What decisions have you made recently – and what steps did you go through to come to that decision? Information Literacy or Research is actually a process that we consciously or subconsciously use every time we make a decision. We may not follow all of these “formal” steps and we may not recognize the names but we do go through this process. Last week we introduced the 5 steps in Information Literacy or the Formal Research Process - these
This week we will look at the 1st step The first step in any formal research process is knowing that you need to do research so knowing you need to know. – recognizing the need for some form of information once you have recognized the need then then you need to define that need.
Consumer Financial Group Suppose you were job hunting and came across this page Consumer Financial Group Legitimate Business like webpage Let’s look at the Careers Link
Business Manager Part time Work at home Good money Don’t need a degree Handout
If we were to go back to main page and click on contact us Located in Apple Valley – northern California Looks legitimate Is this all I need to know? It tells me a lot already. Should I look for more?
But is it ? Open Google and do a search on &quot;Consumer Financial Group&quot; California http://www.ripoffreport.com/reports/0/270/RipOff0270226.htm Maybe this isn’t such a good idea after all. Maybe we need to be aware of a need to ask questions and to do research That is the 1st step – knowing that you need to know – recognizing and being aware of that need
Next you need to be able to define that need. You have heard it called the “topic sentence” in your writing class In academics we call that the “Research Question” A “Research Questions” is to a paper what a topic sentence is to a paragraph In everyday life we will also need to be able to define what we are looking for in order to ensure we get the “right” answer so defining a need is not just an academic thing Has anyone gone looking for information, finding what you are looking for and discovering it is not really what you need at all? Defining the Research Question is what we will look at today
Defining the need means asking an effective (=can bring about necessary answers) question Difference between a topic and an issue A Topic - what the research paper is about. It provides a focus for the writing. Of course, the major topic can be broken down into its components or smaller pieces (e.g., the major topic of nuclear waste disposal may be broken down into medical, economic, and environmental concerns). Stick with just one major topic per essay or research paper in order to have a coherent piece of writing. An issue - a concept upon which you can take a stand. While &quot;nuclear waste&quot; is a topic, &quot;safe and economic disposal of nuclear waste&quot; is an issue, or a &quot;point of discussion, debate, or dispute“ Subjective Judgment is ok because it is supported by verifiable facts. “Because…” Opinion is not good because you can’t back it up with facts. Based upon: experience, emotion, etc. Anyone can have one. If the subject interests you – it will spark you Not be too broad or too narrow – more like the little bear’s porridge Effective research questions pose questions that can be answered with verifiable facts Effective research questions include the key terms or concepts that are relevant to your topic Think about both your subject and audience Time spent on developing good research questions now will save you time later in the process
Why are these ineffective research questions? 1 – too broad (Benjamin Franklin: founding father, ambassador, inventor, scientist, printer) = Too many answers 2 – solicits opinion not fact = make assumptions, terms are not specific 3 – vague, broad, subjective Ask students why these questions are ineffective research questions. What makes them ineffective? Encourage the class to develop additional ineffective research questions.
Why are these Effective Research Questions? Tiered: multiple levels that can interact Specific Seeks factual, verifiable answers Not too broad or too narrow Include key terms or concepts that are relevant to your topic Thinking through this now saves time later in the process.
Focused research questions break down the Main Research question into easily researched subtopics Ask who, what, where, when, why, how Allow you to plan your research Help you identify resources you will need to find the information to answers the questions Help you begin to organize thoughts Ask students why these focused questions are effective for the main research question. What makes them effective? Encourage the class to develop focused research questions for the main research questions they developed previously. Discuss these as a class.
Homework : Develop a Research Question Come up with Focused Research Questions E-Mail it to me NOTE: There is a great website with exercises that help them or you of they come to you for help http://www.esc.edu/esconline/across_esc/writerscomplex.nsf/0/f87fd7182f0ff21c852569c2005a47b7
Create a folder on your F drive called Annette Robinson in F:\Student Data\Student Folders Place the word document entitled InformationLiteracyProject.doc in it for the students to copy.
Information Literacy Session 2
“It is impossible for a man
to learn what he thinks he
• Define: Define the need, problem, or
– Knowing …
• that you need to know
• what you need to know
Define the Need
• First we need to know that we need
– Recognizing that there is a need
Part-time, work at home, nationwide opportunity
Consumer Financial Group is a privately-held, 100% employee owned commercial finance organization located in
Apple Valley, California. We aim to be the global leader in our industry through an innovative suite of financing
products focused on equipment based lending, serving the needs of the food service, automotive, and
manufacturing industries to name a few. We are very proud to say CFG's capital fuels our nation's economy.
