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2.10 Permanent Supportive Housing for Families (Harte)


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This workshop will examine permanent supportive housing models that are serving families with the greatest barriers to housing stability, including families that experienced chronic homelessness.

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2.10 Permanent Supportive Housing for Families (Harte)

  1. 1. Keeping Families Together: Using Permanent Supportive Housing to Preserve and Strengthen High-Risk Families
  2. 2. Corporation for Supportive Housing <ul><li>CSH is a national non-profit organization that helps communities create permanent housing with services to prevent and end homelessness. </li></ul><ul><li>Since 1991, CSH has been advancing its mission by providing advocacy , expertise , leadership , and financial resources to make it easier to create and operate supportive housing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Keeping Families Together (KFT) Overview <ul><li>Three-year pilot funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation to determine whether of not permanent supportive housing can increase housing stability and reduce/prevent incidences of child neglect and abuse among chronically homeless families. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Why Target Child Welfare-involved Families? <ul><li>Research shows high prevalence of child welfare involvement among homeless families. </li></ul><ul><li>Family homelessness on the rise </li></ul><ul><li>NYC tragedy brings to light “systems failure” too big to ignore. </li></ul><ul><li>New supportive housing investment and production in NYC. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Primary Program Elements <ul><li>Thirty units of Permanent Supportive Housing targeted to high need families at-risk of separation to foster care. </li></ul><ul><li>Full-scale evaluation measures both systems and family-level outcomes (housing stability, child welfare involvement and general family functioning). </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative implementation effort brought together both government and nonprofit housing providers (6 housing providers and 5 government agencies). </li></ul><ul><li>Clinical training and consultation provided through a contract with Mt. Sinai School of Medicine to build capacity of housing providers to serve highest need families. </li></ul>
  6. 6. ACS Field Office, ACS Contracted Preventive Agencies Court Unit Family Court Children’s Attorneys Parents’ Attorneys KFT Housing providers interview eligible applicants ACS/DHS Child Advantage Match DHS Shelters CSH/Keeping Families Together ACS FAMILIES: Open & Indicated Case DHS FAMILIES 1 of 2 years homeless or “at-risk” Families are placed in housing; program evaluator collects baseline data Identifying Families Typically Out of Reach HRA Determines Eligibility DHS
  7. 7. KFT Family Characteristics <ul><li>Based on interviews with 30 adults (29 families): </li></ul><ul><li>Typical KFT family is headed by a single mother of color in her mid-30s. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of heads of households had not completed high school (69%) and only a very small percentage had been employed in the 3 years prior to the start of the pilot. </li></ul><ul><li>Substantial histories of past trauma including: parental drug or alcohol abuse; parental death or abandonment; sexual, physical, or verbal abuse; neglect; foster care, homelessness and chronic housing instability. </li></ul><ul><li>96% have a history of substance abuse. 54% had been diagnosed with mental illness. </li></ul><ul><li>50% of the minor children moved into the housing with their family; about a third were in foster care or an informal placement at that time. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Childhood Experiences of KFT Heads of Household
  9. 9. Service Utilization
  10. 10. KFT Outcomes: Residential Stability <ul><li>Nearly all (90%) KFT families remain housed, some for as long as 30 months. </li></ul><ul><li>The shelter histories of 15 DHS comparison families show a cumulative average shelter duration of 15.3 months, ranging from 2-30 months. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seven families (46.7%) exited shelter after this initial stay. Eight families (53.3%) either remained in shelter without interruption or had episodes of one or two additional shelter stays during the period under study.   </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. KFT Outcomes: Children’s Safety and Well-Being <ul><li>62% of child welfare cases open at the time of housing placement were closed. </li></ul><ul><li>Four children who were in foster case reunified with their families over the course of the pilot. </li></ul><ul><li>The school-age children housed during the 2007-08 school year showed steady average increases in school attendance over three years, from before move-in to one year after move-in. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Keeping Families Together Partners
  13. 13. KFT Government Partners <ul><li>Government agencies involved: </li></ul><ul><li>NYC Department of Homeless Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped to identify and recruit eligible families; prioritized ACS –involvement among all those eligible for supportive housing; built awareness of project among family shelter providers and families. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NYC Housing Preservation and Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordinated development timeline with recruitment efforts. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NYC Administration for Children’s Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped to identify and recruit families; confirmed eligibility status; helped providers overcome bureaucratic obstacles related to their child welfare involvement (education, communication). </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NYC Department of Health and Mental Hygiene </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contract with KFT providers; provide technical assistance regarding NY/NY III implementation. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>NYC Human Resources Administration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clarified eligibility application process and eligibility criteria. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. KFT Non-Profit Provider Partners Provider Name Units Model Location CAMBA 2 Integrated Brooklyn LESC 10 Single-Site Bronx St. John’s LLP 2 Single-Site Bronx The Lantern Group 6 Single-Site Bronx Palladia, Inc. 4 Single-Site Bronx Women-in-Need 5 Scattered-Site Brooklyn
  15. 15. Alison Harte Project Director, Keeping Families Together [email_address] Donna Tapper [email_address] Rebecca Swann-Jackson [email_address]