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NUTRITION OF JUDO
DR.AGHA-ALINEJAD
MOHAMMAD HOSSEIN JAFARI
TMU
ENERGY SYSTEM
• Sikorski et al concluded that the primary source of energy during a judo match
is anaerobic glycolysis.
• Competition demands of a number of strength requiring sports are typically
characterized by explosive single efforts. with significant recovery between
each effort Thus, the phosphagen energy systems (adenosine triphosphate
and phosphocreatine) supply the main fuel source. However, resistance
training involving repetitive lift requires a high rate of energy supply from
both the phosphagen energy systems and glycogenolysis
Sikorski W, Mickiewicz B, Maole C, et al. Structure of the contest and work capacity of the judoist. Warsaw: Polish Judo Association Institute of Sports, 1987
Rawson, Eric S., and Stella Lucia Volpe, eds. Nutrition for Elite Athletes. CRC Press, 2015.
ENERGY EXPENDITURE
Clarys, Peter, et al. "Energy expenditure and intake in judo athletes during training camp." Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 1.2
(2011): 2.
ENERGY EXPENDITURE
Age :25
height: 180
weight: 70
gender: male
physical activity : high
3334.50 cl
https://goo.gl/PbS1fx
PROTEIN IN TRAINING
• in strength-power athletes, high protein intake is important in maximizing anabolic
responses to training.
• 1.6 -1.7 gr.kg /day
• Indeed, at least anecdotally, elite strength-trained athletes who eat extremely high
protein intakes up to qualifying competitions report losing substantial amounts of
muscle mass when they subsequently reduce their protein intake
Rawson, Eric S., and Stella Lucia Volpe, eds. Nutrition for Elite Athletes. CRC Press, 2015.
Slater, G., and S.M. Phillips. 2011. Nutrition guidelines for strength sports Sprinting, weightlifting, throwing events, and bodybuilding. J
Sports Sci 29(Suppl 1): S67-S77
TIMING PROTEIN IN TRAINING
• A session of resistance exercise stimulates increased rates of both muscle protein
synthesis (MPS) and muscle protein breakdown (MPB) for up to 48 h (Phillips et al.
1997)
• Although resistance exercise stimulates MPS to a greater extent than MPB, the net
muscle protein balance only becomes positive when amino acids are ingested
(Churchward-Venne et al. 2012).
• This is primarily accomplished through the synergistic effect of amino acid intake and
resistance exercise on MPS and forms the rationale for the recommendation to
consume protein in close temporal proximity to the performance of resistance
exercise
TIMING PROTEIN IN TRAINING
Before After
If MPS after
High quality
leucine-rich
20gr>x

anabolic window
2h
High quality
leucine-rich
20gr>x
48 h
PROTEIN QUANTITY
40gr20gr
Same
effect
Same
effect
8-10 gr
amino
ess
0.25 to
0.3
gr/kg
PROTEIN SOURCE
• Studies have shown that
the achievement of a rapid
and pronounced plasma
concentration of EAA,
particularly leucine, is
associated with increased
rates of MPS and anabolic
cell-signaling, both at rest
and following resistance
exercise compared to a
slow rate of appearance of
these amino acids (West et
al. 2011)
PROTEIN SOURCE
Liquid
Milk 600 ml
DISTRIBUTION OF DAILY PROTEIN INTAKE
• A strong rationale for considering protein distribution throughout the day comes from acute studies
showing that ~8 to 10 g of EAA is sufficient to induce a maximal stimulation of MPS both at rest and
after resistance exercise
DISTRIBUTION OF DAILY PROTEIN INTAKE
20gr 20gr
20gr 20gr
10gr 10gr
10gr 10gr
10gr 10gr
10gr 10gr
40gr
40gr
80gr

DISTRIBUTION OF DAILY PROTEIN INTAKE
• A potentially important and perhaps underappreciated opportunity for strength athletes to consume a
protein-rich meal is before bed. It has recently been demonstrated that the ingestion of a larger protein
dose (40 g of casein) immediately before bed resulted in a greater stimulation of MPS overnight (Res et
al. 2012), suggesting this may be a viable feeding strategy to optimize MPS during the otherwise fasted
8- to 10-h fast period that typically accompanies sleep.
