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2017 Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development and Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) in northern Belize

  1. Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development and Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) in northern Belize Patrick Coyle EWB-SFP, Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development, Public Laboratory for LLNL- November, 2017
  2. Agenda • Overview: Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development • Overview: • Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) and San Francisco Professional Chapter (EWB-SFP) • Status update: Donations and EWB projects in northern Belize • Belize kite aerial photo-mapping results • EWB Nicaragua composting toilets • EWB Nicaragua water supply project • More photos • Belize Open Source 40-acre site looking toward August Pine Ridge village
  3. What is Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development? • Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development, as a 501(c)(3) non-profit, • promotes environmentally and socially sustainable development • invites collaboration on an open source approach to develop and participate in a land-based learning and community outreach center on a working farm on 40 acres in northwestern Belize • partners with EWB-USA to collaborate with EWB chapters on projects
  4. Summary: HOME donations leveraged with matching HOME Donation Total Pledges EWB Donated 2017 $1,075 $1,000 - $500 $500 2016 $2,372 $1,000 - $500 $500 2015 $2,434 - - $500 $500 2014 $2,520 $1,500 - $500 2013 $1,768 $1,500 $1,500 $500 2012 $2,060 $1,500 $1,500 $500 - 2011 $2,800 $1,500 $1,500 $500 $500 2010 $500 $500 $500 $500 Total $15,529 $8,500 $5,000 $4,000 $2,000 $19,500 Year Matched August Pine Ridge school Muffles /Full Basket Belize
  5. Donations: Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development • EWB chapters working in Belize: in prior years matched with year-end funds from EWB-USA – priors completed or closed, one new program started and is underway • Muffles school: $500 for emergency construction of new septic tank • Full Basket Belize: $500 last three years for community grants • August Pine Ridge school: • $500 annually for priorities including: public address system, teachers’ texts and filing cabinet for new classrooms, replace termite damaged wooden classroom windows with metal hurricane shutters, bike racks, multipurpose room, add door to separate classrooms, stacking plastic chairs for parents meetings
  6. Front part of the room where new door added and existing door to two rooms Wall sealed to separate classrooms and new doorway entrance APR school project done with donation. Separated two classrooms that shared one door to avoid distractions between students in the classrooms
  7. Front part of the room where new door added and existing door to two rooms Wall sealed to separate classrooms and new doorway entrance APR school project done with donation. Separated two classrooms that shared one door to avoid distractions between students in the classrooms
  8. APR school project: New door to separated classroom in use
  9. Example of donated stacking chairs in use in classroom and at holiday festival
  10. Supported Full Basket Belize Full Basket Belize works to improve the education, health and environment of Belizean communities: primarily through Scholars and Community Grants Programs. Operational costs are covered by volunteered time and resources of FBB board members, so every cent donated goes directly to program beneficiaries
  11. Activities: Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development (cont.) • Raised funds and built first visitors’ accommodations at BOSSD for the CSU EWB team during their visits to construct the new classroom building in August Pine Ridge • Initiated DIY aerial photo-mapping program: engaged schools and made initial set of maps • Developing programs to use the Belize property
  12. Agenda • Updates and status: Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development • Engineers Without Borders-USA (EWB-USA) • Engineers Without Borders — San Francisco Professional Chapter (EWB-SFP) • Updates and status: Three EWB chapter projects in northern Belize • Belize photos • Road past Belize Open Source 40-acre site toward August Pine Ridge village EWB-USA vision and mission Vision is a world in which all communities have the capacity to meet their basic human needs Supports community-driven development programs worldwide through the design and implementation of sustainable engineering projects, while fostering responsible leadership
  13. EWB-USA Growth 2000 8 Members 1 Chapter 1 Project 2017 16,810 Members ~ 300 Chapters 698 Programs 46 countries > 3.1 million lives impacted
  14. • Established in 2004 • ~ 200 active members • 8 infrastructure programs • 1 R&D Group (was Appropriate Technology Design Team (ATDT)) project • Executive Committee and support committees provide chapter management, fundraising, and publicity EWB-SFP Nation’s 1st Professional Chapter
  15. EWB-SFP Programs and Locations Kenya Water Supply El Salvador Water & Sanitation Fiji Water System Kenya Water System Honduras Bridge Construction & Water Distribution Nicaragua R&D Group Composting Toilets, Water distribution – solar pump, Water supply system Tanzania Well rebuilding, water Distribution & solar pumping