Our energetic team helps businesses, ranging in size from just a handful of employees to thousands, boost their growth
potential. Business owners appreciate CFG's unique analysis of financial profiles, thorough due diligence, and
machine-like efficiency. Our business model provides a level of service unmatched by competitors because we
recognize that every business is unique. CFG's largely multilingual professionals are trained to provide the kind of
timely, objective advice busy business owners and corporate officers truly appreciate.
We are always seeking accomplished, motivated, and positive individuals to join the CFG team. Be a part of our
growth and realize your future today!
Business Managers are the lifeblood of Consumer Financial Group. Analysts work in a fast paced sales environment
interfacing with clients, senior management, funding analysts, and both proprietary and institutional capital
sources. CFAs market the firms suite of financing products direct to our proprietary database of equipment
vendors and business users, gaining financial aptitude, industry expertise, and a polished approach to selling
suitable for communicating with business owners and managers. CFAs also gain expertise in financial statement
and credit analysis, making them among the most valued sales professionals in the financial services industry.
During the probationary period (40 days) our new Business Manager will be paid
2500 USD per month, plus 5% commission from every payment received from a
client. After the completion of the probationary period your salary will go up to
3000 USD per month, plus 7% commission per successfully handled transfer.
Requirements to the candidate:
- Proactive payment management skills;
- PC, Internet, E-mail advanced operational skills;
- Bank account ;
- Professional appearance;
- Confident attitude;
- Great People skills and a positive attitude are a must;
- Maturity age.
E-mail resume to: firstname.lastname@example.org
Consumer Financial Services
17868 Highway 18 Suite 217
Apple Valley, CA 92307-1291
Phone: (760) 536-8338
Fax: (866) 651-2150
“consumer financial group” california
Define the Need
• Next we need to know what we
need to know
– Defining what we need to know
– Research question (very similar to
the “topic sentence”)
Developing a Research Question
• Choose an appropriate topic or issue
for your research, one that actually
can be researched
– Choose a subject that interests you
enough to spark your own thoughts and
– Stick with just one subject
– Don’t make it too broad or too narrow
– Is it easily and fully researchable?
Main Research Question
Ineffective research questions
• Who was Benjamin Franklin?
– Too broad
– Has too many answers
• Should older people be allowed to drive?
– Asks for opinion, not fact
– Question is vague: the terms are not specific
• Does the U.S. have a good foreign policy?
– Questions is vague: the terms are not specific
– Too broad
– Subjective and asks for opinion
Main Research Question
Effective research questions
• What effect does divorce have on
academic achievement in elementary
– Is very specific about what it is asking
– Is layered with multiple levels of information
– Seeks factual, verifiable answers
• What are the differences between the
various processors available in computers?
– Seeks factual, verifiable answers
– Not too broad or too narrow
Focused Research Question
• Main Research Question
– Does exercise level positively or negatively
impact food consumption in obese
• Effective Focused Questions
– What is the definition of an obese
– What is the definition of exercise? How is
– Do obese individuals who increase their
level of exercise increase or decrease their
food intake measured in calories?
– What level of exercise shows a change in
Homework for this session
1. Create an effective Main Research Question
about your topic.
– That seeks factual answers
– That is fully and reasonably answerable
– That is neither too broad nor too narrow
1. Develop two Focused Questions
– That ask “who/what/when/where/why/how” of
your Main question and the topics in your Main
– That help you answer your Main question by
breaking it down into smaller parts.
1. Add them to the Project Template
1. What type of prenatal care do
women get in prison? (by a Medical
1. Do they get regular check ups?
2. Are they given a proper diet?
2. What kind of evidence can help solve
a sexual assault crime? (by a CJ student)
1. What kind of body-tissue could be used
2. How can that evidence determine who
the suspect is?
How to Retrieve the Template
• On an SBBC computer, go to “My
• Double-click on the “F:” drive
• Double-click on the “STUDENT DATA” folder
• Double-click on the “STUDENT FOLDERS”
• If you have not already made your own
folder, do so now:
– Click on “File” then “New” then “Folder”
– Type your name into the new folder that has been
created and hit enter.
How to Retrieve the Template
• Go back to “Student Data”
• Open “Course Data” then “English”
then “English 105 – Intro to Writing”
• Right-click the document titled
“InformationLiteracyProject” and click
• Go back to “STUDENT FOLDERS”
• Right-click on your own folder and hit
“Paste” – you now have that document
accessible from any school computer
What does it mean to ‘Define
A. Know that you need to know
B. Know why you want to know
C. Know what you need to know
D. (A) and (C)
The research question should be:
A. About my instructor’s favorite topic
B. Focused on one main subject
C. Written about in the newspaper
D. Very specific
Opinion is good to use
because it is supported by
personal experience and how
one feels about something
Which of these is NOT a quality of
an effective research question?:
A. Has multiple levels that can interact
B. Is abstract and complex
C. Seeks factual, verifiable answers
D. Is specific enough to find definite
What questions should you ask
about your “Main Research
D. All of the above, plus Where?