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Education in Estonia


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Education in Estonia

  1. 1. Estonian Education Tree
  2. 2. <ul><li>This is the tree that shows the possibilities for young girls and boys to life-long learning </li></ul>
  3. 3. The beginning <ul><li>Pre-school education (kindergartens) – up to the age of 7 </li></ul><ul><li>compulsory education  </li></ul><ul><li>forms 1 to 9 (aged 7 – 16)  </li></ul><ul><li>basic school </li></ul><ul><li>Pre-vocational training (forms 7 – 9) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who don’t finish basic school can continue their studies at vocational schools (17+) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. First choices <ul><li>After basic school: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>upper-secondary school – general secondary education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>upper-secondary school with pre-vocational training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vocational school – vocational secondary education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>vocational school – profession without secondary education </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Next choices <ul><li>After upper-secondary school: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vocational school – vocational training or professional higher education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>institution of professional higher education, colleges – professional higher education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>university – academic higher education (Bachelor’s  Master’s  Doctoral) </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Vocational training <ul><li>When you’ve dropped out of basic school and older than 17 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>area of specialisation without the next level of education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>When you have basic school education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>areas of specialisation without the next level of education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>areas of specialisation with secondary education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 - 3,5 years, no need to pass state exams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Possibility for extra year in order to study for state exams </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>When you have general secondary education </li></ul><ul><ul><li>areas of specialisation  professional skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 - 2,5 years </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Higher education <ul><li>When you have secondary education, you can </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional higher education (institution of higher education, college, vocational school) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 - 4,5 years, practical training at least 30% of study period </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Diploma of professional higher education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelor’s level (university) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bachelor’s Degree </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doctor, dentist, pharmacist, vet, architect and engineering training and primary school teacher (university) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>5 - 6 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Master’s Degree </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>After Bachelor’s level comes Master’s Level </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 years </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>After Master’s level comes Doctorate level </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 - 4 years </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. General secondary education <ul><li>National Curriculum (since 2002) </li></ul><ul><li>175 school days (September 1 to ~ June 5) </li></ul><ul><li>4 holidays </li></ul><ul><ul><li>autumn (week) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Christmas (2 weeks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>spring (week) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>summer (~11 weeks) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Some facts <ul><li>1. Education population and language of instruction </li></ul><ul><li>2. Administrative control and extent of public-sector funded education </li></ul><ul><li>3. Pre-primary education </li></ul><ul><li>4. Compulsory education </li></ul><ul><li>(i) Phases </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Admissions criteria </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Length of school day/week/year </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) Class size/student grouping </li></ul><ul><li>(v) Curriculum control and content </li></ul><ul><li>(vi) Assessment, progression and qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>5. Post-compulsory education/upper secondary and post-secondary level </li></ul><ul><li>(i) Types of education </li></ul><ul><li>(ii) Admissions criteria </li></ul><ul><li>(iii) Curriculum control and content </li></ul><ul><li>(iv) Assessment, progression and qualifications </li></ul><ul><li>7. Special needs </li></ul><ul><li>8. Teachers </li></ul><ul><li>9. Current reforms and priorities </li></ul><ul><li>(a) Main debates, recent changes </li></ul>