  16. EWB Project Process and Commitment • Projects have a non-governmental organization (NGO) or community based organization (CBO) partner acting as a liaison to the community • Three project phases: 1. Assessment 2. Design and Implementation 3. Monitoring and Evaluation • Infrastructure projects have a minimum 5-year commitment to the community • Service Corps and R&D Group projects vary in length depending on the requirements of the NGO and community
  17. What’s the connection? • Coyle is founder and a Director of Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development, a 501(c)(3) non-profit • Lead for EWB-SFP R&D Group, Co-PM for El Llanito Nicaragua water supply project, past Co-president EWB West Coast Region, serves on Design Review Teams, led team reviews of incoming project applications • Authored EWB application for the August Pine Ridge Community Improvement Program – the new classroom building has been completed by EWB-Cleveland State program closed out • Public Lab organizer: presented at EWB Regional Workshops and EWB International on “Simple, Inexpensive Aerial Photomapping with Balloons or Kites” and mapped sites with students in Belize
  18. Belize Open Source - Sustainable Development and EWB chapters • We’ve supported five EWB chapters working in northern Belize • Cleveland State University, August Pine Ridge • Iowa State University, Trinidad • Lamar University, Chunox in the Corozol District • Texas A&M, San Mateo on Ambergris Caye • Oregon State University, Valley of Peace
  19. Last two of those EWB chapters closed out programs • The last two of these EWB chapters closed them out • Cleveland State University, August Pine Ridge classroom building project is complete. Their work on water quality improvements and renewable energy was not adequately supported by the community • Lamar University, Chunox in the Corozol District sanitation system leach field work was overtaken by events and no longer needed
  20. Other EWB chapter projects are closed • These three EWB chapters completed, cancelled, or were unable to launch their projects • Iowa State University, Trinidad: completed, closed • Texas A&M, San Mateo on Ambergris Caye: cancelled • Oregon State University, Valley of Peace: unable to launch
  21. A new EWB chapter project has been approved in Belize The Sacramento Valley Professional Chapter completed an assessment trip in 2017 and plans an implementation trip in 2018 • Sarteneja Village near Corozol urgently needs assistance for effective drainage within the village to manage water flow in flood events • In last two years, water as high as five feet has flooded homes and disrupted the community
  22. Where is Belize?
  23. Belize up close • Belize is small: About 175 miles, north-south, by 80 miles wide • It has diverse land regions: cayes, barrier reef, beaches, tropical rain forests, caves with rivers running into them, mountain pine ridge, and savannahs (where we are) • Belize is small enough and transportation is good enough that a stop at Belize Open Source can be included as part of your itinerary, along with whatever else you choose to do in Belize • If you visit Belize and volunteer with BOSSD, a reasonable portion of your trip expenses can be tax deductible
  24. How to get involved • Contact me: • • Belize Open Source: • SFP-EWB: • EWB-USA: • Individual chapters and projects are accessible through the EWB-USA website • Public Lab:
  25. August Pine Ridge, Belize School Building Update
  26. Cleveland State EWB project • The new school building provides additional space for the current overcrowded school that serves approximately 450 students and serves as a hurricane shelter for the general community • A project-specific assessment trip was completed in May 2010 and the floor plan for the school was finalized and approved by the community • Data on building material quality and availability was gathered along with material prices • Detailed site soil samples were collected and shipped to CSU’s campus for laboratory tests. Soil characteristics were incorporated into the school building’s foundation design • Soil characteristics for a leach field for the school building’s septic system were evaluated
  27. Cleveland State EWB (cont.) • The skill level of local labor for construction was assessed • A Belizean Civil Engineering firm agreed to help the chapter with construction in Belize, paperwork required by the Central Building Authority (CBA) to secure construction approval and building codes used in-country A Final Design Report (FDR) with all necessary design calculations and construction documents was submitted to EWB- USA for review and implementation was approved
  28. Floor plan – classroom building
  29. Cleveland State EWB funding • The preliminary estimate for construction, furnishing and outfitting the school was ~$150k USD • The community agreed to raise $100k in cash and/or in-kind contributions (including labor) • The CSU Chapter agreed to raise up to $50k (Coyle/BOSSD helped in modest amounts) • The community applied for funds to the Belize Natural Energy Trust (a fund organized by an oil company) for $50k and to the Social Improvement Fund (an international development fund in the Caribbean) • (as of early August ‘12, the cost to date was ~$134k, with $61k from Belize and $73k from CSU EWB) • Construction began in April, 2011 and was completed in 2012
  30. CSU Project Manager/ Site Engineer and APR School Project Committee Chairman Julio Magaña at the completion of the project.
