable  porJon  of  your   trip  expenses  can  be  tax  deducJble  
  18. 18. How  to  get  involved   •  Contact  me:     •   •  Belize  Open  Source:  hdp://   •  SFP-­‐EWB:  hdp://ewb-­‐   •  EWB-­‐USA:  hdp://www.ewb-­‐   •  Individual  chapters  and  projects  are  accessible  through  the   EWB-­‐USA  website   •  Public  Lab:  hdp://    
  19. 19. How  to  donate  to  chapters   I’ll  be  donaJng  to  the  two  chapters  sJll  working  in  Belize  –   websites  are  in  preparaJon  to  take  donaJons  starJng  in   December.  EWB-­‐USA’s  partners  aren’t  matching  chapter  donaJons   this  year   •  hdps:// fundraisingforbelize.htm   •  hdps:// lamaruniversityinbelize.htm  
  20. 20. August Pine Ridge, Belize School Building Update
  21. 21. Cleveland  State  EWB  project   •  The  new  school  building  provides  addiJonal  space  for  the   current  overcrowded  school  that  serves  approximately  450   students  and  serves  as  a  hurricane  shelter  for  the  general   community   •  A  project-­‐specific  assessment  trip  was  completed  in   May  2010  and  the  floor  plan  for  the  school  was   finalized  and  approved  by  the  community   •  Data  on  building  material  quality  and  availability  was   gathered  along  with  material  prices   •  Detailed  site  soil  samples  were  collected  and  shipped   to  CSU’s  campus  for  laboratory  tests.  Soil   characterisJcs  were  incorporated  into  the  school   building’s  foundaJon  design   •  Soil  characterisJcs  for  a    leach  field  for  the  school   building’s  sepJc  system  were  evaluated      
  22. 22. Cleveland  State  EWB  (cont.)   •  The  skill  level  of  local  labor  for  construcJon  was  assessed   •  A  Belizean  Civil  Engineering  firm  agreed  to  help  the   chapter  with  construcJon  in  Belize,  paperwork  required   by  the  Central  Building  Authority  (CBA)  to  secure   construcJon  approval  and  building  codes  used  in-­‐country   A  Final  Design  Report  (FDR)  with  all  necessary  design   calculaJons  and  construcJon  documents  was  submided  to  EWB-­‐ USA  for  review  and  implementaJon  was  approved  
  23. 23. Floor  plan  –  classroom  building    
  24. 24. Cleveland  State  EWB  funding   •  The  preliminary  esJmate  for  construcJon,  furnishing  and   outiung  the  school  was  ~$150k  USD   •  The  community  agreed  to  raise  $100k  in  cash  and/or   in-­‐kind  contribuJons  (including  labor)   •  The  CSU  Chapter  agreed  to  raise  up  to  $50k  (Coyle/ BOSSD  helped  in  modest  amounts)   •  The  community  applied  for  funds  to  the  Belize  Natural   Energy  Trust  (a  fund  organized  by  an  oil  company)  for   $50k  and  to  the  Social  Improvement  Fund  (an   internaJonal  development  fund  in  the  Caribbean)   •  (as  of  early  August  ‘12,  the  cost  to  date  was  ~$134k,   with  $61k  from  Belize  and  $73k  from  CSU  EWB)   •  ConstrucJon  began  in  April,  2011  and  was  completed   in  2012  
  25. 25. CSU Project Manager/ Site Engineer and APR School Project Committee Chairman Julio Magaña at the completion of the project.
  26. 26. Classroom tiled and ready for use. The door is only open when the building is utilized as a hurricane shelter by the community. Similar doors allow passage throughout the building in safety.
  27. 27. Not everybody could be listed. We wish to also thank BASF, Parker Hannifin Company, and Belize Open Source, to name a few more.
  28. 28. While in Belize the leaking roof on the existing school was repaired. No more leaks. The black of the roof is the build up of ash from the burning of sugar cane. Because of the slope on the new school, each passing rain helps to keep the roof clean.
  29. 29. Anemometer installed on the roof of the other school building. Data collected by the students of APR is emailed to CSU engineering students working closely with Dr. Majid Rashidi and his wind amplification turbine system to properly size the wind turbines.
