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Ppp comenius educgermany

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Ppp comenius educgermany

  1. 1. The educational system of Germany
  2. 2. General overview
  3. 3. Primary education – Grundschule <ul><li>from the age of 6 </li></ul><ul><li>first compulsory school </li></ul><ul><li>transfer to secondary schools after 4th grade </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specific requirements </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>goals: preparation for secondary schools </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>social education </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>basic knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>interests and abilities </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Secondary education I – Hauptschule <ul><li>Basic general education </li></ul><ul><li>Application for jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on practical experience </li></ul><ul><li>-> blue-collared jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Activity-orientated </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer to schools for further education possible </li></ul><ul><li>Bad reputation in society </li></ul>
  5. 5. Secondary education II - Realschule <ul><li>Medium general education </li></ul><ul><li>Basic knowledge in job oriented subjects </li></ul><ul><li>Basis for a practical career </li></ul><ul><li>Transfer to further education possible </li></ul><ul><li>-> after 6th grade: Gymnasium </li></ul><ul><li>-> FOS </li></ul><ul><li>-> even university degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Degree: Mittlerer Schulabschluss (~ GCSE) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Secondary education III - Gymnasium <ul><li>High general education </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of subjects / Courses: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on language and arts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on science and technolgy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on social studies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>At least two languages obligatory </li></ul>
  7. 7. Secondary education III - Gymnasium <ul><li>Point system -> Marks </li></ul><ul><li>12 th year: Final exams </li></ul><ul><li>-> Abitur (~ A-levels) </li></ul><ul><li> required for access to university </li></ul><ul><li>Course system </li></ul><ul><li>-> Bavaria: Abolition </li></ul><ul><li>-> other states: Lks/Gks </li></ul><ul><li>No central regulation of Abitur </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>- comprehensive school </li></ul><ul><li>- three-tier system NOT throughout Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-> comprehensive school system e.g. in NRW </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>- Gesamtschulen: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-> degrees according to level of course </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-> pupils choose courses according to their skills </li></ul></ul></ul>Secondary education IV - Gesamtschule
  9. 9. <ul><li>Either after or alongside apprenticeship </li></ul><ul><li>Certificate of Intermediate Education possible </li></ul>Secondary education V – vocational training
  10. 10. <ul><li>FOS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>advanced technical college entrance qualification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Courses: engineering , agricultural economy, business, law, social studies, art </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>also „normal“ Abitur </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BOS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>almost similar to FOS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>completion of an apprenticeship </li></ul></ul>Secondary education VI
  11. 11. <ul><li>Fachakademie </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Preparation for a higher career </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State exam (≠ uni) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-> access to university of applied science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-> with honours: access to uni </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirements: mittlerer Schulabschluss + Completion of apprenticeship </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fachschule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meister ≠ master degree </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>advanced technical college entrance qualification </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 years </li></ul></ul>Secondary education VII
  12. 12. From cradle to secondary education
  13. 13. From cradle to secondary education <ul><li>nursery school (1-3) </li></ul><ul><li>kindergarten (3-6) </li></ul><ul><li>elementary/primary school (7-10) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nursery school <ul><li>education and care </li></ul><ul><li>costs: 70-425 € / month, depending on place of residence and income </li></ul><ul><li>political debate </li></ul><ul><ul><li>historical background: care centers in GDR (all-day, no costs for parents, being part of the collective > most children attended care centers) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>changes in society (more women working) </li></ul></ul><ul><li> future: care centers for 750.000 small children by 2013 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Kindergarten <ul><li>legal right for each child to get a half-day service in a kindergarten (children age 3 – when they start school) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>some restrictions (e.g. parents not working) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there are also private kindergartens </li></ul></ul><ul><li>pre-school child programs </li></ul>
