Expressió i interacció oral
Desenvolupament de la prova
La prova la fan dos candidats i l'avaluen dos professors-examinado...
Eating habits and health
Candidate A
According to a survey carried out in the United States, eating junk food regularly in...
Eating habits and health
Candidate B
Some people don't have a healthy diet and gain a lot of weight. Some of these people ...
CI SPEAKING EXAM TUTORIAL
PART 1 : ABOUT A PHOTO (4 minutes; in pairs)
Adjectives: colour, size, shape, quality, possessiv...
d. The people: detailed description
A: Whatdoes he look like?
B: The boy is rather fatand has short fair hair. He's wearin...
SOME USEFUL LANGUAGE
HOW TO:
GIVE A GENERAL INTRODUCTION
● This picture shows ….
● In this picture I can see
● This is a p...
CI SPEAKING EXAM TUTORIAL
PART 2 : ABOUT A TEXT (8 minutes; individually & in pairs)
Summarising the text
a. Summarise the...
CI SPEAKING EXAM TUTORIAL
PART 3 : TO KNOW MORE ON THE TOPIC (8 minutes; in pairs)
Telling a story (a childhood memory rel...
A: Have you ever been on a diet?
B: Once, and it was dead boring. I didn't like it much. For a fortnight I just had water ...
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Tips to prepare the 3rd level oral exam 1

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Tips to prepare the 3rd level oral exam 1

  1. 1. Expressió i interacció oral Desenvolupament de la prova La prova la fan dos candidats i l'avaluen dos professors-examinadors. Temps previst de preparació individual: 2 minuts per llegir el text (50-70 paraules), que s'haurà d'explicar, i per observar la fotografia. La prova té diverses parts. 1. Sobre la foto: (4 minuts en total; en parelles). Cadascun dels candidats té una fotografia. Sense mirar la fotografia del company els candidats es faran preguntes l'un a l'altre i comentaran les diferències i les similituds entre ambdues fotografies. 2. Sobre el text: (màxim 8 minuts; individual i en parelles). • El candidat o candidata ha d'explicar el que diu el text que ha llegit i escoltar l'explicació del company. • A continuació, els dos candidats han d'intercanviar les seves opinions sobre els textos i, si escau, sobre el tema. 3. Per saber-ne més: (màxim 8 minuts; en parelles). Els candidats es formularan i respondran mútuament preguntes, a partir d'uns enunciats, per intercanviar informació sobre qüestions relacionades amb el tema que s’està tractant. Cada candidat ha de començar pel primer enunciat. Els examinadors podran fer algunes preguntes, sobre el mateix tema, si ho creuen necessari. Màxim 2 minuts per candidat. Avaluació S'espera que el candidat realitzi les diferents parts de la prova cooperant amb el seu interlocutor i expressant-se amb fluïdesa de manera suficient, coherent i adequada, amb un control lingüístic apropiat per al nivell.
  2. 2. Eating habits and health Candidate A According to a survey carried out in the United States, eating junk food regularly increases the risk of becoming obese and developing type 2 diabetes. For 15 years experts have been analysing the eating habits of three thousand people and what effects these had on their physical condition. It was found that people who go to junk food restaurants twice a week have put on 4.5 kilos in weight more than those who only go one day. Taken and adapted from: http://www.loquesomos.org 1. Look at the picture and ask your partner for details about his/her picture to find similarities and differences between them. 2. Tell your partner what your text is about. Listen to each other and then exchange opinions about the topic and the content of the texts. 3. To know more on the topic In turns, ask your partner three questions about the following subjects and answer his/her questions. Start with the first one. - a childhood memory related to food, - his/her eating habits (diet, times, place...), - changes in his/her diet, - how to make a particular dish, - advice on where to eat while travelling in his/her region. Finally, the examiner may ask you some questions related to the subject.
  3. 3. Eating habits and health Candidate B Some people don't have a healthy diet and gain a lot of weight. Some of these people suffer from obesity, which may be serious; even if they go on a diet, they won't lose weight. In such cases the problem may be solved thanks to an operation that reduces the size of the stomach. This operation is intrusive but guarantees that the person will lose weight and not regain it. Rami Mikler: Surgery to lose weight (http://www.susmedicos.com/obesidad.html) 1. Look at the picture and ask your partner for details about his/her picture to find similarities and differences between them. 2. Tell your partner what your text is about. Listen to each other and then exchange opinions about the topic and the content of the texts. 3. To know more on the topic In turns, ask your partner three questions about the following subjects and answer his/her questions. Start with the first one. - a childhood memory related to food, - his/her eating habits (diet, times, place...), - changes in his/her diet, - how to make a particular dish, - advice on where to eat while travelling in his/her region. Finally, the examiner may ask you some questions related to the subject.
