Presentazione Scuola di Dottorato in Neuroscienze

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Presentazione Scuola di Dottorato in Neuroscienze

  1. 1. Doctoral School in Neuroscience University of Turin Head: prof. Aldo Fasolo February 2009
  2. 2. Neuroscience at the edge of contemporary research <ul><li>The brain represents last frontier of research in an aging world, where people want to live better and in health. Neuroscience offers the hope to fulfill this goal as well as to tackle and answer basic questions as what we are, what is mind and its relations with brain, what are the sources of our feelings, desires, motivations…and else . </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroscience is the field of biological complexity and the multidisciplinary playground for researchers spanning from biology to medicine to physics to informatics to engineering to philosophy and over. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Imagine a World
  4. 4. Imagine a World <ul><li>In which Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, and Lou Gehrig’s (ALS) diseases and retinitis pigmentosa and other causes of blindness are commonly detected in their early stages, and are swiftly treated by medications that stop deterioration before significant damage occurs. </li></ul><ul><li>In which spinal cord injury doesn’t mean a lifetime of paralysis because the nervous system can be programmed to rewire neural circuits and re-establish muscle movement. </li></ul><ul><li>In which drug addiction and alcoholism no longer hold people’s lives hostage because easily available treatments can interrupt the changes in neural pathways that cause withdrawal from, and drive the craving for, addictive substances. </li></ul><ul><li>In which the genetic pathways and environmental triggers that predispose people to mental illness are understood so that accurate diagnostic tests and targeted therapies—including medications, counseling, and preventive interventions—are widely available and fully employed. </li></ul><ul><li>In which new knowledge about brain development is used to enhance the benefits of the crucial early learning years and combat diseases associated with aging. </li></ul><ul><li>In which people’s daily lives are not compromised by attacks of depression or anxiety because better medications are developed to treat these conditions. From the Dana Sourcebook of Immunology </li></ul>
  5. 5. and why not, imagine a world … <ul><li>… in wich it could be possible encrease skills and learning abilities </li></ul><ul><li>… in wich human interfaces works and enjoy the life together to the men </li></ul><ul><li>… where we can find new approaches to ancient question like “where are we from? Why are we here?” </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Although such a vision may seem unrealistic and utopian, we are at an </li></ul><ul><li>extraordinarily exciting time in the history of neuroscience. </li></ul><ul><li>The advances in research during the past decade have taken us further than </li></ul><ul><li>we had imagined. We have expanded our understanding of the basic mechanisms </li></ul><ul><li>of how the brain works, and are at a point where we can harness the healing </li></ul><ul><li>potential of that knowledge. We have already begun to devise strategies, new </li></ul><ul><li>technologies, and treatments to combat a range of neurological diseases and </li></ul><ul><li>disorders. By setting therapeutic goals, and applying what we know, we will </li></ul><ul><li>develop effective treatments— and, in some instances, cures. </li></ul><ul><li>For all that has been learned in neuroscience recently, we are learning how much </li></ul><ul><li>we do not know. That creates the urgency to continue basic research that looks at </li></ul><ul><li>the broader questions of how living things work. This will help to formulate </li></ul><ul><li>the complex questions that lead to scientific discovery. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Why choose Neuroscience? <ul><li>I like studies about brain function and cognition </li></ul><ul><li>I want to work in curiosity-driven research </li></ul><ul><li>I want to be involved in researches devoted to enhance quality of life </li></ul><ul><li>I want to live research experience out of Italy </li></ul>
  8. 8. PhD Programme in Neuroscience <ul><li>Specializations: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experimental Neuroscience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cognitive Sciences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clinical Neuroscience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychiatry </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The PhD programme is 4 year long 10-15 students are enrolled each year among the different courses </li></ul><ul><li>A master degree is required for admission. Admission procedure consists of a written essay on a general neuroscience topic and an interview. </li></ul><ul><li>Students carry out their own thesis projects in the supervisor laboratory and participate to common training and teaching activities, including practical courses, theoretical lectures held by faculty members, ad hoc seminars held by external invited speakers. Faculty includes about 50 members from the University of Turin plus several foreign members from outside institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Additional information is available at the programme website: </li></ul><ul><li>http://dott-neuroscienze.campusnet.unito.it/cgi-bin/home.pl </li></ul>University of Turin
  9. 9. What is a Ph.D. student? <ul><li>A young researcher, under training </li></ul><ul><li>A specialist endowed with method and vision </li></ul><ul><li>A person driven by intellectual curiosity </li></ul><ul><li>A person with an advanced literacy in science </li></ul><ul><li>An innovator/ a creative/ an exploiter </li></ul><ul><li>A person able to work with his brain, his hands, his heart </li></ul><ul><li>An individualist able to work in team </li></ul><ul><li>A person relying on himself, but eager to accept advice and senior/peer review </li></ul><ul><li>A person knowing/applying responsability and ethical rules in scientific conduct and personal life </li></ul>
  10. 10. HOW ? <ul><li>Lab </li></ul><ul><li>Seminars, schools, formal lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Tutorship </li></ul><ul><li>Books, articles, internet </li></ul><ul><li>Science in the city/science and society </li></ul><ul><li>Experience in teaching and undergraduate training </li></ul>
  11. 11. PhD Programme in Neuroscience University of Turin Division of Phd students of the School Sperimental neuroscience 57% Psychiatry 17% Cognitive science 15% Clinical neuroscience 11% 1 2 3 4

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