  30. 30. CSU Students Amy Kalabon (left) and Alice Summerville (Right) level stone for the leach field on the school property.
  31. 31. Completion of pipe runs to septic tanks behind the school. At this time the tanks are sealed and the pipes all covered.
  32. 32. Distribution box walls poured, top was added the next day and everything is now covered with fill material.
  33. 33. The leach field with all the pipes set awaiting the final cover of 18 inches of soil.
  34. 34. TBD description.
  35. 35. TBD description.
  36. 36. TBD description.
  37. 37. TBD description.
  38. 38. TBD description.
  39. 39. TBD description.
  40. 40. TBD description.
  41. 41. CSU  next  steps   Mid-October, 2014, Ryan Polder, chapter president, provided updates: •  Sent pictures from latest trip in March and reported on the water project update submitted for Alcoa grant •  Wrapping up the design of the water system •  Planning to travel when that is finished and start acquiring materials •  Excited about the future of the project, as are a large number of people in the college. There has been a large amount of interest generated in joining our organization among our peers, and attendance at the last general chapter meeting was about double (maybe even more) than what we typically expect •  Primarily concerned with staying in August Pine Ridge for the immediate future
  42. 42. CSU  next  steps   • The team was awarded the 2013 NCEES Engineering Award for Connecting Professional Practice and Education, $25,000 grand prize for its submission, Design, Funding, and Construction of the August Pine Ridge School/Hurricane Shelter in Belize – the funds will be used to repay repay part of the university loans for construction costs. • Awarded $10,000 for Alcoa Creation of a Global Engineer Grant for Water Quality and Alternative Energy project • The August Pine Ridge Water Board has done a pilot program with water meters to prepare for metering and use-based fees to encourage water conservation and reduce operating costs. • Students continue working with Dr. Majid Rashidi and his wind amplification turbine system to examine the feasibility of wind energy. Solar is also being considered.
  43. 43. Alcoa  CreaJon  of  a  Global  Engineer   Grant:  Interim  Report   Completed final assessment trip for Water Quality and Alternative Energy project •  Proposed the water treatment plant design to the community - plan to install a four tank water filtration system to rid their water of hardness, pesticides, and other unsatisfactory chemicals to allow for potable consumption •  Performed final water quality testing for both municipal and ground water sources •  Installed solar panel panel for feasibility testing is currently being monitored for electrical output levels. The electricity is being used to supplement the electrical demands of the local elementary school •  From meeting with community and water board, have identified a community contractor to assist in construction of the treatment plant
  44. 44. Water Quality Testing Photo (left to right) Anna Florian, Stephen Kolbus, and Michael Sutadji taken by Norbert Delatte
  45. 45. Installation of Solar Panel Photo of Michael Sutadji taken by Anna Florian
  46. 46. Discussion Panel with Community over Water Treatment Design Presentation Photo of Community members taken by Michael Sutadji
  47. 47. Lamar  University,  village  of  Chunox   in  the  Corozol  District     •  Implement  sanitaJon  system  for  the  St.  Viatore  vocaJonal  high   school   •  Performed  test  to  determine  water  quality,  soil  type,  soil   percolaJon,  water  table,  land  survey  (for  a  percolaJon   field),  located  a  site  for  the  bathrooms   •  Formed  Memorandum  of  Understanding  with  the  school  –   •  we  will  provide  materials  and  design   •   the  school  will  provide  labor,  some  lodging  and  meals   •  Currently  working  on  alternaJves  Analysis:  our  preferred   alternaJve  is  a  standard  flush  toilet.  The  effluent  waste  will   be  treated  by  a  percolaJon  field  
  48. 48. Lamar  next  steps   In October, Laura Soto, the new chapter president, provided updates: •  Speaking to members of the Spindletop Rotary Club here in Beaumont, TX to find out more about Rotary funding •  Although the project design has been completed, mentor has warned that may need adjustments to the design and travel plan/budget. If so, have 4 skilled/ experienced engineers who will not take long to make the adjustments •  After mentor review, will be able to turn it into EWB –USA HQ •  Hope to apply for EWB-grants for the 2015 Spring semester •  Will be having a softball tournament fundraiser in the spring of 2015 as well as a Gala possibly in late may 2015 or fall 2015. Plan to get speaker from Betchel, and hopefully some sponsorship from DuPont. We are hopeful that both of our fundraisers will be successful •  Provided design drawings of the percolation field and the site plan •  Because of cost, chapter has decided not to construct the restroom facility. Design is complete and has potential to become a part of the project if find a way to fund it
  49. 49. •  Established in 2008 •  Consists of over 20 current members •  Started our first project in 2009 •  Traveled to Belize for the first time in 2010 About Lamar University Chapter
  50. 50. !  We have raised about $25,000. !  We are fundraising and preparing grant applications for the balance of the estimated $50k total. !  Final design is complete and approved by EWB-USA - just need the funding.