DISTRIBUTION OF DAILY PROTEIN INTAKE
• In summary, strength athletes should aim to consume protein in a balanced
manner throughout the day, with the ingestion of ~25 g (or 0.25 to 0.3 g/kg)
of high quality protein in 3 to 4 protein feedings evenly spaced throughout
the day.
20gr 20gr 20gr 20gr 40gr
120gr= 1.7gr *70kg
CARBOHYDRATE NEEDS
• Thus, current experts recommend daily carbohydrate intakes of 4–7 gr/kg.d
for strength athletes depending on their phase of training (Slater and Phillips
2011)
• important than total carbohydrate intake, strength-power athletes should
consume carbohydrate strategically around training sessions to promote
optimal carbohydrate availability at key time points for glycogen restoration
(Slater and Phillips 2011).
ISOTONIC DRINKS
CHO :4-8 % (40-80gr in 1 L )
sodium :sports drinks, which generally contain 160
to 800 milligrams (7.0 to 35 mmol/L) of sodium per
litre. For comparison, milk has a sodium content of
29 mmol/L, and low-fat natural yogurt
has 36 mmol/L.
Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
CARBOHYDRATE BEFORE DURING AFTER RESISTANCE
EXERCISE
Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
Body composition
• Hypertrophy increase muscle mass
• decrease fat mass
Weight Height PBF
(%)
Fat Mass
(kg)
Fat-Free
Mass (kg) wieght c
Different
fat mass c
Dif fat dif fat free
mass target pBF
101.7 182 15.84 16.11 85.59 100 -1.70 7.00 -9.1 7.4 0.07
• Indeed, the range of fat percentage extends from approximately 4% to 9%, with the
exception of the heavyweights (>78 kg for females and >100 kg for males)
Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports
Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166.
NUTRITION TO MANIPULATE BODY COMPOSITION
• INCREASE MUSCLE MASS
• A positive energy balance promotes an increase in body mass partitioned into lean body
mass and body fat.
While further study is required to determine the
optimal increase in energy intake to achieve this goal, a
practical target of ~500 kcal d–1 over requirements
has been suggested by sports nutrition experts (Burke
2007). In the absence of resistance exercise, such a
daily increase would theoretically result in an increase
in fat mass of ~0.4 kg wk–1 ;however, some lean mass
would also be gained (Bray et al. 2012). When
calculating the increase in energy intake required, the
athlete should also take into account the energy costs
of additional training sessions performed to promote
muscle gains.
• INCREASE MUSCLE MASS
• Evidence from sedentary populations indicates
that the changes in body composition induced
by several weeks of positive energy balance
are influenced by the protein content of the
diet (Bray et al. 2012).
• In this study, higher protein intakes (15% to
25% of energy) were associated with greater
lean body mass accrual without additional fat
mass gain compared to diets lower in protein
(5%) energy (Bray et al. 2012).
• INCREASE MUSCLE MASS
• A strategy that strength and power athletes
may use to increase total energy intake is by
consuming carbohydrate before, during, and
after the workout. This will help the athlete to
achieve a positive energy balance and, as
discussed under carbohydrate needs
previously, may promote better training during
prolonged workouts.
DECREASE FAT MASS
• Attempts to reduce body fat through dieting (i.e., intentional weight loss
through induction of a negative energy balance) are frequently accompanied
by reduction in muscle mass (Weinheimer et al. 2010).
• A large body of evidence shows that
higher protein intakes, at the expense of
carbohydrates, can enhance both the
preservation of muscle mas and the loss
of fat mass during periods of energy
restriction (Wycherley et al. 2012)
DECREASE FAT MASS
• Moreover, it appears that a synergism exists between resistance exercise training and
high protein intakes during weight loss, resulting in an even greater ratio of fat-to-
lean mass loss when the two strategies are combined (Mettler et al. 2010).
• In the absence of sufficient data necessary to make a truly evidence based
recommendation, protein intakes of ~1.8–2.7 gr/kg.d (or ~2.3–3.1 g kg–1 fat-free
mass) have been proposed (Helms et al. 2014; Phillips and Van Loon 2011).
• In addition, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (Abargouei et al. 2012)
showed that hypo energetic diets that contained a high quantity of dairy foods result
in a significantly greater weight loss, fat mass reduction, and lean mass
retention/gain compared to conventional calorie-restricted diets, suggesting that
strength athletes may benefit from high dairy consumption
DECREASE FAT MASS
• they should be encouraged to consume higher protein intakes ~1.8–2.7 gr/kg.d (~2.3–
3.1 gr/kg.d fat free mass) that would form up to 35% of an athlete’s total energy intake.
