Ethel teichberg ref 970313

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Ethel teichberg ref 970313

  1. 1. SUPPORT NEEDED FOR OLD ADULTS AS CARETAKERS OF PERSONS WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISABILITIES <br />Ethel Teichberg-Sabath, PsyD, LCSW, <br />Maria Valicenti-McDermott MD, MS, <br />Howard Demb MD<br />Children’s Evaluation and Rehabilitation Center-Kennedy Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY USA<br />
  2. 2. 2<br />BACKGROUND<br /> According the National Survey of America’s Families in 1999 1.3 million children or 1.8% of the child population, were cared for by their grandparents, without a parent present. <br />FACTORS THAT ACCOUNT FOR THE INCREASE IN GRANDPARENTS AND OTHER RELATIVES RASING CHILDREN<br /><ul><li>Alcohol and drug abuse
  3. 3. Unemployment
  4. 4. Child abuse and/or neglect
  5. 5. Incarceration
  6. 6. Abandonment
  7. 7. Divorce
  8. 8. Teenage pregnancy
  9. 9. Mental health problems
  10. 10. Death of a parent
  11. 11. Family violence
  12. 12. HIV/AIDS
  13. 13. Poverty</li></li></ul><li>OBJECTIVES<br />To identify the number of children with developmental disabilities cared by a caretaker who is older than 65 presenting to a University Affiliated Program, and to compare caretaker ages between kinship and non kinship homes. <br />DESIGN/METHODS<br />We identified 82 preschool children in foster care who presented to a University Affiliated Program for evaluation of developmental disabilities from 1988 through June 2003. <br />We examined how many of these children were cared by a caretaker who is older than 65. <br />Statistical analysis included relative proportions, Chi-square statistics and independent T sample test<br />
  14. 14. RESULTS<br />Of the 82, 42(52%) children were in kinship homes and overall 27 were male.At completion of evaluation: Mean ages: - children who were in Kinship homes 4.1 +/- 2 y.o and 42(52%); - foster mother’s: 60.8 +/- 10 y.o., <br />Twenty three caregivers, 34% of the overall sample were older than 65, 14 (42%)of the kinship vs 9 (26%) of the non kinship caregivers<br /> (p=NS). <br />
  15. 15. Support resources have been found to play a significant role in reducing perceived caregiver burden <br />Services that caregivers can be offered:<br /><ul><li>Respite care
  16. 16. Parent support group
  17. 17. Education and Information
  18. 18. Companion aide or escort service
  19. 19. Personal care
  20. 20. Financial support
  21. 21. Counseling about the importance of monitoring physical health and cognitive competency.</li></ul>CONCLUSION<br />This study suggests that 1/3 of a sample of young children with developmental disabilities in foster care are cared by a person who is older than 65. Future studies are needed to determine if these caretakers received enough support. <br />

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