  51. 51. LocaIon   Official  Address:   St.  Viator  High  School   1.5  mi.  beyond  Chunox  Village   Chunox  –  Sarteneja  Road   P.O.  Box  330   Corozal  Town  
  52. 52. Ferry  
  53. 53. St.  Viator  VocaIonal  High  School  
  54. 54. Cafeteria  
  55. 55. Water  Supply   •     Water  line  from  Chunox     •     Chunox  uses  reverse  osmosis  on   community  water   •     There  is  no  water  filtration  on  site   •     Supplies  Cafeteria   •     School  Well,  pond   •     Supplies  shower,  animals,  and  crops  
  56. 56. Pit  Latrine  Bathrooms  
  57. 57. Status:  grassroots  aerial   photomapping  program  in  Belize   •  During  9-­‐day  trip  in  February  ’13,  engaged  schools  to  develop   capabiliJes  and  make  iniJal  set  of  maps  (Belize  Open  Source  property,   August  Pine  Ridge  school  classrooms  and  surrounding  community,  and   Muffles  College)   •  Posted  Research  Notes  on  Public  Lab,  in  context  of  a  plan  to:   •  develop  capabiliJes,   •  archive,  access  and  communicate  with  the  images,   •  implement  training  through  classes  in  local  schools,   •  conJnue  with  ongoing  workshops  for  future  visitors  to  extend   techniques  and  map  more  of  the  country's  sites  of  interest  with   emphasis  on  community  needs  and  benefits  to  local  users,  as  well   as  some  the  gorgeous  sites   •  August  Pine  Ridge  school  and  Muffles  College  Environmental  Sciences   program  parJcipated.  Jeff  Warren  and  Stewart  Long,  Public  Laboratory   for  Open  Technology  and  Science,  have  parJcipated  in  planning  
  58. 58. Blanca Torres, principal of the August Pine Ridge school, wrote, “The aerial photo mapping seems very interesting. I shared with my children and sisters the images of our village … and they just loved them. … I welcome these opportunities where I can involve my students in new learning experiences. I am very interested in exposing them through your mapping project. We feel pride in having our community appear in internet pages and more if we are involved in getting those images.”
  59. 59. 2013  August  Pine  Ridge  RC  school  mapping   session  
  60. 60. TBD description.
  61. 61. TBD description.
  62. 62. In progress and completed new classroom building Richard Obratil, former Chapter President, Project Manager/Site Engineer EWB-Cleveland State University Chapter, wrote, “... here is a picture of the building…”
  63. 63. 2013  Muffles  Junior  College,  Belize  mapping   sessions  
  64. 64. 2013  Muffles  Junior  College,  Belize  mapping   sessions  
  65. 65. Muffles  Junior  College,  Belize  mapping  sessions   •  Did two hands-on training and mapping sessions with Rafael Castillo, the faculty advisor, and the Environmental Club at the Muffles Junior College campus near Orange Walk Town •  Left them with a complete KAP mapping kit •  Put a sustainable mapping capability in place at Muffles which can serve the Environmental Science program
  66. 66. Site:  Belize  Open  Source   Sustainable  Development     •  This  40-­‐acre  rural  property   is  located  in  northwestern   Belize  near  the  Mexican   and  Guatemala  borders   about  16  miles  from   Orange  Walk  Town,   between  the  villages  of   August  Pine  Ridge  and  San   Felipe  and  3.5  miles  to  the   Rio  Hondo  Belize/Mexico   border   •  Google  Maps  shows  it,  but  unJl   recently,  two  more  clicks  in  and   you  ran  out  of  pixels  –  it’s  beder   now  
  67. 67. 2013  Belize  Open  Source  mapping  session  