• Ideally, athletes should assume a moderate energy restriction (energy deficit of ~500
kcal/d ) to allow gradual reductions in body fat/weight (~0.5 kg/wk)
• Reducing carbohydrate to ~40% of energy (with an emphasis on low GI sources) may
facilitate fat loss (Phillips and Van Loon 2011). This usually means reducing
carbohydrate to 3–4 gr/kg.d
COMPETITION NUTRITION
• If you are competing more than twice in one day or competing two or more days in
succession, how well you eat will make a huge difference to your recovery and
performance in subsequent events.
Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
COMPETITION NUTRITION : Less Than One Hour
Between Events
Try a combination of one or more of the following:
• Water (provides fluid only)
• Sports drink (fluid and carbohydrate)
• Soft confectionery such as jelly beans(carbohydrate)
• One small banana (carbohydrate)=30 gr CHO
Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
COMPETITION NUTRITION : One to Two Hours
Between Events
Try a combination of one or more of the following:
• Water (provides fluid only)
• Sports drink (fluid and carbohydrate)
• Fruit juice, fruit juice drinks (fluid and carbohydrate)
• Soft drink (fluid and carbohydrate)
• Smoothie (fluid, carbohydrate and protein)
• Piece of fruit such as a banana or apple (carbohydrate)
• Soft confectionery such as jelly beans (carbohydrate)
• Liquid meals (fluid, carbohydrate and protein)
Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
COMPETITION NUTRITION : More Than Three Hours
Between Events
• Replace all your fluid losses.
• Eat to replace the muscle and liver glycogen used during the previous event.
• Include protein-containing foods to help repair any muscle damage.
Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
COMPETITION NUTRITION
Louise Bloor. Performance Nutritionist. SENrPractitioner
COMPETITION NUTRITION
SUPPLEMENTS
supplements
Sport
nutrition
Balanced diet
supplements
Sport
nutrition
Balanced
diet
Start
Here
Start
Here
SUPPLEMENTS :
GROUP A
http://ausport.gov.au/ais/nutrition
/supplements/groupd
SUPPLEMENTS : GROUP B
http://ausport.gov.au/ais/nutrition/supplements/groupd
SUPPLEMENTS : GROUP C
http://ausport.gov.au/ais/nutrition/supplements/groupd
SUPPLEMENTS :
GROUP D
http://ausport.gov.au/ais/nutrition/supplements/groupd
SUPPLEMENTS : CREATINE
• Anaerobic Power
• Fat Mass Percentage
• SJFT


Sterkowicz, Stanislaw, et al. "The effects of training and creatine malate supplementation during preparation period on physical capacity and special
fitness in judo contestants." Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 9.1 (2012): 41.
Radovanovic, Dragan, Milovan Bratić, and Dragana Milovanović. "Effects of creatine
monohydrate supplementation and training on anaerobic capacity and body composition in
judo athletes." Acta Fac Med Naiss 25.3 (2008): 115-120.
Group A
SUPPLEMENTS : BUFFERS
Group A
Group A
de Andrade Kratz, Caroline, et al. "Beta-alanine
supplementation enhances judo-related performance in
highly-trained athletes." Journal of science and medicine
in sport 20.4 (2017): 403-408.
The results of the current study show
that the combined supplementation of
NaHCO3 + CAF increases judo
performance compared with PLA.
Felippe, Leandro C., et al. "Separate and combined effects of
caffeine and sodium-bicarbonate intake on judo performance."
International journal of sports physiology and performance 11.2
(2016): 221-226.
SUPPLEMENTS : WHEY
1scoop : 30 gr
Group A
SUPPLEMENTS : HMB
Group BHMB is a metabolite of the EAA leucine.
Wilkinson and colleagues (2013) reported that
consumption of about 3 g of HMB-FA stimulated
muscle protein synthesis, increased anabolic
signaling, and attenuated muscle protein breakdown,
which highlights the mechanism through which HMB
supplementation might alter lean mass during
resistance exercise.