  31. Classroom tiled and ready for use. The door is only open when the building is utilized as a hurricane shelter by the community. Similar doors allow passage throughout the building in safety.
  32. Not everybody could be listed. We wish to also thank BASF, Parker Hannifin Company, and Belize Open Source, to name a few more.
  33. CSU Students Amy Kalabon (left) and Alice Summerville (Right) level stone for the leach field on the school property.
  34. Completion of pipe runs to septic tanks behind the school. At this time the tanks are sealed and the pipes all covered.
  35. Distribution box walls poured, top was added the next day and everything is now covered with fill material.
  36. The leach field with all the pipes set awaiting the final cover of 18 inches of soil.
  37. TBD description.
  38. TBD description.
  39. TBD description.
  40. TBD description.
  41. TBD description.
  42. TBD description.
  43. TBD description.
  44. Status: grassroots aerial photomapping program in Belize • During 9-day trip in February ’13, engaged schools to develop capabilities and make initial set of maps (Belize Open Source property, August Pine Ridge school classrooms and surrounding community, and Muffles College) • Posted Research Notes on Public Lab, in context of a plan to: • develop capabilities, archive, access and communicate with the images, implement training through classes in local schools, continue with ongoing workshops for future visitors to extend techniques and map more of the country's sites of interest with emphasis on community needs and benefits to local users, as well as some the gorgeous sites • August Pine Ridge school and Muffles College Environmental Sciences program participated. Mapping has continued
  45. Blanca Torres, principal of the August Pine Ridge school, wrote, “The aerial photo mapping seems very interesting. I shared with my children and sisters the images of our village … and they just loved them. … I welcome these opportunities where I can involve my students in new learning experiences. I am very interested in exposing them through your mapping project. We feel pride in having our community appear in internet pages and more if we are involved in getting those images.”
  46. 2013 August Pine Ridge RC school mapping session
  47. TBD description.
  48. TBD description.
  49. In progress and completed new classroom building Richard Obratil, former Chapter President, Project Manager/Site Engineer EWB-Cleveland State University Chapter, wrote, “... here is a picture of the building…”
  50. 2013 Muffles Junior College, Belize mapping sessions
  51. 2013 Muffles Junior College, Belize mapping sessions
  52. Muffles Junior College, Belize mapping sessions• Did two hands-on training and mapping sessions with Rafael Castillo, the faculty advisor, and the Environmental Club at the Muffles Junior College campus near Orange Walk Town • Left them with a complete KAP mapping kit • Put a sustainable mapping capability in place at Muffles which can serve the Environmental Science program
  53. Site: Belize Open Source Sustainable Development • This 40-acre rural property is located in northwestern Belize near the Mexican and Guatemala borders about 16 miles from Orange Walk Town, between the villages of August Pine Ridge and San Felipe and 3.5 miles to the Rio Hondo Belize/Mexico border • Google Maps shows it, but until recently, two more clicks in and you ran out of pixels – it’s better now
  54. 2013 Belize Open Source mapping session
  55. 2013 Belize Open Source mapping session Images were from Canon A1200 in juice bottle rig shooting in continuous mode (Qstarz gps tracker flown as well)
  56. 2013 Belize Open Source mapping session Images from Delta Levitation
  57. 2013 Belize Open Source mapping session Natalio Soliz flying the kite
  58. 2014 Belize Open Source mapping sessions
  59. 2014 Belize Open Source mapping sessions
  60. SFP-ATDT Composting Latrines in Nicaragua • In 2010, EWB-SFP ATDT, Alvarez Co-op, Alcance Nicaragua (AN) and Outreach International (OI), built ten composting toilets with the community of Los Alvarez, Nicaragua (134 families, ~ 938 people) • 95% of its latrines were in poor condition. These latrines flood with water during the winter and fail structurally, resulting in illnesses due to exposure to fecal matter and water contamination • The environment is polluted and inhabitants are exposed to physical harm due to latrine collapse Completed composting toilet from 2010 pilot implementation trip
  61. Project Background • Families in Nicaragua have had successful results with composting latrines as a sustainable solution to their health and sanitation problems which also provides valuable organic fertilizer – In 2010 Engineers Without Borders San Francisco Professionals (EWB-SFP) built ten units in Los Alvarez – in 2014 EWB-SFP built fourteen more in nearby El Llanito • Our NGO partner, Alcance Nicaragua (AN), has monitored these toilets since 2011 – They are working great and have high user acceptance – Families are able to harvest organic fertilizer worth about $80/cycle • The design has evolved, is cost effective compared with conventional latrines, and inexpensive upgrades have improved the integrity of the structure
