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Sprechen Sie Deutsch? How Not to beOverwhelmed by Credentials in German            NAFSA XII         October 24, 2012
IntroductionPresenters:- Andrej Molchan  Evaluator- Emily Tse  Director of EvaluationsEducational Systems:Germany and Aust...
Background• Bundesrepublik  Deutschland (Federal  Republic of Germany)• Reunification in 1990• 16 Bundesländer (Federal  S...
Accreditation• Education is governed by each of the 16 federal states• Coordinated by the federal government through the  ...
Academic CalendarPrimary and Secondary• August 1st to July 31st• Divided into 2 semesters• Actual dates depend on summer h...
Medium of InstructionPrimary and Secondary: German(with national minority languages represented)University: German
Primary and General Secondary         Education        Zeugnis der allgemeinen Hochschulreife (Abitur)                    ...
Years of School Needed for AllgemeineHochschulreife (Abitur)                12           (since 2010)        13           ...
Semester-wiseLF = Leistungskursfach                         Results for 11th and  (Advanced Course)                       ...
written   oral                 x4
Secondary Grading Scale           Gymnasium and Abitur                      IERF Suggested U.S.                           ...
Academic Credentials Available through                 Vocational Upper Secondary Education                   • Zeugnis de...
Vocational Upper Secondary Education                Hochschulreife               Berufsoberschule                        =...
Postsecondary InstitutionsHochschulen (Universities)• Universität (Standard University)• Technische Hochschule/Universität...
Traditional Postsecondary Credentials•   Diplom(Univ.): Hochschulreife + 4 to 5 years•   Magister/Magistra: Hochschulreife...
Diplom/Magister Segments                 Grundstudium                                           Hauptstudium              ...
Scheine•   Can be considered official prior to completion of Vordiplom-/Diplomprüfung
Preliminary Examination Certificate   Diploma Examination Certificate
Diplom Degree Certificate
Diplom (FH) Degree Certificate
First State Examination Certificate
Postsecondary Grading Scale             Germany-University Level          IERF Suggested U.S.                             ...
New System (Bologna Process)                Doktor                Master      = Diplom(Univ.)/Magister               (2 ye...
Implementation of Bologna Process inGermany• Original signatory of Bologna Process in 1999• Traditional model runs paralle...
ECTS-Style University TranscriptFinal Page             “corresponds to ECTS”
Diploma Supplement (Page 1)
Recommended Internet Resources• German Cultural Ministers’ Conference:      http://www.kmk.org• University Rectors’ Confer...
Recommended Book Resource(s)• Lukas, Karen. The Educational System of the  Federal Republic of Germany. Culver City, CA:  ...
Pop Quiz•   Schule•   Hochschule•   Hochschulreife•   Fachhochschule•   Magister (male or female?)•   Kauffrau (male or fe...
German Language• 4 additional letters in alphabet      Ä (= AE)      Ö (= OE)      Ü (= UE)      ß (= SS)• Prüfung = Pruef...
Austria (Österreich)                       9 states                       (Bundesländer)                       Primary Lan...
Administration and Regulation• Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Kultur  (Federal Ministry for Education, Sc...
Primary (Grundstufe I und II) &Lower Secondary (Unterstufe) Education12th Grade                                           ...
Grade     Klasse 12      8 (achte) 11     7 (siebte) 10     6 (sechste) 9      5 (fünfte) 8      4 (vierte) 7       3 (dri...
Primary (Grundstufe I und II) &Lower Secondary (Unterstufe) Education12th Grade                                           ...
allgemeinbildende höhere Schule - AHS  (General Academic Secondary School)                     Reifeprüfungszeugnis (Matur...
Jahres = YearlyZeugnis = CertificateTranscript fromHigh School
Reife = MaturityPrüfung = ExamZeugnis = CertificateFinal Secondary SchoolQualification
ReifeprüfungszeugnisCont’d
ReifeprüfungszeugnisCont’d
Stunden = HoursTafel = Table
Another Example of aReifeprüfungszeugnisWhich track is this?
Grading Scale                Generic                  IERF Suggested                                         U.S. Equivale...
Berufsreifeprüfungszeugnis      Vocational                                                  Secondary School13th Grade12th...
Abschluss = CompletionPrüfung = ExamZeugnis = CertificateHandel = BusinessSchule = School
AbschlussprüfungszeugnisCont’d
Reife- undDiplomprüfungszeugnis           =Maturity and DiplomaExamination Certificate
Postsecondary “Short” Qualifications              Employment only             Akademie für                                ...