SUPPLEMENTS : CAFFEINE
Caffeine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant, increases
alertness, and may reduce perceived exertion and decrease pain
perception (Astorino and Roberson 2010; Davis and Green 2009). In
addition, caffeine can enhance Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic
reticulum, excitation contraction coupling, force production, and motor
unit recruitment (Warren et al. 2010).
TMU
Thanks You For Your Attention
Mjfitness.ir

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Nutrition of judo

  • 2. ENERGY SYSTEM • Sikorski et al concluded that the primary source of energy during a judo match is anaerobic glycolysis. • Competition demands of a number of strength requiring sports are typically characterized by explosive single efforts. with significant recovery between each effort Thus, the phosphagen energy systems (adenosine triphosphate and phosphocreatine) supply the main fuel source. However, resistance training involving repetitive lift requires a high rate of energy supply from both the phosphagen energy systems and glycogenolysis Sikorski W, Mickiewicz B, Maole C, et al. Structure of the contest and work capacity of the judoist. Warsaw: Polish Judo Association Institute of Sports, 1987 Rawson, Eric S., and Stella Lucia Volpe, eds. Nutrition for Elite Athletes. CRC Press, 2015.
  • 3. ENERGY EXPENDITURE Clarys, Peter, et al. "Energy expenditure and intake in judo athletes during training camp." Journal of Combat Sports and Martial Arts 1.2 (2011): 2.
  • 4. ENERGY EXPENDITURE Age :25 height: 180 weight: 70 gender: male physical activity : high 3334.50 cl https://goo.gl/PbS1fx
  • 5. PROTEIN IN TRAINING • in strength-power athletes, high protein intake is important in maximizing anabolic responses to training. • 1.6 -1.7 gr.kg /day • Indeed, at least anecdotally, elite strength-trained athletes who eat extremely high protein intakes up to qualifying competitions report losing substantial amounts of muscle mass when they subsequently reduce their protein intake Rawson, Eric S., and Stella Lucia Volpe, eds. Nutrition for Elite Athletes. CRC Press, 2015. Slater, G., and S.M. Phillips. 2011. Nutrition guidelines for strength sports Sprinting, weightlifting, throwing events, and bodybuilding. J Sports Sci 29(Suppl 1): S67-S77
  • 6. TIMING PROTEIN IN TRAINING • A session of resistance exercise stimulates increased rates of both muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and muscle protein breakdown (MPB) for up to 48 h (Phillips et al. 1997) • Although resistance exercise stimulates MPS to a greater extent than MPB, the net muscle protein balance only becomes positive when amino acids are ingested (Churchward-Venne et al. 2012). • This is primarily accomplished through the synergistic effect of amino acid intake and resistance exercise on MPS and forms the rationale for the recommendation to consume protein in close temporal proximity to the performance of resistance exercise
  • 7. TIMING PROTEIN IN TRAINING Before After If MPS after High quality leucine-rich 20gr>x  anabolic window 2h High quality leucine-rich 20gr>x 48 h
  • 9. PROTEIN SOURCE • Studies have shown that the achievement of a rapid and pronounced plasma concentration of EAA, particularly leucine, is associated with increased rates of MPS and anabolic cell-signaling, both at rest and following resistance exercise compared to a slow rate of appearance of these amino acids (West et al. 2011)
  • 11. DISTRIBUTION OF DAILY PROTEIN INTAKE • A strong rationale for considering protein distribution throughout the day comes from acute studies showing that ~8 to 10 g of EAA is sufficient to induce a maximal stimulation of MPS both at rest and after resistance exercise
  • 12. DISTRIBUTION OF DAILY PROTEIN INTAKE 20gr 20gr 20gr 20gr 10gr 10gr 10gr 10gr 10gr 10gr 10gr 10gr 40gr 40gr 80gr 
  • 13. DISTRIBUTION OF DAILY PROTEIN INTAKE • A potentially important and perhaps underappreciated opportunity for strength athletes to consume a protein-rich meal is before bed. It has recently been demonstrated that the ingestion of a larger protein dose (40 g of casein) immediately before bed resulted in a greater stimulation of MPS overnight (Res et al. 2012), suggesting this may be a viable feeding strategy to optimize MPS during the otherwise fasted 8- to 10-h fast period that typically accompanies sleep.