  68. 68. 2013  Belize  Open  Source  mapping  session   Images  were  from  Canon  A1200  in  juice  bodle  rig  shooJng  in   conJnuous  mode  (Qstarz  gps  tracker  flown  as  well)  
  69. 69. 2013  Belize  Open  Source  mapping  session   Images  from  Delta  LevitaJon  
  70. 70. 2013  Belize  Open  Source  mapping  session   Natalio  Soliz  flying  the  kite  
  71. 71. 2014  Belize  Open  Source  mapping  sessions  
  72. 72. 2014  Belize  Open  Source  mapping  sessions  
  73. 73. SFP-­‐ATDT  ComposJng  Latrines  in   Nicaragua   •  In  2010,  EWB-­‐SFP  ATDT,  Alvarez  Co-­‐op,   Alcance  Nicaragua  (AN)  and  Outreach   InternaJonal  (OI),  built  ten  composJng   toilets  with  the  community  of  Los  Alvarez,   Nicaragua  (134  families,  ~  938  people)   •  95%  of  its  latrines  were  in  poor  condiJon.     These  latrines  flood  with  water  during  the   winter  and  fail  structurally,  resulJng  in   illnesses  due  to  exposure  to  fecal  mader   and  water  contaminaJon   •  The  environment  is  polluted  and   inhabitants  are  exposed  to  physical  harm   due  to  latrine  collapse   Completed  composJng   toilet  from  2010  pilot   implementaJon  trip  
  74. 74. Phase  1   •  In  April  2010,  EWB-­‐SFP  visited  Los  Alvarez  for  an  exploratory  trip   •  The  design  selected,  with  the  input  from  the  community,  was  a  two-­‐ compartment  composJng  latrine  that  would  allow  one   compartment  to  be  sealed  during  the  composJng  process   •  Planning  and  material  procurement  took  place  between  October-­‐ December  2010   •  ConstrucJon  took  place  in  January  2011  and  ten  composJng   latrines  were  built   •  Workshops  were  conducted  on  the  use  and  maintenance  of  the   composJng  latrines   •  blog:  hdp://  
  75. 75. ComposJng  Latrine  Status   •  The  first  composJng  toilets  are   working  great   •  User  acceptance  has  been  high   •  GeneraJon  and  use  of  compost  for   agricultural  applicaJons  has  been   successful   •  The  community  wants  more  units  
  76. 76. Phase  2  Planning   •  A  member  of  the  Alcance   Nicaragua  designed  and  built  a   “hybrid”  composJng  toilet  which   decreased  the  cost  by  half,  to   approximately  $300  per  toilet   Prototype  reduced  cost   redesigned  toilet  
  77. 77. Phase  2  Planning  (cont.)   •  Goal:  build  fourteen  composJng  toilets   in  El  Llanito  community  using  the  new   design  ($336/toilet)   •  Alcance  Nicaragua  responsibiliJes:   materials  procurement  and   transportaJon,  idenJfying  new   beneficiaries,  managing  the   construcJon,  and  collecJng   beneficiaries’  contribuJon  (40%  of  cost)  
  78. 78. Phase  2  Planning  (cont.)   •  July  2014:  AN  selects  parJcipants   •  August  2014:  Material  Procurement   prior  to  construcJon  start   •  August  19-­‐August  31:  ConstrucJon   •  Post  ConstrucJon:   •  DocumentaJon  
  79. 79. Phase  2  ConstrucIon   Preparing  foundaJon  
  80. 80. Phase  2  ConstrucIon  (cont.)   Concrete  in  foundaJon  form  
  81. 81. Phase  2  ConstrucIon  (cont.)   Building  the  vaults  
  82. 82. Phase  2  ConstrucIon  (cont.)   Sealing  the  vaults  with  plaster  coat  
  83. 83. Phase  2  ConstrucIon  (cont.)   Building  the  upper  structure  
  84. 84. Phase  2  ConstrucIon  (cont.)   Families  with  completed  toilets  
  85. 85. Families  a}er  workshop    
  86. 86. CSU  and  my  photos  
  87. 87. TBD description.
  88. 88. CSU  prior  photos