DiplomierterGesundheits- undKrankenpfleger=CertifiedHealth [CareProvider] andNurse
HEIs•   Universität                           First Degrees    (University)•   Pädagogische Hochschule    (University Coll...
Graduate        Habilitationand/or           Years varyResearchDegrees               Doktor/PhD                3-4 years  ...
“Old-style”MagistraDegree
Transcript for“Old-style”MagistraDegree
Transcript for“Old-style”MagistraDegreeCont’dCan be separatedocuments for1st and 2ndSections /Abschnitt
“Bologna-style”Bachelor’sDegree
“Transcript”for Bachelor’sDegree
Bachelor’sDegree from aFachhochschule(University ofApplied Science)
DiplomaSupplement
Pop QuizDoes Diplom refer to vocational orpostsecondary level studies?
Pesky TermsDiplomprüfungszeugnis: Diploma examination certificate.• successful completion of vocational studies at a Beruf...
Important Dates• Original signatory of the Bologna Process in 1999• Bologna Bachelor and Master degrees offered by Univers...
Old-Style Degrees vs. Bologna• The following professions are exempt from the Bologna degree  structure:       - medicine  ...
Recommended Internet Resources•   Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung (Federal Ministry for    Science and Re...
Recommended Book Resource(s)• Lukas, Karen Hammerlund. Austria: A Study of the Educational System of  Austria and a Guide ...
How not to be overwhelmed by credentials in german
How not to be overwhelmed by credentials in german
How not to be overwhelmed by credentials in german
How not to be overwhelmed by credentials in german
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How not to be overwhelmed by credentials in german

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How not to be overwhelmed by credentials in german

  1. 1. Sprechen Sie Deutsch? How Not to beOverwhelmed by Credentials in German NAFSA XII October 24, 2012
  2. 2. IntroductionPresenters:- Andrej Molchan Evaluator- Emily Tse Director of EvaluationsEducational Systems:Germany and Austria-Austria annexed in 1938-Gained independence in 1955
  3. 3. Background• Bundesrepublik Deutschland (Federal Republic of Germany)• Reunification in 1990• 16 Bundesländer (Federal States)• Population of over 80 million
  4. 4. Accreditation• Education is governed by each of the 16 federal states• Coordinated by the federal government through the Kultusministerskonferenz (Cultural Ministers’ Conference)• University documents are issued by the post-secondary institution (with the exception of law, teaching, and medicine)• Since 2002, all new degree programs are accredited by one of the accreditation bodies regulated by the Akkreditierungsrat (Accreditation Council)• Recognition of higher education institutions and degree programs can be checked with the Hochschulrektorenkonferenz (University Rectors’ Conference) at hochschulkompass.de
  5. 5. Academic CalendarPrimary and Secondary• August 1st to July 31st• Divided into 2 semesters• Actual dates depend on summer holidays, which differ among the statesHigher Education• Universities: October to September (with 5 months of private study)• Fachhochschulen: (Universities of Applied Sciences): September to August (with 3 months of private study)• Normally divided into Wintersemester (winter semester) and Summersemester (summer semester)
  6. 6. Medium of InstructionPrimary and Secondary: German(with national minority languages represented)University: German
  7. 7. Primary and General Secondary Education Zeugnis der allgemeinen Hochschulreife (Abitur) (Certificate of General Maturity for Higher Education) 13th Grade 12th Grade Secundarstufe II Gymnasiale (Upper Secondary) Oberstufe 10th Grade Gymnasium Gesamtschule Realschule (Intensified) (Comprehensive) Secundarstufe I Hauptschule(Lower Secondary) (Extensive) (Basic) 4th Grade Grundschule (Grades 1-4) (1-6 in Berlin and Brandenburg)
  8. 8. Years of School Needed for AllgemeineHochschulreife (Abitur) 12 (since 2010) 13 12 13 13 13 13 13 12 13 12 12 12 or 13 (depending on school) 12 13 13
  9. 9. Semester-wiseLF = Leistungskursfach Results for 11th and (Advanced Course) 12th Grades