  • 14. DISTRIBUTION OF DAILY PROTEIN INTAKE • In summary, strength athletes should aim to consume protein in a balanced manner throughout the day, with the ingestion of ~25 g (or 0.25 to 0.3 g/kg) of high quality protein in 3 to 4 protein feedings evenly spaced throughout the day. 20gr 20gr 20gr 20gr 40gr 120gr= 1.7gr *70kg
  • 15. CARBOHYDRATE NEEDS • Thus, current experts recommend daily carbohydrate intakes of 4–7 gr/kg.d for strength athletes depending on their phase of training (Slater and Phillips 2011) • important than total carbohydrate intake, strength-power athletes should consume carbohydrate strategically around training sessions to promote optimal carbohydrate availability at key time points for glycogen restoration (Slater and Phillips 2011).
  • 16. ISOTONIC DRINKS CHO :4-8 % (40-80gr in 1 L ) sodium :sports drinks, which generally contain 160 to 800 milligrams (7.0 to 35 mmol/L) of sodium per litre. For comparison, milk has a sodium content of 29 mmol/L, and low-fat natural yogurt has 36 mmol/L. Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
  • 17. CARBOHYDRATE BEFORE DURING AFTER RESISTANCE EXERCISE Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
  • 18. Body composition • Hypertrophy increase muscle mass • decrease fat mass Weight Height PBF (%) Fat Mass (kg) Fat-Free Mass (kg) wieght c Different fat mass c Dif fat dif fat free mass target pBF 101.7 182 15.84 16.11 85.59 100 -1.70 7.00 -9.1 7.4 0.07 • Indeed, the range of fat percentage extends from approximately 4% to 9%, with the exception of the heavyweights (>78 kg for females and >100 kg for males) Franchini, Emerson, et al. "Physiological profiles of elite judo athletes." Sports Medicine 41.2 (2011): 147-166. NUTRITION TO MANIPULATE BODY COMPOSITION
  • 19. • INCREASE MUSCLE MASS • A positive energy balance promotes an increase in body mass partitioned into lean body mass and body fat. While further study is required to determine the optimal increase in energy intake to achieve this goal, a practical target of ~500 kcal d–1 over requirements has been suggested by sports nutrition experts (Burke 2007). In the absence of resistance exercise, such a daily increase would theoretically result in an increase in fat mass of ~0.4 kg wk–1 ;however, some lean mass would also be gained (Bray et al. 2012). When calculating the increase in energy intake required, the athlete should also take into account the energy costs of additional training sessions performed to promote muscle gains.
  • 20. • INCREASE MUSCLE MASS • Evidence from sedentary populations indicates that the changes in body composition induced by several weeks of positive energy balance are influenced by the protein content of the diet (Bray et al. 2012). • In this study, higher protein intakes (15% to 25% of energy) were associated with greater lean body mass accrual without additional fat mass gain compared to diets lower in protein (5%) energy (Bray et al. 2012).
  • 21. • INCREASE MUSCLE MASS • A strategy that strength and power athletes may use to increase total energy intake is by consuming carbohydrate before, during, and after the workout. This will help the athlete to achieve a positive energy balance and, as discussed under carbohydrate needs previously, may promote better training during prolonged workouts.