  4. 4. CI SPEAKING EXAM TUTORIAL PART 1 : ABOUT A PHOTO (4 minutes; in pairs) Adjectives: colour, size, shape, quality, possessive (his, her, its, their), quantitative (some, many, much, a few, a lot, all, etc) Adverbs: manner (quickly, carefully, etc), degree (very, too, rather, really) Comparisons: (regular and irregular) Connectives: and, but , or, because, so that Prepositions: to, on, inside, next to, at, during, by, with, like; on the right/left, on the right /left hand side; in the background / foreground / middle; in the top / bottom; Verbs: Simple present to describe appearance: The sofa looks comfortable. The boy is average tall and fat.He has short fair hair. There is a TV in front of him. Present Continuous to describe the activities you can see: The boy is sitting on the sofa while he's watching TV and eating something. He's also having a drink. may/might/can't/must or I think to speculate when you are not sure: The boy is quite young, he may be in his early teens or I think she is twelve or eleven years old, butI'm not sure. He is at home, it might be Sunday or I think it’s Sunday. I think he's watching some cartoons or He could be watching Big Brother. From the general to the particular a. Start with a general statement: A: What can you seein your photo /picture? B: I can see(I see..) a boy sitting on a sofa or This photograph shows a boy sitting on a sofa A: When /Where do you think this photo /picture was taken? B: I think it must besummer timebecause the boy is wearing summer clothes. b. Describe the setting /room: A: Where is he? Is he indoors or outdoors? B: He might bein the living room/frontroom because I can see a sofa, a TV and a small table nextto the sofa c.The people: activities A: Whatis he doing? B: Well,he's watching TV while he's having something to eat. I think he's having some crisps, junk food basically because I can see a bag in his hand. On the table there's a bottle and I think it's some kind of softdrink and nextto it there's another bag of snacks. A: Is he alone? B: Yeah, it looks like so. Maybe his parents are still at work
  5. 5. d. The people: detailed description A: Whatdoes he look like? B: The boy is rather fatand has short fair hair. He's wearing shorts and a purple T-shirt,so I guess itmight besummer. A: Is he wearring anything else? B: Probably, butI can't see itvery well. I think he's wearing trainers too, butI'm not sure A: How old is he? B: The boy is quite young, he may bein his early teens or I think she is twelve or eleven years old, but I'm not sure. e.Talking about similarities and differences between photos /pictures. We both have a boy in our photos / pictures. They're both rather fat and young. The boy is my picture is sitting on a sofa while in your picture he's riding a bike. OK, that's a difference. My picture was taken indoors while your was taking outdoors. That's another difference, then.
  6. 6. SOME USEFUL LANGUAGE HOW TO: GIVE A GENERAL INTRODUCTION ● This picture shows …. ● In this picture I can see ● This is a picture of ….. TALK ABOUT PLACES ● They’re driving in the country/in a city/in the mountains ● She’s sitting inside/outsidea cafè ● I can see a streetmarket/old building/square/street/restaurant/beach …. DESCRIBE PEOPLE’S AGE ● He’s about 50 years old. ● They’re in their twenties ● She’s a teenager/a young child/a middle aged woman DESCRIBE PEOPLE’S CLOTHES ● She’s wearing a pair of shorts and a red T-shirt ● They’re wearing quite casual/smart clothes ● He’s wearing a uniform DESCRIBE PEOPLE’S ACTIONS ● He’s sitting at a desk ● She’s standing in a queue ● They’re having a meal ● Some people are sunbathing and others are swimming in the sea DESCRIBE PEOPLE’S ROLES IN A PICTURE ● He’s probably a shop assistant and she’s acustomer ● This person on theleftseems tobe a tourist guide – he’s pointing to a building ● The man serving the drinks is a waiter DESCRIBE PEOPLE’S FEELINGS IN A PICTURE ● You can tell they are enjoying themselves because they are smiling ● He seems a bit frightened. Maybe this is the first time he’s tried this ● She looks very interested in this activity – she’s concentrating very hard PARAPHRASE (use these phrases to describe words you don’t know) ● It’s something you fry food in (frying pan) ● It’s a kind of container for flowers (a vase) ● It’s a cupboard for keeping clothes in (a wardrobe) MAKE GUESSES ● It might be summer because some people are wearing sunglasses ● It’s probably in the country, because … ● This picture could be in Northern Europe because of the buildings DESCRIBE POSITION ● In the middle of the picture there is a group of people, probably tourists because … ● In the background there is a church … ● There’s a bookshelf nextto/near/behind/in front of the door REME MBER! · Talk in sentences – don’t produce lists of items you can see · Organise your description – don’t describe the same thing more than once · Start with a general idea of the subject of the picture before going into details · Give reasons (related to the picture) for your ideas · Talk about the situation as well as the physical things you can see in the picture. · Give some personal reaction to the picture