  16. 16. Primary/elementary school (1) <ul><li>compulsory schooling – homeschooling not allowed.. </li></ul><ul><li>all children who are 6 years old before Sep 30th start school in Sep > children born in Oct, Nov, Dec CAN start school </li></ul><ul><li>BUT: if children not suitable for school yet, they go to kindergarten for one more year </li></ul>
  17. 17. Primary/elementary school (2) <ul><li>Subjects: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>German, maths, local geography and history </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>music, arts, physical education, handicrafts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>religion/ethics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>foreign languages (English: years 3 & 4) </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Primary/elementary school (3) <ul><li>Year 4: selection.. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gymnasium: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2,33 in maths/German/local geography and history + recommendation letter OR </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>entry exam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Realschule/Wirtschaftsschule: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2,66 in maths/German/local geography and history + recommendation letter OR </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>entry exam </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>also possible: probation period </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Mittelschule & Realschule
  20. 20. Mittelschule (former Hauptschule) <ul><li>school for people who will be trained in blue-collared jobs </li></ul><ul><li>secondary modern school covering years 5 to 9/10  nine-year degree/certificate </li></ul><ul><li>main objective: prepare students for their entry into the world of work </li></ul>
  21. 21. Mittelschule <ul><li>In Bavaria: possible transfer to Realschule or Gymnasium after 5 th or 6 th grade if grades are good enough </li></ul><ul><li>In some states: Mittelschule & Realschule combined in Mittel- or Regelschule </li></ul>
  22. 22. Mittelschule – nine-year-degree/certificate (I) <ul><li>The successful Mittelschul-degree </li></ul><ul><li>> after 9 th grade </li></ul><ul><li>> grade average 4,0 or better </li></ul><ul><li>> not more than 3 E's (= 5,0; F counts as 2 E's) </li></ul>
  23. 23. Mittelschule – nine-year-degree/certificate (II) <ul><li>The qualifying Mittelschul-degree </li></ul><ul><li>> after 9 th grade; voluntary </li></ul><ul><li>> grade average 3,0 or better </li></ul><ul><li>> maths, German, English, economics & law... </li></ul>
  24. 24. Mittelschule – nine-year-degree/certificate (III) <ul><li>GCSE/ten-year-degree via the M-Zug (same degree as intermediate school, but less prestigious/respected) </li></ul><ul><li>> M-Zug: starts in 7 th grade; voluntary </li></ul><ul><li>> degree after 10 th grade </li></ul><ul><li>> grade average in federal test 4,0 or better </li></ul>
  25. 25. after Mittelschule <ul><li>start work </li></ul><ul><li>-> further education in the vocational training school </li></ul><ul><li>(Berufsausbildung & Berufsschule) </li></ul>
  26. 26. Intermediate school (Realschule) <ul><li>four years (grades 7-10) </li></ul><ul><li>six years (grades 5-10) </li></ul><ul><li>Broad general education and vocationally-oriented education -> students with vocational skills and interests who also show interest in theory </li></ul>
  27. 27. Intermediate school (Realschule) <ul><li>more vocationally-oriented than Gymnasium </li></ul><ul><li>in Bavaria: possible transfer to Gymnasium after 6 th or 10 th grade </li></ul><ul><li>Ten-year-degree/GCSE </li></ul>
  28. 28. Intermediate school – different directions of study (I) <ul><li>Compulsory courses / electives group I </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: maths, natural sciences, technical areas </li></ul><ul><li>Final exam: German, English, maths, physics </li></ul><ul><li>For students who want to work in a technical job </li></ul><ul><li>or continue their education at a technical secondary school (FOS – technical sector) </li></ul>
  29. 29. Intermediate school – different directions of study (II) <ul><li>Compulsory courses / electives group II </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: economics </li></ul><ul><li>Final exam: German, English, maths II, business studies & accounting </li></ul><ul><li>For students who want to work in a in the public service industry, banks or insurance companies </li></ul><ul><li>or continue their education at a business secondary school </li></ul>
  30. 30. Intermediate school – different directions of study (IIIa) <ul><li>Compulsory courses / electives group IIIa </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: 2 nd foreign language </li></ul><ul><li>Final exam: German, English, maths II, French (Spanish, Italian...) </li></ul><ul><li>For students who want to work in the tourist industry, the public service industry, banks or insurance companies </li></ul><ul><li>or continue their education at Gymnasium </li></ul>