  • 22. DECREASE FAT MASS • Attempts to reduce body fat through dieting (i.e., intentional weight loss through induction of a negative energy balance) are frequently accompanied by reduction in muscle mass (Weinheimer et al. 2010). • A large body of evidence shows that higher protein intakes, at the expense of carbohydrates, can enhance both the preservation of muscle mas and the loss of fat mass during periods of energy restriction (Wycherley et al. 2012)
  • 23. DECREASE FAT MASS • Moreover, it appears that a synergism exists between resistance exercise training and high protein intakes during weight loss, resulting in an even greater ratio of fat-to- lean mass loss when the two strategies are combined (Mettler et al. 2010). • In the absence of sufficient data necessary to make a truly evidence based recommendation, protein intakes of ~1.8–2.7 gr/kg.d (or ~2.3–3.1 g kg–1 fat-free mass) have been proposed (Helms et al. 2014; Phillips and Van Loon 2011). • In addition, a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (Abargouei et al. 2012) showed that hypo energetic diets that contained a high quantity of dairy foods result in a significantly greater weight loss, fat mass reduction, and lean mass retention/gain compared to conventional calorie-restricted diets, suggesting that strength athletes may benefit from high dairy consumption
  • 24. DECREASE FAT MASS • they should be encouraged to consume higher protein intakes ~1.8–2.7 gr/kg.d (~2.3– 3.1 gr/kg.d fat free mass) that would form up to 35% of an athlete’s total energy intake. • Ideally, athletes should assume a moderate energy restriction (energy deficit of ~500 kcal/d ) to allow gradual reductions in body fat/weight (~0.5 kg/wk) • Reducing carbohydrate to ~40% of energy (with an emphasis on low GI sources) may facilitate fat loss (Phillips and Van Loon 2011). This usually means reducing carbohydrate to 3–4 gr/kg.d
  • 25. COMPETITION NUTRITION • If you are competing more than twice in one day or competing two or more days in succession, how well you eat will make a huge difference to your recovery and performance in subsequent events. Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
  • 26. COMPETITION NUTRITION : Less Than One Hour Between Events Try a combination of one or more of the following: • Water (provides fluid only) • Sports drink (fluid and carbohydrate) • Soft confectionery such as jelly beans(carbohydrate) • One small banana (carbohydrate)=30 gr CHO Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
  • 27. COMPETITION NUTRITION : One to Two Hours Between Events Try a combination of one or more of the following: • Water (provides fluid only) • Sports drink (fluid and carbohydrate) • Fruit juice, fruit juice drinks (fluid and carbohydrate) • Soft drink (fluid and carbohydrate) • Smoothie (fluid, carbohydrate and protein) • Piece of fruit such as a banana or apple (carbohydrate) • Soft confectionery such as jelly beans (carbohydrate) • Liquid meals (fluid, carbohydrate and protein) Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
  • 28. COMPETITION NUTRITION : More Than Three Hours Between Events • Replace all your fluid losses. • Eat to replace the muscle and liver glycogen used during the previous event. • Include protein-containing foods to help repair any muscle damage. Cardwell, Glenn. "Gold medal nutrition." (2012).
  • 29. COMPETITION NUTRITION Louise Bloor. Performance Nutritionist. SENrPractitioner
  • 33. SUPPLEMENTS : GROUP B http://ausport.gov.au/ais/nutrition/supplements/groupd
  • 34. SUPPLEMENTS : GROUP C http://ausport.gov.au/ais/nutrition/supplements/groupd
  • 36. SUPPLEMENTS : CREATINE • Anaerobic Power • Fat Mass Percentage • SJFT   Sterkowicz, Stanislaw, et al. "The effects of training and creatine malate supplementation during preparation period on physical capacity and special fitness in judo contestants." Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition 9.1 (2012): 41. Radovanovic, Dragan, Milovan Bratić, and Dragana Milovanović. "Effects of creatine monohydrate supplementation and training on anaerobic capacity and body composition in judo athletes." Acta Fac Med Naiss 25.3 (2008): 115-120. Group A
  • 37. SUPPLEMENTS : BUFFERS Group A Group A de Andrade Kratz, Caroline, et al. "Beta-alanine supplementation enhances judo-related performance in highly-trained athletes." Journal of science and medicine in sport 20.4 (2017): 403-408. The results of the current study show that the combined supplementation of NaHCO3 + CAF increases judo performance compared with PLA. Felippe, Leandro C., et al. "Separate and combined effects of caffeine and sodium-bicarbonate intake on judo performance." International journal of sports physiology and performance 11.2 (2016): 221-226.
  • 38. SUPPLEMENTS : WHEY 1scoop : 30 gr Group A
  • 39. SUPPLEMENTS : HMB Group BHMB is a metabolite of the EAA leucine. Wilkinson and colleagues (2013) reported that consumption of about 3 g of HMB-FA stimulated muscle protein synthesis, increased anabolic signaling, and attenuated muscle protein breakdown, which highlights the mechanism through which HMB supplementation might alter lean mass during resistance exercise.
  • 40. SUPPLEMENTS : CAFFEINE Caffeine is a powerful central nervous system stimulant, increases alertness, and may reduce perceived exertion and decrease pain perception (Astorino and Roberson 2010; Davis and Green 2009). In addition, caffeine can enhance Ca2+ release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum, excitation contraction coupling, force production, and motor unit recruitment (Warren et al. 2010).
  • 41. TMU Thanks You For Your Attention Mjfitness.ir