  62. Current status • Rotary clubs of Livermore and Masaya, Nicaragua partnered with NGO, Alcance Nicaragua (AN), on a Global Grant (GG) for $37.5k for: – almost 90 more urine-diverting-dual-vault composting toilets – in four communities: El Llanito and Los Alvarez, near Santa Lucia; and El Tunel, and La Prusia near Masaya. EWB-SFP provided technical support • The Rotary Club of Castro Valley contributed DDF and EWB-SFP donated $5k • The week before Easter 2017, Rotary Masaya transferred the funds to Alcance Nicaragua and the work began – construction and training is complete
  63. Sustainability is key to the success of this work • Both Rotary and EWB insist on sustainable, measurable outcomes for international projects • Our NGO partner, Alcance Nicaragua (AN), uses a Human Participatory Development Process (HDP) that drives sustainability – This process is slow, and involves working to develop relationships with communities – Community members are empowered to identify the problems in their community and find ways to solve the problems – Community participation bolsters confidence and invokes action in the people to help communities become self-reliant rather than dependent on NGOs I witnessed the results of this process – individuals and community leadership groups talked of their experience with the process
  64. NGO has offices in Masaya and Santa Lucia – drive time from airport to Santa Lucia is about two hours, to Masaya about 45 minutes
  65. Training builders
  66. Meeting with families
  67. Delivering materials
  68. Delivering materials
  69. Moving materials to homes
  70. Moving materials to homes
  71. Moving materials to homes
  72. Rotarian Martha Castillo signing contracts with builders
  73. Construction of slab and base vaults
  74. Construction of base vaults, anchor bolts in corners
  75. Construction of “casita”
  76. “Business end” – composting vaults and seat with urine diverter
  77. Before – pit latrines in poor condition, or none
  78. Families with their completed composting latrines
  79. Talking with community about their needs and experience with the composting latrines project
  80. Training workshop on maintenance and operation, and hygiene
  81. Next steps and future plans • We’ll complete, report on, and close out this Global Grant project • We’ll work on our other two Global Grants for Nicaragua, for a water supply system, and with Area 4 for Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH) in rural schools • We’ll explore opportunities to do more composting latrines with our Area 4 club partners – many more families in these and other communities need them • There are other opportunities in these communities. Our NGO partner has done: – ecological stoves – water storage and rainwater collection – community based microloan program A red-eye from SFO gets you to Nicaragua by mid-morning
  82. Ecological stoves: reduce respiratory health issues from indoor smoke and use less wood
  83. Water storage and rainwater collection: improve water security
  84. Microloan program: improve family life with small loans
  85. Future plans • EWB-USA's Nicaragua office offers a particularly interesting opportunity • Our SFP chapter has: • an existing infrastructure project for water supply in El Limon, • the R&D Group composting toilets, • a new water supply system project in Nicaragua – which means we will be engaged for a minimum of five more years • Rotary GG application for the water supply system has been approved and the EWB design is in process • Our EWB team traveled to Nicaragua in November ‘16 on an assessment for the water supply project. I traveled in May ‘17 for the composting latrines and stopped in Belize on way back Nicaragua is easy to visit: A red-eye from SFO gets you to Managua by mid-morning. Stopping in Belize makes sense
  86. EWB-SFP/UC Berkeley Project: Water Pumping, Storage, and Distribution System for Existing Well EL Llanito, Nicaragua Janna Abad/Susan Witebsky/Pat Coyle for SFP Executive Committee Meeting August 2017
  87. Background • 2014 - Alcance Nicaragua Water pumping, storage, and distribution system for well in El Llanito • 2016 - Last spring, Project and SFP application approved by EWB-USA
  88. Program Goal Statement - 901 “Our program is a Water Supply project in which we strive to improve public and environmental health through provision of a reliable, high-quality source of potable water via the electric pump and storage system. We also aim to positively influence changes in behavior by improving and supporting: access to services, technical knowledge related to projects, community organization, and community self-advocacy.”
  89. PMEL Expected Results - 905 Access: Greater community access to high quality water. Economic: Reduced time investment in water gathering, less work time lost to illness. Public Health: Improved public health for the community. Behavior: Potential for more community interaction around the water distribution location; more time available for other activities. Technical Knowledge: Community training on importance of water quality on health, training on wells and aquifers, pump and electrical maintenance and operation, water storage and transport maintenance and operation. Sustainability: Community continues maintenance and operations of well for continued, sustainable access to well water.