  10. 10. written oral x4
  11. 11. Secondary Grading Scale Gymnasium and Abitur IERF Suggested U.S. Equivalents 13 - 15 Sehr Gut Very Good 1 A = 4.00 10 - 12 Gut Good 2 B+ = 3.30 7 - 9 Befriedigend Satisfactory 3 B-/C+ = 2.50 4 - 6 Ausreichend Sufficient 4 C = 2.00 1 - 3 Mangelhaft Deficient 5 D = 1.00 0 Ungenügend Failure 6 F = 0.00
  12. 12. Academic Credentials Available through Vocational Upper Secondary Education • Zeugnis der Fachhochschulreife (Certificate of Maturity for Universities of Applied Sciences) - Represents 12 years of studyHochschulreife • Zeugnis der fachgebundene Hochschulreife (Certificate of Subject-Restricted Maturity for Higher Education) • Zeugnis der allgemeinen Hochschulreife (Abitur)
  13. 13. Vocational Upper Secondary Education Hochschulreife Berufsoberschule = No Access to Higher Education (2 years) = Access to Higher Education Hochschulreife Fachhochschulreife12th Grade Berufsschule/ Berufliches Gymnasium/ Berufsfachschule Fachoberschule Fachgymnasium Duales System (Can vary from 1-3 (2-3 years) years)10th Grade 9th Grade
  14. 14. Postsecondary InstitutionsHochschulen (Universities)• Universität (Standard University)• Technische Hochschule/Universität (Technical University)• Pädagogische Hochschule (University of Teacher Training)• Theologische Hochschule (Theological University)• Kunsthochschule (Art University)• Musikhochschule (Music University)Requires Hochschulreife, may award doctoral and post-doctoralqualificationsFachhochschulen (Universities of Applied Sciences)Requires Fachhochschulreife
  15. 15. Traditional Postsecondary Credentials• Diplom(Univ.): Hochschulreife + 4 to 5 years• Magister/Magistra: Hochschulreife + 4.5 years• Diplom(FH): Fachhochschulreife + 3.5 to 5 years• Erste Staatsprüfung: Hochschulreife + 3.5 to 4.5• Zweite Staatsprüfung: “Erste” + 1.5 to 2 years• Doktor: Diplom (Univ.), Magister, Erste Staatsprüfung + variable timeframe
  16. 16. Diplom/Magister Segments Grundstudium Hauptstudium (Normally 4 (Normally 4-6 semesters) semesters) Diplom-Vorprüfung/ VordiplomDiplom: (Preliminary Examination) Diplomprüfung ZwischenprüfungMagister: (Intermediate Examination) Magisterprüfung
  17. 17. Scheine• Can be considered official prior to completion of Vordiplom-/Diplomprüfung
  18. 18. Preliminary Examination Certificate Diploma Examination Certificate
  19. 19. Diplom Degree Certificate
  20. 20. Diplom (FH) Degree Certificate
  21. 21. First State Examination Certificate
  22. 22. Postsecondary Grading Scale Germany-University Level IERF Suggested U.S. Equivalents 1.0 - 1.5 Sehr Gut Very Good A = 4.00 1.6 - 2.5 Gut Good B+ = 3.30 2.6 - 3.5 Befriedigend Satisfactory B-/C+ = 2.50 3.6 - 4.0 Ausreichend Sufficient C = 2.00 Nicht 4.1 - 4.5 Ausreichend Failure F = 0.00
  23. 23. New System (Bologna Process) Doktor Master = Diplom(Univ.)/Magister (2 years) Bachelor = Diplom(FH) (3 years) Hochschulreife/Fachhochschulreife
  24. 24. Implementation of Bologna Process inGermany• Original signatory of Bologna Process in 1999• Traditional model runs parallel to new system• 85% of degree programs had been converted to two-cycle bachelor and master degrees by Winter Semester 2011-12• Musik- and Kunsthochschulen have started to offer Bologna degrees since 2004• Diploma supplements made available since 2005• Medicine, dentistry, veterinary medicine and pharmacy are exempt from Bologna degree structure (Reforms in law are in discussion)• After 10 years, many criticisms
  25. 25. ECTS-Style University TranscriptFinal Page “corresponds to ECTS”
  26. 26. Diploma Supplement (Page 1)
  27. 27. Recommended Internet Resources• German Cultural Ministers’ Conference: http://www.kmk.org• University Rectors’ Conference: http://hochschulkompass.de• Accreditation Council of Germany http://akkreditierungsrat.de• Federal Ministry of Education: http://www.bmbf.de• ENIC-NARIC Network: http://enic-naric.net
  28. 28. Recommended Book Resource(s)• Lukas, Karen. The Educational System of the Federal Republic of Germany. Culver City, CA: International Education Research Foundation, 2002.