  7. 7. CI SPEAKING EXAM TUTORIAL PART 2 : ABOUT A TEXT (8 minutes; individually & in pairs) Summarising the text a. Summarise the main content of the text in 1 sentence My textis about the effectjunk food has on our health. b. Say where you text was taken from It was taken and adaptedfrom a website called 'loquesomos' c. Summarise the main content in 2-3 sentences According tothe textif we eatjunk food regularly, we can become obese and suffer from type 2 diabetes. 3000 thousand American people were analysed by 15 experts and it was found thatif you go to junk food restaurants twice a week you puton 4.5 kilos more than if you just go one day a week. c. React to the text To behonest,I'm not surprised by the results because junk food can be quite greasy and contains lots of salt and sugar, which is bad for your health. Most of the food in this kind of restaurants in quite fattening. Exchanging opinions about the topic and the content of the text a.Ask you partner What do you think of junk food? Do you agree with me? What do you think of what I've just said? Why do you think people go to junk food restaurants so often? b.Agreeing and disagreeing I (entirely) agree with you on the question of the bad effects junk food has on our health. I agree up toa point,but I also think there are other importantfactors thataffect our health. I (absolutely) disagree with the idea thatgoing to junk food restaurants is such a bad thing. I go along with your view /your idea thatjunk food is quite fattening. We are in completeagreement over this question. I share your opinion thatjunk food is bad for our health. I appreciateyour point,butI still think you're exaggerating a bit. I can see your point; I've never thought of it thatway before. I don't think we'll ever agree with each other. We'll just have to agreetodiffer.
  8. 8. CI SPEAKING EXAM TUTORIAL PART 3 : TO KNOW MORE ON THE TOPIC (8 minutes; in pairs) Telling a story (a childhood memory related to food) a. We often say what the story is generally about I used to hate fish when I was a kid because I was afraid of the bones. b. We usually then say when it happened When I was ten, I almost died of a fish bone, or so I thought. c.We then add where I happened and what we were doing there I was having dinner when suddenly I felt a terrible pain in my throat. d.And the event of the story At first I didn't know what had happened but then I realised I had swallowed a fish bone. A big fish bone. I started coughing but the bone wouldn't come out. After a few seconds I went red because I couldn't breath. Luckily my mum was near and made me drink some water and eat some bread so the bone would go done. e.Finally, we make some comment on the story It was terrible. Asking and answering questions a. his/her eating habits (diet, times, place...) A: How many meals do you have a day? B: I usually have a hearty breakfast, a substantial meal around midday something lighter in the evening A: What do you usually have for breakfast? B: Orange juice, fruit, cereals, yoghurt, tea, this kind of things A: Do you usually cook your own meals? B: Yeah, I love cooking and I'm always trying new things. A: How much time do you spend cooking every day? B: Not much really. I usually cook at the weekend and then during the week I just heat dishes up. A:Do you buy fresh food every day or do you go to the supermarket once a week? B: I tend to go to the market every Friday for fresh products and then once or twice a month to the supermarket for canned food. A: Do you ever eat ready-made meals or frozen food? B: Well, yeah, but they're home-made. I mean, I cook them myself and then I put them in the freezer. b. changes in his/her diet A: Have you ever thought of becoming a vegetarian? B: No, not really. You know, I love eating all kinds of foods.
  9. 9. A: Have you ever been on a diet? B: Once, and it was dead boring. I didn't like it much. For a fortnight I just had water with lemon juice and a syrup. Disgusting, though it was supposed to be very good for my body. A: Do you tend to eat less in summer? B: Yeah, I'm not that hungry in hot weather. c.how to make a particular dish A: Are you good at cooking? B: Well, I'm not bad. I like having people round and they don't usually complain about my cooking. A: What's you favourite dish? B: Well, I don't have any, really. But if I had to choose, it would any with veggies in it. A: Oh, I've never heard about that. How do you prepare it? B: Oh, it's a family recipe. My grandmother used to make it when it was very cold. d.advice on where toeatwhile travelling in his/her region. A: Do you usually eat out? B: Quite often. Once or twice a month and if possible, in a new restaurant. A: Do you know any good places to wine and dine around here? B: There's a really nice little place just round the corner. In fact, the cook is a friend of mine. A: Can you recommend me any good places to have a pizza? B: There are many good places around. All of them are good. A: Are there any good places to have lunch near the school? B: There's a vegetarian place just opposite the school. I usually go there if I can't go home. They serve tasty, home-cooked food.

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