  90. Assessment Trip: 11/28 - 12/2 2016 Key Objectives: • Pumping Test • Storage Tank Locations • Pipe Routing for Gravity Fed Water Distribution • Soil/Groundwater/Hydrology/Topography Data • Construction Equipment/Materials Availability and Transportation
  91. Map View of Drive to Project NGO has offices in Masaya and Santa Lucia – the drive from airport to Santa Lucia/El Llanito is about 90km, two hours
  92. Well Location in El Llanito People in Santa Lucia, town to the southeast, use well during droughts
  93. Assessment Trip Results Go - No Go Decision: Positive Results - Definite Go Decision! ● Well able to sustain long-term pumping rate of 20-30 gpm ● Water of good quality based on sample results ● Land survey of area confirmed nearly all of the homes are below proposed tank site ● Community very engaged with project and eager to help make it a success
  94. Surveying Activities and Results ● Total station survey of the entire El Llanito community area using a local surveying contractor ● Included the well site, potential pipeline routes throughout the community, existing roadways, some foot paths, and routes to community-proposed location for a water storage tank ● Proposed tank location can serve all but the highest houses via a gravity-fed distribution system ● Survey data are being used for design of the distribution system
  95. Well Pumping Test ● Performed by local contractor: replaced hand pump with temporary electric pump ● Well’s measured depth is 100 feet, depth to water at start of test was 28.4 feet ● Well pumped at rates of up to 33 gpm for a total of 5 hours and 35 minutes, followed by 2-hour recovery test Down-hole end of hand pump removed for test
  96. Pumping Test Results ● At the end of pumping, >10,000 gallons of water had been discharged, resulting in 20 feet of drawdown ● Well capable of a pumping rate between 20 and 30 gpm for up to 10 hours per day ● Data will support the pump sizing and storage tank capacity
  97. Water Quality Sample Baseline sample collected for water quality analysis ● Collected water sample ~3 hours into pumping test ● Sample was transported to Universidad Nacional de Ingenieria Laboratory ● Analyzed for general water quality constituents including coliform, pH, turbidity, hardness, and selected metals and anions
  98. Water Quality Test Results Water is of good quality, not contaminated by human or animal waste ● Concentrations were below their respective (Nicaraguan) maximum values for all of the parameters with two exceptions ● Total coliform is present, but no fecal coliform (type that is harmful to human health) ● Electrical conductivity exceeds recommended maximum concentration. This constituent is indicative of aesthetic concerns, such as taste, and not a risk to human health
  99. Community Engagement ● Conducted formal EWB/Community/NGO meetings • On arrival reviewed trip objectives, sought community input, and addressed questions • Upon completion summarized results and laid out next steps ● NGO Partner Alcance Nicaragua • Community Liaison • Collected population density data by area • Assisted with design of water-distribution point locations and pipe routing options • Aided with potential locations for additional water tanks
  100. Water Use Observations Team stayed in homes of community members ● Observed household gathering, storage, and uses of water ● Asked hosts and others in the community about their water-use needs and practices ● Information supports both design parameters and PMEL data requirements
  101. Assessment Trip Conclusions ● Viable project, worth continuing ● Topographic survey results: • Proposed tank elevation: 2,135’ • Well pad elevation: 2,038’ • Elevation difference: 97’ ● Pumping test result: Sustainable rates of 20 to 30 gpm, with daily pumping not to exceed 10 hrs ● Engineering considerations: • Maximum water level drawdown at pump inlet is ~ 95’, for a total elevation delta to the tank of about 200’ • Friction and dynamic losses are estimated to contribute an additional 40% of head loss in the system, for approximately 280-foot total head loss (to be refined during system design)
  102. Current Status and Next Steps Currently: ● Preliminary design has been developed ● Fundraising • Rotary Global Grant application was approved 8/9/17, will provide $35.6k for the water system • Applying for SFP internal chapter grant of $6K • Other fundraisers ● Preparing rough project costs and will modify design as needed Next Steps: ● Prepare alternative engineering designs for review ● Present designs to community for input and revisions
  103. Team at Community Center 12/1/2016 – El Llanito community center with Alcance Nicaragua and team after exit meeting
  104. CSU and my photos
  105. TBD description.
  106. CSU prior photos