  29. 29. Pop Quiz• Schule• Hochschule• Hochschulreife• Fachhochschule• Magister (male or female?)• Kauffrau (male or female?)• Zeugnis• Prüfung• und
  30. 30. German Language• 4 additional letters in alphabet Ä (= AE) Ö (= OE) Ü (= UE) ß (= SS)• Prüfung = Pruefung• Abschlußzeugnis = Abschlusszeugnis• Nouns are always capitalized.
  31. 31. Austria (Österreich) 9 states (Bundesländer) Primary Language of Instruction: German Academic Year School: September – June/July University: October – June
  32. 32. Administration and Regulation• Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Kultur (Federal Ministry for Education, Science and Culture)• Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung (Federal Ministry for Science and Research)• Agentur für Qualitätssicherung und Akkreditierung Austria (Agency for Quality Assurance and Accreditation Austria) Established 2012 (bodies being replaced will phase out in 2012 & 2013) public universities, universities of applied sciences, private universities
  33. 33. Primary (Grundstufe I und II) &Lower Secondary (Unterstufe) Education12th Grade allgemeinbildende höhere Schule -8th Grade AHS (general academic Volksschul- secondary school) Hauptschule Neue oberstufe 8 years (Lower Mittelschule (Upper Level Reifeprüfungs-Lower Secondary (New Middle Primary School) zeugnisSecondary School) School) 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs Abschlußzeugnis Abschlußzeugnis Abschlußzeugnis 4th Grade Volksschule Grundschule or Volksschule (Primary School) 4 yrsPrimary 4 years Abschlußzeugnis Abschlußzeugnis
  34. 34. Grade Klasse 12 8 (achte) 11 7 (siebte) 10 6 (sechste) 9 5 (fünfte) 8 4 (vierte) 7 3 (dritte) 6 2 (zweite) 5 1 (erste)
  35. 35. Primary (Grundstufe I und II) &Lower Secondary (Unterstufe) Education12th Grade allgemeinbildende höhere Schule -8th Grade AHS (general academic Volksschul- secondary school) Hauptschule Neue oberstufe 8 years (Lower Mittelschule (Upper Level Reifeprüfungs-Lower Secondary (New Middle Primary School) zeugnisSecondary School) School) 4 yrs 4 yrs 4 yrs Abschlußzeugnis Abschlußzeugnis Abschlußzeugnis 4th Grade Volksschule Grundschule or Volksschule (Primary School) 4 yrsPrimary 4 years Abschlußzeugnis Abschlußzeugnis
  36. 36. allgemeinbildende höhere Schule - AHS (General Academic Secondary School) Reifeprüfungszeugnis (Maturity Examination Certificate) 12th Grade Oberstufen- Wirtschafts- realgymnasium Kundliches (upper levelOberstufe Gymnasium Realgymnasium Realgymnasium academic (Focus: Latin / (Focus: (Focus: Social secondary school) Modern Science) Science) 4 years Language) 8th Grade 8 yrs 8 yrs 8 yrsUnterstufe 4th Grade
  37. 37. Jahres = YearlyZeugnis = CertificateTranscript fromHigh School
  38. 38. Reife = MaturityPrüfung = ExamZeugnis = CertificateFinal Secondary SchoolQualification
  39. 39. ReifeprüfungszeugnisCont’d
  40. 40. ReifeprüfungszeugnisCont’d
  41. 41. Stunden = HoursTafel = Table
  42. 42. Another Example of aReifeprüfungszeugnisWhich track is this?