  31. 31. Intermediate school – different directions of study (IIIb) <ul><li>Compulsory courses / electives group IIIb </li></ul><ul><li>Focus: arts, handicrafts, housekeeping or social studies </li></ul><ul><li>Final exam: German, English, maths II, specialized course (see above) </li></ul><ul><li>For students who want to work in a in the social or manual-creative sector </li></ul><ul><li>or continue their education at a social/arts secondary school </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>after intermediate school </li></ul><ul><li>work (e.g. in the public service at secretarial and executive level) -> social/technical/economic/arts secondary school (BOS) </li></ul><ul><li>further education at social/technical/economic/arts secondary school (FOS) -> if successful: university of applied sciences (= Fachhochschule, FH) </li></ul>
  33. 33. Higher Secondary Vocational Schools/Berufliche Oberschulen
  34. 34. Post-Secondary Non Tertiary Education <ul><li>requirements : acquisition of a general education qualification </li></ul><ul><li>general aim : to prepare the students for their studies </li></ul><ul><li> alternative to upper classes at Academic High Schools! </li></ul>
  35. 35. <ul><li>Courses : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>two-three-year courses at: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fachoberschule </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>beginning with 11 th grade </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>no previous vocational education required </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>B erufsoberschule </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>beginning with 12 th grade </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>previous vocational education required </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Curricula : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liberal education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject-specific theory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Practical education (in selected businesses) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Subjects: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>General subjects : German, English, math… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Specific faculties : technology, economics, social services, agricultural economics, design </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Strong focus on practical experience! </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. <ul><li>Qualifications : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two-year-courses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>technical diploma </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>admission to University of Applied Sciences </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three-year-courses: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>subject-linked university entrance qualification </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> admission to university (to certain faculties only!) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>higher education entrance qualification (proof of sufficient competence in a second foreign language necessary!) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> admission to university (to all faculties!) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  38. 38. The Gymnasium – The German grammar school
  39. 39. primary school -> secondary school -> Mittelschulen (secondary modern school) Realschulen (intermediate school) or Gymnasium (grammar school)
  40. 40. G9-system -> G8-system Abitur after grade 13 Abitur after grade 12
  41. 41. Lower and upper secondary level
  42. 42. The subjects:
  43. 43. Introductory phase and qualification phase LANGUAGE, LITERATURE AND ARTS SOCIAL SCIENCES MATHEMATICS, NATURAL SCIENCES, TECHNOLOGY
  44. 45. University Tertiary Education
  45. 46. Admission Requirements <ul><li>A-level </li></ul><ul><li>Abitur/Allgemeine Hochschulreife </li></ul>
  46. 47. Financing <ul><li>tuition fees </li></ul><ul><li>Bafög </li></ul><ul><li>scholarships </li></ul>
  47. 48. Certification <ul><li>Bachelor </li></ul><ul><li>Master </li></ul><ul><li>Diploma </li></ul><ul><li>Magister </li></ul><ul><li>Staatsexamen </li></ul>
  48. 49. Teachers Training <ul><li>Bachelor/Master of Education </li></ul><ul><li>1. Staatsexamen </li></ul><ul><li>Referendariat </li></ul><ul><li>2. Staatsexamen </li></ul>
  49. 50. <ul><li>Thank you </li></ul><ul><li>for </li></ul><ul><li>your attention </li></ul>
  50. 51. Sources <ul><li>www.wikipedia.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.km.bayern.de/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.meinbildungsweg.de/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education/eurydice/eurybase_de.php </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.uni-heidelberg.de/imperia/md/images/jrc/1007/bafoeg_i.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.trendsderzukunft.de/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/hoersaal_rwth_400q.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://steinbeis-fuer-telekom.de/typo3temp/pics/d608743204.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-vFd9MgSjCF8/TkJIfzeL0ZI/AAAAAAAACx0/h-2fFciIfzU/s1600/Lehrer+Lmpel+ts.png </li></ul>

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