  43. 43. Grading Scale Generic IERF Suggested U.S. Equivalents 1 Sehr gut Very Good A = 4.00 2 Gut Good B = 3.00 3 Befriedigend Satisfactory B- = 2.70 4 Genügend Passing C = 2.00 5 Nicht genügend Not Passing F = 0.00
  44. 44. Berufsreifeprüfungszeugnis Vocational Secondary School13th Grade12th Grade Berufsschule / Berufsbildende Berufsbildende Berufsbildende Pflichtschule mittlere Schule – Höhere Schule – BHS (Vocational School BMS (Higher Level Technical within the Dual (Middle Level and Vocational School) System) Technical and Varies: 2-4 yrs Vocational School) Ex: Höhere Most common: 3 yrs Lehranstalten, Abschlußzeugnis Ex: Handelschule, Handelsakademie Lehrabschlußprüfung Fachschule9th Grade Polytechnische Schule Varies: 1-4 yrs Most common: 5 yrs (Pre-Vocational Most Common: 3-4 School) Reife- und 1 yr: Abschlußzeugnis Abschlußzeugnis Diplomprüfungszeugnis8th Grade
  45. 45. Abschluss = CompletionPrüfung = ExamZeugnis = CertificateHandel = BusinessSchule = School
  46. 46. AbschlussprüfungszeugnisCont’d
  47. 47. Reife- undDiplomprüfungszeugnis =Maturity and DiplomaExamination Certificate
  48. 48. Postsecondary “Short” Qualifications Employment only Akademie für Gesundheitsdienste (Academy for Allied Health Professions) / Schule für gehobene medizinisch- Kolleg technische Dienste (Higher-level Technical (School for Medical and Vocational School) Technical Professions) 2 years 2-3 years Diplomprüfungszeugnis Diplom12th Grade
  49. 49. DiplomierterGesundheits- undKrankenpfleger=CertifiedHealth [CareProvider] andNurse
  50. 50. HEIs• Universität First Degrees (University)• Pädagogische Hochschule (University College of Teacher Ed)• Fachhochschule (University of Applied Sciences) Dokotor/in Diplom / Magister/a 6 years Bachelor Diplom (FH) / Pre-Bologna Magister/a (FH) 4-6 years 3-4 yrs Pre-Bologna Medicine 4-5 years Dental Medicine Engineering: 3.5 Art/Music: 4 Pre-Bologna
  51. 51. Graduate Habilitationand/or Years varyResearchDegrees Doktor/PhD 3-4 years Many redesigned in 2006. Old version must be completed by 2017. Master 1-2 years
  52. 52. “Old-style”MagistraDegree
  53. 53. Transcript for“Old-style”MagistraDegree
  54. 54. Transcript for“Old-style”MagistraDegreeCont’dCan be separatedocuments for1st and 2ndSections /Abschnitt
  55. 55. “Bologna-style”Bachelor’sDegree
  56. 56. “Transcript”for Bachelor’sDegree
  57. 57. Bachelor’sDegree from aFachhochschule(University ofApplied Science)
  58. 58. DiplomaSupplement
  59. 59. Pop QuizDoes Diplom refer to vocational orpostsecondary level studies?
  60. 60. Pesky TermsDiplomprüfungszeugnis: Diploma examination certificate.• successful completion of vocational studies at a Berufsbildende höhere Schule (Reife-und Diplomprüfungszeugnis) or Kolleg.• the examination certificate which concludes a segment of a university-level diploma program leading to the Magister or Diplom. The Diplomprüfungszeugnis marks the end of the erste or zweite Studienabschnitt (first or second segment of these programs).Diplomstudien: University-level diploma programs, leading to the Magister orDiplom. Duration is a minimum of 4 years.Diplomarbeit: ThesisDiplom (Diplomierte qualifications): 2-3 year programs in allied health andmedical technical professions
  61. 61. Important Dates• Original signatory of the Bologna Process in 1999• Bologna Bachelor and Master degrees offered by Universities starting in 2000• Bologna Bachelor and Master degrees offered by Fachhochschulen starting in 2002• Diploma Supplements made available since 2005• Training of allied health professions (previously Diplomierte qualifications) transitioned into bachelor degree programs at Fachhochschulen since 2006• Bachelor of Education first awarded by Pädagogische Hochschule in 2008
  62. 62. Old-Style Degrees vs. Bologna• The following professions are exempt from the Bologna degree structure: - medicine - dentistry - veterinary medicine - pharmacy - law - teaching at the upper secondary school level• At present, there is no legal phase-out date set for the old, traditional degrees.
  63. 63. Recommended Internet Resources• Bundesministerium für Wissenschaft und Forschung (Federal Ministry for Science and Research): http://www.bmwf.gv.at/• Fachhochschulrat (Council of Universities of Applied Sciences): http://www.fhr.ac.at/• Österreichischer Akkreditierungsrat (Austrian Accreditation Council): http://www.akkreditierungsrat.at/cont/de/index.aspx• Dirnberger, Margit and Heinz Kasparovksy. Postsekundäre Bildungseinrichtungen / Institutions of Postsecondary Education: October 2010. Vienna: Austrian Agency for International Cooperation in Education and Research and Federal Ministry of Science and Research, 2010: http://www.bmwf.gv.at/fileadmin/user_upload/wissenschaft/hochschulwesen/po stsek_bildungseinrichtungen.pdf
  64. 64. Recommended Book Resource(s)• Lukas, Karen Hammerlund. Austria: A Study of the Educational System of Austria and a Guide to the Academic Placement of Students in Educational Institutions of the United States. Washington, D.C.: American Association of Collegiate Registrars and Admissions Officers (AACRAO), 1987.

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